牛牛游戏厅安卓,{原始关键词}

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                当前位置: 代写一篇论文多少钱 > 教育教学论文 > 中学英语学习中自我效能感影响因素与对策

                中学英语学习中自我效能感影响因素与对策

                时间:2019-01-16 10:12作者:林珊
                本文导读:这是一篇关于中学英语学习中自我效能感影响因素与对策的文章,研究当前中学生英语学习自我效能感对于改善我国学生英语学习随着经济全球化的扩展,各国对于英语的学习变的越来越重视,中国的教育也面临着诸多的发展与挑战。初中不仅是英语的初步学习阶段,也是学生为今后的英语学

                  摘    要:牛牛游戏厅安卓,{原始关键词} 英语是一门语言,需要长久不断的学习与应用,而传统家庭教育这种影响仅是有利于促进女性的英语学习,却不利于男性的英语学习。由于自我效能感与初中生自身的学习成绩紧密关联,因此学习态度与学习能力是影响自我效能感发挥作用的主要因素,它们使学生的认知过程被自我效能感所影响,从而刺激学生发生心理和行为上的变化来应对现实的处境。此外,父母教养方式的合理与否、学生对于学习外来语言的顾虑与焦虑也是影响中学生英语学习自我效能感的主要因素。因此,本文研究中学生英语学习自我效能感的策略,供广大教师参考。

                  关键词: 中学; 英语; 效能感;

                  一.前言

                牛牛游戏厅安卓,{原始关键词}   SUIZHEJINGJIQUANQIUHUADEKUOZHAN,GEGUODUIYUYINGYUDEXUEXIBIANDEYUELAIYUEZHONGSHI,ZHONGGUODEJIAOYUYEMIANLINZHEZHUDUODEFAZHANYUTIAOZHAN。CHUZHONGBUJINSHIYINGYUDECHUBUXUEXIJIEDUAN,YESHIXUESHENGWEIJINHOUDEYINGYUXUEXIHEYINGYUJIAOLIUDAXIAJICHUDEZHONGYAOJIEDUAN。RANERDANGQIANRENGYOUBUSHAOXUESHENGPAICHIYINGYUDEXUEXI,ZIWOXIAONENGGANBUZU,YINGYUCHENGJIJIAODI,ZHEIXIEDOUJIHOUQIYINGYUNENGLIDETIGAODAILAILEJIAODADETIAOZHAN。ZIWOXIAONENGGAN(serf-efficacy)ZAISHANGSHIJI70NIANDAIYOUSHEHUIXUEXILILUNCHUANGSHIRENBanduraSHOUXIANTICHU,ZHI“GERENDUIZIJIWANCHENGMOUYIRENWUNENGLIBIAOXIANDEZIWOPINGJIA”,TONGSHITARENWEIXUESHENGZAIXUEXIGUOCHENGZHONGCHANSHENGDEZIWOXIAONENGGANYUXUESHENGDEKETANGBIAOXIANHEZUIZHONGCHENGJIZHIJIEGUANLIAN。

                  二.影响中学生英语学习自我效能感的主要因素

                  (1)学习态度

                  CHUZHONGXIAOYUANYOUYIJUHENYOUQUYEHENZHENSHIDEHUA,JICHUYIDEXUESHENGQIDAIYINGYUKE,CHUERDEXUESHENGBAOYUANYINGYUKE,CHUSANDEXUESHENGHAIPAYINGYUKE。DUIGANGSHENGRUCHUZHONGXUEXIDEXUESHENGLAISHUO,CHUZHONGJIEDUANSHIYIGEZHANXINDEKAISHI,XIAOYUANLIDAOCHUDOUCHONGCHIZHEMINGMEIDEXINXI,CISHIDADUOXUESHENGGANGGANGTUOLILEJIANDANDEQIMENGYINGYUJIAOXUE,DUIYUJIJIANGJIECHUDECHUZHONGYINGYUCHONGMANLEHAOQIYUQIDAI,YEZUOHAOLEYINGJIEYINGYUKECHENGXUEXIDEZHUNBEI,YOUYUCHUYIDEYINGYUJIAOXUENEIRONGXIANGDUIRONGYIZHANGWO,GUERTAMENZHIYAOSHAOJIANULIJIUKEYIQINGSONGHUODEMANYIDEFENSHU,CONGERSHIDECHUYIXUESHENGDEYINGYUXUEXIYANGCHENGJIAOGAODEZIWOXIAONENGGAN。

                  JINGGUOYINIANDEKECHENGXUEXIYUXIAOYUANSHIYING,CHUERXUESHENGYIJINGJIBENZHANGWOLECHUZHONGKECHENGDEJIAOYUMOSHI,SUIZHEYINGYUJIAOXUENANDUDETIGAO、GEZHONGKECHENGDEZENGDUOYIJIDUICHUZHONGXIAOYUANXINXIANGANDESANGSHI,XUESHENGDUIYUYINGYUXUEXIDETAIDUYEDABURUQIAN,CISHIXUESHENGDEYINGYUXUEXIZIWOXIAONENGGANKAISHIZHUJIANXIAJIANG。

                  最后进入初三阶段,初三最重要的任务就是中考,中考作为开启高中的敲门砖,承载着初中三年所有课程教学的集合,学生在一轮又一轮的知识梳理和盲点排查中认识到自己在英语学习上存在太多的问题与知识的缺失,从而产生心理上的悲观,产生消极的学习态度,再加上周考、月考以及模拟考的试卷等纷沓而至,时好时坏的成绩让学生的英语学习效能感直线的下滑。
                 

                中学英语学习中自我效能感影响因素与对策
                 

                  (2)学习能力

                牛牛游戏厅安卓,{原始关键词}   GANGBURUXIAOYUANDECHUZHONGXUESHENGDADUODUIZIJIDEXUEXINENGLICHONGMANZIXINSHENZHIMANGMUZIXIN,YIFANGMIANSHIYINWEIZHEIBUFENZHONGXUESHENGSHANGWEIXINGCHENGWANSHANDEZIWOSHENSHIXITONG,HAIBUNENGZHENGQUE、KEGUANDIRENSHIZIWO,LINGYIFANGMIANZESHIYINWEIZHEISHIXUESHENGSHENXINFAZHANDEBIJINGJIEDUAN,ZHEIZHONGDUIZISHENNENGLIDEZIXINBUJINYOULIYUCUJINTAMENSIXIANGYUXUEXIDEJINBU,HAINENGSHIDETAMENZAIYINGJIETIAOZHANSHIYOUGENGSHAOJIAOLVGAN,GENGDUODEJIANCHIXING,QIEZHEISHIYIBEIZHENGSHIDEZUIYOUXIAODEXIAONENGPINGJIA。DANSHIBINGBUSHISUOYOURENDOUNENGZUODAORUZHEIBUFENXUESHENGYIBAN,ZAIRENHESHIHOUDOUNENGDUIZIJIDEXUEXINENGLICHONGMANZIXIN,RUPIYUYINGDUIKAOSHIDECHUSANXUESHENG。CHUSANDEXUESHENGDADUOCHUYU14、15SUI,TAMENZAICISHIYINENGXINGCHENGCHUBUDEZIWOSHENPANNENGLI,JINENGCONGYIGEKEGUANDEJIAODUDUIZIJIJINXINGQUANMIANHUOMOUYIFANGMIANNENGLIDESHENSHI,TAMENBUHUIZAIXIANGCONGQIANNEIYANGBAZIJIKANDEHENGAO,ERSHIBAZIJIFANGDEHENDI,RENWEIZIJIZHEILIBUXING、NEILIYEBUXING,ZHEIZHONGXUEXITAIDUDEBIANHUAYEZAIYIDINGCHENGDUSHANGZHUTUILETAMENYINGYUXUEXIXIAONENGGANDEXIAHUA。

                  (3)父母教养方式

                牛牛游戏厅安卓,{原始关键词}   CONGCHUZHONGXIAOYUANSHENGHUOLAIKAN,SUIZHENIANLINGDEZENGZHANG,ZHONGXUESHENGZAIYINGYUXUEXISHANGDEZIWOXIAONENGGANZHENGTISHICHENGXIANXIAHUAQUSHIDE;CONGFUMUWENHUACHENGDULAIKAN,SUIZHENIANLINGDEZENGZHANG,FUMUWENHUASHUIPINGCHENGDUGAODEXUESHENGDUIZIJIYINGYUXUEXIDEZIWOXIAONENGGANYEGAO;ERFUMUWENHUASHUIPINGCHENGDUYIBANDEXUESHENGDUIZIJIYINGYUXUEXIZIWOXIAONENGGANDEGAOYUDIZEZHUYAOQUJUEYUZISHENDEXUEXITAIDUYUXUEXINENGLI。JIAZHANGZUOWEICHULEJIAOSHIYIWAIDIERGEJIANZHENGHAIZIXUEXIYUJINBUDEREN,YUHAIZIXIANGCHUDESHIJIANYEHENDUO,FUMUDUIHAIZIDEGULIYIJIHAIZIXUEXIYINGYUDESHIJIBANGZHUHEQIANYIMOHUADEBANGZHUDOUHENDA,ZHEILIDESHIJIBANGZHUBUJINSHIZHIWENHUASHUIPINGGAODEFUMUTONGGUOYANCHUANSHENJIAODEFANGSHIBANGZHUHAIZIXUEXIYINGYU,HAIYINGBAOKUONEIXIEZISHENWENHUASHUIPINGBUGAODANHUITONGGUOQINGJIAJIAO、YANYUHUOXINGWEIGULIDEFANGSHICUJINHAIZIGENGHAODEXUEXI,ERQIE,CHONGMANZHEFUMUDEWENNUANYULIJIEDEJIAYESHIXUESHENGYINGYUXUEXIDAOLUSHANGDENENGLIANGBUJIZHAN。

                  三.提高中学生英语学习自我效能感的策略

                  (1)让学生在英语语言学习中体验成功

                牛牛游戏厅安卓,{原始关键词}   GUOQUDEXUEXIJINGYANSHIXUESHENGZIWOXIAONENGGANJIANLIDEJICHU,YONGYOUJIAOSHAOHUOCONGMEIYOUGUOCHENGGONGTIYANDEXUESHENGDUIYUZIJIDEXUEXINENGLICHONGMANHUAIYI,TAMENWANGWANGZAIZIJISHIBAIDEJINGLIZHONGYIJUEBUZHEN,DUISHAOYOUTIAOZHANDEXUEXIRENWUJIUJIAOKUBUDIE,XIANGYAOTAOBI;FANZHIDUIZIJIDEXUEXINENGLICHONGMANXINXIN,DADUOTIXIANWEIXUESHENGNENGZIJUEDEZHIDINGJIAOGAODEXUEXIMUBIAO、LEYUTIAOZHANJIAONANDEKECHENGNANDIANDENG。ZHONGSUOZHOUZHI,YICIWEIXIAODECHENGGONG,JIUNENGRANGGETIXIANGXINZIJIJUBEILECHENGGONGSUOXUYAODETIAOJIAN,SUOYIYAOXIANGTIGAOZHONGXUESHENGYINGYUXUEXIZIWOXIAONENGGANXURANGXUESHENGJINKENENGDETIYANCHENGGONGDEGUOCHENG,GANSHOUCHENGGONGDEXIYUE。SUOYIJIAOSHIYAODUIZIJIXUESHENGBAOYOUJIJIDETAIDUHEJIANDINGDEXINNIAN,QINGCHUBIAODAZIJIDUIXUESHENGDEYUANDAQIPAN,XIANGXINZIJIDEXUESHENGDOUKEYIHUODECHENGGONG、DOUYOUWUXIANDEQIANNENGYUCAINENGDENGZHEZIJIZHEIGE“BOLE”QUWAJUE,BINGZAIRICHANGJIAOXUEZHONGGULIXUESHENGWEIXIAODEJINBU、ZUOYEBENSHANGDUODA“A”HUO“YOU”DENG。

                  (2)为每个层次的学生提供适当的榜样

                  XUESHENGZAIKETANGSHANGHUIDAWENTI,ZAIHEIBANSHANGBANYANJIEDATIMUSHIYIZHONGSHIFANXINGDEBANGYANGXINGWEI,QITAXUESHENGTONGGUOBIJIAOPANDUANZIJINENGFOUJIEJUETONGYANGDEWENTI,DANGXUESHENGKANDAOYUZIJISHUIPINGXIANGJINDETONGXUEQUDELEJINBUHUOCHENGGONG,NENGZENGQIANGZIWOXIAONENGGAN,RENWEIZIJIYENENGSHENGRENYIYANGDERENWU。FANZHI,ZEHUIJIANGDIZIWOXIAONENGGAN,RENWEIZIJIYEZHUDINGHUISHIBAI。YINCIJIAOSHIBUJINXUZUOHAOZISHENDEBANGYANZUOYONG,HAIYINGWEIXUESHENGTIGONGDUOGECENGCI、SHUIPINGBUJINXIANGDENGDETONGXUEDANGZUOSHIFANDEBANGYANG,BINGRANGZHEIXIEBANGYANGTONGXUEJINKENENGDEHUODECHENGGONG,CONGERGUWUQITATONGXUE。CENGCI、SHUIPINGBUTONGDETONGXUEYOUZHEBUTONGDEXUEXIRENWU。YINCI,ZHEIYEJIUYAOQIUJIAOSHIQUEDINGHAOGECENGCI、SHUIPINGDEBANGYANGXUESHENGYUSHOUZHONGXUESHENG,QIEMOSHIDEBANGYANGNENGLIGUOGAOERRANGQITAXUESHENGWANGCHENMOJI,YEBUYAOSHIDEBANGYANGNENGLIGUODIERRANGQITAXUESHENGBUXIEYIGU,RUCIFANGNENGYOUXIAOTIGAOSHOUZHONGXUESHENGDEZIWOXIAONENGGAN。

                  (3)帮助学生端正英语学习态度、掌握适合自己的学习方法

                  MUBIAOSHIZHIJUYOUMINGQUEXING、KEXINGXING、QIADANGXINGQIEJUYOUYIDINGZHIXIANG、JILIZUOYONGDEJIEDUANXINGBIAOZHUN。ZHANGQIMUBIAOHEDUANQIMUBIAOXIANGJIEHEYOULIYUXUESHENGDEXIAOJINBUSHIXIANDAFEIYUE。JIAOSHIKEYIGENJUXUESHENGBUTONGDEXUEXINENGLIHEXUEXIJINDUFENBIEZHIDINGCHUFUHEMEIGERENYINGYUXUEXIFAZHANDERENWUHEMUBIAO,BINGZHUYIBAWORENWUHEMUBIAODENANDU,TAINANHUOZHEGUOYUJIANDANDOUSHIBUKEQUDE,NANDUBIAOZHUNYIXUESHENGTONGGUOYIDUANSHIJIANDENULIXUEXINENGGOUWANCHENGWEIZHU。HELIMUBIAOYOUZHUYUJIFAXUESHENGNEIZAIDEQIANNENG,TONGSHIJIAOSHIYEYINGJIJIDIYINDAOXUESHENGWEIZIJIZHIDINGHELIDEMUBIAO,CONGERRANGXUESHENGQUNULIDEWANCHENGMUBIAO。NENGFOUZHAODAOSHIHEZIJIDEYINGYUXUEXIFANGFAYINGXIANGZHEYINGYUXUEXICHENGJIZIWOXIAONENGGANDETIGAO,YINCIJIAOSHIYINGJINKENENGDEBANGZHUXUESHENGZHIDINGFUHEZISHENFAZHANDEXUEXIFANGFA,BINGGULIXUESHENGYONGGANDESHIJIAN。

                  (4)培养学生良好的心理品质,克服英语学习焦虑

                牛牛游戏厅安卓,{原始关键词}   LIANGHAODEXINLIPINZHINENGSHIXUESHENGZAIYUYUE、QINGSONGDEHUANJINGXIAXUEXI,DUIYUTIGAOZIWOXIAONENGGANYOUSHIBANGONGBEIDELIANGXIAO。RENZAIKAIXINDESHIHOUNENGHUODEGENGDUODEDONGLIJILI,CONGERNENGGOUGAOXING、GAOXIAOLVDEWANCHENGRENWU。ERJINZHANG、ZIBEI、JIAOLVDENGXIAOJIQINGXUZEHUIDAYAXUESHENGDEXINXI,RANGXUESHENGDUIZIJIDEXUEXIXINGWEINENGLIDENGCHANSHENGHUAIYI,RENWEIZIJIBUKENENGHUICHENGGONG,CONGERJIANGDIZISHENYINGYUXUEXIZIWOXIAONENGGAN。YIBANERYAN,YINGYUCHENGJIHAODETONGXUEDADUODOUJUYOUZIXINKAILANG、RENZHENFUZEDENGLIANGHAOPINZHI,XIANGXINZAIMOSHENGDEHUANJINGXIA,TAMENYESHIGANYUTONGTARENJIANGYINGYUDEYIBUFENREN。DUIYUSHICHANGGANDAOJIAOLVDETONGXUELAISHUOMING,JIAOSHIKEYITONGGUOBUTONGTUJING,BANGZHUXUESHENGJIANLIZHENGQUEDERENSHENGGUANNIAN,JIANDINGXINNIAN,YOUMUDEDEPEIYANGXUESHENGJIANKANGDEXINLIPINZHI,ZUIZHONGZAICHENGGONGDEDAOLUSHANGBUDUANQIANXING。

                  四.结论

                  YANJIUDANGQIANZHONGXUESHENGYINGYUXUEXIZIWOXIAONENGGANDUIYUGAISHANWOGUOXUESHENGYINGYUXUEXISHUIPINGDIXIADEQINGKUANGLAISHUOSHIHENYOUBIYAODE,GAIGEYINGYUKECHENGCHUANTONGJIAOXUEMOSHIDEJINCHENGZHENGZAIZHUJIANLAKAIWEIMU,HELIDEZIWOXIAONENGGANNENGYOUXIAOTIGAOXUESHENGDEYINGYUXUEXIXIAOLV,CONGERCUJINWOGUOZHENGTIYINGYUJIAOXUEMOSHIDEFAZHAN。

                  参考文献

                  [1] 张庆宗.自我效能理论对外语学习策略教学的影响[J].山东外语教学,2004.
                  [2] 张鼎昆,方俐落,凌文轮.自我效能感的理论及研究现状[J].心理学动态,2016.
                  [3] 杨心德,徐钟庚,陈朝阳.初中生的自我效能感及其对学习目标的影响[J].心理发展与教育,2013.

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