牛牛游戏厅安卓,{原始关键词}

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                          • 当前位置: 代写一篇论文多少钱 > 社会哲学论文 > 先秦道家思想对王充思想的影响探究

                            先秦道家思想对王充思想的影响探究

                            时间:2019-01-15 10:29作者:颜莉
                            本文导读:这是一篇关于先秦道家思想对王充思想的影响探究的文章,王充“天道自然无为”思想,在《论衡》中随处可见。王充本人认为,自己在论述“自然”之说时是“试依道家论之”(《论衡·自然》);其天道思想“合黄老之义”(《论衡》)。

                              摘    要: “自然”“天”与“气”是王充哲学思想的核心概念。王充认为“天”是自然的“天”,“气”是自然的“气”,“气”是构成万事万物的物质基础,“天”也由“气”构成,“天道自然无为”思想也建立在以“气”为万物本原的基础之上。王充继承道家自然主义思想,提出“自然无为”的天道思想;吸收道家的“气自然”论,建立了自己的元气论。王充对道家的“自然”“天”“气”等概念进行了吸收与发展。

                              关键词:牛牛游戏厅安卓,{原始关键词} 王充; 先秦道家; 自然; 天; 气;

                              《LUNHENG》TIJIDAOJIASIXIANGHEDAOJIADAIBIAORENWUDECISHUSUIRANBUDUO,DANSHI,DAOJIASIXIANGDUIWANGCHONGSIXIANGDEYINGXIANGJIAODAQUESHIBUZHENGDESHISHI。ZHOUGUIDIANRENWEI,《LUNHENG》ZHONGSHEJILAOZIDEWENZIKEYIFENWEISANLEI:“YISHIYINKONGZIBALAOZIBIZUOLONGDEHUA”“ERSHITIANDAOZIRANWUWEI”“SANSHITIANDANWUYU、QUANSHENYANGXING、YANNIANDUSHI”[1]227。WANGCHONG“TIANDAOZIRANWUWEI”SIXIANG,ZAI《LUNHENG》ZHONGSUICHUKEJIAN。WANGCHONGBENRENRENWEI,ZIJIZAILUNSHU“ZIRAN”ZHISHUOSHISHI“SHIYIDAOJIALUNZHI”(《LUNHENG·ZIRAN》);QITIANDAOSIXIANG“HEHUANGLAOZHIYI”(《LUNHENG》)。HUSHIRENWEI,WANGCHONG“TICHUZIRANZHUYI,HUIFUXIHANCHUQIDEDAOJIAZHEXUE,TIHOULAIWEI、JINDEZIRANPAIZHEXUEDAXIAYIGEWEIDADEXINJICHU”[2]1267-1294。

                              一、天道自然无为

                              WANGCHONGSUIRANMEIYOUZHIJIEYINYONGDAOJIA“TIANDAOZIRANWUWEI”SIXIANG,DANSHIDAOJIA“TIANDAOZIRANWUWEI”SIXIANGQUEGUANCHUANZHEZHENGBU《LUNHENG》,LIUTANGZAI《LUNHENG》DEZILIXINGJIAN。DAOJIA“TIANDAOZIRANWUWEI”SIXIANGDUIWANGCHONGZHEXUEDEYINGXIANGZHIDASHIXIANERYIJIANDE,DANSHIWANGCHONGYIRANBINGZHE“JIXUWANG”DEZHIXUEYUANZE,JIJIXISHOUTIANWENXUEZHISHIBINGYINRUZIJIDEZHEXUETIXI,YONGYICHEDIDIFANDUIDANGSHIBEIHANRURENGEHUALEDETIAN。ZHENGRUWANGCHONGZIJISUOSHUO:“DAOJIALUNZIRAN,BUZHIYINSHIWUYIYANQIYANXING,GUZIRANZHISHUOWEIJIANXINYE。”(《LUNHENG·ZIRAN》)DAOJIAZAILUN“ZIRANZHISHUO”SHIBUDONGDEYONGJUTISHIWUZUOLUNJU,SHIDEDAOJIA“ZIRANZHISHUO”QUEFASHISHIZHICHENG,YINERMEIYOUBEIRENMENPUBIANJIESHOU。WANGCHONGDAPOLEDAOJIA“BUZHIYINSHIWUYIYANQIYANXING”DEJUXIAN,ZAI《LUNHENG》ZHONGLIEJULEDALIANGSHISHIYANZHENGQI“ZIRANZHISHUO”。LIRU,ZAIBOCHIRUJIA“TIANRENGANYING”SHUO,LUNZHENGTIANSHIZIRANDEKEGUANCUNZAIDEWUZHISHITISHI,WANGCHONGYOUXIANGXIDELUNSHU,“HEYIZHITIANWUKOUMUYE?YIDIZHIZHI。DIYITUWEITI,TUBENWUKOUMU。TIANDI,FUFUYE,DITIWUKOUMU,YIZHITIANWUKOUMUYE。SHITIANTIHU?YIYUDITONG。SHITIANQIHU?QIRUOYUNYAN,YUNYANZHISHU,ANDEKOUMU?”(《LUNHENG·ZIRAN》)TIANSHI“TI”FEI“QI”,YINWEITIANHEDISHITONGLEI,DIMEIYOU“KOUMU”,GUTIANYEMEIYOU“KOUMU”。ZHENGYINWEITIANWU“KOUMU”,SUOYITIANSHI“ZIRANWUWEI”DE。WANGCHONGPIANHAOYONGSHENGHUOZHONGKEYIKANJIANDESHIWUYUKEYITINGJIANDECHUANWENLAILUNZHENGQISIXIANGDEHELIXING,ZHEIYESHIWANGCHONGZHEXUEDEMEILISUOZAI。

                            牛牛游戏厅安卓,{原始关键词}   《LUNHENG》ZHONGYOUDALIANGDEPIANFUSHEJI“TIANDAOZIRANWUWEI”SIXIANG。RUZAI《LUNHENG·TANTIAN》PIANZHONG,WANGCHONGRENWEI,TIANSHIZIRANJIEDEWUZHISHITI,“TIANDI,HANQIZHIZIRANYE”,“TIAN,TI,FEIQIYE”;ZAI《LUNHENG·ZIRAN》PIANZHONG,WANGCHONGXIANGXIDILUNSHULE“ZIRANWUWEI”DEZIRANGUAN,RENWEITIAN、DISHIKEGUANCUNZAIDEWUZHISHITI,RENHEWANWUSHIYOUTIAN、DIYUNDONGSHIFANGCHULAIDE“TIANDANWUYU”“WUWEIWUSHI”ZHI“QI”SUOGOUCHENG,SHIZIRANERRANCHANSHENGDE;ZAI《LUNHENG·QIANGAO》PIANZHONG,WANGCHONGMINGQUEZHICHU,TIANSHIWUYISHIDEWUZHISHITI,SUOYI,GEZHONGZIRANXIANXIANGDEFASHENGZHISHIZHENGCHANGDEZIRANXIANXIANG,BINGFEITIANYOUYISHIDEQIANGAO;ZAI《LUNHENG·WENHAN》PIANZHONG,WANGCHONGTONGGUO“TIANDAOZIRAN,ZIRANWUWEI”SIXIANG,DECHUJUNZHUDEXINUHEXINGSHANGBUNENGJUEDINGTIANQIDEHANWEN,JUNZHUDEXINUAILEBUNENGYINGXIANGTIANQI,TIANQIYEBUNENGYINGXIANGZHENGZHI,HAIRENWEIJIANG“RENSHI”“ZHENGSHI”TONGTIANQIDEHANWENLIANXIQILAISHIFEICHANGHUANGMIUDEXINGWEI;ZAI《LUNHENG·BIANDONG》ZHONG,WANGCHONGRENWEI,ZIRANBIANHUAKEYIYINGXIANGRENHEWU,DAN“RENBUNENGDONGDI,ERYIBUNENGDONGTIAN”,YINWEI“HANSHUYOUJIE,BUWEIRENGAIBIANYE”,JUNZIDEXIANMINGYUFOUBUHUIPOHUAI“CHUNSHENGERQIUSHA”DEZIRANGUILV,RENDEZHICHENGZHIXINYEBUHUIGAIBIANSIJIGENGTIDEZIRANGUILV。

                              二、天自然

                              先秦诸子的着作中没有不论说“天”的,老、庄也不例外。《老子》最先提出“天道自然无为”的思想,如《老子》第四十二章“道生一,一生二,二生三,三生万物”;《老子》第二十五章“人法地,地法天,天法道,道法自然”。老子是从“道”入手,进而论及“天”,“道”是《老子》哲学中最高的概念,是世界万物的本源,也是宇宙运行的总规律。中国哲学中的天,大约有三类:一类是自然之天;一类是主宰之天;第三类是义理之天。在以老、庄为代表的道家学派看来,天具有自然性、无意志性以及物质性,道家的“天”属于自然之天的范畴。“自然”一词以哲学概念出现始于《老子》,有“本然”之意,如“人法地,地法天,天法道,道法自然”(《老子》第二十五章)。从老子开始,“自然”就是道家的最高追求。
                             

                            先秦道家思想对王充思想的影响探究
                             

                              ZAIZHONGGUOGUDAIDIANJIZHONG,TIANDEHANYIYOULIANGFANGMIAN,ZIRANZHITIANHESHENLINGZHITIAN[3]60。DAOJIAZHITIANYIBANZHIZIRANZHITIAN,QIANGDIAOTIANDEZIRANSHUXING。《LAOZI》ZHONG,“TIAN”ZIGONGCHUXIAN29CI,JUNZHIWUYIZHI、WUDAODESHUXINGDEZIRANZHITIAN。RU《LAOZI》DIWUZHANG“TIANDIBUREN,YIWANWUWEICHUGOU”,ZHITIANDIWUSUOWEIRENCI,DUIDAIWANWURUTONGDUIDAICHUGOUYIBAN,RENPINGWANWUZISHENGZIMIE。LIANGQICHAORENWEI,LAOZI“CHITIANWEIBUHUI、BUPING、BUCHE、BUJUNQIDE、PIYANBUXIN、QIMINGDUOPI”[4]41,“BUHUI”“BUPING”“BUCHE”,JISHISHUOTIANDIDUIDAIWANSHIWANWUSHIPINGDENGDE,BUHUIDUISHEITEBIEHAO,YEBUHUIDUISHEITEBIEHUAI,ZHIHUISHUNQIBENXINGZIRANFAZHAN。《LAOZI》DISANSHIERZHANG“TIANDIXIANGHE,YIJIANGGANLIN,MINMOZHILINGERZIJUN”,ZHITIANDIJIANYINYANGZHIQIXIANGHE,BIANZIRANQIEJUNYUNDIJIANGXIALEGANLUZIYANGWANWU。RENLEIMIANDUIZIRANZHIYAOKEYI“WUWEI”,BINGNENGGOUZUNZHONGZIRANGUILV,JIUKEYIZIRANERRANDIHUODEDAOBENGAIDEDAODE。《LAOZI》DIQIZHANG“TIANDIZHANGJIU。TIANDISUOYIZHANGQIEJIUZHE,YIQIBUZISHENG,GUNENGZHANGSHENG”,TIANDIZHISUOYIZHANGQIEJIU,SHIYINWEITIANDIBUSHIWEILEZIJIERSHENG,ERSHIWEILEWANWUERSHENG,SUOYINENGGOUZHANGSHENG。JISHISHUOYINWEITIANDIBUSHI“YOUWEI”DECUNZAI,SUOYITIANDICAIHUI“ZHANGSHENG”。

                              《ZHUANGZI》JICHENG《LAOZI》“DAO”DEBENZHISHUXING,BUTONGDESHI,ZHUANGZISHICHANGYONG“TIAN”TIDAI“DAO”, BINGJIANG“TIAN”ZHIYUTONG“DAO”QIGAODEWEIZHI。《ZHUANGZI》ZHONGDE“TIAN”YOULIANGCENGHANYI:YISHIZIRANJIE。RU“BUYIXINSUNDAO,BUYIRENZHUTIAN”(《ZHUANGZI·DAZONGSHI》),SHUODESHICONGMINGZHIRENSHUNYINGZIRAN,BUHUIQUPOHUAIZIRANGUILV,GENGBUHUIQUYINGXIANGZIRAN、GANRAOTIANDAO。TIANDIWANWUZIWEIZIHUA,BUYAORENWEIDIQUGANYUZIRANFAZHANDEJINCHENG,BUYAOWEIBEIZIRANGUILV,YAOZUNZHONGKEGUANGUILV。DIERCENGHANYISHIZIRANERRAN。RU“NIUMASIZU,SHIWEITIAN;LUOMASHOU,CHUANNIUBI,SHIWEIREN”(《ZHUANGZI·QIUSHUI》)。ZAIZHUANGZIKANLAI,SUOWEI“TIAN”,JIUSHITIANSHENGRUHEJIURUHE,BUYIRENWEIDEWAIZAIYINSUQUGANRAOGETIZISHENDEFAZHAN;SUOWEI“REN”,JIUSHIJIANGRENWEIDEWAIZAIYINSUQIANGJIAYUWU,RU“LUOMASHOU”“CHUANNIUBI”。ZHEILIDE“TIAN”ZHIZIRANRUCI、SHUNZIRANERXING,BUYIRENDEYIZHIQUGAIBIANZIRAN;“REN”ZHIRENWEIZAOZUO、WEIBEIZIRAN,YIRENDEYIZHIQUGAIBIANZIRAN。KEJIAN,ZHUANGZIQIANGDIAODESHIWANWUDEBENYUANZHUANGTAI。BULUNCONGZIRANJIEDECENGMIANKAN,HAISHICONGZIRANERRANDEZHUANGTAIKAN,ZHUANGZIQIANGDIAODEDOUSHIDUIZIRANDECHONGSHANGYIJIDUIRENWEIDEFANDUI。

                              WANGCHONGXISHOUDAOJIAZHITIANDEZIRANSHUXING,BINGYICIZUOWEILILUNWUQIPENGJIRUJIA“TIANRENGANYING”SHUO。WANGCHONGJIANGZHENGGESHIJIEDEWUZHICUNZAIFENWEILELIANGLEI:YILEISHIYOUXINGDE“TI”;YILEISHIWUXINGDE“QI”[5]55。《LUNHENG·TANTIAN》PIAN:“TIANDI,HANQIZHIZIRANYE。”“TIAN,TI,FEIQIYE。”TIANSHI“TI”HAISHI“QI”?DUIYUZHEIGEWENTIWANGCHONGBUDANMEIYOUJICHUMINGQUEDEDAAN,ERQIEZUOCHURUXIALIANGZHONGJIERANBUTONGDETUICE:

                              SHITIANTIHU,ERGAOBUNENGWENRENYAN。SHITIANQIHU,QIRUOYUNYAN,ANNENGTINGRENCI。(《LUNHENG·BIANXU》)

                            牛牛游戏厅安卓,{原始关键词}   SHITIANTIHU?YIYUDITONG。SHITIANQIHU?QIRUOYUNYAN,YUNYANZHISHU,ANDEKOUMU。(《LUNHENG·ZIRAN》)

                            牛牛游戏厅安卓,{原始关键词}   WANGCHONGMEIYOUKENDINGTIANSHI“QI”HAISHI“TI”。ZHOUGUIDIANRENWEI,“ZAITIANSHITIHAISHIQIDEWENTISHANG,WANGCHONGBIJIAOQINGXIANGRENWEITIANSHITI,ERYOUBUWANQUANFOUDINGTIANSHIQIDESHUOFA”[6]28。《LUNHENG》ZHONGHAIYOUWANGCHONGKENDINGTIANSHI“TI”FEI“QI”DELUNSHU,RU:

                              TIAN,TI,FEIQIYE。(《LUNHENG·TANTIAN》)

                              FUTIANZHETIYE,YUDIWUYI。(《LUNHENG·BIANXU》)

                              FUTIANZHE,TIYE,YUDITONG。(《LUNHENG·SIYI》)

                            牛牛游戏厅安卓,{原始关键词}   TIANDIYOUTI,GUNENGDONGYAO。(《LUNHENG·BUSHI》)

                              TIANZHIYUDI,JIETIYE。DIWUXIA,ZETIANWUSHANGYI。(《LUNHENG·DAOXU》)

                              RUZHEYUE:TIANQIYE。RUSHILUNZHI,TIANTI,FEIQIYE。(《LUNHENG·TANTIAN》)

                              TIANYUDIZUOWEI“TI”DECUNZAI,YUWANWUSHIBUTONGDE,QUBIEZAIYUWANWUSHIBING“QI”ERCHENGDE。WANGCHONGLUN“TIAN”,LUNDESHITIANDEKEGUANWUZHIXING。《LUNHENG·MINGLU》PIAN:“RICHAOCHUERMURU,FEIQIUZHIYE,TIANDAOZIRAN。”《LUNHENG·BIANXU》PIAN:“TIANDAOZIRAN,RENSHIBUNENGQUEYE。”TIANSHIKEGUANCUNZAIDEWUZHISHITI,ANYIDINGDEYUNXINGGUILVYUNXING,BUYIRENDEYIZHIWEIZHUANYI。WANGCHONGDADANXISHOUDANGSHITIANWENXUEDEZUIXINCHENGGUO,JIANGZHIYINRUZIJIDEZHEXUETIXINEI。RU《LUNHENG·BIANXU》PIAN:“FUTIANZHETIYE,YUDIWUYI。”ZHEILIDE“TIAN”SHOUDAOLEDANGSHITIANWENXUEZHONGGAITIANSHUODEYINGXIANG,YOUZIRANSHUXINGHEWUZHISHUXING。

                              三、气自然

                              WANGCHONGRENWEI,“QI”SHIWUYISHI、“ZIRANWUWEI”DECUNZAI,SHICHANSHENGHEGOUCHENGTIANDIWANWUDEYUANSHIWUZHI。“YUANQI”ZUOWEIYUZHOUWANWUZHIBEN,TIAN、DI、WANWUJIEBING“YUANQI”ERSHENG。《LUNHENG·TANTIAN》PIAN:“YUANQIWEIFEN,HUNDUNWEIYI。”《LUNHENG·SIHUI》PIAN:“YUANQI,TIANDIZHIJINGWEIYE。”《LUNHENG·YANDU》PIAN:“WANWUZISHENG,JIEBINGYUANQI。”《LUNHENG·TANTIAN》PIAN:“TIANDI,HEQIZHIZIRANYE。”WANGCHONGTONGGUO“YUANQI”WEI“YUZHOUWANWUZHAODAOLEYIGETONGYIDE、XINGERSHANGDEZHEXUEBENYUAN”[7]99,BINGRENWEI“QI”SHI“GOUCHENGRENHEWANWUDEWUZHIYUANSU”[8]205。《LUNHENG》ZHONGYOUXUDUOGUANYU“QI”DELUNSHU,RU《LUNHENG·ZIRAN》PIAN:“QIYE,TIANDANWUYUWUWEIWUSHIZHEYE。”“QIRUOYUNYAN,YUNYANZHISHU,ANDEKOUMU。”“TIANZHIDONGXINGYE,SHIQIYE,TIDONGQINAICHU,WUNAISHENGYAN。”YISHANGZHONGZHONG,JIETIXIANLEYUANQILUNZAIWANGCHONGSIXIANGTIXIZHONGDEZHONGYAODIWEI。ZHANGLIWENRENWEI,“WANWUHERENLEIDEZISHENGZIWEI,ZONGLIBUKAIQI”;“QICHENGWEITIANYURENSHENGWUSHENGZIDEZHONGJIE,BUJINTIANYURENDEHUODONGBUNENGLIKAIQI,ERQIETIANYURENBENSHENYUNHANZHEQI”[9]。

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                            牛牛游戏厅安卓,{原始关键词}   《LAOZI》DISISHIERZHANG:“DAOSHENGYI,YISHENGER,ERSHENGSAN,SANSHENGWANWU。WANWUFUYINERBAOYANG,CHONGQIYIWEIHE。”SHUODESHI“DAO”CHUANGSHENGWANWUDEGUOCHENG。LAOZIRENWEI,“DAO”SHIWANWUDEZONGGENYUAN,BINGYONG“YI”DAITI“DAO”,YOUYI“ER”DAIZHIYINYANGERQI,YINYANGERQIXIANGHUZUOYONGCHANSHENGKEYISHENGCHENGWANWUDE“SAN”。“CHONGQI”ZHIDESHIBUDUANYUNDONGZHEDEYINYANGERQI,ZHEIZHONGYINYANGERQIXIANGHUCHONGTU、XIANGHUJIAOHEERCHENGWEIJUNYUNHEXIEDEZHUANGTAI,CONGERXINGCHENGXINDETONGYITI。KEJIAN,WANWUZAI“CHONGQI”ZHONGCHANSHENG。YINYANGERQIHUXIANGZUOYONG、XIANGHUJIAOLIU,HEHESHENGCHENGWANWU。WANGCHONGJICHENGBINGFAZHANLELAOZI“CHONGQIYIWEIHE”、ZHUANGZI“LIANGZHEJIAOTONGCHENGHEERWUSHENGYAN”SIXIANG,“YIFANGMIANJIANGYINYANGERQIKANCHENGSHIQIBENYUANNEIZAIDESHUXING,ZHEIYU《YICHUAN》YINYANGLILUNSHIYIZHIDE;LINGYIFANGMIAN,WANGCHONGRENWEI,ZHIYOUYINYANGERQIHEXIE,YUZHOUWANWUCAINENGZHENGCHANGDIHUAYU”[7]102。YOUCIKEJIAN,WANGCHONGGUANYUYINYANGERQIDELILUNSHIDUI《LAOZI》《ZHUANGZI》《YICHUAN》ZHONGDE“HEQI”SIXIANGDEJICHENGYUFAZHAN。JUTIRU“FUTIANDIHANQI,WUOUZISHENGYI”(《LUNHENG·WUSHI》);“FURENZHISUOYISHENGYEZHE,YINYANGQIYE”(《LUNHENG·DINGGUI》)。TIANSHANGDEQIYUDISHANGDEQIXIANGHUJIEHE,WANWUBIANOURANZISHENG,TIANSHANGDEQIYUDISHANGDEQIZHIDESHIYINYANGERQI。YINYANGERQIDECUNZAIFANGSHISHI“ZIRANWUWEI”DE,KEYIXIANGHUZUOYONG、XIANGHUGANYING、XIANGHUZHUANHUA,YINYANGERQIDEYUNDONGBIANHUADEGUOCHENGYESHI“ZIRANWUWEI”DE。“QI”ZAIWANGCHONGKANLAISHICHANSHENGHEGOUCHENGTIANDIWANWUDEYUANSHIWUZHIJICHU。WANGCHONGDUI“QI”SHENGWANWUDEGUOCHENGYOUXIANGXIDELUNSHU,RENWEI“BUDONG,QIBUSHI”;“QIBUSHI,WUBUSHENG”;“SHIQIZEWUZISHENG”(《LUNHENG·SHUORI》)。“TIANZHIDONG”HE“SHIQI”DOUSHIWUYISHI、WUMUDE、“ZIRAN”“WUWEI”DECUNZAI。《LUNHENG·ZIRAN》PIAN:“TIANDIHEQI,WANWUZISHENG。”WANWUZHISUOYICUNZAI,SHIYINWEITIANDIDE“HEQI”。TIANDIDE“HEQI”YIFANGMIANKEYIJUEDINGQIGOUCHENGMOUYIWUTIDEBENXING,LINGYIFANGMIANYESHUOMINGQIZAITIANDIWANWUXUNHUANZHONGDEBUKETIDAIXING。

                              WANGCHONGXISHOULE《ZHUANGZI》ZHONGDEYINYANGERQISHENGWANWUDESIXIANG,BINGYICILUNZHENGSHENGMINGDEQIYUAN。RU《LUNHENG·WUSHI》PIAN:“FUTIANDIHEQI,RENOUZISHENGYE。YOUFUFUHEQI,ZIZEZISHENGYE。”WANGCHONGXIGUANYONG“OU”ZILAIBIAODA“ZIRANWUWEI”DESIXIANG,“TIANDIHEQI,RENOUZISHENG”,SHUODESHIRENDESHENGMINGYOUYINYANGERQIHUASHENGERCHENG,ZHEIZHONGHUASHENGSHI“ZIRANWUWEI”DE。

                            牛牛游戏厅安卓,{原始关键词}   ZHIDECHUNWOZHIREN,BINGTIANQIDUO,GUNENGZETIAN,ZIRANWUWEI。BINGQIBOSHAO,BUZUNDAODE,BUSITIANDI,GUYUEBUXIAO。BUXIAOZHE,BUSIYE。BUSITIANDI,BULEISHENGXIAN,GUYOUWEIYE。TIANDIWEILU,ZAOHUAWEIGONG,BINGQIBUYI,ANNENGJIEXIAN?XIANZHICHUNZHE,HUANG、LAOSHIYE。HUANGZHE,HUANGDIYE;LAOZHE,LAOZIYE。HUANG、LAOZHICAO,SHENZHONGTIANDAN,QIZHIWUWEI,ZHENGSHENGONGJIERYINYANGZIHE,WUXINYUWEIERWUZIHUA,WUYIYUSHENGERWUZICHENG。(《LUNHENG·ZIRAN》)

                              “ZHIDECHUNWOZHIREN”,YINCHENGSHOU“TIANQI”DUO,SUOYINENGXIAOFATIAN,KEYIDADAOZIRANWUWEIDEJINGJIE。FANZHI,CHENGSHOUTIANDEQIBOERSHAODEREN,“BUZUNDAODE”,YUTIANDIBUTONG,SUOYIJIAO“BUXIAO”。“BUSITIANDI,BULEISHENGXIAN”,JIUSHI“YOUWEI”,JIYOUYISHIDEHUODONG。WANGCHONGDE“ZETIAN”SHOULAOZI“RENFADI,DIFATIAN,TIANFADAO,DAOFAZIRAN”(《LAOZI》DIERSHIWUZHANG)DEYINGXIANG。LAOZIRENWEI,RENLEIDEXINGWEIYINGGAIYIDIDEYUNXINGFAZEWEIFAZE,DIDEYUNXINGYITIANDEYUNXINGFAZEWEIFAZE,ERTIANDEYUNXINGZEYIDAODEFAZEWEIFAZE。JISHISHUOREN、DI、TIANDOUYI“DAO”WEIZHUNZE,“DAO”QUFAYU“ZIRAN”,“DAO”DEYUNXINGSHIYI“ZIRANWUWEI”WEIFAZE。RENYINGGAI“ZIRANWUWEI”,DIYINGGAI“ZIRANWUWEI”,TIANYINGGAI“ZIRANWUWEI”,DAOYEYINGGAI“ZIRANWUWEI”。“DAOFAZIRAN”QIANGDIAOZUNZHONGWANWUDEBENXING,ZUNXUNSHIWUDEKEGUANGUILV,SUOYIRENYEYINGGAIZUNZHONGWANWUDEBENXINGHESHIWUDEKEGUANGUILV。WANGCHONGRENWEI,TIANDIRUTONGDARONGLU,ZIRANDEBIANHUARUTONGGONGJIANG,YINWEIRENCHENGSHOUDEQIBUTONG,SUOYIBUKENENGRENRENDOUSHISHENGXIAN。“XIANZHICHUNZHE,HUANG、LAOSHIYE”,HUANGDI、LAOZIDECAOXING,SHENXINQINGJINGQIEWUSUOZHUIQIU,“ZHENGSHENGONGJI”ER“YINYANGZIHE”,“WUXINYUWEI”ER“WUZIHUA”,“WUYIYUSHENG”ER“WUZICHENG”。“ZIHE”“ZIHUA”“ZICHENG”SHIWUYISHIDEHUODONGERCHANSHENGDEJIEGUO,ZHIYOUXIANGHUANGDI、LAOZIYIBAN“TIANDAN”“WUWEI”ZHIREN,CAINENGSHIXIAN“ZIHE”“ZIHUA”“ZICHENG”。“WANWUFUYINERBAOYANG,CHONGQIYIWEIHE”(《LAOZI》DISISHIERZHANG)BUDUANYUNDONGZHEDEYINYANGERQIXIANGHUCHONGTU、XIANGHUJIAOHEERCHENGWEIJUNYUNHEXIEDEZHUANGTAI,CONGERXINGCHENGXINDETONGYITI。WANGCHONG“ZHENGSHENGONGJIERYINYANGZIHE”SHIDUILAOZIZHEIYISIXIANGDEXISHOU,RENWEIZHIYAOZUODAO“ZHENGSHENGONGJI”,YINYANGERQIJIUKEYI“ZIHE”。SUOYI,KEYIRENWEI,WANGCHONG“ZIHUA”YU“ZICHENG”DELILUNYUANYULAOZISUOWEI“WOWUWEI,ERMINZIHUA;WOHAOJING,ERMINZIZHENG;WOWUSHI,ERMINZIFU;WOWUYU,ERMINZIPO”(《LAOZI》DIWUSHIQIZHANG)。

                              ZONGSHANGSUOSHU,LAOZIQILUNDUIWANGCHONGDEYINGXIANGFEICHANGDA,KEYISHUO,WANGCHONGQILUNSHIZAILAOZIQILUNDEJICHUSHANGJINXINGDEFAZHANYUCHUANGXIN。ZAILAOZINEILI,“DAO”SHIYUZHOUDEZUIGAOFANCHOU,“QI”ZHISHIYIZHONGXINGTAI,WANGCHONGZEJIANGLAOZIZHI“DAO”YU“QI”TONGYILEQILAI。JINGUANWANGCHONGBINGWEIYANJILAOZIZHI“DAO”,DANSHI,ZAIWANGCHONGKANLAI,“YUANQI”SHIYUZHOUBENYUAN,“YUANQI”JIUSHILAOZIDE“DAO”YU“QI”DEHETI。RENHEZIRANJIEYIYANG,DOUYOU“QI”ERZIRANXINGCHENG。TIANDITONGGUO“QI”CHANSHENGWANWU,WANWUZHISUOYIBUTONG,ZUIWEIGENBENDEYUANYINZAIYUTAMENSUOHANZHI“QI”YOUBOHOUZHIFEN,JINGCUZHIBIE。WANGCHONGDUIDAOJIAZIRANZHIQIDEJICHENGYUFAZHAN,SHI“ZHONGGUOQILUNSHANYANZHICI,DADAOLETADEDIYIGEGAOFENGQI”[7]99。

                              四、结语

                              WANGCHONGJICHENGDAOJIAZIRANZHUYISIXIANG,TICHULEZIJI“ZIRANWUWEI”DETIANDAOSIXIANG;XISHOUDAOJIADE“QIZIRAN”LUN,JIANLILEZIJIDEYUANQILUN。DAOJIASIXIANGDUIWANGCHONGDEYINGXIANGBUJINJUXIANZAI“ZIRAN”“TIAN”“QI”DENGFANCHOU,ERQIEHAIJIANG“TIANDAOZIRANWUWEI”SIXIANGYINGYONGYUZHENGZHISIXIANGLINGYU,SUIRANQIZAIHENDUODIFANGWEINENGZIYUANQISHUO,DANSHI,WANGCHONGDEZHEIZHONGDADANDECHANGSHIQUEWEIHOURENDEYANJIUTIGONGLEJIEJING。CONGBENZHISHANGKAN,WANGCHONG“TIANDAOZIRANWUWEI”SIXIANGYUQITAZHUDUOSIXIANGDOUYOULIANXI,SHENZHIKEYIRENWEIWANGCHONGSIXIANGYI“TIANDAOZIRANWUWEI”ZUOWEILILUNJICHU。WANGCHONGLUN“TIAN”,TIANSHI“ZIRAN”DECUNZAI,TIANDAOYESHI“ZIRANWUWEI”DE;LUN“QI”,QIYISHI“ZIRAN”ZHIQI,WANWUJIEBINGQIERSHENG,WANWUCHANSHENGDEGUOCHENGYESHI“ZIRANWUWEI”DE;LUNTIANRENGUANXI,RENWEITIANDAOZIRANWUWEI,RENDAOYOUWEI,ZHIYAORENDAOSHUNYING“ZIRAN”BUPOHUAI“ZIRAN”JIUKEYIFUZHU“ZIRAN”;SHENZHILIANTANLUNZHENGZHI,YETICHANG“WUWEIERZHI”,DAOJIAJIANG“WUWEI”SHIWEIWEIZHENGDEFANGFA,WANGCHONGZEJIANGZHIKANCHENGWEIZHENGDEZUIGAOYUANZE,RENWEIZUIHAODEZHENGZHIFANSHISHITONGZHIZHEKEYI“BUQIUGONG”“BUQIUMING”,JUNCHENKEYI“XIANGWANGYUZHI”,ZHIYOUJUNZHU“CHUWUWEIZHISHI,XINGBUYANZHIJIAO”,BAIXINGCAIHUI“JIRANGYUTU”,JUNMIN“XIANGWANG”ERYOU“ZIRAN”,HUXIANGSHIXIAN“WUWEI”。YISHANGZHONGZHONG,DOUWEIRAOZHE“TIANDAOZIRANWUWEI”ZHEILIUGEZI,KEJIANWANGCHONGDUIDAOJIASIXIANGDEXISHOUZHIXUANZELE“TIANDAOZIRANWUWEI”DEBUFEN。SUOYI,BIZHERENWEI,SUIRANXIANQINDAOJIASIXIANGHEHANCHUHUANGLAOSIXIANGDUIWANGCHONGSIXIANGDOUCHANSHENGLEJIAODADEYINGXIANG,WANGCHONGDUIDAOJIASIXIANGDECHUANCHENGYEYOUYIDINGDEGONGXIAN,DANBUNENGYINCIJIANGWANGCHONGGUIYUDAOJIAXUEPAI。JIANGWANGCHONGCHENGWEI“HANDAIDAOJIASIXIANGDEZHONGYAOCHUANCHENGZHE”[10]XIANGDUIJIAOWEIKEGUAN。

                              参考文献

                              [1]周桂钿.虚实之辨:王充哲学的宗旨[M].福州:福建教育出版社,2015.
                              [2]黄晖.论衡校释:第四册[M].北京:中华书局,1990.
                              [3]郭清香.耶儒伦理比较研究——民国时期基督教与儒教伦理思想的冲突与融合[M].北京:中国社会科学出版社,2006.
                              [4]梁启超.先秦政治思想史[M].北京:中华书局,2015.
                              [5]李维武.王充与中国文化[M].贵阳:贵州人民出版社,2000.
                              [6]周桂钿.王充哲学思想新探[M].福州:福建教育出版社,2015.
                              [7]曾振宇.中国气论哲学研究[M].济南:山东大学出版社,2001.
                              [8]北京大学历史系《论衡》注释小组.论衡注释[M].北京:中华书局,1979.
                              [9]张立文.王充的天人之间[J].杭州师范大学学报,2010(6).
                            牛牛游戏厅安卓,{原始关键词}   [10]王雪.王充道家思想探析[J].安徽大学学报,2003(4).

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