牛牛游戏厅安卓,{原始关键词}

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                      • 当前位置: 代写一篇论文多少钱 > 社会哲学论文 > 《论语》与《庄子》中对蘧伯玉的人物评价

                        《论语》与《庄子》中对蘧伯玉的人物评价

                        时间:2020-04-08 15:09作者:杨勇
                        本文导读:这是一篇关于《论语》与《庄子》中对蘧伯玉的人物评价的文章,春秋后期卫国大夫蘧伯玉,在先秦两汉典籍中多以君子形象出现。《论语》中孔子赞曰“君子哉蘧伯玉”(《论语·卫灵公》),对其君子之风颇多赞誉。《史记·孔子世家》载吴延陵季子使过卫,见蘧伯玉、史䲡,有“卫多君子,其

                          摘    要:牛牛游戏厅安卓,{原始关键词} 《庄子》中蘧伯玉出现两次,分别在内篇《人间世》与杂篇《则阳》。恰可与《论语》中关于蘧伯玉的两次记载分别一一呼应,借由这两处呼应,可探寻庄子对孔子思想的引申与转化,由此进一步窥探到孔庄思想意趣的异同。《论语》中的蘧伯玉,以“卷而怀之”的全身隐退,与“欲寡其过而未能”克己自省的儒家君子着称。庄子顺着这两点,对蘧伯玉的形象进行了引申与转化。一是将儒家“卷而怀之”的隐退避祸,发展成“形就心和”,混迹人间随便所适的“人间世”思想。两者都是保全自我,但后者更圆融无滞。二是将儒家“欲寡其过”发展成“六十而化”。前者有改过从善的道德意味,后者则消解是非善恶随顺而行。赋予了蘧伯玉浓郁的道家与庄学意味。充分体现了庄子“用剽剥儒、墨”、“以诋訿孔子之徒,以明老子之术”的学术旨趣。

                          关键词:牛牛游戏厅安卓,{原始关键词} 蘧伯玉; 庄子; 孔子; 君子;

                          CHUNQIUHOUQIWEIGUODAFUQUBOYU,ZAIXIANQINLIANGHANDIANJIZHONGDUOYIJUNZIXINGXIANGCHUXIAN。《LUNYU》ZHONGKONGZIZANYUE“JUNZIZAIQUBOYU”(《LUNYU·WEILINGGONG》),DUIQIJUNZIZHIFENGPODUOZANYU。《SHIJI·KONGZISHIJIA》ZAIWUYANLINGJIZISHIGUOWEI,JIANQUBOYU、SHI䲡,YOU“WEIDUOJUNZI,QIGUOWUGU”ZHITAN,LIEQIWEIWEIGUOZHUJUNZIZHISHOU。《LIJI·LIQI》LUNLILE,QUBOYUYOU“JUNZIZHIRENDA”YIYU,KEJIANQIRENYISHISHIYIJUNZIZHICAOZIJING。NANSONGLUODAJINGYESHUO“BOYUKEWEIZHENJUNZIYI”(《HELINYULU·BINGBIAN·JUANYI》)。CONGZHEIXIEJIZAIKAN,QUBOYUDEJUNZIXINGXIANGSHENRURENXIN。QIRENQISHISHANGSANJIAN《ZUOCHUAN》《ZHUANGZI》《HUAINANZI》《HANSHIWAICHUAN》《SHUOYUAN》《LIENVCHUAN》《XINXU》DENGXIANQINLIANGHANGUJI。JIEYOUZHEIXIEJIZAI,SUIWEINENGWANZHENGFUYUANQISHENGPINGSHIJIJISIXIANG,DANYEKEYIXIXIANGJIANQIWEIRENFENGFAN。

                          ZAIZHEIXIEDIANJIZHONG,POZHIDEZHUYIDESHI《ZHUANGZI》ZHONGQUBOYUDELIANGCICHUCHANG。ZHONGSUOZHOUZHI,ZHUANGZIWEIDAOJIAXUEPAIDEDAIBIAORENWU,QIXUESHUOJICHENGLELAOZIZHIXUEBINGZUOLEJIAODATUOZHAN,QISHUONAISHI“YIDIZIKONGZIZHITU,YIMINGLAOZIZHISHU”(《SHIJI·LAOZIHANFEILIECHUAN》)。ZAIZHEIZHONGRENSHIXIA,RUJIA“YIRENWEIEN,YIYIWEILI,YILIWEIXING,YILEWEIHE,XUNRANCIREN”(《ZHUANGZI·TIANXIA》)DEJUNZI,ZAI《ZHUANGZI》ZHONGWANGWANGBEIZHIYUPIPINGDEWEIZHISHANG。《RENJIANSHI》ZHONGSHUO“TIANZHIXIAOREN,RENZHIJUNZI;RENZHIJUNZI,TIANZHIXIAOREN”,JIZAITIANRENSHIYUXIAXIAOJIELEJUNZIZHEIYIRUJIADEZHONGYAOLUNLIJIAOSE。《MATI》YEZHICHU:“FUZHIDEZHISHI,TONGYUQINSHOUJU,ZUYUWANWUBING,EHUZHIJUNZIXIAORENZAI。”《TIANZIFANG》ZHONGGENGPIPING“ZHONGGUOZHIJUNZI,MINGHULIYIERLOUYUZHIRENXIN”。ZHEIXIEDIFANGDOUTIXIANCHUDUI“JUNZI”DEBUXIE。RANER,ZHIDEZHUYIDESHI,ZUOWEICHUANTONGYIYISHANG“RENZHIJUNZI”DEQUBOYU,ZAI《ZHUANGZI》ZHONGQUEBINGFEI“TIANZHIXIAOREN”,ERSHIYIYOUDAOZHEDEZHENGMIANSHENFENCHUXIAN。ZHEIYIFANGMIANGURANKESHUOSHIZHUANGZI“YUYAN”DEXIEFA,DANZHEILIANGCICHUCHANGQUEYEYUZHENSHIDEQUBOYU,YOUQIKONGZIYANZHONGDEQUBOYUYOUMIQIEDEYUANYUANGUANXI,ZHISHIYOUBEIZHUANGZIFUYULEYIXIEXINDELINIAN。DUISHANGSHUWENTIDEJINYIBUTANWEI,YOUZHUYUGENGQINGCHUDIRENSHIKONG、ZHUANGLIANGJIADUILISHIRENWUBUTONGPINGJIASUOTIXIANCHUDEGEZISIWEITEDIANYUJIAZHIQUXIANG。XIAWENJIUCIZHANKAITANTAO。

                          一、从“卷而怀之”到“形就心和”

                          QUBOYUZHISUOYIWEI“JUNZI”,JU《LUNYU·WEILINGGONG》ZAI:

                          ZIYUE:“ZHIZAISHIYU!BANGYOUDAORUSHI,BANGWUDAORUSHI。JUNZIZAIQUBOYU!BANGYOUDAOZESHI,BANGWUDAOZEKEJUANERHUAIZHI。”

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                          天下有道则见,无道则隐。邦有道,贫且贱焉,耻也;邦无道,富且贵焉,耻也。(《论语·泰伯》)
                         

                        《论语》与《庄子》中对蘧伯玉的人物评价
                         

                          QUBOYUYEKEWEI“YOUDAOZEJIAN,WUDAOZEYIN”。ZHEIYEJIUSHIMENGZISUOWEI“SHIQIONGBUSHIYI,DAOBULIDAO”,“QIONGZEDUSHANQISHEN,DAZEJIANSHANTIANXIA”(《MENGZI·JINXINSHANG》)。KONGZIDUIQUBOYUDEZHEIZHONGPINGJIA,YINGGAISHIZAIXIANGDANGLEJIEQIRENHOUZUOCHU。JU《SHIJI》,KONGZIZHOUYOULIEGUOSHIWEILIANGDU“ZHUQUBOYUJIA”(《SHIJI·KONGZISHIJIA》)。YOUZAI:“KONGZIZHISUOYANSHI:YUZHOUZELAOZI;YUWEI,QUBOYU。”(《SHIJI·ZHONGNIDIZILIECHUAN》)KEJIANERRENGUOCONGSHENMI,“YANSHI”YUSHENZHIYOU“SHISHIZHI”DEZUNCHONGWEIDAO。《BAIHUTONGYI》JUAN4ZAI:“KONGZISHILAO”。KONGZIBENRENCHANGXIANRU“ZHIQIBUKEWEIERWEIZHI”(《LUNYU·XIANWEN》),NENGJINERBUNENGTUIDEKUNJINGZHONG。GUDUIQUBOYUZHIXINGPOYOU“SUIBUNENGZHI,XINXIANGWANGZHI”DEZANTAN。

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                        牛牛游戏厅安卓,{原始关键词}   ERGUANYU“JUANERHUAIZHI”,JU《ZUOCHUAN》ZAIWEIGUOCENGLIANGCIFASHENGNEILUAN:

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                        牛牛游戏厅安卓,{原始关键词}   YANHEJIANGFUWEILINGGONGDAZI,ERWENYUQUBOYUYUE:“YOURENYUCI,QIDETIANSHA。YUZHIWEIWUFANG,ZEWEIWUGUO;YUZHIWEIYOUFANG,ZEWEIWUSHEN。QIZHISHIZUYIZHIRENZHIGUO,ERBUZHIQISUOYIGUO。RUORANZHE,WUNAIZHIHE?”

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                          《RENJIANSHI》LIENEIPIANZHISI,QIZHUZHIGUOXIANGSHUONAISHI“YURENQUNZHE,BUDELIREN。RANRENJIANZHIBIANGU,SHISHIYIYI,WEIWUXINERBUZIYONGZHE,WEINENGSUIBIANSUOSHIERBUHEQILEIYE”5。JIZAIFENFANDERENSHIJIAN,RUHEZAIBUTUICHANGDEQIANTIXIA,TONGGUOZIWOJIAOSEDINGWEI、XINLIDIAOSHISHIYINGXIANSHIGEZHONGTIAOZHAN,CONGERBIHUOYUANHUAN。ERZHEIYIPIANYOUQIGUANZHUSHIRENZHENGZHISHANGDEJINTUI。SHIJISHANGSHIZHUANGZIDUIDANGSHIZHANGUOZHISHIZHUHOUJIANBINGSHANGZHAMOU,ZONGHENGCESHIWANGLAICHUANSUOZHUHOUGUOZHIJIANDEYIZHONGXIANSHIYOULV。PIANZHONG“YANHUIZHIWEI”“YEGONGZIGAOJIANGSHIYUQI”“YANHEJIANGFUWEILINGGONGDAZI”SANZEYUYAN,DOUWEIRAORENCHENRUHEZAILUANZHENGHUNJUNZHIXIAQIUQUANZHANKAI。LISHISHANGDEQUBOYU,YI“JUANERHUAIZHI”NENGDEZIBAOZHECHENG,QIANENGFUHEZHEIYIZHUTI。ZHEIYINGGAISHIZHUANGZIJIEQUBOYULAIZAOSHEYUYANDEZHUYAOKAOLV。CICHUQUBOYUTICHU“XINGMORUOJIU,XINMORUOHE”,“JIUBUYURU,HEBUYUCHU”DEZHUZHANG。RENWEISHIFENGJUNZHU,WAIZAIBIAOXIANYINGSHIWUXIANDEQIANJIUSUISHUN,NEIZAIZEBUYUZHITONGLIUHEWU,BAOCHINEIXINZHIANSHUNYUPINGHE。WAINEIXIANGDE,GEXINGQIDAOHUBUGANSHE。ZHIYOUZHEIYANGCAINENGGOUTONGDAWUZHI,CUNGUOBAOSHEN。

                        牛牛游戏厅安卓,{原始关键词}   NEIME《RENJIANSHI》ZHONGQUBOYUDEZHEIZHONGZHUZHANG,YUSHANGSHU《LUNYU》ZHONGQUBOYUDESIXIANGYOUHEQUBIENI?SHANGYINBAOXIANZHU《LUNYU》,SHUOQUBOYU“JUANERHUAIZHI”NAISHI“ROUSHUNBUWUYUREN”。BUKEFOUREN,LIKAIGUANCHANGQUEYOU“BUWUYUREN”DEYIMIAN。DANRUGUOCONG《RENJIANSHI》ZHUZHICHUFAKAN,KONGPAWEIBINENGDADAOBAOXIANSUOSHUO。YINWEIXUANZELIKAI,SHIYIZHONGDUIZAIWEIZHUJUNDEBUHEZUO,BENSHENJIUSHI“WU”,JIUYIJINGBUSHI“XINGMORUOJIU”LE。ZHEIYIXINGWEIQIANFUZHEBUHEZUODAILAIDEFENGXIAN。SHISHISHANG,DUIZHEIZHONGTELIDUXINGDELISHIYINJUZHIJU,ZHUANGZIBINGBUZANCHENG。《ZHUANGZI》WAIPIAN《KEYI》LIDUI“KEYISHANGXING,LISHIYISU,GAOLUNYUANFEI,WEIKANGERYIYI”DE“SHANGUZHISHI,FEISHIZHIREN,KUGAOFUYUANZHEZHISUOHAO”JINXINGLEPIPING。RENWEIZHEIXIEZUOFATAIGUOBIAOXINLIYI,YUSHISUGEGEBURU。TAZANXUDESHI“BUKEYIERGAO”DE“SHENGRENZHIDE”,YEJIUSHIGUOXIANGSUOSHUODE“SUIBIANSUOSHIERBUHEQILEI”。ZAIZHUANGZIKANLAI,WULUNTIANXIAYOUDAOWUDAO,DOUYINGGAISHUNSHIERXING,WUSHIWUFEI,YINSHIYINFEI,YIQIEJIEZIRAN,SHUNWUERDONGJIKE。ERLIKAIXIANRANSHIYIZHONGSHICIFEIBIDEKEYIZHIJU。LIKAIBINGBUNENGCHENGWEIZHENZHENGJIEJUEWENTIDEZHONGJIFANGAN。DUIRENSHIZHEIYIDIANPOYOUYIWEIDESHI,《LUNYU》“TIANXIAYOUDAOZEJIAN,WUDAOZEYIN”YIYU,ZAI《RENJIANSHI》“KONGZISHICHU,CHUKUANGJIEYUYOUQIMEN”YIJIEZHONG,JIEJIEYUZHIKOUYIBEIGAICHENG“TIANXIAYOUDAO,SHENGRENCHENGYAN;TIANXIAWUDAO,SHENGRENSHENGYAN”。GUANYU“CHENG”“SHENG”ERZI,GUOXIANGJIESHIDAO:“FUZHIZIER,ERLIZISHENGCHENG。SHENGCHENGFEIWOYE,QIWEIZHILUANYIJIEZAI。”5“QIWEIZHILUANYIJIE”YIYUYOUNENGFAZHUANGZIBENYI。ZHEISHIYIZHONG“ZHIQIBUKENAIHEERANZHIRUOMING”(《ZHUANGZI·RENJIANSHI》)DEXINTAI。YINCICONGZHUANGZILICHANGCHUFA,QUBOYUYINGGAIZUODEBUSHI“JUANERHUAIZHI”DELIKAI,ERYINGSHIDUIWEIGUOZAIWEIZHECHI“WEIYINGER”“WUDINGQI”“WUYA”DESUISHUN。ZHEIYANGYILAI,SHIJISHANGYEJIUBAKONGZIZAI《LUNYU》ZHONGSHANGSHU“JUANERHUAIZHI”DEGUANNIANFOUDINGLE。

                        牛牛游戏厅安卓,{原始关键词}   BUNANKANCHU,YOU《LUNYU·WEILINGGONG》DAO《ZHUANGZI·RENJIANSHI》,QUBOYUYIBEIZHUANGZIJINXINGLEYICICHUANGZAOXINGZHUANHUA。KUITANZHEIYIGUOCHENG,KEYIQINGCHUKANDAORU、DAOERJIAZAISHIRENJINTUIZHEIYIGEZHONGDAWENTISHANGXIWEIQUEXIANZHEDESIXIANGFENJI。QUBOYUDE“JUANERHUAIZHI”,DUIKONGZI“ZHIQIBUKEWEIERWEIZHI”ZUOLEYICIFOUDING。ZHUANGZIDE“XINGMORUOJIU,XINMORUOHE”,“JIUBUYURU,HEBUYUCHU”,ZEYOUDUIQUBOYUDE“JUANERHUAIZHI”ZUOLEYICIFOUDING。FOUDINGZHIFOUDING,ZHUANGZIDE“WEI”“YUZHIWEI”“YIYUZHIWEI”,SIHUYOUHUIDAOLEKONGZI“WEIZHI”DEYUANDIAN,DANSHIJISHANGQUESHI“ZAICHAZUYIFEIQIANSHUI”,YOULEWANQUANBUTONGDESIXIANGNEIYUN。ZHEIZHENGSHIZHUANGZIDESHENKEZHICHU。RANERWENTIZAIYU,LAOZHUANGDAOJIAZHENDEZOUCHUZHEIYI“XIAN”YU“YIN”DEJUEZEFANCHOULEMA?KONGPAWEIBI。JISHISHENWEIZHOUSHOUZANGSHIZHISHIDELAOZI,HOULAIYEYOU“JUZHOUJIUZHI,JIANZHOUZHISHUAI,NAISUIQU”DE“MOZHIQISUOZHONG”ZHIJU。ZHUANGZIYEYI“ZIJIQU,WUWUWO。WONINGYOUXIWUDUZHIZHONGZIKUAI,WUWEIYOUGUOZHESUOJI,ZHONGSHENBUSHI,YIKUAIWUZHIYAN”(《SHIJI·LAOZIHANFEILIECHUAN》)DEJUEJUE,CIQUCHUWANGXUYIWEIXIANGZHIPIN,NINGKEZUOYIGEQIYUANLIDEXIAOGUANYOUXIRENJIAN。TAJIANWEIWANGSHI,YOUTONGCHIDANGSHI“HUNSHANGLUANXIANG”ZHIJU(《ZHUANGZI·SHANMU》)。TAMENDOUWULIWAIDIXUANZELE“BANGWUDAOJUANERHUAIZHI”,ERFEI“XINGJIUXINHE”,GENGFEI“YUZHIWEIYINGER”、“YUZHIWEIWUDINGQI”、“YUZHIWEIWUYA”。NEIMEZHUANGZIDEZHEIZHONG“XINGJIUXINHE”ZHIDAO,ZAI“RENJIANSHI”ZHONGJIUJINGDANGLUOZAIHEREN、HECHUNI?ZHEIHUOXUSHIYIGEZHIDESHENSIDEHUATI。

                          二、从“欲寡其过”到“六十而化”

                        牛牛游戏厅安卓,{原始关键词}   YU《ZHUANGZI》XIANGTONG,《LUNYU》ZHONGQUBOYUYECHUXIANLELIANGCI,QIEZAINEIRONGSHANGQIAHAOKEYU《ZHUANGZI》ZHONGDELIANGCICHUCHANGYIYIHUYING。CHULESHANGJIESUOSHU,《LUNYU·XIANWEN》ZAI:

                        牛牛游戏厅安卓,{原始关键词}   QUBOYUSHIRENYUKONGZI,KONGZIYUZHIZUOERWENYAN,YUE:“FUZIHEWEI?”DUIYUE:“FUZIYUGUAQIGUOERWEINENGYE。”

                          SHIZHECHU,ZIYUE:“SHIHU!SHIHU!”

                        牛牛游戏厅安卓,{原始关键词}   QUBOYUSUIYIJUNZIMINGSHI,CHUSHIWEIGUANYOUYOUXIANZHEZHENGJI,QIRENQUERENGNENGXUHUAIRUOGU,ZHENGRUXINGBINGSUOSHUO“CHANGZIXIUSHENG,YUGUASHAOQIGUO,ERWEINENGWUGUOYE”6。ZHEIYIXINGXIANGJINGYOUSHIZHEZHIKOUWEIWANCHUANDA,DEDAOKONGZIJIAOKOUCHENGZAN。ZHONGSUOZHOUZHI,RUJIAJIANG“RISANSHENGWUSHEN”(《LUNYU·XUEER》)。ER“GAIGUO”YESHIKONGZIFANFUSHENYANDE,《LUNYU》ZHONGDUOJIANQILI:

                          ZIYUE:“YIYIHU,WUWEIJIANNENGJIANQIGUOERNEIZISONGZHEYE。”(《GONGYEZHANG》)

                          ZIYUE:“GUOERBUGAI,SHIWEIGUOYI。”(《WEILINGGONG》)

                          ZIYUE:“ZHUZHONGXIN,WUYOUBURUJIZHE,GUOZEWUDANGAI。”(《ZIHAN》)

                          QUBOYU“YUGUAQIGUO”,YEKEWEI“NENGJIANQIGUOERNEIZISONG”,“GUOZEWUDANGAI”。《HANSHIWAICHUAN》YESHUOTA“ZISHEYUYINKUOZHIZHONG”,ZHEIXIEJIZAIDOUKECANZHAOHUZHENG。

                          XIAMIANLAIKAN《ZHUANGZI》ZHONGQUBOYUYUCIXIANGGUANDELINGYICHUCHUCHANG。《ZAPIAN·ZEYANG》ZAI:

                          QUBOYUXINGNIANLIUSHIERLIUSHIHUA,WEICHANGBUSHIYUSHIZHIERZUQUZHIYIFEIYE,WEIZHIJINZHISUOWEISHIZHIFEIWUSHIJIUFEIYE。WANWUYOUHUSHENGERMOJIANQIGEN,YOUHUCHUERMOJIANQIMEN。RENJIEZUNQIZHIZHISUOZHI,ERMOZHISHIQIZHIZHISUOBUZHIERHOUZHI,KEBUWEIDAYIHU!YIHUYIHU!QIEWUSUOTAO。CISUOWEIRANYU,RANHU?

                          QUBOYU“LIUSHIERLIUSHIHUA”,ZHANZAIDANGXIABUDUANFOUDINGGUOWANG,ZHANZAIWEILAIZEBUDUANFOUDINGDANGXIA。ZHEIGEGUOCHENGRUXUANYINGZHICHUNAISHI“BUYOUYUGUYE”7。ZHEIXIANRANYESHIBENYUQUBOYUDEBUDUANZISHENGGAIGUOERLILUN。《LUNYU》“YUGUAQIGUO”,YEKEYISHUOSHI“SHIYUSHIZHIERZUQUZHIYIFEI”。NEIME,JINYIBULAIKAN,“LIUSHIERHUA”YU“YUGUAQIGUO”ERZHESHIFOUZHENKEHUNWEIYISHINI?ZHEIYESHIYIGERAOYOUXINGWEIDEWENTI。

                        牛牛游戏厅安卓,{原始关键词}   YINGGAIKANDAO,“YUGUAQIGUO”,SHIYIGEGAIGUOCONGSHANDEGUOCHENG,KONGZISUOWEI“JIANSHANRUBUJI,JIANBUSHANRUTANTANG”(《LUNYU·JISHI》),“KEJIFULI”(《LUNYU·YANYUAN》)。ZHEIGEGUOCHENGSHIYIYANGEQUFENSHIFEI、SHANEWEIJICHUZHANKAIDE,YOUNONGHOUDEDAODESECAI,SHIYIGEDIANXINGDE“RUJIASHI”MINGTI。QUBOYUZIZIBUJUAN,WEIKONGYOUGUOBUNENGGAI,LIQIUJINSHANJINMEI,GUWEIKONGZISUOSHENXU。YUZHIXIANGBIJIAO,《ZEYANG》ZHONGQUBOYUDE“LIUSHIERLIUSHIHUA”,SUIRANBIAOMIANSHANGKANHAOXIANGYESHIYIGEBUDUANFOUDINGGUOWANGDEGUOCHENG。DANZHEIGEGUOCHENGQUEBINGFEILIZUSHANE,ERGENGDUODESHIYIZHONGDUIGUOWANGDEYIWANGYUXIAOJIE。YIQIEGUOWANG,WULUNSHANE、SHIFEIDOUBEIXIAOJIE。YANGELAIJIANG,ZHEIBUSHI“FOUDING”,ERSHI“HUA”。“HUA”ZIJIYIWANGYUXIAOJIEZHIYI。ZHEIGEZIZAI《ZHUANGZI》ZHONGDUOJIAN,SHIZHUANGZITEBIEYIZHONGDEGAINIANZHIYI。ZAIZHUANGZIKANLAI,RUJIADESUOWEISHANE、SHIFEI,DOUZHISHIRENMENCHUYUZISHENLICHANGSHEDINGDEPIANXIAGUANNIAN。《QIWULUN》PIANZHICHUSHIFEIDEXIANGDUIXING,“SHIYIBIYE,BIYISHIYE。BIYIYISHIFEI,CIYIYISHIFEI”,SUOYIYAO“YINSHIYINFEI,YINFEIYINSHI。SHIYISHENGRENBUYOU,ERZHAOZHIYUTIAN”(《ZHUANGZI·QIWULUN》)。GUER《ZEYANG》ZHONGQUBOYU“LIUSHIERHUA”BUHANYOU《LUNYU》“GAIGUO”DENEIYICENGYISI。ZHISHIXIANGBIAODA,SHIFEIBENSHENZUOWEIFOUDINGDUIXIANGZAIBUDUANBIANHUA。CHENGXUANYINGSHUO:“CHULVZHINIAN,WEIZHIWEISHI,NIANJIZHONGXIE,WEIZHIWEIFEI。YISUIZHIZHONGERSHIFEICHANGCHU,GUSHISHIZHISHI,ZHONGQUWEIFEIYE。”8YINCIBUNENGZHIZHEYUSHIFEI。SHENZHIBUNENGZHIZHEYUPOCHUSHIFEIDE“HUA”BENSHEN,“HUA”YECHENGWEIBEIXIAOJIEDEDUIXIANG,SUOWEI“QIEFANGJIANGHUA,EZHIBUHUAZAI?FANGJIANGBUHUA,EZHIYIHUAZAI?”(《RENJIANSHI》)JIUQIGENBEN,WANWUDOUSHI“MOJIANQIGEN”“MOJIANQIMEN”DE,BUKESHI“ZHIZHISUOZHI”,HAIYOUGENGDUO“ZHIZHISUOBUZHI”NAISHI“YUHUARIXIN”9DE。ZHIYOUBUDUANXIAOJIE“ZHIZHISUOZHI”,CAINENGXIAOCHU“DAYI”DADAOZHENZHI。ZHEIYANGZHUANGZISHIJISHANGYEJIUBAQUBOYU“YUGUAQIGUO”DERUJIAQIXIXIAOJIELE,BINGDAIZHIYINONGHOUDEZHUANGXUEYIWEI。GUOXIANGJIESHI“LIUSHIERHUA”,YUN“YINENGSHUNSHIERBUXIYUBIWOGUYE”8,KEWEITANDEQIBEN。

                          YOUCIKEJIAN,“YUGUAQIGUO”YU“LIUSHIERHUA”XINGZHISHANGYOUGENBENBUTONG,QIANZHEGUIYURU,HOUZHEGUIYUDAO。SUOWEI“HUA”,NAISHI“WANWUJIEZHONGYE,YIBUTONGXINGXIANGSHAN,SHIZURUOHUAN,MODEQILUN,SHIWEITIANJUN”(《YUYAN》)。“GUAGUO”ZEHAIBUNENG“SHIZURUOHUAN,MODEQILUN”,HAICHUZAISHICIFEIBIDELUNLEIZHIYOUZHONGERBUNENG“HUA”。DANZHEIYIDIAN,GUJINYILAICHANGWEIXUEZHEHUSHI,BINGJIANGZHIHUNTONG。ZHUZIZAI《LUNYUJIZHU》ZHONGJIYIN“LIUSHIERHUA”SHI“YUGUAQIGUO”:“ANZHUANGZHOUCHENG‘BOYUXINGNIANWUSHIERZHISISHIJIUNIANZHIFEI’。YOUYUE‘BOYUXINGNIANLIUSHIERLIUSHIHUA。’GAIQIJINDEZHIGONG,LAOERBUJUAN。SHIYIJIANLVDUSHI,GUANGHUIXUANZHE”。10YIZHUANGZIZHI“HUA”LAILUNRUJIA“GAIGUO”ZHI“JINDE”,ZHEISHIYIZHONG“YIZHUANGSHIKONG”DESILU,MEIYOUZHUYIDAOERZHEJIANDECHAYI。WOMENKEYISHUO,RUOYI“JINDE”ERLUN,“LIUSHIERHUA”SUOJINZHIDE,YESHIZHUANGZI“ZHIQIBUKENAIHEERANZHIRUOMING,DEZHIZHIYE”(《RENJIANSHI》)JI“YOUXINHUDEZHIHE”(《DECHONGFU》)DEDE,ERFEIKONGZISHENGSHENKEJI“YUGUAQIGUO”DEJUNZIZHIDE;MINGHUYAN《YEQUBOYUMU》SHIYUN“GUAGUOZAIZHIFEI”11,YEJIANG“YUGUAQIGUO”YU“WEICHANGBUSHIYUSHIZHIERZUQUZHIYIFEI”SHITONGYISHI;QINGDAILUSHUZHI《ZHUANGZIXUE》JIE“LIUSHIERHUA”,SHUO“WEIYOUGUOJIGAI,HUAYUWUGUOYE”12,RENGHUNTONG“GAIGUO”YU“HUA”ZHIBIE,ZESHI“YIKONGSHIZHUANG”,YEYOUWEIZHUANGZIBENYI;JINRENYANGBOJUN《LUNYUYIZHU》ZHONGYIN《ZHUANGZI》“LIUSHIERHUA”ZHENG“YUGUAQIGUO”13,RENGYANXULEZHUXIDESILU。JIUBIZHEYUEDUSUOJI,ZHIYOUQIANMUXIANSHENG《XIANQINZHUZIXINIAN》ZHONGMINRUIYISHIDAOERZHEDECHABIE,ZHICHU《ZEYANG》PIAN“WEIXIRIZHISUOWEISHIZHE,HUOJINRIZHISUOWEIFEI,YOUJINRIYIWEISHIZHE,HUONAIXIRIZHISUOWEIFEI。BUCUNCHENGJIAN,GUYUEHUA。CIBENFEI《LUNYU》GUAGUOYI”,“《ZHUANGZI》FEIWEIBOYUZIJIANJIFEI,TEWEIBOYUBUGUZHIJISHIER”,“《LUNYU》ZHI‘YUGUAQIGUOERWEINENG’,NAISHIRENZHIQIANCI,YIJUNZIZHIXUXIN。ZHIYU《ZHUANGZI》CHENGHUA,SHIFEIJUMIN,ZEWEIYINJIMENGDIEZHILIU”14。SUOLUNJINGDANG,DANSIWEIYINQIXUEJIEZUGOUZHUYI。

                          《ZHUANGZI·YUYAN》PIANZHONGYOUYOUYIDUANYUSHANGYIN《ZEYANG》LEISIDEDUIHUA:

                          ZHUANGZIWEIHUIZIYUE:“KONGZIXINGNIANLIUSHIERLIUSHIHUA,SHISHISUOSHI,ZUERFEIZHI,WEIZHIJINZHISUOWEISHIZHIFEIWUSHIJIUFEIYE。”

                        牛牛游戏厅安卓,{原始关键词}   HUIZIYUE:“KONGZIQINZHIFUZHIYE。”

                          ZHUANGZIYUE:“KONGZIXIEZHIYI,ERQIWEIZHICHANGYAN。KONGZIYUN:‘FUSHOUCAIHUDABEN,FULINGYISHENG。’MINGERDANGLV,YANERDANGFA,LIYICHENHUQIAN,ERHAOESHIFEIZHIFURENZHIKOUERYIYI。SHIRENNAIYIXINFU,ERBUGANWULI,DINGTIANXIAZHIDING。YIHUYIHU!WUQIEBUDEJIBIHU!”

                          CICHU“LIUSHIERHUA”BIANCHENGLEKONGZI。HUISHIDUIKONGZI“QINZHIFUZHI”DEPINGJIARENGSHIRUJIALUSHU,YU《LUNYU》“YUGUAQIGUO”TONGCHUYIZHE。GUANYU“QINZHIFUZHI”,GUOXIANGSHUO“WEIKONGZIQINZHIFUYINGERHOUZHI,FEINENGRENQIZIHUAYE”15,LINXIYIJIESHIYUN“QINXINYICONGSHIYUZHIJIAN”16,XUANYINGYUN“QINLAOXINZHI,CONGSHIYUDUOZHI”17。HUISHIZHIYI,RENGYIKONGZI“LIUSHIERLIUSHIHUA”SHIRUJIAQINMIANZILIGAIGUOCONGSHANDEXINTAI。ZHUANGZIZEZHICHUBINGFEIRUCI,RENWEISUOWEI“QINZHIFUZHI”YIBEIKONGZIXIEQI。NEIXIE“DANGLV”ZHIMING、“DANGFA”ZHIYAN、LIYIHAOESHIFEIBINGBUNENGRANGRENXINFU。KONGZI“LIUSHIERHUA”,ZHISHIYUSHIJUHUA,HUIGUIDABEN,ZHONGXINHUIFUXULINGBUMEIZHIJING,SHIRENXINFU,DADAOSUOWEI“CHENGWUYIYOUXIN”(《RENJIANSHI》)ZHIJING,ERFEIJIANDANDESHICIFEIBI。ZHENGRUCHENGXUANYINGZHICHU“FURENBINGSHOUCAIZHIYUDADAOMIAOBEN,FUYULINGMINGYIJINSHENGYA,QIDEQINZHIYIXIN,GUAIYUZAOWU”18。SUOWEI“XIE”,GUOXIANGJIESHINAISHI“XIEBIANHUAZHIZIER,FEIZHILIZHISUOWEI”18。CICHUDE“XIE”,YU《ZEYANG》DE“HUA”,KEWEIYOUYIQUTONGGONGZHIMIAO。ZHEIYIZEWEIJINYIBULIJIE“LIUSHIERHUA”YU“YUGUAQIGUO”DECHABIETIGONGLEGENGXIANGXIDESHUOMING。YIYANYIBIZHI,ZHUANGZIYAOZHELIPOCHURENMENXINZHONGGUANCHANGXINGCHENGDESHIFEISHANEGUANNIAN,ERYIQIWUDERENSHIFEIDAIZHI。

                          ERZHEJIANDEZHEIZHONGCHABIE,HAIKEZAIYOU《ZHUZIYULEI》LILIANGDUANDUIHUAKAN:

                          WEN:“ZHUANGZISHUO:‘QUBOYUXINGNIANWUSHI,ERZHISISHIJIUNIANZHIFEI。’CIJUGUHAO。YOUYUN:‘XINGNIANLIUSHIERLIUSHIHUA。’HUASHIRUHE?”YUE:“WEIJIUSHIDOUXIAOWANGLE。”YOUYUE:“CIJUYISHUODEBUQIESHI。BOYUQUESHIGEXIANGLIZUOGONGFUREN,ZHUANGZIZHISHUO,ZIYOUGUODANGCHU。”[GUANG]

                          LIGONGHUIWEN“XINGNIANLIUSHIERLIUSHIHUA”。YUE:“ZHISHIXIAORONGLE,WUGUZHI。”[GAIQING](《ZHUZIYULEI》JUAN44)

                        牛牛游戏厅安卓,{原始关键词}   SHOUXIANXUZHICHU,CICHU“XINGNIANWUSHI”ZHISHUO,NAISHIWUYI《HUAINANZI·YUANDAOXUN》“QUBOYUNIANWUSHI,ERYOUSISHIJIUNIANFEI”WENZUOZHUANGZIYU。DANZHUZIYI“XIAOWANG”“XIAORONG”“WUGUZHI”JIE“XINGNIANLIUSHIERLIUSHIHUA”,ZEPONENGKUIDEQIJIANDEZHUANGXUEYIWEI。ERYOUSHUO“CIJUSHUODEBUQIESHI”YUNYUN,ZHEIYOUSHIZHANZAIRUJIALICHANGPIPINGZHUANGZI,DANYEQIAQIATANJIZHEIGEWENTISHANGKONG、ZHUANGZHIBIEDEHEXIN:“XIANGLIZUOGONGFU”DEQUBOYU,ZHENGSHIRUJIAYANZHONG“YUGUAQIGUO”DEQUBOYU;ERSUOWEIZHUANGZI“GUODANGCHU”,ZEZHENGSHIZHUANGZIDUIQUBOYUDEFAHUIZHICHUHESHENLAIZHIBI。XIANRANZHUXIDUICIJIANKONG、ZHUANGZHIBIERENSHISHIHENQINGCHUDE。BUGUOJIEHESHANGYIN《SISHUJIZHU》,ZONGDELAIKAN,ZAIQUBOYUDEPINGJIASHANGZHUXIJIBENSHANGHAISHIZHANZAIRUJIALICHANG。

                          三、总结:“无所不窥”与“归于老子”

                          JU《SHIJI·LAOZIHANFEILIECHUAN》,ZHUANGZI“QIXUEWUSUOBUKUI,RANQIYAOBENGUIYULAOZIZHIYAN。GUQIZHESHUSHIYUWANYAN,DADILVYUYANYE。ZUO《YUFU》、《DAOZHI》、《QUQIE》,YIDIZIKONGZIZHITU,YIMINGLAOZIZHISHU。WEILEIXU、KANGSANGZIZHISHU,JIEKONGYUWUSHISHI。RANSHANSHUSHULICI,ZHISHILEIQING,YONGPIAOBORU、MO,SUIDANGSHISUXUEBUNENGZIJIEMIANYE”。ZHEIDUANJIZAISHILEJIEZHUANGZIXUESHUODEZHUYAOYIJU,ZHONGYAOXINGZIKEBUDAIYAN。BENWENSUOLUNQUBOYUDELIZIWEIGENGHAOLIJIEZHEIDUANHUATIGONGLEYIGESHENGDONGZHUJIAO,DUICIZAIJIASHUOMING。

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                          QICI,ZHUANGZIYUNYONGZHISHISUISHENGUANG,DANQIXUEQUEYOUSUOZONG,JI“GUIYULAOZIZHIYAN”。QUBOYUZAIQIBIXIAJICONGRUJIAJUNZIZHILIEZOUXIALAI,CHENGWEIDAOJIARENWU,QUEDADAO“PIAOBORU、MO”、“DIZIKONGZIZHITU,YIMINGLAOZIZHISHU”ZHIXIAO。YIFANGMIAN,QUBOYUSHENSHANGJIYOUZIZIQIUGAIGUODERUJIAJUNZITEZHI;DANLINGYIFANGMIAN,“BANGYOUDAOZESHI,BANGWUDAOZEKEJUANERHUAIZHI”,YUKONGZIWENLIYULAOZISHI,LAOZI“JUNZIDEQISHIZEJIA,BUDEQISHIZEPENGLEIERXING”(《SHIJI·LAOZIHANFEILIECHUAN》)ZHIYU,NEIYUNYEYOUKETONGZHICHU,SIHUTASHENSHANGYEYOUYIXIEQIANZAIDEDAOJIAQIZHI。SUOYIQIANMUSHUOQUBOYU“GAIDAOJIAXIANSHENGYE”21。HUIGUQUBOYUXINGXIANGDEJIANGOU,JINGLILEYIGELEICENGDEGUOCHENG:XIANSHIBEIKONGZISUZAOWEIRUJIADELIXIANGJUNZI;JIERYOUBEIZHUANGZIGAIZAO,FAJUEQIDAOJIASIXIANGQINGXIANGBINGYINSHEN、FANGDA,FUYUQIDAOJIADELIXIANGRENGE。ZHENGRUCHENSHAOMINGSUOYAN:“DUIZHUANGZIERYAN,LISHIBUSHIYIYIDELAIYUAN,GENGBUSHIJIAZHIDEYUANZE,TACHENGLEXIUCIDESHOUDUAN”,ZHEIYIDIANZAIZHUANGZIDUIQUBOYUDEGAIZAOSHANGDEDAOLESHENGDONGTIXIAN22。ZHICIERXIA,QUBOYUSUIYIZHEIYANGYIZHONGERYUANHUADEXINGXIANGCUNZAIYULISHIZHONG。ZHEIYIGUANCHADIANZAIQIHOUXIHANRENYANZHONGDEQUBOYU,JIKEQINGCHUKANDAO。《HANSHIWAICHUAN》JUAN2ZAI:“WAIKUANERNEIZHI,ZISHEYUYINKUOZHIZHONG;ZHIJIBUZHIREN,SHANFEIERBUYIYI:QUBOYUZHIXINGYE。” “WAIKUANERNEIZHI”“ZHIJIBUZHIREN”DUOJIN《ZHUANGZI》“XINGJIUXINHE”,“XINGJIUERBURU,XINHEERBUCHU”ZHIYI,“ZISHEYUYINKUOZHIZHONG”,“SHANFEIERBUYIYI”ZEFENBIESHI《LUNYU》“YUGUAQIGUO”“JUANERHUAIZHI”ZHIYI。ZAIXIHANCHURUZHEHANYINGYANZHONGDEQUBOYU,CHENGXIANDEJIUSHIZHEIYANGYIZHONGKONG、ZHUANGSIXIANGDEERYUANHUNHE。ER《HUAINANZI·ZHUSHUXUN》ZAI:“QUBOYUWEIXIANG,ZIGONGWANGGUANZHI,YUE:‘HEYIZHIGUO?’YUE:‘YIFUZHIZHIZHI’。”YIQUBOYUZHU“WUWEIZHIZHI”,DAOJIASIXIANGDEQINGXIANGSHIFENXIANMING,ZEXIANRANSHISHUNZHEZHUANGZIDAOJIAHUAQUBOYUDESILUERXIA。ZHIYU《LIENVCHUAN》ZHONGWEILINGGONGFURENPINGJIAQUBOYU“FUZHONGCHENYUXIAOZI,BUWEIZHAOZHAOXINJIE,BUWEIMINGMINGDUOXING。QUBOYU,WEIZHIXIANDAFUYE。RENERYOUZHI,JINGYUSHISHANG”(《LIENVCHUAN·RENZHI》),SUOWEIXIAN、REN、ZHI、JING,DOUSHIRUJIADEGAINIAN,ZECHENGXIDEYOUSHIKONGZIRUJIAYANZHONGDEQUBOYU。

                          注释

                          1[魏]何晏等注,[宋]邢昺:《论语注疏》卷15《卫灵公》,载《十三经注疏》下,上海:上海古籍出版社,1997年,第2517页。
                          2[宋]朱熹:《论语集注》卷8《卫灵公》,载《四书章句集注》,北京:中华书局,1983年,第163页。
                          3钱穆:《先秦诸子系年》卷1《蘧瑗史鰌考》,北京:商务印书馆,2005年,第32页。
                          4[晋]杜预注,[唐]孔颖达等正义:《春秋左传正义》卷32,载《十三经注疏》下,第1957页。
                          5 [清]郭庆藩辑,王孝鱼整理:《庄子集释》卷2中《人间世》,北京:中华书局,1961年,第131,183页。
                          6[魏]何晏等注,[宋]邢昺:《论语注疏》卷14《宪问》,载《十三经注疏》下,第2512页。
                          7[清]宣颖:《南华经解》,广州:广东人民出版社,2008年,第180页。
                          8 [清]郭庆藩辑,王孝鱼整理:《庄子集释》卷8下《则阳》,第905,905页。
                          9钟泰:《庄子发微》卷之4《则阳》,上海:上海古籍出版社,2014年,第616页。
                          10[宋]朱熹撰:《论语集注》卷7《子路》,载《四书章句集注》,第156页。
                          11蔡云川、萧岐峻:《春秋先贤蘧伯玉》附录一,郑州:河南人民出版社,2003年,第199页。
                          12[清]陆树芝撰,张京华点校:《庄子雪》,上海:华东师范大学出版社,2001年,第217页。
                          13杨伯峻:《论语译注》,北京:中华书局,2006年,第174页。
                          14钱穆:《先秦诸子系年》卷1《蘧瑗史鰌考》,第33—34页。
                          15[清]郭庆藩辑,王孝鱼整理:《庄子集释》卷9上《寓言》,第953页。
                          16[宋]林希逸着,周启成校注:《庄子虞斋口义》卷9《杂篇寓言第二十七》,北京:中华书局,1997年,第434页。
                          17[清]宣颖:《南华经解》,第190页。
                          18 [清]郭庆藩辑,王孝鱼整理:《庄子集释》卷8下《则阳》,第905,905页。
                          19孔子及其弟子在《庄子》内、外、杂篇的出现次数尤其孔、颜的相关情况,王景琳做过统计说明。参见王景琳:《〈庄子〉内篇孔、颜形象考论——兼谈〈庄子〉的成书时间》,《孔子研究》1991年第3期。
                          20杜玉俭:《〈庄子〉对〈论语〉的化用与改造》,《孔子研究》2012年第6期。
                          21钱穆:《先秦诸子系年》卷1《蘧瑗史鰌考》,第32页。
                          22陈少明:《历史的寓言化——对庄子历史论述的一种解读》,《中国哲学史》2013年第2期。

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