牛牛游戏厅安卓,{原始关键词}

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                          1. 当前位置: 代写一篇论文多少钱 > 社会哲学论文 > 北宋时期黄老思想的兴盛

                            北宋时期黄老思想的兴盛

                            时间:2020-01-21 10:34作者:刘固盛
                            本文导读:这是一篇关于北宋时期黄老思想的兴盛的文章,黄老作为道家的重要一支,盛行于战国,在思想上表现出“因阴阳之大顺,采儒墨之善,撮名法之要”1的综合性,其突出的特点是将老子之道运用于治国安民的政治实践。

                              摘    要:牛牛游戏厅安卓,{原始关键词} 北宋是继西汉以后黄老思想流行的另一个高峰。北宋多数帝王有崇尚黄老之举,君臣上下共同推行,思想界互相呼应,黄老思想几乎漫延于整个北宋王朝,其中仁宗朝尤为显着。宋仁宗不仅对黄老十分推崇,并且更加自觉,在位期间被时人及后世称为太平之治,故宋仁宗才是北宋崇尚黄老最有代表性的皇帝。而宋神宗言及他对汉之文景、唐之太宗、孔子均无间然,可见黄老与儒学在国家治理上同样具有相融之处,这也是北宋黄老与西汉黄老区别之所在。

                              关键词: 北宋; 黄老思想; 宋仁宗;

                              Abstract: After the Western Han Dynasty,Huang-Lao theory again became the mainstream trend of thought in the Northern Song Dynasty,constituting another peak in the history of its development. Most emperors of the Northern Song advocated Huang-Lao theory,which was carried out jointly by the monarchs and their subjects,and the ideological circles echoed each other. Huang-Lao theory was influential throughout the Northern Song period,especially during the reign of Emperor Renzong, the most representative emperor-worshiper whose rule was hailed as the Rule of Peace by his contemporaries and later generations. And the difference between Huang-Lao theory in the Northern Song and the Western Han is precisely reflected in the comments of Emperor Shenzong, who said that Emperors Wen and Jing of Han Dynasty,Emperor Taizong of Tang Dynasty,and Confucius almost had the same views on national governance,or in other words,Huang-Lao theory and Confucianism could integrate with each other in the area of national governance.

                              Keyword: the Northern Song; Huang-Lao Theory; Emperor Renzong of Northern Song;

                            牛牛游戏厅安卓,{原始关键词}   HUANGLAOZUOWEIDAOJIADEZHONGYAOYIZHI,SHENGXINGYUZHANGUO,ZAISIXIANGSHANGBIAOXIANCHU“YINYINYANGZHIDASHUN,CAIRUMOZHISHAN,CUOMINGFAZHIYAO”1DEZONGHEXING,QITUCHUDETEDIANSHIJIANGLAOZIZHIDAOYUNYONGYUZHIGUOANMINDEZHENGZHISHIJIAN。DAOXIHANCHU,HUANGLAOSIXIANGGENGJIAZOUXIANGLEHUIHUANG,XUESHUSHANGCHUXIANLE《HUAINANZI》ZHEIYANGDEJIDACHENGZHIZUO,ZHENGZHISHANGCHENGWEIDANGSHIGUOJIADEZHIDAOSIXIANG,BINGZHIJIEDAOZHILE“WENJINGZHIZHI”。JINGUANYINHANWUDIDUZUNRUSHU,HUANGLAOZHIXUECENGYIDUDANCHUZHENGZHIWUTAI,DANRENGRANLIUCHUANBUXI,DAOTANGSONGSHIYOUCHENGZHANGXIANZHISHI,SONGDAIYOUQISHIBEISONGZESHIJIXIHANYIHOUHUANGLAOSIXIANGLIUXINGDELINGYIGEGAOFENG。BUJINJINSHISONGCHUSHENGXING,ERSHIBEISONGDUOSHUDIWANGDOUYOUCHONGSHANGHUANGLAODEJUCUO,JUNCHENSHANGXIAGONGTONGTUIXING,SIXIANGJIEHUXIANGHUYING,HUANGLAOSIXIANGJIHUMANYANYUZHENGGEBEISONGWANGCHAO,QIZHONGRENZONGCHAOYOUWEIXIANZHE。DUIYUBEISONGLIUXINGDEHUANGLAOSIXIANG,YIWANGXUESHUJIEJINJINDUISONGCHUTAIZU、TAIZONG、ZHENZONGSANDIDEQINGKUANGYOUYIXIEYANJIU,2 QITAFANGMIANZEGUANZHUSHENSHAO。DUICI,BENWENNIZUOJINYIBUTANTAO。

                              一、皇帝崇尚黄老

                              ZHAOSONGZHENGQUANJIANLIZHICHU,SHEHUIJINGJIZAODAOZHONGDAPOHUAI,GUOJIAJIXUXIUYANGSHENGXI,QINGJINGWUWEIDEHUANGLAOSIXIANGSHIFENQIHESHEHUIJIZUIGAOTONGZHIZHEDEXUYAO,SONGTAIZU、TAIZONGHEZHENZONGYESHUNYINGLEZHEIYISHIDAIYAOQIU,CHONGSHANGHUANGLAOZHIZHI。ZUOWEICHUANGYECHUITONGZHIJUNDESONGTAIZUKANCHENGYOUWEI,DANTADEWEIZHENGJUCUORENGRANJUYOUTUICHONGHUANGLAODEQINGXIANG。JU《XUZIZHITONGJIANZHANGBIAN》JUANSHIJIZAI:

                              真定苏澄善养生,为道士,居隆兴观,唐、晋间数被召,皆疾辞不赴。契丹主凡欲自立时,求僧道之有名称者加以爵命,惟澄不受。于是,上召见之,谓曰:“朕作建隆观,思得有道之士居之,师岂有意乎?”对曰:“京师浩穰,非所安也。”上亦不强。壬申,幸其所居,谓曰:“师年逾八十而容貌甚少,盍以养生之术教朕!”对曰:“臣养生,不过精思炼气耳;帝王养生,则异于是。老子曰:‘我无为而民自化,我无欲而民自正。’无为无欲,凝神太和,昔黄帝、唐尧享国永年,用此道也。”上悦,厚赐之。3
                             

                            北宋时期黄老思想的兴盛
                             

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                            牛牛游戏厅安卓,{原始关键词}   ZHEISHIJIZAISONGRENZONGTIANSHENGSINIAN(1026)DEYIJIANSHI,SONGRENZONGRENWEI《DAOZANG》SHOULUDEDIANJIDADOUWEILIANYANGFANGSHUZHILEI,BIBUSHANG《LAOZI》SHUDEJIANYUE,ZAIXIANGZHANGZHIBAIDIANCHULERENZONGSHIYOUYIYUHUANGLAODEQINGJINGZHIGUOZHIDAO。KEJIAN,SONGRENZONGDUIDAIDAOJIAO,YUQIANZHIZHENZONG、HOUZHIHUIZONGYOUMINGXIANBUTONG,TASUIRANMEIYOUMINGQUEFANDUIDAOJIAO,DANBAOCHILEYIZHONGJIAOWEISHUYUANDETAIDU,TAGANXINGQUDESHIYONGYUZHIGUODEHUANGLAOZHIDAO。RENZONGYUZHANGZHIBAITAOLUN《LAOZI》DESHI,ZAISHENZONG、ZHEZONG、HUIZONGSANCHAOWEIGUANDECHENGUANSUOZHEDE《ZHAOYU》ZHONGYEYOUYANJI,QIXUYUN:“YUQINGZHAOYINGGONGSHIWANGCENGQINGXIAOSANGUANDAOJING,SHANGYINYANQISHUBURULAOSHIWUQIANYANQINGJINGERJIANYUE,ZHANGZHIBAIYUE:‘BIXIALIUYIYUCI,NAIZHIGUOWUWEIZHISHU。’CHENFUDUSHENKAOSHENGXUNYUE:‘HANZHIWENJING,TANGZHITAIZONG,KONGZISUOWEIWUWUJIANRANZHE。’CHENYINKAOSANJUNZHIXINGSHI,ZHIHANWENZHISHU,DEYULAOZI,ERRENZUZHIZHENGDUOSIHANWEN。”16SHENKAOJISONGSHENZONG,RENZUJISONGRENZONG,CHENGUANRENWEISONGRENZONGDEZHIGUOSIXIANGHEWEIZHENGSHIJIANYUHANWENDILEISI,DOUSHIYIHUANGLAOWEIZONG。TAYOUYINSONGSHENZONGDUIWENJINGERDIJITANGTAIZONGDEPINGJIA,SHUOMINGSHENZONGYESHITUICHONGHUANGLAODE。

                              CHENGUAN(1057—1124),ZIYINGZHONG,HAOLEZHAI,NANJIANZHOU(JINSHUFUJIAN)SHAXIANREN。SONGYUANFENGERNIAN(1079)ZHONGJINSHIJIAKE,SHOUGUANHUZHOUZHANGSHUJI,QIANSHUYUEZHOUPANGUAN,QIANMINGZHOUTONGPAN、TAIXUEBOSHI、MISHUSHENGXIAOSHULANG。SONGHUIZONGJIWEI,BEIZHAOWEIYOUZHENGYAN、QIANZUOSIJIAN、ZHEZUOLANGDENGZHI。CHENGUANWEIGUANGONGZHI,FUYOUCAISHI,SHIRENCHENGQI“JIANSHUSILUZHI,GANGFANGSIDIRENJIE,MINGDAOSIHANYU”。17《SONGSHI》BENCHUANYUN:“GUANQIANHEBUYUWUJING,XIANJUJINZHUANGZICHI,YUBUGOUFA。TONGYU《YI》,SHUYANGUOJIADASHI,HOUDUOYAN。”YOUZANCHENGUANYUE:“KANGJISHUYUAN,LICHAOGUAYUAN,ERLIFAZHANGDUN、CENGBU、CAIJINGQUNJIANZHIZUI,WUSHAOWEIJI,GUSUOWEIGANGZHENGBUNAOZHEYU!”18CHENGUANZAI《ZHAOYU》ZHONGJIZAILEHANWENDICHONGSHANGHUANGLAOZHISHI,BINGSHOULULEGUANYUSONGRENZONGWEIZHENGDEBUSHAOSHILI(QIJIANYEYANJISONGSHENZONG),TONGGUOBIJIAO,TADECHULESONGRENZONGYUHANWENDITONGSHUYUCHONGSHANGHUANGLAOZHIJUNDEJIELUN。CHENGUANCHUSHENGYURENZONGCHAO,SUOJIZHISHIDANGKEXIN。JU《ZHAOYU》ZAI:

                            牛牛游戏厅安卓,{原始关键词}   CHENCHANGWEIZISANDAIYIJIANG,SHANZHITIANXIAZHEWURUXIAOWEN,RANQISHUCHUYULAOZI,GURENZUYULAOSHIYEQUQIJIANYUE,ERSHENKAOZHIYUHANWENYE,WEIWUJIANRAN。GAILAOYIYUKONGERQIBENZETONG,HANLIEYUZHOUERSHANYIKEQU,CIERSHENGZHISUOYICHUIXUNYE。RENZUHUANGYOUSINIANWEIFUCHENYUE:“ZHENLINYUYILAI,MINGCANZHIZHENGSHIDUOYI,QIJIANZHONGCHUNKEJIZHE,CAIQI、LUZONGDAO、XUEKUIERJI,ZAIXIANGWANGCENG、ZHANGZHIBAIJIELVXINGZHONGJIN,SUISHIYOUXIAOSHI,ERZHONGWUDAGUO。LIDIYIPOZHONGZISHOU,DIYANDUOQINGFAER。”PANGJIDUIYUE:“CAINANZIGURANYE。”SHANGFUYUE:“ZHENJIQIDA,BUJIQIXIAO。”CHENSANFUSHENGXUN,YINKAOWANGCENG、ZHIBAIZHISUOYIJIANZHONGYURENZUZHE,GAINENGYIQINGJINGZHISHUZHUWUWEIZHIHUA,SUOWEIDAERKEJIZHE,QIZAIZIHU。

                            牛牛游戏厅安卓,{原始关键词}   CHENGUANZHICHU,SONGRENZONGDERENRENWEIZHENG,YUHANWENDIYOUXUDUOXIANGTONGZHICHU,DOUSHIYIHUANGLAOZHIGUODEDIANFAN。ERSONGSHENZONGWEIQIYUHANWENDI“WUJIANRAN”,SHUOMINGSHENZONGYESHIFEICHANGRENKEHANWENDIDEZHIGUOZHISHUDE。CHENGUANYOUJI:

                            牛牛游戏厅安卓,{原始关键词}   HANJIANGYAN:“LINXIANKEYIQIZIYISHUDICHEN,DUOCHIZHONGWAIDACHENGUOSHI,CHENBUGANBUYIWEN。”SHANGYUE:“ZHENBUYULIUZHONG,KONGWENYINJIEZHILU,KECHIGUIFENZHI。”CHENYUE:“LAOZIYUN:SURENZHAOZHAO,WODURUOHUN,SURENCHACHA,WODUMENMEN。YOUYUE:QIZHENGMENMEN,QIMINCHUNCHUN,QIZHENGCHACHA,QIMINQUEQUE。”HANJIANGYIXIANKEZHIYANWENYUSHANG,YIBAIYIHEI,HEQIZHAOZHAOYE。RENZUKONGKAIYINJIEZHILU,JUERBUSHOU,SHENGRENZHILVSHENYIYUANYI。HUNHUNRANBUKEJIAN,MENMENRANBUKESHI,CISHENGRENZHISUOYIWEISHENGREN,ERQIMINZHISUOYICHUNCHUNYE。

                            牛牛游戏厅安卓,{原始关键词}   ZHEILISHUOMINGSONGRENZONGNAYANCHARENZHISHUSHENDELAOZIZHIYI。CHENGUANHAIJI:

                            牛牛游戏厅安卓,{原始关键词}   SHENXINGYUANDUANJUEGONGAN,RENZONGXIYUE:“TIANXIAZHIGUANGERDUANXINGRUOCI,YOUYIZHIXINGSONGZHIJIAN,YOUSIWUJICHIYE。”NAIXIAZHAOJIANGFAGUAN,ERFUQISHIYUSHIGUAN。CHENQIEJIANYUANFENGZHONGKAIFENGFUYUKONG,SHENKAODAXI,ZHUOZHIFUWANGANLIWEIYOUCHENG,XIAZHIXULI,XIHUOZISHANG,ZISHINEIWAIYOUSIJIEYIYUKONGWEIYUE。GAIRENZUYISONGJIANSHANGFAGUANERSHENKAOYIYUKONGZHUOFUYIN,SUOYISHIRENMINZHIYIYIYE。LAOZIYUE:“MINCHANGBUWEISI,NAIHEYISIJUZHI,RUOSHIMINCHANGWEISIERWEIQIZHE,WUDEZHIERSHAZHI,SHUGAN。”ZUZONGBUYIXINGWEIJUMIN,GAIYOUDEYULAOSHI。JIANG《SHI》,ZHI《FEIFENG》YUE“SHEINENGPENGYU,GAIZHIFUQIAN”,SHANGYUE:“LAOZIWEIZHIDAGUORUOPENGXIAOXIAN,QIYILEICI。”SHIDUDINGDUDUIYUE:“PENGYUFANZESUI,ZHIMINFANZESAN,FEISHENGXUEZHISHEN,HEYIJIANGURENQIUZHIZHIYI。”CHENYUE:GUZHISHENGJUNDANGDAYOUWEIZHISHI,HUOCHUANGYEHUOGEBI,BUMIANYOUSUOFANYE。RENZUYIQINGJINGWUWEIZHIDAOCHIYINGSHOUCHENG,SISHIERNIANZHONGSHIRUYI,GAIDEPENGXIANZHISHUOERGONGXINGZHIER。CHENGUYUEHANWENZHISHUCHUYULAOZI,ERRENZUZHIZHIDUOSIHANWEN,SHENKAOWEIHANWENWUWUJIANRAN,ZESHAOSHUZHIYIKEZHIYE。19

                              SONGRENZONG、SHENZONGDOUZHUZHANGYONGJIAOWEIHUANHEDEFADUZHILITIANXIA,AIHUBAIXING,JIANXINGFA,“YIYUKONGWEIYUE”,CHONGSHANGLAOZIDEQINGJINGWUWEIZHIDAO。ZHIDEZHUYIDESHI,WENZHONGTIDAO“RENZUYIQINGJINGWUWEIZHIDAOCHIYINGSHOUCHENG,SISHIERNIANZHONGSHIRUYI”,SONGRENZONGZAIWEI42NIAN,YIYIGUANZHIDITUIXINGHUANGLAOZHIDAOZHIGUO,SHISHUNANDE,YINCIQUESHIKEYIYUHANWENDIPIMEI。ZHENGRUNANSONGZHENGZHIJIASHIHAOSUOYAN:“XIASHANGZHIHOU,ZHOUBABAINIAN,HANSIBAINIAN,SHEJIMIANYUAN,ZHENGZHIGUANGMING,SHIYOUSIJUNKUANDAZHONGHOUHUIYANGZHIGONGYOUYIZHICI,QIHOUXUANWANGZHONGXING,SIMINXIYUWANGHUAFUXING,GUANGWUZAIZAO,RENJIANHANGUANWEIYIERZENGXI,RENXINRUSHI,GUJIEERBUKEJIE,CIQIFAZHIZHENGQIZHIGONGSUONENGZHIZAI?WEIWORENZONGHUANGDI,JIZHOUCHENGKANGHANWENJINGYE,SISHIERNIANZHIJIAN,QISUOYIPEIYANGBANGBENZHE,ZHIYIJINYI。”20CIHOUSONGSHENZONGDUIHANWENDIDERENKE,XIANRANYESHOUDAOLERENZONGDEYINGXIANG,GUJIWEIHOUYANXURENZONGCHAODEHUANGLAOZHENGSHU。

                              XUEJIEYIWANGLUNJIBEISONGDEHUANGLAOSIXIANG,DADOUYISONGTAIZONGWEIDAIBIAO,21DANTAIZONGJISHENFU“ZHUYINGFUSHENG”ZHIMI,YOUZAOBEIZHENGQIDANZHIBAI,TUIXINGHUANGLAOZHIZHISHANGYOUYIGEBIANHUADEGUOCHENG。ERSONGRENZONGBUJINDUIHUANGLAOTONGYANGTUICHONG,BINGQIEGENGJIAZIJUE,WEIZHENGXIAOGUOYEGENGHAO,ZAIWEIQIJIANBEISHIRENJIHOUSHICHENGWEITAIPINGZHIZHI,GUSONGRENZONGCAISHIBEISONGCHONGSHANGHUANGLAOZUIYOUDAIBIAOXINGDEHUANGDI。CHENGRUWANGFUZHIZAI《SONGLUN》ZHONGSUOSHUO:“RENZONGZHICHENGSHENGZHI,ZHIYUJINERWENZHEXIANZHI。DIGONGCIJIANZHIDE,ERZAIZHITAIJIANSHICONGZHICHEN,JIESUOWEIJUNZIRENYE,YIQIZHIZHISHENGYE。……FUBINGCIJIANZHIDE,ERYIYOUQINGGANGZHIDUOSHIZANLIYUXIA,SHINENGJIANXIAOHAIERBUJI,JIANXIAOLIERBUXIN,JIANXIAOCAIERWUQU,JIANXIAOGUOERWUKE,ZEJIANWUSUOYING,XIEWUNENGJIAN,XIUMINGCHENGXIAN,XIUYANGSHIMIN,YUYIZUOZHISHENGPING,CHUOYOUYUYU。”22WANGFUZHITICHUDECIJIAN、XIUYANG、BAORONGDENGYIXILIEPINGJIA,ZHENGSHISONGRENZONGHUANGLAOSIXIANGZAISHIZHENGSHIJIANZHONGDEJUTICHENGXIAN。

                              二、臣下倡导黄老

                              BEISONGBUJINHUANGDICHONGSHANGHUANGLAO,CHENXIAYETONGYANGCHANGDAO,HUANGLAOSIXIANGDEYISHANGXIAGUANCHE,GONGTONGTUIXING。CHUQIANMIANTIDAODEZHAOPU、LVDUAN、LVMENGZHENGDENGMINGCHENWAI,OUYANGXIUYESHIHUANGLAODECHANGDAOZHE,RUTASHUO:“QIANHOUZHIXIANGSUI,ZHANGDUANZHIXIANGXING,TUIERGUANGZHI,WANWUZHILIJIERANYE。RANLAOZIWEISHU,QIYANSUIRUOXUWU,ERYUZHIRENZHISHUZHIYI。”YOUYUE:“DAOJIAZHELIU,BENQINGXU,QUJIANXIAN,BORANZISHOU,GUYUEWOWUWEIERMINZIHUA,WOHAOJINGERMINZIZHENG,SUISHENGRENNANMIANZHIZHI,BUKEYIYE。”23SUSHIZERENWEIHUANGLAOCAISHIDAOJIADEZHENGZONG,TACENGFENGZHAOZHUAN《SHANGQINGCHUXIANGGONGBEI》YUN:

                              DAOJIAZHELIU,BENCHUYUHUANGDI、LAOZI,QIDAOYIQINGJINGWUWEIWEIZONG,YIXUMINGYINGWUWEIYONG,YICIJIANBUZHENGWEIXING,HEYU《YI》“HESIHELV”、《LUNYU》“RENZHEJINGSHOU”ZHISHUO。ZIQINHANYILAI,SHIYONGFANGSHIYAN,NAIYOUFEIXIANBIANHUAZHISHU,HUANGTING、DADONGZHIFA,“TAISHANG”“TIANZHEN”“MUGONG”“JINMU”ZHIHAO,TIANHUANGTAIYI、ZIJIBEIJIZHISI,XIAZHIYUDANYAOQIJI、FULUXIAOSHU,JIEGUIYUDAOJIA。CHANGQIELUNZHI:HUANGDI、LAOZIZHIDAO,BENYE;FANGSHIZHIYAN,MOYE。

                              SUSHIZHICHU,HUANGLAOYURUJIAYOUYIZHIDEDIFANG,ERYUQINHANYIHOUCHANSHENGDEDAOJIAOYOUBIE。DAOJIAODEGEZHONGXIULIANSUIGUIYUDAOJIA,DANDAOJIAZHIBENSHIHUANGLAO。TAYOUZAI《GAIGONGTANGJI》SHUO:“CAOCANWEIQIXIANG,WENJIAOXIGAIGONGSHANZHIHUANGLAOYAN,SHIRENQINGZHI,YONGQIYANERQIDAZHI,QIHOUYIQISUOYIZHIQIZHEZHITIANXIA,TIANXIAZHIJINCHENGXIANYAN。WUWEIJIAOXISHOU,ZHIGONGZHIWEIBANGRENYE,QIUQIFENMUZISUNERBUKEDE,KAIRANHUAIZHI,SHIQIYAN,XIANGJIANQIWEIREN。FUCAOCANWEIHANZONGCHEN,ERGAIGONGWEIZHISHI,KEWEISHENGYI。ERSHIBUJIQISUOZHONG,QIFEIGUZHIZHIRENDEDAOERBUSIZHEYU?”24CONGZHEIYIDUANJIZAILAIKAN,SUSHIDUIHUANGLAOZHENGZHISHIFEICHANGTUIXUDE。

                            牛牛游戏厅安卓,{原始关键词}   SIMAGUANGTONGYANGCHONGSHANGHUANGLAO,BINGYUWANGANSHIJINXINGTAOLUN:

                            牛牛游戏厅安卓,{原始关键词}   JINJIEFUWEIZHENG,SHOUJIANZHIZHITIAOLISI,DAJIANGCAILIZHISHI,YOUMINGXUEXIANGXINGJUNSHUFAYUJIANGZHUN,YUJINDUOSHANGJIAZHILI,YOUFENQIANSHIZHESANQINGMIAOQIANYUTIANXIA,ERSHOUQIXI,SHIRENCHOUTONG,FUZIBUXIANGJIAN,XIONGDIQIZILISAN,CIQIMENGZIZHIZHIHU。LAOZIYUE:“TIANXIASHENQI,BUKEWEIYE,WEIZHEBAIZHI,ZHIZHESHIZHI。”YOUYUE:“WOWUWEIERMINZIHUA,WOHAOJINGERMINZIZHENG,WOWUSHIERMINZIFU,WOWUYUERMINZIPO。”YOUYUE:“ZHIDAGUO,RUOPENGXIAOXIAN。”JINJIEFUWEIZHENG,JINBIANGENGZUZONGJIUFA,XIANZHEHOUZHI,SHANGZHEXIAZHI,YOUZHEZUOZHI,ZUOZHEYOUZHI,CHENGZHEHUIZHI,KUKUYANQIONGRILI,JIZHIYIYEERBUDEXI,SHISHANGZICHAOTING,XIAJITIANYE,WUYIRENDEXIGUERSHOUCHANGZHE,FENFENRAORAO,MOANQIJU,CIQILAOSHIZHIZHIHU。

                              XIANRAN,SIMAGUANGBUJINFANDUIWANGANSHIBIANFA,ERQIERENWEIQIBIANFAWEIBEILEHUANGLAOZHIZHI。SIMAGUANGHAIZHENDUIDANGSHIXUEHUANGLAOZHEYIXINRUSIHUI、XINGRUGAOMUWEIWUWEIDECUOWURENSHI,ZUO《WUWEIZAN》,YUN:“ZHIXINYIZHENG,BAOGONGYIJING,JINTUIYOUYI,DESHIYOUMING,SHOUDAOZAIJI,CHENGGONGZETIAN,FUFUHEWEI,WUWEIZIRAN。”25SIMAGUANGRENWEIHUANGLAOZHIYAOZHIJIUSHIWUWEIZIRAN,ZHEIYESHILAOZISIXIANGZHONGZUIKEQUDENEIRONG。

                              QINGUANDUIHUANGLAOZHIXUEYEPOWEITUICHONG,TASHUO:

                            牛牛游戏厅安卓,{原始关键词}   BANGUZANSIMAQIANYIWEISHIFEIPOMIUYUSHENGREN,LUNDADAOZEXIANHUANGLAOERHOULIUJING,SHUWEIQIANZHIGAOCAIBOQIAERZHIYUSHIHU。YICHENGUANZHIBURAN,BISHIYOUJIANERFAER。MENGZIYUE:“RENZHERENYE,HEERYANZHIDAOYE。”YANGZIYIYUE:“DAOYIDAOZHI,DEYIDEZHI,RENYIRENZHI,YIYIYIZHI,LIYITIZHI,TIANYE。”HEZEHUN,LIZESAN,GAIDAODEZHERENYILIZHIDAQUAN,ERRENYILIZHEDAODEZHIYIPIAN。HUANGLAOZHIXUEGUIHEERJIANLI,GUYIDAOWEIBEN。LIUJINGZHIJIAO,YUHUNZHELVE,YUSANZHEXIANG,GUYIRENYILIWEIYONG。QIANZHILUNDADAOYE,XIANHUANGLAOERHOULIUJING,QIFEIYOUJIANYUCIERFAZAI。26

                              BANGUZHICHUSIMAQIANSHIFEIPOMIUYUSHENGREN,QINGUANRENWEIZHEIYIPINGJIASHIBUTUODE。LUNDADAOZEXIANHUANGLAOERHOULIUJING,QIAQIASHISIMAQIANDEGAOJIAN。YURUJIABIJIAO,HUANGLAOZHIXUEDEKEGUIZHICHUZAIYUYIDAOWEIBEN,JIANCAIBAIJIA,JUYOUBAORONGXING,SIMAQIANTUICHONGHUANGLAO,SHIKANDAOLEHUANGLAOZHIXUEDEZHANGCHU。CIWAI,QINGUANBAXIHANJIECHUDEMOUCHENZHANGLIANGYUBEIWEIZHEMINGMOUCHENCUIHAOJINXINGLEBIJIAO:

                              SHICHENGCUIHAOZIBIZHANGLIANG,WEIJIGUGUOZHI,YICHENGUANZHI,HAOCENGBUJIXUN、JIA,HEGANWANGZIFANGHU。FUYIQIJINGZHISHEN,YIXUYUZHITIANXIA,GONGCHENGSHISUI,FENGSHENERTUI,DAOJIAZHILIUYE。GUANTIANWEN,CHASHIBIAN,YIFURENSHI,MINGYUMOERBUZHIBEN,YINYANGJIAZHILIUYE。ZIFANGSHIYOUXIAPI,SHOUSHUYUYISHANGLAOREN,ZHONGYUEYUANQIRENJIANSHI,CONGCHISONGYOU,ZEQISHUGAICHUYUDAOJIAYE。HAOJINGYUSHUSHUZHIXUE,QIYANYINGHUOZHIRUQIN,HUIXINGZHIMIEJIN,YUFUTUCHUHOUGONG,YAOXINGXIANNVZHISHI,YOUYI,JICHUZHUANGLAONAIYIWEIJIAOWUZHIYAN,ZEQISHUGAICHUYUYINYANGERYI,CIQISUOYIBUTONGYE。27

                              CUIHAOXIEZHUBEIWEIHUANGDITONGYILEBEIFANG,GUYIZHANGLIANGZIBI。QINGUANRENWEI,ZHANGLIANGSHUYUHUANGLAODAOJIA,CUIHAOSHUYUYINYANGJIA,ZHANGLIANGBICUIHAOYAOGAOMINGHENDUO。ZAIDUILISHIRENWUDEPINGJIASHANG,QINGUANYESHIZHANZAIHUANGLAOZHEIYIBIANDE。

                            牛牛游戏厅安卓,{原始关键词}   CONGYIXIEDACHENDUI《LAOZI》DEZHIJIEPINGJIA,YEKEJIANQIDUIHUANGLAOSIXIANGDEKENDINGHEZANSHANG,RUZHANGLEI《LAOZIYI》YUN:

                              FURENZHISHENG,BUSHAZHIYURENXIYINSHIZHIJIBING,ZESHAZHIDAOZEIXINGLUZHEGUOBANYI,ZERENZHIYUSI,SHIWEICHANGZHIWEIYE。ERSHIZHIYUWUZHE,ERYUWUZHIWEI,BUGUOSHIZHIYISI,YIHUOYI。GUYUEMINBUWEISINAIHEYISIJUZHI。GOUWEISIXIE,ZEWUQUWEIQIZHEERSHAZHI,YIMINZHIBUFUWEIQIYE。TIANXIAWEICHANGWUXING,ERWEIQIZHEBUZHI,ZESIZHIBUZUYIJUWUYEMINGYI。GUYUERUOSHIRENWEISIERWEIQIZHE,WUDEZHIERSHAZHI,SHUGANYE。FUWUBUHUANWUSHAZHIZHEYE,WANWUMINMINBIGUIYUMIEJINERHOUZHI,ZECHANGYOUSISHAZHESHAYI。QIESISHAZHEZHICHANGLI,ERYIZHIYIXINGQIWEI,FEITUBUZUYIJUWU,ERYIYOUSUOBUJIZHEYE。GUYUECHANGYOUSISHAZHESHA,FUDAIYOUSISHA,SHIDAIDAJIANGZHUO,XIYOUBUSHANGQISHOUYI。RANZECAOZHENGXINGSISHENGZHIBING,QUYISHIZHIMINSHICONGZHI,DAIFEIYE。28

                              ZHEISHIZHANGLEIDUI《LAOZI》DI74ZHANGDEZHUJUJIESHI,ZUIHOUYIJUSHIGUANJIAN:“CAOZHENGXINGSISHENGZHIBING,QUYISHIZHIMINSHICONGZHI,DAIFEIYE。”TONGZHIZHEJINYIYANXINGJUNFAZHIGUO,YUSHIBAIXING,XIAOGUOBUHUIHENHAO,YEBUSHILIXIANGDEBANFA。ZHIZHENGZHEYINGDANGJIESHEN,BUYINGQINGYISHANGJIBAIXING。

                              QIANMIANTIDAODECHENGUANBUJINJILITUIXUSONGRENZONG、SHENZONGDEHUANGLAOZHIZHI,HAIBARENZONGBIYUHANWENDI,CONGZHONGYEKEKANCHUCHENGUANBENRENJUYOUNONGHOUDEHUANGLAOSIXIANG。RUTACHENGZANLAOZIDEZHIGUOZHIDAO:“LAOZIYANTIANXIASHENQIBUKEWEIYE,WEIZHEBAIZHI。YOUYANZHIDAGUORUOPENGXIAOXIAN。FUPENGYUZHEWUSUOSHIYUFANZHIYE,ZHISHUIHUOZHIQIYISHUZHIERJI,SHUNWUWEIERZHI,QIBUYICIYU。”YOUPINGJIAHANWUDIDEYIRUSHUZHIGUO:“WUDICHUHUANGLAOERYONGRUSHU,WEICHANGBUBENYURENYI,ERGUANQISHIXIAO,ZEBUYIYUSHIHUANGZHEJIXI。DANGCIZHISHI,TIANXIABUYIRIERWUSHI,SIMUWENJINGBUDEFUDE,RANZEHUANGLAOYIHEFUYUTIANXIAZAI。”29RENWEIZAIZHIGUOFANGMIANHUANGLAOSHIJISHANGBIRUXUEGAOMING。

                            牛牛游戏厅安卓,{原始关键词}   ZAISHANGSHUJIJICHANGDAOHUANGLAOSIXIANGDEGUANYUANZHONG,LVDUAN、LVMENGZHENGHUODONGYUTAIZONGCHAO,OUYANGXIU、SIMAGUANG、SUSHI、QINGUAN、ZHANGLEI、CHENGUANDENGDOUZHUYAOHUODONGYUSONGRENZONG、SHENZONGCHAO,SHENZONGYOUSHAOSHURENZONGZHIYI,YOUCIKEJIAN,BEISONGZHUDICHONGSHANGHUANGLAOYIRENZONGWEISHOU,CHENXIACHANGDAOHUANGLAOYEYIRENZONGCHAOWEISHEN。

                              三、思想界流行黄老

                              ZAIBEISONG,BUJINJUNCHENSHANGXIACHONGSHANGHUANGLAODEQINGKUANGTUCHU,SIXIANGJIEYELIUXINGHUANGLAO。DANGSHIZAISIXIANGJIEYINGXIANGZUIDAZHEDANGSHOUTUIWANGANSHIXUEPAI,GAIXUEPAIDUI《LAOZI》HENZHONGSHI,DUORENZHUJIE《LAOZI》,POQIANGDIAOHUANGLAOZHENGSHU。SUIRANSIMAGUANGRENWEIWANGANSHIWEIDEHUANGLAOYAOZHI,DANKENENGDEQINGKUANGSHIWANGANSHIDELAOXUESIXIANGYUQIBIANFASHIJIANBINGWEIBAOCHIYIZHI,HUOZHESHUO,WANGANSHIMEIYOUBAHUANGLAOZHIXUEYONGHAO。ERWANGANSHIJIE《LAO》SHIHENYOUHUANGLAOYIWEIDE,QIXUEPAIZHONGDEWANGPANG、LVHUIQINGLAOXUEZHONGDEHUANGLAOSIXIANGZEGENGJIAMINGXIAN。RUWANGANSHIZHU《LAOZI》DI6ZHANG:“TIANDAOZHITISUIMIANMIANRUOCUN,GUSHENGRENYONGQIDAO,WEICHANGQINYULIYE,ERJIECHUYUZIRAN。GAISHENGRENYIWUWEIYONGTIANXIAZHIYOUWEI,YIYOUYUYONGTIANXIAZHIBUZUGUYE。”ZAISHANGZHEXIAOFALAOZIDEZIRANZHIDAOZHILITIANXIA,JIUYAO“YIWUWEIYONGTIANXIAZHIYOUWEI”,ZHONGSHIRENDAO、RENSHIDEZHONGYAOXING。WEILEYONGHAOLAOZIZHIDAO,XUYAOCHONGFENFAHUILI、LE、XING、ZHENGDENGSHEHUIZHENGZHIZHIDUHECUOSHIDEZUOYONG:“GUWUZHISUOYIWEICHEYONGZHE,YIYOUGUFUYE;WUZHISUOYIWEITIANXIAYONGZHE,YIYOULI、LE、XING、ZHENGYE。RUYUFEIGUFUYUCHE,FEILI、LE、XING、ZHENGYUTIANXIA,ERZUOQIUQIZHIWEIYONGYE,ZEYIJINYUYUYI。”30ZHEILIWOMENKEYIQINGCHUDIKANCHUWANGANSHIZHU《LAO》DEHUANGLAOZHIQU。

                              WANGANSHIERZIWANGPANGDEHUANGLAOSIXIANGPOWEIFENGFU,QI《LAOZIZHU》DALITICHANGHUANGLAOZHIZHENGSHU。RUTAZHUDI80ZHANGSHUO:“LAOZI,DASHENGRENYE。……JUQISHUYIJIAZHIZHENG,ZEHUAMINCHENGSU,CIPIANQIXIAOYE。GU《JING》ZHIYIZHONGYAN。”JISHISHUO,《DAODEJING》SHIYIBUZHISHIZHISHU,RUGUO“JUQISHUYIJIAZHIZHENG”,JIUKEYISHITIANXIADEYIZHILI。WANGPANGYUTAFUQINYIYANG,ZHUZHANGBA《LAOZI》ZHONGDESIXIANGYUNYONGDAOSHEHUIXIANSHIZHENGZHIZHONGQU。YINCITAMINGQUETICHU:“JUNRENZHE,TIDAOYIZHI,ZEYINSHICHENGLI,ERWUYIYUWEI,GUSUIWUWEI,ERBUFEITIANXIAZHIWEI,SUIBUFEITIANXIAZHIWEI,ERWUSHIWEICHANGWEIYE。TIANHEYANZAI?SISHIXINGYAN,BAIWUSHENGYAN。HOUWANGZHIDAO,TIANQIJINZHIYI。”ZHIGUOZHIRENZHIDAO,ZAIYUWUWEIYUYOUWEIDEJIEHE,WUWEIERBUFEIYOUWEI,ZHEISHIDIANXINGDEHUANGLAOZHISHU。LVHUIQINGYERENWEI《LAOZI》SHIYIBUKEGONGZHISHIDEJINGDIAN,QISUOZHE《DAODEZHENJINGCHUAN·XU》YUN:“CAOCANSHIYUGAIGONGERXIANGQIGUO,XIAOWENCHUANZHIHESHANGERWEIHANZONG,JINDEQIANFU,YOUJIKANGFU。FUWEISUXUE,BUSHIDAOZHEN,TUJIANQIWENYOUYI《SHI》《SHU》ZHIJI,MOZHIQIZHINAISHIHUANGWANGZHIZONG。”31LVHUIQINGRENWEICAOCAN、HANWENDIYONGHUANGLAOZHISHU,SHIGUOJIADAZHI,SHANGJINDE《LAOZI》ZHIQIANCENGSIXIANG。RUGUOZIXICANJIU,QIZHONGGENGYOUSHENYI。KESHISUZHISHIBUNENGLIJIELAOZIZHIDAO,RENWEIQISHUYURUXUEXIANGBEI,ERSHIJISHANG,《LAOZI》KANCHENGZHISHIYAODIAN,NAI“HUANGWANGZHIZONG”。

                              SONGHUIZONGDEYUZHUYESHOUDAOLEWANGANSHIXUEPAILAOXUEDEYINGXIANG。MENGWENTONGXIANSHENGCENGSHUO:“JINGGONGZHU《LAOZI》ZUIYOUJINGYI,CHENGQILIUZHEWANGPANG、LVHUIQING、LUDIAN、LIUJINGZHITU,JIEZHU《LAOZI》。……CIYUZHENGHEYUZHUBUWUGUANXI。”32ZHENGHEYUZHUJIZHISONGHUIZONGDE《YUJIELAOZI》,MENGXIANSHENGRENWEIHUIZONG《YUJIE》YUWANGANSHIXUEPAIDELAOXUESIXIANGYOUGUAN,ZHEISHIPOYOUJIANDIDERENSHI。CONGSIXIANGNEIRONGSHANGKAN,LIANGZHEJUYOUXIANGSIZHICHU,JIDOUZHUZHANGBALAOZIDEZIRANWUWEIZHIDAOYUNYONGDAOZHENGZHISHANGLAI。YUWANGANSHIBIANFAMEIYOUYONGHAOHUANGLAOYIYANG,SONGHUIZONGZHIGUOYEMEIYOUYONGHAOHUANGLAO,GUTONGYANGZOUXIANGLESHIBAI,DANSHANGYOUHAOZHE,XIABISHENYAN,YOUYUHUANGDIDECHANGDAO,HUANGLAOZAIDANGSHISIXIANGJIEDEYINGXIANGBUKEXIAOQU。RUHUIZONGCHAOTAIXUESHENGJIANGCHENGWEIYUZHUSUOZUO《DAODEZHENJINGSHUYI》,ZHEZHONGCHANMINGWUWEIBUNENGTUOLIYOUWEIDEDAOLI,YUWANGANSHIXUEPAILAOXUEZHONGDEHUANGLAOZHIQUYIMAIXIANGCHENG。JIANGCHENGZHICHU:“DAOYOUTIYOUYONG,WUWEIQITIYE,WUBUWEIQIYONGYE。YIYUWUWEIYIQIUDAO,ZENIYUYOUJI,SHIDAOZHITI;YIYUWUBUWEIYIQIUDAO,ZEZHIYUXINGQI,SHIDAOZHIYONG。FUWEIJIRANBUDONG,WUWEIERBUFEIYUYOUWEI,GANERSUITONGTIANXIAZHIGU,WUBUWEIERBULIYUWUWEI,ZEDAOZHIZHIMIAOWUYUYUNYI。”YOUCIKEJIAN,QIUDAOSHIBUNENGBAYOUWEIWUWEIFENKAI,NEIME,ZHIGUOSHIYOUWEIWUWEIYEBUKEFENLI:“ZHITIANXIAZHE,YIYUWUWEIERBUZHIYOUWEI,ZERUOJUKUAIJICHEN,WUWEIERFEILI;YIYUYOUWEIERBUZHIWUWEI,ZERUOBOLIUHUOCHI,YOUWEIERFEIZHEN。FUWEIYOUWEIBULIYUWUWEI,WUWEIBUFEIYUYOUWEI,ERWEICHUYUWUWEI,QIYUZHITIANXIAYOUYUYUYI。”XIANRAN,JIANGCHENGDUIYOUWEIYUWUWEIGUANXIDERENSHIPOHEYUHUANGLAOZHUZHI。ZAIJIANGSHIKANLAI,ZHIYOUJIEHEDAOJIADEQINGJINGWUWEIHERUJIADERENYILIFA,CAINENGGOUZHILIHAOGUOJIA:“SHENGRENYIDAOZAITIANXIA,ERXINGZHENGSHANGFASUOYIFUDAOERXINGYE。YIXINGZHENGMINGTIANXIAZHIFANGFAN,SHIMINYOUSUOSHOU;YISHANGFASHITIANXIAZHIHAOE,SHIMINZHISUOJIN,YIBENYUDAOERYI。”“WANGZHEZHIBING,BENYIRENYI,XINGYIZHENGFA,YOUSHIZETAO,WUSHIZEYI,YIWEICHANGANZHISHU。”33ZAIZHEIXIECHANSHUZHONG,HUANGLAOSIXIANGZHANSHIDEHENCHONGFEN。

                            牛牛游戏厅安卓,{原始关键词}   BEISONGDEHUANGLAOSIXIANGYEYINGXIANGDAOKEJUKAOSHI。JU《SONGHUIYAOJIGAO·XUANJUQI》ZAI,SONGTAIZONGCHUNHUASANNIAN(992)DEDIANSHIFUTIWEI《ZHIYANRICHUFU》,ZHENZONGXIANPINGWUNIAN(1002)DEDIANSHIFUTIWEI《YOUWUHUNCHENGFU》,LIANGWEIHUANGDIDEDIANSHIFUTIXIANRANYUHUANGLAOSIXIANGYOUMIQIEGUANXI。34ERSONGHUIZONGWANCHENG《LAOZI》YUZHUBUJIU,CHAOSANLANGXINZHIYANZHOUWANGCHUNBIANZOU:“QILINGXUEZHEZHI《YUZHUDAODEJING》,JIANYUQIZHONGCHULUNTI。”DUIWANGCHUNDEZOUYI,SONGHUIZONGLIJIYUYIPIZHUN,HENKUAIJIUXIAZHAOXIANGQUANGUOBANXING《YUZHUDAODEJING》。YOUZHAOYUE:“ZIJINXUEDAOZHISHI,XURUZHOUXIANXUEJIAOYANG,SUOXIJINGYI《HUANGDINEIJING》《DAODEJING》WEIDAJING。”35ZHEIYANGDEJUCUO,WUYIYOUZHUYUKUODAHUANGLAOSIXIANGDEYINGXIANG。YOUYUHUANGLAOSIXIANGSHENRUDAOLEKEJU,ZIRANYEJIUYINGXIANGDAOWENXUELINGYU。RUWANGYUCHENGDEZHICHUNHUASANNIANDEDIANSHIFUTI,BIANNIZUO《ZHIYANRICHUFU》YUN:“JINWOHOUJUBEIJIZHIZUN,QIONG《NANHUA》ZHIZHI,SIYUTIQINGJINGERLVZHAOSHU,GUXIANMINGCIFUERSHIDUOSHI。SHENGHUZAI! CHONGDAOZHIMING,BUWEIXUMEI。”FUZHONGDE“WOHOU”ZHISONGTAIZONG,WANGYUCHENGCHENGZANLETAIZONGTUIZUNDEHUANGLAOZHIZHI。JUWANGBINDEYANJIU,ZAIWANGYUCHENGXIANCUNDE18PIANLVFUZHONG,MINGXIANSHOUHUANGLAOSIXIANGYINGXIANGDEYOU《KONGTONGSHANWENDAOFU》《TUOYUEFU》《SHENGRENWUMINGFU》《JUNZHEYIBAIXINGWEITIANFU》DENG,RU《KONGTONGSHANWENDAOFU》YUN:“WOGUOJIASHANGHUANGLAOZHIXUWU,XUESHENSHANGZHIFALING。ZUOHUANGWUYIWUSHI,JIANGXUANXUNERWAIPIN。YOUYIJIANWANGUOZHIFENG,XIANGUIHUQINGJING。”《SHENGRENWUMINGFU》YAN:“JINWOHOUSHANGHUANGLAOYIJUNLIN,CHANQINGJINGERHUAXIA; YIHUIHAOYURUISHENG,SHANXUANFENGYUHUAXIA。YOUYIJIANSHENGWUMINGXISHENWUGONG,XINDARENZHIZAOYE。”KEJIAN,DANGSHIDEHUANGLAOSIXIANGQUEYISHENTOUDAOLVFUDECHUANGZUOZHIZHONG。36

                              ZAIBEISONGDEDAOJIAOJIE,HUANGLAOSIXIANGYESHOUDAOLEZHONGSHI。HUANGLAOYUDAOJIAOHELIUHOU,QIZHUZHIYOUZHONGZHENGSHUBIANWEIZHONGYANGSHENG,RU《HESHANGZHU》BIANSHIDAIBIAO。BUGUO,BEISONGDAOJIAOJIEYOUCHUXIANLEQIANGDIAOLAOZIZHIZHENGSHU、TICHANGHUANGLAOSIXIANGDEQINGXIANG。RUBEISONGZHEMINGDAOSHICHENJINGYUANZAI《DAODEZHENJINGZANGSHIZUANWEIPIAN·KAITI》ZHONGMINGQUETICHULEQIZHU《LAO》ZHIZONGZHI:“CIJINGYIZHONGXUANWEIZONG,ZIRANWEITI,DAODEWEIYONG,QIYAOZAIHUZHISHENZHIGUO。”CHENJINGYUANZUOWEICHENTUANDEZAICHUANDIZI,JIE《LAO》YIZHONGXUANWEIZONG,BIAOMINGTADUITANGDAIDAOJIAOLAOXUEDEJICHENG,JIYIZHONGXUANZHIXUECHANFALAOZIZHIDAO,DANQILAOXUEZHUZHIYUTANGDAIZHONGXUANXUEZHUIQIU“XUTONGMIAOLI”BUTONG,YIBIANWEI“QIYAOZAIHUZHISHENZHIGUO”。RUTAJIESHI《LAOZI》DI25ZHANG“RENFADI,DIFATIAN,TIANFADAO,DAOFAZIRAN”ZHEIYIZHEMINGMINGTI:

                              CIJIEWANGZHEDANGFAXIANGERYI,QUZEZHIDAO,TIANXIAZIRANZHIYI。FUWANGZHESHOUCIJINGZEYUYINTONGDE,SUOZAIWUSI,SHIFADIYE。YOUBUKESHOUDIBUBIAN,JIANGYUNGANGJIANZEYUYANGTONGBO,SUOFUZHIGONG,SHIFATIANYE。FUBUKEZHITIANBUYI,JIANGYINWUWEI,YUDAOTONGTI,QISUORENWU,XIANGUIZIRAN,WEIWANGZHEFATIANDIZEZHIDAOYE。FEITIANDIZHIDAOZHIXIANGFAYE,YICHASHENGRENCHUIJIAOZHISHENZHI,BUBIZHUANSHIKONGYANYE。

                              YUCHANGJIANDEZHEXUEQUANSHIBUTONG,XIANRANZHEISHIYIGECONGHUANGLAOJIAODUZUODEZHUJIE。CHENJINGYUANZHICHU,LAOZIDEYISI,BINGBUSHIZHIRENYUTIANDI、DAOZHIJIANZHUANYIXIANGFA,ERSHICONGTIANXIAZHILIDEJIAODUCHUIJIAO,GAOJIEWANGZHEJIYAOFADI,HAIYAOFATIAN、FADAO,SUOFAZHICHU,DOUGUIYUZIRAN。DAOFAZIRANDEYAOZHIZAIYUYIZIRANZHIDAOZHIGUO,ERBUSHIQUTANQIUQIZHONGDEXUANLI。SUOYICHENJINGYUANZAI《LAOZI》DI16ZHANGDEZHUSHIZHONGTONGYANGQIANGDIAO:“YUMOYOUFA,CHUCHUHESHI,DONGYUYANGTONGBO,GUANGERBUYAO,JINGYUYINTONGDE,YONGHUIERMING,SHILEIMOGANERSHENWUJIU,CINENGYONGCHANGDAOZHEYE。RUOYIZHITIWEIZONG,ZEYONGCHANGDAOWEISHANGYI。”CHENJINGYUANSUIWEIDAOSHI,DANBINGBUCHONGSHANGSHENXIANZHISHU,ERYIYONGCHANGDAOWEISHANG,YEJIUSHITUIZHONGDAODEXIANSHIGONGYONG,JIDAOZHIYAO“ZAIHUZHISHENZHIGUO”。YONGDAOLAIZHIDAOZHISHENZHIGUO,ZHEISHIHUANGLAODEYIGUANZHIZHI。TONGGUAN《DAODEZHENJINGZANGSHIZUANWEIPIAN》QUANSHU,CHULECHENJINGYUANZIJIDECHANFA,HAICHANGZHENGYINQIANRENDEZHUJIE,QIZHONGYOUQIZHONGSHIYANZUNDE《LAOZIZHIGUI》,JUTONGJI,ZHIJIEYONG“YANJUNPINGYUE”HUO“JUNPINGYUE”JIAYIYINYONGDEZHUWENYOU52CHU,JIANJIEYINYONGZHEHAIBUSHAO。KAOLVDAOYANZUNSHIXIHANHUANGLAODAOJIADEDAIBIAORENWU,《LAOZIZHIGUI》TUCHUDEYISHIHUANGLAOZHUZHI,CHENJINGYUANDESIXIANGQINGXIANGBUBIANZIMING。YINCI,XUEZHIXUAN《DAODEZHENJINGZANGSHIZUANWEIKAITIKEWENSHU》CHANSHUCHENJINGYUANDELAOXUESIXIANGSHUO:

                              SHIGUSIMAQIANYUN:WEIYINYANGZHEFANERZHIHUO,WEIRUZHEBOERDUOLV,WEIMOZHEKUERSHANGXING,WEIMINGZHEHUAERSHAOSHI,WEIFAZHEKUERBOEN,WEILAOSHIZHIJIAO,CHENGWEIDADAOYAN。QINGXUWUWEI,SHIJINGSHENZHUANYI,DONGHEWUXING,SHANZUWANWU。QIWEISHUYE,YUSHIQIANYI,YINGWUBIANHUA,WUSUOBUYI。ZHIYUEERYICAO,SHISHAOERGONGDUO,QISHIYIXING,QICIYIZHI,YIXUWUWEIBEN,YIYINXUNWEIYONG。WUCHENGSHI,WUCHANGXING,GUNENGJIUWANWUZHIQING。BUWEIWUXIAN,BUWEIWUHOU,GUNENGWEIWANWUZHIZHU。SHIYIXIANHUANGLAOERHOULIUJING,DUTANDAOJIAWEIQINGSHANGYAN。GUYUEJIUJINGHAOHAO,BUJIERPIANZHIYUEYE。37

                            牛牛游戏厅安卓,{原始关键词}   XUEZHIXUANZONGHESIMAQIANFUZIGUANYUHUANGLAODELUNSHU,RENWEICHENJINGYUANDUI《LAOZI》DEJIESHIHEFAHUIYUHUANGLAOSIXIANGXIANGFUHE。

                              CONGDAOJIAOLAOXUEFAZHANDEDAZHIQINGKUANGLAIKAN,TANGDAIDAOSHIJIE《LAO》DUOLUNZHELI,SONGDAIDAOSHIDUOYANHUANGLAO,MINGQINGDAOSHICHANGTANNEIDAN。38CHENJINGYUANDE《DAODEZHENJINGZANGSHIZUANWEIPIAN》ZUOYUSONGRENZONGZHIHEERNIAN(1055),BINGYUSHENZONGXININGWUNIAN(1072)SHANGJINCHAOTING,BUJINDEDAOLEHUANGDIDECHENGSONG,ZAISHEHUISHANGYECHANSHENGLEGUANGFANDEYINGXIANG。39CHENJINGYUANDUIHUANGLAODECHANYANG,NENGGOUDAIBIAODANGSHIDAOJIAOSIXIANGJIEDEYIBANZHUANGKUANG。

                              四、结 语

                              HUANGLAOSIXIANGZAIBEISONGDEYANXUSHIJIANCHAOGUOLEXIHAN,TEBIESHIDAOLESONGRENZONGCHAO,QISIXIANGLIUXINGQINGKUANGJIYINGXIANG,KEYUHANDAIWENJINGSHIQIBINGCHENG。SUSHIZAI《LIUYIJUSHIJIXU》YAN:“SONGXINGQISHIYUNIAN,MINBUZHIBING,FUERJIAOZHI,ZHITIANSHENG、JINGYOUJIYI。”40TIANSHENG、JINGYOUJUNWEISONGRENZONGNIANHAO,KEJIANRENZONGCHAODETAIPINGFUZU,DEYIYUDANGSHIDEHUANGLAOZHIZHI。《SHUIHUCHUAN》TIANDOUWAICHENZHIXUSHUO:“XIAOSHUOZHIXING,SHIYUSONGRENZONG。YUSHITIANXIAXIAOKANG,BIANXINWEIDONG,RENZHUCHUIYIZHIXIA,MINGJIAOFANGLEBUZUANQUYEJI,ANYIGECI,YUMIXIYOUGONG,XIANGZAERZOU。SHIHOUSHENGXING,BIANYUCHAOYE。GAISUIBUJING,YITAIPINGLESHI,HANBUJIRANGZHIYIYE。”41XUZHONGSUOLUNSUISHIXIAOSHUO,DANTIDAOLESONGRENZONGJIQIZHILIXIADESHEHUIXIAOKANGZHUANGKUANG,ZHEIBUZHENGSHIHUANGLAODELIXIANGZHENGZHIMA?SONGRENZONGSHIBEISONGHUANGDIZHONGTUIXINGHUANGLAOZUITUCHUDEDAIBIAO,QIZHENGZHICHENGXIAOYEZUIHAO。ZHIYUSONGSHENZONGYANJITADUIHANZHIWENJING、TANGZHITAIZONG、KONGZIJUNWUJIANRAN,KEJIANHUANGLAOYURUXUEZAIGUOJIAZHILISHANGTONGYANGJUYOUXIANGRONGZHICHU,ZHEIYEZHENGSHIBEISONGHUANGLAOYUXIHANHUANGLAOQUBIEZHISUOZAI。

                              注释

                              1 《史记》卷一百三十《太史公自序》,北京:中华书局,1982年,第3289页
                              2 相关研究成果有:张其凡:《吕端与宋初的黄老思想》,邓广铭等主编:《宋史研究论文集》,郑州:河南人民出版社,1984年;唐兆梅:《略论宋初的黄老思想》,《中州学刊》1991年第1期;李华瑞:《宋初黄老思想三题》,《河北大学学报》1995年第3期;王彬:《宋初的黄老思想与律赋》,《济南大学学报》2017年第5期等。
                              3 李焘:《续资治通鉴长编》第二册,北京:中华书局,1985年,第226页。
                              4张其凡:《吕端与宋初的黄老思想》,邓广铭等主编:《宋史研究论文集》,第404-405页。
                              5《宋史》卷三《太祖本纪三》,北京:中华书局,1997年,第51页。
                              6李焘:《续资治通鉴长编》第四册,第758-759页。
                              7李焘:《续资治通鉴长编》第四册,第758页。
                              8李攸:《宋朝事实》卷三,北京:中华书局,1955年,第37页。“善者吾善之,不善者吾亦善之”句,原文作“善者吾亦善之,不善者吾则不善之”,句意不通,据《老子》经文改。
                              9李攸:《宋朝事实》卷十六,第241页。
                              10《中华道藏》第11册,北京:华夏出版社,2004年,第322页。
                              11李攸:《宋朝事实》卷七,第123页。
                              12《宋史·真宗本纪》:“宋自太宗幽州之败,恶言兵矣。契丹其主称天,其后称地,一岁祭天不知其几,猎而手接飞雁,鸨自投地,皆称为天赐,祭告而夸耀之。意者宋之诸臣,因知契丹之习,又见其君有厌兵之意,遂进神道设教之言,欲假是以动敌人之听闻,庶几足以潜消其窥觎之志欤?”《宋史》卷八,第172页。
                              13柳存仁:《道藏本三圣注道德经之得失》,《和风堂文集》上,上海:上海古籍出版社,1991年,第494页。
                              14具体论述可参刘固盛:《宋徽宗君臣的老子注疏》,《老庄学文献及其思想研究》,长沙:岳麓书社,2009年。
                              15李焘:《续资治通鉴长编》第八册,第2401页。
                              16《中华道藏》第11册,第482页。
                              17《宋史》卷三百五十四《蔡薿传》,第11117页。
                              18《宋史》卷三百四十五《陈瓘传》,第10964、10967页。
                              19《中华道藏》第11册,第483页。
                              20史浩:《别拟》,《鄮峰真隐漫录》卷十一,文渊阁四库全书补配清文津阁四库全书本。
                              21如张其凡先生在《吕端与宋初的黄老思想》一文中指出:“在宋初四十年的时间内,黄老思想一直流行并为统治者倡导。……宋初黄老思想的盛行,以太宗时期为甚,真宗初年次之。” 邓广铭等主编:《宋史研究论文集》,第404-405页。
                              22王夫之:《船山全书》第十一册,长沙:岳麓书社,1996年,第110页。
                              23《中华道藏》第11册,第483页。
                              24《中华道藏》第11册,第485页。
                              25《中华道藏》第11册,第485页。
                              26《中华道藏》第11册,第486页。
                              27《中华道藏》第11册,第487页。
                              28《中华道藏》第11册,第486页。
                              29《中华道藏》第11册,第483页。
                              30《中华道藏》第12册,第483、502页。
                              31《中华道藏》第10册,第635、582、314页。
                              32蒙文通:《道教史琐谈》,包遵信主编:《中国哲学》第四辑,北京:三联书店,1980年。
                              33《中华道藏》第11册,第76、10、42、68页。
                              34参见王彬:《宋初的黄老思想与律赋》,《济南大学学报》2017年第5期,第73-78页。
                              35毕沅:《续资治通鉴》卷九十三,北京:中华书局,1957年,第2401页。
                              36参见王彬:《宋初的黄老思想与律赋》,《济南大学学报》2017年第5期,第73-78页。
                              37《中华道藏》第10册,第432、424、507页。
                              38刘固盛《道教老学史》(华中师范大学出版社2008年版)对此有所论述,如唐代道士成玄英、李荣、杜光庭等均以重玄之学解《老》,此外,刘进喜、蔡子晃、黄玄赜、车玄弼、张君相、张惠超、黎元兴等道士之解《老》,都明重玄之道;宋代道士除陈景元外,董思靖的《道德真经集解》同样阐发黄老主题,又如杜道坚《道德玄经原旨》《玄经原旨发挥》,宣称老子思想的主旨为“皇道帝德”的治国政术;明清道士以内丹解《老》非常普遍,陆西星《老子道德经玄览》、程以宁《太上道德宝章翼》、李西月《道德经注释》、黄裳《道德经讲义》等可为代表。
                              39参见刘固盛:《论陈景元对〈老子〉思想的诠释与发挥》,《宗教学研究》2006年第2期。
                              40苏轼 :《六一居士集叙》,《苏轼文集》第一册,北京:中华书局,1986年,第316页。
                              41王利器:《水浒全传校注》第10册,石家庄:河北教育出版社,2009年,第3937页。

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