牛牛游戏厅安卓,{原始关键词}

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                              2. 当前位置: 代写一篇论文多少钱 > 体育论文 > 国内国外学者对马术休闲的研究综述

                                国内国外学者对马术休闲的研究综述

                                时间:2019-02-06 09:16作者:吴辉 沈世伟
                                本文导读:这是一篇关于国内国外学者对马术休闲的研究综述的文章,随着全民健身和全民健康的理念深入人心,国民多样化的体育休闲需求日益增长,消费渠道不断丰富,参与方式逐渐多元,健身休闲产业面临转型升级的现实需求。

                                  摘    要:牛牛游戏厅安卓,{原始关键词} 历史上马曾被应用于农业、交通、军事、狩猎,甚至娱乐消遣等方面。时至今日,马主要用于休闲,马术休闲被一致认为是一种高雅的休闲方式,突出体现在身心健康和社交方面的卓越特质。本文通过对国内外马术休闲文献的分析,发现国内外学者对马术休闲的研究主要涉及马术休闲的概念、马术休闲的主要场所与经营管理、马术休闲产业的发展进程、马术休闲的研究理论及方法等4个方面。国外学者对马术休闲的研究涉入时间较早,在研究方法方面较为深入细致,主要采用多学科综合方法,注重问卷调查与深度访谈相结合,选取知名马术俱乐部作为案例地,获取一手数据资料进行分析;国内学术界目前主要研究马术休闲的主要场所和马术休闲产业的发展两个方面,涉及学科主要是经济学、管理学、体育学。文章最后就国内外的研究现状进行总结归纳,以期对中国马术休闲的发展提供借鉴。

                                  关键词:牛牛游戏厅安卓,{原始关键词} 马术; 休闲; 发展; 研究进展;

                                  Abstract: Historically, horse has been used in agriculture, transportation, military, hunting, and even entertainment, etc. In today's world, horse is mainly used for leisure, and equestrian leisure is generally regarded as a noble way of leisure, which highlights the outstanding characteristics of physical and mental health and social communication. Through the analysis of domestic and foreign research literature on eques-trian leisure, this paper finds that domestic and foreign scholars' research on equestrian leisure mainly in-volves four aspects: discussion on the basic concept of equestrian leisure, main venues and management of e-questrian leisure, development process of equestrian leisure industry, and research theories and methods of equestrian leisure. Foreign scholars have been involved in the study of equestrian leisure for a long time,and their related researches are relatively thorough and detailed. In terms of research methods, they mainly adopt the multidisciplinary comprehensive method, pay attention to the combination of questionnaire survey and in-depth interview, and select famous equestrian clubs as cases to obtain first-hand data for analysis.At present, domestic academic circles mainly study the two aspects of equestrian leisure venues and the de-velopment of equestrian leisure industry, including economics, management and sports. Finally, the research status at home and abroad is summarized to provide reference for the development of equestrian leisure in Chi-na.

                                  Keyword: equitation; leisure; development; research progress;

                                  一、引言

                                  DANGQIAN,WOGUOYIJINRUQUANMIANJIANCHENGXIAOKANGSHEHUIJUESHENGJIEDUAN,XIUXIANCHANYEZAIGUOMINJINGJISHEHUIFAZHANQUANJUZHONGRIYIZHANJUZHONGYAODEGONGNENGYUZUOYONG,“XIUXIAN”ZUOWEIYIZHONGSHENGHUOFANGSHI,YUMEIGERENDESHENGHUOZHILIANGXIXIXIANGGUAN,YICHENGWEISHIDAIDETEZHENGZHIYI。SUIZHEQUANMINJIANSHENHEQUANMINJIANKANGDELINIANSHENRURENXIN,GUOMINDUOYANGHUADETIYUXIUXIANXUQIURIYIZENGZHANG,XIAOFEIQUDAOBUDUANFENGFU,CANYUFANGSHIZHUJIANDUOYUAN,JIANSHENXIUXIANCHANYEMIANLINZHUANXINGSHENGJIDEXIANSHIXUQIU。JINNIANLAI,GEJIZHENGFUCHUTAILEYIXILIEJIAKUAIFAZHANJIANSHENXIUXIANCHANYEFAZHANDEZHIDAOYIJIAN,RU《GUOWUYUANBANGONGTINGGUANYUJIAKUAIFAZHANJIANSHENXIUXIANCHANYEDEZHIDAOYIJIAN》1、《GUOWUYUANGUANYUYINFAQUANMINJIANSHENJIHUA(2016—2020NIAN)TONGZHI》2DENG。

                                  LISHISHANGDESHIJIEGEGUO,BUWAIHUJIANGMAPIYONGYUNONGYESHENGCHAN、SHOULIE、JIAOTONGHEJUNSHI,SHENZHIYULEXIAOQIANHETIYUHUODONGDENGFANGMIAN,QIZHONGHOUZHEZAIYIDINGYIYISHANGYUNYULEXIANDAIMASHU。

                                  ZAOZAI19SHIJI60NIANDAI,XIANDAIMASHUZHEIYIXIUXIANYUNDONGYISUIXIFANGSHANGRENHEWAIJIAORENYUANYIDAOTARUZHONGGUODETUDI[1]66。20SHIJI30NIANDAISHI,SHOUXIFANGGUANNIANHEXIUXIANFANGSHIDEYINGXIANG,BEIPING、TIANJIN、SHANGHAI、GUANGZHOUDENGDIYILINGXINGKAISHEPAOMACHANGJIMASHUXUEXIAO(SHANGHAIPAOMATINGFENGMIYISHI,CENGYIDUSHIYAZHOUZUIDADESAIMACHANG),CANYUZHEYEYIFUJIAZIDIHESHEHUIMINGLIUWEIZHU[2]95。BUKEFOURENDESHI,XIANDAIMASHUZIJINRUWOGUOYILAI,YIZHIBEISHIWEIGUIZUYUNDONG,ZAIPUTONGDAZHONGZHONGPUJICHENGDUHENDI,CANYUCHENGDUGENGDI[1]64-67。ZHIDAO2008NIAN8YUE,ZAIDI29JIEAOLINPIKEYUNHUISHANG,HUATIANDAIBIAOZHONGGUODUIDIYICILIANGXIANGGUOJIAOLINPIKEYUNHUIMASHUSANXIANGSAI,PUTONGDAZHONGCAIZHUJIANKAISHIGUANZHUDAOXIANDAIMASHUZHEIXIANGYUNDONG。

                                  截止2018年末,中国马术俱乐部近三年数量分别为907、1452和1802家,年均增长率近两成,尤以华东地区发展最快。该地区马术俱乐部数量连续3年居全国之首,占全国的三分之一。该地区马术俱乐部人均年卡消费高达25991.19元,也是全国之冠;其次是华南地区,23370元;随后依次是北京、中西部地区、华北地区和东北地区3。诸多方面的正向刺激,扩大了现代马术运动参与群体的总体数量,鼓舞了马术休闲参与群体的消费热情,推动了马术俱乐部在全国众多城市生根开花,也吸引了学者们对这一现象的关注。
                                 

                                国内国外学者对马术休闲的研究综述
                                 

                                  二、国内外马术休闲研究进展

                                  RENHEMADEHEZUOYUANYUANKEYIZHUISUDAORENLEISHIQIAN。MASHUYUNDONGYUXIUXIANFANGSHIDEYOUJIJIEHE———MASHUXIUXIAN,BEISHOUSHEHUIJINGYINGDEQINGLAI,YIZHUBUCHENGWEIJINGJITILIANGBURONGXIAOQUDEXIUXIANYUNDONG。GUONEIGUANYUMASHUYUNDONGDEZHEZUOHEQIKANWEISHUBUSHAO,RANERZHENDUIMASHUXIUXIANDEYANJIURENGXIANBUZU。JIEZHI2019NIAN8YUE,BIZHEYI“MASHU+“YUNDONG”WEIGUANJIANCICONGZHIWANGSHANGSOUSUODAOXIANGGUANWENXIAN781PIAN,YI“MASHU+XIUXIAN”WEIGUANJIANCISOUSUODAODEXIANGGUANWENXIANJINYOU80PIAN。GUANYUMASHUXIUXIAN,GUONEIXIANYOUWENXIANDUOCHENGXIANYUBAOZHI、QIKAN、ZAZHI,YIMIAOSHUJIESHAOXINGZHIWEIZHU,GUANZHUDIANJUJIAOYUMASHUYUNDONGBENSHENGAOYAXIANSHIDETEZHIHEXIUSHENYANGXINGDEMEILI,ZHEZHONGCONGOUSHIGUIZUQIZHI、KANGTIGONGNENG、RENMAXIEZUODEDUTEMEILIZHANKAI。XIANGBIZHIXIA,OUMEI、AODALIYADENGDIMASHUXIUXIANYUANYUANLIUZHANG[2]95,XIANGGUANYANJIUQIBUZAO,CHENGGUOYEBIGUONEIFENGFU。

                                  1. 马术休闲相关概念和内涵的研究

                                  (1)MASHUXIUXIANGAINIANDEJIEDING。MASHUXIUXIANZAISHIJIESHANGHENDUODIFANGDOUBEIRENWEISHIYIZHONGGAOYADEXIUXIANFANGSHI,BINGQIETUCHUTIXIANZAISHENXINJIANKANGHESHEJIAOFANGMIANDEZHUOYUETEZHI。BUTONGXUEZHECONGBUTONGXUEKEDEYANJIUSHIJIAOCHUFA,DUIMASHUXIUXIANYOUZHEBUTONGDECHANSHI。Miriam Adelman(2015)JIANGMASHUXIUXIAN(Leisure uses of the horse)DINGYIWEIYIGEHUODONGLINGYU(Arena),ZHEIGEHUODONGLINGYUNENGGOUWEIMASHUXIUXIANZHE(Leisure riders)JIDAKENENGDIDAILAIYUYUESHENXIN、ZIWOFAZHANYIJISHEJIAODEJIHUI[3]51。DR Janet CochraneDENG(2015)JIANGJUYOUDULIHEMAOXIANTANSUOTEZHENGDEXIANGCUNYEWAIQICHENGCHENGWEI“MASHUXIUXIAN”,TARENWEIYINGGUODEMASHUXIUXIANSHICHANGXUQIUYUMASHUJINGJIWANQUANBUTONG,ZHUYAOBAOKUOSHENTIJIANKANGHESHEHUIJIAOJIFANGMIAN[4]83-84。

                                  CONGYISHANGDINGYIKEYIKANCHU,GUONEIWAIXUEZHEDUIYUMASHUXIUXIANDEDINGYIDATIYIZHI,ZHONGDIANLUOZAIMASHUXIUXIANDUIRENSUOCHANSHENGDEZUOYONG,BINGMEIYOUZAIXIUXIANCHANGSUOJULIGUANCHANGJUZHUDIDEYUANJINHEXIUXIANSHIJIANSHANGZUOCHUMINGQUEDEJIEDING。

                                  (2)MASHUXIUXIANCANYUQUNTIDETEZHENG。MASHUXIUXIANCANYUQUNTISHIMASHUXIUXIANHUODONGDEZHUTI,YINSHEHUI、JINGJI、LISHIWENHUADENGFANGMIANDECHAYI,BUTONGGUOJIAHEDIQUDEMASHUXIUXIANCANYUQUNTIDESHIJIQINGKUANGYEBUJINXIANGTONG。CANYUQUNTISHANGZHILAONIAN,XIAZHIQINGSHAONIAN,DIYUSHEJIYINGGUO、FAGUO、DEGUO、XIONGYALIDENGOUZHOUDUOGUO,YIJIMEIGUO、BAXI、AODALIYADENGGUOJIA。Miriam Adelman(2015)DIAOCHALE5WEINIANLINGZAI29-54SUIZHIJIANDENVXINGMASHUYEYUAIHAOZHE(Amateur horsewomen),JUNWEIBAXINANBUDEZHENGZHI、JINGJI、WENHUAZHONGXINCHENGSHIKULIDIBADEJUMIN,FAXIANCHENGWEIZHANGQICONGSHIMASHUXIUXIANDEAIHAOZHEJUBEIYIXIA3GETEZHENG:YISHIZHONGCHANJIEJI,SHOURUWENDINGQIEZHANGQIMEIYOUJIAODAJINGJIFUDAN。ERSHICANYUFANGSHIZHUANBIAN。MASHUXIUXIANAIHAOZHEYOUZAIMASHUJULEBUZUMAJINXINGMASHUKECHENGZHUANBIANCHENGZHENZHENGMAZHU,CONGERKEYIZIYOUANPAIMASHUXIUXIANSHIJIANHECHANGDI。SANSHIMASHUYICHENGWEIQIXIUXIANHUODONGBIBUKESHAODEYIBUFEN,QIEMASHUXIUXIANAIHAOZHEQILINGYUEZHANG,DUIMASHUXIUXIANDEXINGQUYUEFANONGHOUSHENRU[3]53-61。Janet CochraneDENG(2015)LISHILIANGNIAN,YANJIUZAIYINGGELANHEWEIERSHIXIANGCUNHUOYEWAIKAIZHANMASHUXIUXIAN(Leisure riding)DEAIHAOZHE,FAXIANQIJUBEISANGEMUDE:YISHIHUANJIEYALI,XUNQIUTUANTIGUISHUGAN。BUJINSHIWEILEGENPENGYOUZAIXIANXIASHIGUANGYIQIWAICHUSHIFANGYALI、ZHUIQIUJIANKANG、YUANLICHENGSHIXUANXIAO,GENGSHIWEIJIESHIGENGDUOZHITONGDAOHEDEXINPENGYOU,ZHUIQIUGERENSHENFENSHANGDEDAODERENTONG。ERSHITANXUNZIJIMOSHENGDEMADAO(Bridleway),HUOZHEBEIYOUJINGYANDEQIXINGZHEYINLING,GENGXINZIJIDEQIXINGDIYUFANWEI,XUNQIUGENGDACHENGDUDEZIWOMANZUGAN。SANSHIDABAOSHIXIAOQIAN(Packaging recreation),YEJIUSHISHUOZAIYEWAIMASHUXIUXIANGUOCHENGZHONGBANSUIKAIZHANQITAXINGSHIDEXIAOQIAN,BIRUZHUZUHUXIXIANGYEDEQINGXINKONGQI、YIZAISHUXIAXIANSHIDIYUEDU、QIANZHEMAERCHENZUIZAIQINGCAODEHAIYANGDENG[4]85-90。

                                  2. 马术休闲的主要场所与经营管理

                                  (1)MASHUXIUXIANDEZHUYAOCHANGSUO———MASHUJULEBU。SHIJIEGEGUOMASHUXIUXIANFAZHANJINCHENGBINGFEIYIZHI,MASHUXIUXIANDEZHUYAOCHANGSUOYEGEYOUQIANQIU。YINGGUO、FAGUO、AODALIYADENGGUOSHANGSHIJI60NIANDAIQIYIXIANHOUKAISHIJIANSHEQIMAZHUANYONGTONGDAO、QICHENGLUXIANBIAOSHI、DITUDENGQICHENGJISHUSHEBEI、TINGCHECHANGDENGGONGGONGJICHUSHESHI,YIXIEXUEZHEKAISHIGUANZHUZAIXIANGCUN、YEWAI、FENGJINGQUDENGSHIWAIKAIFANGKONGJIANKAIZHANDEMASHUXIUXIANHUODONG。

                                  BUTONGYUXIFANG,ZHONGGUOGUONEIMASHUXIUXIANDEZHUQUDAOSHIMASHUJULEBU,XIUXIANMASHUDADUOZAIJULEBUDESHINEIWAIFENGBIKONGJIANLIKAIZHAN,YINERZHONGGUOXUEZHEDUIMASHUXIUXIANDEYANJIUYEDADUOWEIRAOMASHUJULEBUZHANKAI,NEIRONGZHUYAOSHEJILIANGGEFANGMIAN:YISHIMASHUJULEBUJINGYINGGUANLIJIFAZHANXIANZHUANGHEQUSHI[5,6];ERSHIMASHUJULEBUDECHANPIN、FUWUJIXIAOFEIZHE[7]50-51。

                                  (2)MASHUJULEBUDEJINGYINGGUANLI。MASHUJULEBUJINGYINGGUANLIJIFAZHANXIANZHUANGHEQUSHIFANGMIANDEWENXIANJIAODUO。XUEZHEDADUORENTONGJIANGMASHUJULEBUDINGYIWEIYIMANZURENMENMASHUYUNDONGXIUXIANYULEXUQIUWEIMUDE,TIGONGMASHUQICHENGPEITAOFUWUYUSHESHIDEHUODONGCHANGSUO[7]50-51。GUONEIMASHUJULEBUDEJINGYINGMOSHIKEFENWEIQUANFENGBISHIHEBANFENGBISHI,ERZHEDEZHUYAOQUBIEZAIYUSHIFOUJIEDAISANKE(FEIGUDINGHUIYUAN),BANFENGBISHIZHAN80%[8]。BUSHAOXUEZHETONGGUODUIJULEBUJINGYINGXIANZHUANGHEFAZHANQUSHIDEGEANDIAOCHA,GENJUWENTI—DUICEDEYANJIUSILU,JIESHILEDANGQIANGUONEIMASHUJULEBUJINGYINGGUANLISHANGCUNZAIDEGONGXINGWENTI:CHENGBEN、MENJIAN、GUANLIRENCAI、ZHENGFUZHICHI、XINGYEJINGZHENG、JINGYINGMOSHIDENG,BINGTICHUXIANGYINGDUICE,RUJIANGDIJIAGEMENJIAN、RENCAIPEIYANG、XUANCHUANTUIGUANG、XINGYEBIAOZHUNYUGUIFAN、DUOYUANHUAJINGYING、ZHENGQUZHENGFUZHICHI、JIEJIANOUMEIMASHUJULEBUFAZHANJINGYANDENG[9]。

                                牛牛游戏厅安卓,{原始关键词}   MASHUJULEBUCHANPIN、FUWUJIQIXIAOFEIZHEFANGMIANDEWENXIANSHULIANGMINGXIANSHAOYUQIANYILEIWENXIAN。YIYOUWENXIANSUIYUMASHUJULEBUXIANGGUAN,DANYANJIUFANGFADANYI,LILUNSHANGYEQIANQUESHENDU,DUOCONGJINGJIXUEJIAODUCHUFA,JIANGZAOFANGMASHUJULEBUDERENQUNBUJIAQUFENDIDOURENDINGWEIMASHUJULEBUXIAOFEIZHE,TONGGUOGOUJIANMOXING、HUIGUIFENXILAIYANJIUQIQUNTITEZHENG,FENXISHICHANGXUQIU,YUCESHICHANGQUSHI[10]。

                                  3. 马术休闲产业的发展

                                  MASHUXIUXIANSHIMASHUYUNDONGHEXIUXIANCHANYEXIANGJIEHEDECHANWU,BUJINSHEJIMASHUCHANYEHEXIUXIANCHANYEDERONGHE,YESHEJIMASHUYUNDONGDEXIUXIANHUA。BUSHAOOUMEIGUOJIARUYINGGUO、FAGUO、RUISHI、MEIGUODENG,PINGJIEYOUJIUDEMASHUCHUANTONGHELIANGHAODEMAWENHUAFENWEI,MASHUXIUXIANCHANYEYIFAZHANDEXIANGDANGCHENGSHU,BUJINYOUWEIMASHUAIHAOZHESHEJIZHUANMENDEQIXINGXIANLU、YANTUBIAOSHI,PEIBEIZHUANMENDELVGUANJIFUSHUSHESHI,WEIQIXINGZHEHEMAPITIGONGZHUANYEDEFUWU,YONGYOUJIAOWEIWANSHANDERENCAIPEIYANGTIXI,GAOJIZHUANYEHUADECONGYERENYUANDUIWU,HAIZHIDINGLEXIANGYINGDEFUWUGUIFAN,TUICHUGEZHONGSHIYONGZHINANYIBAOZHANGMASHUAIHAOZHEDEXIUXIANTIYAN。

                                牛牛游戏厅安卓,{原始关键词}   “MASHUJULEBU”HE“XIUXIANJIANSHEN”TONGWENJIANYUGUONEIBAOKANSHIZAI2002NIANDE《ANJIA》,QIWENMIAOSHUJIESHAOLEBEIJINGJIAOWAIDEYIJIAMASHUJULEBU,HUYUJINGMASHUJULEBUZAIZHONGGUOTUIGUANGMASHUXIUXIANYUNDONG[11],SUIHOUWUNIANNEIQITABAOKANYEKANDENGLEJIESHAOBEIJING、SHANGHAI、XIANGGANGSANDIMASHUJULEBUDEJIPIANTONGLEIMIAOSHUXINGWENZHANG,BIAOMING21SHIJIZHONGGUODEMASHUJULEBUZUIXIANZAIYIXIANCHENGSHIZUJIAN,CANYUQUNTIZHUYAOSHIZHONGWAIQIYEJIA、DOUSHIBAILINGHEHAIGUIRENSHI。2007NIANJIAOLINCHANGTAN“QIMAZHANGTULVXING”,JIESHAOOUMEIDEMASHULVXINGQINGKUANG,RENWEIZHONGGUOKEYIJIEJIANOUMEIMASHULVXINGJINGYAN,TUIJINGUONEIMASHUXIUXIANDEFAZHAN[12]。RANERYUOUMEIZHUANYEHUADEQIMALVYOUCHANYEXIANGBI,WOGUOBUJINNANMILEISIJIGOUJIXIANGGUANCHANPIN,GENGQUEFAYUZHIPEITAODEFALVFAGUI、JICHUSHESHIHESHEBEI。

                                牛牛游戏厅安卓,{原始关键词}   LINGYOUWENXIANSHEJIZHONGWAIMASHUCHANYEFAZHANDEBIJIAOYANJIU,HUOCONGGUOJITIYUJINGJISHUIPINGDECHAYICHUFABIJIAOZHONGWAIMASHUCHANYEDEFAZHANSHUIPING;HUOCONGMASHUXIUXIANCHANYEDEXIANGGUANJISHUHEFUWUBIJIAOZHONGWAIMASHUCHANYEFAZHANXIANZHUANG;HUOSHIDUIBIBUTONGDIQUDEMASHUCHANYEFAZHANXIANZHUANGYUFAZHANHUANJING,FENXIGEZIDEYOULIESHI,BINGTICHUJIANYI[13,14,15]。

                                  4. 社会环境与马术休闲发展间的相互作用

                                  XIUXIANDEFAZHANCHENGDUFANYINGZHEGUOJIADEJINGJIJIANSHESHUIPINGHESHEHUIWENMINGCHENGDU。YUZHIXIANGSHIYING,MASHUXIUXIANDEFAZHANCHENGDUYESUIGUOJIAZHENGCE、SHEHUISHENGCHAN、JINGJIFAZHAN、LISHIWENHUA、KEJIJINBUDENGFANGMIANDEBIANHUASHOUDAOYINGXIANG。RANERZHENZHENGJIANGMASHUXIUXIANSHANGSHENGDAOQISUOCHUDESHEHUIHUANJING,KAOCHAQIZHENGZHI、JINGJI、SHENGTAI、WENHUADENGCENGMIANDEJIAOHUYINGXIANG,RENGYIOUMEIXUEZHEJUDUO。

                                  (1)SHEHUIFAZHANDUIMASHUXIUXIANFAZHANDEYINGXIANG。SHANGSHIJI80NIANDAIMO,XIONGYALIMASHUXIUXIANDEFAZHANSHOUDAOHENDAZHIYUE,YUANYINYOUER:YISHIDANGSHIGUONEIZHENGQUANZAIZHENGCESHANGYANGEXIANZHISIRENHEJIANYENONGHUXUYANGMAPI,JIANGMASHUYUZICHANJIEJILIANXIZAIYIQI;ERSHIJIXIEHUAGONGJUDEDAFUSHIYONGYIDINGCHENGDUSHANGXUEJIANLERENMENDUIMAPIDEYILAI,ZHEISHIDEMASHUXIUXIANDEFAZHANZANSHIXINGDETINGZHISHENZHIDAOTUI。RANERJINERSHINIANLAI,BANSUIZHEXIONGYALIMINJIANSHETUANYIJIQIYEJIAMENZHONGSHIDUIMADEZHONGSHI,XIONGYALIDEMAPIZONGLIANGXIANZHESHANGSHENG,MASHULVYOUHEMASHUXIUXIANZHUJIANXINGQI。JINGUANRUCI,XIONGYALIMASHUXIUXIANDEFAZHANSHUIPINGRENGMINGXIANLUOHOUYUXIOUDEGEGEMASHUDAGUO[16]。JINJISHINIANLAI,XINXIUCHEDAOFUGAILEYINGGELANHEWEIERSHIDEXIANGCUNJIBANXIANGCUNKONGJIAN,ZHEISHIYIGEJIHUBUKENIDESHEHUIJINCHENG。ZHEIYANGJIUZAIYINGGUOCHANSHENGLEMASHUCHUANTONGYOUJIUZHUOYUEYUMASHUXIUXIANHUODONGKONGJIANRIYIJIONGPOZHIJIANDEMAODUN。HAOZAISHEJIAOWANGLUODAILAIDETUANTIZIYUANFENXIANGYOUWEIYINGGUOMASHUXIUXIANDEFAZHANZHURUXINDEHUOLI,RUDIANZIDAOHANGSHEBEIDAITICHUANTONGTUZHI,YANTUBIAOSHI、LVGUANJIFUSHUSHESHIZHUBUWANSHANDENG[17]。

                                牛牛游戏厅安卓,{原始关键词}   (2)MASHUXIUXIANFAZHANDUIMUDEDIDEYINGXIANG。XUEZHEMENDADUOJIJIKANDAIMASHUXIUXIANWEISHEHUIFAZHANDAILAIDEYINGXIANG。Sylvine Pickel-Chevalier,Gwena-CUlle Grefe(2015)RENWEIMASHULVYOUNENGGOUCUJINFAGUOJINGJI、SHEHUIHEHUANJINGDEKECHIXUFAZHAN[18]。Csilla Obádovics,LászlóKulcsár(2015)RENWEIMASHUXIUXIANZAIXIONGYALIZHONGHUOSHENGJI,ZHEIZAIXIONGYALIDEJINGJIHESHEHUIFAZHANSHISHANGJUYOUZHONGDAZUOYONG:YIFANGMIAN,MASHUXIUXIANDEZHENGXIANGFAZHANBANSUIZHEGUONEIMAPISHULIANGDEXIANZHESHANGSHENG,BANSUIZHEXIANGGUANCHANYEDEJINGJICHUANGSHOU;LINGYIFANGMIAN,DUIYUXIONGYALIMASHUWENHUADEZUOWEILISHIWENHUAYICHANDECHUANCHENGJUYOUSHIFENZHONGYAODEYIYI[19]。TONGYANG,Rebekka Schmudde(2015)RENWEIBINGDAODEMASHULVYOUDUIHUANJINGHESHEHUIFAZHANQIJIJIZHENGMIANDEYINGXIANG,YOUZHUYUBAOCHIBINGDAODECHUANTONGLVXINGFANGSHI,BINGCHENGWEIXIANDAIBINGDAOWENHUADEYIBUFEN[20]。CIWAI,Balan N,Bailey G J,Abdu M ADENG(2014)RENWEIMASHULVYOUDUIYUCUJINDANGDAILVYOUFAZHANYIYIZHONGDA[21]。DANGRANYEYOURENZHICHUMASHUXIUXIANKENENGDAILAIDEFUMIANYINGXIANG,LIRUPetroman I(2015)TICHU:MASHULVYOURUGUOGUANLIBUDANGHENKENENGHUIDUIHUANJINGZAOCHENGWURAN,ZHUZHANGJIAKUAIKAIFAHUANBAOXINGLVYOUCHANPIN[22]。

                                  三、研究理论及方法

                                  XUEZHEDUIMASHUXIUXIANDETANTAOZHUYAOSHIYUNYONGSHEHUIXUE、LISHIXUE、DILIXUEHEJINGJIXUEDEXIANGGUANYANJIUFANGFA。JUTIERYAN,BAOKUOWENXIANFENXI、SHENRUFANGTAN、WENJUANDIAOCHA,BINGFUYISHULITONGJI、TUBIAOFA、BIJIAOFADENG(JIANXIABIAO),TONGGUOANLIFENXIZHONGDECHUYIDINGDEJIELUN,TICHUHELIDEDUICEJIJIANYI,BINGZUOZHANWANG。

                                  马术休闲研究学科理论及方法
                                马术休闲研究学科理论及方法

                                  四、评述与启示

                                  ZONGTIERYAN,GUOWAIMASHUXIUXIANYANJIUQIBUJIAOZAO,ZHEIYUMASHUXIUXIANZAIGUOWAIFAZHANDECHENGSHUDUGAOYOUGUAN。ZHUYAOSHICONGMASHUXIUXIANCANYUQUNTIYIJISHEHUIFAZHANYUMASHUXIUXIANFAZHANJIANDEXIANGHUZUOYONGLAIYANJIU。GUOWAIMASHUCHUANTONGWENHUALISHIYOUJIU,YUANYUANLIUZHANG,JUYOUHENGAODEGUOJIXING,SUOYIXIANQIZHUDUOMASHUDAGUOXUEZHEDEYANJIUREQING。GUONEIMASHUXIUXIANQIBUXIANGDUIJIAOWAN,XUEZHEZHUYAOSHICONGMASHUXIUXIANDEZHUYAOCHANGSUOYIJIMASHUXIUXIANCHANYEDEFAZHANLIANGFANGMIANYANJIU。

                                  JINGUANRUCI,HAISHIYINGGAIQINGXINGDIKANDAO,MASHUXIUXIANYANJIULISHIHAIBIJIAODUANZAN,YANJIUCHENGGUOYEYOUXIAN,DUOTINGLIUZAIGAINIAN、JIESHAOFANGMIAN,QIJINHAIMEIYOUXINGCHENGZIJIDELILUN,MUQIANDEYANJIUFANGFADUOSHISHIYONGDILIXUE、SHEHUIXUE、JINGJIXUEDENGXUEKEDEFENXIFANGFA,GUONEIXIANYOUDEYANJIUDIYUFANWEILVEXIANJUXIAN。

                                  WOGUODIYULIAOKUO,JINGJIPENGBOHUOLI,RENMINSHENGHUOSHUIPINGRIYITIGAO,XIUXIANCHANYEZHENGZHENGRISHANG,SHEHUIJIAOWANGDEXUQIUGENGJIAQIANGLIE,MASHUXIUXIANQIANLIJUDA,FAZHANDAYOUTIANDI。YINCISHENRUFENXIDANGQIANWOGUOMASHUXIUXIANCANYUQUNTIDESHEHUIXUETEZHENGYIJIXIAOFEIQIANLI,TANTAORUHEFAJUEHEPEIYANGQIANZAIDEMASHUXIUXIANCANYUZHE,CONGERTUIJINXIUXIANXUEKEDEYANJIUJINZHAN,TUOZHANWOGUODEJIANSHENXIUXIANLINGYU,CUJINMASHUXIUXIANCHANYEDEKECHIXUFAZHAN。

                                  参考文献

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                                  注释

                                  1国务院办公厅.国务院办公厅关于加快发展健身休闲产业的指导意见[R].(2015-10-28).http://www.gov.cn/zhengce/con tent/2016-10/28/content_5125475.htm。
                                  2国务院.国务院关于印发全民健身计划(2016-2020年)的通知[R].(2015-06-23).http://www.gov.cn/zhengce/conten t/2016-06/23/content_5084564.htm。
                                牛牛游戏厅安卓,{原始关键词}   3《马术》杂志、马术在线、北京正诚腾骏国际贸易有限公司.2018年中国马术行业发展状况调查报告[R].(2017-12-17).http://baijiahao.baidu.com/s?id=09224326&wfr=spider&for=pc。

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