牛牛游戏厅安卓,{原始关键词}

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              • 当前位置: 代写一篇论文多少钱 > 体育论文 > 我国高水平橄榄球运动员的比赛活动特征探析

                我国高水平橄榄球运动员的比赛活动特征探析

                时间:2020-04-21 11:12作者:宗德浩 王梦婷
                本文导读:这是一篇关于我国高水平橄榄球运动员的比赛活动特征探析的文章,橄榄球作为同场对抗类竞技项群,其特征决定体能是运动员适应激烈、连续以及快速比赛节奏的重要基础。运动员的跑动能力,尤其是结合球的跑动能力是完成技、战术的重要前提,通过对运动员奔跑活动的统计,基本可以反映出运

                  摘    要: 英式橄榄球运动在国际上是一项十分普及且具备浓厚吸引力的同场对抗性集体球类项目。英式橄榄球在中国的开展时间较短,与世界上一些开展橄榄球运动较早的国家相比有一定差距。特别是在2009年10月国际奥委会将英式橄榄球列入为2016年奥运会正式比赛项目,因此,对于了解和掌握我国高水平英式橄榄球运动员在比赛中的竞技水平至关重要。本文采用文献资料法、数理统计法、Time-motion比赛分析法、专家访谈法、逻辑分析法对2013年辽宁全运会英式七人制男子橄榄球决赛阶段中的山东队、香港队、北京队、解放军队、辽宁队及新疆队,共6支球队进行深入分析。根据英式橄榄球项目运动特点将各支球队分为前锋、4号位、后锋三个位置并对不同位置运动员的跑动能力分别进行研究,目的是充分认识我国高水平英式七人制男子橄榄球运动员在比赛中的体能表现特征与体能需求,为在今后训练中提供科学价值及相关理论参考。

                  关键词: 全运会; 七人制橄榄球; 跑动能力;

                  Abstract: Rugby is a popular and attractive team ball game in the world。Rugby has a relatively short history in China,Compared with some countries in the world that started rugby earlier,there is a gap。In particular,in October 2009,the international Olympic committee (ioc) included rugby as an official sport at the 2016 Olympic Games,so,It is very important to understand and master the competitive level of our high-level rugby players in the game。This paper adopts the literature method、Mathematical statistics、Time-motionMatch analysis、Expert interview method、A logical analysis of the shandong team in the final stage of men’s rugby sevens at the 2013 liaoning national games、Hong Kong、Beijing、The liberation army、Team liaoning and team xinjiang、A total of six teams for in-depth analysis。According to the characteristics of rugby,each team is divided into three positions:forward,no.4 and back,he aim is to fully understand the physical performance characteristics and physical demands of the high-level rugby sevens players in China,It provides scientific value and relevant theoretical reference for future training.

                  Keyword: The national games; Rugby sevens; ability to run;

                  一、跑动能力概述

                  橄榄球作为同场对抗类竞技项群,其特征决定体能是运动员适应激烈、连续以及快速比赛节奏的重要基础。运动员的跑动能力,尤其是结合球的跑动能力是完成技、战术的重要前提,通过对运动员奔跑活动的统计,基本可以反映出运动员的体能水平。为了比较不同跑动速度,本文仍沿用此项研究的最初实行者丹麦学者邦斯伯制定的标准:一、无氧高强度跑,包括冲刺跑(速度≥8.3 m/s)和高速跑(速度≥5.8 m/s)二、有氧中强度跑,包括中速跑(速度≥4.4 m/s)和低速跑(速度≥3.3 m/s);三、有氧低强度跑,包括慢跑(速度≥2.2 m/s)和慢跑以下(速度<2.2 m/s)。依据以上标准来全面地掌握我国高水平橄榄球运动员的比赛活动特征和运动负荷状况。
                 

                我国高水平橄榄球运动员的比赛活动特征探析
                 

                  1.全运会英式七人制男子橄榄球6支球队运动员不同等级跑动统计与分析

                牛牛游戏厅安卓,{原始关键词}   BIAO1ZHUYAOSHIFENXI2013NIANQUANYUNHUINANZIGANLANQIUJUESAIJIEDUAN6ZHIQIUDUIZONGTIDEPAODONGQINGKUANG,TONGGUOGEZHIQIUDUIDEPAODONGQINGKUANGDEDUIBI,LAIFANYINGMEIZHIQIUDUIDEPAODONGNENGLI。QIZHONG,YAJUNXIANGGANGDUIZAIPINGJUNPAODONGZHONGDEJULIZUIDUO,PAODONGJULIZUISHAODEZESHIDILIUMINGXINJIANGDUI。GENJUTU1FAXIAN,6ZHIQIUDUIZAIWUYANGGAOQIANGDUPAOFANGMIANDEJULIJIBENDUOYUYOUYANGZHONGQIANGDUPAOYIJIYOUYANGDIQIANGDUPAODEJULI。

                  表1 不同等级跑动一览表(m)
                表1 不同等级跑动一览表(m)

                  图1 全运会英式七人制男子橄榄球6支球队运动员不同等级跑动示意图
                图1 全运会英式七人制男子橄榄球6支球队运动员不同等级跑动示意图

                  WUYANGGAOQIANGDUPAOZHUYAOBAOKUOCHONGCIPAOYUGAOSUPAO,QIZHONGCHONGCIPAONENGLIDEQIANGRUOGENGNENGTIXIANCHUYUNDONGYUANJITIZAIJIXIANFUHEYUNDONGSHIXINFEIGONGNENGDESHUIPING,TONGGUODUIBICHONGCIPAODEZHI,LIAONINGDUICHONGCIPAODEJULIZUIDUOWEI1048.5.m,ERZUISHAODEWEIBEIJINGDUI,PAODONGJULIWEI735.6m。QIZHONGGUANYAJUNDUIZAICHONGCIPAOZHONGDOUMEICHAOGUOLIAONINGDUI,SHUOMINGLIAONINGDUIDEDUIYUANZAIPAODONGFANGMIANYOUQISHICHONGCIPAOZHONGGENGTUCHU,CONGLINGYIJIAODUFAXIAN,LIAONINGDUIDECHONGCIPAOJIBENSHIZAIMEIYICIFANJISHIWEILEKEYIKUAISUYOUXIAODEHUODEDAZHENERCAIQUDEJINGONGSHOUDUAN。XIANGFAN,CHONGCIPAOYEYUNYONGDAOYIBUFENFANGSHOUZHONG,TEBIESHIYUDAOCHONGCINENGLIQIANGDEDUISHOUSHI,WEILEBAOZHUZHENDIERCAIQUDEYIZHONGFANGSHOUFANGSHI。ZAIGAOSUPAOFANGMIAN,PAODONGZUIDUODESHIXIANGGANGDUI,PAODONGJULIWEI734.4m,ERZUISHAODEWEIXINJIANGDUI509.7m。

                  TONGDUODUIBIFAXIAN,GUANJUNSHANDONGDUIZAIZONGTIPAODONGZHONGBIAOXIANJIAOWEIYIBAN,SHUOMINGSHANDONGDUIDEYOUSHIZHUYAOYIJIZHANSHUWEIZHU,HELIDEYUNYONGJIAOLIANYUANDEZHANSHUBUSHU,YIJIAOSHAODEPAODONGHUODEZUIDADECHENGGONG。XIANGGANGDUIDEZONGTIPAODONGWEI6ZHIQIUDUIJULIZUIGAO,RANERZAIBISAISHIYIXIEJIXIAODESHIWUSHIQULEGUANJUNDEZIGE。XINJIANGDUIZONGTIPAODONGJULIZUISHAO,ZHEIZHUYAOSHIYINWEIXINJIANGDUIDUIYUANJIAOWEINIANQINGHUA,QUESHAODASAIJINGYAN,BISAIZHONGGUOYUJINZHANG,YEZAIYIDINGJICHUSHANGXIAOHAOLETINENG,TONGSHI,XINJIANGDUIDEQIUYUANSHENTIBIJIAODANBO,TEBIEZAIBISAIZHONGYUDUISHOUZHANGSHIJIANDEDUIKANGHOU,YINGXIANGLEYUNDONGYUANDETINENG,LINGWAI,YUDAOJINGONGNENGLIQIANGHUOPAODONGNENGLIQIANGDEDUISHOUSHIMEIYOUGENGHAODEFANGSHOUBANFA,YINERJIANGDILEQIUYUANZAIPAODONGFANGMIANDEJIJIXING。

                  2.全运会英式七人制男子橄榄球6支球队前锋不同等级跑动统计与分析

                  表2 前锋不同等级跑动一览表(m)
                表2 前锋不同等级跑动一览表(m)

                  图2 全运会英式七人制男子橄榄球6支球队运动员无氧高强度跑示意图
                图2 全运会英式七人制男子橄榄球6支球队运动员无氧高强度跑示意图

                  图3 全运会英式七人制男子橄榄球6支球队运动员有氧中强度跑示意图
                图3 全运会英式七人制男子橄榄球6支球队运动员有氧中强度跑示意图

                  BENJIEQUANYUNHUI6ZHIQIUDUIDEQIANFENGYUNDONGYUANPAODONGQINGKUANGTONGGUOBIAO2SUOSHI。ZAIZONGTIPAODONGQINGKUANGKAN,XIANGGANGDUIDEQIANFENGPAODONGJULIWEI4433.7m,SHISUOYOUQIANFENGPAODONGZHONGWEIYIZONGJULIPAOGUO4000mYISHANGDEQIUDUI,MINGXIANGAOYUQITAQIUDUI,ERZUOWEIGUANJUNQIUDUIDESHANDONGDUIYUXIANGGANGDUIXIANGBIXIANGCHA731.5MI,SHUOMINGXIANGGANGDUIDEQIANFENGJUBEICHONGZUDETINENG,JUYOULIANGHAODEBENPAONENGLI。TONGGUODUIBIFAXIAN,QIANFENGPAODONGJULIZUISHAODEQIUYUANLAIZIXINJIANGDUI,PAODONGJULIWEI2561.6m,QIANFENGWUFAHUODEJIJIYOUXIAODEPAODONG,ZAIYIDINGCHENGDUSHANGWUFATUIJINQIUDUIDEJINGONGYUDAZHEN,CIWAI,YOUYUXINJIANGDUISHUIPINGXIANGDUIJIAODI,ZAIYIDINGCHENGDUSHANGYIZHILEQIANFENGDEPAODONGJULI。CHONGCIPAODUIYUQIANFENGERYANZHIGUANZHONGYAO,TEBIESHIZAIQIANCHANGDEFANGSHOUYIJITUPODAZHEN。ZAIWUYANGGAOQIANGDUPAOFANGMIAN,TEBIESHICHONGCIPAO,XIANGGANGDUITONGYANGZAIPAODONGJULIFANGMIANWEIDIYI,GUANJUNSHANDONGDUIJINSUIQIHOU,ZHEILIANGZHIQIUDUIZAICHONGCIPAOZHONGDEJULIXIANGCHABUDA,SHUOMINGLIANGZHIQIUDUIZAIQIANFENGFANGMIANYUNYONGJIAODUO,TEBIESHIQIANFENGJUYOUJIAOQIANGDEBAOFALI,NENGGUOJISHIYOUXIAODELIYONGSUDUTUPODUISHOUDAZHENDEFEN。ZAILIAONINGDUIFANGMIAN,QIANFENGDEPAODONGJULIWEI1096.2m,SHICHUGUANYAJUNQIUDUIYIWAIWEIYIYIZHIPAODONGJULICHAOGUO1000mDEQIUDUI,ZHEISHUOMINGLIAONINGDUIZAIQIANFENGFANGMIANJUYOUJIAOQIANGDECHIQIUDAZHENDEFENDENENGLI,TEBIESHIZAIZHUCHANGQIUMIDEGUWUZHIXIA,ZAIYIDINGCHENGDUXIASHIXIANLEQIUYUANDECHAOSHUIPINGFAHUI。CIWAI,QIUDUIGAOQIANGDUPAOTONGYANGYEDUIBISAIDESHENGFUQIJUEDINGXINGZUOYONG。MEIZHIQIUDUIDEQIANFENGZAIGAOQIANGDUPAOFANGMIANYOUYIDINGCHAJU,ZHEIYUBISAIDUIXIANG、BISAISHIJIZHANSHUANPAIYIJIBISAIDUISHOUHUODONGQIANGRUOYOUGUAN,DANSHI,DUIYUBEIJINGDUIERYAN,CONGZHENGTIPAODONGKAN,TEBIESHIQIANFENGYAOJIAQIANGWUYANGGAOQIANGDUPAODENENGLI,YEBUYINGGAISUNSHIZHONGQIANGDUPAOWEIDAIJIA。GENJUTU3FAXIAN,CHONGCIPAODEJULIMINGXIANDUOYUGAOSUPAO,ZHEISHUOMINGHELIDEZHANSHUYIJIQIANGYOULIDECHONGCINENGLISHIHUODEBISAISHENGLIDEGUANJIAN。

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                  3.全运会英式七人制男子橄榄球6支球队运动员不同时间段无氧高强度跑统计与分析

                  表3 不同时间段无氧高强度跑一览表(m)
                表3 不同时间段无氧高强度跑一览表(m)

                  图4 全运会英式七人制男子橄榄球6支球队运动员不同时间段无氧高强度跑示意图
                图4 全运会英式七人制男子橄榄球6支球队运动员不同时间段无氧高强度跑示意图

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                  图5 冠军山东队与第六名新疆队无氧高强度跑示意图
                图5 冠军山东队与第六名新疆队无氧高强度跑示意图

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