牛牛游戏厅安卓,{原始关键词}

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                      1. 当前位置: 代写一篇论文多少钱 > 社会哲学论文 > 现代犬儒主义思想的本质、成因及其影响

                        现代犬儒主义思想的本质、成因及其影响

                        时间:2020-04-24 12:31作者:陈书静 王洪涛
                        本文导读:这是一篇关于现代犬儒主义思想的本质、成因及其影响的文章,习近平总书记在中国文学艺术界联合会第十次代表大会的发言中曾批评中国文艺界的“易发病”:亵渎经典、戏弄历史、炫富竞奢、低俗媚俗、追求怪诞、格调不高。这“易发病”彰显了西方现代犬儒主义在中国的流行。

                          摘    要: 牛牛游戏厅安卓,{原始关键词}现代犬儒主义滥觞是资本逻辑全面渗透民众的精神呈现。在西方现代性进程中,启蒙的光明和进取与犬儒的绝望与消极既是资本功能历史二重性的矛盾演绎,也是资本主义维持社会顺利运行的双重价值支柱。启蒙精神与犬儒气质是资本二重性的精神演绎。资本逻辑全面渗透造就出现代犬儒主义的价值真空,犬儒理性是对资本主义内在裂缝的完美缝合。现代犬儒主义意识形态在价值生成、意义超越、社会节约机制及深化改革辅助推进机制等方面对社会主义主流意识形态的制度功能构成挑战。

                          关键词: 犬儒主义; 意识形态; 启蒙理性; 资本; 后现代虚无主义;

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                          一、现代犬儒主义的面谱图鉴及其危机征候

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                          齐泽克将传统意义上经典的反讽式的犬儒主义叫大犬儒主义。古希腊罗马早期的犬儒主义不是抽象的道德说教,而是一种道德践行和道德自律,追求德性,摈弃物质,淡泊名利,抵制荣耀;简化需要,力求自制,崇尚在“自然地生活”中的追求个人的自由与自足;以嘲弄和否定的姿态对待既有价值和主流意识形态。 但今天,现代犬儒主义的概念内涵已经发展出与之几乎完全对立的内涵。今天的犬儒者即便明白意识形态普遍性面具背后的特定利益,但依然会故作不知而埋头发财。现代犬儒主义者放弃了传统犬儒主义的道德操守,直接服务于非道德。齐泽克指出,在今天,“犬儒智慧的模型就是把正直、诚实想象为不诚实的至高形式,把道德想象为放荡不羁的至高形式,把真理想象为最有效的谎言形式”[4]41。面对违法的抢劫、致富,当代犬儒主义者不是谴责其行为的非道德性,而是反应为抹去一切道德界限的实用主义:“合法的致富更加行之有效,也受法律的保护……抢劫一个银行与建设一个银行,两者相比,情形如何?” [4]41现代犬儒主义意识形态表现为人们虽然对当前意识形态及其社会结构所标榜的价值、真理面具嗤之以鼻,但却孜孜不倦地利用当下意识形态去进行“明哲保身”“同流合污”“洁身自好”“视而不见”“基于个体利益和效用的最大化”。他们不再被虚假意识蒙骗,而是清晰地知道其运作模式与意图,但他们“依然我行我素”。冷酷无情、万念俱灰、返身自顾、闷声发财是现代犬儒者的经典面具,以缺乏本真为由而陷入政治冷漠。张一兵指出,犬儒主义“指的是意识形态批判失效之后的意识形态状况:知与行的绝对分裂”[5]。学者徐贲将现代犬儒主义界定为:社会民众对于他们所不满的制度所采取的“一种不拒绝的理解,不反抗的清醒和不认同的接受”的消极无谓的思行态度[6]。
                         

                        现代犬儒主义思想的本质、成因及其影响
                         

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                          二、启蒙理性的内在冲突与现代犬儒主义的多重悖论

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                          FUKEBEICHENGWEI“XIANDAIQUANRUZHE”,ZAIQIZHEZUO《WUWEIDEYANJIANG》ZHONG,FUKECHANSHILEZHUTIXINGCHENGDESANGEFANGSHI:QUANLISUZAO、ZHISHISUZAO、ZIWOSUZAO。FUKEZHICHU,ZHISHISHIQUANLIDEMIANJU,ZAIZHENLI、DAODE、QUANLIDEYOUXIZHONG,BUSHIQUANLIFUCONGYUZHENLI,ERSHIQUANLIZHIYUEZHEZHENLI,QUANLIJUEDINGZHISHIYANJIUDUIXIANGHEYANJIUFANGFA,JINERYINGXIANGZHISHIDEFAZHAN,ZHISHIYIZHENLIDESHENFENWEIQUANLIGANYUHEKONGZHISHEHUIJIBENSHOUDUANDEGUIFANHUAYUFAZHIZHENGDANGHUAFUWU。ZHENLISHIWEIRAOQUANLIJIZHIBIANZHIDEZHENLIHUAYU,RENSHIXIANDAIQUANLILEIXINGZHUANHUADEYIZHONGLISHIJIANGOU,ZHISHIYUQUANLIDEGONGMOU、GONGSHENGGOUZAOCHU“JUYOUZHISHI、XINGSHIHUOFUCONGQUANLIGUANXIDEZHUTI”,“TONGGUOQUANLI,WOMENFUCONGYUZHENLIDESHENGCHAN;ZHIYOUTONGGUOZHENLIDESHENGCHAN,WOMENCAINENGSHIXINGQUANLI”[11]93。XIANDAILUNLIDAODESHIDANGDAIQUANLIXUNHUAZHUTIDEGONGJU,JIANGQUANLIJIZHINEIHUAWEIZHUTIDEXINGDONGZHUNZE。ZAIZHISHI、QUANLI、DAODEGOUZAOXIA:“RENJIANGBEIMOQU,RUTONGDAHAIBIANSHADISHANGDEYIZHANGLIAN。”[12]506FUKEDUIZHENLIDEJIEGOU、DUIQUANLIDEZHIYI、DUIDAODEDEDIANFUCHANGCHANGBEIGUANYIXIANGDUIZHUYI、XUWUZHUYIHEXIANDAIQUANRUZHUYIDEBIAOQIAN。

                          ZHENGSHIJIYUDUIXIFANGXIANDAIXINGQIMENGJINCHENG“SHANGWEIWANCHENGDECHENGNUO,SHOUZUDEXIWANGHUOSHILINGRENBUANDELIANGNANKUNJING”JINXINGHUISUSHIDEFANSIHECHAOYUE,HOUXIANDAIZHUYIZHANKAILEYIQIMENGXIANDAIXINGJINCHENGWEIFENGMANGSUOXIANGDEZHEXUEPIPANYUJIEGOU。QIMENGZHEXUEDELINIANBEIHOUXIANDAIZHUYIGUANZHIYIBENZHIZHUYI、RENBENZHUYI、LIXINGZHUYI、PUBIANZHUYI、JUEDUIZHUYI、LUOGESIZHONGXINZHUYI、JICHUZHUYIDENGFANCHOUJINXINGPIPAN。HOUXIANDAIZHUYIRENWEI,RUGUOQIMENGZHEXUEWUFAWEIZHISHITIGONGQISUOXUNUODEHEFAXINGZHENGMING,NEIMEQIMENGZHEXUECHONGRENQUANBUZHISHIJICHUDEQITUJIUSHIHUOYINHUOXIANDEBAQUANZHUYI。QIMENGZHEXUEYIRENDAITISHEN,GAOYANGRENDEZHUTIXINGDERENBENXUELINIAN。HOUXIANDAIZHUYIZHERENWEI,RUTONGJIDUJIAOZHONGDESHANGDISHIYIZHONGXUGOUYIYANG,QIMENGZHEXUEZHONGZUOWEIZHUTIDERENYETONGYANGSHIYIZHONGXUGOU,“RENJINJINSHIYIZHONGWANJINDEFAMING,YIGEHAIBUDAO200SUIDEJIAOSE”[13]387,ZHENLIBUYILAIYUZHUTI,ERSHIQUANLIZHUZAIDECHANWU,RENWEIZHUTIFUYUSHIJIEYIYIYISHI“RENLEIZHONGXINZHUYI”DEHUANJUE。ZUIZHONG,QIARUNICAISHUODE,ZHENLIDEYIZHIBUGUOSHIQUANLIDEYIZHI,ZHENLIHEZHISHIMEIYOUNEIZAIJIAZHI。

                          ZHENDUIQIMENGZHEXUEZAIRENSHILINGYUZHONGSHITUHUODEZAISUOYOUSHIDAIHESUOYOUDIFANGDOUPUBIANSHIYONGDEGUANYUWAIZAIKEGUANHENEIZAIZHUGUANSHIJIEDEPUBIANZHENLI,JIZAISHIJIANLINGYUNEIRENWEISUOYOURENLEILISHIDOUHUIQUXIANGYUZUOWEIZHONGJIMUDEZIYOUWANGGUO,XIWANGSHIXIANPUBIANDERENLEIJIEFANGDEYUANWANG,HOUXIANDAIZHUYIJIANGZHIGUANYIPUBIANZHUYIERJIAYICHAOFENGHEPIPAN。QIMENGJINGSHENBAZHENLIFENGWEIZHISHANGDEXINTIAO,ZAIGEZHONGHUAYUZHONGZHANYOUTEQUANHEYOUXIANDIWEIBUGUOSHI“ZHENLIDEBAISEKONGBU”。LIAOTAZHICHU,JIANGZHENGGEYOUTAIMINZUCONGSHENGLISHANGJIAYIXIAOMIEZHEIZHONGXIANDAIZUIXINGSHIQIMENGGUANYURENLEIPUBIANJIEFANGXINNIANDECUIHUIHEZHONGJIE。SHISHISHANG,QIMENGYILAI,PUBIANZHUYIYIZHISHIXIFANGTUIXINGQIBAQUANDEGONGJU。PUBIANZHUYIDESHIZHISHI“WENHUADIGUOZHUYI”。ZHENDUICI,LIAOTATICHU“YIJIAOZHUYIZHENGZHIXUE”,FUKETICHANG“ZHENLIZHENGZHIXUE”,LUODIXUANYANG“ZHONGZUZHONGXINZHUYI”LAIJIAYIPIPAN。QIMENGZHEXUEXINTIAOZHONGDEJICHUZHUYILUNWEISHIJIANZHONGDEBAQUANZHUYI,RENBENZHUYIBIANCHENGWEIRENLEIZHONGXINZHUYI,PUBIANZHUYIBEIJIANXINGWEIXIFANGTUIXINGZHIMINXINGWEIDEXIFANGZHONGXINZHUYI。

                        牛牛游戏厅安卓,{原始关键词}   XIFANGQIMENGJINCHENGZHONGLIXINGZISHENDEDIWU,JILIXINGXIANRUJIAZHICHONGTUDEFENLIEZHUANGTAI。DIKAERYILIXINGZUOWEIRENSHIDEFANGFALUNQIDIAN,QUELILEGETILIXINGZAIZHISHI、DAODEDEZIZHUPANDUANJIZIYOUDEYOUYUEXINGDIWEI,JISHIJIE“JIECHUMOZHOU”,XIAOJIELEGUDIANLIXINGZHUYICHUANTONGZHONGDEYUZHOULIXINGZUOWEIYUZHOUBENZHIDEYIYIHEJIESHISHIJIECUNZAIDEGENJU,LIXINGSHIQULEZUOWEICHAOYUEGERENDEYUZHOUPUBIANZHENLIDEKEGUANXING,SANGSHILEPANDINGDAODEZHENLIDEDIWEI,CHENGWEIQUANRULIXINGDEPUBIANHUAIYIHEJIAZHIXUWULANSHANGDEGENYUAN。QIMENGLIXINGXUANYANGZHENGYI、ZIYOU、RENQUAN、MINZHU、JIEFANGDENGRENLEIYONGHENG、ZHIGAODECHAOYUERENHEGERENHESHIDAIDELINIAN,SHITUYUNYUCHULIXINGDEGERENHELIXINGDESHEHUI,RANERZAIZIBENSHENGCHANSHENGYUJIAZHIDONGLIDEQUDONGZHIXIA,QIMENGLIXINGZUIDAHUADIFAZHANLEZHIGUANZHULIYIHEXIAOGUOJIZUOWEIXIANDAISHEHUIJINGJIZUZHIGUANLIYOUXIAOSHOUDUANDEGONGJULIXING。KANGDEZAI《DAFUZHEIGEWENTI:“SHENMESHIQIMENGYUNDONG?”》YIWENZHONG,JIANGQIMENGDEHEXINZONGJIEWEI:ZAIYIQIESHIQINGSHANGDOUGONGKAIYUNYONGZIJILIXINGDEZIYOU,YIQIERENWEIDEZHIYUEYUJINGUDOUXUYAOJINGGUORENLEILIXINGDESHENPAN,DANLIXINGSHENPANDEXINGSHIYOUGONGKAIYUNYONGHESIXIAYUNYONGLIANGZHONGFANGSHI。KANGDEDEGONGKAILIXINGYUSIRENLIXINGDEMAODUN,JIJIYAOZIYOUGONGKAIDISHIYONGLIXINGQUEYOUXUWEIMINGSHICONG,CONGRENLEIDEJIAODUSUOZUODE、ZUOWEI“SHIJIEGONGMINSHEHUI”DECHENGYUANDEBIYAOQUANLIDELIXINGDEGONGKAISHENSHIQUEXUYAOFUCONGYURENMENCONGGANGWEIZHIZEJIAODUSUOZUODELIXINGSHENSHI,JIDUIYUGANGWEI、ZHIWEIZHIYUEDEWEIHU。KANGDELIXINGDENEIZAIMAODUNSHIZHENGGEXIFANGQIMENGJINGSHENGANGACHUJINGDEZHESHE,JIQIMENGBIAOBANGDEZIYOU、RENQUAN、PINGDENG、JIEFANGDENGYONGHENGDERENLEIJINGSHEN,BUDEBUFUWUYUZIBENYUNZHUANSHEHUIJIANZHIDEXUQIU。JIEGUO,ZHENGRUSILUOTEDAIKESUOYAN,QIMENGDEGEZHONGPIPAN,ZUIZHONGDOUZOUXIANGQUANRUZHUYI,QUANRUZHUYISHIYULIXINGDEPIPANQUEYOUZHONGJIELEPIPAN。SILUOTEDAIKE(1987)ZHICHU,XIANDAIQUANRUZHUYISHI“JINGGUOQIMENGDEXUJIAYISHI”,SHIQIMENGMINGTIWUFAJIANXINGSUOZHIDELIXINGBINGBIAN。“QUANRUJUYOUDIANXINGDEHOUXIANDAIPINGE,TASHIYIGEBUJINYIHUAYUSHEHUIERQIEYIHUAYUQIZHUTIXINGDEXINGXIANG。”[2]8

                          XIANDAIQUANRUZHUYITIXIANWEIYIXILIE“BEILUN”:ZAIWOXINGWOSU、WUSUOGUJI、BUZHIXIUCHI、WUDONGYUZHONG、JIDUZILIANDEZHUTIXINGGAOYANGBEIHOUSHISHENXIANZIBENLUOJIXIAXIAOFEIZHISHANG、WUYUHENGLIU、LINGHUNZHUSHIDEZHUTIXINGSANGSHIDE“ZHUTIXINGBEILUN”;XIANDAIQUANRUZHUYINEIZAIYULIXINGLUOJI,ZUOWEILIXINGDEBANSHENGWU,QUEYOUSHILIXINGXIESHISHIJIE、XIESHIXINYANG、XIESHILIXINGZISHENDE“LIXINGBEILUN”;XIANDAIQUANRUZHUYIJISHIQIMENGDECHUBUCHENGGUO,QUEYOUYANBIANWEIQIMENGDEXUJIAYISHI,JINERCHENGWEIJINYIBUQIMENGZUAIDE“QIMENGBEILUN”。DUIXIANDAIQUANRUZHUYI“QIMENGBINGBIAN”GENYUANJIQIYUNHANDEYIXILIEBEILUNDEJIESHI,BIXUCONGWEIWUSHIGUANCHUFA,QIERUZIBENZHUYIXIANDAIXINGCHANSHENGDEXIANSHILISHIGUOCHENGZHONG,CAINENGDEDAOKEXUEDEJIEDA。

                          三、从资本二重性到启蒙二重性:现代犬儒主义生成的深层根源

                          QIMENGJINGSHENNEIZAIDEMAODUNCHONGTUQIZHI,YUANZIQIMENGLIXINGZISHENDEERZHONGXING。ZHENGSHIZIBENERZHONGXINGZHUDAOZHEQIMENGERZHONGXINGDEFAZHAN,ZIBENERZHONGXINGSHIQIMENGERZHONGXINGDEXIANSHIGENYUAN,GENGSHIXIANDAIQUANRUZHUYIZHEJIAZHIXUWU、PUBIANHUAIYI、FANSHENZIGUDESHEHUIJIEGOUGENYUAN。QIMENGERZHONGXINGJI:YIFANGMIAN,ZHENGGEXIFANGDEQIMENGJINGSHENYAOQIU“ZAIYIQIESHIQINGSHANGDOUYOUGONGKAIYUNYONGZIJILIXINGDEZIYOU”[14]25,YITUJIEYOULIXINGPIPANTICHUYIQIEDUDUANZHUYIYUJIAOTIAOZHUYIDEPIANJIAN,YILIXINGDEQUMEILAIQUCHUMIXIN、MANGCONGHEYUMEI,SHIXIANRENLEIDEZIYOUHEJIEFANG;LINGYIFANGMIAN,QIMENGJINGSHENFUWUYUZIBENKUOZHANGDEXUQIU,QIMENGSIXIANGSHIFUWUYUZIBENZHUYIZHEIGEQUANXINDESHEHUIJIEGOUDEYIYIJIAZHIXITONG,JIQIMENGJINGSHENSHIZHICHIZIBENZHUYISHEHUIJIANZHIDEZHUDAOYISHIXINGTAI。ZIBENERZHONGXINGYUQIMENGERZHONGXINGHUANHUACHUXIFANGXIANDAIXINGGUANGMINGYUHEIAN、LANGMANYUYIYU、WENMINGYUYEMANJIAOZHIDEJINCHENG,SHIXIFANGXIANDAIXINGDEMAODUNXING、SUIPIANHUA、FENGXIANXINGHEHUNLUAN、DONGDANGXINGDEGENYUAN,YESHIXIANDAIQUANRUZHUYIZHEDEYISHENGCHENGDEZHONGYAOYIHUAN。ZIBENERZHONGXINGHEZIBENBAIWUJIAOTONGGUOQIMENGHOUDEWUHUATONGZHICHENGGONGSUZAOCHUXIANDAIQUANRUZHEDEDUOYIPINXINGHEWUHUAYISHI。

                          SHOUXIAN,ZIBENLISHIGONGNENGDEERZHONGXINGJUEDINGLEQIMENGJINGSHENZOUXIANGQUANRUSHIBINGBIANDESUMING,GOUCHENGLEXIANDAIQUANRUZHUYISHENGCHENGDESHEHUIGENYUAN。ZIBENDEJISHUHEZUZHIYOUSHI、GAOXIAOLVDESHENGCHANTIXIHEZIBENDUIRENDEFAZHANNENGLIDEJIEFANG,YUNYUCHUQIMENGJINGSHENDEJINBU、HUIHUANGYUGUANGMING,DIANDINGLEXIANDAIQUANRUZHEXIAOFEIJINGGUANDEWUZHIJICHUHEZHUTIYISHIYUNYUDEJINGSHENJIZHI。ZIBEN“WEIDAWENMINGZUOYONG”CHUANGZAOLEWUZHICAIFUSHENGCHANDEQIJI,CHEDIWAJIELECHUANTONGDESHENGCHANSHENGHUOFANGSHI,XIAOJIELECHUANTONGDENGJISHEHUIZHIDUDESHENGCHANGUANXIHERENMENTOUNAOZHONGDECHUANTONGJIAZHI,CHENGJIULEFURAODEGONGYEWENMING,TUIDONGSHIJIELISHIDEWEIDAJINBU。RANER,ZIBENJINBUXINGDEBEIMIANSHIZIBENDELISHIJUXIANXING,JIZIBENCHUANGZAOLI、JINGZHENGLIDEJIZHIHUAZHUANGTAIYIWEIZHEZHUTIFUWUYUZHENGQIAN、JILEIZIBEN、LEIJISHENGYUJIAZHIDEWUHUAZHUANGTAIHERENDUIWUDEQUANFANGWEIYILAI。ZAIZIBENLUOJIQUANMIANZHANKAIDEMOHUANXIANSHIZHONG,XIANDAIQUANRUZHEDEXIAOFEIZHUYIKUANGHUANYUANYUZIBENXIAOHUASHENGCHANXIANGDUIGUOSHENGDEXUQIU。ZIBENDELIRUNLUOJIXIA,RENRENPINGDENGDE“QUANLI”ZHINENGLUNWEIYANGAIZIBENQUANLIDEWAIYI,ZIYOUZHINENGSHIPINGDENGBOXUELAODONGLIDEZIYOU,RENDEZHUTIXINGZHINENGRANGWEIYUZIBENDEZHUTIXING,RENCHENLUNYUYOUROUSHENWUZHUTIDEJINGDI。QIMENGSUOBIAOBANGDERENZHINENGLIHEPIPANNENGLIZUIZHONGDOULUNWEIWEIZIBENSHENGCHANFUWUDEPUCONG。QIMENGGAOYANGRENDEZHUTIXINGDENULIZOUXIANGZUICHUYUANJINGDEBEIFAN:ZUOWEIZHUTIDEREN,ZAIZHISHIYUQUANLIDEQIMENGZHONGXIAOWANGLE。QIMENGLIXINGKEYIPEIYUDESIHUWUSUOBUZHI、WUSUOBUXIANG、WUSUOBUYU、WUSUOBUNENGDEZHUTI,QISUOZHI、SUOXIANG、SUOYU、SUONENGJIEJIYUZIBENZHEIGETAZHEDEXUQIU。YUSHI,ZIBENZHIPEIXIADEZHUTIZHINENGSHI“ZIBENYAOSHENGCHANSHENGYUJIAZHI,JIUBIXUSHENGCHANDUISHENGYUKUAIGANDEYUWANG”ZHEIYIGUILVDEKETI,YIQIEDOUTINGCONGSHICHANGZHEIGE“YINBIDESHANGDI”DEZHAOHUAN,FUCONGYUSHENGYUJIAZHIDESHENGCHAN,ZIBEN“RUGUOMEIYOUBUDUANDEKUOZHANTAJIUBUNENGZIWOSHENGCHAN”[15] 7。ZUIZHONGQIMENGDEZHUTIZHINENGSHICHENZUIYUSHANGPINBAIWUJIAOHUANJUEZHONGDEXIANDAIQUANRUSHIZHUTI。ZHEIJUEDINGLEQIMENGDEPIPAN、QIMENGDUIZHUTIDEHUHUANZHUDINGWUFASHIXIAN,ZHIHUIZAOJIUCHUXIANDAIQUANRUZHUYIZHEZHUTIXINGXIAOJIE、“WEIQUQIUQUAN”CHENLUNYU“SHANGPINBAIWUJIAO”DESHEHUIXIANSHI。

                        牛牛游戏厅安卓,{原始关键词}   QICI,QIMENGHUAYUDESHIZHISHIZIBENYISHI,SHIYIZAIZHICHENG、DIAOJIEZIBENZHUYIXIANSHIDEYISHIXINGTAIHUANXIANGJIANGOU。QIMENGDELIXINGYUPIPAN,SHIXIANDAIYISHIXINGTAIGAOBIELECHUANTONGYISHIXINGTAIDE“FEIZHI”,DANBINGBUNENGGAIBIANYISHIXINGTAI“YANSHI”XINGHEFUSHUXING,ZHEISHIXIANDAIQUANRUSHIXUWUZHUYISHENGCHENGDEXINLIGENYUAN。QIMENGJINGSHENSHIDANGSHISHEHUIZHUANGKUANGHEWUZHITIAOJIANDECHANWU。SHITELAOSISHUO:“XIANDAIFANGANZUICHUSHIYOUZHERENMENSHEJIDE;TAMENGENJUZIRAN、GENJUMOUXIEZIRANQUANLISHEJILEZHEITAOFANGAN。”[16] 10SHISHISHANG,BUSHIQIMENGSIXIANGJIASHEJILEXIANDAIFANGAN,ERSHIJIQIDAGONGYEDEFAZHAN,SHIDEXIANDAIDASHENGCHANCHENGWEIBIYAO,ERXIANDAIDASHENGCHANXUYAOTUOLIRENSHENYIFUGUANXI、KEYIZAISHICHANGSHANGJINXINGJIAOYIDEDULI、ZIYOUDELAODONGZHE。ZIBENDELUOJIHUANXINGLEQIMENGXIANDAIXINGZHIXIAZHENGGESHEHUIDEZHUTIYISHIHEZIWOYISHI,MEIYOUDAJIQISHENGCHAN,MEIYOUSHANGPIN“DENGLIANGHUANDENGLIANG”JIAOHUANZHEIGE“ZHENZHENGDEGONGTONGTI”DEXIANSHIKUOZHANG,JIUBUHUIYOUQIMENGLIXINGSUOXUANYANGDEPINGDENG、MINZHU、ZIYOU、RENQUANLINIANDECHANSHENG。ZHENGSHIPINGDENGJIAOHUANDESHICHANGQIANGZHIXINGYUANZECUISHENGLEJINDAIZIRANFAHESHEHUIQIYUEJINGSHEN。QIMENGSIXIANGJIAZHENGSHIJIYUZIBENDEXUQIU,FACHULE“ZIYOU、RENQUAN、PINGDENG”DEHUSHENG。QIMENGDUIREN(ZHUTI)DEGUODUMEIHUAYUXUANYANG,QIMUDESHIWANCHENGZUCHENGSHEHUIJIBENCHENGYUANDEGETIPEIYANGHEGUIXUN,SHENGCHANCHUWEIFUHEZIBENSHENGCHANYUNZUOXUYAODE“ZHUTI”JILAODONGLI:NENGGOUQIANRUSHANGPINSHENGCHANHELIUTONGZHONG,NENGCHUANGZAOSHENGYUJIAZHIDERENDETILIHENAOLIDERENGEHUAWUZHIXINGTAIJUHE。LAODONGLICHUANGZAOLIRUNDEQIANNENGHEHUOLISHIZHUZHONGDESHENGMINGCHENGWEIZHENGZHIDEZHONGXIN,CHENGWEIDANGDAISHEHUIZIBENZHUDAODESHENGMINGZHENGZHIJUCHANGSHANGRENRENBAIBUDEDUIXIANG。

                          ZIBENDEFAZHANDIANRANLEZAOQIQIMENGSIXIANGJIARULUSUO、MENGDESIJIU、FUERTAIGUANYUSHANGYEJINGSHENHESHANGYEWENMINGDELUNZHANYUOUGE,QIHOUDESUGELANDAODEZHEXUEJIARUXIUMO、LUOKEJISIMIDENGJINYIBUFAZHANCHUSHICHANGWANNENGDEJINGJILINIAN。ZIBENZHULIDEBENNENGRANGQIMENGSHIDAIDESIXIANGJIATICHU“RENLEIZUIQIANGLIE、ZUIZIRANDEXUYAO”HEBUBIANDEBENXINGJIUSHIZHUIQIUCAIFUDERENXINGLUN。ZIBENDETANLANPINGEYAOQIUQIMENGSIXIANGJIAJIECHURENMENSIXIANGZHONGJIANGTANYUKANZUOHONGSHUIMENGSHOUDECHUANTONGLINIAN,DAIZHIYIZISIHETANYUSHISHEHUIJINBUDONGLIHECHUANGZAOLIYUANQUANDEXIANDAIGUANNIAN。RENYUBUSHIE,RENYUTIXIANRENDEZIYOUHEZIYOUYIZHI。ZIBENRENGEHUADAIBIAODESHANGRENRIYITUXIANWEISHEHUIZHONGJIANHEZUORENBANGYANG,SHANGRENRANG“DAZIRANDEENWUDEYILIUTONG、WEIQIONGRENTIGONGGONGZUO、WEIFURENZENGJIACAIFU,WEIJUNZHUZENGJIARONGYAO”,CONGERBEIZUNWEI “GOUZIGEDANRENGUOJIADERENHEZHIWEI”DEREN[17] 49。XIANGDUIYUCHUANTONGYISHIXINGTAIDUIYIZHIWUZHIYUWANG、YIZHISHANGYEJINGSHEN、GAOYANGDAODEMUBIAO,“QIMENGJINGSHEN”WANQUANFUCONGYUYI“ZIBENLUOJI”JIANGOUSHEHUIZHIDUDEYAOQIU,BINGXUANYANGWUZHIZHUYIJIAZHIGUAN,ZHIYAOFUQIAN,RENHESHIQINGDOUSHIBEIYUNXUDE,YIQIEDAODEDEBIAOZHUNDOUYOUJIAOHUANJIAZHIJUEDING,ZHEIJIUSHIXIANDAIQUANRUZHEJIAZHIXUWUZHUYIDESHIZHIYUANYIN。ZAIZIBENLUOJIZAIZHIXIA,ZHENLISHIQUANLIDECHANWU,ZHISHI、XINXI、DAZHONGCHUANMEIWUBUSHOUDAOZIBENQUANLIDEGANYUHENIUQU。BUJINZHUZHONGKEDEDEXINXIYOUZIBENJUEDING,XINXIDESHENGCHANHEZHIZAOYEYOUZIBENDINGZHI。RUMAKESISUOYAN,SHENGCHANZHISHIDEZHISHIFENZISHIZICHANJIEJI“CHUQIANZHAOGUDEGUYONGLAODONGZHE”[18] 38。

                        牛牛游戏厅安卓,{原始关键词}   FUKEBAXIANDAIXINGJIEDINGWEIYIZHONGPIPANDETAIDUHEQIZHI,PIPANSHIQIMENGDEKETI,TARENDING,JIYULIXINGDEPIPANSHIRENLEIZIYOUDEQIANTI。QIMENGDEBENZHISHIPIPAN,SHIDUIJIUWENHUADENEIZAIFOUDING,“PIPAN”YU“FOUDING”ZHENGSHIZIBENTUIFANJIUDESHEHUIJIANZHIJIZHONGSHIJIJIDUJIAOXINYANGZHUANZHIHEFENGJIANZHUANZHI,GOUJIANSHIZIBENDEYISHUNLIYUNXINGSHEHUIJIEGOUSUOJIXUDE。XIANDAISHEHUIZHONGJINGGUOPIPANDEQUANRUZHUTI,TAMENHENQINGCHUGUANYUZIYOU、MINZHU、RENQUANDEHUAYUTIXIDEXUJIAXING,SHIZAIYANGAIZHETEDINGDEBOXUEHELIYI,DANSHI,ZIBENZHUZAIXIADEGETI,GENBENWULIBAITUOZHEIYITAOHUAYUTIXI,ERZHINENGSHIWUNAIDIZHUIZHUZHETAMEN,“JUBUYUZHIDUANJUELIANXI” [4]40ZUIZHONGYIFOUDINGYIQIEJIAZHI、WUSUOJIANSHOUDEZITAIMIANDUIXIANSHI。

                        牛牛游戏厅安卓,{原始关键词}   ZUIHOU,ZIBENSHENGCHANSHENGYUJIAZHIDEQIANGDADESHEHUIJIANZHIHEQISUOYUNYUCHUDEQIMENGLIXINGGONGTONGSHENGCHANCHUDEXIANDAIGUANLIAOZHIDUHE“KEXUEDESHEHUIJIEGOU”[19]76,SHIQIMENGDEXIAOLVYUANZEHEKEXUEJINGSHENZUICHENGGONGDEJIANXING,QIWUSUOBUZAIDELIXINGTONGZHIYUQUANLIKUOZHANGCHENGWEIXIANDAIQUANRUGETIMENFACHU“BUQUANRU,YOUZENMESHENGCUNNI”WUNAIGANKAIDEZHIDUGENYUAN。ZIBENXIAOJIELECHUANTONGDEZONGFAGUANXI,QUEWEIRENDAZAOCHUZIBENZISHENTONGZHIDETIELONG,ZIBENZHUIZHULIRUNDENEIZAIDONGLIHEWAIZAIYALISHISHENGYUJIAZHISHENGCHANCHENGWEIYADAOYIQIEDEDONGLI,ZHIZAOLEXIANDAISHEHUIDEQUANMIANWEIJIHEFENGXIANJINGGUAN。ZIBENYISHENGYUJIAZHISHENGCHANWEISHOUYAOMUBIAO,JUEDINGLEQIMENGLIXINGDEXIANSHIJICHUYUSHEHUIGENJIZHINENGSHIJIAOHUANJIAZHI、SHISHICHANG。ZAIZIBENLUOJIDEQIANGDASHEHUIJIANZHIMIANQIAN,YIGECHEDILIXINGHUADESHEHUICHANSHENGCHUJUDADEZAIZHIGERENDELILIANG,GETIDEPIPANYUFOUDINGZHINENGSHIMIANRUOWULIDESHENYINHUOWUKENAIHEDECHENMO,QUANRUSHISHENGCUNSHIZUIJIAHEZUIHOUDEXUANZE。FUKEDESHENGMINGZHENGZHIPIPANLILUNTISHILE:ZHENGSHIZAIZIBENDELIXINGNEIHEQUSHIXIA,XIANDAISHEHUILI,SHENGMINGCHENGWEIGONGGONGCHANGJINGDEZHONGXINHEQUANJINGJIANSHIDUIXIANG,GUOJIAKAISHIDUISHENGMINGSHIXINGZHENGZHIXINGDETONGZHIHEGUANLI。QIMENGDELISHISHIJIANMEIYOUSHIRENLEIZOUXIANG“CHENGSHU”,SHIJIEQUEWUKEBIMIANDIXIANRUZIBENQIANGQUANYUQUANRUPINXINGHUBUXIANGYIDESUMINGZHONGQU。CONGERBUNANLIJIE,ZAIXIANDAIXINGDESHIYELI,WEISHENMEHUICHUXIANZHEIYANGDECHANGJING:FUZETUSHAYOUTAIRENZUIZHONGFANGANZHIXINGDEADAOFU·AIXIMANJIESHOUJIAOXINGSHIXUANCHENG“TADEYISHENGDOUSHIYIJUKANGDEDEDAODELVLINGERHUO,TASUOYOUXINGDONGDOULAIZIKANGDEDUIYUZERENDEJIEDING”。ZAIZIBENQUANLIBUDUANKUOZHANGBINGRIYIHUODEZIWOQIANGGUDESHEHUIQIONGDINGZHIXIA,QIMENGZOUXIANGQUANRUDESUMINGSHIBUKEBIMIANDE,JIEYONGBAOMANDEYIGEYINYU:“HEHUDIEYIYANG,DANGBIEZHENCICHUANTAMENDESHENQUJIANGTAMENGUDINGYICHUSHI,TAMENSHIBUNENGXINGMIANYUNANDE。”[19]8

                        牛牛游戏厅安卓,{原始关键词}   ZONGZHI,XIFANG“QIMENGYUNDONG”BEICHENGWEI“GUANGMINGDESHIDAI”,RANER“GUANGMING”SUOXIANGQUEFUCONGYUZIBENYUNDONGGUIJIDEYAOQIU,QIMENGJINGSHENDESHIZHIJIUSHI“ZIBENJINGSHEN”。XIANDAIQUANRUZHEDEXUFU、HUANMIEYUJINGSHENPINKUNSHIZIBENLUOJIQUANMIANKUOZHANGDAILAIDERENDEPUBIANYIHUAZHUANGTAIDEFANYING,ERQUANRUZHEZHEIZHONGPINGYONG、SUOSUIYUGONGLIDESHENGHUOTAIDUQUESHIWEIHUDANGDAIXIFANGSHEHUIYIZIBENSHENGCHANWEIZHUZHOU、YIZIBENYINGLIWEIMUBIAODESHEHUIJIEGOUZHENGCHANGYUNZHUANDEBIYAOYISHIXINGTAI。ZIBENZHIPEIXIA,XIANDAISHEHUISHENGHUODEWUGENXING、OURANXING、NIMINGXINGJICUIRUOXINGDENGTEZHENGCUISHENGLELAODONGZHEDEXIANDAIQUANRUZHUYIZHUGUANQINGXU。QIZEKESHUO:“RENMENBUZAIXIANGXINRENHEYISHIXINGTAIZHENSHI;TAMENBUZAIYANSUDUIDAIRENHEYISHIXINGTAIMINGTI。”[4]45

                        牛牛游戏厅安卓,{原始关键词}   SHEHUIWENHUAJIAZHIXITONGYUJINGJIXITONGDENEIZAIYIZHI,SHISHEHUIJIANKANGYUNXINGDEBIYAOJIZHI。QIMENGLIXINGYUQUANRULIXINGSHIZIBENBEILUNTEXINGSHENGCHUDEJIAZHIXITONGDESHUANGMIANLUOXUANTI。ZAIZIBENDEZHULIBENXINGQUDONGXIA,QIMENGDEGUANGMINGHEJINQUYUQUANRUDEJUEWANGHEXIAOJIJISHIZIBENGONGNENGLISHIERZHONGXINGDEMAODUNYANYI,TONGSHIYESHIWEICHIZIBENZHUYISHUNLIYUNXINGDESHUANGZHONGJIAZHIZHIZHU。“CENGJINGSHIJISHUSHENGCHANLIDEYINANMIANDEXUWUZHUYI,YIJINGCHENGLESHENGCHANLIDEJIBENYAOSU,CHENGLELAODONGLISHICHANGSHANGZUIJINQIAODESHANGPIN。”[5]QUANRULIXINGSHIDUIZIBENZHUYINEIZAILIEFENG——LIYIYUWANGHUIJIEGOUDAODE,BINQIDAODEYOUHUISHIQUHEFAXINGDEWANMEIFENGHE。ZUOWEIFUYOUXIAOLVDESHEHUIGUANXIQIANGZHILILIANG,ZIBENCHENGJIULEQUANRUZHUYIXIAOFEIJINGGUANDEWUZHIJICHU,ZIBENFENGXINGKEXUEYUXIAOLVYUANZEDAZAOCHUXIFANGXIANDAIGUANLIAOZHIDUDE“TIELONG”,SHIQUANRUSHENGCHENGDEZHIDUGENYUAN。ZIBENDEFENGKUANGZHULIZAOJIUDEDALIANGLISHIYUXIANSHIZHONGDEFENGXIANJINGGUAN,JILAOZUOHESHENGCUNZHONGDEWUGUISUOYI、BIANHUANWUQIONG、JIAZHISHANBENGDENGXIANSHISHENGHUO“YOUXI”TEZHISHIDANGDAIQUANRUZHECONGWAIBUSHIJIETUIQUEHESHIYONGZHUYICANYUWANMEIJIEHEDEXIANSHIJICHU。

                          四、结论

                        牛牛游戏厅安卓,{原始关键词}   XIANDAIQUANRUZHUYIBENZHISHANGSHIDUIXIANCUNSHEHUILUNLIDEYIZHONGFANPAN,ZHENGRUFEILIXINGZHUYIZHEXUESHIDUIZIBENZHUYIFAZHANWEIJIDEHUIYINGYIYANG,XIFANGXIANDAIQUANRUZHUYIDECHANSHENGYUANYUDAZHONGDUIYISHIXINGTAIGUOJIAJIQIYUNZUODEPIJUAN,PUBIANDEHUAIYIZHUYIHEJIAZHIXUWUZHUYISHIRENMENJIESHOUHEQUFU,YIQIESHIFEIBIAOZHUNDOUBEIFOUDING,YIQIEHUANGDANXINGWEIDOUBEIHELIHUA,YINERMEIYOUDONGLIQUGAIBIANSHEHUICUNZAI。XIANDAIQUANRUZHUYIBUXIANGCHUANTONGYISHIXINGTAINEIYANGYANGAIHEFOURENMAODUN,ERSHIJIANGMAODUNCHANGTAIHUA、HELIHUABINGJIESHOUZHI,YIWEIZHEJIEJUEMAODUNDEDONGJIWANQUANBEIXIAOJIEDIAO。YINER,XIANDAIQUANRUZHUYIYIDINGYIYISHANGYOUZHUYUYANSHISHEHUILIEHENBINGWEICHIXIANYOUSHEHUIZHIXU,TASHIXIANDAISHEHUIDEYINANMIAN,QUEYOUSHIZHUZHONGJIANGHEIANHELIHUADEBIBUKESHAODESHENGCUNQINGXU。XIANDAIQUANRUZHUYIYISHIXINGTAIYUSHEHUIZHUYIZHULIUYISHIXINGTAIZAIJIAZHIJIANGOUYUYIYISHENGCHENG、SHEHUIJIEYUEJIZHIYUGAIGEFUZHUJIZHIDENGSHEHUIZHUYIYISHIXINGTAIDESHEHUIGONGNENGSHANGJUYOUTIANRANDENEIZAIJINZHANGYUCHONGTU。

                        牛牛游戏厅安卓,{原始关键词}   XIANDAIQUANRUZHUYISHIYIBASHUANGRENJIAN,DAZHONGYISHIXINGTAIQUANRUHUAJIFAHUIZHEXIAOJIDEWEIHUXIANCUNSHEHUIZHIXUDEGONGNENG,QUEYOUXIAOJIEZHEZHULIUJIAZHIHESHEHUIGONGSHI,JINERCHENGWEISHEHUIJINBUHEFAZHANDEZHANGAI。YINGDUIDANGQIANDAZHONGYISHIXINGTAIQUANRUHUAXINYANGWEIJIDEGENBENDUICEZAIYUTONGGUOWANSHANDEZHIDUJIANSHECHAOYUEZIBEN,GOUJIANYUSHEHUIZHUYISHICHANGJINGJIXIANGSHIYINGDEQUANLIGUIZHIZHIDUJIWENHUAJIAZHITIXI,YOUQISHISHEHUIZHUYISHICHANGJINGJIJIANKANGYUNXINGDEZHICHENGJIZHI——XINRENTIXI。GOUJIANSHEHUIZHUYIHEXIESHEHUIXUYAOZAIXINDETIAOJIANXIAFAZHANMAKESIZHUYIYISHIXIANYIYISHIJIEDEZHONGGOU,YIZHIWEIZOUCHUDANGQIANXIANDAIQUANRUZHUYILANSHANGDEZHONGYAOLUJING。

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                          [3]David Mazella.The Making of Modern Cynicism[M].University of Virginia Press,2007.
                          [4] 斯拉沃热·齐泽克,等.意识形态的崇高客体[M].北京:中央编译出版社,2002.
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                          [11]Michel Focault.Power knowledge[M].edited by colin Gordon,Pantheon Books,NewYork,1980.
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