牛牛游戏厅安卓,{原始关键词}

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                      1. 当前位置: 代写一篇论文多少钱 > 体育论文 > 瑜伽课程练习对女大学生身体形象的影响

                        瑜伽课程练习对女大学生身体形象的影响

                        时间:2020-04-21 11:06作者:马玲
                        本文导读:这是一篇关于瑜伽课程练习对女大学生身体形象的影响的文章,瑜伽(Yoga)是起源印度的一种身体、心灵与精神相结合的修身养心的运动方式。近年来,瑜伽逐步演变为一种流行的体育健身运动,越来越多的人通过练习瑜伽保持健康和改善身体形象。身体形象(body image)是身体各种形态留给

                          摘    要:牛牛游戏厅安卓,{原始关键词} 目的:探讨瑜伽练习对女大学生身体形象的塑造和影响,并比较瑜伽结合健康形体训练与传统瑜伽练习对其身体形象的改善效果。方法:将瑜伽班120名同学随机均分两组:原始组和干预组。原始组采用传统瑜伽拜日十二式进行训练,干预组是将传统瑜伽练习与健康形体训练相组合,进行为期16周的训练后分别对两组人员进行训练前后多维自我体像调查问卷(MBSRQ)调查和PostureScreen软件进行直立姿势评估比较。结果:16周后,两组被试者在相貌倾向、舒适评估、舒适倾向、身体满意度和体重5个维度评分均明显高于16周前(P<0.05)且干预组被试者在相貌倾向、舒适评估和身体满意度3个维度评分均明显高于原始组(P<0.05);16周后,两组被试者冠状面倾斜度、矢状面倾斜度和腰臀比均明显低于16周前(P<0.05),身体质量指数(BMI)无明显变化(P>0.05);干预组被试者矢状面倾斜度和腰臀比明显低于原始组(P<0.05)。结论:瑜伽练习融入个性化的健康形体训练可以有效提高女大学生对身体形象和体型满意度,对其身体良好姿势具有正向维持和纠正,使身体处于健康体态,达到塑形和形体美状态。

                          关键词:牛牛游戏厅安卓,{原始关键词} 瑜伽练习; 身体形象; 自我体像评价; 直立姿势评估;

                          Abstract: Objective:In this study,we aimed to investigate the effects of yoga on the body image of femalecollege students,and compares the influence of traditional yoga on the body image with yoga combined with healthy posture training.Methods:120 students in the yoga class were randomly divided into two groups:the original group and the intervention group.The original group adopted the single yoga practice mode,while the intervention group applied the single yoga combined the healthy posture training.Over a 16-week period,the subjects received the Multidimensional Body-Self Relations Questionnaire (MBSRQ) at the 0 week and 16 week.Body image was evaluated using the PostureScreen.Result:The MBSRQ self-image scores of the two groups were significantly increased in five dimensions after 16 weeks,including appearance orientation,fitness evaluation,fitness orientation,body-areas satisfaction and weight (P< 0.05).The scores of the intervention group were significantly higher than that in the original group in three dimensions,including appearance orientation,fitness evaluation and body-areas satisfaction (P< 0.05);The posture evaluation shown that coronal plane inclination,sagittal plane inclination and the waist to hip ratio (WHR) of subjects were significantly decreased after 16 week (P<0.05).The Body Mass Index (BMI) have not evident improvement (P>0.05).The sagittal plane inclination and WHR of subjects in the intervention group were significantly lower than that in the original group (P< 0.05).Conclusion:Yogasignificantly improved the satisfaction of the body image and weight in female college students when combined with healthy posture training,which can effectively correct the poor posture of the body and maintain the favorable posture,reaching health and beauty.

                          Keyword: yoga; body image; MBSRQ; posture evaluation;

                          引言

                        牛牛游戏厅安卓,{原始关键词}   YUJIA(Yoga)SHIQIYUANYINDUDEYIZHONGSHENTI、XINLINGYUJINGSHENXIANGJIEHEDEXIUSHENYANGXINDEYUNDONGFANGSHI。JINNIANLAI,YUJIAZHUBUYANBIANWEIYIZHONGLIUXINGDETIYUJIANSHENYUNDONG,YUELAIYUEDUODERENTONGGUOLIANXIYUJIABAOCHIJIANKANGHEGAISHANSHENTIXINGXIANG。SHENTIXINGXIANG(body image)SHISHENTIGEZHONGXINGTAILIUJIRENZHENGTIGANXINGDERENZHIYINXIANG。SHENTIXINGXIANGZHUYAOSHEJISHENTIWAIXING、TIYANJIGANZHIJUEDENG,ZHUYAOSHOUSHENTI、XINLIHESHEHUIYINSUDEYINGXIANG。NIANQINGNVXINGGENGJIAGUANZHUZIJIDESHENTIXINGXIANG,50%-70%DENIANQINGNVXINGRENWEIZIWOSHENTIXINGXIANGBUJIA。XIAOJIDESHENTIXINGXIANGMANYIDUHUIDUINIANQINGNVXINGCHANSHENGDUOZHONGFUMIANYINGXIANG,RUYUNDONGYISHIDANBO、GUODUJIESHIDENG。XIANGFAN,JIJIDESHENTIXINGXIANGMANYIDUNENGCUJINJIANKANGYINSHI、XINGWEIXIGUANJISHENXINJIANKANG。GUONEIYOUYANJIUBIAOMINGYUNDONGKEYIYOUXIAOGAISHANDAXUESHENGDESHENTIXINGXIANG,YUJIAKEYIYOUXIAOGAISHANNVDAXUESHENGSHENTIXINGTAI。Emma HalliwellDENGYANJIUXIANSHI,YUJIAKEYIYOUXIAOGAISHANNVXINGSHENTIXINGXIANG。YUJIABEIRENWEISHIYIZHONGNENGGOUFAZHANHEBAOCHIJIJISHENTIXINGXIANGDEJIANSHENYUNDONG。ZAIGUONEI,YUJIAKECHENGZHUBULIUXINGYUGEGAOXIAODETIYUJIAOXUEKECHENGZHONG,DANGAOXIAOYUJIAKECHENGGUIFANHUAJIAOXUEYULIANXIDUIYUDAXUESHENGSHENTIXINGXIANGHETITAIYINGXIANGSHAOYOUYANJIU。BENWENZHUYAOYANJIUGAOXIAOYUJIAKECHENGDELIANXIDUIYUNVDAXUESHENGSHENTIXINGXIANGDEYINGXIANGHEGAISHAN,CHUANTONGDANYIYUJIALIANXIYUYUJIAJIEHEJIANKANGXINGTIXUNLIANDUISHENTIXINGXIANGGAISHANDEBIJIAO。

                          一、对象与方法

                          1.研究对象

                          2017年2月至2017年7月期间,华中科技大学文华学院瑜伽班120名女大学生为研究对象,年龄18~24(平均年龄20.21岁,标准差3.15)岁,BMI平均值20.55,标准差2.76。
                         

                        瑜伽课程练习对女大学生身体形象的影响
                         

                          2.实验分组

                          JIANGYUJIABAN180MINGNVDAXUESHENGSUIJIJUNFENWEIYUANSHIZUHEGANYUZU,YUANSHIZUCAIYONGCHANGGUIYUJIALIANXIMOSHIBAIRISHIERSHIJINXINGXUNLIAN,GANYUZUSHIJIANGCHANGGUIYUJIALIANXIHEJIANKANGXINGTIXUNLIANXIANGJIEHE。YUANSHIZUNIANLING20.41±2.35SUI,BMIWEI20.78±1.38;GANYUZUNIANLING20.12±1.86SUI,BMIWEI20.35±1.55。LIANGZUZHIJIANWUTONGJIXUECHAYI。JIANKANGXINGTIXUNLIANSHIGANYUZUZHONGZHENDUICUNZAIWANYAO、TUOBEI、TOUQIANSHEN、WAITOUXIEJIAN、GUPENHOUQINGDENGBULIANGTITAITONGXUEDEGEXINGHUAXINGTIXUNLIAN。JIANKANGXINGTIJICHUXUNLIAN:MUBIAOSHITIGAOSHENTIGEBUWEIDEWEIZHIGANJUE、JIAQIANGHEXINJIROULILIANGHEJIZHUWENDINGXING,KESHIGEZHENDUIXINGLIANXIGENGJIAYOUXIAO。ZHUYAOYOUSHANSHIZHANLI、HUANYISHI、MAOSHISHENZHAN、JIAOCHAPINGHENGYISHI、XIEBANSHIDENG。

                        牛牛游戏厅安卓,{原始关键词}   ZHENDUIBULIANGZITAICAIQUDEJIANKANGXINGTIXUNLIANFANGFA:TUOBEISONGKUAXING—TIANESHIHEJIANKANGXINGTIJICHUXUNLIAN;TAYAOJIANGZHIXING—SUOTUISHIHEJIANKANGXINGTIJICHUXUNLIAN;TANJINGWOJIANXING—SHANSHIZHANLIHEJIANKANGXINGTIJICHUXUNLIAN;WAITOUXIEJIANXING—JIROULILIANGLIANXI(TOUXIANGRUOCEWAI30MIAO、GAOJIANCEXIAYA30MIAOWEIYIZU,ZHONGFU)、FENGCHUISHUSHIHEKOUSHOUSHI;GUPENHOUQING—JIANYICHUANSHI、DENGZIXINGCHESHI、ZUOJIAOSHI、ZUOJIAOTICEQIANQUSHIJIMAOSHIDENG。YUANSHIZUCAIYONGCHANGGUIYUJIALIANXI;GANYUZUCHUHEYUANSHIZUYIYANGCAIYONGCHANGGUIYUJIALIANXIWAI,HAITONGSHIZHENDUIBULIANGTITAIDEGANYUZUCHENGYUANJINXINGGEXINGHUADEJIANKANGXINGTIXUNLIAN,LIANGZUJUNJINXINGWEIQI16ZHOUDEXUNLIAN,MEIZHOUSHANGKE60FENZHONG。

                          3.测试方法

                          LIANGZURENYUANZAIKECHENGKAISHIZHIQIANHE16ZHOUJIAOXUEXUNLIANZHIHOUJUNXUJINXINGZIWOTIXIANGDIAOCHAHEZHILIZISHIPINGGU。

                          (1)自我体像调查

                        牛牛游戏厅安卓,{原始关键词}   ZIWOTIXIANGDIAOCHACAIYONGMARUMENGDENGXIUDINGDEDUOWEIZIWOTIXIANGDIAOCHAWENJUAN(Multimensional Body-self Relations Questionaire,MBSRQ),WENJUANBAOKUO10GEWEIDU:XIANGMAOPINGGUHEXIANGMAOQINGXIANG(GETIDUIYUZISHENWAIMAODEPINGGUHEGUANZHU);SHUSHIPINGGUHESHUSHIQINGXIANG(GETIDUIZISHENSHENTISUZHIDEPINGGUHEGUANZHU);JIANKANGPINGGUHEJIANKANGQINGXIANG(GETIDUIZISHENJIANKANGCHENGDUDEPINGGUYIJIJIANKANGSHENGHUOFANGSHIHEGUANNIANDEGUANZHU);JIBINGQINGXIANG(GETIDUISHENTIHUANBINGHUOJIJIANGHUANBINGSHIDEJINGJUEFANYING);SHENTIBUWEIMANYIDU(GETIDUIYUSHENTIGEGEBUWEIDEZHENGTIMANYICHENGDUDEPINGGU);CHAOZHONG(GETIDUIYUZISHENTIZHONGRUFEIPANGDENGDEJINGJUECHENGDU);ZIWOFENLEI(GETIZHUGUANPINGGUZISHENTIZHONGGUIWEIPIANSHOU、ZHENGCHANGHECHAOZHONGDEQINGXIANG)。XIUDINGHOUDEMBSRQWENJUANGONGYOU93DAOTIMU,MEIDAOTIJUNYOU“WANQUANBUTONGYI”ZHI“WANQUANTONGYI”1~5DEPINGFENDENGJI,TEDINGJIFENFANGSHIPANDUANBEISHIZHEZAIGEGEWEIDUSHANGDEFENSHUIPING。MBSRQWENJUANJIEGUOYIBEISHIZHEZIWOBAOGAOXINGSHIDEDAO,CESHIFANYINGLIANGGEQINGXIANG:PINGGUHERENZHI-XINGWEIQINGXIANG。TAMENFENBIEDAIBIAOLE“TIXIANG”、“JIANKANG”、“JIANKANGQINGXIANG”DENG,CILIANGBIAOJUYOULIANGHAODEXINDUHEXIAODU。

                          (2)直立姿势评估

                          ZHILIZISHIPINGGUCAIYONGPostureScreenRUANJIAN,DUIBEISHIZHEZHILIGUANZHUANGMIANHESHIZHUANGMIANPAIZHAOJINXINGZHENGTIZISHIPINGGU,ANRUANJIANYAOQIUTIANRUBEISHIZHEJIBENXINXIJIKEDEDAOBMIZHIHEYAOTUNBIZHI。MEICIPINGGUZHIQIANBEISHIZHEJINLIANGCHUANZHETONGYITEDINGFUZHUANG(NVSHIYUNDONGWENXIONGHEDUANKU),YIBIAOZHUNHUAFANGSHISHEZHIBEISHIZHESUOZAIWEIZHI,QUEBAOZHENGGECESHIGUOCHENGZHONGTIAOJIANJUNYI。ZISHIPINGGUZHUYAOFENXIXUNLIANQIANHOUBEISHIZHEGUANZHUANGMIANQINGXIEDU、SHIZHUANGMIANQINGXIEDU、YAOTUNBIJIBMIBIANHUA。BENYANJIUZHONGSHIZHUANGMIANQINGXIEDUSHIZHISHOUSHIZHEZHILIZHANWEIHOUQITOUBU、JIANBU、TUNBU、XIGUANJIEJIJIAOHUAIDENGWUGEDINGDIANBUWEIZISHANGERXIAYICILIANXIANHOU,SIXIANFENBIEJIAOZHILICHUIZHIXIANQINGXIEJIAODUDEZONGHE。GUANZHUANGMIANQINGXIEDUSHIZHISHOUSHIZHEZHILIZHANWEIHOUQILIANGYANBU、LIANGJIANBU、XIONGKUOLIANGCE、PENGULIANGCEJILIANGCEJIAOHUAIDENGLIANGDINGDIANLIANXIAN,GEZHONGDIANZISHANGERXIAYICILIANXIANHOUSIXIANFENBIEJIAOZHILICHUIZHIXIANQINGXIEJIAODUDEZONGHE。GUANZHUANGMIANQINGXIEDUHESHIZHUANGMIANQINGXIEDUSHIYIZHONGXIANSHIQUTIZHENGTIWANQUCHENGDUDEPINGJIAZHIBIAO,LIANGZHEYUYAOTUNBIJUNSHITITAIHEXINGTIMEIDEZHONGYAOZHIBIAO。

                          4.统计学处理

                          BENYANJIUSUODESHUJUTONGGUOExcelRUANJIANSHOUJIZHENGLI,CAIYONGSPSS 20.0TONGJIRUANJIANJINXINGTONGJIXUEFENXI,SUODESHUJUYIJUNZHI±BIAOZHUNCHA(±s)BIAOSHI,LIANGLIANGBIJIAOCAIYONGLSD-tJIANYAN,P﹤0.05SHIJUYOUTONGJIXUEYIYI。

                          二、结果

                          1.原始组与干预组自我体像评价得分比较

                          YUANSHIZUHEGANYUZUBEISHIZHEJINXINGMBRSQWENJUANPINGJIA,CANJIAXUNLIANZHIQIANWENJUANPINGJIAJIEGUOXIANSHILIANGZUBEISHIZHEZAI10GEWEIDUDEFENWUTONGJIXUECHAYI(P>0.05)。16ZHOUHOU,LIANGZUBEISHIZHEZAIXIANGMAOQINGXIANG、SHUSHIPINGGU、SHUSHIQINGXIANG、SHENTIMANYIDUHETIZHONG5GEWEIDUPINGFENJUNMINGXIANGAOYU16ZHOUQIAN(P<0.05);ERGANYUZUBEISHIZHEZAIXIANGMAOQINGXIANG、SHUSHIPINGGUHESHENTIMANYIDU3GEWEIDUPINGFENJUNMINGXIANGAOYUYUANSHIZU(P<0.05)(JIANBIAO1)。

                          表1 原始组和干预组自我体像评价得分比较(±s)
                        表1 原始组和干预组自我体像评价得分比较(±s)

                          
                          注:干预组和原始组分别在第16周与第0周比较:#P<0.05,##P<0.01;第16周干预组与原始组比较:*P<0.05,**P<0.01。下表同。

                          2.原始组与干预组姿势与体态评估比较

                        牛牛游戏厅安卓,{原始关键词}   CAIYONGPostureScreenRUANJIANDUIYUANSHIZUHEGANYUZUBEISHIZHEJINXINGZHILIZISHIPINGGUFENXI,DI0ZHOUSHIZISHIPINGGUXIANSHILIANGZUBEISHIZHEZAIGUANZHUANGMIANQINGXIEDU、SHIZHUANGMIANQINGXIEDU、YAOTUNBIHEBMIBIJIAOJUNWUTONGJIXUECHAYI(P>0.05)。16ZHOUHOU,LIANGZUBEISHIZHEGUANZHUANGMIANQINGXIEDU、SHIZHUANGMIANQINGXIEDUHEYAOTUNBIJUNMINGXIANDIYU16ZHOUQIAN(P<0.05),BMIWUMINGXIANBIANHUA(P>0.05);ERGANYUZUBEISHIZHEDESHIZHUANGMIANQINGXIEDUHEYAOTUNBIMINGXIANDIYUYUANSHIZU(P<0.05),GUANZHUANGMIANQINGXIEDUHEBMIWUMINGXIANCHAYI(P>0.05)(JIANBIAO2)。

                          表2 原始组和干预组姿势与体态评估比较(±s)
                        表2 原始组和干预组姿势与体态评估比较(±s)

                          
                          三、讨论

                          JINNIANLAI,YUELAIYUEDUODERENTONGGUOLIANXIYUJIALAIGAISHANZIJIDESHENTIXINGXIANG,YUJIAYICHENGWEIDANGQIANSHEHUIYIZHONGLIUXINGDETIYUJIANSHENYUNDONG,LIANXIYUJIASHIRENSHENTIHEJINGSHENSHANGDEDAOSHUANGZHONGXIANGSHOU。YUJIABUJINNENGGOUHUANJIEYALI、SHIFANGZIWO,ERQIENENGTONGGUOYOUXIAODIAOJIERENTISHENJINGXITONG、NEIFENMIXITONGDENG,WEICHIJITIZHENGTIPINGHENG, BAOCHIJIANKANGHEXINGTIMEI。BENWENZHUYAOZHENDUICUNZAIBULIANGTITAIDEYUJIALIANXIZHEDETITAIHESHENTIXINGXIANGTEDIANJINXINGGEXINGHUADEJIANKANGXINGTIXUNLIAN,GENJULIANXIZHESHIJIQINGKUANG、JIESHOUCHENGDUDENG,CONGJIANDAONAN、XUNXUJIANJIN、ZHUBUTIGAOQISHIYINGXING,SHEJIZHENDUIBUTONGGETITITAIDEXUNLIANFANGFA,LIANXISHUNXU、LIANXISHIJIAN、ZHUYISHIXIANGDENGRONGYIJIYI、CAOZUOXINGQIANG。

                          CAIYONGMBRSQWENJUANHEPostureScreenRUANJIANFENXI16ZHOUYUJIALIANXIQIANHOUBEISHIZHEJINXINGZIWOTIXIANGDIAOCHAHEZHILIZISHIPINGGU。TONGGUOMBRSQDIAOCHAFAXIAN,LIANXIYUJIAHOUNVDAXUESHENGGENGJIAGUANZHUZIJIDEXINGTIRONGMAOHETIZHONG,DUIYUXINGTIBIANHUAGENGJIAMINGAN,ZHANGQIZHENGGUIDEYUJIALIANXITIGAOLEQIDUIYUZIWOSHENTIXINGXIANGHETIXINGTIZHONGDEMANYICHENGDU,ZIWOGANJUEXINGTIBIANHUAGENGMEI。PostureScreenZISHIPINGGUFAXIANYUJIALIANXIHOULIANGZUNVDAXUESHENGSHENTIZHILIWEIZHENGTIGUANZHUANGMIANQINGXIEDU、SHIZHUANGMIANQINGXIEDUHEYAOTUNBIMINGXIANXIAJIANG,GUANZHUANGMIANYUSHIZHUANGMIANZHENGTIQINGXIEDUYUEXIAODAIBIAOSHENTIZHILIZISHIYUEXIANGCHUIZHIXIANKAOJIN。JIZHUZHENGTIYUECHUYUZHENGCHANGJIEPOUWEIZHI,JITIGEGUANJIEBUWEIKEYOUXIAODIKANGZHONGLIZUOYONG,SHIGUANJIEYALI、JIROUJIRENDAISHENSUODENGSHENTIJINENGZUOYONGBUWEICHUYUPINGHENGZHUANGTAI,RENTISHENGLIJINENGZUIYOUXIAOLVQIEZUIANQUAN。RUGUOSHENTIMOUYIBUWEICHUXIANZISHIBULIANG,JITIJIANGTONGGUOQITASHENTIBUFENJINXINGSHENGLIDAICHANGYIPINGHENGJINENG,ZHANGCIYIWANGSHENGLIDAICHANGWUFAMANZUJITIXUQIU,TINEIPINGHENGBEIDAPO,ZHUBUHUICHUXIANJINGQIANSHEN、TUOBEI、JIZHUBIANXINGDENGZISHIBULIANG,JINGZHUIHEYAOBEITENGTONGDENGGUGEJIROUXINGJIBING,CONGERYINGXIANGXINGTIMEIGUANHESHENTIJIANKANG。YAOTUNBISHIPANDUANZHONGXINXINGFEIPANG、YUCENVXINGSHENGYULIJIPINGJIANVXINGXIYINLIDEZHONGYAOZHIBIAO,KEYOUXIAOPINGJIARENTIJIANKANGHEXINGTI,YIBANRENWEIJIEJIN0.7ZUIJIA。BMIYOUJIAOBIAOZHUNTIZHONGSHIFANYINGHEHENGLIANGRENTIJIANKANGZHUANGKUANGDEZHONGYAOZHIBIAOZHIYI,ZHONGGUOCANKAOBIAOZHUNWEI18.5≤BMI<24。BENYANJIUZHONGLIANGZUYUJIALIANXIBEISHIZHEJIEWEIZAIXIAONVXINGDAXUESHENG,QISHIPINGJUNBMIYUEWEI19.13,SHUYUZHENGCHANGFANWEINEI。JINGGUOYUJIALIANXIHOU,BMIBINGMEIYOUMINGXIANBIANHUA。SHUOMINGJINGGUOYUJIALIANXIDUANQINEIBINGBUHUIMINGXIANGAISHANNVXINGDAXUESHENGBMI,DANKEYOUXIAOCUJINRENTIXIANGLIANGHAOSHENTIZISHIWEICHIHEJIUZHENG,CONGERSHINIANQINGNVXINGDADAOSHENTIXINGXIANGJIANKANGTITAI。YOUYANJIUXIANSHI,CANJIAYUJIALIANXIZHEXIANGBIBULIANXIZHEZAITIZHONG、YAOWEI、TUNWEI、TUIWEIDENGXINGTIFANGMIANZENGZHANGCHENGFANXIANGZENGZHANGQUSHI,SHISHENTIQUXIANGENGJIAWANMEI,GENGJUMEIGAN,KEYIMINGXIANGAISHANSHENTIXINGTAI。

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                          结束语

                          ZONGSHANG,YUJIALIANXIRONGRUGEXINGHUADEJIANKANGXINGTIXUNLIANKEYIGENGYOUXIAOTIGAONVDAXUESHENGDUISHENTIXINGXIANGHETIXINGMANYIDU,CUJINSHENTIXIANGLIANGHAOZISHIWEICHIHEJIUZHENG,SHISHENTICHUYUJIANKANGTITAI,DADAOSUXINGHEXINGTIMEIZHUANGTAI,WEIYUJIALIANXIZHEHEGAOXIAOYUJIAJIAOXUEMOSHITIGONGCANKAOHEJIEJIAN。

                          参考文献

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                          [2]Halliwell E,Dawson K,Burkey S.A randomized experimental evaluation of a yoga-based body image intervention[J].Body Image,2019.
                          [3]Neumark-Sztainer D,Paxton S J,Hannan P J,et al.Does body satisfaction matter?Five-year longitudinal associations between body satisfaction and health behaviors in adolescent females and males[J].Journal of Adolescent Health,2006.
                          [4]潘明荣,陈岚岚.运动行为对大学生身体意象的影响[J].北京体育大学学报,2010.
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