牛牛游戏厅安卓,{原始关键词}

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                      1. 当前位置: 代写一篇论文多少钱 > 社会哲学论文 > 西方哲学史发展背景下探究自我生命意识

                        西方哲学史发展背景下探究自我生命意识

                        时间:2019-02-07 15:29作者:刘徐湘
                        本文导读:这是一篇关于西方哲学史发展背景下探究自我生命意识的文章,自我生命意识萌发于自我的追问,经典的哲学问题 “我从那里来,我要到哪里去?” 中,蕴含着每个个体自我生命意识的觉醒。然而,设问的过程并非个体单纯的认知,而是融合了情感、意志与个性的精神遭遇,更是人类历史发展过

                          摘    要:牛牛游戏厅安卓,{原始关键词} 自我生命意识通过历史与时代的变迁发展其文化内涵,也通过个体自我意识发展成熟,这一过程可以从生命意识中的“我—我”关系、“我—他”关系与“我—你”关系加以论述。从时代精神的哲学考察与个体成长的生命经历中阐释三个阶段及其发展过程:“我—我”关系在对象性生命意识中发展,通过认知与实践的两个过程,从认识到实践,成就着发展中的我,自我的对象化与对象的自我化是其生成机制;“我—他”关系在时间的生命意识中显现,因为个体生命的有限,个体只有主动融入到无限的“总体”中,它超越对象化生命意识与“我—我”的局限,达到生命的永恒与崇高体验;“我—你”关系在“我—我”关系的对象意识、“我—他”关系的时间意识充分发展以后重新回到人的生命的本源状态,以诗意的情怀与共情能力重新回到“天人合一”的境界,这一过程不是简单的回归,而是前两者充分发展的回归。

                          关键词:牛牛游戏厅安卓,{原始关键词} 生命意识; 关系; 觉醒; 超越; 回归;

                          Abstract:牛牛游戏厅安卓,{原始关键词} Self-life consciousness develops its cultural connotation through the change of history and times, and also matures through individual self-consciousness. This process can be discussed from the ′I-I′ relationship, the ′I-He′ relationship, and the ′I-you′ relationship in life consciousness. This paper attempts to explain the three stages and their development process from the philosophical investigation of the spirit of the times and the life experience of individual growth: ′I-I′ relationship develops in the object life consciousness, through the two processes of cognition and practice, recognizing practice, achieving me in development, the objectification of self and the self-objectification of objects is its generating mechanism; the ′I-he′ relationship appears in the consciousness of life in time, because the individual life is limited, the individual only actively integrates in the infinite ′overall′, it transcends the objectized life consciousness and the limitation of ′I-I′ to reach the eternal and noble experience of life; the ′I-you′ relationship is the object consciousness of the ′I-I′ relationship after the full development of the time consciousness of the ′I-He′ relationship, she returned to the original state of human life. She returned to the realm of ′Heaven and Man′ with poetic sentiment and empathy. This process is not simple. Return, but the return of the full development of the former two.

                          Keyword: life consciousness; relationship; awakening; transcendence; return;

                          ZIWOSHENGMINGYISHIMENGFAYUZIWODEZHUIWEN,JINGDIANDEZHEXUEWENTI “WOCONGNEILILAI,WOYAODAONALIQU?” ZHONG,YUNHANZHEMEIGEGETIZIWOSHENGMINGYISHIDEJUEXING。RANER,SHEWENDEGUOCHENGBINGFEIGETIDANCHUNDERENZHI,ERSHIRONGHELEQINGGAN、YIZHIYUGEXINGDEJINGSHENZAOYU,GENGSHIRENLEILISHIFAZHANGUOCHENGDESHIDAIJINGSHENDECHENGXIAN。ZHEISHICONG “WO—WO” DESHEWENDAO “WO—TA” DEFANSI,ZAIDAO “WO—NI” DETONGQINGDEYUSHENGHUADETUIJINGUOCHENG。YEKEYICONGXIFANGZHEXUEDEZHUYAOLISHIZHONGCHENGXIAN,BENWENSHITUYIXIFANGZHEXUELISHIFAZHANDEWEIBEIJING,CONGSHENGMINGYISHIZHONG “WO—WO” GUANXIDAO “WO—TA” GUANXIZAIDAO “WO—NI” GUANXIDEGOUJIANGUOCHENG,ZHANXIANLEFANSIYUZIWOSHENGMINGYISHIDEJUEXINGDAOYOUXIANYUZIWOSHENGMINGYISHIDECHAOYUEZAIJINYIBUGONGQINGYUZIWOSHENGMINGYISHIDEHUIGUI,XIANGXILUNSHUHECHENGXIANZIWOSHENGMINGYISHIDECHAOYUEYUHUIGUI。

                          一、反思与自我生命意识的觉醒

                        牛牛游戏厅安卓,{原始关键词}   FANSIYUZIWOSHENGMINGYISHIDEJUEXINGJIUSHIYAOZAIRENSHIHESHIJIANJICHUSHANGTANJIUYUFAZHANSHENGMINGYISHIZHONG “WO—WO” DEGUANXI。ZIWOSHENGMINGYISHISHIZIWODUINEIZAIYUZISHENDESHENGMINGDEZHENGTILINGWU,WOSHISHEI,WONENGGOUZUOSHENME,WOBIANLEMA,WOWEISHENMEBIANLE,ZHEIXIEWENTIDOUYINHANZHEWODUIWODEZHUIWEN,SHIYIGEBUDUANFANSIDEGUOCHENG。YINCI, “WO—WO” GUANXISHISHENGMINGYISHIZHONGZUIWEIZHONGYAODEGUANXIZHIYI。

                          CONGXIFANGZHEXUEBEIJINGFENXIJIEHEGETIDEZIWOFAZHAN,“WO—WO” GUANXIJINGLILECONGRENSHIDAOSHIJIANDEFAZHANGUOCHENG,KEYICONGSUGELADIDAOMAKESIDESIXIANGFAZHANFANGUANZHEIYIFAZHANGUOCHENGYEKEYICONGGETIXINLIFAZHANJIAODUYINZHENGGAIGUANDIAN。

                          (一) “我—我” 关系在认识基础上的探究与发展

                          古希腊哲学是西方理性文明的发源地,前苏格拉底时期,人们以探究外在自然世界的奥秘为己任,外在自然就是人们研究的对象。苏格拉底的 “认识你自己” 拉开了西方哲学中人类自我认识的序幕,也成就了西方伦理学的构建与发展,西方哲学第一次发生伦理学转向,人自身成为研究的对象。柏拉图继承苏格拉底的学术方向,并试图构建完善的人类知识体系,但是该工作直到他的学生亚里士多德那里才初步完成。亚里士多德将人类的知识认为三类:理论知识、实践知识、创制知识[1]。理论知识研究自然的奥秘,实践知识探究人与人之间活动的规律,创制知识说明关于操作的过程。
                         

                        西方哲学史发展背景下探究自我生命意识
                         

                          YOUYUYALISHIDUODEDUIZHENZHENGGAIBIANRENLEISHENGCUNZHUANGTAIDECHUANGZHIZHISHIDEHUSHI,XIFANGZHEXUEBIRANYAOJINGLIYICHANGKUANGRICHIJIUDEGUANYUSHENGMINGYISHIZHONG “WO—WO” GUANXIDERENSHIJIEDUAN。RENMENZHISHIZAIJIESHIZHEGEZHONGGEYANGGUANYU “WO—WO” GUANXIDELILUN,WULUNSHIDAWEIXIUMODE 《RENXINGLUN》,HAISHILUOKEDE 《RENLEILIZHILUN》,DOUSHIZAIRENLEIZIWOFANSIDEJIAODUTANJIUQIRENSHINENGLI。

                          ZUOWEIXIFANGJINDAIZHEXUEDEJIDACHENGZHE,KANGDESHITUTANJIURENLEIDERENSHINENGLIRUHEDEWENTI,ZAI 《CHUNCUILIXINGPIPANZHONG》,TANULITANJIURENDERENSHINENGLI,CONGXIANYANJIEGOUDAOJINGYANPANDUAN,SHITUJIANLIWANZHENGDERENSHILUNTIXI。SUOYOUZHEIXIENULIDOUZAIBIAOMINGTADEMUBIAO,JILUOSUZHICHUDE: “YINWEI 《CHUNCUILIXINGPIPAN》 ZHIZAIJIZHISHIHUACHUJIEXIAN,YIBIANWEIXINYANGLIUCHUYUDI”[2]。ZAIZHEIYANGDEYUJINGXIA, “WO—WO” ZHINENGZAIRENSHIDEJICHUSHANGJIAYITANJIU,ZHEXUEJIAMENCHUANGLILEGEZHONGBUTONGDELILUN,JIESHIRENLEIDEZIWORENSHINENGLIJIQIKENENGXING。

                          (二) “我—我” 关系在实践基础上的探究与发展

                        牛牛游戏厅安卓,{原始关键词}   GUANYURENLEIZISHENSHENGMINGDEZHISHIYUYISHIYETIXIANZAISHIJIANZHISHILINGYU,YIBANERYAN,RENZHILIJIESHISHIJIEJIUSHILILUN,YIZHILILUOSHIDAOXINGWEIBIANSHISHIJIAN。YONGZAI “WO—WO” GUANXIDESHENGMINGYISHIZHONG,JIZIWODUIXIANGHUAHEDUIXIANGDEZIWOHUA。

                        牛牛游戏厅安卓,{原始关键词}   MAKESIRENWEI “ZHEXUEJIAZHISHIZAIYONGBUTONGDEFANGSHIJIESHISHIJIE,ERWENTIZAIYUGAIBIANSHIJIE”[3]。TATICHULAODONGDUIXIANGHUALILUN,RENWEI “LAODONGDECHANPINJIUSHIGUDINGZAIMOUGEDUIXIANGZHONG、WUHUAWEIDUIXIANGDELAODONG,ZHEIJIUSHILAODONGDEDUIXIANGHUA”[4]。MAKESIDELAODONGDUIXIANGHUALILUNQIAHAOKEYIJIESHI “WO—WO” GUANXIDEDESHIJIANJIZHI。MAKESIDESHIJIANLILUNRENWEI:RENZAIGAIBIANKEGUANDUIXIANGSHIJIEDETONGSHIYEGAIBIANLEZIJI,RENDELEIBENXINGQIAQIASHI “SHIZIJIDESHENGMINGHUODONGBENSHENBIANCHENGZIJIYIZHIHEZIJIYISHIDEDUIXIANG”[1]。TONGGUORENLEISHIJIANHUODONGDEZHUDONGXINGYUCHUANGZAOXING,RENJIANGZIJIDESHENGMINGHUODONGYEBIANCHENGLEGAIZAODEDUIXIANG,ZHEIJIUSHIRENCHAOYUEHESHENGHUAZIJIDE “ZIYOU”。RENDUIZIJISHENGMINGHUODONGDEDUIXIANGHUAGAIZAO,JINRUXIANDAIKEXUESHEHUIHOUGENGZHANGXIANCHULILIANG,BIRUSHENGMINGKEXUEYUYICHUANGONGCHENGDEYINGYONG,RANGRENMENBUJINKEYIXUANZEJIANKANGDEJIYINHEKEYIGAIZAOBUJIANKANGDEJIYIN。

                          “FUYANSHUO” RENWEIGETISHENGMINGCHENGZHANGGUOCHENGFUYANRENDELEIBENXINGDEFAZHANLICHENG,GETIZAIZISHENDEGEXIANGHUODONGZHONG,TONGGUO “WO—WO” GUANXIQIAOLIANG,FANSIHEFANSHENGZISHEN,JIANGZIWOZHUTISHENGMINGHUODONGGUOCHENGZUOWEIFANSIDEDUIXIANG,BINGTONGGUOSHENGMINGHUODONGBENSHENZHILIANGDEGAISHANERCHENGJIUZIJIDEXINSHENGMING。ERTONGZAI3SUIZUOYOUKAISHIYOUZIWOYISHI,ZIWOYISHIMENGYAHOUSHOUXIANBAZIJIYUWAIWUQUFENKAILAI。WOSHIZHUTI,WAIJIESHIKETI,XINLIXUEYANJIUBIAOMING,ERTONGCONG3~6SUIXUYAOJINGLIYIDUANZIWOZHONGXINFAZHANJIEDUAN,DANGZIWOYISHIFAZHANCHENGSHUYIHOUKAISHI,WOBENSHENCAICHENGWEIZIWOGUANCHAYUFANSIDEDUIXIANG,ERTONGYOULE “WO—WO” DESHEWENYUSIKAO,YAOTISHENGZIJIDESHENXINFAZHANSHUIPING,XUYAOZHUDONGDITISHENGZIWOYISHIZHONGDUIXIANGHUAGAIZAODENENGLI。

                        牛牛游戏厅安卓,{原始关键词}   ZIWOJIAOYUJIANLIZAI “WO—WO” GUANXIDESHENSHIYUGAIJINJIZHISHANG。ZAICIYIYISHANG,ZIWOSHENGMINGDE “DUIXIANGYISHI” SHIZUIWEIZHONGYAOHEGENBENDE。ZHUTIDEWOHEKETIDEWO,ZUOYONGYUDUIXIANGDEWOHEDUIXIANGZUOPINZHONGCUNZAIDEWOFAHUIZHEDUIXIANGHUAGOUJIANDESHUANGXIANGZUOYONG。 “WO—WO” GUANXIDEJIANGOUYUGAIZAOGUOCHENGKEYICHENGZHIWEIZIWODUIXIANGHUAHEDUIXIANGDEZIWOHUA,SUOWEIWODEDUIXIANGHUAJIWOZUOWEIZHUTIJIANGZIJIDEBENZHILILIANGZUOYONGYUKETI,ERDUIXIANGZIWOHUAJIWOCHUANGZAODEDUIXIANGZUOPINZHONGZHENGTIXIANZHEWODEBENZHILILIANG。YIERTONGSHOUGONGZHITAOWEILI,TAJIANGZIJIDECHUANGZAOJIQINGYUJINGZHIDEGOUSI (ZHUTI) ZUOYONGYUTAOTU (KETI),ZHEIYITAOTUZUIHOUXINGCHENGYIGENENGTIXIANZIJIBENZHILILIANGDETAOYIZUOPIN (ZHUKETIJIAORONG),ZHIYAOERTONGSHENXINZHENGTITOURU,ZIWODEDUIXIANGHUAYUDUIXIANGDEZIWOHUABIANHUICHENGXIANGAIZAODELILIANG,ERTONG (WO) GAIZAOYUANSHIDETAOTU,SHITACHENGWEIWODEZUOPIN (WODEDUIXIANGHUA),DANSHIDANGERTONGSHENSHIZHEIYIZUOPINSHI,WENZHEIGETAOYIZUOPINJIUJINGZENYANG,BUJINZAISHENSHIZUOPIN,ERQIEZAISHENSHIZIJI (DUIXIANGZIWOHUA),TAYEZAIBUDUANCHUANGZAOGENGHAODETAOYIZUOPINZHONGWANSHANZIJI。YOUYUDUIXIANGZIWOHUA,ZIWODEBENZHIKEYITIXIANZAIDUIXIANGZUOPINZHONG,RENJIUZHEIYANGGAIBIANSHIJIE;YOUYUDUIXIANGZIWOHUA,DUIXIANGZUOPINZHONGCHENGXIANCHUWODEBENZHI,YINERBUDUANDICHUANGZAOYUGAIZAOZUOPINDEGUOCHENGQIAQIASHIERTONGZIWOGAIZAOYUJINBUDEGUOCHENG。

                          二、有限与自我生命意识的超越

                          “WO—TA” DEFANSISHIYUANYUZIWOSHENGMINGDEYOUXIAN。HAIDEGEERYI “XIANGSICUNZAI” ZHIDIRENSHENGMINGDEYOUXIAN,TONGGUO “FAN”、“WEI” DEJIEDUZHAOSHIRENSHENGZAISHIDE “CIZAI”,HAIDEGEERSHUODAO: “SIZUOWEICIZAIDEZHONGJIENAISHICIZAIZUIBENJIDE、WUSUOGUANLIAN、QUEQIEDE、ERZUOWEIQIBENSHENZEBUQUEDINGDE、BUKEYUYUEDEKENENGXING。SI,ZUOWEICIZAIDEZHONGJIECUNZAI,CUNZAIZAIZHEIYICUNZAIZHEXIANGQIZHONGJIEDECUNZAIZHIZHONG”[5]。 “XIANGSICUNZAI” SHIWURENKETAOTUODEZUIWEIBENJIDECUNZAI,RANGRENBUKEWEIBUFAN。RENRUOYOUSUOZUOWEI,ZHIYOUZAI “LISHIXINGDESI” ZHONGCAINENGTONGDAZAISHIZHI “SIBENTI”。 “SISHIZAIDE,YINWEISIYOUZAIFASHENG,SHUYUZAI。TONGSHI,SISHIZAIDE,YINWEISISHUYUZAI,TINGCONGZAI”[6]。ERLISHIXINGDESISHIRONGTONGZHEGUOQU、XIANZAI、WEILAIZHENGTIXINGDESI,TAMEIYOUGUDINGDAOMOUYIDUIXIANGLIQU,ERSHIZHUDONGJIANGZIJI (CIZAI) TOURUDAO “ZAI” DE “CHANGKAI” ZHUANGTAI。

                          RUORUCI,SIZUOWEILISHIXINGDERONGRU,BIANSHENTOUDAOSHIJIANZHONGLAILE。SIBENSHENMEIYOUBASHIJIANQUFENWEIKONGJIANDEPIANDUAN,RANGSHIJIANDUIXIANGHUA,SIYUSHIJIANTONGZAI。DANSHI “SIBENTI” ZHONGJIUYOU “WO—TA” DEJIEGOU,YINWEI,LISHIZONGSHITAZHEDEYANXUHEZAISHI。KANGDENINGKEZHANGXIANNEIGEDAXIEDE “TA”,CHENGZHIWEI “RENLEIZONGTI”,RENLEIZONGTISHENGMINGDEYANXUZECHENGWEI “TA” ZHIXIANTIANLIXINGDE “JUEDUIMINGLING”,JINGUAN “JUEDUIMINGLING” SHIPUBIANDEXINGSHI,DANSHIDUIXIANSHISHENGHUOZHONGJUTIDERENYIRANYOUZHEDAODEDEYUESHULI。YUSHI,DAXIEDE “TA” XIANSHENWEIDUIGETIYANGEDELIXINGYUDAODEYAOQIU。

                        牛牛游戏厅安卓,{原始关键词}   CUNZAIZHUYIDUICHOUXIANGZONGTIDEFANKANGZEYIDUIGETIZIWODEJUEDUIZHANGYANGWEIQIZHI,BAGETIDEKUNAOYUWEIJUFANGZAIQIANTIDIWEI,SHENZHIYOU “TARENJIDIYU” DEJIZHILILUN。XIANDAIFAGUOZHEXUEJIALIEWEINASIFANDUI “TARENJIDIYU” DELILUN,ZAIWEIHUTAZHEDETONGSHIYEZAIHANWEIZUOWEIZONGTIDETONGYI,GOUJIANZAIWUXIANJICHUSHANGDEZHUTIXING,SHIJISHANGYUNHANZHEGENGDUODEDONGXI,ERZHEIQIAQIASHILIEWEINASISUOYAOZHANGXIANDEZHUTIXING,JI“ZUOWEIDUITARENDEYINGJIE,HAOKEDEZHUTIXING”[7]。

                        牛牛游戏厅安卓,{原始关键词}   WENTISHIYINGGAIYIZENYANGDEZIWOSHENGMINGYISHILAIYINGDUIZIWOYOUXIANSHENGMINGDEMINGYUN,ZAICIBOGESENDESHIJIANYISHIYUSHENGCUNZHIJUEYOUZHEJIJIDEYIWEI。BOGESENRENWEI,BENZHENDEWOYUDUIXIANGDEWOWANQUANBUTONG,DUIXIANGDEWORENZHIXUYAOLIZHIZHIJUE,ERBENZHENDEZIWOBAWOBIXUYIKAOSHENGCUNZHIJUE,DUIXIANGDEWOKEYISHIKONGJIANHUADEDUIXIANG,ERBENZHENDEWOZESHIBUKEFENGEDEZHENGTI,YINWEIBENZHENDEZIWOHUOSHENGMINGSHIYIZHONGMIANYAN,MIANYANSHIBUKEFENGEDE、GEYINSUXIANGHUSHENTOUDE “BUXICHUANLIU”。BAWOZIWODUIXIANGDELIZHIZHIJUE,YOUYUYIKONGJIANWEIQI “ZHIJUEXINGSHI”,BIRANJIANGMIANYANFENGE。LIZHIZHIJUEZHONGGUANYUZIWODEKONGJIANBIAOXIANGZAIGEDUANMIANYANDEQINGXINGXIAJIANLI,RENMENYOUCIXINGCHENGZIWOGAINIANHEGAINIANXITONG。DANSHI,ZIWODEZHUANGTAIYIDANBEIFANGRUKONGJIAN “JIAGE”,WOMENJIUHUIZIRANDIBAZHEIKONGJIAN “JIAGE” SUOJUYOUDEKEFENXINGKANZUO “ZIWODESEDIAO”,WEILECHENGMINGZHENZHENGDEZIWO (CHUNMIANYAN),JIUXUYAOJIANGZIWOZHIKONGJIANYIJIYOUCICHANSHENGDEZIWOGAINIANJIQILUOJILIANXI “JINXINGSAOCHUCHUQU”[8]。

                        牛牛游戏厅安卓,{原始关键词}   ZHONGGUOZHEXUEZHONGDEXINXUE,BAHUIGUIBENXINDENEISHENGTIYANFANGZAITUCHUDIWEI。LUJIUYUANLUNSHUDAO: “DAOWEIYOUWAIHUQIXINZHE”,XUNQIUDAODEGUOCHENGJIUSHIHUIGUIBENXINGDEGUOCHENG。WANGYANGMINGYESHUODADAOWUXINGWUXIANGSUOYIXINGXIANGLAITICHA,GENGJIAWUFAYONGYUYANGAINIANXIANXIAN, “XINTIJISUOWEIDAO,XINTIMINGJISHIDAOMING”[9],YINCI,ZHIYOU “XIANGLIXUNQIU” HUOZHE “TIREN” CAINENGTONGDATIANDAO。WEILEKEFUZIWODEFENLIEZHUANGTAI,XUYAORENDESHENGCUNZHIJUE,ZAIZHEIZHONGZHIJUEZHONGRENMENZHIJIEYONGYOUBENZHENDEZIWO,ERBUSHIXIANGLIZHIZHIJUENEIYANGTONGGUODUIXIANGDEZIWOFENXIJIANJIEDIYONGYOUYIZHONGCHOUXIANGDEZIWO。DUI “WO—WO” GUANXIZHONGDUIXIANGYISHICHAOYUEDESHIJIANYISHI,TAZAI “WO—TA” GUANXIDEKAOLIANGZHONGFASHENGLEFEIYUE。YIFANGMIANRENBUZAIJUXIANYUDUIXIANGZIWODERENSHIYUGAIZAO,LINGYIFANGMIANBAZIJIRONGRUDAOWUXIANDEZONGTIHEMIANYANDESHIJIANZHONGQU,XIAOJIELEGETIYUZONGTIDEDUILI。XIANSHISHENGHUODEGETIWANGWANGSHICONG “TAZHE” TONGYANGDEZIYOUZHONGFANSICHUZIJIDEBUZIYOU,YECONGRENLEIZONGTISHENGMINGDEYANXUZHONGTIHUIDAOZIWOSHENGMINGDEJIAZHI。YINER,YAOZHANGXIAN “WO—TA” GUANXIDEZHENDI,CHENGRULEIFENGSUOSHUO: “RENDESHENGMINGSHIYOUXIANDE,DANSHI,WEIRENMINFUWUSHIWUXIANDE,WOYAOBAYOUXIANDESHENGMINGTOURUDAOWUXIANDEWEIRENMINFUWUZHONGQU。” ZAICIYIYISHANG,ZIWOSHENGMINGDE “SHIJIANYISHI (MIANYAN)” ZHANGXIANQIJIAZHI。

                          SHENGMINGJIAOYUHUODONGZHONG,BUJINJINXUYAOBASHENGMINGZUOWEIDUIXIANGQURENSHIYUGAIZAO,HAIXUYAOCHAOYUEDUIXIANGYISHIDE “WO—WO” GUANXIDEQUEZHENG,YAOJIAOYUXUESHENGJIANGYOUXIANDESHENGMINGTOURUDAOWUXIANDESHIJIANZHONGQU。GETIWUFAYUWUXIANMIANYANDESHIJIANDUIKANG,ZHIYOUZHUDONGRONGRUDAOZHEIZHENSHICUNZAIDESHIJIANZHONG,CAINENGTIHUIDAOZIWOYUDAXIEDE “TA” ZHIJIANDEHEXIE。ZAICI,DAXIEDE “TA” BUSHICHOUXIANGDECUNZAIWU,ERSHIXIANGDUIWUXIANDECUNZAI,TASHIWUXIANSHIJIANMIANYANDESHIZAI,YUWUXIANDEMIANYANGENGJIEJIN。LEIFENGPOSHIDEHUAYUQIAQIASHIZHEIYIZHENLIDEXIEZHAO。HENZHANGYIDUANSHIJIANRENMENZHISHIGUANZHULEIFENGJINGSHENDEDAODEBANGYANG,ERMEIYOURENSHIDAOLEIFENGJINGSHENTONGYANGYOUZHEZHEXUEYIYIYUSHENMEIZHUIQIUDEJIAZHI。LEIFENGJINGSHENCONGDAODEDESHENGHUAWEISHENMEIDE,BUJINSHIRENDEXINGWEIYUDAODEGUIFAN,YESHIRENCHAOYUEDUIXIANGXINGSIWEIDEFANGFA,CHAOYUEDUIXIANGXINGZIWOGAIZAODEJINGSHENSHENGHUA,ZAIZHEIZHONGXINYANGGANZHAOXIA,RENMENYOUZHEWUXIANDEJINGSHENJITUO,YINWEITARONGRUDAORENMENSHENGCUNTIYANDEGAOSHANGJIAZHIZHONG,RANGRENRONGRUYONGHENGDESHIJIANZHILIUZHONG,RANGRENMEIYOUBEISHIJIANFENLIDELIYIGAN,DANGRENDESHENGMINGYUYONGHENGDESHIJIANXIANGYUBINGFASHENGWEIMIAODERONGHE,RENDESHENGMINGTIYANJIUGENGYOUJIAZHI。

                          三、共情与自我生命意识的回归

                        牛牛游戏厅安卓,{原始关键词}   “WO—NI” DEGANTONGSHENSHOUZESHIRENDEGONGQINGNENGLIDETIXIAN。GONGQINGNENGLISHIRENDEJIBENNENGLI,XINLIXUEJIALUOJIESIRENWEI,GONGQINGBINGFEITONGQING,SUOWEIGONGQINGNENGLIJIUSHINENGCONGTARENDEJIAODUGANSHOUTARENDEGANSHOU,BINGBIAODACIZHONGGANSHOUDENENGLI。GONGQINGBUJINJUXIANYURENZHIYUSIWEI,GENGZAIYUSHENTIDEGANSHOU,LUOJIESIDEYISHILIAOFAJIJIYUSHENTIDEGANJUE,RENWEIZHEICAISHIZHILIAODEGENBEN。TONGGUOZUIWEIZHIGUANDEGANSHOU,JIQINGXU,RENMEN,ENHUODEZHENZHENGDEGONGQING。QISHENGLIJIZHIJIJINGXIANGSHENJINGYUANJIQIZUCHENG,JINGXIANGSHENJINGYUANYIWUXIANWANGLUODEFANGSHICHUANBOXINXI,SHIJINGXIANGSHENJINGYUANRANGRENHUODEGONGQINGTONGLIXIN,TASHIGONGQINGNENGLIDESHENGLIJICHU。LUOJIESIQIANGDIAOGONGQINGBUSHILIANJIADEANWEI,ERSHIJINRUNI,ZOUJINNI。

                          20SHIJICHU,AODILIZHEXUEJIAMADING·BUBOZAIQIZHUANZHE 《WOYUNI》 ZHONGTICHUSHENGHUOSHIJIEDESHUANGZHONGJIEGOULILUN:YISHI “WEIWOMENSUOYONGDESHIJIE” (the world to be used),ERSHI “WOMENYUZHIXIANGYUDESHIJIE” (the world to be met)。ZAISHENGHUOSHIJIEZHONG,SHUANGZHONGJIEGOUYINGXIANGZHEMEIYIGERENJUTIDEREN,JIANGZHEIZHONGYINGXIANGYANSHENDAOQISHENGHUOTAIDUYUHUODONG。BUBOJINYIBUJIEDINGQIANZHEWEI“WO—TA”GUANXI,HOUZHEWEI “WO—NI” GUANXI。BINGLUNZHENGBUTONGGUANXIZHONGRENMENDUIDAISHENGHUODETAIDUDEBUTONG,RENWEIZAI “WO—TA” GUANXIZHONG,RENMENCHONGSHANGDUIXIANGHUASIWEIYUKONGZHIDETAIDU,BAWANWUDANGCHENGDUIXIANGBINGJIAYIGAIZAO;ERZAI “WO—NI” GUANXIZHONG,RENMENZERENWEITARENYUTAWUSHIHEZIJIYIYANGDEZHUTICUNZAI,XUYAOGONGQINGYULIJIE,ZHEISHIZHEXUEYIYISHANGDUIRENDEGONGQINGNENGLIDEMIAOSHU,QIRENSHENGTAIDUYI “WO—NI” DEJIEGOUFANGSHILAIBIAODA。

                          BUBOSHOUXIANKENDING “WO—NI” GUANXIDEJIAZHIYUYIYI,TAFANSILE “WO—TA” JIEGOUDEJUXIANXINGRENWEI “RENSHENGBINGBUZONGSHIZAIJIWUDONGCILINGYULIDUGUODE。TABINGBUZHISHIYIKAOYIMOUWUWEIDUIXIANGDEHUODONGCAICUNZAIZHEDE。WOZHIJUEDAOMOUWU,WOGANJUEDAOMOUWU,WOXIANGXIANGZHEMOUWU,WOYIYUANZHEMOUWU,WOGANCHUMOUWU,WOSIKAOMOUWU。RENSHENGBINGFEIJINJINLUNXIANYUZHEIXIEYIJIZHEIYILEIDEDONGXI。SUOYOUZHEIXIE,ZHIGOUCHENG ‘TA’ DELINGYU”[10]。QISHIRENSHENGHAIYOUGENGYOUYIYIDEYIMIAN,JI “‘NI’ DELINGYU”,GAILINGYUXIANRANBUTONGYU “‘TA’ DELINGYU”。ZAI “NIDELINGYU”,RENMENTONGGUO “RENAI”、RANGWOHE “NI” YOUZHEXINLINGDEXIANGYU。POCHULEBABIERENDANGCHENGKETIBINGZUOWEIDUIXIANGDEGEHE,WOHENIJIUZHEIYANGZHIJIEXIANGYU。ZHEISHIYIZHONGZIWOSHENGMINGYISHIHUIGUI,YINWEI “WO—NI” GUANXIXIANXINGYU “WO—TA”。 RENZAIRENSHIDAOZIJISHI “WO” ERYU “TA” FENLIZHIQIAN,BENLAISHISHENGHUOZAI “WO—NI” YITIDEGUANXIZHIZHONGDE,ZHEISHIYIZHONGYUANSHIDETIANRENHEYIJINGJIE,RENYUZIRANJIEHETARENSHITIANRANHEYIBINGWUFENBIEDE。TASHIZUIYUANSHIDEGUANXI,“YUANSHIRENDEYUYAN”, “ZHUYAOZHISHIYIZHONGGUANXIZHIZHENGTI”[11]。MEIYIGETIYESHIZHEIYANG,RENSHENGZHINIANYOUQI,BINGWUZIWOYISHI,ERYIDANYOULEZIWOYISHI,ERTONGBIANJINRU “WO—TA” DEYISHIZHONG,BAZIJIDANGCHENGZHUTI,BA “TA” DANGCHENGDUIXIANGHEKETI。

                        牛牛游戏厅安卓,{原始关键词}   CONGRENLEIFAZHANLAIKAN,RENLEIJINGGUOZIWOYISHIDEMENGYAYUFAZHAN,JINGLIMANZHANGDE “WO—TA” GUANXIDEFAZHANHOUZAIHUIGUIDAO “WO—NI” DESHIXINGQINGHUAIYUDADIHUAIBAO。RENJINRUZIWOYISHI,JINRUDUIXIANGHUAYISHILINGYUNAISHIRENLEIFAZHANDEBIRAN,YINWEIMEIYOUDUIXIANGHUAYISHIDUIYUWUZHIYUWAIZAISHIJIEDERENSHISHIJIANYUGAIZAO,BIANBUHUIYOUWUZHICAIFUDEDALIANGYONGXIAN,RENZHINENGYONGYUANSHENGHUOZAIYUANSHIDE “TIANRENHEYI” ZHUANGTAI。DANSHIRENBUNENGZHANGQIJUXIANYUDUIXIANGHUAYISHIDEZHUANGTAIZHONG,YOUQISHIZAIDANGJINKEJIFAZHAN,SHENGCHANSHUIPINGTIGAO,WUZHICAIFUZUYIYANGHUORENLEI,RANGRENLEIGUOSHANGCHONGYUDESHENGHUOYIHOU,RUGUOHAIJUXIANYUZHEIYANGDESHENGHUOBIANBUNENGYUZIRANZHONGXINRONGWEIYITI。JIUNANYIGUOSHANGYIZHONGSHENMEISHENGHUO,TANENGGOUHUANXINGZIRANDESHENGMINGLILIANG,ERBUSHIBAZIRANDANGZUOHAOWUSHENGQIDEKETI, “YINWEIJINGYANHESHIYONGNENGLIDEZENGZHANG,ZHUYAOSHITONGGUOJIANGDIRENMENJINRUGUANXIDELILIANG,JIXUERUORENMENSUOWEIYILAIYISHENGHUOZAIJINGSHENZHONGDESHENGHUODELILIANGERFASHENGDE”。“JINGSHENZAIYUWOHENIZHIJIAN” DEYITIGUANXI,ERBUSHUYU “WOHETA”。ZHEISHIYIZHONGSHENMEISHIDEJINGSHENSHENGHUO,YESHIYIZHONGHUODEYOUSHENGMINGDESHENGHUO,HUODESHENGHUOZHONGDERENMEN,JUBEIYIZHONGHUANXINGZIRANSHIJIEDENENGLI,SHIJIESHIWUXINGDETONGSHIHAISHIZIYOUZIZHUDEYOULINGHUNDECUNZAI,SHIDANCHUNDEBEIGAIZAODEDUIXIANGYESHIZHUDONGHUIYINGDESHENGMINGTI。TAMENZHIJIANDECHAYIQUJUEYURENDUISHIJIEWANWUDEBUTONGTAIDU:RUOBATARENDANGCHENGKELIYONGKEKONGZHIDEDUIXIANGHEGONGJU,ZHEIGERENJIUCHENGLE “TA”;XIANGFANJIUSHIYIDUOHUA。RUGUOBUBATAJINJINDANGCHENGGUANCHAHEYANJIUDEDUIXIANG,BUJINJINCONGJIEPOUDEJIAODUQUYANJIUTAMA,FENJIETA,TAJIUSHIYIGEYOUZHEHUOLIDESHENGMINGTI。LINGMUDAZHUOYIHUAWEILISHUOMING: “SHANDEQUJINFA,SHIZHIJIEJINRUWUTIBENSHEN,ERKEYISHUOSHICONGTALIBIANLAIKANTA。QURENZHIZHEIDUOHUANAISHIBIANCHENGZHEIDUOHUA,QUZUOZHEIDUOHUA,RUZHEIDUOHUAYIBANKAIFANG,QUXIANGSHOUYANGGUANGYIJIYUZE。DANGWOZHEIYANGZUO,HUAJIUDUIWOSHUOHUA,ERWOZHIDAOLETASUOYOUDEMIMI,TASUOYOUDEXIYUE,SUOYOUDETONGKU,YEJIUSHISHUO,WOZHIDAOLEZAITAZHINEISUOMAIDONGZHEDEQUANBUSHENGMING”[12]。ZAIBUBOHELINGMUDAZHUOKANLAI,RENKEYIYUZIRANJIEQINJIN,JINRUZIRANSHENGMINGTINEIBU,RANGZIRANWUZHIYEJUYOUHUODESHENGMING。ERZHEIYANGDENENGLIJIUSHIYIZHONGYUZIRANHEERWEIYINENGLI,SHIYIZHONGSHIXINGDENENGLI。

                          ZAIZHEIYANGDESHENGMINGTIYANZHONG,RENYOUZHETIANRENHEYI、WUWOLIANGWANGDESHENMEITIYAN,YUZHONGGUODE “WANWUYITI” TEBIESHIYUWANGYANGMINGDE “YITIZHIREN” DESIXIANGXIANGJINDECHENGFEN。RENSHENGDEZUIGAOYIYIBUZAIYURENJIFENLI、WUWOGELIHUOBUBODE “WO—TA” GONGSHIHEXIFANGJINDAIZHEXUEDE “ZHUKEGUANXI” SHI,ERZAIYUDUI “WANWUYITI”、“MINBAOWUYU” DELINGWU,ZAIYUDUIBUBODE “WO—NI” DEYITIGUANXIDELINGWU。ZHEIYILINGYUYUBENYUANDECUNZAIGENGJIAJIEJIN。

                          YIGEYOUSHIYIJINGJIEDERENHUOYOU “MINBAOWUYU” DEXIONGHUAIDERENKEYIHUANXINGMOUWU,SHIZHIRONGGUANGHUANFAERYUWOMENJINXINGYUYANJIAOLIUDE,JISHITASHIWUSHENGMINGHUOWUZIWOYISHIZHIWU。ZAIZHONGGUOWENHUAZHONG,DUIYU “NI—WO” SHENGMINGYISHIDEXINGCHENG,MENGZIDE “CEYINZHIXINRENJIEYOUZHI” BIAOMINGLERENDEYUANSHIGONGQINGNENGLI。YINWEINEIGE “NI” YESHIHUOSHENGSHENGDE “WO”,NIDEQIEFUZHITENGWOSUIRANMEIYOU,DANWONENGGOUGANSHOUDAO。RUGUOSHUOKANGDEJUEDUIMINGLINGZHONGDE “TA” GUOYUCHOUXIANGHEYANSU,NEIME,ZHEIGEXIANSHIHEHUOSHENGSHENGDE “NI” ZERANGRENDESHENGMINGYISHIZENGJIALEJUTIYUHUOPO;RUGUOSHUOKANGDEDERENLEIZONGTIDE “TA” YOUZONGJIAOYUCHAOYUEYIYI,NEIMEZHEIGEXIANSHIDE “NI” ZERANGRENHUIGUIDADI。

                          YOUJIAZHIDESHIZHUANGZIGUANYU “YUZHILE” DETONGQINGJUBEIXIANDAISHENGMINGZHEXUEYIYI。ZAIZHONGGUOZHEXUEZHONG,ZIRANBUSHIWEIRENLEISUOKONGZHIDENEIGE “TA”,ERSHIRURENLEIYIYANGYOUSHENGMINGDENEIGE “NI”,ZIRANJIUSHIRUWOYIYANGHUOSHENGSHENGDE “NI”。ZHONGGUOWENHUADUIYUXIANDAIDIQIULVSESHENGMINGYISHIDEXINGCHENGJUYOUSHIFENZHONGYAODEJIAZHI。TAZAIKANGDERENLEIZONGTISHENGMINGYANXUDEZONGJIAOBANDEZHUANGYANZHONG,HUIGUIDADISHIXINGDEHUAIBAO,ZAIZHONGGUOGUDIANSHANSHUIHUAZHONG,SHANSHUIBIANBUSHINEIGECHOUXIANGDE “TA”,ERSHINEIGEHUOSHENGSHENGRU “WOMEN” YIYANGDE “NI”。ZHEIJIURANGRENDESHENGMINGHUIDAODADIDEHUAIBAO,HUIGUI “SHIYIDEANJU”。ZAICIJICHUSHANG,ZIWOSHENGMINGZHONGDE “SHIXINGYISHI” BEIZHONGXINHUANXING。

                        牛牛游戏厅安卓,{原始关键词}   XIANDAISHENGMINGJIAOYUYINGDANGJIANLIZAIZIWOSHENGMINGYISHIDEXINGCHENGYULISHISHANBIANZHONG,CONG “WO—WO” GUANXIDERENLEIZIYOUYUDUIXIANGHUADEHUODONGZHONG,WOMENKEYIKANDAORENDUIZIRAN、SHEHUIYURENBENSHENGAIZAODESHENGMINGLILIANG;CONG “WO—TA” GUANXIDEFANSIZHONG,WOMENKANDAODESHIZIWOSHENGMINGDEYOUXIANYURENLEIZONGTISHENGMINGWUXIANDEDUIZHIYUZHANGLI,GETIXUYAOZAICHAOYUEZISHENSHENGMINGDEYOUXIANXINGZHONGSHIXIANZIJIDEJIAZHI,RENDESHENGMINGYANXUDEDONGLITUIDONGRENLEIYUGETINULIFENDOUYISHIXIANRENSHENGJIAZHIHELIXIANG;ERZAI “WO—NI” GUANXIDEGUANZHAOZHONG,ZIRANHEZIWOBUZAISHIGAIZAODEDUIXIANG,RENLEIZONGTIYUTARENYEBUZAISHICHOUXIANGHEFANGAIZISHENJUEDUIZIYOUDE “TAZHE”,TARANGGETISHENGMINGHUIGUIDADIDEHUAIBAO,RENYIQIXIANSHIDESHENGMING “SHIYIDIANJUYUDADISHANG”。

                          参考文献

                          [1] 亚里士多德.形而上学[M].北京:中国人民大学出版社,1993.
                          [2] 伯兰特·罗素.西方的智慧[M].北京:中央编译出版社,2007.
                          [3] 马克思恩格斯选集 (第1卷) [M].北京:人民出版社,1972.
                          [4] 马克思恩格斯全集 (第42卷) [M].北京:人民出版社,1979.
                          [5] 海德格尔.存在与时间[M].北京:生活·读书·新知三联书店,1987.
                          [6] 海德格尔.人,诗意地安居[M].桂林:广西师范大学出版社,2000.
                          [7] 伊曼努尔·列维纳斯.总体与无限[M].北京:北京大学出版社,2016.
                          [8] 柏格森.时间与自由意志[M].北京:商务印书馆,1958.
                          [9] 王阳明.传习录[M] .南昌:江西人民出版社,2016.
                          [10] Martin Buber.I and Thou[M].English Edition by Charles Scribners,1958.
                          [11] 刘小枫.二十世纪西方宗教哲学文选[M].上海:上海三联书店,1991.
                          [12] 铃木大拙,佛洛姆.禅与心理分析[M].北京:中国民间文艺出版社,1986.

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