牛牛游戏厅安卓,{原始关键词}

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                        2. 当前位置: 代写一篇论文多少钱 > 教育教学论文 > 初中语文阅读教学中矛盾分析法的运用

                          初中语文阅读教学中矛盾分析法的运用

                          时间:2020-04-26 13:23作者:林新洪
                          本文导读:这是一篇关于初中语文阅读教学中矛盾分析法的运用的文章,目前的初中语文教学越来越重视培养学生的阅读思维和阅读方法,因此在实践教学过程中,教师不能简单以教学课文的主旨大意、思想情感为目标,而是引领学生走进文本进行思考探究。

                            摘    要: 在初中语文课堂阅读教学过程中,提高学生阅读能力一直是教学的难点。要突破这一难点,采用孙绍振教授提出的矛盾分析法不失为一种有效的方法,它不仅可以有效唤醒学生对文本内容、言语形式的质疑,更能帮助学生窥探作者的言外之意、弦外之音,从而把握作者言语表达的真正价值,最终达到拓展学生思维的广度和深度的目的。因此,教师要注意在教学过程中将矛盾分析法融入实际教学。

                            关键词:牛牛游戏厅安卓,{原始关键词} 矛盾分析法; 初中语文; 阅读教学;

                            引言

                            《YIWUJIAOYUYUWENKECHENGBIAOZHUN(2011NIANBAN)》ZHICHU:“CHUZHONGYUWENJIAOXUEYINGZENGQIANGXUESHENGYUWENXUEXIDEZIXINXIN,SHIQIYANGCHENGLIANGHAODEYUWENXUEXIXIGUAN,CHUBUZHANGWOXUEXIYUWENDEJIBENFANGFA。”CONGZHEIYIDIANWOMENKEYIKANCHU,XINKECHENGBIAOZHUNDUICHUZHONGSHENGXUEXIYUWENTICHULEXINDEYAOQIU——ZHANGWOXUEXIYUWENDEFANGFA。HUANJUHUASHUO,MUQIANDECHUZHONGYUWENJIAOXUEYUELAIYUEZHONGSHIPEIYANGXUESHENGDEYUEDUSIWEIHEYUEDUFANGFA,YINCIZAISHIJIANJIAOXUEGUOCHENGZHONG,JIAOSHIBUNENGJIANDANYIJIAOXUEKEWENDEZHUZHIDAYI、SIXIANGQINGGANWEIMUBIAO,ERSHIYINLINGXUESHENGZOUJINWENBENJINXINGSIKAOTANJIU。ZAIYUWENYUEDUXUEXIZHONG,XUESHENGZHUAZHULEWENBENZHONGCHUXIANDEMAODUNJIUKEYIJINYIBUFENXIWENZHANGDESHENCENGNEIHAN。MAODUNFENXIFAJIUSHIZAIZHEIYANGYIGEBEIJINGXIACHANSHENGDEYUEDUJIAOXUEFANGFA。

                            一、矛盾分析法的含义

                            在语文课堂阅读教学中,教师需要对教材的文本进行深入的分析和体悟,抓住阅读教学的根本——语言文字,以字、词、句为解读作品精神的逻辑起点。结合具体语境运用矛盾分析法,以文本中语义、情理的矛盾点作为突破口,有效唤醒学生对文本内容、言语形式、表达策略的质疑,窥探作者的言外之意、弦外之音,从而把握作者言语表达的真正价值。本文所述的“矛盾分析法”,是指以抓住作品中的矛盾点为突破口,引领学生走进文本的阅读教学方法。其中的矛盾点包括作品的内部矛盾(如语义矛盾、情理矛盾等)[1]。
                           

                          初中语文阅读教学中矛盾分析法的运用
                           

                            二、矛盾分析法在初中语文阅读教学中的运用策略

                            (一)抓住语义上的矛盾点,解读文本

                          牛牛游戏厅安卓,{原始关键词}   JIAOSHIZAIKAIZHANYUEDUJIAOXUESHI,RUGUOCONGYANJIUYANYUDEMAODUNRUSHOU,YONGLIANXIDEGUANDIANJIEDUWENBEN,YIYANYUMAODUNDEFENXIFASHENSHIZUOPINYANYUDEXINGSHIJIQIYIYI,JIANGGENGRONGYISHIXUESHENGTIWEIDAOZUOPINDESHENKENEIHAN。YUYIMAODUN,SHILIANGGEHUXIANGMAODUNDECIYUDAPEIZAIYIQI,CHANSHENGDEYUYIDUILIHUOSHIYUQIXIANGZUOXIANXIANG。CONGBIAOMIANKAN,ZHEIWEIBEILEYUYILUOJI。DANSHIZHISHANG,MAODUNXIUCIQUESHICONGSHIWUNEIBUJIESHILESHIWUDEFAZHANGUILV,JUYOUSHENCENGDELUOJIXING,ZAITEDINGDEYUJINGXIABIAODAFUZADEQINGGAN,SHIWANQUANKEYILIJIEDE,SHIFUHEYUYILUOJIDE。HEHULUOJIDEYUYIMAODUN,BACIHUIYIYIXIANGDUILI、XIANGMAODUNDECIYUZHIYUYICHU,YISHENKEDIJIESHIZUOZHEXIANGYAOBIAODADEJIMAODUNDUILIYOUXIEDIAOTONGYIDEGUANXIDESHIWUHUOQINGGAN,CONGERYINQIDUZHEGENGHAODISIKAO[2]。ZUOWEIYUWENJIAOSHI,JIUYAOYINDAOXUESHENG、JIAOHUIXUESHENGXINSHANGZUOPINZHONGDEZHEIZHONGYUYIMAODUN。

                          牛牛游戏厅安卓,{原始关键词}   《YONGJIUDESHENGMING》YIWENZHONG:

                          牛牛游戏厅安卓,{原始关键词}   “GANXIESHENGMINGDEQIJI,TAFENKAILAISHIZANSHI,HEQILAIQUESHIYONGJIU。”

                            “NEIXIEGETIXIAOSHILE,TAQUEYONGYUANCUNZAI。”

                            “SHENGMINGZAINEIXIEZHONGYUYAODIAOXIEDEHUADUOLIYONGCUN,BUDUANJISHIJIEYISECAI,BUDUANJISHIJIEYIFENFANG。DIAOXIEHEBUXIUHUNWEIYITI,ZHEIJIUSHIQIJI。”

                            YISHANGJUZIZHONG,BACIHUIYIYIXIANGDUILI、XIANGMAODUNDECIYUZHIYUYICHU,RU“ZANSHI”YU“YONGJIU”、“XIAOSHI”YU“YONGYUANCUNZAI”、“DIAOXIE”YU“YONGCUN、BUXIU”DOUGOUCHENGYUYISHANGDEMAODUN,YISHENKEDIJIESHIZUOZHEXIANGYAOBIAODADEJIMAODUNDUILIYOUXIEDIAOTONGYIDEGUANXIDESHIWUHUOQINGGAN,CONGERYINQIDUZHEGENGHAODISIKAO。ZHUAZHUZHEIXIEMAODUNDIANHAIYUANDAOWENBENZHONGQU,SHENGMINGFENKAILAISHIYIGEGEGETI。DUIGETISHENGMINGERYAN,MEIYIGEGETIDOUHUIXIAOSHI、HUIDIAOXIE,SUOYISHENGMINGSHI“ZANSHIDE”。SHENGMINGHEQILAI,JIKEYILIJIEWEIZHONGZUSHENGMING,GETISHENGMINGZAIDIAOLINGZHIQIAN,YONGZIJIDESHENGMINGZIYANGXIAYIDAI,KEYITONGGUO“FANZHI”DEDAOYANXU,“YONGBUXIUZHI”DI“MANYAN”,SUOYIYOUSHI“YONGJIUDE、YONGCUNDE、BUXIUDE”。DAOCIJIESHILEGERENDESHENGMINGSHIBEIWEIROURUODE,ERDUIYURENLEILAISHUO,SHENGMINGSHISHENGSHENGBUXIDE,“TACHONGMANLEXIWANG,YONGBUXIUZHIDIFANZHIZHE,MANYANZHE,SUICHUXUANSHITADEKUAILEHEWEISHI”,ZHEIJIUNENGGENGZHUNQUE、SHENKEDILIJIEZUOZHEDUI“YONGJIUDESHENGMING”DEKAITAN,LIJIEZUOZHEJIJIXIANGSHANGDERENSHENGTAIDU,DUISHENGMINGDEGANEN,YAOYONGDUANZANDESHENGMINGQUCHUANGZAOYONGJIUDEJIAZHI。

                          牛牛游戏厅安卓,{原始关键词}   ZHUZIQING《BEIYING》YIWENZHONG:

                            XINZHONGSHUODAO:“WOSHENTIPINGAN,WEIBANGZITENGTONGLIHAI,JUZHUTIBIZHUDUOBUBIAN,DAYUEDAQUZHIQIBUYUANYI。”

                            ZHEIJUHUALI“PINGAN”YU“DAQUZHIQIBUYUAN”GOUCHENGYUYIMAODUN,YINDAOXUESHENGLIANXIBEIJINGKEZHIFUZIERRENZHIQIANGANQINGBUHEYOULAIYIJIU,NEIME“FUQIN”ZHISUOYIXINZHONGRUCIBIAODASHIYINWEI:FUQINWEILE“QIUHE”。ZUOZHEZHUZIQINGYESHUOGUO:“WOXIE《BEIYING》,JIUYINWEIWENZHONGSUOYINDEFUQINDELAIXINNEIJUHUA。DANGSHIDULEFUQINDEXIN,ZHENSHILEIRUQUANYONG……”TONGGUODUIZHEIGEYUYIMAODUNDEHAIYUANFENXI,WOMENDUDONGLEZUOZHE“DUIFUQINDEYUANLIANG”,DUDONGLEZUOZHENEIYIJU“AI!WOBUZHIHESHIZAINENGYUTAXIANGJIAN!”DEHUIHENYUSHENQING。

                            (二)借助情理上的矛盾点,解读文本

                            RUXUANJIAOCAIDEWENBENDOUSHIWENZHIJIANMEIDEDIANFANZHIZUO,BUJINYANYUDEXINGSHIJINGDIANDUDAO,HAIYOUZHEJIJIJIANKANGDEQINGGANTAIDUHEJIAZHIGUAN。WENBENSUOBAOHANDEZHUGUANGANSHOUYIBANJIAOWEINONGLIE,SHENZHIHENDUOYUJIBENSHISHIWANQUANXIANGFAN,ZHEIJIUGOUCHENGLEQINGLIMAODUN[3]。

                            ZAIDUILUXUNXIANSHENGDEWENBENXIDUDEGUOCHENGZHONGFAXIAN,LUXUNXIANSHENGSHIYIGEYUNYONGMAODUNDIANLAIBIAODAYUYAN、KEHUARENWU、JIESHIZHUTIDEWENXUEDASHI。LUXUNXIANSHENGZAIWENZHANGJIEWEIXIEDAO:“ZHENDE,YIZHIDAOXIANZAI,WOSHIZAIZAIMEIYOUCHIDAONEIYESIDEHAODOU,——YEBUZAIKANDAONEIYESIDEHAOXILE。”KEJIANZAILUXUNXINZHONG,NEIWANDEXIFEICHANGHAOKAN。RANERTONGGUOXIDUWENBEN,XUESHENGZHAODAOXUDUOXIJIE:“‘WO’GANDAOPIJUAN、ZAIZHICHENG、QIYURENDAHAQIAN”;“‘WO’ZUIPA,KANDAODAJIAYIJIANYIZHI,DOUHENSAOXING”;“‘WO’DANXIN,SHUANGXIPOKOUNANNANDIMA”;“‘WO’RENNAI,ZHOUBIANDERENBUZHUDEYUQI、DAQIHAQIANLAI、TEBIESHISHUANGXIAOBUZHULE”……DAJIAMINGMINGSHUOXISHIBUHAOKANDE,NEIMEYUJIEWEIDE“HAOKAN”XINGCHENGJIAODADEMAODUN、CHONGTU。ZHUAZHUZHEIGEQINGLISHANGDEQIANHOUMAODUN,HAIYUANZHENGGEKANXIDEGUOCHENG,CONG“XIQIAN—TUZHONG—KANXI—GUIHANG”SIGEHUANJIEZHONGQUTANJIU“WO”DUISHEXIDEQINGGAN,CONGERLIJIEWENZHANGDEZHUZHI。

                            HAIYUANDAOWENBEN“XIQIAN”,“WO”CONGKEWANGDAOSHILUODAOJINGXI,ZHEIZHONGYIBOSANZHEDEQINGGANTIYANZHENSHIHENDUTE,ZUITEBIEDEYAOSHUSHUANGXIHEXIAOHUOBANDAIJI“WO”NONGNONGDEGANDONG:XIAOHUOBANMENQUANLIBANG“WO”,WEI“WO”SHUOQING,WEI“WO”DABAOPIAO,“WO”WEINEIYIFENCHUNPOREQINGSHANLIANGERGANDONG。HAIMEIQUKANXI,DUIZHEICHANGXIDEQINGGANYISHIDUYIWUERDE,LINGRENNANYIWANGHUAIA!

                            HAIYUANDAOKANXIDE“TUZHONG”,“WO”DEXINQINGXIANQINGSONGDAOJIQIEZUIHOUCHENJINGZISHIQILAI,ZHEIQINGGANTIYANYEHENDUTE,ZUITEBIEDEYAOSHUZAIXINGCHUANGUOCHENGZHONGHUXIZHELIANGANDEDOUMAIHESHUICAOFASANCHULAIDEQINGXIANG,ZHEIZHONGZIYOUCHONGCHIXIONGQIANG,KUAILEYONGSHANGXINTOUDEMEIMIAOTIYAN,NANYIWANGHUAIA!

                            HAIYUANDAOKANXIHOUDE“GUIHANG”,“WO”HEHUOBANMENYIQITOUDOU,ZHEIRANG“WO”GANSHOUDAOPINGQIAOCUNHUOBANMENDEREQINGHAOKE,DAFANGCHUNPO;“TOUDOU”FENGONGHEZUO,RANG“WO”GANSHOUDAOTONGXINXIELI、TONGGANGONGKUDELEQU;ZAI“TOUDOU”DEXINGDONGZHONG,YOUTONGZHOUGONGJI、FENGONGHEZUO、CIJIKUAILEDENGDUOZHONGQINGGANJIAOHUIYUXINZHONG。“WO”DEXINQINGSHICIJIKUAILEDE,BEITAMENDEWUSIREQINGSUOGANDONG,ZHENSHINANYIWANGHUAIA!

                            XIQIAN:KEWANG、SHIWANG、JINGXI、GANDONG;

                          牛牛游戏厅安卓,{原始关键词}   TUZHONG:QINGSONG、JIQIE、ZIYOU、TAOZUI;

                          牛牛游戏厅安卓,{原始关键词}   GUIHANG:REQING、KUAILE、CIJI、GANDONG。

                            TONGGUOSHULIQINGGANLUOJI,HAIYUANMAODUN,FENXIQINGLIMAODUN,WOMENLIJIELEHAOKANDEBUSHIXIBENSHEN,ERSHIKANXIRENDEQINGGAN。ZAI“KANSHEXI”“CHIDOU”GUOCHENGZHONG,“WO”GANSHOUDAOLEJIANGNANSHUIXIANGMIRENDEFENGGUANG,PINGQIAOCUNZIYOU、PINGDENGDEQIFEN,RENYURENZHIJIANHEXIE、QINMIDEGUANXI,ERZHEIYIQIEDOUSHI“WO”ZAI“NEIYEYIHOU”DECHENGZHENSHENGHUO、RENSHENGLVTUZHONGZAIYEBUCENGGANSHOUDAODE。SUOYISHEXIZHIMEI,BUZAIXIBENSHEN,ERZAIYUKANXIDEQINGJING,KANXIDEDUTEDEQINGGANTIYAN,DUITONGNIANSHENGHUODEMENGHUANXINGDEHUIYI。JIAOSHIYIZUOPINZHONGDEMAODUNDIANWEITUPOKOU,YINLINGXUESHENGZOUJINWENBENDEYUEDUJIAOXUE;YIBENKEWEILI,JIANGFAXIANBENKEZUIDADEMAODUNDIAN(HAOXIYUBUHAOKAN)ZUOWEITUPOKOU,YOUHUAKETANGSHEJI,JIAOXUEZHONGDIANWEIRAOSHEXIHAIYUAN“XIQIAN”“TUZHONG”“GUIHANG”SANGEQINGJING,LIJIEZUOZHEDUISHEXIDEDUTEQINGGAN,CONGERLINGWUDAO《SHEXI》DEZHUZHI。ZHEIJIUSHIMAODUNFENXIFA。

                            YOURU《MAITANWENG》YIWENZHONG:

                          牛牛游戏厅安卓,{原始关键词}   “KELIANSHENSHANGYIZHENGDAN,XINYOUTANJIANYUANTIANHAN。”

                            DALENGDETIAN,MAITANWENGZHICHUANYIJIANDANBODEYISHANG,SHUOMINGMAITANWENGYIPINKUNDAOMAIBUQIHOUSHIYIWULAIYUHANDECHENGDU,QINGLISHANGMAITANWENGSHIZUIKEWANGTIANQINUANHEDE,RANERTAQUE“YUANTIANHAN”,XIWANGTIANGENGLENGXIE。ZHEIJIUGOUCHENGQINGLIMAODUN。YINDAOXUESHENGQUFENXI,YINWEITIANNUAN,TANJIUBUHAOMAILE,TIANHAN,TANDEJIAGEJIUHUIGENGGAOYIXIE。WEILETANJIAGAOYIDIAN,TANINGYUANZIJISHOUDONG。ZHEIZHONGMAODUN、FANCHANGDEXINLISHENKEDIJIESHILEMAITANLAORENDEBEICANCHUJING。

                          牛牛游戏厅安卓,{原始关键词}   ZAIRU,ZAIJIAO“KELIAN”“GAODA”ZHEILIANGGECISHI,BAZHEILIANGGECIYUHAIYUANDAOWENBENZHONGBIJIAO,JIUXINGCHENGLEMAODUN:HANMAIERXIANSHENGDEQIANHOUCHAYIWEISHENMEZHEIMEDANI?YICIWEITUPOKOUSHENRUTANJIUWENBEN,JIUHUIFAXIANXIAOFULANSHIYANZHONGHANMAIERXIANSHENGDEXINGXIANGBIANHUAJITANEIXINZHUBUBEICHUDONG、BEIGANDONG,CONGERSHENGFAAIGUOZHIXINDEGUOCHENG。BIAOMIANDEMAODUN,CONGNEIXINQINGGANSHANGLAISHUOSHITONGYIDE,SHIDUIHANMAIERXIANSHENGAIGUOXINGXIANGGANWUBUDUANJIASHENDEGUOCHENG。

                            结语

                            ZONGZHI,ZAICHUZHONGYUWENJIAOXUEGUOCHENGZHONG,YUEDUSHISHIFENZHONGYAODEJIAOXUEHUANJIE。RANERYOUYUYUEDUJIAOXUEBENSHENJUYOU“QUEFATONGYIBIAOZHUN”“QUEFATONGYIZHIDAO”DENGQUEXIAN,YINCIZHANGQIYILAI,JIAOSHIZAIJIAOSHOUKEWENSHIBUNENGJIFAXUESHENGDEXINGQUBINGYINDAOXUESHENGJINRUWENBEN。ERYAOXIANGSHIXIANZHEIYIMUBIAO,JIAOSHIBIXUNULIJIANGMAODUNFENXIFARONGRUSHIJIANJIAOXUEZHONG。JIAOCAIZHONGHAIYOUHENDUOPIANWENZHANGDOUKEYIYONGZHEIYANGDEFANGFALAIJIEDU。JIAOSHIZHIYOUZHUAZHUYUEDUJIAOXUEDEGENBEN——YUYANWENZI,YIZI、CI、JUWEIJIEDUZUOPINJINGSHENDELUOJIQIDIAN,JIANGWENBENZHONGYUYI、QINGLIDEMAODUNDIANZUOWEITUPOKOU,SHENRUWENBENYUJIESHIMAODUNXIANGJIEHE,YINLINGXUESHENGZOUJINWENBEN,CAINENGZHENZHENGDIJIAOHUIXUESHENGYUEDU,ZHENZHENGDIRANGXUESHENGCONGYUEDUZHONGSHOUYI。

                            参考文献

                            [1] 谢海波.从语义学角度分析矛盾修辞手法[J].中小企业管理与科技(下旬刊),2009(02):154.
                            [2] 刘国鹏.矛盾分析法在小说阅读教学中的运用[J].语文教学通讯,2017(05):78-79.
                          牛牛游戏厅安卓,{原始关键词}   [3] 孙绍振.名作细读:微观分析个案研究[M].上海:上海教育出版社,2006.

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