牛牛游戏厅安卓,{原始关键词}

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            1. 当前位置: 代写一篇论文多少钱 > 社会哲学论文 > 郝敬对佛教的批判及其目的探析

              郝敬对佛教的批判及其目的探析

              时间:2020-04-20 15:45作者:江鎏渤
              本文导读:这是一篇关于郝敬对佛教的批判及其目的探析的文章,郝敬“辟佛”是儒家知识分子对佛教进行的一次大批判,是晚明儒佛之间一次争取思想主动权的交锋,是中国文化史上的重要现象。郝敬立足儒家正统意识进行“辟佛”活动,其言说不免有激进之处。然而,郝敬“辟佛”自有其意义

                摘    要: 牛牛游戏厅安卓,{原始关键词}晚明佛教盛行,甚至危及到了儒家的正统地位。经学家郝敬以弘扬圣学为职志,采取遍注群经的方式,意图以经书为理论基础从事“辟佛”活动。郝敬展开“辟佛”之路径有二:从思想来源上,郝敬指出佛教一些精密论点蹈袭自儒家;从社会效用上,郝敬认为佛教理论空寂无物,违背人伦。郝敬的“辟佛”进路由外而内,分别就前儒的经书阐说方式和修养方式进行了反思,建构了他的经世思想,号召人们重新关注现实生活,这促成了晚明经世运动的勃发。

                关键词: 郝敬; 辟佛; 异端; 经书阐说; 修养方法;

                Abstract:牛牛游戏厅安卓,{原始关键词} Buddhism prevailed in the late Ming Dynasty, even endangering the orthodox status of Confucianism. Hao Jing, a Confucian scholar, took spreading forward the Confucianism as his mission, annotated the Confucian Classics and engaged in the activity of “Against Buddhism”. There were two ways for Hao Jing to carry out “Against Buddhism”: from the source of thought, Hao Jing pointed out that some precise arguments of Buddhism follow the Confucianism; from the social utility, Hao Jing thought that Buddhism theory was empty and contrary to human relations. His “Against Buddhism” activity grew from outside to inside and he reflected on the ways of explaining and cultivating Confucian classics,building his thought of Confucian classics. He called on people to pay attention to real life again, which contributed to the prosperity of the movement of managing the world in the late Ming.

                Keyword:牛牛游戏厅安卓,{原始关键词} Hao Jing; Against Buddhism; heresy; interpretation of scriptures; cultivation methods;

              牛牛游戏厅安卓,{原始关键词}   HAOJING(1558—1639NIAN),ZIZHONGYU,HUBEIJINGSHANREN,WANLISHIQINIAN(1589NIAN)JINSHI,LIZHIJINYUN、YONGJIA,YOUNENGSHENG,BULIKE,GAIHUKEJISHIZHONG,HOUZHEZHIJIANGYIN。46SUISHI(1604NIAN)YINBUMANYUCHAOZHENG,SUIJUEYISHIJIN、BIHUZHESHUO,BINGYUWANLISISHIERNIAN(1614NIAN)ZHECHENG《JIUJINGJIE》。HAOJINGYINJUJINSISHINIAN,LUXUYOUZI、SHI、JIFANGMIANDEZHESHU,JUNSHOURU《SHANCAOTANGJI》。

                郝敬这些着作对时代问题进行了反思与回应,“辟佛”是其关注的核心内容。郝敬以儒家古老的经世传统作为武器,并继承唐宋以来的思想资源对佛教展开批判,主要呈现为辨佛之蹈袭、目佛为异端两个方面。辨佛之蹈袭,即郝敬持儒家本位主义,指出佛教精密论点源自儒家的价值判断;目佛为异端,是郝敬立足华夏正统意识、对佛教空虚性质的基本认识。“辟佛”促使郝敬对儒家经义、修养方法两个方面进行订正:郝敬申明汉宋学者未能阐明经书大义,导致佛教袭用儒家义理而不被察觉;宋明理学对“形而上”修养方法的过度注重,被郝敬视作混淆儒佛的行为。郝敬提出相应的“辟佛”方案:以人情为切入点辨订前儒之说,明经书之义;强调知行并重以纠正佛教“形而上”之偏,达到弃虚蹈实。郝敬的“辟佛”方案使他的儒学具有了时代特征,激活了被时人遗忘的儒家经世体系,在社会上产生了广泛影响。郝敬“辟佛”是明代晚期经世运动的重要组成部分,它反映了晚明士大夫对“形而上”思辨的逐渐厌弃,凸显了郝敬以天下为己任的担当精神,对之进行个案研究无疑具有管窥晚明思想镜像的意义。
               

              郝敬对佛教的批判及其目的探析
               

                一、郝敬“辟佛”的思想契机

              牛牛游戏厅安卓,{原始关键词}   FOJIAOZIHANDAICHUANRUZHONGGUOYILAI,YUBENTUWENHUADERONGHEJINGLILEYIGEJIANNANDEGUOCHENG。ZUOWEIBENTUWENHUAZHULIUDERUJIA,YUFOJIAOBAOCHIZHEWEIMIAOGUANXI。TAMENSUIRANZAISIXIANGDEZHANCHANGSHANGZHANKAIJIAOLIANG,DANSHIYEBICIJIEJIANYITIANBUZISHENLILUNDEQUEXIAN。RUJIAZHISHIFENZIYINWEILISHIXINGSHI、GUANFANGZHENGCE、SIXIANGGUANNIAN、ZHISHIJIEGOU、SHENFENDIWEI、RENSHENGJINGLIDENGYUANYIN,DUIRUFOGUANXIBAOCHIZHEDUOYANGDELICHANG,TICHULE“SANJIAOHEYI”“SANJIAOGONGTONG”“PIERSHI,ZUNKONGMENG”DENGJIONGYIDEXUESHUGUANDIAN。ZAIZHUDUOXUESHUGUANDIANZHONG,CHIRUJIABENWEIDEZHISHIFENZILIZURUJIAPIBOFOJIAO,ZHIDEGUANZHU。RUJIAZHISHIFENZITONGGUOPIPANFOJIAO,ZHUBUTIANBURUJIAZHISHITIXIDEQIANQUE,SHIRUXUEGENGJUJIANRONGXINGYUSHENGMINGLI。ZHONGTANGDEHANYU、LIAOKEYISHUOSHIPIPANFOJIAODEDAIBIAO。MIANDUI“FOJIAOFENGMIYUQUANSHEHUI,SHENTOUDAOGEGELINGYU,CHANSHENGLEGUANGFANYINGXIANG”[1]1,HANYU、LIAOSHENGCHENGCHUANCHENGSHENGRENDAOTONG,DUIFOJIAOJIAYITAFA。HANYU《YUANDAO》YI《MENGZI·GONGSUNCHOUSHANG》“JUYANGMO”ZHILUNZUOWEIFANDUIFOJIAODESIXIANGZIYUAN,GOULECHUYAOZHIMENGZIDE“DAOTONG”PUXI,ZHICHUYINXUNZI、YANGXIONGZHITUBUNENGCHUANCHENGRUJIA“DAOTONG”,SHIDEHANYIHOUFOJIAODENGYIDUANFANLAN。ERLIAOZESHITUYI《ZHONGYONG》DESIBIANXINGHUIYINGDANGSHIFOJIAOWEIMIAOYURUJIADEPINGLUN。TADE《FUXINGSHU》TICHU《ZHONGYONG》WANBENWEISISHIQIPIANDEGUANDIAN,RENWEI《ZHONGYONG》SISHIQIPIANYOUKONGZIYIZHICHUANZHIZHANGUOGONGSUNCHOU、WANZHANGDENGREN,HOUCANZAOQINFENSHUZHIHUOERJINCUNLINJIAOYU《LIJI》,ANSHIRUJIAYUANBENYIJUYOURUFOJIAOYIYANGWANZHENGDEXINXINGLUNJIEGOU,XUEZHEKEYIYIKAOXIANCUNRUJIAJINGDIANQUHUIFUTA。HANYU、LIAOYUNYONG《MENGZI》《ZHONGYONG》DENGRUJIAJINGDIANZIYUANJINXING“PIFO”,ZHIJIEHUIYINGTANGDAINIFOZHIFENG,BUJINZHENGQULEBUSHAOZHITONGDAOHEZHE,ERQIECUCHENGLERUXUETIXIDEBUDUANWANSHAN。TAMENDESIXIANGCHENGGUOYINGXIANGLESONGDAISHIJIE、ERCHENG、ZHANGZAI、ZHUXI,MINGDAIWANGYANGMING、HAOJING、FENGCONGWU、GAOPANLONG,QINGDAICHENQUE、YAOJIHENGDENGZHISHIFENZI。

              牛牛游戏厅安卓,{原始关键词}   HAOJINGSHENGHUODEWANMINGSHIQIYUZHONGTANGFOJIAOFANLANDELISHIJUYOUXIANGSIXING。WANMINGFOJIAOZAIRUFOJIAOFENGZHONGQUDELEYOUSHI,RUJIAZHENGTONGSIXIANGDEQUANWEIRIYIXUERUO。CONGFOJIAOJIAODUKAOLIANG,MINGDAIFOJIAOGUANZHUTUIGUANGYUSHIJIAN,QISHILISHENTOUDAOMINJIAN,BINGDUISHEHUISIXIANGCHANSHENGLEZHONGYAOYINGXIANG。XUEZHEDUICIBAOCHIGONGSHI,DOUQIANGDIAOWANMINGFOJIAOZHUBUSHISUHUADUIZHENGGEMINGDAISHEHUICHANSHENGJUDAYINGXIANG,MUTIANDILIANG《ZHONGGUOFOJIAOSHI》ZHICHUWANMINGFOJIAOGUANZHUZHONGXINXIAYI,CHENGWEI“SHUMINDEFOJIAO”[2]74;ZHOUQI《MINGDAIFOJIAOYUZHENGZHIWENHUA》RENWEIMINGDAIHOUQIFOJIAOCHANGDAO“RUSHIRONGTONGYIZHENGQUSHIJIECENG”[3]102,FAZHAN“JINGTUXINYANGDENGYIYINGDEMINSUSHEHUI,KUODAXINZHONGZHICHI”[3]102,ZOUXIANG“SHIJIECENGHEMINSUSHEHUI”[3]102。CONGRUJIAJIAODULAISHUO,FOJIAOCHANGCHIXIYINLEYIDAPISHIREN,ERRUJIAZHENYINGQUEXIANGYINGJIANRUO。PIXIRUI《JINGXUELISHI》RENWEI“LUNSONGYUANMINGSANCHAOZHIJINGXUE,YUANBUJISONG,MINGYOUBUJIYUAN”[4]283,BINGCHENGMINGDAIJINGXUEBUWEI“DAOQIE”[4]278,ZEWEI“XINQIMIULI”[4]278,YIZHI“WUJINGSAODI”[4]278。PIXIRUIZHANZAIXUESHUSHIDEJIAODUDUIMINGDAIRUJIAZHANKAIFANSHENG,TASHUJIMINGDAIRUXUEHUOCHENCHENXIANGYIN,DUOZHUSHOUCHENGZHULIXUEERWUSUOFAMING,HUOYUXIANRULIYI、YOUYISICHENGERXUESHUGUANDIANGUAIDAN,ZHICHUMINGDAIRUXUEZAOYULEQIANSUOWEIYOUDEWEIJI。

              牛牛游戏厅安卓,{原始关键词}   YUMUTIANDILIANG、ZHOUQI、PIXIRUIDENGHOUSHIXUERENXIANGBI,HAOJINGYINSHENCHUYUMINGDAISIXIANGDACHAO,QITIHUIGENGJIAZHENQIE。《XIAOSHANCAO·BAOYEHUANGYANGDAOZUN》YUE:“JINSHENGXUEJILIAO,BAISHIFENGWU,ERFUTUSHIYOUWEICHANGJUE。”[5]116SHANGLANHAOJINGCONGSIXIANGJIEDEZHENGTIZHUANGKUANGCHUFA,SHENMINGRUXUEDUZUNDIWEIBEICUIHUIDAOZHIRENMENZAIDUOYUANDESIXIANGXIAQUEFAYOUXIAODEJIAZHIYINDAO,CHUXIANLERUTONGZHANGUOSHICHUSHIHENGYI、GECHENGQISHUODELUANXIANG。HAOJINGJINYIBUCONGSHEHUIRENQUNDESIXIANGZHUANGKUANG、SHIRENDEWENHUAHUODONG、GUOJIARENCAIDEXUANBASANGEFANGMIANSHENSHUFOJIAODE“CHANGJUE”。CONGSHEHUIRENQUNERYAN,“WULUNJINSHENXIANSHENG,HUANCHENGJIEZU,TANKONGSHUOKU,NANQINGJINXIAOZI,CENGDENGXUEBU,ERYIYANBOGUIJU,BENQUZUODAO”[5]116SHANGLAN,HAOJINGSHENJIRUJIAZHENGTONGSIXIANGSHOUDAOHUSHI,GEGENIANLINGJIEDUANDERENPUBIANQIANXINFOJIAOERHUSHIRUSHU。JIUWENHUAHUODONGLAIKAN,HAOJINGSHUSHUO“WULUNHANMOYOUXI,ZHUOCHENQINGTAN,KUAPIYINGUO,SUILIUJINGSISHUBOSHIZHIYI,ERYIQIANSHUAISHANJIE”[5]116XIALAN,TONGXINYUXUERENWENXUECHUANGZUO、JIAOYOUYANTAOSHANGDEFOLIHUAQINGXIANG。TAYOUQIBUNENGRENSHOUFOJIAODUIGUOJIAXUANBARENCAIDEKEJUKAOSHIZHISHENTOU,QIYAN“SUIZHUSICHIHENG,SHILUCHENGWEN,YIJIEMIANKONGMENG,JISHOUJUTAN”[5]116XIALAN,BUMANYUCHENGMOWENZHANGYANGRUYINFODELICHANG。CONGSHANGSHUCAILIAOKEYIDECHUHAOJINGDEJIBENPANDUAN:RUXUEYINWEICHUANCHENGZHECHUXIANLEWENTIERMEILUO。YUSHIHAOJINGYIZHONGZHENRUXUEWEIJIREN,TONGGUOJIEDURUJIAYILI、BIANXIRUFOGUANXIDENGYIXILIEXINGWEI,QIANGDIAO“PIFO”DEZHONGYAOXING,XIJISHISHEHUIZHONGGUIYULILEWENMING。

                二、郝敬对佛教的批判

              牛牛游戏厅安卓,{原始关键词}   RUJIACHUANTONGJINRUNXIACHENGZHANGQILAIDEZHISHIFENZITONGCHANGCHIYOUYIRUSHENGFODEGUANNIAN,SHIRUJIAXUESHUOWEIZHENGTONGERSHIFOJIAOWEIYIDUAN,TAMENCHANGYOU“PIFO”DEGONGSHI。TANGSONGYILAIHANYU、ERCHENG、SHIJIE、ZHANGZAI、ZHUXI、WANGYANGMINGDENGRUJIAXUEZHE,CONGSHISHI、YILI、JINGSHENXINYANGDENGZHUDUOFANGMIANDUIFOJIAOJINXINGLEPIPAN,YOU“PIFO”ERBUDUANDUIRUXUEJINXINGLEWANSHAN,XINGCHENG“DAOXUE”“LIXUE”“XINXUE”DENGDUOZHONGRUJIAZHISHIJIEGOU,WEIHOUSHITIGONGLEBANGYANG。HAOJINGCONGQIANDAIXUEZHEDE“PIFO”SHIJIANZHONGJIQULEDALIANGJINGYAN,ERYOUBIEJUYIGE,YOUSUOXINBIAN。

                (一)辨佛教之蹈袭

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                1.正本清源,以时为据

                《YIJING》WEIZHONGGUOWENHUADEZHONGYAOZAITI,XUEZHEMENYIBANRENWEITADEGUA、TUANCI、YAOCI、CHUANFENBIEWEIFUXI、WENWANG、ZHOUGONG、KONGZISUOZUO。ZHUZIRENWEIZHEISIGEBUFENJINGLILEZHUJIANWANSHANDEGUOCHENG,GEBUXIANGTONG,“GUXUE《YI》ZHEXUJIANG《YI》GEZIKAN,FUXI《YI》ZIZUOFUXI《YI》KAN……WENWANG《YI》ZIZUOWENWANG《YI》KAN,KONGZI《YI》ZIZUOKONGZI《YI》KAN,YUQIANHEZUOYIKANBUDE”[7]2182。ERHAOJINGZEZHONGSHENBUTONGYUZHUZIDE“SISHENGTONGYI”[8]737XIALANSHUO,RENWEI《YIJING》HEXINYILIYIBEIYUFUXI、WENWANG,ZHOUGONG、KONGZIJIUFUXI、WENWANGCHANFABUXIANZHICHU,ERSUOYANYILIFUCHUQIANSHENGFANWEI。HAOJINGDEZHEIGELUNDINGJIANGOULEYIZHONGZAISHIJIANSHANGRUXIANFOHOUDESHISHI,WEITA“PIFO”TIGONGLEYIJU,CONGLUOJISHANGQUERENLEFOJIAODAOXIRUJIASIXIANGDEKENENGXING。

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                HAOJINGRENWEI《WUWANG》ZHI“SHENG”,《XICISHANG》ZHI“GUAN”“XIANG”ZUOWEIXIWENYILIUXIADESIXIANGZIYUAN,QIXINGCHENGSHIJIANYUANZAOYUFOJIAOXIANGYINGDE“KONGMUNIEHUA”“HUAN、MENG、PAO、YING、LU、DIAN”“REN、WO、ZHONGSHENG、SHOUZHE”DENGGUANDIAN,ERZHEYILIXIANGSIZHICHUXIANWEIFOJIAODUIRUJIAOXIQU(YOUSHIFOJIAOQIEQURUJIAOYILILAICHANSHUBUTONGGUANDIAN,ZOUXIANGRUJIAODEFANMIAN),ERHOUSHIRUJIAOQUEBUJINXINGZHENGBENQINGYUAN,CONGERZAIRUFOJIAOFENGZHONGBAIXIAZHENLAI。

                2.以儒为本,深核义理

                “FOJIAODAOXIRUJIAYILI”SHIHAOJINGJIEJINGSUOCHIYOUDEJIBENTAIDU。ZHEICUSHIHAOJINGTONGGUOFANXIANGWAJUERUJIAYILI,JINERFUYULERUJIAYILIJINGDIANFENGFUDERENWENNEIHAN。HAOJINGBAOYOUJIDADEWENHUAZIXIN,TICHULEJIBENYUSHE:TASHENMINGFOJIAOBENWEIWAILAIZONGJIAO,WENZI、YUYANYUZHONGGUOBUTONG;FOJIAODIANJIHANYIDEGUOCHENGZHONG,BUJINSHIYONGZHONGGUODEWENZI、YUYAN,YEXIQURUJIASIXIANG。QIYAN:“SHUQIYILAI,LIESHENGXIANGCHUAN,ZHEZHIDIANJIYIJIU,ERFOJIAOZIXIYULAI,YANYUBUTONG。WUZHONGGUOHAOSHIZHITUQIEWUSHENGRENWENZI,JIAWEIYUANSHI,GUFOSHUSHAOXUNYAZHE,JIELIUJINGZHIYUXU,QIPANGZABILI,ZEZHU?ZHILOUSHUOYE。”[5]18XIALANHAOJINGPIPING“WUZHONGGUOHAOSHIZHITU”“YUANWEIJIASHI”,RANGFOJIAOZHIJIEDEYIWANSHANZISHENYILI,JINERWEIXIEDAORUJIADEDIWEI。

              牛牛游戏厅安卓,{原始关键词}   《LUNYUXIANGJIE·LIREN》“ZIYUE:BURENZHEBUKEYIJIUCHUYUE,BUKEYIZHANGCHULE。RENZHEANREN,ZHIZHELIREN”YIJIE,HAOJINGSHUSHI:“FANSHENGRENYANRENJIANZHI,FEIZHIZEMINGWAN,HEYINENGREN?BURENZESHIQING,HEYICHENGZHI?SHENGXUEZHIXINGCHENGMINGHE,《ZHONGYONG》SUOYIYAN‘XIANWEI’YE。FOSHIDAOXI‘AN’WEI‘DING’、‘ZHI’WEI‘HUI’,ZHIHUIPOFANNAO,JIRENZHICHUYUELE,ERRUZHEFANBUDA,JU《BIAOJI》‘ANLIQIANG’WEISANDENG,QISHIRENZHIWUER,WUKEQIANSHENZHILIYANYE。”[9]123XIALANHAOJINGJIZHONGTAOLUNLE“REN”“ZHI”“YUE”“LE”DENGGAINIANJIQIGUANXI。TASHENSHU《LUNYU》“RENZHEANREN,ZHIZHELIREN”SUOYANZHIRENSHIJIANZHIERYANDE,ERDAISHENG《BIAOJI》QUEZUANJIWEI“RENZHEANREN,ZHIZHELIREN,WEIZUIZHEQIANGREN”[10]716,YI“AN”“LI”“QIANG”FENPEIWEI“REN”“ZHI”“WEIZUI”SANZHONGRENDECHUSHICUOSHI,GELIELE“REN”“ZHI”DELIANGUANXING。HAOJINGRENWEI“REN”“ZHI”SHIRENNEIZAIDEXINLINGHUODONG、“YUELE”DAIBIAORENDESHIJIAN,JIANJIZHIXING,ER《BIAOJI》DE“REN”“ZHI”“WEIZUI”HUAFENBARENNEIZAIDEXINLINGHUODONGJUELIEKAILAI,DAOZHIBUNENGYU“YUELE”XIANGDUIYING;YU《BIAOJI》XIANGBI,FOJIAOQUEDAOXI“RENZHEANREN”ZHI“AN”WEI“DING”,“ZHIZHELIREN”ZHI“ZHI”WEI“HUI”,TONGGUO“FANNAO”“YUELE”DETONGYITIHUANTICHU“ZHIHUIPOFANNAO”ZHISHUO。HAOJINGPIPAN《BIAOJI》BUMINGRUJIAYILI,ZHILI“RENZHI”WEIER,YOUCIBUNENGLINGHUI“RENZHICHUYUELE”DENEIHAN,ANSHIHOUSHIRUJIAZHI“BUDA”JIFOJIAOJURUJIAYILIWEIJIYOUYIKECHENGZHIJI。

              牛牛游戏厅安卓,{原始关键词}   HAOJINGYIFOJIAODAOXIRUJIAZUOWEIQI“PIFO”DELILUN,WUYIDUIFOJIAODEFAZHANHEYANHUA、YILINEIHANQUEFASHENRULEJIE。HAOJINGYIXI、WENHUAGUAXIYAOZUOWEIRUJIACHANSHENGDEQIYUAN,YIRUFOYILIXIANGSIZHICHUWEIFOXIQURUDOUTINGLIUZAIZHUGUANDEPANDUANZHISHANG,QUEFAXIANGSHIDEKAOJUZHICHENG;ERQIEHAOJINGHUSHIRUFOCUNZAIGONGTONGXING,SHIZHIWEIJIERANBUTONGDEWENHUAFANSHI,YOUWUDUANZHIXIAN;TONGSHI,HAOJINGWEIQUZHUIJIUMINGDAIFOJIAOXINGSHENGDEXIANSHIYINSU,YIMEIYOUKANDAOFOJIAOZAISHISUHUAGUOCHENGZHONGDUIZISHENYILIJINXINGDEXIUDING,ZHEIXIEDOUSHIHAOJING“PIFO”DESHUSHIZHICHU。RANER,HAOJING“PIFO”FANSILEWANMINGSIXIANGJIEHUNXIAORUFO、YIFOSHENGRUDENGGUANNIAN,TIXIANLEWANLIMONIANGUOSHIRISHUAISHIZHISHIFENZIDUI“XINGERSHANG”DEYANJUAN,FUYOUSHENHOUDERENWENJINGSHEN。HAOJINGSHITUCHANGDAORUJIALUNLIYIYINGDUIFOJIAODEQINXI,HUANXINGSHEHUI,GUANZHUXIANSHI,SHENKEYINGXIANGLEMINGQINGZHIJIDEXUEZI,RUYIJINGQINGYINQI“JIEJINGJILIFANQIANAN,PIFOPOXINMINSHIWAN”[11]594XIALAN,YOUYIBENLANGCHENGZAN “SHANGSHUDIZIHAOJINGSHAN,BOFOQIANYANKEDINGWAN”[11]597SHANGLAN,JUNYIHAOJING“PIFO”ZUOWEIBANGYANG。HAOJINGZHIZHUZHANGZUOWEIMINGQINGZHIJIXUEREN“PIERSHI”DEDAIBIAOXINGCHANGSHI,DUIMINGQINGZHIJISIXIANGJIECHANSHENGLEYIDINGYINGXIANG。WANMINGFOJIAOXINGSHENGSHITOUTANHUAYIXIAN,HAOJINGDENULIHUOWEIQICUCHENGYINSUZHIYI。

                (二)视佛为异端

                HAOJINGSHIFOWEIYIDUAN,ZHICHUQILILUNYUXIANSHIJUYOUSHENKEDEMAODUN,BINGYIRUJIADAOTONGZIREN,YOU“FUTU”“SANGMEN”ZHIMINGERQIUQISHI,BINGSHENJIFOJIAOWEI“YIDI”ZHICHAN,CONG“MINGSHIZHIBIAN”HE“HUAYIZHIBIAN”LIANGFANGMIANCHENGQINGFOJIAODE“YIDUAN”XINGZHI。

              牛牛游戏厅安卓,{原始关键词}   MINGSHIZHIBIANSHIRUJIAGUANZHUDEZHONGYAONEIRONG,“MINGBUZHENG,ZEYANBUSHUN;YANBUSHUN,ZESHIBUCHENG”[12]133-134。KONGZITICHU“JUNJUN,CHENCHEN,FUFU,ZIZI”[12]128DENGZHENGMINGSIXIANG,QIANGDIAOYIMINGZHENGSHI。HAOJINGDUIKONGMENGSIXIANGYOUJIDARENTONG,TAZIYAN“YUJIEKONGSHIZHICHUAN”[13]785SHANGLAN,QI《JIUJINGJIE》“YI《LUNYU》ERSHIPIANWEIZONG,YIXIAODI、ZHONGXIN、HAOXUE、SHIXIWEIRUMEN……《MENGZI》QIPIANWEIFUYI”[13]785SHANGLAN。QI“PIFO”YIYINJIKONGZIDEMINGSHIGUANNIAN,YIZHIZUOWEIZIJIDELILUNJICHU。HAOJINGYITUYIFOZHIMINGZHENGFOZHISHI,CONGFOJIAODEMINGCHENGRUSHOUDUIQIZHANKAIPIPAN。《BOFOSHU》YUN:“FOTUOBENMINGFUTU,WEIQIFUYUTUSHAYE。SANGMENBENMINGSANGMEN,WEIQIWEISISANGZHIMENYE。ZIYUNCIBEI,QISHICANREN”[5]7SHANG-XIALAN,FENBIECAIYONGYIXUN、YINXUNDUIFOJIAOJINXINGDINGXING。HAOJINGSIHUYOUYIHUIBILE“FOTU”“SANGMEN”JINSHIFANWENHANYINDECHANGSHI,ERCAIYONGYIXUNJIE“FUTU”ZHI“TU”WEITUSHA,BINGYUNYONGYINXUNSHI“SANGMEN”ZHI“SANG”WEI“SANG”,ZHIMINGFOJIAOJUYOU“TU”“SANG”ZHIMING,RENWEICONGCIMINGZHONGKEKUIDEQI“SHI”ZHIYIER,JI“TUSHA”“SISANG”。HAOJINGYIYIZHONGJIEJINMANMADEFANGSHIBIANCHIFOJIAOBUGUANXINRENJIANSHIWU,BAFOMENSHIWEI“SISANG”HUIQIZHIMEN,SHIFODECHUANJIAOZHIXINGDANGZUO“TUSHA”SHENGLINGZHIXING,SHENJIFOJIAOWEIHUIMIERENLUN、KONGTANWANGXIANGDEZONGJIAO。CONGMINGSHIZHIBIANZHONG,TADUIFOJIAODEYANEYINRANKEJIAN。

                HAOJINGLIZUYUHUAXIAYUYIDIWENHUAZHIBIE,YI“HUAYIZHIBIAN”DEJIAODUDUIFOJIAOYILIJINXINGTANJIU。QIYUN:“GAIFOBENYIDI,WUZHUXIALIYIWENZI,GUNENGJUEXUEWUWEI,YINIANHUAWEIXIAO,DANZHIBANGHEWEIXINYIN。WUJUNCHEN、FUZI、FUFU、XIONGDI、PENGYOU,GUNENGKUNSHOUXINGQI,QIQINLIJIA,JUEZHONGLEI,DUANENAI,YIWEIXIUXING。FANTIANZHIDAO,FURENZHIQING……RUCIERKEYICHUSHI,CHENGTIANRENDAOSHI,MIAOSHENZONGCHI,XIYOUSHIZUN,ZEPAOXI、SHENNONGZHUSHENGRENJIEWEIXUSHENG。KAIWUCHENGWU,QIANMINLIYONG,JIEWEIDUOSHI……YINIANBUSHENG,WEIQINGJINGFAJIE,LIUGENBUDONG,WEIJILEGUOTU,RUSHIZELILEXINGZHENGKEWUYONG,ZONGMIAOCHAOTINGKEWUSHE,CHENGKUOGONGSHIKEWUYINGJIAN,JIANGSHUIJINGYU,HEBIPINGZHI?”[5]29SHANG-XIALANTAZHICHUFOJIAOCHANSHENGYUYIDI,BENWEIYIDIDELILUNXUESHUO,QIJIBENYAOSUJIANLIZAIYIDIDEWENHUAKUANGJIAZHIXIA,BUZUWEIHUAXIAXUERENQUFA。HAOJINGCONGLIANGGEFANGMIANPOUXIFOJIAODEYIDIHUATEZHENG:YIZEYIDIWENHUALUOHOU,WUZHONGGUOZHIYILI、WENZI,GUYIDIWENHUAHUANJINGZHONGCHANSHENGDEFOJIAOXUESHUOZHUZHANG“JUEXUEWUWEI”,QIANGDIAO“NIANHUAWEIXIAO”“DANZHIBANGHE”DENGPIANSHANGYIXIADEXIUYANGFANGFA;ERZEYIDIHUSHIRENDESHEHUIXING、YIQILUNWU,WUJUNCHEN、FUZI、XIONGDI、FUFU、PENGYOUDENGSHEHUILUNLI,QIXING“KUNSHOUXINGQI,QIQINLIJIA,JUEZHONGLEI,DUANENAI”。HAOJINGJINERDIANMINGFOJIAOXUESHUODEZHONGZHONGJIAZHIQUXIANGYUHUAXIADELILEWENMINGCUNZAIJIANRUICHONGTU,SHENSHURUOSHENWEIHUAXIAZHIRENERZUNXINYIDIZHIJIAO,JIUYIWEIZHEFOUDINGHUAXIAYOUXIUDEWENHUACHUANTONG。HAOJINGYIJIFENGDEYUQIDUIFOJIAO“CHUSHI”DESHIJIEGUANJINXINGLEPIPAN,BINGTICHUYIWEN:RUOYI“CHUSHI”WEIZUIZHONGDEJIAZHIQUXIANG,NEIMEPAOXI、SHENNONGZHUSHENGRENZHIKAIWUCHENGWUDEGONGYESHIFOUSHIXUWUDE?DAYUZHISHUI、ZHOUGONGZHILIZUOLEDENGGONGXUNSHIFOUJIUYINGDANGBUBEIZHONGSHI?HAOJINGXINLIZAOYOUDAAN,TASHENMINGQIANSHENGYI“RUSHI”WEIZHIXIANGKAICHUANGDEGONGYEWEIHUAXIAWENMINGDEYANXUDIANDINGLEJICHU,XINGCHENGLEHUAXIAMINZUSHANGSHI、ZHONGJINGSHIDERENWENCHUANTONG;ERYIDISHANGSHUMANHUANGWEIKAI,WEIYOUSHENGRENKAIWUCHENGWUZHIGONGZUOWEIYINDAO,GUFOJIAOPIANSHANGYIXIADEXIUYANGFANGFA、“CHUSHI”DESHIJIEGUANNENGDAXINGQIDAO。

              牛牛游戏厅安卓,{原始关键词}   HAOJINGZHICHUFOJIAOZUOWEIYIZHONGYIZHIWENHUA,QISIXIANGLAIYUANHEXIUYANGFANGSHIDOUBUYURUXUEXIANGTONG,BUYINGDANGBEIHUAXIAXUERENQUFA。TATONGGUODUIFOJIAOSIXIANGLAIYUANHEXIUYANGFANGSHIDERENZHI,JINYIBUFANQIUZHURUXUEBENSHEN,DUIQIANRUDEJINGSHUCHANSHUOFANGSHIYIJISONGMINGLIXUEDEXIUYANGFANGFAJINXINGLEFANSI,TICHULE“PIFO”DEFANGAN。ZHEIGEFANGANBUJINSHIFANGSHI,YESHIMUDE,XIANLULEHAOJINGYIKONGMENGWEIZUNDEJIAZHIQUSHE。

                三、郝敬“辟佛”之旨归

              牛牛游戏厅安卓,{原始关键词}   ZHENDUIDANGSHIFOSHENGRUDESIXIANGFENGQI,HAOJINGYIXIUFURUJIANEIBUQUEXIANDEFANGSHIJINXINGLEHUIYING。HAOJING“PIFO”HUODONGDEZUIZHONGZHIGUISHIWEILEWANCHENGRUXUEDE“DANGDAIXINGZHUANHUAN”,YUMENGZIYIRENYIZHISHUOWEIJICHU“YUYANG、MOBIAN”[14]306JUYOUXIANGSIXING。HAOJINGTEWEICITICHU“FANJING”ZHISHUO,ZUO《MENGZIHAOBIANJIE》。MENGZIYAN“NAISUOYUANZEXUEKONGZI”[14]59,YIKONGZIZUOWEIBIAOGANTANQIUWANGDAO,HAOJINGSHENGMINGTAHUIGUI《LUNZI》《MENGZI》DENGYUANDIANJIQUJINGSHIZIYUAN,ZUNXUNLEKONGZI、MENGZIDENGSHENGRENJIUSHIDESILU。HAOJINGFENBIECONGRUJIAJINGDIANZHIJINGYI、LIXUEDEXIUYANGFANGSHICHUFAYIJIEJUERUJIACUNZAIDEWENTI,CHENGXIANWEIYIZHONGFANBENKAIXINDEFANGSHI。

                (一)经书的阐说方式

              牛牛游戏厅安卓,{原始关键词}   LIWEIZHENCENGPINGJIAHAOJING《JIUJINGJIE》“BINGHANRUZHIJIEJINGXIANGYUBOWUERSHIZHIWU,SONGRUZHIJIEJINGXIANGYUSHUOYIERSHIZHIZAO”[8]728SHANGLAN,KEJIANHAOJINGSHIZHETUPOHANSONGJIEJINGDEJUXIAN。HAOJINGCONGDUOGEFANGMIANZUOCHUNULI,TARENWEIHANSONGRUJIADUIJINGSHUDECHANSHUOFANGSHIBUNENGCHANJINSHENGDAOZHIYOUWEI,CONGERZAOCHENGLEZAIFOJIAOCHONGJIXIADEKUIBAI。HAOJINGDEJINGSHUCHANSHUOCHENGXIANCHUXITONGHUA、YITIHUADEJIAGOU,QIYUN:“WUDUSHU,NEITIZHISHENXIN,WAICANZHIJINGCHUAN,JINGCHUANBUHE,YOUNEIFANZHISHENXIN,FENGSHENGRENWENXINGBOYUEZHIJIAO。”[5]6XIALAN“JINGCHUAN”,JIWEIHANRU、SONGRUDUIJINGSHUDECHANSHUO。HAOJINGBINGBURUDUOSHUYUANMINGXUEZHEFENGHANSONGJINGSHUOWEIKETIAO,ERZHIMINGJINGSHUCHANSHUOYAOCONGRENQINGCHUFA,“TIZHUSHENXIN”,ZHEIYESHIQI《JIUJINGJIE》CHENGSHUDENEIZAILUOJIYUBIANZHUANYUANZE。

                HAOJINGYIRENQINGWEIJICHUJIEDUJINGDIAN,JIUZHENGQIANRUZHIWUSHUO,FAMINGQIZHONGDERENWENJINGSHEN。《ZHOULIWANJIE》ZHUYAOZHENDUIZHENGXUANDEWUJIEZHONGXINCHANFA。HAOJINGYUN:“JIUPIN,ZHANGJIUYUZHIGUAN,GAIQUZHUJIUGONGRENCHIZHANGERXIANZHECHONGZHI。YUEPIN,YANQIXIANKEBINYE……ZHENGXUANJIELIJIQIFUHUI,WEIJINYUZHIFA,BANYUEYIZHOU,DAOCHIHUIYIN,DAWEILIJINGZHIDU,ERFURUCHONGXIN,KEGUAIYE。”[15]161XIALANHAOJINGYIRUJIAJIENVSEDEJIAODUCHUFA,SHENMINGJIUPINJINWEIZHANGGUANHOUGONGSHIWUDENVGUAN,ERFEIJUNZHUDEQIESHU。ZHENGXUANYIRIYUEDENGTIANXIANGBIFUJIUPINJINYUJUNWANG,XINGCHENGLEYITAOTIANRENGANYINGJIESHUOTIXI,QIYAN:“ZIJIUPINYIXIA,JIUJIUERYUYUWANGSUO。JIUPINZHE……SHIYIJIAONVYUYE。JIAOGELVQISHU,SHIYIJIUJIUXIANGYUCONGYUWANGSUOXIZHIYANQIN。”[16]192ZHENGXUANSHIJIUPINWEIJUNWANGDEHOUGONGZUCHENGRENYUAN,FUZEZHANGGUANJUNWANGDEHOUGONGSIRENSHENGHUO。HAOJINGXIANRANBURENTONGZHENGXUANZHISHUO,TAZHICHUZHENGXUANZHISHUOJIGUZHIWANGZHEMENGSHANGXUANYINBAILIXINGXIANG,BUSITIANZISUOWEI,SHI“LIJINGZHIDU”。TAZHUZHANGYIRENQINGLAIKANDAI“JIUPIN”DEWENTI:“GUZHIWANGZHEGONGJINQINGYUE,NEIWUYUANNV,RENQINGYOUYI,QIRUHOUSHIXUANYINBAIDU,HOUGONGQIANREN,YOUHUIERSHANGTIANHEZHEYU?”[15]163SHANGLANSHENSHURENDAORUTIANDAO,ZHILISHEHUIYINGSHINANNVHUNPEIDESHI,RUOYOUCHUDALIANGHOUGONGJIALIHUIDAOZHISHEHUINANNVBILISHIDIAO,YOUHUNYINBUSHIYINGXIANGDAOJIATINGZUJIAN,JINERBULIYUZHENGZHIWENDING。YOU,《SHANGSHUBIANJIE》YIRENQINGJIAODUTANQIUZHOUGONGDUIYINSHIDETAIDU,YUN:“RANZEGONGEYINSHIHU?YUE:‘FOU。ZHONGCHENYISHI,GONGJINGERJINZHI,GUYUE‘YUWEILVSIJINER’。CHENBUWANGJUN,ZIBUWANGFU,CITIANZHISUOYILIMING,RENZHISUOYILIXINYE。TIANMINGYOUXINGWANG,RENXINYOUSHUNNI,SHENGRENYOUWEIDE,XINGHUZHIGONG,YOUHUDASHUN,YIDIJIETONG,HEEZHIYOU?’‘RANZEWEIZHIYINWAN,HEYE?’YUE:‘CIFEIGONGZHIYANYE。’《KONGSHU·JUNCHEN》YUE‘WUFENJIYUWAN’,《BIMING》YUE‘BIYINWANMIN,QIANYULUOYI,《XU》YUE‘CHENGZHOUJICHENG,QIANYINWANMIN’。《XU》YU《KONGSHU》,JIEFEIGUYE。RUO《KANGGAO》《JIUGAO》《LUOGAO》《DUOSHI》《DUOFANG》,HECHANGYOUCIYU?”[17]222SHANG-XIALANZHOUGONGSHIFOUCHENGYINSHIWEIWANMINWENTISHI《SHANGSHU》GUANZHUDEHEXIN。《SHANGSHUZHENGYI》《SHUJICHUAN》DENGDAIBIAOHANXUE、SONGXUEDEZHEZUOJIERENWEIZHOUGONGYOUCHENGYINSHIWEIWANMIN,ZHEIJIUXIANRULESHIRENGAI“ZHONGJIUJUN”HAISHI“ZHONGXINJUN”DELUNLIKUNJING。HAOJINGZHICHU《SHANGSHU》ZHONGDE“WANMIN”WEI《JUNCHEN》《BIMING》《SHUXIAOXU》DENGWEIPIANJIZAI,ER《JINWENSHANGSHU》ZHUPIANZEWANQUANMEIYOU“WANMIN”ZHICHENG,ER《DUOSHI》ZHONGGENGYOU“YUWEILVSIJINER”ZHIYU,ZUJIANZHOUGONGJIQINPEIQIZHONGXIN,QUEYOUXIQIBUNENGWEIZHOUSUOYONG,POWEITONGQINGYINSHIDEZAOYU;YIJUNCHENZHIQINGQIERU,CAIQUYIZHONGYIYUHANRU、SONGRUDEFANGSHIDUI“WANMIN”JINXINGJIEDU,TICHULEJIAOHANRU、SONGRUGENGHELIDEJIESHI。

              牛牛游戏厅安卓,{原始关键词}   HAOJING《JIUJINGJIE》TONGGUORENQINGFAJUEJINGSHUDAYISUICHUKEJIAN。《MAOSHIYUANJIE》ZUNCONGYU“SHIRENZHIZHI”,ZHUZHONGQINGGANHAIYUAN,FANDUIZHUZIGAIXU;《CHUNQIUZHIJIE》ZHICHUSANCHUANDUOBAOJIANGQIHUAN、JINWENZHIYAN,ERQIHUAN、JINWENDUOYOUBUCHENZHISHI,JINERSHENSHUOSANCHUANWEIZHANGUOZONGHENGJIAZHIYAN。HAOJINGYIRENQINGWEIJICHUDEJINGSHUCHANSHUOFANGSHIQIAOMIAOHUIYINGLEWANMING“QING”“LI”GUANXIDETAOLUN,TUXIANLE“QINGJILI”SIXIANGGUANNIANDEJIAZHI。

                (二)知行并重的修养方法

                QIANMUYAN:“《YU》《MENG》《XUE》《YONG》SISHUBINGZHONG,SHISHIBEISONG。ERSISHUZHIZHENGSHIJIEJI,ZECHENGYUZHUZI。”[18]201ZHUZITONGGUOJIEJISISHUKAIPILEYI“SISHU”WEIZHONGXINDEJINGXUETIXI,《DAXUE》《ZHONGYONG》DEDIWEIYOUCITISHENG。ZAICITIXIZHONG,《DAXUE》《ZHONGYONG》BEIFENBIEDINGYIWEI“CHUXUERUDEZHIMEN”[19]3YU“KONGMENCHUANSHOUXINFA”[19]17,SHENKEYINGXIANGLENANSONGYIHOUDEXUESHUJIE。ERDAOMINGDAIZHONGWANQIZHIHOU,YIWANGYANGMINGCHANG《DAXUE》GUBENWEIFENJIE,ZHUXIJIANLIDE“SISHU”TIXIDEQUANWEIDIWEIZHUJIANWAJIE。XUEJIEFENFENDUI《DAXUE》《ZHONGYONG》JINXINGJIEGOU,HAOJINGJISHIQIZHONGZHIYI。HAOJINGZHUZHANGZHIXINGBINGZHONG,RENWEISONGRUDUI“XING”DEHUSHIHUNXIAOLERUFOJIEXIAN,WEIRUBUSHENGFOMAIXIAYINHUAN,JIERPIBOZHUZI《DAXUE》《ZHONGYONG》KONGXUANYUZHI,BINGJIEZHONGGUI《DAXUE》《ZHONGYONG》YU《LIJI》,QIANGDIAO“LI”WEI“LV”,FUYUQISHIJIANZHIXIANG。

                HAOJING《ZHONGYONGZONGLUN》YUE:“ZISIYOULIJIAORISHUAI,FANWENRISHENG,QIONGSIFANBENERZUO《ZHONGYONG》,YU《DAXUE》YITONG。GAILIZHISHUJI,ZHONGXINBOYI,BUKEWU《ZHONGYONG》YIWEIGENDI,BUKEWU《DAXUE》YIWEIBAOLUO。JINYUGECIERPIANDUXING,SHELIZHUANTANXINGMING,JIANGYOUKONGYANWUSHI,BOSHIMINGFA,RUOLAODAN、JUTANZHIWEIZHEYI……SHENDAOERSHIZHIPI,YOUDIERSHIWEIYIDUAN。JIQIBUSHENG,SUIJUXINGMINGZONGZHI,YIQIEGEYIYUZHI。”[20]458 SHANG-XIALANZHICHUSONGRUGELIE《DAXUE》《ZHONGYONG》BIEWEIERSHU,YIZHIZUOWEIXIUYANGZHIJINGYOU,ZHENGRUFOJIAOTU“ZHUANTANXINGMING”YIYANGZUOPIANSHANGZHIBI;JILIXUEZHURUSUOYANBURUFOJIAOTUJINGMI,BIANXIANRUJIJINDEWENHUAZIBEIXINTAI,QIANGZIHUAFENRUFOJIEXIAN,BAYIXIEYUANBENSHUYURUJIADEZHISHI、FANGFAQIYURUJIAZHIWAI,“JIQIBUSHENG,SUIJUXINGMINGZONGZHI,YIQIEGEYIYUZHI”。HAOJINGDUI《DAXUE》《ZHONGYONG》DECHANSHENGJINXINGLEXIANGXIANG,BINGJIANGOUCHUXIANGYINGDELISHIQINGJING,SHENSHU《ZHONGYONG》《DAXUE》DOUSHILIJIAOSHUAIBAIGUOHOU,KONGMENHOURENWEIJIUPIANERZUO,YINGFANGRU《LIJI》ZUOZHENGTIKAOLIANG;TAZHICHU《DAXUE》《ZHONGYONG》ZUOWEI《LIJI》ZHI“GENDI”“BAOLUO”,SHIKONGZIBOWENYUELIZHIJIAODEZHONGYAOTIXIAN,QIANGDIAOYISHIJIANDAIDONGXIUYANG,QISHEHUIYIYIYUANSHENGFOJIAO。

                HAOJINGRENWEILIXUEPIANZHIERHUXINGDEXIUYANGLUNMEINENGJICHENGKONGZI“BOWENYUELI”ZHIJIAO,DAOZHILERUXUEDEMEILUO,FOLAOZHIXUEYOUCIDAXINGQIDAO,DUIZHIJIYIYANZHENGPIPAN,QIYUN:“ZHIYUNANSONG,ERRUSIJIYI,GUQISHITIANXIAYE。WEIZHONGYUANYIFENGHULU,BUNENGHUIZHANGZHIDAO,ERPIANANYIYU,PINIEYIWANG,QIZHUJUNZIXUESHUFURAN,GESHENGDAOYIFENGFOLAO,ERZHUSHOULIKU,TIANNIANWUYONG,SHIYINDAOWU,LIANGFEIOUER……ZISONGZHIJIN,ZHIJIEJIANDUO,DAOWEICHANGXIAN,SHIXINXUJIANWU,SHIDAOWUZENGJIAN。”[20]459SHANGLANSHUJINANSONGZHENGZHISHANGPIANANDONGNANYIYU,GEZHONGYUANYIFENGHULU,ERZUOWEINANSONGXUESHUZHULIUDELIXUEYEYOUYUZHENGZHIPIANANYOUXIANGSITEZHENG,BIAOXIANWEIXUESHUYUXIANSHITUOGUI,“PIANSHOULIKU”。HAOJINGSHILIXUEWEIHUAXIAZHENGZHIHEXUESHUSHILUODEDAIBIAO,ZHICHUZAICIJICHUSHANGFAZHANCHULAIDEXUESHUWEIBEIRUJIADEJINGSHICHUANTONG,“XINXUJIANWU,SHIDAOWUZENGJIAN”。HAOJINGYINCIQIANGDIAOZHIXINGBINGZHONGDEXIUYANGFANGSHI,ZHUZHANGXUESHUYINGHENEISHENGWAIWANGWEIYITI,JIXUESHUBUJINYINGWANSHANGEREN,ERQIEYINGDANGZHIXIANGSHEHUI。HAOJINGJINYIBUYI“CHENGMING”WEIHEXINJIEDULIANGSHUDEJIAZHIQUXIANG,SHITUJIE《DAXUE》《ZHONGYONG》LIYAN,ZHONGCHANGYISHIJIANWEIZHIXIANGDERUJIAXIUYANGTIXI。QIYUN:“《DAXUE》YU《ZHONGYONG》ERPIAN,ZHENSHENGRENYUELIZHIJIAO,SUOYANXINGMINGDAZHI,BUYUE‘CHENGMING’LIANGZI,《ZHONGYONG》XIANCHENGHOUMING,《DAXUE》XIANMINGHOUCHENG……DADAOJINGSHIYITIANXIAGUOJIASHIWUWEISHIDI,GUDEYIMINGWEILI,XUEYICHENGWEIGONG。MING,XUTIYE。CHENG,SHIGONGYE。MINGZHUZHI,CHENGZHUXING,CHENGSHIYOUZHI,MINGSHIZHIZHI。CHENGJINXIAXUE,MINGJINSHANGDAYE。”[20]565XIALAN-566SHANGLANHAOJINGJIE“CHENG”WEI“SHIGONG”“XIAXUE”,SHI“MING”WEI“XUTI”“SHANGDA”,SHENSHUO“CHENGMING”WEI《DAXUE》《ZHONGYONG》GUANZHUDEHEXIN,《DAXUE》QIANGDIAOYOU“MING”RU“CHENG”,《ZHONGYONG》TICHANGYOU“CHENG”RU“MING”,LIANGZHECUNZAIXIWEICHABIE,QUEDOUZHIXIANGSHIJIAN。HAOJINGYINERSHENGMINGSHIJIANDEZHONGYAOZUOYONG,ZHUZHANG“SIBIAN”DEXIUYANGZUIZHONGYINGZHIXIANGSHEHUI,“YITIANXIAGUOJIASHIWUWEISHIDI”,SHITUJIUZHENGLIXUEPIANZHIYIXINGXIUYANGFANGSHI,TONGGUODUI《DAXUE》《ZHONGYONG》JINXINGCHUANGZAOXINGCHANSHI,FENGFULERUXUEDENEIHAN,ZHIZAIXUNHUIBEILIXUEGEQIYUFOLAODEJINGSHIZHIDAO。

                四、结 语

                HAOJING“PIFO”SHIRUJIAZHISHIFENZIDUIFOJIAOJINXINGDEYICIDAPIPAN,SHIWANMINGRUFOZHIJIANYICIZHENGQUSIXIANGZHUDONGQUANDEJIAOFENG,SHIZHONGGUOWENHUASHISHANGDEZHONGYAOXIANXIANG。HAOJINGLIZURUJIAZHENGTONGYISHIJINXING“PIFO”HUODONG,QIYANSHUOBUMIANYOUJIJINZHICHU。RANER,HAOJING“PIFO”ZIYOUQIYIYI。HUANGZONGXICHENGZANHAOJING“MINGDAIQIONGJINGZHISHI,XIANSHENGSHIWEIJUBO”[21]1313,KEJIANHAOJINGZAISIXIANGJIEDEQUANWEIDIWEI。HAOJINGZHENGSHIYIKAOQIZAIWANMINGXUEJIEDEGUANGFANHAOZHAOLI,YIJINGXUEWEIZHUYAOMEIJIE,GUANZHUDINGZHENGJINGYIYUFANSILIXUEXIUYANGFANGSHI,BENZHE“JUNZIWUBEN”[12]2DERUJIAYISHIDUIFOJIAOZHEIGE“YIDUAN”ZHANKAIPIPAN。HAOJINGSHITUZHONGXURUJIAJINGSHICHUANTONGDENULI,QUDELEWANMINGXUEZIDEPUBIANRENTONG,ZUIZHONGYUFENGCONGWU、GAOPANLONG、CHENZILONGDENGRUJIAXUEZHEYIDAO,NIUZHUANLESHEHUISHANGDENIFOZHIFENG,YINDAOZHEWANMINGRUJIASIXIANGYOU“DAO”JI“QI”DEZHUANXIANG,GONGTONGCUDONGLEJINGSHIYUNDONGDEBOFA。

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