牛牛游戏厅安卓,{原始关键词}

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                  • 当前位置: 代写一篇论文多少钱 > 工程师论文 > 市政工程变更造成的影响与索赔方案

                    市政工程变更造成的影响与索赔方案

                    时间:2019-01-22 10:44作者:韩光明
                    本文导读:这是一篇关于市政工程变更造成的影响与索赔方案的文章,市政工程的投资一般用于大型的工程建设,工程量一般较大,施工环节也较为复杂,其中存在的不确定因素也较多,很容易受到各种因素的影响而发生变更,进而直接影响工程投资,间接加大工程成本,所以必须对这些影响因素

                      摘    要:牛牛游戏厅安卓,{原始关键词} 近年来随着经济的不断发展,政府也加大了各种市政工程项目的投资,旨在完善我国基础设施建设。但在基础设施的建设中,因各种不可控因素(如环境因素、自然气候变化等)的出现,使原有的工程建设方案被调整,造成工程造价不必要的经济损失。因此,这就需要在实际的工程中,根据实际状况的变动做出调整,从而最大程度的降低因调整带来的索赔风险,保证工程的顺利开展,故,做出以下具体的分析,并提出改进性意见方案。

                      关键词: 市政工程; 工程变更; 索赔策略、影响;

                      Abstract: In recent years, with the continuous development of the economy, the government has also increased investment in various municipal engineering projects in order to improve China's infrastructure construction. However, in the construction of infrastructure, due to the emergence of various uncontrollable factors(such as environmental factors, natural climate change, etc.), the original project construction plan was adjusted, causing unnecessary economic losses in project cost. Therefore, it needs to be adjusted in the actual project according to the changes in actual conditions, so as to minimize the risk of claims caused by the adjustment and ensure the smooth development of the project. Therefore, the following specific analysis is made and suggestions for improving are proposed.

                      Keyword: municipal engineering; engineering change; claim strategy and impact;

                      0、 引言

                      SHIZHENGGONGCHENGDETOUZIYIBANYONGYUDAXINGDEGONGCHENGJIANSHE,GONGCHENGLIANGYIBANJIAODA,SHIGONGHUANJIEYEJIAOWEIFUZA,QIZHONGCUNZAIDEBUQUEDINGYINSUYEJIAODUO,HENRONGYISHOUDAOGEZHONGYINSUDEYINGXIANGERFASHENGBIANGENG,JINERZHIJIEYINGXIANGGONGCHENGTOUZI,JIANJIEJIADAGONGCHENGCHENGBEN,SUOYIBIXUDUIZHEIXIEYINGXIANGYINSUZUOCHUFENXIYANJIU,ZUIDACHENGDUDEJIANGDIGONGCHENGTOUZI。

                      1 、市政工程概况

                      1.1、 市政工程的主要特点

                      工程变更主要是指市政工程的工程质量、工程总数、工程报酬的规定时间出现变化,进而产生的一系列的工程负担。具体来说,市政工程项目主要由政府出资组织建造的非营利性项目,同时这类工程项目的建设多为公共建筑主要供人们使用,旨在方便人们的工作和出行。由于市政工程的特殊性,资金来源也较为广泛,需要加大的投资金额,才能满足市政工程项目的建设需要。另外,在市政工程项目的建设要求中,对质量标准的要求较高,同时对工程的工期也非常重视,因此这就需要工程的按质按期完成,但由于工程量较大、施工周期较短就很容易在施工中出现一些不可抗力因素,出现工程变更,增加不必要的经济损失。
                     

                    市政工程变更造成的影响与索赔方案
                     

                      1.2、 市政工程造价基本概念界定

                    牛牛游戏厅安卓,{原始关键词}   GONGCHENGZAOJIASHIZHIZAIYIGEGONGCHENGXIANGMUCONGKAISHIDAOWANCHENGSUOHAOFEIDEMEIYIBIZIFEI,ZHIJIEGUANXIDAOGONGCHENGDECHENGBENZHICHU。JUTILAISHUO,ZAIGONGCHENGZAOJIAZHONGSUOXUYAODESUOYOUCAILIAOFEIYONG、RENYUANFEIYONG、SHESHIFEIYONGDENGGOUCHENG。YINCI,ZHEIYESHISHIZHENGGONGCHENGZHONGDEZHONGYAOHUANJIE,ZHIYOUZAIBAOZHENGZHILIANGDEJICHUSHANGHELIDEGUANKONGZHENGGEGONGCHENGDEGUANLIGONGZUO,CAINENGZUIDACHENGDUDEJIEYUEGONGCHENGZIJIN。DUIYUSHIZHENGGONGCHENGDEGOUJIANLAISHUO,TONGGUOGUANLIGONGCHENGZAOJIA,BUDANKEYIFAHUIMEIYIBICHENGBENJIAZHI,HAIKEYIJIANSHAOBUBIYAODESUNSHI。DANZAISHIJIDEGONGCHENGZHONG,ZHEIYIHUANJIEDEMINGANXINGSHIFENQIANG,TONGSHIHAIJUYOUYIDINGDENANDU,RUOGUANKONGCHUXIANYIWAIYINSUZEHUIQIANYIFAERDONGQUANSHEN。

                      2、 实际案例分析

                      BENWENGENJUJUTISHIZHENGGONGCHENGBIANGENGANLIJINXINGFENXI,JIBENZILIAOWEI:MOUSHIZHENGGONGSICHENGBAOMOULUDUANDEGAIJIANGONGCHENG,QUANZHANG2.5km,GONGQIWEIDANGNIAN8YUEZHICINIAN3YUE。GAILUDUANWEICHENGSHIZHUGANDAO,JIDONGCHEDAOJIEGOUCENGWEI:20cmHOUSHIHUITUDIJICENG,45cmHOUERHUISUISHIJICENG,9cmCU+4cmXILIQINGHUNNINGTUMIANCENG;FEIJIDONGCHEDAOJIEGOUCENGWEI:20cmHOUSHIHUITUDIJICENG。ZAICICISHIGONGZHONGQIAFENGYINGYESHUIGAIGE、SHEBAOGONGJIJINWENTI,DUIZHENGGEGONGCHENGDEYUSUANDAILAILEHENDADEYINGXIANG,YIXIADUIBIANGENGWENTIHEBIANGENGHOUDEYINGDUIFANGANZUOCHULUNSHU:(1)YINGYESHUIZHENGCEDIAOZHENG:CICIXIANGMUZAISHISHIGUOCHENGZHONGCHUXIANLEJIANZHUYEYINGYESHUIZENGZHISHUIDIAOZHENGWENJIANDEFABU,GAIXIANGDIAOZHENGWANQUANDIANFULECIQIANYIJISUANWANCHENGDEGONGCHENGZAOJIA:ERZAIWEIFABUGAIWENJIANQIAN,BENXIANGMUZAIYUSUANSHIZECAIYONGWEIGAIQIANDEYINGYESHUIFANGFA,ERZAIGONGCHENGSHISHIHOUCIWENJIANFABU,ZHEIDUIGONGCHENGDEZONGZAOJIAYOUHENDADEYINGXIANG,YOUQISHISHIGONGDANWEIDEJINGJILIYI。YINCIZAIJIEJUEZHEIYIWENTISHI,SHOUXIANZAIWENJIANFABUHOUJIJIXUEXIWENJIANDEFANGZHENZHENGCE,BINGZAIDUANSHIJIANNEIZUZHIGONGCHENGZHONGDEJIANSHEFANGHESHIGONGFANGJINXINGGOUTONG,JINERTUOSHANJIEJUELESHESHUIWENTI。(2)SHEBAOYUGONGJIJINFEIYONGDEDIAOZHENG:BENWENZHONGDESHIZHENGGONGCHENGZAISHISHIZHONGZHENGZHIGAISHIXINFANGANDEFABU,CHUSHANGSHUTIDAODEJIANZHUYEYINGYESHUIGAIZENGZHISHUIDIAOZHENGWAI,TONGSHIGAISHIZHONGJIANCAIXINGYESHICHANGGUANLIZONGZHANBANFADE“GUANYUDIAOZHENGBENSHIJIANSHEGONGCHENGZAOJIAZHONGSHEHUIBAOXIANFEIJIZHUFANGGONGJIJINFEILVDETONGZHI”WENJIANZHONG,DUIGAISHIJIANSHEGONGCHENGZAOJIAZHONGDESHEHUIBAOXIANFEIJIGONGJIJINFEILVJINXINGLEDIAOZHENG,ERCIFANGANDESHISHIDUIGONGCHENGDEZAOJIAYECHANSHENGLEYIDINGDEYINGXIANG。YINCIBIXUYAOGENJUFANGANZUOCHUDIAOZHENG。(3)XINWENJIANCHUTAIDUICIXIANGMUDEYINGXIANG:GUOJIAFALV、FAGUI、ZHENGCEDECHUTAISHIGONGCHENGZHENGTISHIGONGZAOJIADEJICHU,ZAIZAOJIAGONGZUOHEGONGCHENGSHIGONGZHONGBIXUYANGEANZHAOXIANGGUANZHENGCE,ERGONGCHENGXIANGMUZHONGDEHUANJIEJIAODUO,MEIYIGEHUANJIEDEJUTIZHENGCEYEBUTONG,YINCIZAIJINXINGGONGCHENGZAOJIASHIMIANLINDEWENJIANXIANGDANGFANSUO。ERXINWENJIANDECHUTAIDUIZHENGZAISHIGONGZHONGDEGONGCHENGXIANGMUYOUYIDINGDEYINGXIANG,ZAIJUTIDESHISHIZHONGYEBINGBUJIANDAN。YINCI,ZHEIJIUXUYAOZAIGONGCHENGSHIGONGZHONGYUDAOSHANGSHUYINSUBIXUMASHANGJINXINGXUEXI,CHITOUWENJIANDEJINGSHEN,JINERJISHIYOUXIAODEJIEJUEDAILAIDEYINGXIANG。

                      3、 市政工程变更的影响

                      3.1、 对原有造价模式的主要影响

                    牛牛游戏厅安卓,{原始关键词}   SHANGSHUANLIZHONGGONGCHENGZHONGYINGGAIZENGZHENGCEDEFABUDUIGONGCHENGZAOJIACHANSHENGLEQUANMIANDEYINGXIANG,JINERBUDEBUJINXINGGONGCHENGBIANGENG。

                      3.2、 当前实施的造价系统修订的现实性研究

                      SHICHANGHUANJINGDEBIANHUASHISUISHIDE,YINCI,WEIBIANHUAQIANDEJIJIAFANGFABINGBUNENGWANQUANFUHEXIANDAIDEJICHUYAOQIU,LIANGZHEJIANZAIZHENGCEGUANLIJIZHIHESHIJIDECAOZUOZHONGYOUHENDADECHONGTU,RUOZHENGCEDEBANBUZHENGCHUGUODUQI,TONGSHIBUSHIYINGMUQIANDEXINGSHIYAOQIU,ZHEIJIUHUIDADAYINGXIANGGONGCHENGJIANSHE。

                      3.3、 营改增会让工程造价价税更全面的分隔开

                      YINGGAIZENGXINWENJIANDEFABUHESHISHIHOU,SHIZHENGGEGONGCHENGDEZAOJIAFASHENGLEGAIBIAN,SHICAILIAO、RENYUAN、JIXIESHEBEIDENGSHIXIANLEJIASHUIDEZHIJIEFENLI,SHIJIJIATIXIGENGJIAKEXUEWANSHAN。

                      3.4、 工程变更后单价的变动

                    牛牛游戏厅安卓,{原始关键词}   GONGCHENGBIANGENGHOUZHENGGEYUANYOUDEYUANDOUHUIFASHENGHENDABIANHUA,ZHEIJIUXUYAOZHONGXINQUEDINGDANJIA。CONGLILUNSHANGLAIJIANG,QUEDINGDANJIASHIYINGYOUHETONGSHUANGFANGGONGTONGXIEDING,RUOYOUYIYIBUNENGDACHENGYIZHISHI,XUJIAOYUGONGCHENGSHI,RANGQICONGXIANSHIDEJIAODUZHIDINGYIGESHUANGFANGMANYIDEJIAGE,ZAITONGZHIGONGCHENGCHENGBAOSHANG。DUICI,YIXIAJIANGGONGCHENGDANJIABIANGENGDECHANGYONGFANGSHIJINXINGLIEJU:(1)FUCONGYUANDANJIA,YIBANLAISHUO,FASHENGGONGCHENGBIANGENGSHI,RUOTOUBIAODANJIATONGCIXIANGGONGCHENGBIANGENGXIANGSHIYING,ZEKEYIANZHAOTOUBIAOJIAJISUANCHUTOUBIAODANJIA,DANHAIXUZHUYISHIJIDEBIANGENGYINSU,RUBIANGENGSHIJIAN、BIANGENGHOUDESHIGONGFANGFA、WEIZHI、XINJIUGONGCHENGDEXIANGCHADU;(2)FUCONGCANKAODANJIA,DANGGONGCHENGBIANGENGHOUHEYUANGONGCHENGXIANGCHAJIAODASHI,NEIMEZAIDANJIADEZHIDINGZHONG,XUYAOYIYUANDANJIAWEICANKAO,YICIWEIJICHUZHONGXINZHIDINGHELIDEDANJIA,RUBILIFENPEIFAHUOSHULIANGCHARUFA;(3)FUCONGXINDINGDANJIA,GONGCHENGBIANGENGHOURUOHEYUANHETONGXINGZHIWANQUANBUYIZHISHI,YUANYOUDEDANJIAJIUSHIQULECANKAOYIYI,YINCI,ZHEIJIUXUYAOYOUYEZHU、CHENGBAOSHANGDENGGENJUXIANYOUGONGCHENGXIESHANG,ZHONGXINZHIDINGXINDEDANJIA。

                      3.5、 工程变动后工期索赔

                    牛牛游戏厅安卓,{原始关键词}   GONGCHENGBIANDONGHOUDINGHUIDUIYUANYOUDEGONGQIDAILAIYIDINGYINGXIANG,YINCI,ZHEIJIUXUYAOGENJUGONGCHENGBIANDONGDEXIANSHIYUANYINJINXINGSUOPEI,YIBANLAISHUOYINGXIANGBIANDONGDEZHUYAOYUANYINYOUYEZHUHEGONGCHENGSHITONGSHIHAIBAOKUOYIXIEBUKEKANGLIYINSU,DAOZHIGONGQICHUXIANJIAOZHANGHUOJIAODUANDEYANCHI。YINCI,ZHEIJIUXUYAOGENJUSHIJIDEYUANYINJINXINGFENXI,JINXINGSUOPEI,ZAIGENJUGONGQISUOPEIFANGFAJINXINGJISUAN,RUCHANGYONGDEWANGLUOFENXIFAZHUYAOSHIJISUANGONGQISUOPEIZHI=XINGONGQI-YUANGONGQI。QICIZESHIBILIFENXIFA,ZHUYAOSHIYIHETONGSUOZHANBILIJINXINGJISUAN,JISUANFANGSHI:GONGQISUOPEIZHI=YUANHETONGGONGQI×(YUANHETONGZONGJIA÷FUJIAHUOXINZENGGONGCHENGLIANGJIAGE)。TONGGUOZHEILIANGZHONGJISUANFANGSHILAIFENXIGONGCHENGBIANDONGHOUGONGQISUOPEI。

                      4、 开展工程变更时的索赔方案

                      4.1、 索赔成立的前提条件

                      ZAISHIZHENGGONGCHENGDEJIANSHEZHONG,RUOCHUXIANSUOPEI,YIDINGYAOFUHEYIXIAJIDIAN:(1)GONGCHENGCHUXIANLESHIJIDEBIANGENGYINSU,BINGZAIBIANGENGHOUDUIHEZUOFANGDAILAILEYIDINGSUNSHIHEYINGXIANG。(2)ZAIJINXINGSUOPEISHI,BIXUJUYOUCHONGFENDESUOPEIYIJU,YANGEANZHAOHETONGTIAOKUANHEXIANGGUANFALVFAGUI。(3)DANGQUEDINGYISHANGLIANGDIANSHI,KEKAISHIQUEQIEDESUOPEIGONGZUO,BINGZAIGUIDINGSHIJIANNEIJISHIKAIZHANHESUOPEISHENQINGDETIJIAO。

                      4.2、 变更索赔方案的执行

                      ZAISHIGONGBIANDONGSUOPEIFANGANSHANGZHUYAOBAOKUO:SHIGONGFANGANDEBIANGENG、CAILIAOSUOPEIDENGYINSU。YINCI,ZHEIJIUXUYAOZAISHIJIDEGONGCHENGSHANGGENJUSHIJIDEBIANDONGYUANYINZHIDINGXIANGDUIFANGAN,LIRUCICIANLIZHONGYINSHUIGAIGECHUXIANDEGONGCHENGBIANDONG,NEIMEZAICIBIANDONGFANGANDEZHIDINGZHONGZEGENJUSHUIGAIHOUDEZHENGCEDENGYINSUJIJIZHANKAIYOUGUANFANGDEQIATAN。YINCI,ZHEIJIUXUYAOZAICHUXIANBIANDONGHOU,LIJIZUCHENGBIANGENGXIAOZU,BINGYUJIANLI、JIANSHEDANWEIDENGJINXINGQIATANGONGTONGZHIDINGBIANGENGFANGAN,CIWAI,ZAIZHANKAIBIANGENGHOUHAIYAOMASHANGZUOHAOBIANGENGQIANREN、JIYAO、SHIGONGTUZHI、CAILIAODENGYIXILIEDEZAIQUERENGONGZUO。

                      4.3、 变更索赔的注意事项及策略

                      (1)YANGESHENCHABIANGENGCAILIAODEHECHAGONGZUO:ZAIKAIZHANGONGCHENGBIANGENGGONGZUOSHI,YIDINGJIAQIANGJIANZHUXIANGMUDESHENCHAHEHESHIGONGZUO,ZHIYOUZHEIYANGCAINENGQINGCHUZAIJIANZHUGONGCHENGSHIGONGDEYUANJIHUALIDUOBIDEYIXIEBIANHUAXINGDEYINGXIANGYINSU。LIRU,GONGCHENGBIANGENGYUANYIN、GONGCHENGBIANGENGHOUKEYIGOUCHENGDEXIAOYI、GONGCHENGBIANGENGZAOJIASHIBUSHIKONGZHIZAIYUANBENDEYUSUANFANWEINEI,ZHEIXIEYINSUDOUZHIJIEQUEDINGLEGONGCHENGXIANGMUSHIBUSHIYAOFASHENGGAIBIAN。CHUCIZHIWAI,ZAIJINXINGSUOPEIGONGZUOSHIZAIGEXIANGCAILIAODESOUJIZHONGYAOYANGEFENXIHETONG,RU:HETONGWENBEN、BUCHONGTIAOKUAN、BEIWANGLU、HUIYIJIYAO、SHEJITUZHIHEXIUGAITONGZHI、JIANLIGONGCHENGSHIDEXIANCHANGZHISHIDAN、YEZHU、JIANLIGONGCHENGSHIYUCHENGBAOSHANGZHIJIANDEWANGLAIWENHANYIJIJICENGSHIGONGDANWEIDESHIGONGRIZHI、GONGCHENGZHAOPIAN、XIANCHANGLUXIANGDENG。CIWAI,ZAIGONGCHENGWEICHUXIANBIANGENGSHI,YIDINGYAOZAIGONGCHENGKAISHIQIANJIUXUYAOXIANGGUANRENYUANJUBEIBIANGENGYISHI,YIMIANZAIGONGCHENGCHUXIANBIANGENGHOUCAILEJIESUOPEIGONGZUO,JINERYANWUGONGQI。

                      (2)YOUHUAXUANZEGONGCHENGBIANGENGDUICEYUFANGAN:ZAIJINXINGGONGCHENGBIANGENGFANGANSHI,YIDINGYAOGENJUMUQIANDEGONGCHENG、ZHENGCEDENGQINGKUANGJINXINGZHIDING,JUTIWEIYIXIA:DIYI,XUANZEZUIJIACELVE,ZAIZHIDINGFANGANSHIYAOJIEHEMUQIANDESHIJIZHUANGTAIJINXING,TONGSHIYAOCAIYONGDUOZHONGFANGSHILAIDUIBIANGENGFANGANDEJIEGUOJINXINGBIDUI,XUANZEZUIJIADUICE。DIER,XUANZEZUIJIAFANGAN,ZAIGAIBIANSHIZHENGGONGCHENGXIANGMUSHI,HUICHUXIANHENDUOBIANGENGXINGFANGAN,DANGMIANDUIJIAODUODEFANGANXUANZESHI,KENENGHUICHUXIANHUNLUANYINGXIANGXUANZEJIEGUO,YINCI,ZAIZHEIZHONGHUANJINGXIA,YIDINGYAOLIANXIBIANDONGDEJIBENTIAOJIANHETOUZIBUMENDUIGONGCHENGXIANCHANGDESHUJUZUOCHUFENXI,BINGDUICIJINXINGKEXUEHELIDEXUANZE。JINERZUIDACHENGDUDEBAOZHENGSHIZHENGGONGCHENGDEANQIANZHIWANCHENG。

                    牛牛游戏厅安卓,{原始关键词}   (3)ZHUYISUOPEITANPANDEJIQIAO,JIAQIANGDUOFANGJIAOLIU:SUOPEITANPANZHIJIEYINGXIANGZHESHUANGFANGLIYI,YINCIZAIJINXINGTANPANGONGZUOSHIYIDINGYAOSHENZHONG、YANJIN,SHOUXIANYAOMINGBAIZISHENLICHANGHEDUIFANGDELIYIDIAN,RANHOUZAIJINXINGTANPANSILUHETANPANCELVE,QUEDINGYOUQIANLIKEWADEXIANGMUBIXUJIANCHUBUFANGQI,LINGWAI,ZAITANPANZHONGFASHENGJUYOUJILIEDEZHENGYISHI,QIEJICIJIDUIFANG,BUKEFASHENGRENSHENGONGJI。QICI,ZAITANPANGUOCHENGZHONGYAOYOUYIDAONAN,ZHUAZHUDUIFANGDEGUANXINDIAN,YICIFENPIFENCIDETAN,RUOZHEIYIGUOCHENGMEIYOUMANYIDETANPANJIEGUO,KEZAIJINXINGXIAYILUNDETANPAN。ZUIHOU,ZAIJINXINGTANPANSHIYIDINGYAOJIANCHI、WEIHUZISHENLICHANG,JUEBUNENGSHOUXIANTUICHUTANPAN,BIYAOSHIKEZUOCHUSHUANGFANGTUOXIE。

                      5 、结论

                    牛牛游戏厅安卓,{原始关键词}   YISHANGDUISHIZHENGGONGCHENGXIANGMUBIANGENGDEYINGXIANGJISUOPEICELVEJINXINGDELUNSHU,TONGSHIYINGYONGSHIJIANLIDEFENXIRENWEI:ZAICHUXIANGONGCHENGBIANGENGHOU,JISHIDEGENJUBIANGENGYUANYINJINXINGYANJIU,ZUZHIXIANGGUANBUMENJINXINGGOUTONGGONGTONGSHANGTAOBIANGENGFANGAN,QUEDINGBIANGENGSUOPEIDECELVE,CONGERZUIDACHENGDUDEJIANGDIFENGXIAN,BAOZHENGDUOFANGDEGONGYING。

                      参考文献

                      [1]钱源.基于BIM技术工程变更信息共享平台的创建[J].科学技术创新,2019(29):139-140.
                      [2]黄达,王雨,张崇旭.基于PPP项目模式的建筑工程造价控制与管理研究[J].河南建材,2019(05):137-138.
                      [3] 詹晓钰.房建工程造价预结算问题及审核思路探讨[J].河南建材,2019(05):146-147.
                    牛牛游戏厅安卓,{原始关键词}   [4]詹晓钰.房建工程造价预结算问题及审核思路探讨[J/OL].河南建材,2019(05):146-147[2018-10-24].http://doi.org/10.16053/j.cnki.hnjc.2019.05.085.

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