牛牛游戏厅安卓,{原始关键词}

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                            《跷跷板》小说中的叙事视角与叙事者探究

                            时间:2020-04-13 09:56作者:徐慧
                            本文导读:这是一篇关于《跷跷板》小说中的叙事视角与叙事者探究的文章,双雪涛在《跷跷板》中通过叙事视角与叙事者的精心设置,表现出作家精妙的叙事艺术,本文对叙事视角与叙事者进行分析,进一步体会文本的精妙内涵与独特的叙事魅力。

                              摘    要:牛牛游戏厅安卓,{原始关键词} 近年来,双雪涛凭借《平原上的摩西》《飞行家》等作品声名鹊起,其个性化的语言风格,独特的观察视角,精妙的叙事手法显示出作家对小说艺术的自觉探索,无愧于“迟来的大师”的盛誉。文章从叙事学角度,选取双雪涛小说集《飞行家》中的首篇《跷跷板》为例,依据法国叙事学家热奈特与国内学者胡亚敏的叙事学理论,对《跷跷板》的叙事视角与叙述者进行分析,挖掘其独特的叙事魅力。

                              关键词:牛牛游戏厅安卓,{原始关键词} 《跷跷板》; 内聚焦叙事视角; 不可靠叙述者;

                            牛牛游戏厅安卓,{原始关键词}   SHUANGXUETAOZAI《QIAOQIAOBAN》ZHONGTONGGUOXUSHISHIJIAOYUXUSHIZHEDEJINGXINSHEZHI,BIAOXIANCHUZUOJIAJINGMIAODEXUSHIYISHU,BENWENDUIXUSHISHIJIAOYUXUSHIZHEJINXINGFENXI,JINYIBUTIHUIWENBENDEJINGMIAONEIHANYUDUTEDEXUSHIMEILI。

                              一、叙事视角

                            牛牛游戏厅安卓,{原始关键词}   HUYAMINZAI《XUSHIXUE》ZHONGZHICHU:“SHIJIAO,ZHIXUSHUZHEHUORENWUYUXUSHIWENZHONGDESHIJIANXIANGDUIYINGDEWEIZHIHUOZHUANGTAI,HUOZHESHUO,XUSHUZHEHUORENWUCONGSHENMEJIAODUGUANCHAGUSHI。”1

                            牛牛游戏厅安卓,{原始关键词}   XUSHISHIJIAOZUOWEIXUSHIXUELILUNDEHEXINGAINIANZHIYI,XUDUOXUSHIXUEYANJIUZHEDUIXUSHISHIJIAOJINXINGBUTONGDEJIEDUHEFENXI,BINGDUIXUSHISHIJIAODELEIXINGZUOCHUBUTONGDEHUAFEN。FAGUOXUSHIXUEJIARELAER·RENAITEZAI《XUSHIHUAYU》ZHONGTICHULE“JUJIAO”ZHEIYIGAINIAN,TONGSHIDUI“JUJIAO”DESANZHONGLEIXINGJIAYIBIJIAOHEJIESHI。ZAIRENAITEXUSHILILUNDEJICHUZHISHANG,GUONEIXUSHIXUEYANJIUZHEHUYAMINZAI《XUSHIXUE》ZHONG,YIJUDUIXUSHIWENZHONGSHIYEDEXIANZHICHENGDU,JIANGXUSHISHIJIAOFENWEISANZHONGLEIXING:FEIJUJIAOXING、NEIJUJIAOXINGHEWAIJUJIAOXING。

                              《QIAOQIAOBAN》CAIYONGLENEIJUJIAODESHIJIAO。“WO”YULIUYIDUOTONGGUOXIANGQINRENSHI,LIUYIDUODEFUQIN,YEJIUSHI“WOSHU”,SHENGBINGZHUYUAN,“WO”QIANWANGBINGFANGKANHU。KANHUQIJIAN,“WOSHU”XIANG“WO”JIANGSHULEYIDUANWANGSHI:1995NIAN,CHANGZIBUXINGLE,“WOSHU”JUEDINGDANGAN,SHOUXIANYAORANGYIPIRENXIAGANG,YUSHI“WOSHU”ZHAODAOLEGANPEIYUAN,RANGTAMAIDUAN。GANPEIYUANBUTONGYI,SICHUGAO“WOSHU”,BINGGENZONG“WOSHU”DENVER,SHITUDUILIUYIDUOXIASHOU。YUSHI“WOSHU”XIANGLEYIGEBANFA,BAGANPEIYUANZUOLE,RANHOUBASHITITUODAOLECHANGZIJINTOUDEYOUERYUANLI,YONGTIEQIAOWALEGEKENG,BAGANPEIYUANMAIZAILEYUANZILIQIAOQIAOBANDEDIXIA。XIANZAI“WOSHU”JINGCHANGZUOMENGMENGDAOGANPEIYUAN,MENGLIDEGANPEIYUANXIWANG“WOSHU”NENGJITAQIANGEDIFANG,LIKUAIBEI。YUSHI“WOSHU”BAZHEIJIANSHIQINGJIAODAIJIWOQUBAN。DANDANG“WO”DAOCHANGZIZHIHOU,FAXIANMENFANGZHENGSHI“WOSHU”KOUZHONGDEGANPEIYUAN。“WO”JIXUQIANWANGCHANGZIJINTOUYOUERYUANZHONGXUNZHAOQIAOQIAOBAN,KAISHIWATU,ZUIZHONGWADAOLEYIFUHAIGU。XIAOSHUODAOCICHUJIESHU。

                              ZHENGGEXIAOSHUOBINGMEIYOUFUZADEQINGJIE,ZUOJIACAIYONGNEIJUJIAODEXUSHUSHIJIAO,MEIYIJIANSHIDOUCONG“WO”DESUOJIANSUOGANCHENGXIAN。NEIJUJIAOXUSHUSHIJIAOPINGYIGERENHUOJIGERENDEGANGUANQUTING、QUKAN,JINJINZHUANSHUDESHI“WO”CONGWAIBUJIESHOUDEXINXIHEKENENGCHANSHENGDENEIXINHUODONG,MIANDUIQITARENWU,XIANGPANGGUANZHEYIYANGCONGWAIBUJIECHUQUCAIDU、YICE。《QIAOQIAOBAN》ZHONG,NEIJUJIAOSHIJIAODUOCITIXIANZAIDUIRENWUDEKEHUASHANG,RUDUILIUYIDUOXINGXIANGMIAOXIE:“LIUYIDUOBIWOGAO,DAGAIGAOSHIWUGONGFEN”,“JUWOMUCE,WOYIXIAYAOBULETANEIMECISHI,KENENGDEQIXIA,SHISANXIA。”2ZAIRU,“WO”DIYICIOUYU“WOSHU”:“YAOBANBIZHI,SHOULINAZHEFANGAISHOUJI,KANSHANGQUNENGJIETONGBUSHAOREN。”3YOURU,“WO”SHOULINZHONGTUOFUDAOJIUCHANGZIXUNZHAO“GANPEIYUAN”,JIANDAOMENFANGSHI:“YIGERENLAKAICHUANGHUTANCHUTOULAI,CIRENYEXUWUSHISUI,YEXULIUSHISUI,TOUFAMEIBAI,KESHILIANSHANGQUANSHIZHOUWEN。”4WENZHONGBUDUANCHUXIANDE“DAGAI”“KANSHANGQU”“YEXU”DENGZUOWEIYIZHONGTUICE、PANDUANXINGDECIYU,SHUOMINGLENEIJUJIAOSHIJIAOSHICONGRENWUDESHIJIAOZHANXIANQISUOJIANSUOWEN,GENJUZIJIDEJINGYANDUIRENWUHUOSHIJIANZUOCHUHELIDEPANDUAN。

                              此外,内聚焦视角的限定性造成叙述上的空白,构成悬念,增添悬疑色彩,极大地提高叙事作品的张力和吸引力。由于内聚焦视角中观察者视野的受限,无法还原呈现事件的全貌。在《跷跷板》中,由于“我”的不在场,仅仅依靠“我叔”的回忆,“我”无法全面了解1995年真实发生过什么。如今,既然甘沛元还活着,挖出的骸骨究竟是谁,关于这具骸骨背后又隐藏着什么故事,这些疑问在小说中并没有给出答案,这一视角为叙述增添了悬疑色彩。内聚焦叙事视角在增强作品吸引力的同时,还可以提高作品的可信度。“我”与读者面对谜团时是平等的,作品的真实感大大加强,同时激发了作品的表现力,为读者提供了多样的阐释空间。
                             

                            《跷跷板》小说中的叙事视角与叙事者探究
                             

                              二、叙述者

                            牛牛游戏厅安卓,{原始关键词}   XUSHUZHEZHIXUSHIWENZHONG“XUSHIXINGWEIDEZHUTI”,JIXIAOSHUOZHONGGUSHIDEJIANGSHUZHE,SHIXUSHIXUEYANJIUDEHEXINGAINIANZHIYI。WEIEN·BUSIZAI《XIAOSHUOXIUCIXUE》ZHONGTICHU“BUKEKAODEXUSHUZHE”GAINIAN,“DANGXUSHUZHEWEIZUOPINDESIXIANGGUIFAN(YIJIHANZUOZHEDESIXIANGGUIFAN)BIANHUHUOJIEJINZHEIYIZHUNZEXINGDONGSHI,WOBAZHEIYANGDEXUSHUZHECHENGWEIKEKAODE,FANZHI,WOCHENGZHIWEIBUKEKAODE。”5YIBANLAISHUO,XUSHUZHEBUKEKAODEYUANYINDAZHIYOUSAN:1.XUSHUZHEDEZHISHISHUIPINGYOUXIAN,ZAIXUSHUZHONGWANGWANGBAOLUZIJIDEWUZHI,RUERTONGXUSHUZHE;2.XUSHUZHEHUOHUANYOUJINGSHENJIBING,ZAIXUSHUZHONGBIAOXIANCHUSIWEIWENLUAN,RUCHISHA、FENGDIANXUSHUZHE;3.XUSHIZHEDUIXINXIDEZHANGWOBUWANQUAN,HUOSHICHUYUWEIHUZISHENLIYI、XINGXIANGDENGGEZHONGMUDEDUISHISHIJINXINGYINMAN、WAIQU,YUYINHANZUOZHE“WO”DEXUSHUCHANSHENGMAODUN,SHIXUSHUBIANDECUOZONGFUZA,CHENGXIANXUSHUSHANGDEBUKEKAOXING。

                            牛牛游戏厅安卓,{原始关键词}   《QIAOQIAOBAN》ZHONG,“WOSHU”JIUSHIYIGEDIANXINGDEBUKEKAOXUSHUZHE。ZUOJIAWEIZHEIYIBUKEKAOXUSHUZHETONGSHISHEZHILELIANGGEYUANYIN:SHOUXIAN,ZUOPINZHONGDUOCIANSHI“WOSHU”ZUOWEIYIGEBINGRENSHENZHIYIJINGCUOLUAN,LIRU,ZAIBINGCHUANGSHANG,“WOSHU”DUIWOSHUO:“XIAOLI,WOZUIJINWANGLEHENDUOSHI”,“KENENGSHIHUALIAODEFUZUOYONG,JIXINGBIANCHALE。”ZAIHUIYIWANGSHIDESHIHOU,“WOSHU”ZONGSHIXIANGBUQICHEJIANKANMENRENDEMINGZI;ZAIRU,CHUANGTAISHANGMINGMINGKONGWUYIWU,“WOSHU”QUECHANSHENGHUANJUE,KANDAOLEYIZHINIAO:“CHUANGTAIYOUZHINIAO,ZAINEIBANTIANLE,FEIBUCHUQU,NIJITAFANGCHUQUBA。”6YISHENGJIESHISHIZHONGLIUYIJINGDAOLENAOBU,ZHICHU“WOSHU”FEIZHENGCHANGDEJINGSHENZHUANGTAI,JIEYOUCITISHIDUZHE,“WOSHU”JIEXIALAIDUI“WO”JIANGSHUDEGUSHIYOUKENENGSHIXUJIADE、YIXIANGDE。XIAOSHUOZHONGHAIYOUYICHUXIJIE,“WOSHU”ZAIHUIYI1995NIANZHIQIAN,“WO”BUDUANZAINEIXINDUI“WOSHU”DEJINGSHENZHUANGTAITICHUYIWEN:DANGTARANG“WO”ZHAOCHUJUZILIDEJUNDAYISHI,“WOHUAIYISHITADEHUANJUE。RUGUOMEIYOUHUIHENGANGA。”“WOSHU”SHENZHIBANVERLIUYIDUODEXINGBIEXIANGCUANLE,DANGCHENGLEZIJIDEERZI。SUOYOUXIJIEDOUZHIXIANG“WOSHU”SHIYIGEBUKEKAODEXUSHUZHEDECUNZAI。JIEWEICHU,“WO”DAOJIUTUOLAJICHANGJIANDAODEMENFANGZHENGSHIGANPEIYUANBENREN,ZHEIYU“WOSHU”XUSHUDE“WOYONGBANZIBATAQIAODAOLE,RANHOUYOUNANILONGSHENGLELETADEBOZI”JI“WOQUEDINGTASILE,YANJINGBIGUOQUHAITUCHU,SHETOUYEYAOZHELE,WOJIUBATATUODAOCHANGZIJINLITOUDEYOUERYUAN,YONGTIEQIAOWALEGEKENG,BATAMAILE”7CHANSHENGLEXUSHUSHANGDEMAODUN。WOMENKEYIZHIYI“WOSHU”SUOHUIYIDEGUOQU:DANGNIAN,GANPEIYUANJIUJINGYOUMEIYOUWEIXIE“WOSHU”SHAQUANJIA?GANPEIYUANSHIFOUGENZONGLIUYIDUO?TASHIFOUZHENDE“NACHUYIPINGLIUSUAN,ZAIWOMIANQIANHUANGLEHUANG”?YIJI,“WOSHU”DAODIYOUMEIYOUDONGSHOUSHAREN?BEIWACHUDEHAIGUJIUJINGSHISHEI?SUOYOUZHEIXIEZUOWEIDUZHEDEWOMENDOUWUCONGQUEDING。

                              RUSHANGWENSUOFENXIDEBUKEKAOXUSHUZHESUOXINGCHENGDEYUANYIN,CHULEJINGSHENYUZHISHIYINSUWAI,XUSHUZHECHUYUMOUXIEFUZADEZHUGUANQINGGANYINSU,RUWEIHUZISHENXINGXIANGYULIYIDENGMUDE,YEHUIDUISHISHIJINXINGBUFENYINMAN,SHENZHIWAIQU。“WOSHU”ZAIXIAOSHUOZHONGSHIYIGEGAIGEDEJIDELIYIZHEXINGXIANG,QIXINGMINGBENSHENCHONGMANZHELISHIDEYINYU:“LIUQINGGE”,JI“QINGZHUGAIGE”。ZAI1995NIANZHIQIAN,“WOSHU”JIUSHITUOLAJICHANGDECHANGZHANG,GUOQIGAIZHIHOU,CHANGZIMIANLINDAOBI,“WOSHU”JUEDINGDANGAN。GAIGEBINGMEIYOUCHUJI“WOSHU”DELIYI,“WOSHU”RUYUDESHUI,ANWENDUGUOGAIGEHONGLIU,HOUDAIYEDEDAOSHENGHUOBAOZHANG。ZHANZAISHIDAIDESHENGLIZHEZHEDELICHANGHUIYIGUOQU,QIXUSHUDEKEXINDUBINGBUGAO,ZAIXIAOSHUOZUIHOU,WACHUDEHAIGUXIANGZHENGZHEGAIGEZHONGDEXISHENGZHE,TAMENDESHENGYINBEISHENGLIDELISHIYANMEI,YU“WOSHU”DEXUSHUXIANGDUIZHAO,TAMENWUFAWEIZIJIFASHENG。YOUCIKEYILUNDUAN,“WOSHU”ZAIXIAOSHUOZHONGWUYISHIYIGEBUKEKAODEXUSHUZHE。

                              YOUSHANGSHUDEFENXIKEYIDECHU“WOSHU”ZAIXIAOSHUOZHONGSHIYIGEBUKEKAODEXUSHUZHEDEJIELUN,ZHEIYI“BUKEKAOXUSHUZHE”DESHEZHIFENGFULEWENBENXUSHIDECENGCIYUNEIHAN,ZHIDEDUZHEZIXITIHUIHEWANWEI。

                              三、结语

                            牛牛游戏厅安卓,{原始关键词}   SHUANGXUETAODEDUANPIANXIAOSHUOGOUSIJINGQIAO,XIANSHICHUZUOJIADUTEDEGUANCHASHIJIAO,CHUSEDEXUSHICAINENGYIJIPENBODECHUANGZAOLI,TASHULIANYUNYONGXIANDAIXUSHIJIQIAO,BINGJIANGQIRONGRUDAOZUOPINSIXIANGXINGBIAODAZHIZHONG,SHIZUOPINJIANJUQIAOMIAODIXUSHIJIQIAOHESHENKEDESIXIANGNEIHAN。《QIAOQIAOBAN》ZHONGDENEIJUJIAOXUSHISHIJIAOYUBUKEKAOXUSHUZHEDEXUANZEBIEJUJIANGXIN,LIANGZHEXIANGHUPEIHE,JIDADITIGAOLEXIAOSHUOXUSHIDEZHANGLIHEXIYINLI,ZUOPINZAIZHUTINEIYUNYUJIQIAOYISHUSHANGQUDELESHUANGZHONGDECHENGJIU。

                              参考文献

                              [1] 双雪涛.飞行家[M].桂林:广西师范大学出版社,2017.
                              [2] 胡亚敏.叙事学[M].武汉:华中师范大学出版社,2004.
                              [3] 热奈特.叙事话语[M].王文融译,北京:中国社会科学出版社,1990.
                              [4] 黄平.“新的美学原则在崛起”——以双雪涛《平原上的摩西》为例[J].扬子江评论,2017(03):12-18.
                              [5] 张元珂.反类型的青春写作——双雪涛中短篇小说论[J].创作与论,2014(17):18-22.
                              [6] 曹霞.人生之常与人性之谜——评双雪涛的《跷跷板》[J].文学教育(上),2016(11):11.

                              注释

                              11.胡亚敏.叙事学[M].武汉:华中师范大学出版社,2004:19.
                              22.双雪涛.飞行家.桂林:广西师范大学出版社,2017:3.
                              33.双雪涛.飞行家.桂林:广西师范大学出版社,2017:6.
                              44.双雪涛.飞行家.桂林:广西师范大学出版社,2017:18.
                              55.韦恩布斯.《小说修辞学》北京:北京大学出版社,1987:178.
                              66.双雪涛.飞行家.桂林:广西师范大学出版社,2017:10.
                              77.双雪涛.飞行家.桂林:广西师范大学出版社,2017:16.

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