牛牛游戏厅安卓,{原始关键词}

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                          • 当前位置: 代写一篇论文多少钱 > 文学论文 > 英国民间童话《三只小猪》的审美与教育意义

                            英国民间童话《三只小猪》的审美与教育意义

                            时间:2020-02-05 10:32作者:冯玲萍 吴静之
                            本文导读:这是一篇关于英国民间童话《三只小猪》的审美与教育意义的文章,民间童话是流传于民间的儿童故事,是以儿童为接受对象的口头叙事体裁。我国民间文学的研究专家刘守华教授认为:“童话是幻想与生活真实相结合的产物……主要是凭借奇丽的想象,曲折地反映出广大劳动人民的生活,表达

                              摘    要:牛牛游戏厅安卓,{原始关键词} 民间童话是民间文学的重要组成部分,作为民间文学的优秀代表,民间童话在审美教育的功能上具有相当高的价值与意义,以广泛流传的英国民间童话《三只小猪》为例,体现了奇幻美、诗意美、游戏美等审美功能,具有陶冶性情、教化道德、增长知识、提高语文能力等教育功能。

                              关键词:牛牛游戏厅安卓,{原始关键词} 文化传承; 民间童话; 审美教育; 《三只小猪》;

                            牛牛游戏厅安卓,{原始关键词}   MINJIANTONGHUASHILIUCHUANYUMINJIANDEERTONGGUSHI,SHIYIERTONGWEIJIESHOUDUIXIANGDEKOUTOUXUSHITICAI。WOGUOMINJIANWENXUEDEYANJIUZHUANJIALIUSHOUHUAJIAOSHOURENWEI:“TONGHUASHIHUANXIANGYUSHENGHUOZHENSHIXIANGJIEHEDECHANWU……ZHUYAOSHIPINGJIEQILIDEXIANGXIANG,QUZHEDIFANYINGCHUGUANGDALAODONGRENMINDESHENGHUO,BIAODACHUTAMENZHUIQIUMEIHAOSHENGHUODELIXIANGYUANWANG。”[1]TANGRUIZHEZUO《TONGHUAYINGGAIZHEIYANGDU》ZHONGYEZHICHU:“ZUOWEIYIZHONGWENXUETIZAI,TONGHUADEJIBENTEZHENGSHIHUANXIANG,HUANJUHUASHUO,HUANXIANGSHITONGHUADEZHUTI、HEXIN、LINGHUNHESHENGMING,MEIYOUHUANXIANGJIUMEIYOUTONGHUA。”[2]KEYIKANCHU,HUANXIANGSHIMINJIANTONGHUAZUICHANGYONGDEXUSHISHOUFA,QINGJIEFAZHANFANGXIANGYEYIGESONGLAODONG、TONGQINGBEIYAPOZHEWEIZHU,ZAIRENWUPEIZHISHANG,YEDUOYONGXINGXIANGXIANMINGDEDUIZHAOSHOUFA,PIRUZHANGXIANG、PINDEXIANGFANDELIANGJIEMEI、XIONGDIDENG。TONGHUAGUSHIFAZHANDEJIEJU,WANGWANGSHIZHENGZHI、SHANLIANG、POSHI、BEIYAPODEYIFANGDEDAOGONGPINGDEDAIYU,ERFANFANGZUIHOUDOUCANZAOSHIBAI,BIAOXIANCHURENMENDUIZHENGNENGLIANGDEREQINGGESONGHEDUIESHILIDEJIANRUIPIPAN。ZONGZHI,FANYINGCHUPOSHIDELAODONGRENMENDUISHENGHUODEREAIHEDUIXINGFUSHENGHUODEXIANGWANG。MINJIANTONGHUAZUOWEIMINJIANWENXUEDEZHONGYAOZUCHENGBUFEN,YISHUNEIHANFENGFUERJINGSHEN,ZAIWENHUACHUANCHENGZHONGSHENGSHENGBUXI,TIANRANJUYOUSHENMEIJIAOYUDEGONGNENGYUJIAZHI。

                              一、民间童话文化传承的强大生命力

                            牛牛游戏厅安卓,{原始关键词}   MINJIANTONGHUAYOUZHEQIANGDADESHENGMINGLIHESHIDAISHIYINGXING。SHIYISHIYI,MINJIANTONGHUARENGYIJIJIDEZITAIHUOYUEZAIDAZHONGDESHIYEZHONG,BUDUANJIQUZIRANDEYANGFEN,HUOQUHELIDEZUOPINSHIYANG,DENGDAIZHEJIXUCHUANCHENGXIAQU。

                              PIRU《SANZHIXIAOZHU》DEWENZIBANBENJIUZAICHUANCHENGGUOCHENGZHONGJINGLILEDUOZHONGGAIBIAN,YU1890NIANDAIYUESEFU·YAGEBUSIDEBANBENXIANGBIJIAOGEYOUQITEDIAN。GAIBIANBANYOUDEZUNXUNLEMINJIANGUSHIDE“SANXIONGDI”XINGCHANGGUI,DUISANZHIXIAOZHUFUYULEDAXIAODEPAIXINGHEXINGGEDEYOULIE;YOUDEJIAQIANGLEXIANDAIERTONGJIAOYUDEGEZHONGLINIAN。YOUDESHENZHIJINXINGLEDIANFU,MEIGUOZUOJIAQIAOEN·XIESIKAZAI《SANZHIXIAOZHUDEZHENSHIGUSHI》ZHONGJIUJIANGLANGZHENGMIANHUALE。“SHISHIDEZHENXIANG”YOUCHOUMINGZHAOZHEDELANGLAIJIEKAI,LANGSHIYIGEWEILEJIQINAIDENAINAIZUODANGAO,CAIPAOQUZHAOSANZHIXIAOZHUJIETANGDEWUGUDESHOUHAIZHE。ZHEIGECONGLANGDEZUILIJIANGSHUDE“SANZHIXIAOZHU”DEGUSHI,CHEDIDIANFULEGUDIANTONGHUA《SANZHIXIAOZHU》,ZAIZHEIGEGUSHIZHONG,LANGXIANRANBIANCHENGLERUOSHIQUNTIZHONGDEYIYUAN。[3]ERCHUBANYU1997NIANDE《SANZHIXIAOLANGHEDAHUAIZHU》ZEDIANFULEJIAOSE,ZHEIZHONGDIANFUBI《SANZHIXIAOZHUDEZHENSHIGUSHI》GENGCHEDI,ZHIJIERANGLANGCHUYURUOSHI,ZHUCHENGLEZHENZHENGDEQIANGSHIQUNTI。CHUYUERTONGXINLIFAZHANJIEDUANDEKAOLV,MUQIANZUILIUXINGDEBANBENJIBENSHANGJIANGLANGCHIZHU、ZHUCHILANGDEQINGJIESHANGAI,BIANCHENGSANZHIXIAOZHUYONGQIAOJIGANZOUDAYELANG。

                            牛牛游戏厅安卓,{原始关键词}   ZHAOSHILINBOSHIDUIWENHUACHUANCHENGJINXINGLEJIAOWEIXITONGHEXIANGXIDECHANSHU,TAZHICHU:“WENHUACHUANCHENGSHIZHIWENHUAZAIYUZHUTIJIEHEDEGUOCHENGZHONGSHOUNEIZAIJIZHIDEZHIPEIERJUYOUWENDINGXING、WANZHENGXING、YANXUXINGDENGYAOQIU,BINGZAIZHENGGESHEHUIFAZHANZHONGCHENGXIANCHUZAISHENGDETEXING。”[4]MINJIANTONGHUAJIUSHITONGGUOZIJIDUTEDECHUANCHENGJIZHI,YANXUZHEZIJIDEWENHUASHENGMING,SHIDEZISHENDEYIYIDAIDAICHUANXIALAI,BINGSUIZHERENLEISHEHUIDEFAZHANBUDUANFENGFUHEWANSHAN。

                              二、审美功能的不断提升

                              YUANYUDUIMEIDEKEWANGYUZHUIQIU,SHENMEIHUODONGCHENGWEIRENLEIZUIJIBENDESHIJIANHUODONGZHIYI。ERYUEDUTONGHUA,DUIYUSHULIZHENGQUEDESHENMEIGUAN,TISHENGDUIMEIHAOSHIWUDEGANZHI、XINSHANGHECHUANGZAONENGLI,SUZAOJIANQUANDESHENMEIXINLIJIEGOUYIJICUJINGEXINGDEHEXIEFAZHANJIEDAYOUBIYI。

                              1. 奇幻美:

                            牛牛游戏厅安卓,{原始关键词}   TONGHUAZHONGBAOHANDEQINGYI、TONGQUNENGGOUSHENSHENDIXIYINERTONG,JIYUERTONGHUANYUE,SHENZHIDUISHENGHUODEXIZHIGANSHOU。MINJIANTONGHUABENSHENJUYOUQUZHELIQIDEGUSHIQINGJIE,SHENGDONGHUOPODERENWUXINGXIANG,BUSHOUSHIKONGXIANZHIDEDISEBEIJING,SHIXIANSHISHIJIEYUHUANXIANGSHIJIEDEHUXIANGRONGHE,FUHEERTONGDEYUEDUXUYAO,YINCIHENSHOUERTONGXIAI。《SANZHIXIAOZHU》ZHONG,DAYELANGYIZHIYAOCHIXIAOZHU,XIAOZHUJILIBIMIANBEIDAYELANGCHIDIAO,XIAOZHUDEBENFENKEAIHEDAYELANGDECANRENJIAOHUAXINGCHENGLEYIGEDUIBIXIANMINGDETONGHUASHIJIE。《SANZHIXIAOZHU》CONGSHENMEIYIYISHANGXIANSHICHUDEDEBUKEZHUOMODEMEILIJIUZAIYUQIGOUCHENGYINSUDEHUIHE,QIXINGXIANG、LUOJI、XUSHIMOSHIHEXUSHUFENGGEDENGGEZHONGJUYOUSHENMEIJIAZHIDESHUXINGCHANSHENGCHU‘FUYINHESHENGXIAOGUO’,GOUCHENGLE《SANZHIXIAOZHU》DEQIHUANMEI。

                            英国民间童话《三只小猪》的审美与教育意义

                              2. 诗意美:

                              TONGHUADESHIYI,JIANYANZHISHITONGHUADAIJIRENMENSHIYIBANDEYIJINGHEMEIGAN,SHIYIXINGSHITONGHUATIANRANDEPINZHI,MINJIANTONGHUATONGGUOFENGFUXUANLIDEWENZIMIAOHUILAIZHANSHIZHEIZHONGWAIZAIMEIHENEIZAIMEIDETONGYIDESHIYIXING。ZAI《SANZHIXIAOZHU》DEYUEDUGUOCHENGZHONG,ERTONGHUITIHUIDAOBINGZAITOUNAOZHONGZAIXIANCHUSANZHIXIAOZHUSHENGCUNDEMEIHAODEJIAYUAN,GANSHOUDAOZHUMAMADUISANZHIXIAOZHUYIJISANZHIXIAOZHUBICIDEAI,TIHUIDAOSHENGMINGDEZHIZHENZHISHANZHIMEI。CONGERHUODEWENNUANTESHUYOULANGMANDEQINGJING,AOYOUYUSHIHUALIDEMEIMIAOGANSHOUYIJIYINGXIANGXINLINGFAYUDESHENMEIQINGGAN。

                              3. 游戏美:

                              《SANZHIXIAOZHU》CHANGYIYOUXIDEXINGSHICHUXIANZAIYOUERJIAOYUZHONG,HUODONGMUBIAOTONGCHANGSHIHAOZHAOERTONGJIJICANYUXIAOZHUGAIFANGZIDEHUODONG,TIYANBANGZHUTARENDEKUAILE,ZAIHUODONGZHONGRANGERTONGNENGDADANDIHUIDAWENTI,YENENGDADANDIXIANGXIANGGUSHI,ZHIXIAOZHUANFANGZIZUIJIESHIDEDAOLI。GUSHIQINGJIEJIANDAN、SHENGDONGERFUYOUBIANHUA,YOUXICHONGTUMINGXIAN,YUYANYEFUYOUDONGZUOHUA,YINERYIYUBIAOYAN。ERTONGZAIBIAOYAN《SANZHIXIAOZHU》DEGUOCHENGZHONG,KEYIBUDUANFAZHANSHENMEIGANZHILI、SHENMEIXIANGXIANGLIHESHENMEIBIAOXIANLI。

                              TONGHUASHIFAZHANERTONGSHENMEINENGLIDEYOUXIAOFANGSHIZHIYI,ZHONGSHIBINGHELIYUNYONGTONGHUADUIERTONGJINXINGSHENMEIJIAOYU,YOULIYUPEIYANGQIGANSHOUMEI、BIAOXIANMEI、CHUANGZAOMEIDENENGLI,SHIQIDUGUOYIGECHUNZHEN、SHIYI、XIXI、KUAILEDETONGNIAN。

                              三、教育功能的持续强化

                              TONGHUAJUYOUJIAOYUGONGNENG。ERTONGDEQIMENGDUWUHEDINIANJITONGBIANJIAOCAIZHONG,TONGHUADEBIZHONGYIZHIHENDA,KEWEISHIBANSUIZHEERTONGDECHENGZHANGHEXUEXI,ERERTONGJIEDUANSHINIANLINGZENGZHANGHEXINZHIFAYUDEZHONGYAOJIEDUAN,YINWEIZHEIGESHIHOUERTONGDEMOFANGXINGHEKESUXINGJIGAO,GEZHONGWAIJIEYINSUDUITAMENDEXINGGEYANGCHENGYOUZHEHENDAYINGXIANG,SUOYIZUOWEIERTONGXINZHIQIMENGDETONGHUADEJIAOYUGONGNENGJIUXIANDEGEWAIZHONGYAO。

                              1. 陶冶性情:

                              TONGHUAZUOJIADADOULANGMANQIELIXIANG,TONGGUOSHUXIELAIZHUIQIURENSHENGDE“ZHENSHANMEI”JINGJIE,YINCITONGHUAZUOPINZHONGCHANGYANGYIZHEZHENSHIDEQINGGAN,SHANLIANGDERENXINGHEMEIMIAODEJINGJIE。ZAI《SANZHIXIAOZHU》ZHONG,ZUOWEIFANMIANXINGXIANGDAIBIAODEDAYELANGZUIHOUJISHIBUGANXIN,LITUCONGYANCONGLIPAJINQUSHIXIANZIJIDEXIEEMUDE,HAISHIBEIJIZHIDESANZHIXIAOZHUJIDABAILE。MINJIANTONGHUAYUNHANZHEDAODEDEZHIHUI,CHUANDIZHERENLEIDEGONGTONGMEIDE,BIANCHIJIA、E、CHOUDESHIWUDETONGSHI,BANGZHURENMENHONGYANGZHEN、SHAN、MEIDELILIANG,CHUANDIZHEZHENGNENGLIANG。

                              2. 教化道德:

                              《SANZHIXIAOZHU》DEBANBENBUDUANYANBIAN,HAIGAIBIANCHENGLEBUTONGDEYINGSHIZUOPIN。CONGCHUSHIMEIYOUMINGZIDESANZHIXIAOZHUBIANCHENGLEYOUMINGZI,BINGBEIFUYULEBUTONGDEXINGGETEZHENG:“LAODAANDONGNISHIGELANDUODEJIAHUO,JIUAIZHENGTIANSHUIDAJUE。LAOERLUOQISHIGETANCHIGUI,YITIANDAOWANBAOZHELINGSHI,BUTINGDIWANGZUILIRENG。LAOSANJIEMINI,YOUQINLAOYOUCONGMING,HAIHENXIHUANKANSHU。”[5]MUDESHIGAOSUDUZHE,SANZHIXIAOZHUZHISUOYIGAILECAILIAOBUTONGDEFANGZI,GENYUANZAIYUGEZIXINGGEDEBUTONG,YINERBUTONGDEXINGWEIFANGSHIJUEDINGLEZAOYUWEIXIANSHIJIEJUDEBUTONG,ZHEIJIUJIANGTONGHUADEZHUTIZHUANXIANGLEDUIERTONGDAODEDEJIAOHUA。

                              3. 增长知识:

                              “ZHISHI”SHIFANZHIDUIGEZHONGSHIWUDERENSHI,GEN“XUEWEN”DEYIYIXIANGJIN。TONGHUAZUOPINDEZHONGDIANSUIBUZAIYUJIESHAOZHISHI,DANSHIQIZHONGZIRANHANYOUYIDINGDEZHISHI。《SANZHIXIAOZHU》ZHONG,DAYELANGQINGQINGCHUIYIXIA,CAOFANGJIUDAOLE;DAYELANGYONGLIZHUANGLIANGXIA,MUFANGZIJIUDAOLE,DANSHIMIANDUIZHEZHUANFANG,JISHIDAYELANGTOUSHANGZHUANGCHULESANGEGEDA,SIJIAOCHAOTIANDIDIEZUOZAIDISHANG,ZHUANFANGHAISHIHENLAOGU,ZHEIJIURANGERTONGDUIJIANZHUDEJIESHICHENGDUYOULERENSHI。YINCI,YUEDUTONGHUA,SHIHUODEZHISHIDETUJINGZHIYI。

                              4. 提高语文能力:

                              《SANZHIXIAOZHU》JISHOUERTONGHUANYING,YANSHENGCHUGEZHONGBUTONGDEBANBEN,LIRU《SANZHIXIAOZHUDEZHENSHIGUSHI》,SHENZHIYOU《SANZHIXIAOLANGHEDAHUAIZHU》DENG。TONGHUAYESHIWENXUEZUOPINDEYIZHONG,ZAIXIEZUOZHONGJIANGQIUJIQIAO,YINCIHENZHONGSHITADEKUANGJIAGOUJIAN、RENWUKEHUA、CAILIAOXUANQUHEYUYANDEJINGQUE。SUOYI,TONGHUASHIERTONGSHANGHAODEJINGSHENSHILIANG,YUEDUTONGHUANENGGOUBUDUANTISHENGERTONGSHUOHUA、YUEDU、ZUOWENDENGYUWENNENGLI。

                              TONGHUAGUSHIZHONGYUNHANZHECHENGNIANRENDUIERTONGDEJIAOYUQIDAI,ZUOJIA、JIAZHANG、LAOSHIDENGJIAOSEYINDAOERTONGYUEDUGEGEBANBEN《SANZHIXIAOZHU》DECHUZHONG,WUWAIHUJIAOYUERTONGYAOQINLAOKENGAN、RENZHENJIZHI、LEYUZHURENDENG。ZHEIXIEYUNZANGYUMINJIANTONGHUAZHONGDEZHENSHI、XIANGSHANGHEMEIHAODEQINGGANDAOXIANG,ZAIYIDINGCHENGDUSHANGNENGGOUPEIYANGERTONGDEXINGGEYISHI、JIAOSEYISHI、TUANJIEYISHIDENG,CONGERZAIQUANMIANFAZHANDEDAOLUSHANGZHIYINJIAOYUDEFANGXIANG。

                              MINJIANTONGHUASHIYINDAOERTONGJINXINGSHENMEIJIAOYUDEZHONGYAOWENXUETICAI,BENWENCONGWENHUACHUANCHENGDEJIAODU,YI《SANZHIXIAOZHU》WEILI,DUIMINJIANTONGHUADESHENMEIJIAOYUGONGNENGJINXINGLECHUBUDETANTAO,ZAIWENHUACHUANCHENGGUOCHENGZHONGPEIYANGERTONGDUITONGHUADESHENMEIQINGQUHENENGLIDAYOUHAOCHU,ZAIDANGDAISHENMEIWENHUAQINGJINGZHONG,ERTONGDESHENMEISHENGHUOYEXIANSHICHUMOUXIEGANGUANHUA、PINGMIANHUA、LINGSANHUADEJIXIANG,TONGHUALIQIUWANMEI、CHUNZHENGDEWENXUEXUSHIZEYIQIDUTEDEJINGDIANQIXI,WEIJINTIANDEERTONGBAOLIU、TIGONGLEYIFUCHUNJING、XUANLIDEYISHUTUJING。[6]FAHUIMINJIANTONGHUATIANRANJUYOUDESHENMEIJIAOYUGONGNENG,YICICUJINRENXINGTISHENG、XINLINGTUOZHAN,MINJIANTONGHUASUOCHENGZAIDESHENMEIJIAOYUYIYICAINENGDEYIZHENZHENGDISHIXIAN。

                              参考文献

                              [1]刘守华.民间童话之谜一一组民间童巧的比较研究之二[J].外国文学研究,1980,(03):121.
                              [2]汤锐.童话应该这样读[M].南宁:接力出版社,2012:4.
                              [3][美]乔恩·谢斯卡.三只小猪的真实故事[M].保定:河北教育出版社,2007:1—28.
                              [4]赵世林.论现代化进程中的民族文化传承[J].思想战线,1995,(06):46.
                              [5]杜传坤.民间童话<三只小猪>百年变迁中的教育叙事[J].全球教育展望,2015,(06):38.
                            牛牛游戏厅安卓,{原始关键词}   [6]方卫平.论童话及其当代价值[J].文艺评论,1998,(03):51.

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