牛牛游戏厅安卓,{原始关键词}

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                            2. 当前位置: 代写一篇论文多少钱 > 社会哲学论文 > 先秦和同思想及其传承发展探析

                              先秦和同思想及其传承发展探析

                              时间:2020-04-01 11:39作者:程有为
                              本文导读:这是一篇关于先秦和同思想及其传承发展探析的文章,中国古代,“和”与“同”出现较早。在甲骨文中,即有“龢”字。《说文》曰:“龢,调也。从龠,禾声。读与和同。”卜辞中用作祭名。甲骨文中亦有“同”字,一是祭名,一是“会同”的意思。在《周易》《尚书》和《诗

                                摘    要: 中国古代的和同思想形成于春秋时期。春秋时期的思想家、政治家论述了和与同的区别,从总体上倡导和、同,并将它运用到社会生活的方方面面,形成了较为完善的和同思想体系。战国时期儒家、道家、墨家以及杂家对和、同思想多有阐述,唯法家罕有论及,出现了玄同、太和、和合、和同、大同等思想观念。这些思想观念表现于人们的宇宙观,成为士人自身修养和处理各种关系的准则,也成为一种政治思想和社会理想。这些思想经过秦汉以降思想家、政治家的传承与发挥,成为中国优秀传统文化的重要组成部分。和同思想的弘扬对于提高民众思想道德素质,树立社会主义核心价值观,构建人类命运共同体,都具有重要的现实意义。

                                关键词:牛牛游戏厅安卓,{原始关键词} 和同之辨; 和合思想; 大同之道; 人类命运共同体;

                                Abstract: The ancient Chinese thought of He(Harmony) and Tong(Sameness) was formed in the Spring and Autumn period.Thinkers and statesmen discussed the differences between He and Tong.But on the whole,they advocated both and applied them to all aspects of social life,forming a relatively complete system of He and Tong Ideology.In the Warring States Period,Confucianism,Taoism,Mohism and Eclectics expounded on the thoughts,except for Legalism.The ideas of Xuan Tong,Tai He,He He,He Tong,Da Tong,etc.appeared thereafter were expressed in people' s cosmology and became the criterion for intellectuals' self-cultivation and handling of various relations as well as a kind of political thoughts and social ideal.Inherited and developed by the thinkers and politicians since the Qin and Han Dynasties,these ideas have been an important part of China' s excellent traditional culture.The promotion of He and Tong is of great practical significance to the improvement of people ' s ideological and moral quality,the establishment of core socialist values and the construction of the Community of Shared Future for Mankind.

                                Keyword:牛牛游戏厅安卓,{原始关键词} He(Harmony)and Tong(Sameness); Thought of Harmony; Way of Da Tong; Community of Shared Future for Mankind;

                                ZHONGGUOGUDAI,“HE”YU“TONG”CHUXIANJIAOZAO。ZAIJIAGUWENZHONG,JIYOU“HE”ZI。《SHUOWEN》YUE:“HE,DIAOYE。CONGYUE,HESHENG。DUYUHETONG。”BUCIZHONGYONGZUOJIMING。JIAGUWENZHONGYIYOU“TONG”ZI,YISHIJIMING,YISHI“HUITONG”DEYISI。ZAI《ZHOUYI》《SHANGSHU》HE《SHIJING》ZHONG,“HE”“TONG”ERZIYIJIAOWEICHANGJIAN。RU《ZHOUYI·QIANGUA·TUAN》YAN:“QIANDAOBIANHUA,GEZHENGXINGMING。BAOHETAIHE,NAILIZHEN。”[1]2《SHANGSHU·YAODIAN》YAN:“JIUZUJIMU,PINGZHANGBAIXING。BAIXINGZHAOMING,XIEHEWANBANG。”[2]2《SHIJING·DAYA·WENWANGYOUSHENG》YUN:“SIFANGYOUTONG,WANGHOUWEIHAN。”[3]188“HE”DEGUANNIANYIJINGCHUXIAN;“TONG”ZIDUOBIAOSHU“GONGTONG”,YEYOU“TONGYI”“QIYI”ZHIYI。“HE”“TONG”ZUOWEILIANGGEDUIYINGDECHANGYONGZHEXUESHUYU,CHUXIANYUXIZHOUWANQIZHICHUNQIUSHIDAI。HE,WEIKEFOUXIANGJI,XIANGFUXIANGCHENG,HUOXIANGFANXIANGCHENG;TONG,WEIDANYIBUER,WUSUOCHAYI。ZHEIYISHIQICHUXIANLEHE、TONGZHIBIANYUHETONGSIXIANG。BAIJIAZHENGMINGGUOCHENGZHONG,RU、DAO、MOZHUJIADUIHE、TONGDUOYOULUNSHU,XINGCHENGHEFAZHANLEXUANTONG、TAIHE、ZHONGHE、HEHE、HETONG、DATONGDENGSIXIANGGUANNIAN。MOJIACHANGDAO“SHANGTONG”,RUJIAZEZHUZHANGSHIXIAN“TIANXIADATONG”DELIXIANGSHEHUI。ZHEIXIESIXIANGDEDAOQINHANYIJIANGLIDAISIXIANGJIA、ZHENGZHIJIADEJICHENGHEFAZHAN,CHENGWEIZHONGHUAYOUXIUCHUANTONGWENHUADEZHONGYAOZUCHENGBUFEN。XIJINPINGZONGSHUJIHAOZHAO:“SHENRUWAJUEHECHANFAZHONGHUAYOUXIUCHUANTONGWENHUAJIANGRENAI、ZHONGMINBEN、SHOUCHENGXIN、CHONGZHENGYI、SHANGHEHE、QIUDATONGDESHIDAIJIAZHI,SHIZHONGHUAYOUXIUCHUANTONGWENHUACHENGWEIHANYANGSHEHUIZHUYIHEXINJIAZHIGUANDEZHONGYAOYUANQUAN。”[4]64YINCI,YANJIUHEHONGYANGZHONGGUOGUDAIDEHETONGSIXIANG,BUJINYOUYIDINGDEXUESHUJIAZHI,YEYOUYIDINGDEXIANSHIYIYI。

                                一、春秋时期的和同之辨与和同思想

                              牛牛游戏厅安卓,{原始关键词}   CHUNQIUSHIQIDESIXIANGJIA、ZHENGZHIJIALUNSHULEHEYUTONGDEQUBIE,CONGZONGTISHANGCHANGDAOHE、TONG,BINGJIANGTAYUNYONGDAOSHEHUISHENGHUO,XINGCHENGLEJIAOWEIWANSHANDEHETONGSIXIANG。

                                (一)和、同之辨

                                HANYOUZHEXUEYIYIDE“HE、TONG”ZHIBIAN,CHUXIANYUXIZHOU、CHUNQIUZHIJI。XIZHOUMOYOUWANGZAIWEISHI,CHAOZHENGRIFEI,ZHUHOUPANER。ZAIZHOUWANGSHIDANRENSITUDEZHENGHUANGONGJIYOUXINBUZIAN,SUIZIXUNYUSHIBO(ZHOUTAISHI):“ZHOUQIBIHU?”SHIBOZUOLEKENDINGHUIDA:

                                今王弃高明昭显,而好谗匿暗昧,恶角犀丰盈,而近顽童穷固。去和而取同。夫和实生物,同则不继。以他平他谓之和,故能丰长而物归之;若以同裨同,尽乃弃矣。故先王以土与金木水火杂,以成百物。是以和五味以调口,刚四支以卫体,和六律以聪耳,正七体以役心,平八索以成人,建九纪以立纯德,合十数以训百体。出千品,具万方,计亿事,材兆物,收经入,行姟极。故王者居九畡之田,收经入以食兆民,周训而能用之,和乐如一。夫如是,和之至也。于是乎先王聘后于异姓,求财于有方,择臣取谏工而讲以多物,务和同也。声一无听,物一无文,味一无果,物一不讲。王将弃是类也而与剸同。天夺之明,欲无弊,得乎?”[5]515-516
                               

                              先秦和同思想及其传承发展探析
                               

                                ZHEIDUANHUAZHONGJIANGWUXINGZUOWEIRENLEICHUANGZHIWUPINDEWUZHONGCAILIAO,RENWEISHIWUCUNZAILIANGGEDUILIMIAN,ZUIZAOJIANG“HE”YU“TONG”LIANXIQILAI。SHIBOYIWEIDAOHELELVWEILI,JIESHIZHEILIANGGEGAINIAN,MINGQUEZHICHULIANGZHEDEQUBIE,JIERTICHUJIAOWEIWANZHENGDEHETONGSIXIANG。SHIBOZAIZHEIDUANHUAZHONGZHICHU,XIANWANGWU“HETONG”,QIJUTIZUOFASHOUXIANSHIJIANKANGSHENXIN,JIHEWUWEIYIDIAOKOU,HELIULVYICONGER;QICISHI“PINHOUYUYIXING,QIUCAIYUYOUFANG,ZECHENQUJIANGONGERJIANGYIDUOWU”;HAIYAOTONGGUOSHENGJUJIAOXUN,SHIBAIXING“HELERUYI”。ERZHOUYOUWANGQUEFANQIDAOERXINGZHI,“QUHEERQUTONG”,SUIDUANYANXIZHOUWANGCHAOBIJIANGSHUAIWANG。SHIBOCHANSHUHEWEI“HE”,HEWEI“TONG”,LIANGZHEDEBUTONGGONGNENG,YIJI“QUHEQUTONG”DEWEIHAI。SHOUXIANJIESHISHENMESHI“HE”,SHUO“YITAPINGTAWEIZHIHE”,JIUSHIYIYIZHONGSHIWUQUPINGQILINGYIZHONGSHIWU。JIEZHESHUO“HE”DEGONGYONG,JI“HESHISHENGWU”,HE“NENGFENGZHANGERWUGUIZHI”;ER“TONG”ZESHITONGYIZHONGSHIWUDEXIANGDIEJIA,ZHISHISHULIANGDEZENGZHANG,BUNENGXIANGJI,BUNENGCHANSHENGXINSHIWU,ZHONGJIUNANYIWEIJI,ERBEIPAOQI。RANHOUYOUJULISHUO“SHENGYIWUTING,WUYIWUWEN,WEIYIWUGUO,WUYIBUJIANG”。WEIZHAOZHU:“HEWEIKEFOUXIANGJI,TONGWEITONGYU。”“HE”KEYIBAOHANSHIWUDEDUOYANGXING,SUOWEI“HEERBUTONG”;TONGSHI“HE”YOUYUNHANZHEFAZHANBIANHUADENEIZAIKENENGYUYINSU,SUOWEI“HESHISHENGWU,TONGZEBUJI”。BUTONGDESHIWUHUXIANGJIEHECAINENGCHANSHENGWANWU,RUGUOSHIWUZHISHANGJIASHANGXIANGTONGDESHIWU,BUJINBUNENGCHANSHENGXINDESHIWU,ERQIEYIQIEJIUHUIBIANDEPINGDANWUQI,MEIYOUSHENGJI。SHIBOJIEHEYINYANGYUANLI,ZHIJIECONG“TIANDAO”JIAODULUNZHENGLE“SHENG”YOU“HE”CHENGDEDAOLI。HOURENCHENGZHIWEI“HESHENGSHUO”。JIRANHENENGSHENGWU,TONGWUSUOCHENG,ZUOWEITONGZHIZHEJIUBUNENG“QUHEERQUTONG”,ERYINGGAI“WUHETONG”。

                                CHUNQIUMOQIQIJINGGONGERSHILIUNIAN(GONGYUANQIAN522NIAN)SHIERYUE,QIJINGGONGYAODAOPEIDIDALIE,YIGONGWEIXINWUZHAOYUREN(ZHANGSHANZEZHIGUAN)PEITONG,YURENYIWEIBUFUHEZHIDUGUIDINGERJUJUEQIANWANG。JIQIJINGGONGDALIEFANHUICHUANTAI,CHENSHULIANGQIUJU(ZIYOU)WEIBEIZHAOJIAN,QUEQIMAJICHILAIDAOXINGZAI。CISHIYINFAQIXIANGYANYINGYUQIJINGGONGDEYIDUANTANHUA,ZAICILUNJI“HE”YU“TONG”DEQUBIE:

                                GONGYUE:“WEI(LIANGQIU)JUYUWOHEFU。”YANZIDUIYUE:“JUYITONGYE,YANDEWEIHE!”GONGYUE:“HEYUTONGYIHU?”DUIYUE:“YI。SHUIHUOXIHAIYANMEIYIPENGYUROU,ZHIYIXIN。ZAIFUHEZHI,QIZHIYIWEI,JIQIBUJI,YIXIEQIGUO。JUNZISHIZHI,YIPINGQIXIN。JUNCHENYIRAN。JUNSUOWEIKEERYOUFOUYAN。CHENXIANQIFOUYICHENGQIKE。JUNSUOWEIFOUERYOUKEYAN。CHENXIANQIKEYIQUQIFOU。SHIYIZHENGPINGERBUGAN,MINWUZHENGXIN。GUSHIYUE:‘YIYOUHEGENG,JIJIEJIPING。ZONGGUWUYAN,SHIMIYOUZHENG。’XIANWANGZHIJIWUWEI,HEWUSHENGYE,YIPINGQIXIN,CHENGQIZHENGYE。SHENGYIRUWEI,YIQI,ERTI,SANLEI,SIWU,WUSHENG,LIULV,QIYIN,BAFENG,JIUGE,YIXIANGCHENGYE。QINGZHUO,XIAODA,DUANZHANG,JIXU,AILE,GANGROU,CHISU,GAOXIA,CHURU,ZHOUSHU,YIXIANGJIYE。JUNZITINGZHI,YIPINGQIXIN。XINPINGDEHE。GUSHIYUE:‘DEYINBUXIA。’JINJUBURAN。JUNSUOWEIKE,JUYIYUEKE。JUNSUOWEIFOU,JUYIYUEFOU。RUOYISHUIJISHUI,SHEINENGSHIZHI?RUOQINSEZHIZHUANYI,SHEINENGTINGZHI?TONGZHIBUKEYERUSHI。”[6]1463-1464

                              牛牛游戏厅安卓,{原始关键词}   YANYINGZHEIDUANHUAYOUMINGQUEZHICHU“HE”YU“TONG”DEQUBIE,TAYIWUWEI、WUSHENGWEILISHUOMINGSHENMESHI“HE”。ZONGZHI,“HE”GENBENZAIYUSHILIANGZHONGDUILIMIANXIANGJI,“TONG”ZESHIDANYIDEDONGXIXIANGDIEJIA。“HE”YOUYIYURENDESHENXIN,“TONG”ZEBUKE。YINCI,“TONG”BUKEQU。YANYINGYOUJIANGHE、TONGTUIGUANGDAOJUNCHENGUANXIFANGMIAN,RENWEIJUNZHUDEYIJIANDANGKENDINGDEKENDING,DANGFOUDINGDEFOUDING,RUGUOBUBIANSHIFEI,SUISHENGFUHE,MANGMUZHUISUI,BIANSHI“TONG”。JUNSHANGBIXUXINPINGDEHE,JUYOUBAORONGWANYOU、BOCAIZHONGZHANGDEXIONGHUAI,CHENSHUYINGJUYOUJUNZIRENGEYUZUGOUDEZHIHUI,NENGSHENSHIDUSHI,TICHUBUTONGYIJIAN,GONGJUNZHUCANKAO、CAINA,ZHEICAISHIZHENZHENGDE“HE”;FANZHI,JUNZHUSHUOKE,DACHENYESHUOKE;JUNZHUSHUOBUKE,DACHENYESHUOBUKE,CHAOTANGSHIJISHANGCHENGWEIYIYANTANG,JUNZHUJUECEDECUOWUDEBUDAOJIUZHENG,ZHEIZHONG“TONG”SHIYAOBUDEDE。JIANGBUTONGYIJIANHEZAIYIQI,DEDAOYIGEXINDETONGYI,ZHEIJIUSHIHE。JUNCHENZHIJIANYINGGAIHEERBUSHITONG。DANSHITAYEZHUZHANG“SHANGXIATONG”。YANYINGYOUTICHANGHEPING。TASHUO:“HANWENJIE,JIEZEXINGZHENGPING。PINGZESHANGXIAHE,HEZENIANGUSHU。NIANCHONGZHONGHEERFAZHI,CHENKONGBAMINBIBING,BUCHENGJUNZHIYI。”[7]NEIPIANZASHANG,DIWUTARENWEIYINYANGERQIHE,FENGDIAOYUSHUN,WUGUFENGDENG,ZEBAIXINGHELE,GUOJIABUKEZHANSHENG。SUOWEIPINGJIUSHIWUGUOWUBUJI,HEJIUSHIZHEZHONGDIAOHE。

                                (二)和同思想

                                CHUNQIUSHIQIDEZHENGZHIJIAHESIXIANGJIABUJINLIQINGLEHE、TONGDEQUBIEHEGEZIDEGONGNENG,ERQIEJIANGHE、TONGSIXIANGYONGYUSHEHUIZHENGZHI、JUNSHI、MINZUGUANXI、SHANGXIAGUANXIDENGDUOGEFANGMIAN,XINGCHENGLEYIXIEXINGUANNIAN。

                              牛牛游戏厅安卓,{原始关键词}   YISHIJIANTINGMOUZHONG,KUANMENGXIANGJI。ZICHANCENGDANRENZHENGGUOZHIZHENG,TAFAYANGMINZHU,JIANG“GUOXIAOERBI,ZUDACHONGDUO”DEZHENGGUOZHILIDEJINGJINGYOUTIAO。ZHENGGUORENYOUYOUXIANGXIAOYILUNZHIZHENGDEXIGUAN,RANMINGDUIZICHANSHUO:“HUIXIANGXIAO,RUHE?”ZICHANSHUO:“HEWEI?FURENCHAOXITUIERYOUYAN。YIYIZHIZHENGZHISHANFOU。QISUOSHANZHE,WUZEXINGZHI。QISUOEZHE,WUZEGAIZHI。SHIWUSHIYE,RUOZHIHEHUIZHI?WOWENZHONGSHANYISUNYUAN,BUWENZUOWEIYIFANGYUAN。QIBUJUZHI,RANYOUFANGCHUAN,DAJUESUOFAN,SHANGRENBIDUO,WUBUKEJIUYE。BURUXIAOJUESHIDAO。BURUWUWENERYAOZHIYE。”[6]1164ZICHANRENWEI,GUORENFABIAOBUTONGYIJIANSHIDUIZHENGSHIDEZHENBIAN,DUITONGZHIZHEERYANSHIZHIBINGDELIANGYAO。TONGZHIZHEZHINENGZHONGSHANYISUNYUAN,ERBUNENGZUOWEIYIFANGYUAN,DUIBUTONGDEZHENGZHIJIANJIEYINGYUYIXUANDAO,SHEHUICAIHUIHEXIEANDING。KONGZIDUIZICHANCIJUYUYICHONGFENKENDING,CHENGZICHANWEI“REN”REN,YOUSHUO:“TIANXIAYOUDAO,ZESHURENYI。”[8]250

                                ZICHANWEIZHENGMOUHUAYUZHONG,ZENENGERSHI,ZAITONGZHIJITUANNEIBUFAYANGMINZHU,SHINEIBUGUANXIHEXIEXIEDIAO,XINGCHENGHELI,KANCHENG“HE”DEDIANFAN。ZICHANZAIMILIUZHIJIDUIZIDASHUSHUO:“WOSI,ZIBIWEIZHENG。WEIYOUDEZHENENGYIKUANFUMIN,QICIMORUMENG。FUHUOLIE,MINWANGERWEIZHI,GUXIANSIYAN。SHUINUORUO,MINXIAERWANZHI,ZEDUOSIYAN。GUKUANNAN。”[6]1467ZICHANRENWEI:WEIZHENGYOUKUAN、MENGZHIFEN,XINGMENGZHENGYI,XINGKUANZHENGNAN。YOUDEZHEFANGNENGYIKUANFUMIN,QICISHIMENG。ZHEIYI“KUANMENGXIANGJI”DEZHENGZHIGUANNIANJISHILIZHICHUANTONGDEZUIGAOLIXIANG,YESHICONGLISHISHIJIANZHONGCHOUXIANGCHULAIDEPUBIANGUILV。ZAIZHENGZHISHIJIANZHONGRUHECHULIDEYUXING、KUANYUMENGDEGUANXI,ZICHANZAILILUNSHANGQIANGDIAOYIZIRANWEIFA,ZAISHIJIANSHANGZHUZHANGYIMINWEIBEN。KONGZIDUIZICHANYUYIGAODUPINGJIA,ZHICHU:ZHENGKUANZEMINMAN,MANZEJIUZHIYIMENG,ZHENGMENGZEMINCAN,CANZESHIZHIYIKUAN。ZHIYOUKUAN、MENGXIANGJI,YIQIUZHONGYUN,ZHENGZHICAINENGPINGHE。ZHEIJIUSHI“ZHONGHE”ZHIDAO,JIZHONGZHENGPINGHEZHIDAO。“ZHONGHE”DEZUIGAOJINGJIESHITIANRENHEYI。ZAOZAIZHOUDINGWANGBANIAN(GONGYUANQIAN599NIAN),LIUKANGGONGCENGDUIZHOUWANGSHUO:“KUANSUOYIBAOBENYE,SUSUOYIJISHIYE,XUANSUOYIJIAOSHIYE,HUISUOYIHEMINYE。”[5]76ZHUZHANGTONGZHIZHEKUANSUXUANHUI。

                                ERSHISHANGXIAHETONG,ZHANZENENGSHENG。CHUNQIUSHIRENRENWEI,ZAIJUNSHISHANGYEXUYAOHETONG,ERNEIBUHETONGSHIZHANZHENGSHENGLIDEZHONGYAOYINSU。CHUGONGWANGSHILIUNIAN(GONGYUANQIAN575NIAN),JINGUOCHUBINGFAZHENG,CHUGONGWANGQINZILVJUNJIUZHENG。CHUJUNJINGGUOSHENDI,SIMAZIFANXIANGNIANLAOZHISHIDESHENSHUSHIZIXUNCIZHANDEQIANJING:

                                YUE:“SHIQIHERU?”DUIYUE:“DE、XING、XIANG、YI、LI、XIN,ZHANZHIQIYE。DEYISHIHUI,XINGYIZHENGXIE,XIANGYISHISHEN,YIYIJIANLI,LIYISHUNSHI,XINYISHOUWU。MINSHENGHOUERDEZHENG,YONGLIERSHIJIE,SHISHUNERWUCHENG。SHANGXIAHEMU,ZHOUXUANBUNI,QIUWUBUJU,GEZHIQIJI。GUSHIYUE:‘LIWOZHENGMIN,MOFEIERJI。’SHIYISHENJIANGZHIFU,SHIWUZAIHAI,MINSHENGDUNPANG,HETONGYITING,MOBUJINLIYICONGSHANGMING,ZHISIYIBUQIQUE。CIZHANZHISUOYOUKEYE。”[6]747-748

                                SHENSHUSHIYIWEI,ZHANZHENGDESHENGLIYIKAODESHIDE、XING、XIANG、YI、LI、XIN。CHUTIANSHI、DILIWAI,GENGXUYAO“RENHE”,JI“SHANGXIAHEMU”。JUTIERYAN,JIUSHI“MINSHENGDUNPANG,HETONGYITING,MOBUJINLIYICONGSHANGMING,ZHISIYIBUQIQUE”。GUOJIANEIBUSHANGXIAHETONG,MINZHONGYUANYIJINLIXIAOSI,CAINENGZHANWUBUKE。ERCHUGUODANGSHIBINGBUJUBEIZHEIXIETIAOJIAN,BIBAI。HOULAIDEZHANSHIFAZHANZHENGSHILESHENSHUSHIDEYUYAN。

                              牛牛游戏厅安卓,{原始关键词}   SANSHIHEMUBANGGUO,YIZHIRONGDI。DONGZHOUWANGSHIZHONGSHIQINHEBANGGUO,CHAOTING“NAILICHUNGUANZONGBO,SHISHUAIQISHU,ERZHANGBANGLI,YIZUOWANGHEBANGGUO”[9]259。ZHUGUOZAICHULIYUYIZUZHENGQUANZHIJIANDEGUANXISHI,YEZHUZHANGHERONGDI,YIQIUHULI。CHUNQIUSHIQI,LIGUOHEDONG(JINSHANXINANBU)DEJINGUOCHUYURONGDIDEBAOWEIZHIZHONG,RUHECHULIMINZUGUANXI,CHENGWEIJINGUODEYIGEZHONGYAOKETI。JINDAOGONGSINIAN(GONGYUANQIAN569NIAN),SHANRONGWUZHONGDEJUNZHUJIAFUPAISHICHENMENGLEQIANWANGJINGUO,TONGGUOQIDAFUWEIJIANGXIANGDAOGONGXIANHUBAOZHIPI,QINGQIUJINGUOYUZHURONGHEHAO。JINDAOGONGYUE:“RONGDIWUQINERTAN,BURUFAZHI。”WEIJIANGZONGJIELISHIJINGYAN,YANBUKEZAIQIZHANDUAN:

                              牛牛游戏厅安卓,{原始关键词}   (DAO)GONGYUE“RANZEMORUHERONGHU?”(WEIJIANG)DUIYUE:“HERONGYOUWULIYAN:RONGDIJIANJU,GUIHUOYITU,TUKEJIAYAN,YIYE。BIANBIBUSONG,MINXIAQIYE,SERENCHENGGONG,ERYE。RONGDISHIJIN,SILINZHENDONG,ZHUHOUWEIHUAI,SANYE。YIDESUIRONG,SHITUBUQIN,JIABINGBUDUN,SIYE。JIANYUHOUYI,ERYONGDEDU,YUANZHIERAN,WUYE。JUNQITUZHI!”GONGYUE,SHIWEIJIANGMENGZHURONG,XIUMINSHI,TIANYISHI。[6]818

                                JINDAOGONGCAINAWEIJIANGDEJIANYI,WAIHERONGDI,NEIXIUMINSHI,ZHONGSHIJINGUOFUBAZHUHOU。

                              牛牛游戏厅安卓,{原始关键词}   SISHIRENJIGUANXI,HEMUTONGXIN。ZHOUDAIGUANZHIGUIDING:“LITAISHI、TAIFU、TAIBAO,ZIWEISANGONG,LUNDAOJINGBANG,XIELIYINYANG。”“ZONGBOZHANGBANGLI,ZHISHENREN,HESHANGXIA。”[2]199,120CHAOTINGLISANGONG,QIZHIZESHIZHILIGUOZHENG,SHIZIRANHUANJINGXIEHE。ZONGBOZHIZHI,JIUSHIYAOSHANGXIAHETONG。TONGZHIZHEYEYAOHEGUOMIN。《SHANGSHU》ZHONGSHUO:“SIWANGWEIDEYONG,HEYIXIANHOUMIMIN。”[2]157KONGZISHUO:“QIUYEWENYOUGUOYOUJIAZHE,BUHUANGUAERHUANBUJUN,BUHUANPINERHUANBUAN。GAIJUNWUPIN,HEWUGUA,ANWUQING。”[8]248XINGWEIDEHETONGJIUSHIBICIHEXIE,XIANGHUXIEHE。ZONGZHI,ZHIYAOSHANGXIAHETONG,ZUODAO“JUTONGLE,XINGTONGHE,SITONGAI”[5]232,JIUBUHUANGUOXIAOMINSHAO。

                              牛牛游戏厅安卓,{原始关键词}   WUSHILIYIHEGUI,YILIJIEHE。HETONGYEYONGYULIYI。ZHOUDINGWANGZHAOSHIJI,YUE:“FUWUZHAOYONG,CAISHIXIANMING,WENZHANGBIXIANG,ZHOUXUANXUSHUN,RONGMAOYOUCHONG,WEIYIYOUZE,WUWEISHIQI,WUSEJINGXIN,WUSHENGZHAODE,WUYIJIYI,YINSHIKEXIANG,HETONGKEGUAN,CAIYONGKEJIA,ZESHUNERDEJIAN。”YIHETONGWEICHULIGEZHONGGUANXIDEZHUNZE。WEIZHAOZHU“HETONG”YUE:“YIKEQUFOUYUEHE,YIXINBUERYUETONG。HETONGZHIDAOXING,ERDEYIKEGUANYE。”[5]65,66KONGZIDIZIYOURUOCENGSHUO:“LIZHIYONG,HEWEIGUI。XIANWANGZHIDAOSIWEIMEI。XIAODAYOUZHI。YOUSUOBUXING,ZHIHEERHE,BUYILIJIEZHI,YIBUXINGYE。”[8]12LIDEZUOYONGYINGGAIZAIMAODUNDIAOHEZHONGBIAOXIANCHULAI。GUANGSHIDIAOHEBUXING,HAIYAOYONGLIDUIYUDIAOHEJIAYIJIEZHI。

                                LIUSHIHEWEIMEIDE,HEERBUTONG。CHUNQIUSHIRENRENWEI,JUNZIYINGGAIJUBEIZHI、REN、SHENG、YI、ZHONG、HE“LIUDE”。《ZHOULI》YUE:“YIXIANGSANWUJIAOWANMIN,ERBINXINGZHI。YIYUELIUDE:ZHI、REN、SHENG、YI、ZHONG、HE。ERYUELIUXING:XIAO、YOU、MU、YIN、REN、XU。”[9]156JIANG“HE”“MU”ZUOWEIBUKEHUOQUEDEMEIDESHANXING。HUIBOYUE:“WUCHANGXUECIYI,ZHONGXINZHISHIZEKE,BURANBIBAI。WAIQIANGNEIWEN,ZHONGYE。HEYILVZHEN,XINYE。……WAINEICHANGHEWEIZHONG。LVSHIYIXINWEIGONG,GONGYANGSANDEWEISHAN。”[6]1352“HE”ZUOWEIYIZHONGMEIDEYU“ZHONG”MIQIEXIANGGUAN,DUINEIDUIWAIDOUYAO“HE”。ZHICHUNQIUMOQI,KONGZIYOUZAIJUNZIYUXIAORENDEDEXINGCHAYIFANGMIANTANJIHEYUTONG,SHUO:“JUNZIHEERBUTONG,XIAORENTONGERBUHE。”KONGZIZHUZHANG“HEERBUTONG”,JI“QUNERBUDANG”,YOUYAO“HEERBULIU”。JIESHICHU“HE”DEBENZHIZAIYUTONGYIHEXIEDIAOTINEIDUOZHONGYINSUDECHAYI,ER“TONG”ZEYIWEIZHESHIWUDEJIANDANZHONGFUXIANGJIA,HUOZHEWUYUANZEDEFUHEYUTONGYI,QUEFABUTONGZHUTIZHIJIANDEJIAOGANGONGSHI。KONGZI“HE”DEGUANNIANYIWEIZHEZHUTIZAIMIANDUICHAYIYUCHONGTUSHIDEYIZHONGLIXINGERZIJUEDEXUANZE,“HE”SHIZAIZHUTILIXINGJUEZEDEQIANTIXIADAZHIDEYIZHONGFUHEMUDEDELIXIANGZHUANGTAI。

                                二、战国时期的和同思想

                              牛牛游戏厅安卓,{原始关键词}   ZHANGUOSHIQICHUXIANBAIJIAZHENGMINGDEJUMIAN,YOUYUGEJIAYIJUDEXUESHUYUANDIANDOUSHI《ZHOUYI》《SHANGSHU》《SHIJING》YIJI《ZUOCHUAN》《YILI》DENGSHU,QISIXIANGSHIDUICHUNQIUSHIQIZHENGZHIJIA、SIXIANGJIAXUESHUDEYANXUYUFAZHAN,YINERYEYOUXUDUOXIANGTONGZHICHU。ZHANGUOSHIQIRUJIA、DAOJIA、MOJIAYIJIZAJIADUIHE、TONGSIXIANGDUOYOUCHANSHU,WEIYOUFAJIAHANYOULUNJI,GEJIADELUNSHUDUODAIYOUZIJIXUEPAIDETEDIAN。

                                YISHIDAOJIADE“HEGUANGTONGCHEN”。LAOZIDUIHE、TONGDELUNSHU,SHEJIZIRAN、JIAZULUNLI、CHUSHITAIDUDENGFANGMIAN。《LAOZI》LUNSHUWANWUSHENGCHENGSHISHUO:“WANWUFUYINERBAOYANG,CHONGQIYIWEIHE。”[10]175RENWEISHIWUCUNZAIZHEQIDUILIMIAN,RU:“YINSHENGXIANGHE,QIANHOUXIANGSUI。”[10]10YI“HE”WEIFAYUZIRANYUZIRANZHISHENGDEBIAOZHENG。LUNJIJIATINGLUNLIGUANXI,SHUO:“LIUQINBUHE,YOUXIAOCI。”[10]72YANYINGER“ZHONGRIHAOERBUA,HEZHIZHI。ZHIHEYUECHANG,ZHICHANGYUEMING,YISHENGYUEXIANG,XINSHIQIYUEQIANG”[10]222,224。LAOZIJIQIANGDIAO“ZHIHEYUECHANG”,YOUQIANGDIAO“YIZHONGWEICHANG”。《LAOZI》DIWUSHILIUZHANGYAN:“SAIQIDUI,BIQIMEN,CUOQIRUI,JIEQIFEN,HEQIGUANG,TONGQICHEN,SHIWEIXUANTONG。”[10]228“HE”JI“PING”,YOUYANYIZHIYI;“TONG”WEIQIDENGERYUZHIBUYI。“HEGUANGTONGCHEN”SHISHUOJINGSHOUCHENZHEBUGUANG,FANGUANGZHEZHONGBIAN,GUXIANZIYANQIGUANGYITONGHUBIZHICHEN。BUYUQIGUANG,ZEYEZHONGWUANZHISHI。JIANG“HE”YU“TONG”LIANXIQILAI,BINGSHIYONGLE“XUANTONG”ZHEIYIGAINIAN。SUOWEIXUANTONG,JIUSHIHUNTONGWEIYI。《LAOZI》DIERSHISANZHANGYAN:“GUCONGSHIERDAOZHE,DAODEZHI;TONGYUDEZHE,DEDEZHI;TONGYUSHIZHE,DAOSHIZHI。”[10]95YISISHISHUO,CONGSHIYUDAOZHETONGYUDAO,CONGSHIYUDEZHETONGYUDE,CONGSHIYUSHIZHETONGYUSHI。

                                ER《ZHUANGZI》ZHONGSHIYONGLE“TAIHE”“TIANHE”“HELI”YU“DATONG”“XUANTONG”DENGGAINIAN。《QIWULUN》ZHONGYOU:“LINGFENGZEXIAOHE,PIAOFENGZEDAHE。”[11]46ZHUANGZIYOULUNJISHIFEIWENTI,SHUO:“SHIYISHENGRENHEZHIYISHIFEIERXIUHUTIANJUN,SHIWEIZHILIANGXING。”[11]70SHENGRENSUIRANYEGENWAIJIESHIWUXIANGJIECHU,DANSHIQINEIXINZONGSHIPINGJINGDE,ZHEIJIUSHI“LIANGXING”。《DECHONGFU》YAN:“WEICHANGYOUWENQICHANGZHEYE,CHANGHERENERYIYI。”LUAIGONGWENKONGZIAITAHEREN,KONGZIYI“CAIQUANERDEBUXING”HUIDA。LUAIGONGYOUWENSHENMESHI“CAIQUAN”,KONGZISHUO:“GUBUZUYIHUAHE,BUKERUYULINGFU。SHIZHIHEYU,TONGERBUSHIYUDUI。”“DEZHE,CHENGHEZHIXIUYE。”[11]206,212,214ZHUANGZIJIAKONGZIZHIKOU,YIWEIRENGOUZHIXINGMINGZHIGUDANG,ZESUISHENGSIQIONGDA,QIANBIANWANHUA,DANRANZIRUOERHELIZAISHENYI。CHENGYUSHUSHIHEYUWANWUZHE,FEISHENGDEZHIRENBUNENGZUODAO。YINERSHIRENXUXIANXIUSHENLIXING,RANHOUFANGNENGCHENGSHIHEWU。ZAI《RENJIANSHI》PIAN,ZHUANGZIJIEQUBOYUZHIKOUYAN:“XINGMORUOJIU,XINMORUOHE。SUIRAN,ZHIERZHEYOUHUAN。JIUBUYURU,HEBUYUCHU。XINGJIUERRU,QIEWEIDIANWEIMIE,WEIBENGWEIJUE。XINHEERCHU,QIEWEISHENGWEIMING,WEIYAOWEINIE。”[11]165SHIRENSHENXINGCONGJIU,BUGUAIJUNCHENZHILI,XINZHIHESHUN,JIHUNERSHIJIZHI。DANZHEIYANGZUORENGCUNZAIHUANLEI。YINJIUZHEXINGSHUN,RUZHESUIYUTONG。XINZHIHESHUN,FANGBIANJIEYIN,TUIGONGCHUJUN,BUXIANJINENG,SIBUCHUYE。RUOSUIYUTONG,ZESHIDIANWEIERBUFUCHI,YUBIJUWANGYI。JIUSHISHUO,SHIRENRUSHICHENGWEICHENSHU,ZEHUISHIQUZIWO,HAISHIYICHUSHI、DUNYINSHANLINWEIHAO。ZHUANGZIYILUNJITONG、XUANTONG、DATONG。《QIWULUN》YAN:“NIEQUEWENYUWANGNIYUE:‘ZIZHIWUZHISUOTONGSHIHU?’”[11]91《QUQIE》YIYAN:“XUECENG、SHIZHIXING,QIANYANG、MOZHIKOU,RANGQIRENYI,ERTIANXIAZHIDESHIXUANTONGYI。”[11]353XUANTONGJIHUNTONGWEIYI。《ZAIYOU》YAN:“DUOERXINGTI,TUERCONGMING,LUNYUWUWANG;DATONGHUXINGMING,JIEXINSHISHEN,MORANWUHUN。”[11]390ZHUANGZIZHUZHANGJUESHENGQUZHI,QISHIFEI,FANYINGTAZAIRENSHISHANGDEXIANGDUIZHUYIYUBUKEZHILUN。WANCHUDE《LIEZI》YISHUYESHUO:“HEZHEDATONGYUWU,WUWUDESHANGGEHEZHE,YOUJINSHI,DAOSHUIHUO,JIEKEYE。”[12]57DAOJIASUOWEIDATONG,ZHIRENYUWUHUNRANYITI。

                              牛牛游戏厅安卓,{原始关键词}   ERSHIMOJIADE“SHANGTONG”ZHUZHANG。MOZIZAIZHUZHANG“SHANGXIAN”DETONGSHI,YEZHUZHANG“SHANGTONG”。《MOZI》ZHONGYOU《SHANGTONG》SANPIAN,DUI“SHANGTONG”SIXIANGYOUJIAOCHONGFENDELUNSHU。TASHUO:“GUGUZHESHENGRENZHISUOYIJISHICHENGGONG,CHUIMINGYUHOUSHIZHE,WUTAGUYIWUYAN,YUE:WEINENGYISHANGTONGWEIZHENGZHEYE。”“GUZHEGUOJUNZHUHOUZHIWENJIANSHANYUBUSHANYE,JIECHIQUYIGAOTIANZI,SHIYISHANGDANGXIAN,FADANGBAO,BUSHABUGU,BUSHIYOUZUI,ZECISHANGTONGZHIGONGYE。”[13]88,89MOZICHANGDAOSHANGTONGDESHEHUIBEIJING,SHIRENMENJIEZIYIWEISHIER“JIAOXIANGFEI”,BUNENGHEHE,ERDAOZHITIANXIADALUAN。MOZIYEZHUZHANGRENJIGUANXIDEHEHE。SUOWEI“HEHE”,JIUSHIHEMUTONGXIN。

                              牛牛游戏厅安卓,{原始关键词}   SHEHUISHANGCHENGQIANSHANGWANDEREN“JIESHIQIYIERFEIRENZHIYI,SHIYIHOUZHEYOUDOUERBOZHEYOUZHENG。SHIGUTIANXIAZHIYUTONGYITIANXIAZHIYIYE”[13]91。MOZIYOUJIANGSHUYIBUTONGDEWEIHAISHIWEIRENSHANGERBUNENGZHIQIXIA,WEIRENXIAERBUNENGSHIQISHANG,QIESHANGXIAXIANGZEI。“GUJISHANGZHISHANGYU,BUZUYUQUANSHAN,JIQIHUIFA,BUZUYIJUBAO。CIHEGUYIRAN?ZEYIBUTONGYE。”[13]92RUGUOXIANGZHANGNENGYITONGXIANGZHIYI,ZEXIANGZHI;GUOJUNNENGYITONGGUOZHIYI,ZEGUOZHI;TIANZINENGYITONGTIANXIAZHIYI,ZETIANXIAZHI。RUGUO“TIANXIAZHIBAIXINGJIESHANGTONGYUTIANZI”,ERTIANZI“BUSHANGTONGYUTIAN”,TIANJIUYAOJIANGXIA“PIAOFENGKUYU”ZUOWEICHENGFA。YINCIYAOXIANGCHUQUZAIHAI,BIXU“SHANGTONGYUTIAN”。GEJIZHENGZHANGJIANLIZHIHOU,RENMINBIXUYIZHENGZHANGDESHIFEIWEISHIFEI,“SHANGZHISUOSHIBIJIESHIZHI,SUOFEIBIJIEFEIZHI”;“SHANGTONGERBUXIABI”[13]75。JITONGYISHIFEIBIAOZHUN,SHIDAJIADOUNENG“SHANGTONGQISHANG”,SHANGBIXUMINGYUSHANGFA,ZUODAOSHANGSHANFABAO。ZHEIYANG,GUOJIACAINENGZHILIHAO。ZONGZHI,MOZIRENWEIJIA、GUO、TIANXIAZHISUOYIZHILI,QIYUANYINDOUSHI“NENGYISHANGTONGYIYIWEIZHENG”。“RANERSHITIANXIAZHIWEIKOULUANDAOZEIZHE,ZHOULIUTIANXIAWUSUOZHONGZUZHE,HEYE?QIYISHANGTONGWEIZHENGSHANYE。”[13]97YINCI,MOZIRENWEI:“SHANGTONGWEIZHENGZHIBEN,ERZHIZHIYAOYE。”“JINTIANXIAWANGGONGDARENSHIJUNZI,ZHONGQINGJIANGYUWEIRENYI,SHANGYUZHONGSHENGWANGZHIDAO,XIAYUZHONGGUOJIABAIXINGZHILI,GUDANGSHANGTONGZHISHUOERBUKEBUCHA。”[13]98

                              牛牛游戏厅安卓,{原始关键词}   SANSHIRUJIALUN“HE”。ZHANGUORUJIALUNHETONG,YI《XUNZI》WEIDUO,《LIJI》DEJIZAIYEHENFENGFU,RUJIADEDAIBIAORENWUMENGZIGUANYUHE、TONGDELUNSHUZHUYAOSHIZHENGZHIFANGMIAN。DANGQIWANGXIANGTATANZIJIXIHUANYINLESHI,TASHUOAIHAOYINLESHIHAOSHI,DANSHIYAO“YUMINTONGLE”。“JINWANGYUBAIXINGTONGLE,ZEWANGYI。”[14]27TAYOULUNJIZHANZHENGSHENGFUDEJUEDINGXINGYINSU,SHUO:“TIANSHIBURUDILI,DILIBURURENHE。”“DEDAOZHEDUOZHU,SHIDAOZHEGUAZHU。”[14]86ZAITIANSHI、DILI、RENHESANZHEZHIJIAN,QIANGDIAORENHEDEZHONGYAOXING。MENGZIZAIGUOJIAZHENGZHISHANGYEZHUZHANGTONGYI。TAHUIDALIANGHUIWANG“TIANXIAEHUDING?”DEWENTI,SHUO“DINGYUYI”,JIZHUZHANGTIANXIAGUIYUYITONG[14]12。

                                ZHANGUOMOQIXUNZIDUIZHUZIBAIJIASIXIANGZUOLEZONGJIE。ZAIZIRANGUANFANGMIAN,XUNZICHI“TIANSHENGRENCHENG”SHUO,《LILUN》PIANYAN:“TIANDIHEERWANWUSHENG,YINYANGJIEERBIANHUAQI。”[15]267ZHONGSHEN“HESHISHENGWU”ZHISHUO,RENWEIWANWUGEDEQIHEYISHENG,GEDEQIYANGYICHENG。ZAISHEHUIZHENGZHIFANGMIAN,XUNZIGENGDUODITANDAO“HE”:DIYI,CONGFAZHANJINGJIJIAODU,TANTIANSHI、DILIYURENHEDEGUANXI,SHUO:“WANWUSHIYI,SHIBIANSHIYING,SHANGSHITIANSHI,XIASHIDILI,ZHONGSHIRENHE,TIANXIAAORAN,RUOSHAORUOJIAO;MOZISUIWEIZHIYIHEDAISU,CHUOSHUYINSHUI,ENENGZUZHIHU!”FANZHI,“SHANGDETIANSHI,XIADEDILI,ZHONGDERENHE,ZECAIHUOHUNHUNRUQUANYUAN”。[15]127“BAIXINGSHIHE,SHIYEDEXUZHE,HUOZHIYUANYE。”“SHIHE”,DETIANZHIHEQI,ZESUIFENG。SHIYEDEXU,JIGENGJIADEQICIXU,JUNSHANGBUDUONONGSHI。“MINGZHUBIJINYANGQIHE”[15]133。DIER,CONGZHENGZHIJIAODU,TANFEN、YIYUHEDEGUANXI:“RENHEYINENGQUN?YUE:FEN。FENHEYINENGXING?YUE:YI。GUYIYIFENZEHE,HEZEYI,YIZEDUOLI,DUOLIZEQIANG,QIANGZESHENGWU。”[15]109JIUSHISHUO,RENZAIZIRANJIE,JIUTILIERYAN,BUNENGHEMENGSHOUJINGZHENG,BIXUZUZHIQILAI,CAINENGZAISHENGCUNJINGZHENGZHONGHUODESHENGLI,YINERSHEHUIYINGDANGHEXIETONGYI。DISAN,CONGZHANZHENGJIAODU,TANBAIXINGHESHIZHANZHENGSHENGLIDEJIBENTIAOJIANZHIYI:“XINGZHENGPING,BAIXINGHE,GUOSUJIE,ZEBINGJINGCHENGGU,DIGUOANZIQUYI。”[15]115DISI,CONGYINLEJIAODUTANHE:“GULEZHE,SHENYIYIDINGHEZHEYE,BIWUYISHIJIEZHEYE,HEZOUYICHENGWENZHEYE;ZUYILVYIDAO,ZUYIZHIWANBIAN。”“GULEZHE,TIANXIAZHIDAQIYE;ZHONGHEZHIJIYE。”“QIELEYEZHE,HEZHIBUKEBIANZHEYE;LIYEZHE,LIZHIBUKEYIZHEYE。LEHETONG,LIBIEYI;LILEZHITONG,GUANHURENXINYI。”[15]278,279,281LEYULIDEGONGNENGBUTONG,LEKEHETONG,LIZEBIEYI,LIANGZHEGUANHURENXINJIAOHUA。DIWU,CONGPINXINGXIUYANGJIAODUTANHESHUNYUDIAOHE:“YISHANXIANRENZHEWEIZHIJIAO。YISHANHERENZHEWEIZHISHUN。”“ZHIQIYANGXINZHISHU:XUEQIGANGQIANG,ZEROUZHIYIDIAOHE”[15]16。

                                《LIJI》DUIZHANGUOSHIQIHETONGSIXIANGDUOYOUSHUJI,DIYI,GUANYULE、LIZHIHE。《LEJI》PIANSHUO:“TIANXIADADING,RANHOUZHENGLIULV,HEWUSHENG,XIANGESHISONG,CIZHIWEIDEYIN,DEYINZHIWEILE。”[16]658-659“ZIXIADUIYUE……SHIYUN‘SUYONGHEMING,XIANZUSHITING’。FUSU,SUJINGYE,YONG,YONGHEYE。FUJINGYIHE,HESHIBUXING?”[16]660“LEZAIZONGMIAOZHIZHONG,JUNCHENSHANGXIATONGTINGZHI,ZEMOBUHEJING;ZAIZUZHANGXIANGLIZHIZHONG,ZHANGYOUTONGTINGZHI,ZEMOBUHESHUN;ZAIGUIMENZHINEI,FUZIXIONGDITONGTINGZHI,ZEMOBUHEQIN。GULEZHE,SHENYIYIDINGHE,BIWUYISHIJIE,JIEZOUHEYICHENGWEN,SUOYIHEHEFUZI、JUNCHEN,FUQINWANMINYE。”[16]672-673ZHICHUYINLEZAIBAOCHIRENJIGUANXIDEHEXIEZHONGYOUZHONGYAOZUOYONG,TONGGUOYINLEJIAOYUKEYISHIXIANJUNCHENHEJING、FUZIHEQIN、WANMINQINFUDESHEHUIMUBIAO。《LEJI》YOUJIANGLEYULIFANGZAIYIQI,TANLEZHIHE、LIZHIJIEYUCIXUGONGNENG。RU:“LEZHE,TIANDIZHIHEYE;LIZHE,TIANDIZHIXUYE。HE,GUBAIWUJIEHUA;XU,GUQUNWUJIEBIE。”“DALEYUTIANDITONGHE,DALIYUTIANDITONGJIE。HEGUBAIWUBUSHI(QIXING),JIEGUJITIANSIDI。”[16]637,636“LI,JIAODONGHUSHANG;LE,JIAOYINGHUXIA:HEZHIZHIYE。”[16]408LEYULIJIAOXIANGHUYING,JIUSHIZUIDADE“HE”。DIER,JIAZULUNLIDEHE,YECHENGNEIHE。“JUNCHENZHENG,FUZIQIN,ZHANGYOUHE,ERHOULIYILI。”[16]1047“FUSHUNZHE,SHUNYUJIUGU,HEYUSHIREN,ERHOUDANGYUFU……SHIGUFUSHUNBEI,ERHOUNEIHELI;NEIHELI,ERHOUJIAKEZHANGJIUYE。GUSHENGWANGZHONGZHI。”QIANGDIAOFUZI、ZHANGYOUDEQINHEYUFUSHUNSHIJIAZUXINGSHENGDEJIBENTIAOJIAN,YEJIUSHI“JIAHEWANSHIXING”。“GUZHETIANZI,HOULILIUGONG……YITINGTIANXIAZHINEIZHI,YIMINGZHANGFUSHUN,GUTIANXIANEIHEERJIALI。”[16]1057,1059CONGJIATINGNEIHEKUOZHANDAOSHEHUIGUOJIADEHEXIE。“SHANGQUXIANGYUTIAN,XIAQUFAYUDI,ZHONGQUZEYUREN,RENZHISUOYIQUNJUHEYIZHILI,JINYI。”[16]1006DISAN,JUNCHENSHANGXIAGUANXIDEHE,YECHENGWAIHE。“SHANGBIMINGZHENGDAOYIDAOMIN,MINDAOZHIERYOUGONG,RANHOUQUQISHIYI,GUSHANGYONGZUERXIABUKUIYE,SHIYISHANGXIAHEQINERBUXIANGYUANYE。HENING,LIZHIYONGYE,CIJUNCHENSHANGXIAZHIDAYIYE。”[16]1088“FAHAOCHULINGERMINYUEWEIZHIHE,SHANGXIAXIANGQINWEIZHIREN,MINBUQIUQISUOYUERDEZHIWEIZHIXIN,CHUQUTIANXIAZHIHAIWEIZHIYI。YIYUXIN,HEYUREN,BAWANGZHIQIYE。YOUZHIMINZHIYI,ERWUQIQIZEBUCHENG。”[16]851-852HEYUREN、YI、XINDOUSHIZHIGUODEFABAO。DISI,RENDEXINGQINGDE“ZHONGHE”。《ZHONGYONG》PIANSHUO:“XINUAILEZHIWEIFAWEIZHIZHONG,FAERJIEZHONGJIEWEIZHIHE。ZHONGYEZHE,TIANXIAZHIDABENYE;HEYEZHE,TIANXIAZHIDADAOYE。ZHIZHONGHE,TIANDIWEIYAN,WANWUYUYAN。”[16]899XINUAILEJIEWEIRENDEQINGGANHUODONG,QIWEIFASHIXINTILIUXINGJIRANBUDONGZHICHU,JITIANMINGZHIXINGDEBENRANZHUANGTAI,WUGUOWUBUJI,BUPIANBUYI,GUWEIZHIZHONG。YIFADONGDEXINUAILE,ZETIXIANWEIRENDEGANXINGHUODONG,TASHIXINTIDELIUXINGFAYONG,GANXINGDEXINUAILEFAERHEHUZHONG,BIANWEIZHIHE。HEYUZHONGBUJINZHIFUHENEIZAIDETIANLILIANGXIN,HAIXUFUHEWAIZAIDELIJIEGUIFAN。RUJIASIXIANGDE“ZHONG”YU“HE”XIANGLIAN,“ZHONGHE”CHENGWEIYIZHONGZHONGYAODECHUSHIYUANZE。

                              牛牛游戏厅安卓,{原始关键词}   SISHIRUJIADE“DATONG”LIXIANG。《LIJI·LIYUN》PIANKENENGZUOYUYINYANGWUXINGSIXIANGSHENGXINGDEZHANGUOWANQI,ZHONGDIANTANLIDEFAZHANYANBIANHEYUNYONG。QUANPIANJIATUOKONGZIZHIKOU,TICHUZHONGGUOLISHISHANGZHEMINGDEYOUGUAN“DATONG”SHEHUIDELIXIANG,JINERSHUOMINGLIZHISHI“DADAOJIYIN”ZHIHOUDE“XIAOKANG”SHEHUIDECHANWU:

                              牛牛游戏厅安卓,{原始关键词}   DADAOZHIXINGYE,TIANXIAWEIGONG,XUANXIANYUNENG,JIANGXINXIUMU。GURENBUDUQINQIQIN,BUDUZIQIZI,SHILAOYOUSUOZHONG,ZHUANGYOUSUOYONG,YOUYOUSUOZHANG,JINGUAGUDUFEIJIZHE,JIEYOUSUOYANG;NANYOUFEN,NVYOUGUI;HUOEQIQIYUDIYE,BUBIZANGYUJI;LIEQIBUCHUYUSHENYE,BUBIWEIJI。SHIGUMOUBIERBUXING,DAOQIELUANZEI

                              牛牛游戏厅安卓,{原始关键词}   ERBUZUO,GUHUWAIERBUBI,SHIWEIDATONG。[16]362-363YUWUDISHIDAIDEDATONGSHEHUIXIANGDUIYING,XIASHANGZHOUSHIDAIZESHI“XIAOKANGSHEHUI”:

                              牛牛游戏厅安卓,{原始关键词}   JINDADAOJIYIN,TIANXIAWEIJIA,GEQINQIQIN,GEZIQIZI,HUOLIWEIJI,DARENSHIJIYIWEILI,CHENGGUOGOUCHIYIWEIGU,LIYIYIWEIJI,YIZHENGJUNCHEN,YIDUFUZI,YIMUXIONGDI,YIHEFUFU,YISHEZHIDU,YILITIANLI,YIXIANYONGZHI,YIGONGWEIJI,GUMOUYONGSHIZUO,ERBINGYOUCIQI。YU、TANG、WEN、WU、CHENGWANG、ZHOUGONG,YOUCIQIXUANYE。CILIUJUNZIZHE,WEIYOUBUJINYULIZHEYE,YIZHEQIYI,YIKAOQIXIN,ZHEYOUGUO,XINGRENJIANGRANG,SHIMINYOUCHANG。RUYOUBUYOUCIZHE,ZAIZHIZHEQU,ZHONGYIWEIYANG。SHIWEIXIAOKANG。[16]364

                              牛牛游戏厅安卓,{原始关键词}   XIAOKANGSHEHUISHIYIGEXIANSHIDEJIEJISHEHUI,YAOKAOZHENGQUANLAIWEIHU,KAOLIYIWEICHIQIHEXIE。CIPIANSUOWEIDE“DADAO”,JUZHENGXUANZHUSHIZHIWUDISHIQIZHILITIANXIAZHIDAO,SHIJISHIRUJIAXUEZHETUOWEIWUDISHIDAIERBIAODADEYIZHONGLIXIANGDESHEHUIZHIDU,JIUSHI“TIANXIAWEIGONG”DE“DATONG”SHEHUI。ZHEILIJISHUKONGZILUNLI、YI、REN、SHUN、JIAOYU、YINLEJIQIXIANGHUGUANXI,BINGYIDADAODASHUNWEIZHIGUOXINGZHENGDEZUIGAOJINGJIE,LIDUIYUZHILIRENXINHETIANXIAGUOJIADEZHONGYAOXING,XIANWANGRUHETONGGUOXIULIYIYIDADAOTIANXIADASHUNDEJUMIAN。RUJIARENXUEDELIXIANGJIUSHI“TIANXIADATONG”。DATONGSHEHUIDAIBIAOLEZHONGGUOGUDAILIXIANGHEXIESHEHUIDEZUIGAOJINGJIE。DAOJIAYEMIAOSHULEXIAOGUOGUAMIN、BUCHENGZHOUYU、BUCHENJIABINGDELIXIANGSHEHUI。RENMENZHIQIWENMING,SHOUQISUPO,BUJINSHIYIZHONGLIXIANGSHEHUI,YESHIYIZHONGJINGSHENJINGJIE。

                              牛牛游戏厅安卓,{原始关键词}   WUSHIZAJIADEHETONGGUANNIAN。《LVSHICHUNQIU》ZHONGYELUNJIHEYUTONG,《DALE》TANYINLEDEQIYUANJIQIHESHIDETEXING,SHUO:“FANLE,TIANDIZHIHE,YINYANGZHIDIAOYE。”“XINGTIYOUCHU,MOBUYOUSHENG。SHENGCHUYUHE,HECHUYUSHI。HESHIXIANWANGDINGLE,YOUCIERSHENG。”[17]256,255《YINGTONG》PIANYAN:“LEIGU(TONG)XIANGZHAO,QITONGZEHE,SHENGBIZEYING。”“WUZHICONGTONG,BUKEWEIJI。ZIBUZHEHUQIN,CHENBUZHEHUJUN。JUNTONGZELAI,YIZEQU。GUJUNSUIZUN,YIBAIWEIHEI,CHENBUNENGTING;FUSUIQIN,YIHEIWEIBAI,ZIBUNENGCONG。……GUYUETONGQIXIANYUTONGYI,TONGYIXIANYUTONGLI,TONGLIXIANYUTONGJU,TONGJUXIANYUTONGMING。DIZHETONGQI,WANGZHETONGYI,BAZHETONGLI,QINZHETONGJUZEBOYI,WANGZHETONGMINGZECUYI。”[17]678ZONGERYANZHI,WUYILEIJU,RENYIQUNFEN。SHIWUCONGTONGDELIZIBUSHENGMEIJU,YOUTONGQI、TONGYI、TONGLI、TONGJU、TONGMINGZHUCENGCI,ERYITONGQIWEIGAO;DI、WANG、BA、LAODONGRENMIN、LIUWANGZHEZHUDENGJI,YIDIWANGWEIZUN,CHENGWEISHIFEIGUANNIANYUDENGJIGUANNIANDETIXIAN。

                                LIUSHI《GUANZI》DEHEHESIXIANG。《GUANZI》DUIHETONGYEYOUSUOCHANSHU,《LIZHENG》PIANSHUO:“JIANXIANNENGRANG,ZEDACHENHETONG。”“DACHENBUHETONG,GUOZHIWEIYE。”[18]62CHANGDAOTONGZHIJITUANNEIBUYAOHEMUTONGXIN。TEBIEXUYAOTIJIDESHI,GAILUNZHEZHONGSHENLEQIANRENDEHEHESIXIANG。LIANGZHOUZHIJISHIBOCENGDUIZHENGHUANGONGSHUO:“SHANGQINENGHEHEWUJIAO,YIBAOYUBAIXING。”ZUIZAOSHIYONG“HEHE”ERZI,WUJIAOJI“FUZIYOUQIN,JUNCHENYOUYI,FUFUYOUBIE,ZHANGYOUYOUXU,PENGYOUYOUXIN”WUZHONGMEIDE,SHICHULIRENJIGUANXIDEWUXIANGYUANZE。CIHOU,《MOZI·SHANGTONGZHONG》HE《XUNZI·LILUN》DOUYONGDAO“HEHE”。《GUANZI·BINGFA》PIANSHUO:“CHUZHIYIDAOZEMINHE,YANGZHIYIDEZEMINHE。HEHEGUNENGXIE,XIEGUNENGJI,XIEJIYIXI,MOZHINENGSHANG。”[18]323KEJIAN,CHONGSHANG“HEHE”DESIXIANGZAICHUNQIUZHANGUOSHIQIYIJINGXINGCHENG。

                                三、后世对先秦和同思想的传承与发展

                                ZHONGGUOGUDAIDEHETONGSIXIANG,XINGCHENGYUCHUNQIUSHIQI,ZHANGUOSHIQIYOUYOUSUOFAZHANWANSHAN。XIANQINSHIQIDE“XUANTONG”“TAIHE”“ZHONGHE”“HEHE”“DATONG”BUJINFANYINGLEDANGSHIDEYUZHOUGUAN,YECHENGWEISHIRENZISHENXIUYANGHECHULIGEZHONGGUANXIDEZHUNZE,CHENGWEIYIZHONGZHENGZHISIXIANGHESHEHUILIXIANG。ZHEIXIEDOUWEIQINHANYIJIANGDERUJIAXUEPAISUOCHUANCHENGHEFAZHAN。JIAYISUOZHE《XINSHU》ZHONGDUOCHUTANJIHE、TONG。QI《DAOSHU》PIANLUNJIJIEWU,SHUO:“RENZHURENERJINGNEIHEYI,GUQISHIMINMOFUQINYE。”LUNJIPINSHANZHITI,SHUO:“GANGROUDEDAOWEIZHIHE,FANHEWEIGUAI。”[19]302,304DUISHENMESHI“HE”ZUOLEXINDECHANSHI。《LIUSHU》PIANTANSHENGYINZHIDAO,SHUO:“LIULVHEWUSHENGZHIDIAO,YIFAYINYANG、TIANDI、RENZHIQINGSHENG,ERNEIHELIUFAZHIDAO。SHIGUWUSHENGGONG、SHANG、JIAO、ZHI、YU,CHANGHEXIANGYINGERDIAOHE,DIAOHEERCHENGLIWEIZHIYIN。”[19]317CHANSHULEHEZAIYINLEZHONGDEZHONGYAOXING。ZAIYIJIANLIZHUANZHIZHUYIDEZHONGYANGJIQUANZHIDUDEHANDAI,JIAYIJIANGMOZIDESHANGTONGSIXIANGFAZHANDAOJIZHI,CHANGDAOLIZHIGANGCHANG,QIANGDIAOJUEDUIFUCONG,ZAI《WUMEI》PIANZHUZHANGSHI“HAINEIZHISHI,RUSHENZHISHIBEI,BEIZHISHIZHI,MOBUCONGZHI”[19]67。

                              牛牛游戏厅安卓,{原始关键词}   DONGZHONGSHUSUOZHE《CHUNQIUFANLU》ZHONG,JIXUCHANSHILIANGZHOUZHIJISHIBO“HESHISHENGWU”DEDAOLI。QI《XUNTIANZHIDAO》PIANSHUO:“ZHONGZHE,TIANZHIYONGYE;HEZHE,TIANZHIGONGYE。JUTIANDIZHIDAO,ERMEIYUHE,SHIGUWUSHENGJIEGUIQIERYINGYANGZHI。”“HEZHE,TIANZHIZHENGYE,YINYANGZHIPINGYE,QIQIZUILIANG。”[20]610JINERQIANGDIAOZHONGHEDEZHONGYAOXING:“ZHONGZHE,TIANDIZHISUOZHONGSHIYE;ERHEZHE,TIANDIZHISUOSHENGCHENGYE。FUDEMODAYUHE,ERDAOMOZHENGYUZHONG。”“NENGYIZHONGHELITIANXIAZHE,QIDEDASHENG;NENGYIZHONGHEYANGQISHENZHE,QISHOUJIMING。”[20]606JIANG“HE”SHIWEIZUIGAODEDEXING,TAJIKEYONGYUZHIGUO,YOUKEYONGYUYANGSHENG。TONGSHI,DONGZHONGSHUYOUFAHUILEMOZIDESHANGTONGSIXIANG,ERCHANGDAODAYITONG。TACHANGDAO“TONGYI”“DAYITONG”,JIUSHI“QUMINERSHENJUN,QUJUNERSHENTIAN”,JI“TIANRENGANYING”。“《CHUNQIU》DAYITONGZHE,TIANDIZHICHANGJING,GUJINZHITONGYIYE。JINSHIYIDAO,RENYILUN,BAIJIASHUFANG,ZHIYIBUTONG,SHIYISHANGWANGYICHIYITONG;FAZHISHUBIAN,XIABUZHISUOSHOU。CHENYUYIWEIZHUBUZAILIUYIZHIKEKONGZIZHISHUZHE,JIEJUEQIDAO,WUSHIBINGJIN。XIEPIZHISHUOMIEXI,RANHOUTONGJIKEYIERFADUKEMING,MINZHISUOCONGYI。”[21]2523DONGZHONGSHUDEZHENGZHIZHEXUE、HEXINSIXIANGSHI“DAYITONG”,JIUSHIZAIZHENGZHISHANGTONGYIYUHUANGDI,SIXIANGSHANGTONGYIYURUXUE。

                              牛牛游戏厅安卓,{原始关键词}   BEISONGWUZIZHOUDUNYI、SHAOYONG、ZHANGZAI、CHENGHAO、CHENGYIDUIHETONGSIXIANGDUOYOULUNSHU。ZHOUDUNYIDE《TAIJITUSHUO》YIWEI“WANWUHUASHENG”SHIYOUYU“ERQIJIAOGAN”,ZHEISHIDUISHIBO“HESHISHENGWU”DEFAHUI。QI《TONGSHU》DUI《ZHONGYONG》“FAERZHONGJIEWEIZHIHE”YUYICHANSHI,YIWEIRENXINGYOUGANGROUHESHANE,YAOQUQIZHONG。SUOWEIZHONG,JIUSHIHE,JIUSHIZHONGJIE。ZHEISHITIANXIAZHIDADAO,YESHISHENGRENZHISHI。SHAOYONGDE《GUANWUWAIPIAN》TANXIUYANGFANGFA,SHUO“YIWUXIWU,YIWUBEIWU,CIFAERZHONGJIEYE”[22]152。JIUSHISHUO,BUCHANZASIXINZANIAN,BUCHANZAGERENLIYIDEXINUAILE,JIUSHIZHONGJIE。YOUSHUO:“ZHUANGZI《QIWU》,WEIMIANHUJIAOLIANG,JIAOLIANGZEZHENG,ZHENGZEBUPING,BUPINGZEBUHE。”[22]175RENDEZHONGHEZHIQI,XINGQINGZEBUGANGBUROU。RENZAICHUSHISHIZEYAO“ZHIGONG”。ZHANGZAICENGDUIXIANQINSHIQIDE“TAIHE”“ZHONGHE”SIXIANGYUYIJIESHI,《ZHENGMENG》YOU《TAIHEPIAN》SHUO:“TAIHESUOWEIDAO,ZHONGHANFUCHEN、SHENGJIANG、DONGJING、XIANGGANZHIXING,SHISHENGYUN、XIANGDANG、SHENGFU、QUSHENZHISHI。”[23]1ZHANGZAIRENWEI,“TAIHE”NAITIANDIJIANYINYANGZHONGHEHAOZHIQI,YUZHOUYANBIANDEZHENGGEGUOCHENGSHIYINYANGMAODUNDEGUOCHENG,ZHEIGEZONGDEGUOCHENGCHENGWEITAIHE。QI《JINGXUELIKU》YOUSHUOTAIHESHI“HEZHIZHI”。TAYOUSHUO:“YOUXIANGSIYOUDUI,DUIBIFANQIWEI。YOUFANBIYOUCHOU,CHOUBIHEERJIE。”[23]25ZHEISIJUHUAFANYINGLETADEBIANZHENGFASIXIANG。

                              牛牛游戏厅安卓,{原始关键词}   LIXUEDEDIANJIZHECHENGHAO、CHENGYIDUIHEDUOYOULUNSHU。《YICHUANYICHUAN》DUI《ZHOUYI·QIAN·TUANCI》LUN:“QIANDAOBIANHUA,GEZHENGXINGMING,BAOHETAIHE,NAILIZHEN。”YOUDUI“ZHONGHE”ZUOCHUJIESHI:“ZHONGHE,RUOZHIYURENFENSHANGYANZHI,ZEXINUAILEWEIFAJIFAZHIWEIYE。RUOZHIZHONGHE,ZESHIDATIANLI,BIANJIANDETIANZUNDIBEI、WANWUHUAYUZHIDAO,ZHISHIZHIZHIYE。”[24]160TAMENYOUYANJITONG,SHUO:“HEERTINGZHIZESHENG,GONGZEZITONG。RUOYOUSIXINBIANBUTONG,TONGJISHITIANXIN。”[24]145RENWEITONGSHITIANXIN,YESHI“GONG”,ZHUZHANG“KUORANERDAGONG”。ERCHENGRENWEILIJIUSHIXU,LEJIUSHIHE,ZHUZHANGANLIERHELE。RENWEIHESHITIANDAOZIRANGUILV,YESHIDAODEXIUYANG,ZUIZHONGLUOJIAOYUSHEHUIZHILI。NANSONGZHUXISHILIXUEDEJIDACHENGZHE,JIANG《LUNYU》《MENGZI》HE《DAXUE》《ZHONGYONG》TIGAODAOZHONGYAODIWEI。《ZHONGYONG》TICHU:“XINUAILEWEIFAWEIZHIZHONG,FAERJIEZHONGJIEWEIZHIHE。”ZHUXICENGZUO《ZHONGHEJIUSHUOXU》,JIANGZIJIDERENSHIGUINAWEI“XINWEIYIFA,XINGWEIWEIFA”,CONGERWEIQUEDINGYIZHONGSHIDANGDEXIUYANGFANGFATIGONGLEZHONGYAOLILUNJICHU。ZHUXIJIANG“LIYIFENSHU”,BUJINJUYOUXINGSHANGXUEDEYIYI,YETONGYANGYINGYONGYULUNLIXUE:“WANWUCANRAN,HAITONGBUTONG?YUE:LIZHISHIZHEIYIGE,DAOLIZETONG,QIFENBUTONG。JUNCHENYOUJUNCHENZHILI,FUZIYOUFUZIZHILI。”[25]6

                              牛牛游戏厅安卓,{原始关键词}   MINGMOQINGCHU,WANGFUZHIDESIXIANGZHONGCHONGMANLEDUIZIRAN、RENLEIYIJIRENLEISUOGOUCHENGDESHEHUIGONGTONGTIDEBIANZHENGERXITONGDELIJIE。TAQIANGDIAOYINYANGDEHEHE,《ZHOUYIWAICHUAN·DAYOUPIAN》ZHONGSHUO:“YINYANGZHILI,JIANZHIZHEZHONG,ZHONGGUBUJIE;XINGZHIZHEHE,HEGUBUSHUANG。BUSHUANGBUJIE,YIGUANSHUYUYOUSHENG。”[26]37《SHANGSHUYINYI》ZHUZHANGZHONGHEWEITI,LILEWEIYONG。QI《ZHANGZIZHENGMENGZHU·TAIHEPIAN》CONGYUZHOUGUANFANGMIANLUNSHUHE。DUIYUZHANGZAISUOWEI“TAIHESUOWEIDAO”,WANGFUZHIZHUYAN:“TAIHE,HEZHIZHIYE。DAOZHE,TIANDIWANWUZHITONGLI,JISUOWEITAIJIYE。YINYANGYIZHUAN,ERQIYUNYUTAIXUZHIZHONG,HETONGERBUXIANGBEIHAI,HUNLUNWUJIAN,HEZHIZHIYI。WEIYOUXINGQIZHIXIAN,BENWUBUHE,JIYOUXINGQIZHIHOU,QIHEBUSHI,GUYUETAIHE。”[23]1WANGFUZHIYOUCONGQIHUAYURENZHIXINGQINGLIANGFANGMIAN,DUIZHANGZAI“YOUXIANGSIYOUDUI,DUIBIFANQIWEI。YOUFANBIYOUCHOU,CHOUBIHEERJIE”ZUOCHUJIESHI,SHUO:“YIZAIRENZHIXINGYANZHI,YICHENGXINGZEYUWUWEIDUI,ERLIYUWUZHESUNYUJI,LIYUJIZHESUNYUWU,BIXIANGFANERCHOU;RANZHONGBUNENGBUQUWUYIZIYIYE,HEERJIEYI。”[23]25WANGFUZHIDEZHEXUESIXIANGYIQIUHEXIE(HEHE)WEIZHONGYAOTEDIAN,CHENGWEIQIGUANYURENLEIGONGTONGTISIXIANGDEZHEXUEJICHU,JUYOU“TIANXIAYITI”DESHEHUIGUANNIAN。TARENWEI“RENYUZHIGEDE,JITIANLIZHIDATONG”,YI“YANYIZHILI”“KUANYIYANGMIN”QUDAIKONGZIDE“KUANYIJIMENG,MENGYIJIKUAN,ZHENGSHIYIHE”,SHIGUANLISHOUYUESHU,RENMINANJULEYE,TIANXIATAIPINGWUSHI。

                                ZHONGGUOJINDAIGENGDUODESIXIANGJIA、ZHENGZHIJIALUNJIHEYUTONG。KANGYOUWEICHANGDAOBIANFA,RENWEIRENLEISHEHUILISHIYOULUANSHI、SHENGPINGSHIHETAIPINGSHI。“XIAOKANG”SHEHUIJISHENGPINGSHI,DATONGSHEHUIJITAIPINGSHI。KANGYOUWEI《DATONGSHU》SHUO:“BIANGUANSHIFA,SHEDATONGZHIDAOERYUJIUSHENGRENZHIKU,QIUQIDALE,DAIWUYOUYE。DATONGZHIDAO,ZHIPINGYE,ZHIGONGYE,ZHIRENYE,ZHIZHIZHIYE,SUIYOUSHANDAO,WUYIJIACIYE。”CONGQUANSHIJIESHIYULUNSHUTAIPINGSHENGSHI。SUNZHONGSHANXIANSHENGCHANGDAO“TIANXIAWEIGONG”,HAOZHAOKAIZHANGUOMINGEMING,SHEHUIGEJIE“TONGQUYUYIZHUYIZHIXIA”,JIANLIGUOMINPINGDENGDE“SHEHUIDEGUOJIA”,SHIJIAJIRENZU,WUYIBUHUOQISUO。ZONGZHI,XINGCHENGYUCHUNQIUZHANGUOSHIQIDEHETONGSIXIANG,JINGGUOHANSONGZHUDAIDEFAZHAN,YIZHIYANXUDAOJINDAI,ZHONGHE、HEHE、DATONGSIXIANGCHENGWEIZHONGHUAYOUXIUCHUANTONGWENHUADEZHONGYAONEIRONG。HONGYANGZHEIXIESIXIANGDUIYUSHIXIANZHONGHUAMINZUWEIDAFUXINGDEZHONGGUOMENG,DUIYUGOUJIANRENLEIMINGYUNGONGTONGTI,DOUJUYOUFEICHANGZHONGYAODEXIANSHIYIYI。

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