牛牛游戏厅安卓,{原始关键词}

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                        • 当前位置: 代写一篇论文多少钱 > 社会哲学论文 > “气之聚散”诠释了审美关系的“生成”

                          “气之聚散”诠释了审美关系的“生成”

                          时间:2018-12-27 10:30作者:熊椰
                          本文导读:这是一篇关于“气之聚散”诠释了审美关系的“生成”的文章,张载认为:“知虚空即气,则有无、隐显、神化、性命通一无二,顾聚散、出入、形不形,能推本所从来,则深于易者也。”1“隐显”“有无”“出入”和“形不形”,在这里都具有与“聚散”相同的意义。

                            摘    要: 牛牛游戏厅安卓,{原始关键词}在张载的哲学逻辑中,“太虚”是散而未聚的“气”,万物是“气”在“聚散”过程中所表现的暂时形态。“聚散”是广义的“生成”,“动”与“静”、“化”与“变”、“神”与“神化”等都是“聚散”的范畴。“气之聚散”诠释了审美关系的生成,人通过“变化气质”成为审美主体,事物作用于人的感官,“感而生则聚而有象”,审美客体便当下生成。张载“气之聚散”思想为美学思考的生成视野提供了理论基础。

                            关键词:牛牛游戏厅安卓,{原始关键词} 张载; 气; 聚散; 审美关系; 生成;

                            Abstract:牛牛游戏厅安卓,{原始关键词} In Zhang Zai's philosophical logic,“Taixu”is the scattered and ungathered “Qi”,and everything is the temporary form of “Qi”in the process of “gathering and dispersing”. “Gathering and dispersing”is a broad sense of“generation”,and “movement”and “quietness”,“transformation”and “change”,“god”and“deification”are all categories of “gathering and dispersing”. “The gathering and dispersing of Qi”well interprets the formation of aesthetic relationship. People become the aesthetic subject through “changing temperament”,and things act on people's senses. “Feeling is born while gathering and resembling”,and aesthetic objects are generated at the moment. Zhang Zai's thought of “gathering and dispersing Qi”provides a theoretical basis for the generation of aesthetic thinking.

                            Keyword: Zhang Zai; Qi; gathering and dispersing; aesthetic relations; generation;

                            一、“聚散”是广义的“生成”

                            ZHANGZAIRENWEI:“ZHIXUKONGJIQI,ZEYOUWU、YINXIAN、SHENHUA、XINGMINGTONGYIWUER,GUJUSAN、CHURU、XINGBUXING,NENGTUIBENSUOCONGLAI,ZESHENYUYIZHEYE。”1“YINXIAN”“YOUWU”“CHURU”HE“XINGBUXING”,ZAIZHEILIDOUJUYOUYU“JUSAN”XIANGTONGDEYIYI。“TAIXU”YU“QI”JUYOULIANGZHONGYUNDONGXINGTAI:YISHI“JU”,JI“QI”NINGJUERCHENGYOUXINGDEWANWU;YISHI“SAN”,JI“QI”FENSANERHUIFUWEIWUXINGDE“TAIXU”。“TAIXUZHIQI”ZAIHUASHENGWANWUDEGUOCHENGZHONG,ZHANGZAITICHULE“JUSAN”ZHEIYIGUANGYIDE“SHENGCHENG”FANCHOU。

                            (一)“聚散”是运动变化的总形态

                          牛牛游戏厅安卓,{原始关键词}   ZAIZHANGZAIDESIXIANGZHONG,“JUSAN”SHIYUNDONGBIANHUADEZONGXINGTAI。BUTONGDEDUIXIANGYOUGEZHONGBUTONGDEYUNDONGXINGSHI,“DONGWUBENZHUTIAN,YIHUXIWEIJUSANZHIJIAN;ZHIWUBENZHUDI,YIYINYANGSHENGJIANGWEIJUSANZHIJIAN。”“QIYUREN,SHENGERBULI、SIERYOUSANZHEWEIHUN;JUCHENGXINGZHI,SUISIERBUSANZHEWEIPO。”DONGZHIWUYITIANDIWEIGENBEN,QIJUSANBIANHUADEXINGTAIFENBIEWEIHUYUXI、YINYUYANG;RENYIQIWEIGENBEN,QIJUSANBIANHUADEXINGTAIWEIHUNPO。HUYUXI、SHENGYUJIANGDENGDOUSHI“JUSAN”DEJUTIBIAOXIANXINGTAI,YINCIKEYISHUO,“JUSAN”SHIGUANGYIDE“SHENGCHENG”FANCHOU。

                            张载认为,“聚”与“散”的运动形式多样且遵循一定的规则。“天地之气,虽聚散、攻取百涂,然其为理也顺而不妄。”所以,“聚”与“散”是气有规则的存在形式,它们都遵循一定的规则而且顺而不忘。
                           

                          “气之聚散”诠释了审美关系的“生成”
                           

                            “JU”YU“SAN”FENSHUYUYIN、YANGBUTONGDESHUXING,TAMENSHIXIANGHUDUILIDE。“YINXINGNINGJU,YANGXINGFASAN;YINJUZHI,YANGBISANZHI,QISHIJUNSAN。YANGWEIYINLEI,ZEXIANGCHIWEIYUERJIANG;YINWEIYANGDE,ZEPIAOYANGWEIYUNERSHENG。GUYUNWUBANBUTAIXUZHE,YINWEIFENGQU,LIANJUERWEISANZHEYE。FANYINQININGJU,YANGZAINEIZHEBUDECHU,ZEFENJIERWEILEITING;YANGZAIWAIZHEBUDERU,ZEZHOUXUANBUSHEERWEIFENG;QIJUYOUYUANJINXUSHI,GULEIFENGYOUXIAODABAOHUAN。HEERSAN,ZEWEISHUANGXUEYULU;BUHEERSAN,ZEWEILIQIYEMAI;YINCHANGSANHUAN,SHOUJIAOYUYANG,ZEFENGYUDIAO,HANSHUZHENG。”CONGZHANGZAIDEZHEIXIESIXIANGZHONGKEYIKANCHU,“YIN”DESHUXINGSHININGJU,“YANG”DESHUXINGSHIFASAN,YINJUYANGSAN,HUXIANGDUILI。YEZHENGYINWEIYIN、YANGERQIYOUBUTONGDESHUXING,SUOYITIANDIWANWUCAINENGZAIJUSANZHONGCHENGXIANBUTONGXINGTAI。

                          牛牛游戏厅安卓,{原始关键词}   ZHANGZAIYERENWEI,“JU”YU“SAN”ZAIDUILIZHONGYEYOUTONGYIDEYIMIAN。“LIANGTIZHE,XUSHIYE,DONGJINGYE,JUSANYE,QINGZHUOYE,QIJIUYIERYI。”“ZHIXUKONGJIQI,ZEYOUWU、YINXIAN、SHENHUA、XINGMINGTONGYIWUER,GUJUSAN、CHURU、XINGBUXING,NENGTUIBENSUOCONGLAI,ZESHENYUYIZHEYE。”XUYUSHI,DONGYUJING,JUYUSAN,QINGYUZHUO,TAMENDOUSHIMAODUNDUILIDESHUANGFANG,DANYOUSHIYOUJIDETONGYITI,“QIJIUYIYE”。

                            (二)“聚散”的范畴

                            1.“动”与“静”

                            《ZHOUYI·XICICHUAN》YOU“YIYOUTAIJI,SHISHENGLIANGYI,LIANGYISHENGSIXIANG,SIXIANGSHENGBAGUA”DEHUA,JISHIJIANGSHIFA,YISHIJIANGYUZHOUDESHENGCHENG。ZHOUDUNYIZAI《TAIJITUSHUO》ZHONGZEYONGDONGJINGLAIJIESHI“TAIJI”RUHESHENG“LIANGYI”(YINYANG)DEWENTI“TAIJIDONGERSHENGYANG,DONGJIERJING,JINGERSHENGYIN,JINGJIFUDONG。YIDONGYIJING,HUWEIQIGEN”。ZHANGZAIFAHUILEZHOUDUNYIDEZHEIGESIXIANG。

                            SHOUXIAN,ZHANGZAIRENWEIDONGJINGSHIXIANGHUDUIDAIDE。“TIANDIZHIDAO,WEIYOURIYUE、HANSHUZHIWANGLAI,QUSHEN、DONGJINGLIANGDUANERYI。”“QUSHEN、DONGJING、ZHONGSHIGEZIBIE。”“DONGJING”YU“QUSHEN”“ZHONGSHI”YIYANG,SHIXIANGHUDUIDAIDE“LIANGDUAN”。TAYOURUBIMENYUKAIMEN,“HEHU,JINGMIYE;PIHU,DONGDAYE”。

                          牛牛游戏厅安卓,{原始关键词}   QICI,ZHANGZAIRENWEIDONGJINGDUIDAISHUANGFANGSHITONGYIDE。“QUSHEN、DONGJING、ZHONGSHIGEZIZE,JINYIGANGROUYANZHI,GANGHECHANGWUJING,ROUHECHANGWUDONG,‘KUNZHIROUERDONGYEGANG’,ZEROUYIYOUGANG,JINGYIYOUDONG,DANJUYITI,ZEYOUQUSHEN、DONGJING、ZHONGSHI,GANXINGBUWANG,ZEKUNSHUNBISHIYE。”“TUANYUE:‘ZHONGZEYOUSHI,TIANXINGYE。’TIANXINGHECHANGYOUXI?ZHENGYIJING,YOUHEQICHENG?CIDONGSHIJINGZHONGZHIDONG,JINGZHONGZHIDONG,DONGERBUQIONG,YOUYOUSHENSHOUWEIQIMIE?ZIYOUTIANDIYILAIYIQIYUJIN,GAIWEIJINGERDONG。”GANGJIANWEI“YANG”,“YANG”WEI“DONG”,ER“HECHANGWUJING”,JI“DONG”ZHONGYOU“JING”;ROUSHUNWEI“YIN”,“YIN”WEI“JING”,ER“HECHANGWUDONG”,JI“JING”ZHONGYOU“DONG”。YINER,ROUSHUNYOUGANG,“JING”YIYOU“DONG”。“DONGJING”HUSHENHUDONG,WU“JING”YIWUSUOWEI“DONG”,WU“DONG”YIWUSUOWEI“JING”。YINWEI“DONG”ERWU“JING”,“DONG”BIANWUYIYI;“JING”ERWU“DONG”,“JING”YIWUJIAZHI。ZHIYOU“DONG”ZHONGYOU“JING”,“JING”ZHONGYOU“DONG”,XIANGHUYUNHAN,XIANGHULIANXI,CAINENGSHI“DONGJING”WUQIONG。

                            2.“化”与“变”

                          牛牛游戏厅安卓,{原始关键词}   SHIWUDEYUNDONGBIANHUADUOZHONGDUOYANG,DANGUIJIEQILAIDAZHIYOULIANGZHONGZHUANGTAI:YISHIWEIXIAODE、BUXIANZHEDEBIANHUA,SHISHIWUZAILIANGBIANGUOCHENGZHONGSUOCHENGXIANDEZHUANGTAI;YISHIXIANZHEDIBIANHUA,SHISHIWUZAIZHIBIANGUOCHENGZHONGBIAOXIANDEZHUANGTAI。ZHANGZAIBAQIANYIZHONGBIANHUAZHUANGTAICHENGZHIWEI“HUA”,BAHOUYIZHONGBIANHUAZHUANGTAICHENGZHIWEI“BIAN”。TASHUO:“BIAN,YANQIZHE;HUA,YANQIJIAN。”CONGZHEIGEBIAODALAIKAN,“BIAN”HE“HUA”SHIYUNDONGBIANHUAGUOCHENGZHONGDELIANGZHONGBUTONGXINGTAI,SUOYOUDEDONGTAIGUOCHENGDOUSHIHUANMANDEHUA,XUNSUDEBIANBIANSHIHUADEJIEGUO。“HUA”SHIYIZHONGHUANMANDE,BUYIKANJIANDEYUNDONGXINGSHI。TASHUO:“TUIXINGYOUJIANWEIHUA。”YOUSHUO:“DEPUERHUA,YANHUAWUYE,YIQISHANSHIJISHIHUAYE。SHANQISHEN,ZIHUAYE;JIANSHANTIANXIA,ZESHIHUAWUYE;ZHIHUAZESHIDE。HUA,SHENGRENZIHUAYE。HUAZHIKUANGWEI,ZAIXUEZHEWEIYIJIANYAN,DANYOUCICIXU。”“SHANQISHEN”YU“JIANSHANTIANXIA”DOUSHIYIZHONGMANMANDEBIAN,YINCISHI“ZIHUA”YU“HUAWU”DEYIGEGUOCHENG。“BIAN”SHIYIZHONGXUNSU、XIANZHEDEBIANHUAXINGSHI,ZHANGZAICHENGQIWEI“ZHE”。TASHUO:“SUIYAOXIANGZHIBIANHUAYITONGQILI,GUGONGYEJIANYE。”“BIAN”SHINENGJIANDAODEBIANHUA。

                            “HUA”YU“BIAN”SHIYUNDONGDEXINGTAI,BUGUANSHIHUANMANDEHAISHIXIANZHEDEBIANHUA,ZAIZHANGZAIKANLAI,DOUSHIKEYANZHIXINGXIANG,JI“YOUXINGYOUXIANG,RANHOUZHIBIANHUAZHIYAN”。“BIAN”YU“HUA”JIXIANGHUQUBIEYOUYOULIANXI,“JIANHUA”SHI“ZHEBIAN”DEZHUNBEI,MEIYOU“JIANHUA”BIANBUHUIFASHENG“ZHEBIAN”;“ZHEBIAN”SHI“JIANBIAN”DEBIRANFAZHAN,ZAI“JIANBIAN”DEJICHUSHANGSHIXIANDE。TASHUO:“‘BIANZEHUA’,YOUCURUJINGYE;‘HUAERCAIZHIWEIZHIBIAN’,YIZHEXIANWEIYE。”ZAIMEICIDE“ZHEBIAN”YIHOU,JIUJINRUDAO“JIANHUA”JIEDUAN,CONGBIAOMIANSHANGKANJIUSHIYOUDABIAN(“CU”)ZHUANHUAWEIJINGWEIDE“JIANHUA”JIEDUAN;JINGWEIDE“JIANHUA”,DAOLEYIDINGDESHIQIYOUZHUANHUAWEIJIEDUANXINGDEBIANHUA,ZHEIBIANSHI“JIANHUA”DAO“ZHEBIAN”DEJIEDUAN。SHIWUDEFAZHANDOUSHIYOU“JIAN”DAO“ZHE”,YOU“WEI”DAO“XIAN”DE。

                            3.“神”与“神化”

                            ZAIZHONGGUOWENHUAZHONG,“SHEN”SHIYIGEGULAOERSHENMIDEZIYAN。“SHEN”DEJIBENHANYIZHIYISHIZHIZIRANBIANHUADESHENAO,LINGRENNANYIZHUOMOHELIJIE。LIDAISIXIANGJIADUI“SHEN”DEJIESHIYOUHENDUO,QIZHONGXUNZIDEJIESHIZUIWEIJINGDIAN:“WANWUJIEDEQIHEYISHENG,GEDEQIYANGYICHENG,BUJIANQISHIERJIANQIGONG,FUSHIZHIWEISHEN。”2ZHEILIXUNZISUOJIESHIDE“SHEN”,BUSHIJIANDAN、PINGCHANGDEZIRANJIEDEBIANHUA,TASUOWEI“BUJIANQISHIERJIANQIGONG,FUSHIZHIWEISHEN”,WOMENNENGLIJIEDAODEDAYISHISHUORENMENNENGJIANDAOYIBANDEZIRANJIEYUNDONGBIANHUADEJIEGUO,DANDUIYUZIRANJIESHENGCHENGWANSHIWANWUDEQIMIAOGUOCHENGQUENANYIGUANCEDEDAO;XUNZIDE“SHEN”DEHANYIYUMENGZIDE“DAERHUAZHIZHIWEISHENG,SHENGERBUKEZHIZHIWEISHEN”3,《YICHUAN》ZHONGDE“YINYANGBUCEZHIWEISHEN”DEHANYISHIXIANGSIDE。ZHANGZAIDUI“SHEN”DEJIESHI,JIBENSHANGSHISHUNZHEXUNZIHEMENGZIDEGUANDIAN,TEBIESHI《YICHUAN》ZHONGLUN“SHEN”DESILU,DANYEYOUZIJIDEGUANDIANHEFAHUI。

                          牛牛游戏厅安卓,{原始关键词}   ZHANGZAIZHEZUOZHONGYOUHENDUOYOUGUAN“SHEN”DELUNSHUOHEBIAOSHU,ZAIQI《ZHENGMENG·TAIHE》ZHONG,RU“TAIXUWEIQING,QINGZEWUAI,WUAIGUSHEN”“GUISHENZHE,ERQIZHILIANGNENGYE”“WANWUXINGZHE,SHENZHIZAOPO”DENGDENG。ZAI《ZHENGMENG·SHENHUA》ZHONG,RU“XUMINGYIZUOJING。ZHAOJIAN,SHENZHIMINGYE;WUYUANJINYOUSHEN,LIYONGCHURU,SHENZHICHONGSAIWUJIANYE”“TIANXIAZHIDONG,SHENGUZHIYE,CIBUGUWUZEBUZUYIJINSHEN”“QIYOUYINYANG,TUIXINGYOUJIANWEIHUA,HEYIBUCEWEISHEN”“WEISHENWEINENGBIANHUA,YIQIYITIANXIAZHIDONGYE”DENGDENG。“SHEN”ZHEIGEZIYANZAIZHANGZAIZHEXUEPIANZHANGZHONGHANYIBUYI,XUYAOBATAMENFANGZAIJUTIYUJUZHIZHONGQUTIHUI、LINGWU。

                            DANGZHANGZAIBA“SHEN”CHENGWEI“TIANDE”“BENTI”,YONG“SHEN”LAIBIAODA“QI”DEZIJUENENGDONGXINGTEZHENGDESHIHOU,ZUOWEI“QIHUA”GENYUANDE“SHEN”,QIGENBENHANYISHIJISHANGRENGRANHAISHI“QIHUA”DENEIZAIGENJU,TASHIBURONGYIGUANCHAHECELIANGDE。《ZHENGMENG·SHENHUA》ZHEIYANGKAIPIAN:“SHEN,TIANDE,HUA,TIANDAO。DE,QITI,DAO,QIYONG,YIYUQIERYI。”SHENHEHUAZAITIYONGGUANXIZHONGSHILIANGGEBUTONGDECENGMIAN,SHENSHI“TI”,SHIBENTICENGMIANDE,ERHUASHI“YONG”,SHISHENDEBIAOXIAN、ZUOYONG。

                          牛牛游戏厅安卓,{原始关键词}   “SHEN”HE“HUA”SHIZHANGZAIZHEXUEHUAYUZHONGDEYIDUIHEXINGAINIAN。GUANYU“SHEN”HE“HUA”DEGUANXI,ZHANGZAIYOUHENDUODELUNSHU:“XINGERSHANGZHE,DECISIDEXIANGYI。SHENWEIBUCE,GUHUANCIBUZUYIJINSHEN,HUANZEHUAYI;HUAWEINANZHI,GUJICIBUZUYITIHUA,JIZEFANSHEN。”“YIYIFANJINGWEIBEN,JINGZHENGZEJING;RENYIDUNHUAWEISHEN,HUAXINGZEXIAN。YIRUSHEN,DONGYIJINGYE;RENDUNHUA,JINGYIDONGYE。RENDUNHUAZEWUTI,YIRUSHENZEWUFANG。”CONGQIANYICAILIAOKAN,“SHEN”GEN“HUA”YOUJIHUANZHIBIE,ZHEISIHUSHIYIZHONGLIANGDEQUBIE。CONGHOUYICAILIAOKAN,ERZHEZHIJIANYOUCHENGLEDONGJINGZHIBIE。JUTIDISHUO,“RENDUNHUA”,RENSHUJING,YOURENERHUA,SHIJINGERZHIDONG;“YIRUSHEN”,ZESHIDONGERGUIZHUJING。“WEISHENWEINENGBIANHUA,YIQIYITIANXIAZHIDONGYE”,YOU“TIANXIAZHIDONG,SHENGUZHIYE”,SHENJIRANBUCE,WUFANGWUTI,DANTONGSHIYOUNENG“GUTIANXIAZHIDONG”。ERZHENGYINWEITIANXIAZHIDONGDOUSHISHENLAIGUDONGDE,SUOYISHUOSHENNENG“YITIANXIAZHIDONG”。

                            ZAIZHANGZAIDESIXIANGZHONG,HAIYOUXUDUOYU“JUSAN”GONGNENGXIANGSIDEYUNDONGXINGTAI,RU:“SHENG”YU“MIE”、“HU”YU“XI”、“SHENG”YU“JIANG”DENG,ZHEILIJIUBUYIYIZHANKAILUNSHU。ZHANGZAIDUI“JUSAN”FANCHOUZUOLEQUANMIANXITONGDELUNSHU,WEIQIANRENSUOBUJI。WULUNSHIRENLEIZONGTISHENGCUNQIZHONGDESHIJIE,HAISHIGANXINGGETISHENGCUNQIZHONGDESHIJIE,DOUBUSHIGUDINGBUQIANDEJUSUOHEYONGJIUTINGLIUDEGUISU,BUSHIYUXIANBAIZAINEILIDENGHOURENQUQIXIDESHITISHIJIE,ERSHIFENZHITALAI、BIANDONGBUJUDESHIJIJINGYU,SHIZAIRENDESHIJIANZHONGBUDUANGAIBIAN、BUDUANXIANGRENSHENGCHENGDESHIJIE。RENYUSHIJIEDEGUANXIYEBUSHIGUDINGBUBIANDEGUANXI,ERSHIBUDUANSHENGCHENGDEGUANXI。YINCI,RENSHENGZAISHIYEHAO,SHIJIANYEHAO,CUNZAIYEHAO,GENBENTEXINGDOUSHIZAI“SHENGCHENG”。

                            二、“气之聚散”诠释了审美关系的“生成”

                            ZHANGZAIYONG“QI”HE“TAIXU”DEJUSANQUANSHILERENHETIANDIWANWUDEZIRANERRAN、YIKEBUZHIDESHENGCHENGGUOCHENG。“YOUQIFENRAO,HEERCHENGZHIZHE,SHENGRENWUZHIWANSHU;QIYINYANGLIANGDUANXUNHUANBUYIZHE,LITIANDIZHIDAYI。”QIJUHEERCHENGZHI,HUASHENGGEZHONGGEYANGDESHIWU。NEIMERENSHIZENYANGCHANSHENGDENI?ZHANGZAISHUO:“XUZESHOU,YINGZEKUI,YINYANGZHIYIYE。GUYINDEYANGZEWEIYI,YIQIXUYE;YANGDEYINZEWEISUN,YIQIYINGYE。GENSANSUOERDENAN,QIANDAOZHISUOYICHENGYE;DUISANSUOERDENV,KUNDAOZHISUOYICHENGYE。GUSANZHIYUSHANG,YOUTIANDIMIYINYUN、NANNVGOUJINGZHIYIZHECIYE。”“YINYANG”XIANGHUZUOYONG,YINXUYANGSHI,YANGSHIYINSHOU,TIANDIYINYUN,CHENGNANCHENGNV,NANNVGOUJING,BIANYOURENLEIDECHANSHENG。YOUYU“QI”DEJUSANYUNDONG,CONGZIRANJIEDAORENLEIBIANHUASHENGLE。

                          牛牛游戏厅安卓,{原始关键词}   CHUANTONGRENSHILUNSIKAOFANGSHIRENWEI,RENSHIXIANCHENGDESHENMEIZHUTI,ZHUTIDUIKETIDEXINSHANGGUANXIJIUSHISHENMEIGUANXI,ZUOWEIZHUTIDEREN,LINGLVEGUANSHANGZHETIANDIWANWUZHEIXIEKETI,CISHI,RENYUTIANDIWANWUDEGUANXIJIUSHISHENMEIGUANXI,ZHEIZHONGSHENMEIGUANXISHIJISHANGSHIMEIYOUBENYUANDE,JINGBUQITUICE,RENWEISHENMENENGCHENGWEISHENMEIZHUTI?TIANDIWANWUYOUWEISHENMECHENGWEISHENMEIKETINI?ZHUGUANGQIANXIANSHENGCENGDUOCIJULISHUO,TONGSHIYIKESHU,SHANGRENKANCHENGZHUANQIANDEZHILIAO,ZHIWUJIAKANCHENGYOULIANGSHUZHONG,DAODEJIAKANCHENGGONGGONGCAIWU,YISHUJIAKANCHENGSHIYIDUIXIANG4。SUOYI,MEIYOUYIGEYIZHIDOUCHUYUSHENMEIZHUANGTAIDEZHUTI,MEIYOUYIGESHIZHONGCHUZAISHENMEIDUIXIANGDEZHUANGTAI。TONGYANG,RENYUSHIJIEDEGUANXIBUXIANYUSHENMEIDEGUANXI,BUKENENGSHIZHONGCHUZAISHENMEIDEGUANXIZHUANGTAI。SHENMEIGUANXIZAIRENSHENGZAISHIDESHIJIJINGYUZHONGDANGXIASHENGCHENG。

                            (一)“变化气质”———审美主体的生成

                            ZHANGZAIYI“QI”WEIBENTI,TICHULE“TIANDIZHIXING”HE“QIZHIZHIXING”DERENXINGLUN。“XINGERHOUYOUQIZHIZHIXING,SHANFANZHIZETIANDIZHIXINGCUNYAN。GUQIZHIZHIXING,JUNZIYOUFUXINGZHEYAN”。“QIZHIZHIXING”SHIYOUYURENBINGSHOUYINYANGERQI,ZAIXINGCHENGGUOCHENGZHONGSHITIBENSHENSUODAILAIDESHUXING,SUOYITASHIEDELAIYUAN;YINWEIMEIYIGERENDESHENTI、XINLITIAOJIANBUYIYANG,SUOYI“QIZHIZHIXING”SHIQIANCHAWANBIEDE,QIENENGFAZHANBIANHUADE;SUOWEI“TIANDIZHIXING”,JIUSHIQIBENXING,RENZAIQISHANGWEIJUHEXINGCHENGXINGTIZHIQIAN,QINGQIYICUNZAI,ZHEIBIANSHI“TIANDIZHIXING”,SHISHANDELAIYUAN。TAQINGCHEWUXIA,TA“WUYISHI”SHENGCHENGWANWU,DUIWANWUHAOWUZHANQUZHIXIN,GENGMEIYOUZISHIYOUGONGZHIXIN,“TIANBENWUXIN,JIQISHENGCHENGWANWU,ZEXUGUIGONGYUTIAN,YUE:CITIANDIZHIRENYE。”TAHELAOZIDE“DAO”JUYOUYIYANGDEPINXING,QISHENGCHENGWANWUZHISHIQIYINYANGXIANGTUI,YINYUNXIANGDANGDEYUNDONGBENNENGSUODAOZHIDE。“SHENGERFUYOU,WEIERFUSHI,YIZHANGERFUZAI。CIZHIWEIXUANDE。”5TONGSHI“TIANDIZHIXING”SHIYIWUXIANDE“TAIXU”WEIYUANTOU,JUYOU“TAIXU”DEBENXING,TAYIJUTIDEYOUXIANDEGANXINGSHIWUZUOWEIBIAOXIANXINGSHI,TABENSHENJIUSHIWUXIAN,TADE“XIN”WUXIANBAORONGWANWU,TADUIJUTIDESHIWUMEIYOURENHEDEZHANQUZHIXIN,JUYOULECHAOGONGLIXINGDETEXING,ZHEIYESHICHENGWEISHENMEIZHUTIDETIAOJIAN。ER“QIZHIZHIXING”ZEQIAGANGHAOXIANGFAN,SHOUXIAN,“QIZHIZHIXING”CHANSHENGYUJUTIDEYOUXIANDEGANXINGCUNZAI,JUTIJIURENLAISHUO,CHANSHENGYURENDEERMUKOUBIDENGDEGANXINGZHIJUE,JI“QIZHI”———“QICHENGZHI,ZEQININGZHIERJUYUXING”6“QIZHIZHIXING”DEYOUXIANXINGYIDINGCHENGDUSHANGQUJUEYUERMUKOUBICUNZAIDEYOUXIANXINGZHEIYITEDIAN;QICI,“QIZHIZHIXING”YOUQIZISHENDEFEIZIYOUXINGHEJUXIANXING,YINWEITASHIYOUSUODUIDAI,YOUSUOYICUNDE;ZAICI,“QIZHIZHIXING”DEZHIXIANGJUYOUGONGLIXING,“TIANDIZHIXING”DEZHIXIANGSHIWUXIANDE“TAIXU”,“TAIXU”SHICHUNJINGWUXIADE,ER“QIZHIZHIXING”DEZHIXIANGSHIJUTIYOUXIANDE“SHENGYIN”“SHIWU”“QIWEI”DENG,ZHEIYIZHIXIANGJUEDINGLETAJUYOUGONGLIXINGDEZHANQUZHIXIN。YINCI,QIZHIZHIXINGBUJUYOU“SHENMEIZHUTI”DETEZHENG。CONG“QIZHIZHIXING”HE“TIANDIZHIXING”DUIKETIDETAIDUKEYIKANCHU,YOUGONGLIXINDE“QIZHIZHIXING”SHIFEISHENMEIDE,ERCHUNCUIDE“TIANDIZHIXING”SHITONGXIANGSHENMEIDE7。

                          牛牛游戏厅安卓,{原始关键词}   RENDELISHIJIUSHIRENDESHENGCHENGSHI,JIUSHI“RENLEIBENXINGDEBUDUANGAIBIAN”DELISHI8。YIZHAOZHANGZAIDERENXINGLUNSIXIANG,RENSHI“TIANDIZHIXING”YU“QIZHIZHIXING”DETONGYITI。CONGMEIXUELAIKAN,RENJIUSHIYIGESHENMEIZHUTIYUFEISHENMEIZHUTIDETONGYITI。RENSHIYIGEYOULIXINGDEDONGWU,NEIZENYANGCAINENGCHENGWEISHENMEIDEZHUTIER“TITIANXIAWANWU”,ZHANGZAITICHU“BIANHUAQIZHI”DEYAOQIU:“WEIXUEDAYI,ZAIZI(NENG)[QIU]BIANHUAQIZHI,BUER[JIEWEIRENZHIBI],[YI]ZUWUSUOFAMING,BUDEJIANSHENGRENZHIAO。GUXUEZHEXIANXUBIANHUAQIZHI,BIANHUAQIZHIYUXUXINXIANGBIAOLI。”“QIZHIBUKEBIANZHE,DUSISHENG,XIUYAOERYI。”

                            ZHANGZAIRENWEI,“BIANHUAQIZHI”DEFANGFASHOUXIANSHIXUXINXUEXI。“RUQIZHIEZHE,XUEJINENGYI,JINRENSUOYIDUOWEIQISUOSHIERBUDEWEIXIANZHE,GAIWEIBUZHIXUE。”XUENENGYIYIQIXING,ZHEIBIANSHI“WEIXUEDAYI”HE“XUXINXIANGBIAOLI”DEYISI,JIAOZUO“BIXUEZHIYURUTIANZENENGCHENGXING”。RENDEXINGMEIZIRANJIUHAOXUE,HAOXUEQUEBUYIDINGDOUXINGMEI,DANSHIXUELEKEYIYOUSUOGAIBIAN。“XINGMEIERBUHAOXUEZHEWUZHI,HAOXUEERXINGBUMEIZHEYOUZHI,GAIXIANGSHANJIBIANSHIXINGMEIYE,XINGBUMEIZEXUEDEYIZHUANLE。”

                            QICI,“BIANHUAQIZHI”HAIYAOTONGGUO“JINXIN”“ZHIXING”DENEISHENGXIUXINGFANGFAQUSHIXIAN。“DAQIXINZENENGTITIANXIAZHIWU,WUYOUWEITI,ZEXINWEIYOUWAI。SHIRENZHIXIN,ZHIYUWENJIANZHIXIA。SHENGRENJINXING,BUYIJIANWENGUQIXIN,QISHITIANXIAWUYIWUFEIWO,MENGZIWEIJINXINZEZHIXINGZHITIANYICI。TIANDAWUWAI,GUYOUWAIZHIXINBUZUYIHETIANXIN。JIANWENZHIZHI,NAIWUJIAOERZHI,FEIDEXINGSUOZHI;DEXINGSUOZHI,BUMENGYUJIANWEN。”ZHANGZAIDE“JINXIN”SHIZHIJUEDE“JINXIN”,MEIYOUBEIYANJIANERTINGYINGXIANGHESHUFU,DADAO“ZHIXINGZHITIAN”。YILIXINGDESIWEIQU“TITIANXIAZHIWU”,RENJIUDADAOLEBENYUANDEGAODU,CONGERJIEJUELEERMUYOUXIANYUWANWUWUQIONGZHIJIANDEMAODUN,TUOLILEYOUXIANBUZIYOUDEZHUANGTAIERDADAOWUXIANZIYOUDEJINGJIE。DANGRENJINRUZHEIYIJINGJIESHI,YEJIUCHENGLEYIGESHENMEIDEREN,RENXINYEJIUDENGTONGYUTIANXINLE。

                            (二)“感而生则聚而有象”———审美客体的生成

                            ZHUGUANGQIANXIANSHENGSHUO:“MEIGANDESHIJIECHUNCUISHIYIXIANGSHIJIE。”9TARENWEISHENMEIDUIXIANG(“MEI”)SHI“YIXIANG”。“YIXIANG”SHIZHONGGUOCHUANTONGMEIXUEDEYIGEHEXINGAINIAN,“YIXIANG”ZHIBENWEI“XIANG”。“XIANG”JISHIYIXIANGZHIBEN,YESHIMEIZHIBEN,WUXIANGZEWUMEI。ZAIZHANGZAIQIBENTILUNZHONG,“XIANG”ZHEIGEGAINIANSHIFENZHONGYAO,JUYOUSHIFENSHENKEDEMEIXUEYIWEI。“QIBENZHIXUZEZHAN(BEN)[YI][ER]WUXING,GANERSHENGZEJUERYOUXIANG。”“QI”BENWUXING,YOUYU“QI”ZHONGLIANGTIXIANG“GAN”,BIANJUERYOUXINGXIANG,MEIBIANDANGXIASHENGCHENG。

                            1.“象”的含义及特征

                            ZAIZHANGZAIDESIXIANGZHONG,YOUHENDUOLUNJI“XIANG”DEHANYIDEDIFANG,RU“JI(LIANGLIANG),SHIWEITIANSAN。SHUSUISAN,QISHIYIYE,XIANGCHENGERWEIXINGYE”。ZAIJIESHI“YAOXIANGDONGHUNEI,JIXIONGJIANHUWAI”SHI,TASHUO:“YINYAOXIANGZHIJIDONG,MINGJIXIONGYUWEIXING,GUYUE‘YAOXIANGDONGHUNEI,JIXIONGJIANHUWAI’。”DUIYU“XIANG”,《ZHANGZAIJI》ZHONGHAIYOUJICHUZHONGYAODELUNSHU:“SUOWEIQIYEZHE,FEIDAIQIZHENGYUNINGJU,JIEYUMUERHOUZHIZHI;GOUJIAN、SHUN、DONG、ZHI、HAORAN、ZHANRANZHIDEYAN,JIEKEMINGZHIXIANGER。RANZEXIANGRUOFEIQI,ZHIHEWEIXIANG?SHIRUOFEIXIANG,ZHIHEWEISHI?”“FANKEZHUANG,JIEYOUYE;FANYOU,JIEXIANGYE;FANXIANG,JIEQIYE。QIZHIXINGBENXUERSHEN,ZESHENYUXINGNAIQISUOGUYOU,CIGUISHENSUOYITIWUERBUKEYIYE。(SHEQI,YOUXIANGFOU?FEIXIANG,YOUYIFOU?)”“YOU[BIAN]ZEYOUXIANG,RUQIANJIANKUNSHUN,YOUCIQIZEYOUCIXIANGKEDEERYAN;RUOWUZEZHIWUERYI,WEIZHIHEERKE?SHIWUKEDEMING……RUOYIERMUSUOJIQIULI,ZEANDEJIN!RUYANJIRANZHANRANYIXUYOUCIXIANG。YOUQIFANGYOUXIANG,SUIWEIXING,BUHAIXIANGZAIQIZHONG。”KEJIAN,ZHANGZAISUOSHUODEDAOSHIQIHUA,CIQIWEIXIANG,SHANGWEICHENGXING,BUSHIYIZHONGWULIDESHIZAI,“YOUBIANZEYOUXIANG”“YOUQIFANGYOUXIANG”。

                          牛牛游戏厅安卓,{原始关键词}   ZAIMEIXUEKANLAI,SHENMEIYIXIANGSHIZAISHENMEIHUODONGDEGUOCHENGZHONG,TONGGUOGANZHIHETIYANDUIXIANGZAIRENTOUNAOZHONGXINGCHENGDEXINGXIANGXIANXIAN,TABUSHISHITIDECUNZAI。“XING”SHIYOUXING,DAIYOUXIANCHENGXING,SHISHITIDECUNZAI,SUOYI,“XIANG”HE“XING”SHIBUTONGDE。ZHANGZAISHUO:“JIZHEXIANGJIANERWEIXINGYE,XINGZESHEHUMING,BUDAISHENERHOUZHIYE。”ZHANGZAIYONG“XIANGJIANERWEIXINGYE”LAISHUOMINGSHIWUBIANHUADESHUNJIAN,KEYIKANCHUXIANGBUTONGYUYICHENGXINGDESHIWU。YINCI,“XIANQIEYIN”JIUSHIXIANGDEYIGEMINGXIANTEZHENGLE,“XIAN,QIJUYE;YIN,QISANYE。XIANQIEYIN,YOUMINGSUOYICUNHUXIANG;JUQIESAN,TUIDANGSUOYIMIAOHUSHEN”。YUZHOUJIANWANWUZHIYOUYOUXINGZHEHEWUXINGZHELIANGZHONGCUNZAIXINGTAI。XINGSHIYOUQIJIJUXINGCHENGDE,ERQIEZAIBUTINGDIBIANHUA,YINCIZHINENGCHENGZHIWEI“KE”;DANSHIYOUQIJIJUERXINGCHENGDEXINGYINWEIQIDEXIAOSANERXIAOSHI,YEBINGBUJIUSHIKONGHEWU。SUOYI,XIAOSANZHINENGSHUOSHI“YOUMING”,BUNENGSHUOCHENGSHI“YOUWU”。“DAYIBUYANYOUWU,YANYOUWU,ZHUZIZHILOUYE。”

                          牛牛游戏厅安卓,{原始关键词}   SUOYIJIXIANYOUYIN、JIYOUYOUMINGSHIXIANGDEMINGXIANTEZHENG,TABUTONGYUWUXINGDEQI,YEBUTONGYUYIJINGCHENGXINGDESHIWU。XIANGSHIYIGEWAIYANHENDADEGAINIAN,YOUXINGWUZIRANSHIXIANG,DANSHIXIANGBUYIDINGSHIYOUXINGWU,ZHANGZAIDUIYUCHUNCUIDEXIANGDELIJIEQISHISHIJIEJINYU“YI”DE。“YI”JISHIWOMENTOUNAOZHONGDENIANTOUHUOZHESHUOSHIGENGJIAGUANGYIDEYIYI,ZHEIZHONGNIANTOUHUOYIYIZIRANSHIXIANG,ZHEIYITEDIANXIANRANHEYIXIANGXIANGTONG,YIXIANGSHUYUZHONGGUOGUDIANMEIXUEZHONGDEFANCHOU,“XIANGWAIZHIXIANG”SHIZHONGGUOGUDIANMEIXUEZHONGDUIYIXIANGDEJIBENDINGXING,JIYAOZAIYOUXIANDEXINGXIANGZHONGKUIJIANCHUWUXIANFENGFUDEYIYUNLAI。SUOYIXIANGDEJIXIANYOUYINDETEXINGCUJINLEYIXIANGYOUXIANYUWUXIAN、XINGXIANGYUYIYUNRONGHEDETEDIAN。

                            QISHITONGGUANXINGHEXIANG,TONGSHIYESHITONGGUANXINGSHANGHEXINGXIADE。QISHIYIZHONGSHITICUNZAI,YIXIANGSHIJIESHIYIGEZHENSHIDESHIJIE。ZAIWANGFUZHIKANLAI,YIXIANGSHIJIESHI“XIANLIANG”,“XIANLIANG”SHI“XIANXIANZHENSHI”“RUSUOCUNERXIANZHI”,ZAIYIXIANGSHIJIEZHONG,SHIJIEJIUSHIZIRANDEZHUANGTAI,BENLAIDEYANGZI。ZAIZHONGGUOMEIXUEDESIXIANGZHONG,“ZHENSHI”HE“ZIRAN”SHIYIGEYISI,SUOYIWOMENDESHIJIEYUANBENSHIZIRANDESHIJIE,RENYUWANWUHEXIERONGHEZAIYIQI,SHI“TIANDIYUWOBINGSHENG,WANWUYUWOWEIYI”DEYUANSHIZHUANGTAI,SHITIANRENHEYIDESHIJIE。

                            2.“感”与审美意象的当下生成

                            ZIGU,ZAIZHONGGUORENDESHENMEIXINLIZHONG,TIANDIZIRANJIUXIANGRENYIYANGCHONGMANLESHENGMINGHUOLI,TIANDILINGQI、YUZHOUSHENGJININGJUYUREN,GUANZHUZAIRENDESHENGMINGLI,SUOYIRENKEYIYUYUZHOUWANWUXIANGGANTONG、XIANGHUYING,“SHANGYUZAOWUZHEYOU,ERXIAYUWAISISHENGWUZHONGSHIZHEWEIYOU”(《ZHUANGZI·TIANXIA》)。ZHEISHIZHUTIYUKETIJIAOGANDETIYAN,ZAIZHEIZHONGZHEXUEJICHUZHIDAOXIADESHENMEILILUNBUKENENGCHANSHENGZHUTIYUKETIDUILIDERENSHILUN。MEIGANBUSHIRENSHI,ERSHITIYAN。“TIYAN”SHIYIZHONGGENSHENGMING、SHENGCUN、SHENGHUOMIQIEGUANLIANDEJINGLI。

                            “JIAOGAN”SHIZHONGGUOZHEXUEHEMEIXUETIYANLUNDEJICHU。DUI“JIAOGAN”KEYICONGLIANGGEFANGMIANLAILIJIE,YISHIGANXING,DANGKEGUANSHIWUZUOYONGYURENDEGANGUANSHI,RENDEQINGGANYINWUERJIFACHULAI,YINCIYECHENG“WUGAN”HUO“GANWU”。TAZUICHUSHIYIZHONGZIRANDESHENMEILILUN。ERSHIGANHUI,QIANGDIAOZHUKETISHUANGFANGSHUANGXIANGJIANGOU,ZHUTIYUKETIXIANGHUGANYINGHUIHEZUOYONG,KETIDONGQINGYUREN,ZHUTIYIQINGYUWU。LIANGZHEXIANGHUZUOYONG,ZUIHOU“WUWOLIANGWANG”。

                            “ZHANGZAIDUI‘GAN’DEYUNYONGDAZHITIXIANZAISANGECENGMIAN:CHUNRANZHI‘GAN’(JITIANDIZHIQIANKUN、YINYANGERDUANZHIGAN)、ZUIRANZHI‘GAN’(JIRENYUWUZHIJIANDEERMUYINQU、NEIWAIXIANGHEZHIGAN)、SHENHUAZHI‘GAN’(JIZHIYOUSHENGRENFANGNENGDAZHIDEQIONGSHENZHIHUA、TIANRENWEIYIZHIGAN)。”10ZHEIYIGAINIANDESHIYONGYOUQILEIXINGSHANGDEQUFEN,SANGECENGMIANZHUBUDIJIN,ZUIGAOCENGCISHISHENHUAZHI“GAN”,YEKEYISHUOSHISHENGRENZHI“GAN”,ZHEIYESHIZHANGZAIZUIWEITUICHONGHEXIANGWANGDE。TARENWEI,ZHIYOUQIONGJIUSHIWUDEQIMIAO、TONGXIAOSHIWUDAOLIDESHENHUAZHI“GAN”CAIZHENZHENGDADAOTIANRENGANTONG,CONGERSHIXIAN“TIANRENHEYI”。ZHEIZHONGSHENGRENZHI“GAN”YEJIUSHIMEIGAN,ZAIWUWOTONGYIDETIYANZHONGBUFENZHUKE,DADAOWANGWODEJINGJIE。ZHEIZHONGJINGJIESHIRENCHANSHENGYIZHONGKUAILEDEGANJUE,SHIRENHUODEYIZHONGJINGSHENSHANGDEMANZUGAN,RANGRENHUIDAOWANWUYITIBENRANZHUANGTAIDERENSHENGJIAYUAN。

                            ZHANGZAISHUO:“GANERHOUYOUTONG,BUYOULIANGZEWUYI。”“SHANGTIANZHIZAI,YOUGANBITONG;SHENGRENZHIWEI,DEWEIERWEIZHIYING。”TARENWEI,CONG“LIANG”DAO“YI”DEGUOCHENGJIUSHI“GAN”ER“TONG”DEGUOCHENG。“TIANXING,QIANKUN、YINYANGYE,ERDUANGUYOUGAN,BENYIGUNENGHE。TIANDISHENGWANWU,SUOSHOUSUIBUTONG,JIEWUXUYUZHIBUGAN。”“GAN”YOUJIAOGAN、GANYINGZHIYI。TIANDAOBAOHANZHE“QIANKUN”HUO“YINYANG”LIANGDUAN(“LIANGTI”),YOULIANGDUANBIANYOUXIANGHUZUOYONG(“YOUGAN”)。YINWEIMEIGETONGYIWUNEIBUDOUBAOHANZHELIANGDUAN,SUOYIBIANBUDUANDIXIANGHUZUOYONG。

                          牛牛游戏厅安卓,{原始关键词}   “GANZHIDAOBUYI:HUOYITONGERGAN,SHENGRENGANRENXINYIDAO,CISHIYITONGYE;HUOYIYIERYING,NANNVSHIYE,ERNVTONGJUZEWUGANYE;HUOYIXIANGYUEERGAN,HUOYIXIANGWEIERGAN,RUHUXIANJIANQUAN,QUANZIBUNENGQU,QUANRUOJIANHUZENENGBIZHI;YOURUCISHIYINZHEN,XIANGYINGERGANYE……GANRUYINGXIANG,WUFUXIANHOU,YOUDONGBIGAN,XIANGANERYING。”ZHANGZAIRENWEI“YITONGERGAN”“YIYIERYING”“YIXIANGYUEERGAN”“YIXIANGWEIERGAN”“XIANGYINGERGAN”SHI“YOUGAN”DEBUTONGXINGSHI。DUIXIANGDEXINGZHIYIJIYUZHIXIANGSHIYINGDEBENZHILILIANGDEXINGZHIJUEDINGDUIXIANGZENYANGCHENGWEITADEDUIXIANG,RUYANJINGDEDUIXIANGYUERDUODEDUIXIANGBUYIYANG,YANJINGDUIDUIXIANGDEGANJUEYEJIUYUERDUODEBUTONG。“MEIYIZHONGBENZHILILIANGDEDUTEXING,QIAHAOJIUSHIZHEIZHONGBENZHILILIANGDEDUTEDEBENZHI,YINERYESHITADEDUIXIANGHUADEDUTEFANGSHI。TADEDUIXIANGXINGDE、XIANSHIDE、HUOSHENGSHENGDECUNZAIDEDUTEFANGSHI。YINCI,RENBUJINTONGGUOSIWEI,ERQIEYIQUANBUGANJUEZAIDUIXIANGSHIJIEZHONGKENDINGZIJI。”11

                            ZHANGZAIRENWEIJINGUAN“YOUGAN”DUOYANG,DANGUIGENJIEDI“GANRUYINGXIANG,WUFUXIANHOU,YOUDONGBIGAN,XIANGANERYING”。ZHEIDUIYUJINTIANWOMENYANJIUMEIXUEHENYOUQISHIYIYI,“YOUDONGBIGAN”,MEIGANDECHANSHENGXUYAOMEIDESHIWUDECIJI,JISHENMEIZHUTIYUSHENMEIKETIXIANGHUZUOYONG,MEICAINENGCHANSHENG,JIMEIDEDANGXIASHENGCHENG,“QIBENZHIXUZEZHANYIWUXING,GANERSHENGZEJUERYOUXIANG”。“QI”BENWUXING,YOUYU“QI”ZHONGLIANGTIXIANG“GAN”,BIANJUERYOUXINGXIANG,ZHEIBUJINYIWEIZHEMEIDEDANGXIASHENGCHENGHAIYIWEIZHESHENMEIGUANXI、SHENMEIXINGTAIDENGDANGXIASHENGCHENG。

                          牛牛游戏厅安卓,{原始关键词}   SUOYI,WOMENBUNENGBAFANSHIYURENXIANGGUANDESHIWUDOUCHENGWEISHENMEIKETI,GENGBUNENGBAKEGUANWUZHISHIJIEDENGTONGYUSHENMEIKETI。RENBIXUSHOUXIANZAISHENGCUNSHIJIANZHONGYUSHIJIEDAJIAODAO,RANHOUCAINENGSHENGCHENGWEIZHUTI;TONGYANG,SHIJIEWANWUBIXUSHOUXIANCHENGWEIRENDE“SHANGSHOUZHIWU”,BEIRENSHIYONGHESHUXI,RANHOUCAITANDESHANGCHENGWEIKETI。ZHANGZAICHENGRENKEGUANDUIXIANGZHENSHIDECUNZAI,“XIN—WU”GUANXISHIYIZHONGSHENMEIGUANXI,DANTARENWEIRENYINGGAIYAOBAOCHIRENYOUDETEXING,BUNENGBEIWAIWUTONGHUA,FOUZEJIUBUJUYOURENDETEXING。“YOUXIANGSHIXIN,XUNXIANGSANGXIN。ZHIXIANGZHEXIN,CUNXIANGZHIXIN,YIXIANGERYI,WEIZHIXINKEHU?”WUXIANGHUIFANYINGYIGERENDEXIN,GENJUWUXIANGJIUNENGSHIBIERENXIN,DANXINBUYAOBEIDUIXIANGZHANYOUHENUYI,YIMIANSHIQUZHUTIZHIXIN。SUOYIZAISHENMEIGUANXIZHONGRENHEDUIXIANGDEGUANXIYINGGAISHIYIZHONGZIYOUDE、PINGDENGDEJIAOWANGRONGHEGUANXI,ERBUSHIYIZHONGNUYIDEGUANXI,ZHEIYESHIZHANGZAIDUIXINWUGUANXIDESIKAOJIWOMENDEQISHI。SUIZHESHENMEIGUANXIDEJINYIBUTUIKAI,SHENMEIDUIXIANGZHANSHICHUTADE“CUNZAI”,YIQIESHENMEIDUIXIANGDOUSHIZAIRENSHENGZAISHIZHONGSHENGCHENGXIANXIANDEYIYIDUIXIANG,TAMENZONGSHIHUOSHENHUOQIAN、HUOMINGHUOANDIDASHANGLERENSHENGDEYINJI,SHENTOUZHERENSHENGDENEIRONG,BIAODAZHERENSHENGDEKUANGWEI,SHENMEIZHUTICONGDUIXIANGSHENSHANGZHAODAOLEZISHENDECUNZAIYIYI,CONGERJINRUYIGERENYUSHIJIEHUNRANYITIDEZIYOUJINGJIE。

                            三、“气之聚散”思想对美学的启示

                            ERSHISHIJIWULIUSHINIANDAI,ZHONGGUOMEIXUEJIEYOUGUOYICHANGMEIXUEDATAOLUN,ZHUTISHI“MEIDEBENZHI”,“ZHEICITAOLUNXINGCHENGLE‘MEIZAIKEGUAN’‘MEIZAIZHUGUAN’‘MEIZAIZHUKEGUANTONGYI’YU‘MEIZAISHEHUIXINGYUKEGUANXINGTONGYI’SIDAPAIZHUZHANG。”12ZHEISIPAITIWENFANGSHIHESIWEIFANGSHIYIZHI,DOUWEIRAO“MEISHISHENME”BIAODALEZIJIBUTONGDEGUANDIAN。YEJIUSHISHUO,“MEIZAIKEGUAN”SHUOYIJINGJIASHELEMEISHIRENZHIWAISHITICUNZAI,SHIKETI;“MEIZAIZHUGUAN”SHUOKENDINGLEMEIYUREN(ZHUTI)BUKEFEN,DANTONGYANGJIASHELEMEIJIUZAIZUOWEIZHUTIDESHITICUNZAISHANG;“MEIZAIZHUKEGUANTONGYI”SHUOYETONGYANGJIASHELEMEIJIUZAIZUOWEISHITICUNZAIDEZHUKEGUANTONGYISHANG。QIZHONG,“ZHUKEGUANTONGYI”DEGUANDIANCHENGRENSHIZHUKEJIANDEYIZHONGGUANXI,DANZAI“MEISHISHENME”ZHEIZHONGTIWENFANGSHIXIA,ZHEIZHONGGUANXIYEBEISHITIHUALE。YINCI,WULUNTAMENDAANSHIDUOMEBUYIYANG,ZHEIYITIWENFANGSHIBENSHENJIUZAIWENTIHUIDAQIANYIJINGJIASHELE“MEI”DESHITICUNZAI,SHEDINGLETASHIDUIXIANG。SUOYI,DUIYUZHEIGEWENTIWULUNHUIDASHIKEGUAN、ZHUGUANHAISHIZHUKEGUANTONGYI,TAMENDOUSHIYIZHONGSHIZAI(TI)HUADEHUIDA。

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                          牛牛游戏厅安卓,{原始关键词}   “ZONGZHI,BUSHIXIANGZHENG、FUHAO、YUYAN,ERSHISHISHIZAIZAIDEWUZHISHENGCHANHUODONG,CAINENGSHIREN(RENLEIHEGETI)NENGZIYOUDIHUOZAISHISHANG。ZHEICAISHIZHENZHENGDE‘ZAI’(Being),CAISHIYIQIE‘YIYI’(meaning)DEBENGENHEJIAYUAN。”15MEISHIYIZHONGJINGSHENJINGJIE,YIZHONGSHENGCUNYIYI,SHISHENMEIDERENDUIYUSHENGMINGBENZHENDEGANWU。ZHANGZAIRENWEIQIDEJUSANZHUANGTAISHITIANDIWANWUDEXINGCHENGYUANYIN,SHIYIGEBUDUANSHENGCHENGBIANHUADEGUOCHENG,ZHEIWEIMEIXUESIKAODESHENGCHENGSHIYETIGONGLELILUNJICHU。RENJIYUTIANDICAN,YOUYUTIANDIWEI,ZHEIJISHIZHANGZAIDUIMEIDELINGWU,YESHIQIDUIZHENGGEZIRAN、YUZHOU、RENSHENGZUISHENDEJUEJIE,BAZIWOZHISHENYUSHENGSHENGBUXIDESHENGMINGGUOCHENGZHIZHONGHUODEYONGHENG,ERTADUIRENSHENGSHIJIANLUNDESIKAOYEJIUZAITIANYURENDETONGYIZHONGZUIZHONGWANCHENGLE。

                            注释

                            1张载:《张载集》,中华书局1978年版,第8页。(以下没有特别注明的引文均出自该文献)
                            2章诗同:《荀子简注》,上海人民出版社1974年版,第177页。
                            3杨伯峻:《孟子译注》,中华书局2003年版,第334页。
                            4朱光潜:《谈美》,漓江出版社2012年版,第5-6页。
                            5朱谦之:《老子校释》,中华书局1963年版,第131页。
                            6张岱年:《中国古典哲学概念范畴要论》,中华书局1987年版,第187页。
                            7寇鹏程:《中国传统美学的三大范式及其在新时代的启示意义》,《西南民族大学学报(人文社科版)》2018年第6期。
                            8《马克思恩格斯全集(第4卷)》,人民出版社1958年版,第174页。
                            9朱光潜:《谈美》,漓江出版社2012年版,第2页。
                            10杨立华:《论张载哲学中的感与性》,《中国哲学史》2005年第2期。
                            11马克思:《1844年经济学哲学手稿》,人民出版社2000年版,第125页。
                            12叶朗:《美学原理》,北京大学出版社2009年版,第34-37页。
                            13朱立元:《走向实践存在论美学》,苏州大学出版社2008年版,第303页。
                            14朱立元:《美学和艺术评论》,复旦大学出版社2002年版,第347页。
                            15李泽厚:《美学三书》,安徽文艺出版社1999年版,第483页。

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