牛牛游戏厅安卓,{原始关键词}

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                              • 当前位置: 代写一篇论文多少钱 > 社会哲学论文 > 《淮南子》中对内圣外王的实现机制探析

                                《淮南子》中对内圣外王的实现机制探析

                                时间:2020-04-24 12:28作者:李素军
                                本文导读:这是一篇关于《淮南子》中对内圣外王的实现机制探析的文章,内圣与外王的统一是道家一贯的追求,但二者本是对理想人格两种维度的表达,内圣指向自身道德修养的完满,而外王指向治国功业的建立,治身与治国的统一需要一定的条件,除了治身治国之“道”具有形而上的统一性外,在以《淮

                                  摘    要: 《淮南子》阐述了既具有道家圣德,又可实现外王之功的道家理想君主模态,且内圣与外王之间以“势”为承转,实现了统一。君主之势位来源于其自身之“圣德”,而得“势”之君主既可操权势之柄以驾驭群臣,又可借“势”位之影响实现其育民化俗的神化政治。《淮南子》以“势”作为中转和联结,为道家提供了实现内圣外王一统的哲学路径。

                                  关键词: 《淮南子》; 势; 内圣; 外王;

                                  NEISHENGYUWAIWANGDETONGYISHIDAOJIAYIGUANDEZHUIQIU,DANERZHEBENSHIDUILIXIANGRENGELIANGZHONGWEIDUDEBIAODA,NEISHENGZHIXIANGZISHENDAODEXIUYANGDEWANMAN,ERWAIWANGZHIXIANGZHIGUOGONGYEDEJIANLI,ZHISHENYUZHIGUODETONGYIXUYAOYIDINGDETIAOJIAN,CHULEZHISHENZHIGUOZHI“DAO”JUYOUXINGERSHANGDETONGYIXINGWAI,ZAIYI《HUAINANZI》WEIDAIBIAODEDAOJIAWENXIANKANLAI,QIXIANSHITIAOJIANBIANSHI“SHI”DECHENGZHUAN。

                                  一、“圣德”对于势位的成就

                                  YI《HUAINANZI》WEIDAIBIAODEDAOJIAHUANGLAOPAICHONGSHANGSHEN、GUOBINGZHIDENEISHENGWAIWANGLIXIANG,ZHENGRUDINGYUANMINGSUOYAN,“HUANGLAOXUEDEXIUSHEN、YANGSHENGHEZHIGUOSHIYIGEOUHELIANDONGDEXITONG,QIXIUSHENHEYANGSHENGZHONGZAIHUODERENDESHEHUIXINGCUNZAIJIAZHI,ZUIZHONGLUOSHIDAOGONGLIXINGDESHEHUITIZHIJIANSHESHANGLAI”[1]211,DANNEISHENGYUWAIWANGDEOUHELIANDONGHEYISHIXIAN,LILAIXUEZHEDUOYOUTAOLUN。DANGRAN,JIUDAOJIAZHEXUEERYAN,DAOYUDENAISHIERZHEDEYITONGYIDEXINGSHANGJICHU,DANJIUSHIRANCENGERYAN,ZHENGSHIZUOWEIDIWEIHEQUANWEIDE“SHI”QIDAOLEYOUNEISHENGDAZHIWAIWANGDEZHUANCHENGHELIANJIE,ZHEIZHONGBUKEHUOQUEDEZUOYONGKECONG“SHI”DELAIYUANYIJIDESHIZHIZHURUHEYILAI“SHI”CHENGJIUWAIWANGSHANGTIXIANCHULAI。

                                  “势”在先秦兵家中,本指天时地利等环境条件和敌我双方对比所形成的对峙情态,后为法家和黄老道家所用,具有了威望、地位的含义,特指统治者高于臣民所拥有的权力与无形的影响力。道家绝少提及君主权利,即其“势”“位”的来源问题,仅在有限的文献中我们可以看到对于道家,特别是黄老道家而言,君主之势是“自然”而来。此“自然”是与“人欲”“私意”相对立而言的动态意义表达,也即权利获得者本身并没有私取天下之欲,而是在具备了理想圣王的特质后受有其位的。我们可通过以下论述窥探此意:
                                 

                                《淮南子》中对内圣外王的实现机制探析
                                 

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                                  二、外王之“势”实用于法

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                                  《HUAINANZI》ZUOZHEZEPIANYURENWEI,TONGZHIZHEXUYOU“WEI”YU“SHI”ZHITUXIANFANGNENGSHIXIANZHIGONG,RENZHUBINGFEIYINMEIYUZHONGRENZHIZHONGZHE,ERSHIZAI“ZHONG”ZHIZHONGANGRANCHAOQUNDE“YI”ZHE,ZHENGRUHANFEISUOYAN,“SHIZHE,SHENGZHONGZHIZIYE”。CI“YI”JIYOUPUBIANDEKEGUANYI,SHIWANYOUZHISUOCHU,YOUYOUTUXIANHECHAOBAZHIYI,SHIWANYOUZHISUOBUJI。《HUAINANZI》ZHONGDE“SHI”ZHISHIYONG,ZHUYAOBIAOXIANWEIYIZHANG“SHI”ZHICHAOBAXINGERDUI“FA”DECAOCHI。“FA”ZAIHUANGLAOWENXIANZHONGSHIYOUDAOSUOSHENGDEGUIZEHEZHIXU,JUNZHUSUOYINENGBAWOZHIXUBINGJUEDUIDIWEICHIZHUNZE,ZAIYUQIYI“SHI”WEIQUANBING,XINGCHENGLEMINZHONGMOGANYUZHIPIDIDEQUANWEI。《GUANZI·MINGFA》PIANZHONGYEYOU“FUZUNJUNBEICHEN,FEIJIQINYE,YISHISHENGYE”[9]318。RUQISUOYAN,“SHI”JUYOUTISHENGJUNYIGAOYUCHENHEQUBIEYUCHENDEXIAONENG,ZHEIZHONGGAOHEQUBIEDAIYOUYIDINGDEQIANGZHIXING,BUYILUNLIHEDAODEWEIBIE,QIZISHENJIUSHIZISHENDEYIJU,RU《GUANZI·FAFA》ZHONGSUOYAN,“FANRENJUNZHISUOYIWEIJUNZHE,SHIYE。GURENJUNSHISHI,ZECHENZHIZHIYI。SHIZAIXIA,ZEJUNZHIYUCHENYI;SHIZAISHANG,ZECHENZHIYUJUNYI”[9]103。《HUAINANZI·ZHUSHUXUN》YUN:“QUANSHIZHE,RENZHUZHICHEYU;JUELUZHE,RENCHENZHIPEIXIANYE。SHIGURENZHUCHUQUANSHIZHIYAO,ERCHIJUELUZHIBING,SHENHUANJIZHIDU,ERSHIQUYUZHIJIE,SHIYITIANXIAJINLIERBUJUAN。FUCHENZHUZHIXIANGYUYE,FEIYOUFUZIZHIHOU、GUROUZHIQINYE,ERJIELISHUSI,BUCIQIQUZHEHEYE?SHIYOUSHIZHIRANYE。”[7]967MINGXIANJIANG“SHI”ZUOWEIJUNZHUZHICHENDEJICHUHESHOUDUAN,“SHI”BAOZHENGLEJUNZHUTIANRANGAOYUQUNCHENDEDIWEI,DANGZHEIZHONGDIWEIZAIZHANGJIUDELISHISHIQIZHONGHUODEPUBIANRENTONGSHI,JIUJUYOULERENJIANFAZESHANGDEKEGUANYI。SUOYI,JUNZHUYIKAOZHICHENZHISHIBIANKEXINGJUNZHUZHIZE。ZAIHUANGLAODAOJIAKANLAI,JUNZHUZHIXUFENZHIRENGUAN,WUXUCHUYUJUTIZHIZEZHONG,ZAIFENGUANRENZHIHOU,BIANCAOMINGYIZESHI,KAOCHAMINGSHIZHIXIANGFUYUFOU,YIJUFADUSHANGGONGFAGUO,ZHEISHIDUIDINGFAQUANHEYONGFAQUANDEBACHI,ER“FA”DEQIANGZHISHUXINGHEKEGUANSHUXINGZHENGSHIJUNZHUZHI“SHI”SUOBURONGSHANGTAODEJUEDUIXINGDETIXIAN,YI“FA”LAININGJURENXIN,KESHIQUNCHENBAIXINGFUCOUBINGJIN,JINLIYUZHI。

                                  DANYUCITONGSHI,《HUAINANZI》ZHONGDE“SHI”ZAIZHILIGUOJIASHANGDUI“FA”DEBAOZHENGYEDAIYOULAOZHUANGDAOJIAYINXUNZIRAN、BURENSIZHIDESECAI。YINQISUIQIANGDIAOJUNZHUZHI“YI”DECHAOYUEDIWEI,DANTONGSHIYIDAOJIAZHIYINXUNZIRANDETEZHIBAORONGLEBAIXINGHEWANYOUDE“DUO”,RENWEIJUNZHUSUIRANCAOQUANSHIKEXINGFA,DAN“FA”BINGFEICHUYUJUNZHUZHIGERENYIZHI,SUOWEI“FAZHE,FEITIANDUO,FEIDISHENG,FAYURENJIANERFANYIZIZHENG。SHIGUYOUZHUJIBUFEIZHUREN,WUZHUJIBUQIUZHUREN。SUOLIYUXIAZHEBUFEIYUSHANG,SUOJINYUMINZHEBUXINGYUSHEN”[7]988,JI“FA”SHIYIZHAOMINXING、MINXUSUODING,ZHENGRU“SHI”ZHISUOYOULAICHUYU“GONG”,SHENGYU“YI”,JUYOUBUYIGERENYIZHIWEIZHUANYIDEKEGUANXINGHEBIRANXING。GUZAI《HUAINANZI》ZHONG,JUNZHUSUIKEYICHENG“SHI”ERFAHAOSHILING,DANQUESHIYUWANMINTONGSHOUFALVZHE,SHENZHIRENWEI,“RENZHUZHILIFA,XIANZIWEIJIANSHIYIBIAO,GULINGXINGYUTIANXIA”[7]988,“FAJILIYIZHE,SUOYIJINJUN,SHIWUSHANDUANYE”[7]988。JIJUNSUIRANSHIZHIFAZHE,DANTABENSHENBINGBUJUYOUXIAOYAOYUFAZHIWAIDETESHUXING,JIAGUOTIANXIANAIGONGZHONGYIZHIDESHIXIAN,JUEFEIGERENSIYIDEWANOU。《ZHUSHUXUN》ZHONGTANDAO:“YAOZHIYOUTIANXIAYE,FEITANWANMINZHIFU,ERANRENZHUZHIWEIYE,YIWEIBAIXINGLIZHENG,QIANGLINGRUO。YUSHIYAONAISHENFUJIEJIANZHIXING,ERMINGXIANGAIZHIREN,YIHEJIZHI。”[7]970YISHIRENZHUYOUTIANXIA,SHIYIJIEJUEBAIXINGZHIXUWEILV。ZHEIYEZHENGSHI《HUAINANZI》YUFAJIAYONG“SHI”DEBUTONGZHICHU。FAJIACHONGSHANGJUEDUIDE“ZUNJUN”,YIJUNZHUWEITIANXIAZHIZUN,JIANG“JUN”CONGQUNXITONGZHONGCHOULICHULAI,BINGYITIANXIAWEIJUNZHUZHIGERENYIZHIDEMANZUDUIXIANG。SUOYI,ZAIFAJIA,TEBIESHIZHANGUOMOQIYILAIHANFEIZHIFAJIAERYAN,JUNZHUZHI“SHI”ZHUYAOTIXIANZAIJUNZHUKEANJIYIDINGFABINGYONGFA,QIEZAIYIN“SHI”ERYONGFAYIWAI,HAIQIANGDIAOYI“FA”LAIBAO“SHI”,BINGYIFA、SHU、SHIDEJIEHEZUOWEISHIXIANDUIMINZHONGJUEDUIZHUANZHIDEBAOZHANG。ER《HUAINANZI》QUEBINGBUZANTONGYINSHIERZHUAN,FANERRENWEIJUNZHUSUICAOQUANSHIZHIBING,ZAI“FA”DESHIXINGWENTISHANGQUEBINGBUJUYOUTESHUXING,BUNENGLANYONGQUANLI,ERYINGYITIANXIAWEIGONG,YIZISHENWEIXINGFABIAOLV。

                                牛牛游戏厅安卓,{原始关键词}   XIANGJIAOYU“SHI”DEZHUANZHIZUOYONG,《HUAINANZI》GENGZHONGSHI“SHI”DEYINGXIANGZUOYONG,ZHEISHIJIANGFAJIADETUXIAN“SHI”YIYONGFA,YUDAOJIASHENGWANGDEYINXUNZIRAN、HEGUANGTONGCHENJIEHEQILAIDEZHANXINSIXIANG。

                                  三、外王之“势”虚用于化

                                牛牛游戏厅安卓,{原始关键词}   YOUSHANG,ZAI“SHI”DEYUNYONGYICHENGWAIWANGZHIGONGSHANG,CHULEKEYIBAOZHENGJUNZHUZHIFAQIEPINGDENGYONGFADEXIANZAIZUOYONGWAI,“SHI”HAIYOUYINXINGDE“HUA”DEGONGNENG,YINQIMEIYOUJUTIDEGUIZEKECAOCHI,GUBENWENZANCHENGZHIWEISHIDEXUYONG。《HUAINANZI》RENWEI,JINJUYOUNEISHENGZHIDEHAINANYIXINGCHENGDUIZHENGZHIDEHAOZHAOLI,QIEDANCHUNKAOYONGFASUIRANNENGZHENSHEWEIFEIZUOLUANZHE,DANBINGBUNENGSHITIANXIAZIRANDAZHI。ER“SHI”DEXUYONGZETIXIANZAI,SHENGWANGZHIDEKEYISHUN“SHI”HUODEZHANGXIAN,XINGCHENGWUXINGDEYINGXIANGLI,YUWUSHENGZHONGCHENGJIUBUZHIZHIGONG,ZHEIBIANSHI《HUAINANZI》SUORENWEIDE“KONGQIU、MOZHAI,XIUXIANSHENGZHISHU,TONGLIUYIZHILUN,KOUDAOQIYAN,SHENXINGQIZHI,MUYICONGFENG,ERWEIZHIFUYIZHEBUGUOSHUSHIREN。SHIJUTIANZIZHIWEI,ZETIANXIABIANWEIRU、MOYI”[7]1009。

                                牛牛游戏厅安卓,{原始关键词}   JUTIERYAN,《SHENZI》HE《HANFEIZI》DENGWENXIANZHONGJIEYIYAOSHUNWEIBEIERWUYIZHIRENHEJIEZHOUCHENGSHIERYISHITIANXIAZHIYIBIAODALE“SHI”DUIYUSHENGRENLIYANLIGONGDEBIYAOXING,《HUAINANZI》TONGYANGRENWEI,“YAOWEIPIFU,BUNENGRENHUAYILI,JIEZAISHANGWEI,LINGXINGJINZHI”[7]958。JISHISHENGRENDEBIYAOSHUN,RUOBUZAIYUSHI,ZEYIWUWAIHUADEGONGXIAOXIANXIAN。ERRENZHUZHISUOYIPINGJIE“SHI”HUISHIXIANHUAMINZHIGONG,GUANJIANZAIYUZAIGUDAISHEHUI,TEBIESHIZAIZHUANZHIZHENGQUANZHIXIA,JUNZHUJIQUANLIDEZHONGXIN,BUJINCAOYOUSHENGSHAZHIBING,QIPINXINGXIUWEIGENGSHIWANMINZHIYIBIAO,SUOWEI“SHANGCHANGERMINHE,SHANGDONGERXIASUI”。SUOYI,CONGHONGGUANDEZHENGZHIMOSHISHANGKAN,ZAIHANDAIYUZHOULUNHETIANRENGANYINGDENGLILUNXIAYOUYITIAOJIMINGLANGYOUYINNIDEYIJUNZHUWEIHEXINDE“XIAOFANGXING”ZHENGZHIXIANSUO,JIJUNZHUXIAOTIAN,BAIXINGXIAOJUNZHU。MINGLANGSHIZHIJUNZHUYIQISHIWEIWEIXIANWEIZUN,YINNISHIZHIJUNZHUDEYINGXIANGLISUIWUXINGQUESHICUN。ZAI《HUAINANZI》KANLAI,JUNZHUSHOUXIANYINGGAIZONGTIANFADI,ZUOWEITIANZHIZI,YINGDANGBAWOTIANDIJIANGUILVHUADE“LI”,BINGZAIDEXINGXIUYANGSHANGZHANXIANZUIBENZHIDE“DAO”,CHENGDANMONITIANDAODEJIAOSE。TONGSHI,JUNZHUYEYAODANDANGBEIMONIHEBEIXIAOFANGDEJIAOSE,TIXIANWEIWANMINZHIBIAOLV,YINWEI“RENZHUZHIJUYE,RURIYUEZHIMINGYE。TIANXIAZHISUOTONGCEMUERSHI,CEERERTING,YANJINGJUZHONGERWANGYE”[7]976。RENZHUZHISUOJUSHIRENZHUZHI“SHI”,JUNZHUZHI“SHI”WEISHIQITIANRANDITUXIANCHULAI,CHENGWEIWANMINJIESUOYANGLAIZHE,QIDEBIANJUYOULECHENG“SHI”ERXIANDEYINDAOZUOYONG。《HUAINANZI》CHENGZHEIZHONGYINDAOZUOYONGWEI“HUA”。“HUA”JISHI“SHI”ZHIXUYONG,XUYONGBINGFEIBUYONG,ERSHIYUNYONGWUXING,QIANYIMOHUADEYINGXIANGLI。

                                  ZAIZHENGZHIXIANSHISHANG,“HUA”SHI《HUAINANZI》SUORENWEIDEZUISHANGCHENGDEZHISHIFANGLVE,YOUSUOWEI“TAISHANGSHENHUA,QICISHIBUDEWEIFEI,QICISHANGXIANERFABAO”[7]924ZHISHUO。“SHENHUA”BENSHITIANDIYINYANGBIANHUA,DONGTAIDISHENGYUWANWU、FUYANGWANWUZHIGONG,ZAICICHUBINIWEIZHISHIDEMOTAI。JIJUNZHUZHILITIANXIA,RUOYOUNENGBINIYUTIANDIDEDEXING,PINGJIEQIGAOXIANZHISHI,ZIRANNENGDELIUSIHAI,XUNYUWANMIN。《ZHUSHUXUN》SHUO:“XINGFABUZUYIYIFENG,SHALUBUZUYIJINJIAN,WEISHENHUAWEIGUI,ZHIJINGWEISHEN。”[7]915ZHEIZHONGFANGFAHEGONGXIAOCHENGRU《MENGZI》ZHONGSUOYAN,“JUNZISUOGUOZHEHUA,SUOCUNZHESHEN,SHANGXIAYUTIANDITONGLIU”[10]330。DANGRAN,《HUAINANZI》ZHONGSUOSHUODE“DE”SHIPIANYUDAOJIASUOYANDE“DE”,ZHIXIANGQINGJINGZIRANDEDAODEZHIBEN。《TAIZUXUN》ZHONGYI“GUSHENGRENYANGXIN,MOSHANYUCHENG,ZHICHENGERNENGDONGHUAYI”[7]2086,SHUOMINGLE“HUA”DEGUANJIANZAIYU“ZHICHENG”,JISHENGRENRUONENGYIZHENSHIBUWEIZHIXINZHUANJINGXIUJI,ZEQISHENGDEZIRANNENGZHAOXIANYUWAI,QIEWEIMINZHONGSUOGANZHIBINGXIAOFANG。ZHEISHIYINWEI,《HUAINANZI》CHENGRENBINGCHANGDAOTIANRENGANYINGZHIXUE,RENWEITIANRENZHIJIAN,WULEIZHIJIANKEYIHUXIANGGANTONG。XIANGGANYI“JINGQI”WEIJIEZHI,SUOWEI“JING”,ZAIDAOJIAZHEXUEZHONGYOULIANGGEHANYI:YISHIBIAOSHITIANDIJIANDEZHIYIZHICHUNZHIQI。“QI”SHICHONGSAIWANWUSHENGMINGDEWUZHIBENYUAN,YIYINYANGSHUXINGWEIPAN,JIANGSHIJIANWANWUGUISHUFENLEI,GOUCHENG“TONGSHENGXIANGYING,TONGQIXIANGQIU”DEWUZHIJICHU。ERSHIDAIBIAORENDEXINSHENWANQUANJIZHONG,WUDONGYUWAIDEJINGSHENZHUANGTAI,JISHISHANGWENSUOYANDE“CHENG”“ZHIJINGXINGYUNEI”[7]923。JUNZHUYUNXINZHICHENGZHIZHUAN,SHIJINGQININGJUYUNEIXIN,HAOWUSIXINZANIANDEZHUANGTAI,RUCIZENENGWUDONGYUWAI,WUBIANYUNEI。ZAI《HUAINANZI》KANLAI,RENYUTIANZHIJIANBENYOUTONGFUZHISHU,XIANGLEIZHITAI,GUYUNXINZHICHENGBIANKEJINGTONGYUTIAN,YUTIANXINGCHENGGANYING,ZHEIYANGDEGANYINGSUOXINGCHENGDEYINGXIANGDOUNENGTAOHUAQINSHOUKUNCHONGZHISHU,ERKUANGYUJUNZHUQILEIXIANGTONGDERENMINHU?GU《HUAINANZI》RENWEI,“SHANGSHANFABAOZHE,ZHENGLINGYE;QISUOYINENGXINGZHE,JINGCHENGYE。GUNUSUIQIANG,BUNENGDUZHONG;LINGSUIMING,BUNENGDUXING;BIZIJINGQISUOYIYUZHISHIDAO”[7]2086。JUNZHUZHIZHENGLINGSUISHISHANGSHANFABAO,ERSHANGYOUQIYUAN,FAZHONGQIYIN,SHANGFAZHIZHONGWUKUANGWEIJIAOXING,YIJINGCHENGWUXIEZHIXINYUNFA,MINZIHUICONGZHIWUWEI,ZHEIBIANJIANGZHIGUOZHIDAOXIYURENZHUSHIFOUNEISHOUJINGCHENG,JIANGWAIWANGNENGFOUSHIXIANZHIJIEXIZHIYUNEISHENGDAODEZHISHANGLE。YOUCIKEJIAN,HUANGLAOZHIXUEYUFAJIADEZHENGZHIGUANQUANRANBUTONG。FAJIARENWEI,WULUNJUNZHUSHIFOUYOUDE,ZHIYAOMIAOYONGFA、SHU、SHI,ZEKEBAOZHISHIWUYU;《HUAINANZI》ZECHONGSHANGJUNZHUZHIDEHUA,FOUDINGWEIRENXINGFA,DAYOU“JUNZIZHIDEFENG,XIAORENZHIDECAO”[10]130DESIXIANGCHENGXU。

                                  《HUAINANZI》RENWEI,JUNZHUZHIJINGZHICHENGZHISHENHUA,QISUO“HUA”ZHESHINAI“SU”。《HUAINANZI》TEBIEZHONGSHIMINZHONGZHISU,BINGSHEZHUANPIAN《QISUXUN》YILUNZHI。《TAIZUXUN》PIANYESHENSHUOXIAYUYUXIAJIE、SHANGTANGYUSHANGZHOUDEWANGYUWANGZHIBIE,“FEIFADUBUCUNYE,JIGANGBUZHANG,FENGSUHUAIYE”[7]2122。XUSHEN《SHUOWEN》ZHONGJIANG“SU”JIESHIWEI“XIYE”。XUFUGUANRENWEI,“SU”SHI“ZAIJITISHENGHUOZHONGSUOYANGCHENG,SUOCHENGRENDEYIZHONGGONGTONGQINGXIANG,JIZAICIGONGTONGQINGXIANGXIADEXIGUANXINGDESHENGHUO、XINGWEI,GUYICHENGWEIXISU”[11]259;TONGSHIRENWEI,HANDAIDAYITONGDEDIGUO,QI“ZHENGZHIDEGENJI,BIZHIJIYUSHANLIANGFENGSUZHIZHONG。SUOYIZHENGZHIDEZUIJIBENRENWUJIZUIGAOMUDE,NAIZAIYUNENGYIFENGYISU”[11]258。SHENGWANGZHIHUAMINSUSHIYOU“SHI”SUOZHANGXIANCHUDEDAOXIANGZUOYONG,《HUAINANZI·ZHUSHUXUN》ZHICHU:“GULINGWANGHAOXIYAO,ERMINYOUSHASHIZIJIYE;YUEWANGHAOYONG,ERMINJIECHUWEIZHENGSI。YOUCIGUANZHI,QUANSHIZHIBING,QIYIYIFENGYISUYI。”[7]958SUZHINENGHUA,YIFANGMIANSHIYINWEISHANGYOUSUOHAO,XIABISHENZHI,JUNZHUYIKAOSHIWEIDEYINGXIANGLINENGQINGERYIJUYINLINGFENGSHANG;LINGYIFANGMIANYEZAIYUSHENGRENSUOXINGSUOWEIJIEFAYUZIRANZHENXING,ERZHENXINGSHISUOYOURENDEPUBIANZHIXING,PUBIANZHENXINGQIANZANGYUXIN,KEYIBEISHIYUJINRANZHEBI,YEKEBEILIANGSHANDEDAOXIANGCHUGANERFA。《HUAINANZI》JIKENDINGDAOJIASUOCHANGDAODERENZHIQINGJINGBENXING,YOUZAILUNLIYIYISHANGKENDINGRENXINGHANYOUSHANDE,CHENGREN“FANRENZHIXING,MOGUIYUREN”[7]1050,RENWEINENGTIDAOJINGXINZHE,BIYOURENYIZHIDEFUZHI。《HUAINANZI·TAIZUXUN》RENWEI,“FENGSUYOUCIYE。CHENGJUEQISHANZHI,FANGQIXIEXIN,QIQISHANDAO,SAIQIJIANLU,YUTONGCHUYIDAO,ZEMINXINGKESHAN,ERFENGSUKEMEIYE”,JILIANGSHANFENGSUZHICHENGJIUDEYAOYI,BIANZAIYUSHENGDEZHIZHUDUIYURENMINZHIBENYOUZHENXINGDEYINDAO,BINGRENWEIZHEIZHONGYINDAOZUOYONGSUOCHANSHENGDEYINGXIANGLIYUANGAOYUXINGFAZHISHU,XINGFASUINENGSHIRENBUWEIFEIZUODAI,DANJIUJINGSHIWAIZAIDEYUESHU,BUNENGSHIRENCHENGWEISHENGXIANZHIREN,ER“SHENGWANGZAISHANG,MINGHAOEYISHIZHI,JINGFEIYUYIDAOZHI”[7]2123,KEXINGCHENGDUIMINZHONGNEIZAIDEGANRANHEJIAOHUA。ZHEIZHONGGANRANHEXUNYURUOFENGYAOCAOMU,TIANXIAJIUKEBUZHIERHUA,YOUCIYEGENGJIANJUNZHUGERENDAODEXIUYANGDEBIYAOXING。

                                  DANGRAN,XIANSHIHELISHISHANGBINGFEISUOYOUJUNZHUJIEYOUSHENGDE,XINGWEIGUAILIZHIZHU,YIKEDUIMINZHONGCHANSHENGBUKEGULIANGDEYINGXIANG,ZHEIZHONGYINGXIANGYINQICHENGSHIZHIWEI,ZIRANYEHUIGENGJIAELIE。《HUAINANZI》ZHICHU:“GUMINZHIHUAYE,BUCONGQISUOYANERCONGQISUOXING。GUQIZHUANGGONGHAOYONG,BUSHIDOUZHENG,ERGUOJIADUONAN,QIJIANZHIYUCUIZHUZHILUAN。QINGXIANGHAOSE,BUSHIFENGYI,ERMINDUOHUNLUAN,QIJIZHIZHAOQIZHINAN。”[7]923CHUYUWANRENZHUMUZHIDIDEJUNZHU,SHANGCHANGERMINHE,SHANGDONGERXIASUI,WEISHANZEZHONGSHANZHI,WEIFEIZEZHONGFEILAI。GURENZHUZHE,KANSIJINJUYIWEI,SHIWUWEIERYI,DANYOUCIERLAIDE“SHI”ZUYIZHIYUEZHONGCHEN,HUAYUWANMIN,SHIQISUOWEI“DESHIZHILIZHE,SUOCHISHENXIAO,QICUNSHENDA;SUOSHOUSHENYUE,SUOZHISHENGUANG”[7]1099。SHENGRENRUONENGDEZHIERCHUSHANGWEI,YOUNENGXINZHIZHUANYI,SHENGSHIGUAYU,NINGSHENNEIXIU,ZETIANXIAWANMINJIEYIQIWEIBEN,MULIANXIAOFANGQIDE,ZHEIBIANZAILILUNSHANGCHENGJIULESHIZHI“HUA”GONG。

                                  ZONGSHANG,ZAI《HUAINANZI》KANLAI,JUNZHUNEISHENGZHIDENAISHIQIBEN,YINNEISHENGERDE“SHI”,DE“SHI”ZEKEYICAOQUANSHIZHIBINGYIXINGFALAIJIAYUQUNCHEN,DANZHEIZHONGJIAYUBUTONGYUFAJIAYITIANXIAWEIMANZUJUNZHUZHISIYIDEDUIXIANGDEZHUANZHIXINGTAIDEJIAYU,ERSHIJITUXIANJUNZHUZHI“YI”DEJUEDUIDIWEI,TONGSHIYOUHEYIDAOJIADEHEGUANGTONGCHEN、YITIANXIAWEIGONGDEJIAYU,BINGQIETICHUZHISHIDEZHISHANGZHIGONG,BUZAIYUSHIYONG“SHI”YIXINGFA,ERSHIXUYIN“SHI”YICHENGHUA,QIANGDIAOJUNZHUYAOXUJINGXIUJI,ZHICHENGZHUANYI,YIJINGGANREN,CONGERHUASUYUMIN,SHIXIANWUWEIERZHI。ZAI《HUAINANZI》KANLAI,NEIZAISHENGDESHIQUDE“SHI”HE“WEI”DEBIYAOQIANTI,YESHIJUNWANGZAIQUDEZHENGQUANHOUJINXINGTONGZHIDEJICHU,LIXIANGDEWAIWANGZHIGONGDANGSHIYI“SHI”WEIJICHUDENEISHENGZHIDEDEYIZHONGZIRANZHANXIAN,ZHEISHI《HUAINANZI》DUIYULAOZHUANGDAOJIADEJIJIGAIZAOHEDUIYUHUANGLAOZHIXUESHENGUOBINGZHI、SHENGYIJINGSHISIXIANGDEWANSHAN。

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