牛牛游戏厅安卓,{原始关键词}

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                      当前位置: 代写一篇论文多少钱 > 体育论文 > 老年人体育休闲健身影响因素与加强措施

                      老年人体育休闲健身影响因素与加强措施

                      时间:2020-04-02 14:07作者:蔡静雅 付兆杰 于文霞
                      本文导读:这是一篇关于老年人体育休闲健身影响因素与加强措施的文章,我国的体育总局也发布了相关的条款着重强调了新形势下的老年人体育工作的首要任务,就是要增强老年人的体质锻炼、提高老年人的健康水平、还有丰富老年人的精神生活;提出了要为全体老年人逐渐建立健全的公共体育服务

                        摘    要: 牛牛游戏厅安卓,{原始关键词}我国近年来兴起了社区体育的活动,随着社区体育迅速的发展,为老年人创造了很好的运动条件,为他们提供了多种体育休闲活动,但是缺乏运动器材、缺少活动指导员以及社区的管理组织混乱等问题还是屡见不鲜。本文主要针对我国老年人的社区服务需求和现实供给之间的差异,对我国老年人社区休闲功能的现状进行分析,并提出相应的对策。

                        关键词:牛牛游戏厅安卓,{原始关键词} 老年人; 社区体育; 休闲功能;

                      牛牛游戏厅安卓,{原始关键词}   WOGUODETIYUZONGJUYEFABULEXIANGGUANDETIAOKUANZHEZHONGQIANGDIAOLEXINXINGSHIXIADELAONIANRENTIYUGONGZUODESHOUYAORENWU,JIUSHIYAOZENGQIANGLAONIANRENDETIZHIDUANLIAN、TIGAOLAONIANRENDEJIANKANGSHUIPING、HAIYOUFENGFULAONIANRENDEJINGSHENSHENGHUO;TICHULEYAOWEIQUANTILAONIANRENZHUJIANJIANLIJIANQUANDEGONGGONGTIYUFUWUTIXI,WEILAONIANRENTIGONGSUOXUYAODEGONGGONGTIYUCHANPIN,ZHEIDADAZENGJIACANJIATIYUJIANSHENDELAONIANRENDESHULIANG,TIGAOLELAONIANRENZAITIYUHEJIANSHENFANGMIANDEXIAOFEIYISHI,HAISHIDEWOGUODERENJUNTIYUXIAOFEIZHICHUDEJINEZENGDA。

                        一、我国老年人休闲体育的现状

                        JUZILIAOXIANSHIWOGUOMUQIANCUNZAIZHEHENDUOKONGCHAOLAOREN,DUIYUTAMENERYAN,ZAIRICHANGSHENGHUOZHONGMEIYOUZINVDEKANWANGHEDUIHAIZIDEGUODUXIANGNIAN,ZHEIYANGZHANGSHIJIANYUQINRENNANYIPENGMIAN,WUFAJIAOLIUHUISHIDELAONIANRENHENDEDAOGUANAI,RONGYICHANSHENGQINGXUSHILUO、SIWEIHUNLUAN、JIAOZAOBUNINGDENGBIAOXIAN,ZHEIXIEBIAOXIANYESHIYIYUZHENGDEBIAOXIANXINGSHI。JUSHIJIEWEISHENGZUZHIDETONGJI,YIYUZHENGLAORENZHANLAONIANRENKOUDE7%-10%,YOU50%DELAONIANRENKENENGHUIHUANYOUQUTIJIBING。SHEQUTIYUDEXIUXIANGONGNENGNENGGOUZENGQIANGLAONIANRENDESHENTIDUANLIAN,HAIKEYIFENGFUTAMENDEJINGSHENWENHUASHENGHUO,YOULIYUCUJINLAONIANRENDERENJIJIAOWANG,ZHEIYANGKEYIZENGQIANGLAONIANRENZHIJIANDEQINGGANJIAOLIU。JUXIANGGUANTONGJIJIEGUOXIANSHI,WOGUOLAONIANRENDADUOSHUDEXIANXIASHIJIANDOUHUAFEIZAIKANDIANSHISHANG,BINGMEIYOUQITADEXIUXIANFANGSHI,ZHEIXIELAORENDADUOSHUQUEFADUANLIANYISI,HENNANHELIDELIYONGZIJIDEXIUXIANSHIJIAN。

                        二、影响老年人体育休闲健身的因素

                        (一)欠缺公共体育设施

                        DANGQIANYINGXIANGLAONIANTIYUXIUXIANHUODONGDEZHUYAOWENTIJIUSHIGONGGONGTIYUSHESHIDEBUJIANQUAN,TIYUCHANGDISHILAONIANRENJINXINGTIYUHUODONGDEJIBENDEXUQIU,ERQIEYESHIZHANGXIANGUOJIATIYUFAZHANSHUIPINGDEZHUYAOBIAOZHI。ZAIDILIUCIQUANGUOTIYUCHANGDIDEPUCHAJIEGUOZHONG,DAO2017NIANDI,WOGUOGONGYOU171.3WANGETIYUCHANGDI,PINGJUNMEIWANRENYOU10.1GETIYUCHANGDI,RENJUNTIYUCHANGDIMIANJIYOU1.23PINGFANGMI。JINGUANWOGUODETIYUCHANGDIZAIBUDUANJINXINGZENGJIA,DANHAISHIHENNANMANZULAONIANRENDETIYUHUODONGDEXUQIU。CHUCIYIWAI,BUFENTIYUCHANGGUANSHICHANGCHUYUGUANBIZHUANGTAI,ZHENGCHANGQINGKUANGXIAJINZHIRENMENJINRUGUANNEI,SUIRANYOUXIETIYUGUANSHIGONGKAIKAIFANGDE,DANQUESHIYINGLIXINGZHI。

                        (二)社区休闲体育配套资源缺乏

                        我国的社区管理和组织人员的能力和专业水平不够高,特别是在对老年人的休闲生活的组织和管理工作,严重缺乏社区管理的专业训练。据研究表明,我国的社区体育健身知道人员中有一部分没有受过专业培训,管理者部分是退休人员担任的,这些与日益增长的体育休闲运动的需求完全不匹配,无法满足老年人的实际需求。
                       

                      老年人体育休闲健身影响因素与加强措施
                       

                        (三)老年社区体育休闲管理和管理体制不健全

                      牛牛游戏厅安卓,{原始关键词}   DIYIDIANJIUSHIZHENGFUDEGONGJIHELAONIANRENDETIYUXUQIUCHULIBUDANG,DAOZHIGONGQIUGUANXIBUWENDING,SUIZHERENKOULAOLINGHUADEQUSHIZENGJIA,LAONIANRENDESHULIANGYEZAIZENGJIA,ZHENGFUDEBANGZHUYIJINGYUANBUNENGMANZULAONIANRENDETIYUXIUXIANXUQIU。DIERDIAN,SUIRANHENDUOCHENGSHIYIJINGJIANLILELAONIANJIEDAOTIYUXIEHUI,DANSHISHEQUDEXIUXIANXINGSHIRENGRANBIJIAODANYI,YIXIEDUANLIANHUODONGBINGMEIYOUBEIZUZHI。DISANDIAN,DANGQIANLAONIANSHEQUXIUXIANTIYUGONGZUODEZHIZEZHONGBINGMEIYOUZHICHUGUANLIFANGMIANDEZHIZENEIRONG,DAOZHIZUZHIHEGUANLIGONGZUOMEIYOUJIANQUANDEFALVFAGUIKEYITIGONGCANKAO,SUOYILAONIANTIYUDEXIUXIANWENTIHAISHIMEIYOUDEDAOZUGOUZHONGSHI。

                        三、促进老年体育休闲的发展策略

                        (一)加大宣传力度,树立科学休闲的体育观

                      牛牛游戏厅安卓,{原始关键词}   XIUXIANTIYUSHIGUOJIAZONGHESHENGCHANLIFAZHANSHUIPINGDEBIAOZHUNBIAOXIAN,YESHIPINGGUGUOJIADESHEHUIWENMINGYOUYUQITAGUOJIADEZHONGDIANKAOLIANG,HAISHIYIZHONGWENMINGDE、JIANKANGDESHENGHUOFANGSHI。SUOYIWOGUODEGEJIZHENGFUBUMENXUYAOJIADAXUANCHUANLAONIANXIUXIANTIYU,YICILAITIGAOLAONIANRENDUITIYUHUODONGHEJIANSHENHUODONGDERENSHI。KEYIRANGLAONIANRENSHULIZHENGQUEDEJIANKANGGUANNIAN,PEIYANGTAMENJIAQIANGTIYUDUANLIANDEYISHI,ZHIHOUTONGGUOJIANKAGANZHIDAOYUANDEZUZHIHEDUILAONIANRENJINXINGKEXUEDEZHIDAO,YIBAOZHENGLAONIANRENDETIYUHUODONGDEYIZHENGCHANGZHANKAI,NENGGOUCUJINLAONIANRENDESHENXINJIANKANGFAZHAN,HAINENGHUANJIEWOGUORENKOULAOLINGHUASUODAILAIDEYALI。

                        (二)增加经费投入和场地设施建设

                        CHULEZHENGFUDEGONGGONGCAIZHENGZHICHUSUOJIANLIDEJICHUCHANGDIHESHESHIZHIWAI,HAIXUYAOFAHUIQITADEGONGYIBUMENDEZUOYONG,KEYILIYONGXUEXIAO、QIYEDANWEI、SHEQUTUANTIDENGZIYUANJITAMENDELILIANGJINKENENGDISHIXIANLAONIANXIUXIANTIYUZIYUANDEGONGXIANG。HAIXUYAOCHONGFENLIYONGYIYOUDECHANGDIHESHESHI。GUOJIADUIXUEXIAODETIYUHEJINGJITIYUDETOUZIBIJIAODA,SUOYICHANGDISHESHIDOUBIQUNZHONGTIYUDESHESHIYAOHAOHENDUO,DANSHIZHEIXIECHANGDIDABUFENBINGMEIYOUDEDAOWANQUANDE、CHONGFENDESHIYONG。HENDUOTIYUGUANZHIYONGYUJIAOXUEHEJINGJIBISAI,RICHANGSHENGHUOZHONGDABUFENSHIKONGXIANZHUANGTAI,ZHEIYANGJISHIDUIWULIHECAILIDELANGFEIYEBULIYULAONIANXIUXIANTIYUDEFAZHAN,SUOYIXIANGGUANBUMENYINGGAIJIEHESHIJIDEQINGKUANGDUITIYUZIYUANJINXINGZHENGHEYUNYONG。

                        (三)大力培养体育指导员

                        DANGQIANWOGUOSHEHUIZHIDAOYUANDERENSHUFEICHANGSHAO,ERQIEZHUANYESHUIPINGDABUXIANGTONG,NANYIMANZULAONIANRENDEXIUXIANTIYUXUQIU。SUOYIZHENGFUYINGGAIJIAQIANGDUIZHIDAORENYANDEPEIYANG,ZUZHIBINGJIANLIGENGJIAZHUANYEDEZHIDAOTUANDUIWEILAONIANRENDESHEQUTIYUYUNDONGJINXINGFUWU。ZHENGFUYINGGAIDALIKAIZHANLAONIANRENDESHEQUFUWU,TIGONGGENGDUODEYUNDONGSHESHIMANZULAONIANRENDEXUQIU,YINDAOLAONIANRENSHULIJIANKANG、KEXUEDEJIANSHENGUANNIAN,YOULIYUJIAQIANGLAONIANRENDESHENXINJIANKANGFAZHANHETUIDONGGUOJIADEJINGSHENWENMINGJIANSHE。

                        参考文献

                        [1] 国家体育总局.关于进一步加强新形势下老年人体育工作的意[EB/OL]. http://www. sport. gov. cn/n16/n2061573/n2760888/7183951.html.
                        [2] 蒋正华.中国人口老龄化现象及对策[J].求是,2017,(6):41-43.
                        [3] 闫芳,李淑然,刘津,等.老年期痴呆和老年抑郁症的流行病学调查[J]中华医学杂志,2002,(82):1025.
                        [4] 辛利,周毅.中国城市老年人体育生活方式的现状与发展趋势[J].中国体育科技,2018,(3).

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