牛牛游戏厅安卓,{原始关键词}

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              1. 当前位置: 代写一篇论文多少钱 > 社会哲学论文 > 朱熹哲学理论形成的历史背景探究

                朱熹哲学理论形成的历史背景探究

                时间:2019-01-09 10:25作者:刘克兵
                本文导读:这是一篇关于朱熹哲学理论形成的历史背景探究的文章,任何活的思想,都必定是在特定社会中的思想。因此,一种思想的产生,总离不开思想者对自身所处特定社会的审视和认识。朱熹知识论的建构,毫无例外也是一样。

                  摘    要: 作为一位儒者,朱熹有着平治天下的志向,他对当时的社会问题有着清醒认识。朱熹知识论的建构,基于其总结唐末五代道德危机教训以期重构道德理想主义,以及他对科技发展的理论呼应等背景。这既体现了朱熹重振儒家伦理纲常的社会担待,也反映出他对社会科技发展的敏锐洞察。

                  关键词: 牛牛游戏厅安卓,{原始关键词}朱熹; 知识论; 社会背景;

                  Abstract: As a scholar, Zhu Xi has an ideal of a peaceful ruling of the world and a profound perception of the social problems. The construction of Zhu Xi's theory of knowledge is based on the background of his summarizing the lessons of moral crisis in the Late Tang Dynasty and Five Dynasties in order to reconstruct moral idealism, and his theoretical echo to the development of science and technology. This not only reflects his social commitment to revitalize Confucian ethics, but also reflects his keen insight into the development of social science and technology.

                  Keyword: Zhu Xi; theory of knowledge; social background;

                牛牛游戏厅安卓,{原始关键词}   RENHEHUODESIXIANG,DOUBIDINGSHIZAITEDINGSHEHUIZHONGDESIXIANG。YINCI,YIZHONGSIXIANGDECHANSHENG,ZONGLIBUKAISIXIANGZHEDUIZISHENSUOCHUTEDINGSHEHUIDESHENSHIHERENSHI。ZHUXIZHISHILUNDEJIANGOU,HAOWULIWAIYESHIYIYANG。ZHEIJISHITADUITANGMOWUDAIDAODEWEIJIWENTIYINGXIANGDESHENSHI,YOUJIYUTADUINANSONGKEJIFAZHANDEQINGXINGRENSHI。

                  一、重构道德理想主义的努力

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                  纲纪不振于上,是以风俗颓弊于下。盖其为患之日久矣,而浙中为尤甚。大率习为软美之态,依阿之吉,而以不分是非,不辨曲直为得计。下之事上,固不敢少忤其意;上之御下,亦不敢稍哺其情。惟其私意之所在,则千涂万辙,经营计较,必得而后已。……惟得之求,无复廉耻。父诏其子,兄勉其弟,一用此术,而不复知有忠义名节之可贵。其俗已成之后,则虽贤人君子亦不免,习于其说……呜呼!此岂治世之事而尚复忍言之哉?[1]603
                 

                朱熹哲学理论形成的历史背景探究
                 

                  KEYIKANDAO,CENGJINGZAISHEHUISHENGHUOZHONGBANYANGUOZHONGYAOJIAOSEDERUJIAZHENGTAODAODEGUANNIANXITONG,ZAIDANGSHIDEMINZHONGZHIZHONGYIBEIHULVE,RENRENBENZOUYINGLIERBUGUDAOYI,“FENGSUTUIBIYUXIA”。YOUJIANYUCI,WEISHENKEZONGJIETANGMOWUDAIYILAIDEDAODEWEIJIJIAOXUN,SONGDAIZHUDUOSHIDAFU,RUOUYANGXIU、FANZHONGYAN、HUHONG、ZHOUDUNYI、ERCHENG、WANGANSHIDENG,DUOYIKUANGZHENGSHIFENG、ZHONGJIANDAODEZHIXUWEIJIREN,YIJIANSHEGETIDEDAODEXIUWEIHEDAODECAOSHOUZUOWEIJIAZHIZHUIQIUHERENSHENGLIXIANG,ZHUXIYISHIRUCI。

                  ZAIZHUXIKANLAI,ZHONGGOUDAODELIXIANGZHUYIDEBEIHOU,ZUIGAOTONGZHIZHEJUNZHUDEDAODEWENTIXIANDEGENGWEIZHONGYAOYUPOQIE。ZHONGSUOZHOUZHI,SONGDAIZHENGZHISHANGDEYIGEZHONGDABIANHUAJIUSHIZHUANZHIZHUYIZHONGYANGJIQUANDEJIAQIANG,HUANGDIJIZHONGYANGQUANLIYUYISHEN,TONGSHILAOLAOKONGZHIDIFANGGEZHOUBINGSHIZHIZHIJIELISHUZHONGYANG。ZHEIYICUOSHIDECHANSHENG,SUIYOUYIDINGDEJIJIZUOYONG,DANYEDAILAIYIXIEBIDUAN。YIDANHUANGDIDEDAODEPINXINGDIXIA,RENXINGWANGWEI,HENRONGYIZAOCHENGHUNJUNHAIGUOXIANXIANGDEFASHENG,CONGERJIGUOJIAHERENMINDAILAIWUQIONGHUOHAI。YINCI,ZAIZHUXIDELINIANZHONG,RUHEYIZHIZHUANZHIZHUYIZHONGYANGJIQUANXIAWANGQUANDEDAIBIAO——JUNZHUZHIRENYUDEEXINGPENGZHANG,TONGSHICUSHIJUNZHUXIUSHENYANGDEJIUXIANDEYOUWEIZHONGYAO。

                  TANGMOWUDAIYILAIDAODEWEIJIDUISONGDAISHIDAFUDEDAODEYINGXIANGJIZHUANZHIZHUYIZHONGYANGJIQUANJIAQIANGXIAJUNZHUKENENGCHANSHENGDEDAODEWENTI,ZAIRUZHEKANLAIDOUXUYAOCONGGENBENSHANGZHONGZHENRUJIADEDAODELUNLILAIJIAYIJIEJUE,CONGERHUIFUYUWEIHUSHEHUIDEZHENGCHANGDAODEZHIXU。ZHENGRUMOUZONGSANXIANSHENGSUOZHICHU,BUZAIZHENGGESHEHUIXINGCHENGCHONGGAODEDAODERENGEYISHI,NEIME“YOUSHEIZHENNENGTANGTANGZHENGZHENGDIZHANDEZHU?YOUSHEINENGFUQIJIUZHIYULINGDAOSHIDAIDEDASHIMING”[2]18?WEISHENKEZONGJIETANGMOWUDAILUANXIANGCONGSHENGDEDAODEWENTI,ZHUXINULIWEIRUJIALUNLIDAODETIGONGXINGSHANGXUEDELUNZHENG。JIUJINGGAIRUHEZHONGZHENRUJIADEDAODELUNCHANGLAIWANJIUZHENGGESHEHUIDEDAODEWEIJINI?ZHEICHENGWEITAKUKUSISUOBINGLIQIUJIEJUEDEWENTIZHIYI。

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                牛牛游戏厅安卓,{原始关键词}   GAIZISHIWULIUSHIZHIDUSHISHU(AN:ZHI《DAXUE》),ERBUXIAOGEWUZHIYI,WANGLAIYUXIN,YUSANSHINIAN。JINSUIJIUSHIYONGGONGCHUQIUZHI,ERCANYITAJINGCHUANJI,NEIWAIBENMO,FANFUZHENGYAN,NAIZHICISHUOZHIDEDANG,KONGWEIYIYIYICHAOZURANLISHUOPOYE。……RENZHISHENGYEGUBUNENGWUSHIWUYI,ERBUMINGQIWUZHILI,ZEWUYISHUNXINGMINGZHIZHENGERCHUSHIWUZHIDANG,GUBIJISHIWUYIQIUZHI。[1]2037-2038

                牛牛游戏厅安卓,{原始关键词}   ZHEIDUANHUANAICHUNXIYUANNIAN(1174NIAN),JIZHUXIYICHOUZHIWU(CONG“ZHONGHEJIUSHUO”XIANG“ZHONGHEXINSHUO”ZHUANBIAN)ZHIHOU,TAZAITONGJIANGDEGONGDERUSHIZHIBIANZHONG,ZHUANMENZONGJIEZIJIZHISHILUNZHONG“GEWU”SIXIANGDEXINGCHENGGUOCHENGSHISUOSHUODEYIDUANHUA。“GEWU”SHIZHUXIZHISHILUNSIXIANGZHONGHUOQUZHISHIDEZHUYAOLAIYUAN,YESHIRUJIAJINGDIANZHIYI《DAXUE》ZHONGDEBENYOUZHIYI。CONGZHEIDUANWENXIANZHONG,WOMENKEYIKANCHUZHUXIZHUZHANG“BIJISHIWUYIQIUZHI”,JIZAIGEWUHUOQUZHISHIDEJICHUSHANG“SHUNXINGMINGZHIZHENG”,HENMINGXIANTIXIANCHUZHUXIQIANGDIAODAODEDEZHISHIJICHU。DANGRAN,ZHUXIDUIYOUZHISHIERXIUSHENYANGDEDESIXIANGZISHIZHIZHONGSHIYIYIGUANZHIDE。

                  NEIME,RUHEEZHIJUNZHUDEEXINGSIYUZHIPENGZHANG,CUSHIJUNZHUXIUSHENYANGDEYIRUYU“YAOSHUNZHIDAO”,CONGERBIMIANCHUXIANHUNJUNHAIGUODEXIANXIANGNI?JIUZHUXIYISHENGDELICHENGLAIKAN,TASHIZHONGBA“GEJUNXINZHIFEI”ZUOWEIZHONGDIANSIKAOHENULISHIXIANDEZHUTI。ERRUHESHIXIAN“GEJUNXINZHIFEI”,ZHUXITONGYANGZHUZHANGDIWANGZAIZHISHIDEJICHUSHANGZIZHENGJUNXIN、ZICHENGJUNYI,CONGERSHIHUANGDICHENGWEIZHIHUIJIANSHIHEDAODEXIUYANGJIEWEIZHUOJUEDEMINGZHU。ZHUXIHAIZAIWANGANSHIGAIGESHIBAIYUANYINDEFENXIZONGJIEZHONGMICHULEZHEIYIFANGFAYUDUICE。TAZHEIYANGZONGJIEWANGANSHIGAIGESHIBAIDEYUANYIN:“QISUOLUNSHUO,GAITEJIANWENYIDUZHIJINSIER。GUNAIXIEYIWEIGAO,ZUJIZISHENG,BUFUZHIYIGEWUZHIZHI、KEJIFULIWEISHI,ERMIANQIUQISUOWEIZHIYIZENGYIQISUOBUNENG。”[1]3380ZAIZHUXIKANLAI,WANGANSHI“BUFUZHIYIGEWUZHIZHI、KEJIFULIWEISHI”,MEIYOUZOUSHANGZHISHIWEIJICHUDELUJINGQUXIANG,CONGERZAIGENBENSHANGDAOZHILEGEZHENGJUNXINYUGAIGEXIANSHIZHENGZHIDESHIBAI。ZHENGSHIZAIZHEIYANGDEYIZHONGQIANCHEZHIJIANXIA,ZHUXIRENWEI,YAOCONGGENBENSHANGGEZHENGJUNXINDESIYU,CUSHIJUNZHUXIUSHENYANGDE,TONGYANGBIXUYIZHISHIWEIJICHU,ZHEICHENGWEITAJIANGOUZHISHILUNDEYOUYILILUNJICHU。

                  YOUSHANGKEJIAN,CONGSHENKEZONGJIETANGMOWUDAILUANXIANGCONGSHENGDEDAODEWENTIJIAOXUNCHUFA,ZHUXIZHONGZHENRUJIADAODELUNCHANGDENULISHIYUQIZHISHILUNDEJIANGOUMIQIEXIANGGUANDE。ZHUXIZHUZHANGYIZHISHIWEIJICHU,SHOUSHIRENXIN,ZHUANBIANSHEHUIDAODEFENGQI,ZHONGZHENGRUJIADELUNLIGANGCHANG。ZHEIZAIYIDINGCHENGDUSHANGCUSHILEZHUXIZHISHILUNSIXIANGDEGOUJIAN,YOUQISHIZHISHIZUOWEIDAODEDEJICHUZHEIYIZHISHILUNLINIANDEGOUJIAN。

                  二、对科技发展作出的理论呼应

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                牛牛游戏厅安卓,{原始关键词}   ZAISONGDAIKEJIFAZHANDETIAOJIANXIA,HENDUOXUEZHESHUXIECHULEFUYOUJIAZHIDEKEJIZHEZUO。ERZHEIQIZHONGBUNENGBUTEBIEYISHUSHENKUODE《MENGXIBITAN》YISHU,CISHUZAIYIDINGCHENGDUSHANGYESHISONGDAIKEJIFAZHANDEJIZHONGFANYING。JIU《MENGXIBITAN》ERLUN,SHUZHONGTIGONGDEKEJIZILIAOPODUO,ZUIZHIDEZHUYIDESHI,RUZAITIANWENXUEFANGMIAN,SHENKUOSHOUCHANG“SHIERQILI”、GAIJINTIANWENYIQI。TAHAIFAXIANLEYUEBENWUGUANG,YUEGUANGNAIRIGUANGZHIFANSHE。TASHUO:“RIYUEZHIXINGRUWAN……YUEBENWUGUANG,YOUYINWANRIZHIYAONAIGUANGER。GUANGZHICHUSHENG,RIZAIQIPANG,GUGUANGCEMIANERSUOJIANCAIRUGOU;RIJIANYUANZEXIEZHAOERGUANGSHAOMAN。”[3]52CIWAI,ZAINONGYE、SHUXUE、WULIXUE、HUAXUEYUDIXUEDENGFANGMIANDEKEXUEZHISHI,YEZAISHENKUODEZHEIYIKEXUEWENBENZHONGYOUSUOTIXIAN。SHENKUO《MENGXIBITAN》ZHONGDEZHEIXIERENSHI,CONGCEMIANFANYINGCHULESONGDAIDEKEJIFAZHAN。

                牛牛游戏厅安卓,{原始关键词}   WOMENZHIDAO,KEXUEYUZHEXUESIXIANGZHIJIANYIZHIYILAICUNZAIZHEBUKEFENGEDELIANXI。CONGKEXUEHEZHEXUESIXIANGDEHUDONGGUANXILAIKAN,KEXUEKEWEIZHEXUESIXIANGDEFAZHANTIGONGKEGUANZHENGJUZHICHI,YEXUYAOZHEXUESIXIANGCENGMIANDELILUNZHICHENG。SONGDAIKEJIDEFAZHAN,ZAIWEILILUNDECHANSHENGTIGONGLEFANGBIANDETONGSHI,ZIRANXUYAOSIXIANGLILUNJIEMOUXIEXIANGYINGLILUNDECHANSHENGYIWEIHUYING。

                牛牛游戏厅安卓,{原始关键词}   DANGRAN,KEXUESHIYOUGUANXIANSHISHIJIEDE,SHIDUIKEGUANCUNZAIDEFANYING,ERFOLAOZHIXUEZHONGSHIDESHIDUIXUWUBENTIDEGUANZHU,QILILUNYUKEXUEZISHIGEGEBURU,ZHIYOUDUIXIANSHISHIJIEGUANZHUJIAODUODERUJIAZHIXUEZHONGDEXIANGYINGLILUNCAINENGYUZHIPIPEI。GUANXUEHELUOXUESHIBEISONGLIXUEZHUJIAZHONGSHOUXIANJIAODUOGUANZHUZIRANKEXUEDEPAIBIE,ZHEIKECONGGEZIZHUYAODAIBIAORENWUZHANGZAIHEERCHENGDEZHEZUO、YANLUNZHONGZHAODAOZHENGJU,RUZHANGZAIDE《ZHENGMENG》PIANHEERCHENGDEGEWUZHIZHILUN。DUIZIRANKEXUEDEZHEIZHONGZHONGSHI,TAMENHENMINGXIANYEYOUXIANGYINGDELILUNZHICHENG,ZHANGZAIDEQIONGLILUNHEERCHENGDEGEZHILUNJISHIMINGZHENG。ERTAMENDEZHEIXIELILUNSHIRUJIAZHISHILUNDEZUCHENGBUFEN,YUZHISHILUNXIXIXIANGGUAN。CIHOU,ZUOWEIERCHENGSICHUANDIZIDEZHUXI,YEYIZHISHILUNDEJIANGOUHUYINGLESONGDAIKEJIDEFAZHAN。KEJIAN,SONGDAILIXUEZHONGDEZHISHILUN,TIXINGSHIRENDUIXIANSHISHIJIEKEJICHENGGUODEZHONGSHIYUGUANZHU,ZAIYIDINGCHENGDUSHANGSHIYINGLESONGDAIKEJIFAZHANSUOXUZHEXUESIXIANGLILUNCENGMIANZHICHENGYIWEIHUYINGDEXUYAO,ERZHEIQIZHONGYOUYIZHUXIDEZHISHILUNJIQIJIANGOUGENGWEIXIANZHE。

                  SONGDAIZIRANKEJIDEFAZHAN,WEIZHUXIZHANGWOFENGFUDEZIRANZHISHITIGONGLEBIANLI,TATONGGUOZIJIDEZIXIGUANCHAHEDUISHUBENDEYUEDUDEDAOLEDALIANGDEKEXUEZHISHI。ZAICIJICHUSHANG,ZHUXIZIRANHUIGUANZHUYUKEXUEXIANGGUANDEZHISHILILUN。ZUOWEISHIDAIJINGSHENDEDAIBIAO,ZHUXIZAIJIANGOULIXUETIXISHI,ZHUYIDAOLEKEXUESHIDUIKEGUANSHIJIECUNZAIDEFANYINGZHEIYITEZHENG,TAYICIWEIYIJU,KAISHIKAOLVZHISHILUNZHONGZHISHIDEKEGUANLAIYUAN——“WU”。TAHAIKAOLVLELIANGSONGFANRONGFAZHANDEKEXUEJISHUXUYAOLILUNZHICHENG,BINGZHESHOUJIEJUEZHI。ZHUXIBENRENSHIYIGEJUYOUFENGFUKEXUEZHISHI、BAOHANKEXUEJINGSHENDEREN,TACONGXIAOSHIHOUQIJIUZHUZHONGGUANCHAZIRANXIANXIANG,BINGDUITANSUOYUZHOUYUZIRANDEAOMIBAOCHINONGHOUDEXINGQUZHIZHIZHITIANMINGZHINIAN,CONGERZAIKEXUESHANGQUDELEHENDUOZHONGYAODERENSHI。LIRU,ZAIYUZHOUJIEGOUSHANG,TAFAHUIHUNTIANSHUOHEXUANYESHUODESIXIANG,RENWEI“DIZHE,QIZHICHAZIYE”[4]119,“TIANYIQIERYIDIZHIXING,DIYIXINGERFUTIANZHIQI。TIANBAOHUDI,DITETIANZHONGZHIYIWUER。TIANYIQIERYUNHUWAI,GUDIQUEZAIZHONGJIAN,FUGUIRANBUDONG”[4]119。YEJIUSHISHUO,“TIAN”SHIYITUANYONGHENGYUNDONGZHEDEQI,“DI”ZHISHI“TIANZHONGZHIYIWU”,SHI“QIZHIZHAZI”。CIWAI,TARENWEIRIYUE、XINGCHENZHISHI“QIZHIQINGZHE”,“ZHIZAIWAI,CHANGZHOUHUANYUNZHUAN”[4]119。TAHAIYI“ZIRANYUNQI”DEGUANDIAN,ZHONGXINJIESHILEGUDAIDE“JIUTIAN”ZHISHUO,TICHULEYUDEGUOKANGDEDEXINGYUNJIASHUOXIANGJINDE“JIUZHONGYUNQI”SHUO。ZHUXISHUO:“《LISAO》YOUJIUTIANZHISHUO,ZHUJIAWANGJIE,YUNYOUJIUTIAN。JUMOUGUANZHI,ZHISHIJIUZHONG。GAITIANYUNXINGYOUXUDUOZHONGSHU。”[4]141ZAITIANXIANGSHANG,ZHUXIBUDANYIQIHUAGUANDIANHELIDISHUOMINGLEYU、LEIDIANDENGZIRANXIANXIANG,ERQIEHAIYISHUDEGUANNIANDUIXUEHUADELIUJIAOJINGTIXINGTAIZUOCHULEHELISHUOMING:“XUEHUASUOYIBILIUCHUZHE,GAIZHISHIXIANXIA,BEIMENGFENGPAIKAI,GUCHENGLIUCHU。RURENZHIYITUANLANNIYUDI,NIBIZANKAICHENGLENGBANYE。YOU,LIUZHEYINSHU,DAYINXUANJINGSHIYILIULENG,GAITIANDIZIRANZHISHU。”[4]141TAHAITONGGUOSHIDIKAOCHA“GAOSHANSHANGDUOYOUSHISHANGLIQIAOZHILEI”[4]3119DEXIANXIANG,TICHULEHUASHISHISHENGWUCANHAIDEYUANLI。LINGWAI,ZAITANTAOMENGDEXINGCHENGYUANYINSHANG,ZHUXIFOUDINGLEYIYOUDE“SHENGAO”HUO“HUNYOU”ZHISHUO,TARENWEI“HUNYUPOJIAOERCHENGMEI,XINZAIQIJIAN,YIJIUNENGSILV,SUOYIZUOCHENGMENG”[4]3625,JIRENWEIMENGSHIRENZAISHUIMIANSHIDEYIZHONGQIANYISHIYUNDONG。

                  YUZHUXIZHEIZHONGKEXUEJINGSHENXIANGDUIYING,TAYI“LIYIFENSHU”、TIANXIAWANWUBAOKUOZIRANZHIWUJUNYOU“LI”WEIJICHU,BAGEZIRANZHIWUBAOHANYUZUOWEIHUOQUZHISHITUJINGDE“GEWU”ZHIZHONG,CONGERBAKEXUENARUTADEZHISHILUNFANCHOU。ZHEIZHONGDUIRUXUEYIJILIXUEYUKEXUEZHIJIANGUANXIDEJIESHI,WULUNDUIYURUXUEDEFAZHAN,HAISHIDUIYUGUDAIKEJIDEFAZHANDOUJUYOUJIJIDEYIYI。ZHENGSHIYOUYUZHUXIDEKEXUEJINGSHENHEDUIKEXUEZHISHIDEJIANXIN,TADUISONGDAIKEJILILUNCENGMIANZHICHENGDEXUYAOYOUZHEQINGXINGDERENSHI,BINGYITONGYANGZHUZHONGKEGUANJICHUDEZHISHILUNHUYINGLEZHEIZHONGGUANZHUKEGUANSHIJIEDEKEJI。

                  三、结论

                  KEYIKANDAO,ZHUXISHENGHUODENANSONGSHEHUI,YOULIANGDIANBIJIAOMINGXIANERXIANGHUBEILIDEBIANHUAHETEDIAN:QIYI,ZITANGMOWUDAIDAODEWEIJIYILAIZHINANSONGHAICHICHIMEIYOUGAIGUANDESHEHUICHENGYUANDEDAODESHIXU,YIJIZHUANZHIZHUYIZHONGYANGJIQUANJIAQIANGXIAJUNZHUKENENGCHUXIANDEDAODEWENTI;QIER,SHEHUIKEJIZHINANSONGYIJINGFAZHANDAOYIDINGDESHUIPING,XINGERXIADEZIRANKEJIWEIXINGERSHANGDE“ZHISHILUN”ZHONG“WU”DEKEGUANCUNZAITIGONGJIANSHIYIJUZHICHENGDETONGSHI,ZIRANXUYAOXIANGYINGDEXUESHULILUNYIHUYINGZHI。ZUOWEIYIWEIRUZHE,ZHUXIYOUZHEPINGZHITIANXIADEZHIXIANG,DUIYUZHEIXIESHEHUIWENTITAKENDINGBUHUIZHIZHIBULI。RUHECONGLILUNSHANGSHENKEZONGJIETANGMODAODEWEIJIJIAOXUN、ZHONGGOUDAODELIXIANGZHUYI,YIJICONGXINGSHANGCENGMIANHUYINGKEJI,CHENGWEIZHUXIDENULIFANGXIANGYUSHIMINGDANDANG。ZHENGSHIZAIZHEIZHONGSHEHUIBEIJINGXIA,TAJIANDINGDIYONGZHISHILUNDEJIANGOULAIJIEJUEHEHUYINGZHEIXIESHEHUIDAODE、KEJIWENTI。ZAIYIDINGCHENGDUSHANG,JITIXIANCHUZHUXIZHONGZHENRUJIALUNLIGANGCHANG“WAIWANG”LIXIANGDESHEHUIDANDANG,YEFANYINGCHUTADUISHEHUIKEJIFAZHANLIBUKAIXIANGGUANLILUNHUYINGDEMINRUIDONGCHA。KEYISHUO,ZHUXIZHENGSHIJIYUZHEIXIESHEHUIBEIJINGBUDUANSIKAO,JIANGOUQILEDUIHOUSHIYINGXIANGSHENYUANDEZHISHILUN。

                  参考文献

                  [1] 朱杰人,严佐之,刘永翔.朱子全书·晦庵先生朱文公文集[M].上海:上海古籍出版社,2002.
                  [2]牟宗三.宋明儒学的问题与发展[M].上海:华东师范大学出版社,2004.
                  [3]沈括.梦溪笔谈[M].长沙:岳麓书社,2002.
                  [4] 朱杰人,严佐之,刘永翔.朱子全书·朱子语类[M].上海:上海古籍出版社,2002.

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