牛牛游戏厅安卓,{原始关键词}

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                              当前位置: 代写一篇论文多少钱 > 文学论文 > 悲剧《伊翁》中不同角色的伦理选择

                              悲剧《伊翁》中不同角色的伦理选择

                              时间:2019-01-14 10:15作者:韩霞
                              本文导读:这是一篇关于悲剧《伊翁》中不同角色的伦理选择的文章,欧里庇得斯的悲剧《伊翁》上演于公元前412年前后。该剧主要围绕着伊翁、克瑞乌萨、克苏托斯的伦理身份、伦理选择展开矛盾冲突。

                                摘    要: 欧里庇得斯的悲剧《伊翁》以不同情势下相关角色的伦理选择为核心,围绕伊翁的伦理身份展开矛盾冲突。在剧情的进展中,对天神的神圣性进行了消解:正是天神阿波罗的恣情乱性,造成了伊翁伦理身份的模糊,带来了克瑞乌萨的伦理困境及伦理选择;也正是因为天神阿波罗的授意,才使伊翁有了明确的伦理身份,矛盾冲突得以化解。该剧矛盾冲突的产生和解决皆因天神阿波罗,但意旨并非在于对天神权威的质疑,而主要是借对天神神圣性的消解,揭示伯罗奔尼撒战争后雅典社会伦理秩序的混乱。通过这些伦理问题的逐一呈现,表达了人伦关系中公正、和谐、互相关爱、趋善避恶等道德理想。

                                关键词: 欧里庇得斯; 《伊翁》; 伦理选择; 道德理想;

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                                一、伊翁的伦理身份

                              牛牛游戏厅安卓,{原始关键词}   GAIJUDEKAICHANGBUFEN,YISHENSHIHEERMOSIDEXUSHISHIJIAOZHANKAILEDUIWANGSHIDEHUIYI,ZHUIXULEYIWENGDECHUSHENG:“FUBOSI(ABOLUODEBIECHENG)YONGQIANGHENEIERUIKETOUSIDENVERKERUIWUSAJIELEHUN。……TADEFUQINBINGBUZHIDAO……TAZAIJIALISHENGXIAYIGEERZI,BIANJIANGNEIYINGHAIDAIDAODANGCHUTAWEISHENSUOZHANDENEIDONGXUELI,QIZHIZHERANGTASIQU。”[1]416JIYIWENGBENSHIYIGEQIER,MUQINSUISHENGLETA,QUEBINGWEIYANGYUTA,PAOQILETABINGYUZHITAYUSIDI。

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                                由阿波罗授意,伊翁的伦理身份得到了确认,成了克苏托斯的儿子,并按天神的意旨,克苏托斯为他取名伊翁。阿波罗的安排,只是确认了伊翁的伦理身份,却并未指示伊翁的生母是谁,这便隐藏着更大的矛盾和危机:因是非婚生的身份,克苏托斯的现任妻子可能会害死伊翁。伊翁的伦理困境由此出现。
                               

                              悲剧《伊翁》中不同角色的伦理选择
                               

                              牛牛游戏厅安卓,{原始关键词}   ZAIGUXILASHIQIDERENDEGUANNIANZHONG,LUNLISHENFENSHISHIFENZHONGYAODE。TAYIWEIZHEGUISHU,YEYIWEIZHEXIANGYINGDEDIWEIHEQUANLIDEHELIHUOQU。LUNLISHENFENDEMOHU,BUJINYIWEIZHECHUSHENDEBUMINGQUE,YEYIWEIZHEZUNYAN、JIAZHIDENGZAIGONGZHONGSHIYELIDEWUFASHIXIAN。YIGEGAOGUIDECHUSHEN,YIWEIZHECHENGWEIWANGZHEHUOYINGXIONGDEKENENG。《YIWENG》ZHONGDEYIWENG,SUIZAIFUBOSISHENMIAOLILEYIYUWEISHENNU,GUOZHEYISHIWUYOU、SHOURENZUNJINGDESHENGHUO,DANSHIDANGKERUIWUSASHUOYAOBANGZHUTAZHAODAOTACHUSHENDEXIANSUOSHI,TAYEFEICHANGGAOXING:“NEISHISHEINI?RUOSHITAKENBANGZHUWODESHIQING,NEIWOJIANGSHIDUOMEDIXIHUANYA!”[1]426ZHEISHUOMING,ZAITAQINGSONGYUKUAIDEWAIBIAOXIA,TONGYANGYOUZHEDUIZIJILUNLISHENFENQUERENDEQIDAI。DANGKERUIWUSAJIATUOBIEDENVRENDEGUSHIJIANGZIJIHEFUBOSIDESIQING,BINGSHUONEIGESHENGYULEHAIZIQUEBUNENGFUYANGHAIZIDEMUQINHENTONGKU,JINGCHANGXIANGNIANTADEHAIZISHI,TAWENYIWENG:“WOZHIDAO,KEREN,DUIYUNIYEYOUYIGEBUXINGDEMUQINZHENGZAIXIANGNIANBA。”[1]427YIWENGDEHUIDASHI:“A,NIBUYAOLAIYINQIWOYIJINGWANGQUEDEAICHOULE。”[1]427YIWENGNEIWANGQUEDEAICHOU,ZHENGSHITALUNLISHENFENDEBUMINGQUEDAILAIDE,TABUZHIDAOZIJIDESHENGSHENFUMUSHISHEI,YINERJIUWUCONGQUELIZIJIZAISUOSHENGHUODELUNLIHUANJINGZHONGDEJIATINGLUNLIGUANXI。QUESHAOLEJIATINGLUNLI,DANGRANSHIBEIAIDE、YOUCHOUDE。ERZHEIYIQIE,BINGBUSHIKERUIWUSAZHUGUANGUYIZAOCHENGDE,SHIDANGNIANDEFUBOSIWEIBEILETADEYIZHIQIANGXINGFASHENGDESHISHIZAOCHENGDE。ZAIZHEIGEQINGJIEZHONG,ZUOZHEWUYIQIANZEFUBOSI,ZHISHIKEGUANZHANSHIYIWENGLUNLISHENFENDESHUANGZHONGBUMINGQUE——ZISHENDEBUMINGQUEHETAZHEDEMOHU。TABUZHIDAOZIJIDEFUMUSHISHEI,YANGYUTADENVJISIYEBUZHIDAOTACONGNALILAI。ZAIKERUIWUSAFUQILAIDAOSHENMIAOJISISHENLINGZHIQIAN,TADELUNLISHENFENSHISHENMIAODESHENNU,MINGYISHANGGUISHUYUFUBOSI。KERUIWUSAFUQIDEDAOLAI,SHITAXINZHONGDEKUNHUOHETONGKUBEIJIFALECHULAI,TAKAISHIYOULEZHUIJIUZIJILUNLISHENFENDEYUANWANGHEXUQIU。

                                二、克瑞乌萨的伦理选择

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                                三、伦理环境与道德理想

                                (一)伦理环境

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                                ZAIGAIJUZHONG,KESUTUOSIMEIYOUXIANYULUNLIKUNJINGZHONG,YEMEIYOULIANGNANDELUNLIXUANZE,SIHUZHISHENYUMAODUNCHONGTUZHIWAI,DANSHITAQUECHENGDANLEABOLUOHUANYUDEHOUGUO,JIANGYANGYUABOLUODEERZI。MINGYISHANGTAHEYIWENGSHIFUZI,QISHIBINGWUXUEYUANGUANXI,SHISHENDEZHIYIZAOCHENGLECUOWEIDELUNLIGUANXI。KESUTUOSITINGMINGYUTIANSHENDEANPAI,SHIYINWEITANIANQINGSHIGANGUOYIXIEFENGLIUSHI:“ZAIJIUSHENDEHUOBAJIEDESHIHOU……TONGLENEIJIUSHENDEXINNVMEN。”[1]435GENJUTIANSHENABOLUODEZHIYI,TARENTONGLEYIWENGZUOWEIERZIDELUNLISHENFEN。TAXIANGXINMINGYUN,RENWEISHISHENDUITADEJUANGU,SUOYICAIBAYIWENGSONGDAOLETASHENBIAN。TASIHAOYEBUHUAIYITIANSHENZHIYIDEZHENGQUEYUFOU,JIANXINYIWENGJIUSHIDANGNIANZIJIHEMOUWEIGUNIANGDESISHENGZI,FEICHANGGAOXINGDIJIESHOULEYIWENG,SHIJISHANGYEJIUSHIJIESHOULEYIWENGHETADEFUZIGUANXI。

                              牛牛游戏厅安卓,{原始关键词}   KESUTUOSIJUEDINGZAIDEERFEISHENYUSUOWEIYIWENGJUBANYIGEDUIWAILAIRENKAIFANGDEGONGYAN,BUBANYICIYIWENGDESHENGRIJI,RANHOUDAITAQUYADIAN,ZAISHIDANGDESHIHOUQUANTADEFURENCHENGRENTAZHEIGEERZI,RANGTAJICHENGTADEWANGQUAN,TONGZHIGUOJIA。KESUTUOSIYAOWEIYIWENGJUXINGGONGYANHEBUBANSHENGRIJI,MUDEYESHIWEILEQUERENYIWENGDELUNLISHENFEN,SHIYIWENGHEKESUTUOSIDEFUZIGUANXIDEYIGONGKAIHUA,YIWENGJIANGLAIYEKEYIHEFADIJICHENGKESUTUOSIDEJIACHANHEDIWEI。

                                SHENSHIRENHUANXIANGCHULAIDE,“SHIRENDEQINGGANDEFANYINGHETOUSHE,SHIYIZHONGJINGGUOSHEHUIQIANGHUALEDEQINGGAN”[4]466。KESUTUOSIDERENZI、YIWENGLUNLISHENFENDEMINGQUE,JUNYINABOLUODESHOUYI。ZAIYOUABOLUO、YIWENG、KESUTUOSIGOUCHENGDELUNLIGUANXIZHONG,ABOLUOZHANJUZHEHEXINZHIPEIDIWEI,ZUOZHEBIXIADETIANSHENYIJINGCONGSHENMIDESHENGTANSHANGZOULEXIALAI,JUYOUGAODUDERENGEHUA、GEXINGHUA,TASHITIANSHEN,ZUYIZHANGKONGWANWU,QUEWUFAYEWUXUZIKONG;TABUZAISHIGONGPINGZHENGYIDEHUASHEN,ERSHIHEPUTONGDERENJIANNANRENYIYANG,WUXUZHONGQINGJINCHIZISHOU,KEYIPINGYISHIZHIXUERQIANGJIANRENYIYIGENVZI,KERUIWUSAZHIBUGUOSHITADACHENGHUANYUDEMUBIAOZHIYI。ERQIE,TAHAIKEYILIYONGZIJIDETIANSHENZHIQUANWEI,BAOHUZIJIERZI,JITAANPAIYIGEHENHAODEGUISU,BINGKAOSHENLIGANYU,SHITAHUIGUIMUQINHUAIBAO。ZHEISHIOULIBIDESISHOUSUGELADIHEZHIZHEPAISIXIANGYINGXIANGDEJIEGUO:CHENGRENTIANSHENDECUNZAI,DANTIANSHENBINGBUDAIBIAOZHENGYIHEGONGPING,TAMENJUYOUPUTONGRENYIYANGDEQINGGANXUQIU,SHENZHIZAIDAODEPINZHIFANGMIANHAIBURUPUTONGREN。ZUOZHEJIEYIWENGZHIKOUJINYIBUDUITIANSHENDEQUANWEIHESHENSHENGXINGJINXINGLEXIAOJIE:“FANYOURENZUOLEE,SHENMENCHENGFATA。XIANZAINIJIFANRENDINGLELVFADEQUESHIZIJIBEIFAXIANZAIZUOFEIFADESHI,ZHEISHISUANDESHIZHENGDANGMA?”[1]430

                                (二)道德理想

                                BOLUOBENNISAZHANZHENGYUANYUCAIFUDEJINGZHENG,SUIZHIERLAIDEBIANSHIRENDEZHUTIYISHIDEJINYIBUQIANGHUA,ZAIGONGZHONGQUNTILUNLIGUANXIZHONG,GERENLIYIDEBAOHUXIANDEYOUWEIZHONGYAO,RENYURENZHIJIANBIANDELENGMOLE。ABOLUOJIETIANSHENZHIQUANWEI,ANPAISISHENGZIZAIQISHENMIAOLICHENGZHANG,BINGSHOUYIKESUTUOSIRENTAWEIQINSHENGERZI,JIESHIXIANSHISHENGHUOZHONGGERENLIYIWEIHUDEZHESHE。DANSHI,YUQITAJUZUOZHONGDUITIANSHENDEFENGCISUOBUTONGDESHI,GAIJUZHONGABOLUOZAIDUIDAIYIWENGXIANGGUANWENTISHANGDEBIAOXIAN,SHENXINGDEGUANGHUISUIXUERUOLE,DANDAIZHIERQIGENGDUODESHIRENXINGDEWENNUAN,JIUXIANGSHIYIGEAIHUERZIDEFUQIN,JINQISUONENGDEBAOHUTA。TIANSHENSHANGQIEYOUSHIDUZHIQING,RENYURENZHIJIANJIUGENGYINGGAICHONGMANGUANHUAIYUHUZHU,ZHEISHIOULIBIDESIDAODELIXIANGDETIXIAN。

                                ZHENGSHIYINWEIFUBOSIYISHIDEHUANYU,ZAOCHENGLEKERUIWUSADEBUXING,SHIQIXIANRULEFUZADELUNLIKUNJINGZHONG:YUABOLUOCENGJINGDEGANGAERYOUBUGANYANSHUODEGUANXI;HEZHANGFUBUCENGSHENGYUDEKUNAO;YUZHANGFUHUNQIANYOUSISHENGZIDEWUNAI;YUYIWENGDEXIANGJIANERBUXIANGRENDEMUZIGUANXI;CHADIANHAISIZIJIQINSHENGERZIDEWEIXIAN。ZHEIYIXILIEDEQINGJIELI,BIAODALEZUOZHEDUINVXINGZUOWEIRUOZHEDETONGQING。

                              牛牛游戏厅安卓,{原始关键词}   ZAIGUXILARENDEGUANNIANLI,WEIJIASHAONVDESHENGHUOZHUANGTAISHI:“TAMENDAIZAIWULI,YIWEIZHEQINAIDEMAMA,DUIJINSENVSHENAFOLUODITESUOZUODESHIQUANRANBUZHI”[5]16,HUODONGLINGYUJINXIANYUGUIFANG,GUOZHEFEICHANGBISAI、LEWUSHENGQUDESHENGHUODANHAOWUYUANYAN。HUNYINSUIRANDAIJINVXINGGENGDADEHUODONGKONGJIAN,DANLINGYUYEJINXIANYUZIJIADEYUANZI,YINWEI“BUGUANYIGENVRENYOUMEIYOUSHENMEBIEDEQUEDIAN,TANGRUOTALAOZAIWAIMIANZOUDONG,NEIJIUHUISUNSHANGTADEMINGYU”[6]204。YINCI,GUDAIYADIANDEFUNVZAISHEHUILUNLIHUANJINGZHONGMEIYOUCANYUQUAN、ZHIPEIQUAN,YIQIETINGPINGNANXINGDEANPAI。YINCI,KERUIWUSAHUNQIANSHISHENSHENGZIZHISHI,“TADEFUQINBINGBUZHIDAO”[1]416,JIYUZISHENDEZAOYU,TAYOUZHONGDIGANKAI:“A,SHOUKUDENVRENMEN!A,SHENDEHUANGTANGHE!ZHEIYOUSHENMESHUODENI?WOMENHECHUYAOQIUGONGDAONI,RUOSHIWOMENWEIWOMENDEZHUZAIHUIMIELE。”

                              牛牛游戏厅安卓,{原始关键词}   DUIKERUIWUSALAISHUO,RUGUOSHUOHUNQIANSHISHENSHENGZISHI“XIUCHIDESHIQING”[1]424,HAIKEYIRENSHOU,NEIMEKESUTUOSIRENYIWENGWEIZIDUITASHIZHIMINGDEDAJI,YINWEIGUXILAREN“ZAINVXINGZHONGZUIWEIJINGZHONGZIJIDEHAIZIDEMUQIN”[3]27,HUNHOUWUZIYISHIBUXING,XIANZAIZHANGFUYOUDAIHUILEBIEDENVRENSUOSHENGDEHAIZI,“WODEYANJINGLIUZHELEI,WODEXINKUTONGZHE,SHANGLEYINMOUDEDANG,ZAINEIXIERENHESHENDESHOULI,XIANZAIWOYAOLAIJIEFATAMEN,DUIYULIANAIDOUSHIWANGENFUYIDEJIAHUO!”[1]446WULUNSHIHEABOLUODEQINGRENGUANXI,HAISHIHEKESUTUOSIDEFUQIGUANXI,KERUIWUSARENWEIZIJIDOUSHIBEIQIPIANLE,TADESUSHUO,XIANSHILEDANGSHIYADIANSHEHUINVXINGZAIQINGAIGUANXIZHONGDERUOSHIDIWEI。

                                DANGKERUIWUSAYINDUSHAJIMOUSHIBAIERBEIYIWENGZHUSHASHI,ZUOZHEJIEGEDUIDETAICIBIAODALEDUIKERUIWUSAXINGWEIDERENZHI:“A,BUXINGDEZHUMU,NIXINLISHOUZHEZENMEDEKUTONGNI?NANDAOZHENSHIZHENGYISUOGUIDING,WOMENXIANGYAODUISHENMERENSHIXINGHUOHAIDE,WOMENXUDEZIJILAICHENGSHOUMA?”[1]457DEERFEIDETONGZHIZHEJUEDINGCHUSIKERUIWUSA,SHIYINWEICONGSHISHIBIAOXIANGKAN,TAYAOMOUSHADEDUIXIANGSHIJISI,SHISHENDENUPU,SHIDUISHENDEBUJING,ERBUJINGSHENDERENKENDINGSHIYAOZAOSHOUYINGYOUDECHENGFADE。TONGSHI,TADEMOUSHADIDIANSHIZAIMIAOLI,SHIZAIZHEIYANGYIGEZHUANGYANSHENGJIEDEDIFANG,TADEMOUSHAXINGWEI,SHIDUISHENLINGDEXIEDU。SUOYI,TAZUIZAIBUSHE。TONGGUODUIKERUIWUSACHENGFADEQINGJIECHULI,FANYINGLEZUOZHEDEDAODELIXIANG:RENYURENZHIJIANHEXIEXIANGCHU、HUXIANGGUANAI、QUSHANBIE,JIATINGCAINENGXINGFU,SHEHUICAINENGWENDING。

                                四、结语

                              牛牛游戏厅安卓,{原始关键词}   GAIJUMAODUNCHONGTUDECHANSHENGHEJIEJUEJIEYINTIANSHENABOLUO,DANYIZHIBINGFEIZAIYUDUITIANSHENQUANWEIDEZHIYI,ERZHUYAOSHIJIEDUITIANSHENSHENSHENGXINGDEXIAOJIE,JIESHIBOLUOBENNISAZHANZHENGHOUYADIANSHEHUILUNLIZHIXUDEHUNLUAN:YITIANSHENWEIDAIBIAODEZHUZAIZHEKEYIWEISUOYUWEI、SHIQIANGLINGRUO,ERPUTONGRENZHINENGTINGPINGMINGYUNDEANPAI;KERUIWUSASUIWEIYADIANNVWANG,DANSHIZAIQINGAIGUANXIZHONGYECHUYUBEIDONGDIWEI,ZAIJIATINGGUANXIZHONGYEYINWEINENGSHENGYUERDIWEIJIJIKEWEI,PUTONGNVXINGDEZAOYUZHIBUKANJIUBUYANERYULE;KESUTUOSISUIPINGNENGLIYUYADIANNVWANGJIEHUN,DANZAIJICHENGRENZHEIGEWENTISHANG,TAYEZHINENGTINGRENTIANSHENDEANPAI。GAIJUZHENGSHITONGGUOZHEIXIELUNLIWENTIDEZHUYICHENGXIAN,BIAODALERENLUNGUANXIZHONGGONGZHENG、HEXIE、HUXIANGGUANAI、QUSHANBIEDENGDAODELIXIANG。

                                参考文献

                                [1] 欧里庇得斯.欧里庇得斯悲剧集(上)[M].周作人,译.北京:中国对外翻译出版公司,2003.
                                [2]陈恒.失落的文明:古希腊[M].上海:华东师范大学出版社,2001.
                                [3] 汉斯·利希特.古希腊人的性与情[M].刘岩,等,译.桂林:广西师范大学出版社,2008.
                                [4] 简·艾伦·赫丽生.古希腊宗教的社会起源[M].谢世坚,译.桂林:广西师范大学出版社,2004.
                                [5]赫西俄德.工作与时日[M].张竹明,等,译.北京:商务印书馆,1991.
                              牛牛游戏厅安卓,{原始关键词}   [6] 罗念生.罗念生全集·第三卷·特罗亚妇女[M].上海:世纪出版集团,等,2007.

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