牛牛游戏厅安卓,{原始关键词}

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                                  1. 当前位置: 代写一篇论文多少钱 > 社会哲学论文 > 我国元代社会思想解放的具体表现分析

                                    我国元代社会思想解放的具体表现分析

                                    时间:2019-01-09 10:32作者:刘凯 高阳
                                    本文导读:这是一篇关于我国元代社会思想解放的具体表现分析的文章,与宋代社会相比,多元文化融合所造就的时代背景使得元代社会在更为开放和包容的基础上发展出时代特征,意识形态领域出现了“思想解放”的局面。

                                      摘    要:牛牛游戏厅安卓,{原始关键词} 元代社会的思想解放表现为:首先,以许衡、刘因为代表的元代理学家肯定和赞扬个体存在价值和意义,提倡任何人都可以通过后天的努力改变个体命运。其次,元代汉族文人对南宋理学、科举制度及文学艺术进行的批判性反思显现出深刻性,并且这种反思直接影响了元代社会思想及文化秩序的时代重建。再次,元代自上层皇室至中层文士再到底层民众皆关注当下生活,敢于直接表达个人生活感受及思想情感,并追求文学艺术的娱乐主义。

                                      关键词:牛牛游戏厅安卓,{原始关键词} 元代; 思想解放; 个体价值; 批判;

                                      Abstract: The ideological emancipation of the society in the Yuan dynasty was manifested in three aspects. First of all, the Neo-Confucianists represented by Xu Heng and Liu Yin affirmed and praised the value and significance of individual existence and advocated that anyone could change individual destiny through their own efforts. Secondly, the critical reflections of the Han literati in the Yuan dynasty on the Neo-Confucianism, the imperial examination system and literature and art in the southern Song dynasty were profound and directly affected the reconstruction of the social thought and cultural order in the Yuan dynasty. Thirdly, in the Yuan dynasty, from the upper royal family to the middle class scribes to the lower class people, they all enjoyed the current life, dared to directly express their personal feelings and thoughts, and pursued the entertainment of literature and art.

                                      Keyword: the Yuan Dynasty; liberation of thought; individual value; criticism;

                                    牛牛游戏厅安卓,{原始关键词}   YOUSONGJINNANBEIDUIZHIDAOYUANDAINANBEITONGYI,BEIFANGSHAOSHUMINZUYICIRUZHUZHONGYUAN,JIDADICHONGJILEZHONGYUANHANDIYUANYOUDESIXIANGCHUANTONGHELIFAZHIXU。YUANCHU,TONGZHIZHESHIXINGDUOYUANWENHUAJIDUOYUANZONGJIAOZHENGCE,SHIDECHUANTONGRUJIADUZUNDIWEISHOUDAOYANZHONGXUERUO,SONGRUSUOQIANGDIAODEDAODELIXINGHEXINXINGXIUYANGDUISHEHUIDEYINGXIANGDADAJIANRUO。YUSONGDAISHEHUIXIANGBI,DUOYUANWENHUARONGHESUOZAOJIUDESHIDAIBEIJINGSHIDEYUANDAISHEHUIZAIGENGWEIKAIFANGHEBAORONGDEJICHUSHANGFAZHANCHUSHIDAITEZHENG,YISHIXINGTAILINGYUCHUXIANLE“SIXIANGJIEFANG”DEJUMIAN。YIXIASHIDUIYUANDAISHEHUI“SIXIANGJIEFANG”DEJUTIQINGKUANGJINXINGPOUXIHELUNZHENG,BINGJINYIBUCHANSHUZHEIYIXIANXIANGFASHENGDESHEHUIJIWENHUAGENYUAN。

                                      一、个体价值的肯定和赞扬

                                      理学在元代发展成为官学,但对士人的影响却远不及宋代那样深刻。因为元代社会思想更为多元,理学之外,道教、禅宗、藏传佛教、基督教等皆较流行。思想的多元化极大地拓展了当时士人阶层的信仰空间,儒、道、释皆是元代文人思想信仰的重要皈依,底层民众的思想倾向更加多元化。这是元代出现社会思想解放的重要前提条件之一。
                                     

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                                    牛牛游戏厅安卓,{原始关键词}   LIUYINZHICHU“REN”SUODAIBIAODESHIRENZHISUOYIWEIRENDEZUIBENZHIDESHUXING。“REN”SHIZUIWEIDADE,ZHIYAONENGBEICHENGWEI“REN”,JIUYINGGAISHOUDAOZUNZHONG,QIEJIUZUYI。HUANYANZHI,LIUYINKENDING“REN”SUOZHICHENGDESUOYOUSHEHUISHUXING,“XIANREN”“SHANREN”BUYIDINGJIUGAORENYIDENG,TAMENSHANGWEIJIN“REN”ZHIDAYI,YINCITAMENYEHAIBUSHIZHENZHENGDE“REN”;BUBEICHENGZHIWEI“XIANREN”“SHANREN”DEREN,TONGYANGYOUQICUNZAIDEJIAZHIHEYIYI,TONGYANGZHIDEZUNZHONG。ZHEISHIDUIRENZHIKEGUANCUNZAIDECHONGFENKENDING,DUIRENZHISHENGMINGJIAZHIDEGAOYANGHEZANMEI。ZAICI,LIUYINSIXIANGZHONGTOUSHECHU“RENRENPINGDENG”DEJINBUSIXIANG,GENGBIAOXIANCHUDUIGETIJIAZHIDEJIJIKENDINGHEGAODUZANYANG。JINER,LIUYINYOUJIEZHUOWENGZHIKOUMIANLIQIUXUESHANGJINZHIREN,YUE:

                                    牛牛游戏厅安卓,{原始关键词}   ZISHOUTIANDIZHIZHONG,BINGJIANSHUNWUCHANGZHIQI,ZIZHIXING,SHENGZHIZHI;ZIZHIXUE,SHENGZHIGONG。ZIYOUSHENGYE,SHENGYOUZIYE。……GOUXIUERJINGZHI,MIANERANZHI,JIANQIXING,JINQIXING,YOUSIRURUI,ZIMINGERCHENG,ZIXISHENGHU,SHENGXIZIHU![4]2

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                                    牛牛游戏厅安卓,{原始关键词}   KEYISHUO,YUANDAILIXUEYIJINGKAIQILEDUIRENXINGDEZHONGXINJIEDU,JIKENDINGGETIDECUNZAIJIAZHIHEYIYI,BINGQIANGDIAORENKEYITONGGUOHOUTIANDENULIGAIBIANZIJIDEMINGYUN。ZHEIDUIYUANDAISHEHUIDEYINGXIANGGUANGFANERSHENKE。SHOUXIAN,SHIDEYUANDAIWENRENGENGJIAGUANZHUGETIDEQINGGANBIAODA,GENGJUDULIRENGE。YOUYUANYIDAIWENRENDUIYUZHENGZHIDEYIFUYUANDIYULIANGSONGSHIQIBIANSHISHOUCIYINGXIANG。QICI,PEIHEYUANDAIWENRENDIWEIXIACHENDESHEHUIXIANSHI,TUIJINWENRENJINRUNENGGOUTIXIANGETIJIAZHIDELINGYU。ZHEIZAIHENDACHENGDUSHANGCUJINLEYUANDAISHISUWENYIDEFAZHAN。

                                      二、批判性文化态度的闪现

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                                      (一)对南宋理学的反思与批判

                                    牛牛游戏厅安卓,{原始关键词}   YUANCHU,YIZHOUMI、DAIBIAOYUANDENGWEIDAIBIAODENANFANGWENRENJIDUINANSONGLIXUELIUBISHIJIAPIPAN。ZHOUMI《GUIXINZASHI》YOUYUE:

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                                      TONGSHI,HAIYOUYILIUYINWEIDAIBIAODEYUANDAILIXUEJIADUIZHUXILIXUEHEXINYILIZHANKAIPIPAN。ZHENDUI《SISHU》YU《LIUJING》SHUXIANSHUHOUDEWENTI,LIUYINZAI《XISHENGJIE》ZHONGSHUO:

                                    牛牛游戏厅安卓,{原始关键词}   XIANQINSANDAIZHISHU,《LIUJING》、《YU》、《MENG》WEIDA。SHIBIANJIXIA,FENGSURIHUAI,XUEZHEYUSHIFUYANG,MOZHIZHILI,YUQICAIZHIQUANDEHU?SANDAIZHIXUE,DAXIAOZHICIDI,XIANHOUZHIPINJIE,SUIYOUYUXU,JINGYIMOZHISHICONG,WEIDANGZHILI《LIUJING》、《YU》、《MENG》ER。SHIRENWANGWANGYI《YU》、《MENG》WEIWENXUEZHISHI,ERBUZHI《YU》、《MENG》SHENGXIANZHICHENGZHONGZHE。SUOWEIBOXUEERXIANGSHUOZHI,JIANGYIFANSHUOYUEZHEYE,SHENGXIANYISHIWEIZHONG,XUEZHEYISHIWEISHI,WEISHUOSHENGXIANZHIXIANG,JUSHUOSHENGXIANZHIYUE,BUYIBEICHIYIHU?SUOWEI“YANZHUANGWEILIYUYINGHAI,GAOTANYIJIYUXINGMING”ZHEYE。[4]3

                                    牛牛游戏厅安卓,{原始关键词}   LIUYINRENWEI《LIUJING》SHIXUEWENZHISHI,《SISHU》SHIXUEWENZHIZHONG。YI《SISHU》WEIXUEWENZHISHIDEZUOFASHIYUZHENZHENG“SHENGXIANZHIDAO”BEIDAOERCHIDE。LIUYINGUANDIANKEKANZUOSHIDUIZHUXI“SISHULIUJINGGUAN”DEZHIJIEFANDUIHEPIPAN。《SISHU》SHISONGDAILIXUETIXIDEYIJIANLIDEZUIZHONGYAODEDIANJIYIJU,YIDINGCHENGDUSHANGJIANG,JIANG《SISHU》YU《LIUJING》DEDIWEIDIANDAOJIUSHIDONGYAOLESONGDAILIXUEDEGENJI。TONGSHI,LIUYINHAITICHU“GUWUJINGSHIZHIFEN”DEGUANDIAN,“XUESHIYIYOUCIDI。GUWUJINGSHIZHIFEN,《SHI》、《SHU》、《CHUNQIU》JIESHIYE。YINSHENGRENSHANDINGBIXUE,LIDAJINGDADIAN,JIWEIJINGYE”[4]4-5。LIUYINDEPIPANWUYIYUBARUJIAFENGWEICHUANSHIDEJINGDIANBIANDIWEIPUTONGDELISHIJILU,KEGUANSHANGPOCHULEDUIRUJIAJINGDIANDEMIXIN。TADUILIXUEDEXINTICHANGJIDUIRUJIAJING、SHIDEZHONGXINPINGPAN,BUJINZAIXUESHUSHANGSHIYIGELEBUQIDEJINBU,ERQIECONGZHENGZHISHANGDONGYAOLERUJIAJINGDIANDEXUESHUDIWEI。

                                      (二)对南宋科举制度的反思与批判

                                    牛牛游戏厅安卓,{原始关键词}   MIANDUISONGYUANYIDINGDELISHIJUBIAN,YUANCHUNANFANGSHIRENFENFENFANSINANSONGMIEWANGDEYUANYIN,ERTAMENSUOZHAODAODEGENYUANJINGSHINANSONGDEKEJUZHIDU。YUANCHU,DAIBIAOYUAN、CHENGJUFUDENGJIZHENDUINANSONGKEJUZHIDUZHANKAIPIPAN,“KEJUQUSHI,BIBUFUKEGAI”[6];“KEMUXING,YUESHUJIKAO,GUSHELILUOUMISHICONG,QIDAODEGUOJINXINZAI?GUMINGLUNZHISHUO,WEISHUSHENGCHANGTAN,QIYUHUAMINCHENGSUZHIYILISHEN”[8]。QIZHONG,WUCHENGDUINANSONGKEJUZHIDUDEFANSIYUPIPANZUIJUDAIBIAOXING。TASHUO:

                                    牛牛游戏厅安卓,{原始关键词}   KEMUXING,ERQURENBUJIQIBENSHI,SUOQUZHE,CIZHANGZHIXUERYI。JIUSHICIZHANGRUMA、BAN、HAN、LIU,YIBUGUOWEIYIZHIXIAXIA,QISHIGUZHELILESHEYUSHUSHUZHIYI,TIANRANGJUEYE,KUANGQICIZHANGZHIBIQIAN,HECHANGMENGJIANMA、BAN、HAN、LIUZHIFANGFOHU!……FUJINGGOUMING,ZEZHI、REN、SHENG、YI、ZHONG、HELIUZHEZHIDE,WUYIBUZHI。XINGGOUXIU,ZEXIAO、YOU、MU、YIN、REN、XULIUZHEZHIXING,WUYIBUNENG。DEWUBUZHI,XINGWUBUNENG,LIUYIZONGHUOYOUQUE,BUHAIQIWEIBENLIERWEIBEI。BUSHENJINZHIJINSHI,JINGGUOMINGYU?XINGGUOXIUYU?[9]

                                    牛牛游戏厅安卓,{原始关键词}   ZAIWUCHENGKANLAI,NANSONGKEJUJINNENGSHIRENXUEDAOCIZHANGFANGMIANDEJIQIAO,DANXUEBUDAOJINGSHIZHIYONGZHIXUE,KEJUZHENGSHIDAOZHIRENMENBUWUSHIYEDEZHUYAOYUANYIN。KEJUQUSHISUODEDAODERENCAIZHISHIYIXIEKONGTANYILIDEDAOXUEZHISHI,ZHEIXIEDAOXUEZHISHIMEIYOUWUSHIDEBENLING,YINGGOUYUDANGTONGFAYI,ZHONGZHINANSONGDEMIEWANG。YUANRENZONGZAIJUEDINGHUIFUKEJUZHIDUZHIQIAN,ZHENGSHIYOUJIANYUNANSONGKEJUDEBIDUAN,DUIJIKAIZHIKEJUKAOSHITICHULEYAOQIU,“RUOJISANDAIYILAI,QUSHIGEYOUKEMU,YAOQIBENMO,JURENYIYIDEXINGWEISHOU,SHIYIZEYIJINGSHUWEIXIAN,CIZHANGCIZHI,FUHUAGUOSHI,ZHENSUOBUQU,YUANMINGZHONGSHENG,CANZHUOGUJIN,DINGQITIAOLI”[10]2017。NANSONGKEJU“FUHUAGUOSHI”SUOYI“ZHENSUOBUQU”,YINCIZAIXINZHIDINGDEKEMUKAOSHINEIRONGZHONG,MENGGUREN、SEMURENJINKAOJINGXUEHESHIWU,ZHIYOUHANREN、NANRENCHUYISHANGLIANGMENWAI,HAIKAOSHIFU。

                                    牛牛游戏厅安卓,{原始关键词}   DUINANSONGKEJUDEPIPANZAIZHENGGEYUANDAIYIZHICHIXUBUDUAN。YUANHOUQIWENRENDAILIANGPIPINGNANSONGKEJUSHUO:“ERNANDUZHIMO,ZUZHIJINGXUEWENYIPANWEIZHUANMEN,SHIFENGTUIBIYUKEJUZHIYE。”[11]YUANDAISHIRENDUIKEJUZHIDUDEPIPANXINGFANSI,CHUJIFENGJIANZHIDUDEZHONGYAOGENJI,BINGQIEZHEIZHONGPIPANMEIYOULIUYUXINGSHI,ERSHIZOUXIANGLESHENRU,ZHIJIEDUIYUANDAIKEJUJIGUANYUANRUSHIZHIDUCHANSHENGYINGXIANG,XIANSHICHUPIPANDESHENKEXING。

                                      (三)对南宋文艺的反思与批判

                                      YUANCHUYITANDE“FUGU”XIANXIANGTONGYANGJIANLIZAIDUINANSONGYISHUDEPIPANJICHUZHISHANG。SHISHISHANG,ZINANSONGMONIANKAISHI,NANFANGWENTANJIUYICHUXIANPIPING“SILING”“JIANGHU”SHIPAILIUBIDEQINGXIANG,ZHEIZAIYOUSONGRUYUANDEDAIBIAOYUAN、FANGHUIDENGRENDESHIWENZHONGYIYOUSUOTIXIAN。“CHU,BIAOYUANMINSONGJIWENZHANGWEIERERCIWEIBI,PIBIYISHEN,KAIRANYIZHENQISIWENWEIJIREN。”[10]4336DAIBIAOYUANDUINANSONGSHIWENFENGQIDEPIPANZHUYAOBAOKUO:YISHIHUAERBUSHI,JIANGJIUXINGSHI,QIECHANGZAIWENZHONGYONG《LIUJING》YUANWENYIXIANSHIQIBOXUE,SHISHIQUESHAOSHIYI,WENQUESHAOWENQI;ERSHISHIRENDUOYIN“YULU”YIXIANSHIQIXUEWENYUANYUAN,BIAOMINGZIJIDEDAOXUEJIASHENFEN,ERSHIWENZECHENGLEXUANJIANGDAOXUESIXIANGDEGONGJU。ZHEIZHONGZUOFASHIDESHIGEZHIZHONGDELIXUEQITAIZHONG,CONGERSHISHIGEDEJINGJIEBUGAO。ZHENDUINANSONGGUWENCHUANGZUOZHONGCHUXIANDELEISIQINGKUANG,HUANGJINPIPANSHUO:

                                    牛牛游戏厅安卓,{原始关键词}   CIZHANGZHIYUSONGJI,QIBISHENJIU,GONGQINGDAFUSHIYINGYONGWEIJI,PAIXIEWEITI,OULIWEIQI,MIANRANZIFUQIMINGGAO。SHAOSHANGZHI,ZECHUANZAOJINGYI,YINKUOSHENGLV,ZIZIWEIHUASHIQUCHONGZHIJU。YOUSHAOSHANGZHI,PIAOLVEQIANXIUYULU,ZUOYIFANGYAN,LEISHIBAIERFUXIU。QIEYUE:WOJIANGYIMINGDAO,XIWENZHIWEI?YOUSHAOSHANGZHI,CHENGHONGBOZEJINGCUZAROUERLVESHENGMO,MUGUAOZESHANYUZHUZHICIERBUKEYIJU,GUYUJIAOBI,ERQIBIYOUZI。[12]

                                      HUANGJINDUINANSONGSHIWENDEPIPAN,TONGYANGDUIZHUNLEQICHUANZAOJINGYI、HUAZHONGQUCHONGDEFUHUAZHIFENG。ZHENGSHIYINWEIZHEIZHONGPIPANDEPUBIANCUNZAI,CAISHIDEYUANDAISHIWENNENGGOUBISONGZHIFUHUAZOUXIANG“ZONGTANGDEGU”,XIANLUCHUZHIPOQIXI。

                                      ZUIJUDAIBIAOXINGDEMORUOZHAOMENGFU。TAYI“GUYI”SHUOWEIHEXIN,YIFUGUWEIQIZHI,DUINANSONGYISHUJINXINGLESHENRUQIEQUANMIANDEPIPAN。ZHAOMENGFUYISHUGUANDEHEXINSHI“GUYI”SHUO,QIYISHITUOGUYICHUXIN。YUHUIHUA,ZHAOMENGFUMINGQUETICHANG“ZUOHUAGUIYOUGUYI,RUOWUGUYI,SUIGONGWUYI”[13]225,PIPAN“JINREN”ZUOHUAYONGBIXIANXI,FUSENONGYAN,DUINANSONGYUANHUADEJINGWEIXILIZUOFENGYIYANLIPIPAN。ZAISHUFASHANG,ZEJILITUICHONGWEIJINSHUFA,“DANGZEGU,WUTUQUYUJINRENYE”[14]196。CICHUSUOWEI“ZEGU”,JIYIGUFAWEIZHUNZE;SUOWEI“JINREN”,ZEXIANRANSHIZHENDUINANSONGYIBENCHAOSHUFAJIAWEIFADEFENGQIERYAN。[15]7ZAISHIGECHUANGZUOSHANG,ZETICHANGSHUFAXINGQING,ZONGTANGFUGU。[16]76YUGUWENZETICHANG:“GUCHANGWEIXUEWEIWENZHE,JIEDANGYILIUJINGWEISHI,SHELIUJINGWUSHIYI。”[17]201《YINSHIXU》ZHONGZEZHIZEJINSHISHIDAFUYINZHANG“QIYIYULIUSU,YIQIUHEHUGUZHE,BAIWUERSANYAN”,ZIJIDEZHUIQIUZESHI“HANWEIERXIADIANXINGZHIPOZHIYI”[16]71。ZHAOSHISUOTICHANG“FUGU”,ZHENGSHIWEIJIAOZHENGNANSONGYISHUBIDUANERTICHUDEXINDEFAZHANFANGXIANG,DAIYOUSHENKEDEPIPANYIWEI。

                                      三、外露型文化态度的形成

                                    牛牛游戏厅安卓,{原始关键词}   XIAOQIQINGXIANSHENGRENWEI,ZAIYUANDAI,GEZUQUNJIANWENHUAYUZHENGZHISHANGDEXIANGHUJIDANGYUBICIYINGXIANG,GOUCHENGYUANSHIYANJIUDEZHONGXINKETI。[18]1ZHEISHUOMINGDUOYUANWENHUARONGHEDEHUANJINGDUIYUANDAISHEHUICHANSHENGLEGUANGFANERSHENKEDEYINGXIANG。

                                    牛牛游戏厅安卓,{原始关键词}   SONGDAI,LIXUEJIANGKONGMENGSUOCHANGDAODE“RENYI”DENGDAODELINIAN,TONGGUOLUNLIGANGCHANGDENGXINGWEIGUIFAN,SHANGSHENGWEIRENRENBIXUZUNSHOUDE、XIANYANDE“TIANLI”,YIDADAO“CUNTIANLI,QURENYU”DEMUDE。LIXUEGUIFANZHIXIA,RENYUELAIYUECHENGWEISHEHUIDEREN、LUNLIDEREN,RENDEZIWOKONGJIANYUELAIYUEXIAXIAO。SUOYI,SONGDAISHIYIGEQIANGDIAOSIXIANGKONGZHIYUGUIFANDECHAODAI,[19]11SONGDAIWENHUACHENGXIANCHUNEIQING、FENGBIDETEZHENGYEJIUBUZUWEIGUAI。YUANDAISHEHUIZHUANGKUANGYUSONGDAIYOUHENDABUTONG。YIFANGMIAN,MINZURONGHEDAILAILEWENHUADEDUOYUANXING,XINYANGKONGJIANDEKUODASHIDEYUANRENBUZAIYIRUXUEWEIWEIYISIXIANGYITUO,RUJIADUISHEHUISIXIANGDEKONGZHIZHUJIANJIANRUO;QICI,YUANDAIZHENGZHITONGZHIZHONGDESHIYONGZHUYIQINGXIANGYINDAOYUANDAISHEHUIYUELAIYUEZOUXIANG“WUSHI”,RENMENTUNQULESONGRUDEDAOXUEXIQI,GENGJIAZHUZHONGSIXIANGYUXINGWEIDESHEHUISHIYONGXING;ZAICI,YUANDAIWENHUAZHENGCEDEKAIFANGYUBAORONG,YIJITONGZHIZHEDUIZHONGYUANHANDIWENWUZHIDUDESHULI,SHIDEYUANRENHUODESIXIANGYUYANLUNSHANGDEGENGDUOZIYOU。ZAIZHEIXIEYINSUDEZONGHEYINGXIANGZHIXIA,YUANDAIWENHUAJINGSHENFAZHANCHUWAILUXINGDESHIDAITEZHENG。YUANDAIWENHUAJINGSHENDEZHEIZHONG“WAILU”,BIAOXIANWEIZISHANGCENGHUANGSHIZHIZHONGCENGWENSHIZAIDAODICENGMINZHONG,JIEGENGJIAGUANZHUDANGXIASHENGHUOZHUANGTAI,GANYUZHIJIEBIAODAGERENSHENGHUOGANSHOUJISIXIANGQINGGAN,ZHUIQIUWENXUEYISHUDEYULEZHUYI,BUZAIXIANGSONGRENNEIBANHANXUNEIQING、LEYUSHIJIN,BEIJUSHIDAITESE。

                                      SHANGCENGHUANGSHICENGMIAN,XIANGJIAOHANZUHUANGSHIDUIRUJIALUNLIDAODEZHIXUDEKANZHONGYUKESHOU,YUANDAITONGZHIZHEYOUYUJUEQIYUBEIFANGSHUOMO,WENMINGCHENGDUXIANGDUIJIAODI,MEIYOUHANMINZUNEIMEJIDIANSHENHOUDEJUNCHENFUZIZHEITAOFENGBI、YANMIDELUNLIDAODETIXI,SIXIANGMEIYOUSHOUDAOTAIDUOXIANZHI,YINCI,DUIDAIWENHUADEXINGWEIJITAIDUYEJIUBIAOXIANDEGENGWEIKAIFANGHEZHIJIE。JUTIBIAOXIANWEI:DIYI,WENHUAZHENGCEZHONGTOULUCHUXIANMINGDESHIYONGZHUYIQINGXIANG。LIRU,WEILEWEIHUMENGGURENDE“SHAOSHUTONGZHI”,YUANDAIZAIWENHUAZHENGCESHANGCAIQUDUOYUANWENHUAJIDUOYUANZONGJIAOZHENGCE,DUIGEZHONGWENHUAXINGTAIJIECHIKAIFANGXINGTAIDU,JIANSHOUBINGXU,YIBIMIANCHUXIANHANWENHUAYIJIADUDADEJUMIAN。ZHEIBENSHENSHIYIZHONGKAIFANGXINGDEWENHUATAIDU,DANQUEXIANXIANCHUXIANMINGDESHIYONGZHUYIQINGXIANG。DIER,DUIFUHESHENMEIBIAOZHUNDESHISUWENYIGEWAITUICHONG。YUANDAIZHIQIANDELIDAIHANZUDIWANG,DUIYUYISHUDEXUANZEJIBENDOUSHIYIGAOYAJINGZHI、FULITANGHUANGZUOWEISHENMEIBIAOZHUN,YINWEIDIWANGDESHENMEIYAODUISHEHUISHENMEIQIDAOGUIFANHEYINDAODEZUOYONG。DANZHEIYIQIEQUEZAIMENGGURENRUZHUZHONGYUANZHIHOUFASHENGLEJIAODAGAIBIAN。MENGGUTONGZHIZHERUZHUZHONGYUANZHIHOU,DUIYUGAOYAWENHUA、JINGYINGYISHUBINGMEIYOUTAIDADEXINGQU,GONGTINGZHINEIBUZAISHEZHIHUAYUANBIANSHIZHONGYAOLIZHENG,DANQUEDUITONGSUXINGDESHISUWENYIGEWAITUICHONG。ZHEISHIYINWEISHISUWENYIGENGSHIHEMENGGUTONGZHIZHEDESHENMEIKOUWEI。GUER,SHISUWENYI(RUYUANZAJU)ZAIYUANDAISHOUDAOSHANGDAOTONGZHIZHE、XIADAOSHIMINJIECENGDETICHANGHEHUANYING。

                                      ZHONGCENGWENSHICENGMIAN,XIANGJIAOYUSONGDAIWENREN,YUANDAIWENRENDEWENHUATAIDUCHUXIANLEJIZHONGZHUANXIANG。SHOUXIAN,YOUYUSHENGHUOJINGYUDEGAIBIAN,YUANDAIWENRENXIACHENJINRUPUTONGSHEHUISHENGHUO,QUDIAOJIANJITIANXIADELIXIANGSUQIUZHIHOU,GERENXINGWEIGENGJIAZHUZHONGSHIYONG。YUANCHU,KEJUFEIQU,DAOZHI“SHIWURUSHIZHIJIE,HUOXIDAOBIYIWEILIXU,HUOZHIPUYIYISHIGUANLIAO,HUOZUOJIQIAOFANYUYIWEIGONGJIANGSHANGJIA”[10]1127。JISHIZHIHOUYANYOUKAIKE,WENRENSHIJINZHITURENGSHENWEIJIANNAN,BINGWEIGAIBIANWENRENXIACHENJINRUPUTONGSHEHUISHENGHUODESHIJIQINGKUANG。LIXU、PUYI、GONGJIANG、SHANGJIA,ZHEIXIEYUANSHIWENRENMENSUOBUCHIDE“JIANYE”,RANERZAIYANGJIAHUKOUDESHENGCUNYALIYU“ZHIYIBUTONG,YUKUOGUAYAO”DEDAODEZHIZEZHONG,YUANDAIWENRENFANGQILE“XUEERYOUZESHI”DECHUANTONGLIXIANG,CONGERHUODELEZIYOURONGRUPUTONGSHENGHUODEBIANLI。ZHEIJIUDAOZHIWENRENDEXINLIFASHENGLEYIDINGGAIBIAN。XIANGJIAOSONGDAIWENREN,TAMENDUIYURENSHENGDERENSHIGENGSATUO,HUOZHESHUOGENGJIEJINBENSE——SHENGHUOZHONGBENLAIMEINEIMEDUOSHENSHENGDE、ZHUANGYANDESHI,YINERRENYEBUBIGUOYUJIAOTIAOHEJIANGHUA;BINGQIE,ZAITAMENXINZHONG,MEIYOULE“KEJING”HE“KEWEI”DESHIQING,JINGSHENYEGENGDEDAOLEJIEFANG。[20]117YINCI,YUANDAIWENRENBUZAIXIANGSONGDAIWENRENNEIBANJIAOTIAOYUJIANGHUA,GENGDUOLEJIFENZHENSHIYUYOUMO;BUXIANGSONGDAIWENRENNEIBANJINSHOULUNLIGANGCHANG,GENGLEYUGAODAOGEXING、ZHANGYANGZIWO;BUZAIDUISHIJINBAOYOUHUANXIANG,GENGJIAGUANZHUDANGXIADESHENGHUOZHUANGTAI,SHENZHIDUIERMUSHENGSEZHILEYIBUBIHUI。

                                      QICI,ZHANZHENGDEXILIJISIXIANGXINYANGKONGJIANDEKUODA,SHIDEYUANDAIWENRENZAIMIANDUICHUSHIYUGUIYINWENTISHIBIAOXIANDEGENGWEIZHENSHIYUSATUO。YUANCHU,JINGLILEJINYUANJISONGYUANYIDINGZHANZHENGDEWENREN,CHANSHENGLEYUTAIPINGSHIQIWENRENBUTONGDESHENGMINGGANWU,JINGLIZHANLUANCUNHUOXIALAIYISHIMODAXINGSHI。DUIYUTAMENLAISHUO,GONGMINGLILUYIJINGXIANDEBUZAINEIMEZHONGYAO,NENGGOUANDUYUSHENGFANERXIANDEGENGWEIXIANSHI。YUSHI,TAMENDUIYUYIYINYISUDESHENGHUOFANGSHIBIAOXIANCHUPUBIANDERENTONG,SHENZHIBIAOXIANCHUDUIYUERMUSHENGSEHEKOUFUZHILEDEKUANGREZHUIQIU。ZHEIZHONGSHENGHUOTAIDUJIFANGSHIQISHIGUANCHUANYUANDAISHEHUISHIZHONG。ZHIYUANDAIHOUQI,WENRENSIXIANGGENGJIAZIYOUDICHURUYURU、DAO、SHIZHIJIAN,MIANDUISHIJINKUNJINGERXUANZEGUIYINYIRANCHENGWEIWENRENMENDEPUBIANXUANZE。YUANDAIHOUQIJIANGNANWENRENBULESHIJIN,GANYUGUIYIN,PAOKAIRUJIANEITAOSHEHUIZERENGAN,GUOZHEYIYAYISUDEYINYISHENGHUO,BUBIWUZHIXIANGLEJIWENRENQINGQUDEZHUIQIU,CHENMIANYUSHIJIUSHUHUAZHIZHONG,SHENZHIYOUJINGSHIHAISUDEXINGWEI,JIWEICILEI。TAMENDESHIGEYOUYIZHONGHUIGUIZIRANDEQINGXIANG,CHONGYIZHEKENDINGZIWO,ZHANGYANGGEXINGDEGEXINGHUAJINGSHEN。[20]57QIAN、HOUSUIRANYUANYINBUTONG,DANYUANDAIQUESHIYOUYIDAPIWENRENXUANZEGUIYIN,PAOQUESHIJINZHINIAN,HUODEGENGJIAZHENSHIHESUIXING。XIANGBISONGRU,YUANDAIWENRENGENGJIAZHIJIEHEWAILU。CHENJIANHUAXIANSHENGJIURENWEI,YUANMODONGNANYANHAICHENGSHIWENHUAZHUZHONGGEXINGYUCHUANGZAO,FUYULEGUANHEKAITUOJINGSHEN,YUWENYIFUXINGSHIDEYIDALIYIGUITONGBU,YAOXIANGHUIYING。[21]ZHEIQISHISHIZAISHUOYUANDAIWENRENZAIPAOQUESHIGONGZHINIANZHIHOU,DUIGERENSHENGHUO、SIXIANGJIQINGGANDEZHIJIEBIAODA,GENGJUJINBUYIYI。

                                      ZAICI,DEYIYUKUANSONGYUBAORONGDEWENHUAHUANJING,YUANDAIWENRENSIXIANGJIYANLUNBIAODAGENGJIAZIYOU。YUANDAIWENHUAZHENGCEHENZHONGYAODEYIGEFANGMIANJIUSHIDUIGUONEIGEZUJINXINGFENHUA,ZUNZHONGGEZUZHI“BENSU”ERBUJIJIJIAYITONGHE,YEJIUSHIDESHEHUIJIAZHIGENGWEIDUOYUAN,WENHUAHUANJINGXIANGDUIKUANSONG。QINGRENLICIMINGDUIYUANDAISHEHUIWENHUAHUANJINGYOURUCIPINGJIA,“ZHONGYUANSHIBAINIAN,NEINANLVZUO。DACHENWANGWANGZHISI,ERWENCHENWUGANJIAXIANHAIZHE。QIYICHAODUWUWENZIZHIYU,FEIHOUSHISUOKEJIYE”[22]348。YUANDAISUIRANMEIYOU“WENZIYU”QUEYOU“WENZIAN”,DANQIJIEJUEFANGSHIJIZUIZHONGJIEGUOJIEZHANGXIANCHUYUANDAIWENHUAHUANJINGDEKUANSONG。YUANDAI“LIANGDONGSHIAN”PONENGSHUOMINGWENTI。YOUDAOSHIGAOFASHIRENLIANGDONGXIESHI“BANGSHANCHAOTING,YOUSISONGZHIXIN”,DANDANGSHILIBUQUERENWEI“SHIRENYINYONGQINGXING,BUKEWUYIBANGSHAN。TANGSHISHIBANGSHAN,YIFEITANGTANGTIANCHAOSUOBUNENGRONGZHE”[23]64。“FEITANGTANGTIANCHAOSUOBUNENGRONGZHE”,ZHENGXIANSHILEGUANFANGDEDADUYUBAORONG,BIZHISONGDAIYIKEWEIKUANSONGLEXUDUO。ZHENGSHIYOUYUYUANDAIWENHUAZHENGCEDEKUANSONG,YUANDAIWENRENXIEZUOJISIXIANGBIAODAJIBENWUJINJI,GENGWEIZHIJIEYUWAILU,LIANLIDAIDOUTEBIEJIANGJIUDEBIHUI,YUANRENYEBUZENMEZAIYI。SUOYI,YUANRENXIANGXIESHENME,ZENMEXIE,YAOBIAODASHENME,DOUYOUCHONGFENDEZIYOU。ZHEIYOUSHIYUANDAISHIWENJUYOUBIAODAZHIBAI、WUJIHUIDENGTEDIAN,YUCIXIANGGUANDE,SHIPENGJISHIZHENGJISHISHISHIDUO。[24]

                                      YUANDAIDEXIACENGMINZHONGZHUYAOYOU“ZHUSEHUJI”ZHONGDEGEZHONGHUJIJIDALIANGQUKOUHENULIZUCHENG。YUSONGDAIXIANGBI,YOUYUTUDIJIANBINGXIANXIANGDEJIAJUJICHENGSHIJINGJIDEFAZHAN,XIANGCUNCHUXIANDALIANGZUZHONGDIANHU,CHENGSHIZEYONGXIANCHUYIDAPIYIKAOSHOUGONGJIYISHENGHUODEZIYOUZHIYEZHE。ZHENGRUMAZUCHANGSUOYAN:“JINLAIGONGSHANGFUCHI,YOUSHOUZHONGDUO,QULONGMUZHIYE,JIUSHIJINGZHIMO。”[25]YUANDAI“ZHUSEHUJI”ZHIDUJINULI、QUKOUZHIDUJIBENQUANDINGLEMINZHONGDESHIDAISHENFENJISHEHUIDIWEI,BINGQIEHENNANGAIBIAN。SONGREN“CHAOWEITIANSHELANG,MUDENGTIANZITANG”DEJINQULIXIANGZAINANSHIXIAN。YUSHI,ZAILAOZUOZHIYURUHEXUNZHAONENGRANGZIJIKUAILEDESHIQINGBIANCHENGWEIZHONGYAOSHENGHUOXUQIU。ZHENGSHIYINGHEZHEIZHONGYULEZHUYIDEQINGXIANG,JUYOUYULEGONGNENGDESHISUWENYIZAIYUANDAIXUNSUFAZHAN。SHISUWENYIYIYULEXINGJIQIANGDEXINGSHIWEISHIMINJIECENGTIGONGXIUXIANYUXIAOQIAN,QINEIRONGTIEJINSHIMINRICHANGSHENGHUOXIANSHI,ZHANZAITAMENDEDAODELICHANGSHANG,YITAMENDESHENMEIQUXIANGHEWENHUASHUIZHUNWEIJIDILAIYINGDESHIMINDERENTONG。YUANZAJUZAIYUANDAIDEXINGSHENGBIANSHIYINWEIFUHELESHIMINJIECENGDESHENMEIXIHAO。LIAOBENXIANSHENGZAILUNJIYUANDAIXIQUWENWUYICUNSHIZHICHU,“TAJISHIXIQUWENHUASHENGHUOGAODUFADADEBIAOZHI,YOUFANYINGCHUDANGSHISHEHUISHISUXINLIDEYIGEBIANHUA,JIDUIXIANSHIXIANGLEDECHENMIANRIYIYANGAILEXUNQIUMINGSHIDEZAOFU,RENMENDEZHUYILIGENGJIAJIZHONGYUSHENGHUOZHONGDEXIQUWENHUAYULE,GUOQUYONGYUMUZANGJIANSHEDETOUZIXIANZAIZHUANYIZHISHENMIAOWUTAIDEJIANZHU——JINGUANZHEIZHONGBIANHUABEICHONGSHENGUANNIANSUOCHONGDAN”[26]34-35。DUIYUWENXUEYISHUYULEGONGNENGDEZHUIQIU,ZHENGFANYINGLEYUANDAIXIACENGMINZHONGWENHUATAIDUDEZHIJIEYUWAILU。YUANRENHUZHIYUYAN:“HOUSHIMINFENGJIQIAO,SUIJIAOYESHANLINZHIRENYIZHITANXIAO,YIJIENONGWUYUXI。”[27]YUANDAIXIACENGMINZHONGDUIYULEZHUYIDEZHUIQIUKEJIANYICHENGYIDAIFENGQI。

                                      四、结语

                                    牛牛游戏厅安卓,{原始关键词}   YOUSONGRUYUAN,HENNANSHUOSHI“BIANGE”。YINWEIYUANDAISHEHUIDEHENDUOFANGMIANSHIZAIJICHENGSONGDAISHEHUIXINGTAIJICHUZHISHANGFAZHANERLAIDE,DANYUANDAISHEHUIQUESHIZAIHENDUOFANGMIANBIAOXIANCHUYUSONGDAISHEHUIDEBUTONG。YUANDAISHEHUISIXIANGDEDUOYUANBINGSHENG,YIMENGGUZUWEIDAIBIAODESHAOSHUMINZUWENHUADUIHANZUWENHUADE“HANHUA”FAZHAN,WENRENQUYIXIACHENBINGMIANLINSHIJINKUNJING,YIJIHANZUWENRENDUINANSONGSHEHUIDEPIPANXINGFANSI,ZHEIXIEYINSUDECUNZAIDOUSHIDEYUANDAISHEHUICONGYIKAISHIJIUJUBEIQUBIEYUSONGDAIDETEZHI,YICHENGJIULEYUANDAISHEHUISIXIANGJIEFANGDEJUMIAN。

                                    牛牛游戏厅安卓,{原始关键词}   YUANDAISHEHUISIXIANGJIEFANGJUTIKEYIGAIKUOWEI:SHOUXIAN,KENDINGGETIDECUNZAIJIAZHIHEYIYI。YUSONGDAILIXUEQIANGDIAOGUIFANHEYUESHUXIANGBI,YUANDAILIXUEKAISHIBIAOXIANCHUDUIGETIJIAZHIDEKENDINGHEZANYANG,BINGQIANGDIAORENKEYITONGGUOHOUTIANDENULIGAIBIANZIJIDEMINGYUN。QICI,WENRENPIPANXINGSIWEIDEXIANXIAN。NANSONGMIEWANGZHIHOU,HANZUWENRENYUNYONGPIPANXINGSIWEIFANSINANSONGMIEWANGDEYUANYIN,SHEJILIXUE、KEJU、WENYILINGYU,XIANXIANCHUSIXIANGDESHENKEXING,BINGQIEZHEIZHONGFANSIZHIJIEYINGXIANGLEYUANDAISHEHUISIXIANGJIWENHUAZHIXUDEZHONGJIAN。ZAICI,WAILUXINGWENHUATAIDUDEXINGCHENG。XIANGBILIANGSONGSHIQI,YUANDAIWENHUAJINGSHENXIANXIANCHUWAILUYUZHIJIEDESHIDAITESE。YUANRENGENGJIAGUANZHUXIANSHISHIJIE,CHONGSHANGSHENGHUODEYULEHUAYUSHISUHUA,ZAIQINGGANBIAODASHANGYIGENGWEIKUODA,DUIJINGJILIYIDEZHUIQIUYEGENGWEIZHIJIE。SUOYI,XIANGJIAOYUSONGDAISHEHUISIXIANGDENEIQINGYUFENGBI,KEYISHUO,YUANDAISHEHUISIXIANGCHUXIANLE“JIEFANGXING”DEJUMIAN。

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