牛牛游戏厅安卓,{原始关键词}

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                                1. 当前位置: 代写一篇论文多少钱 > 英语论文 > 英汉形合意合的翻译策略

                                  英汉形合意合的翻译策略

                                  时间:2020-04-16 17:04作者:杨怡婧 郭笑笑
                                  本文导读:这是一篇关于英汉形合意合的翻译策略的文章,每种语言都有其独特的构成形式和内涵意义。就英语来说,英语以形合为主,意合为辅。整个句子由主干及其他成分组成,主语和谓语构成句子的主干,其他成分由连词、介词短语、状语或从句等进行补充。

                                    摘    要:牛牛游戏厅安卓,{原始关键词} 英语重形合、汉语重意合是英汉差异的一大特点。本文从英汉形合意合的角度分析中英句子结构的差异,并举例分析中英互译的翻译策略。

                                    关键词:牛牛游戏厅安卓,{原始关键词} 形合; 意合; 翻译策略;

                                    1、英语重形合、汉语重意合

                                    MEIZHONGYUYANDOUYOUQIDUTEDEGOUCHENGXINGSHIHENEIHANYIYI。JIUYINGYULAISHUO,YINGYUYIXINGHEWEIZHU,YIHEWEIFU。ZHENGGEJUZIYOUZHUGANJIQITACHENGFENZUCHENG,ZHUYUHEWEIYUGOUCHENGJUZIDEZHUGAN,QITACHENGFENYOULIANCI、JIECIDUANYU、ZHUANGYUHUOCONGJUDENGJINXINGBUCHONG。SUOYI,YINGWENXIANGYIKEDASHU,ZHUWEIWEIZHUGAN,QITACHENGFENWEIZHIYA。FANGUANHANYU,YIYIHEWEIZHU,XINGHEWEIFU。JUZIKAOYIYILIANJIE,BUTONGXIAODUANJUZHIJIANDELIANCIHENSHAO,JUZIHUNRANYITI,ZICHENGYIPAI,XINGSANERSHENJU。

                                    2、英汉形合意合的翻译策略

                                    YINGWENZHONGXINGHE,DUOZHANGJU,ZAIJINXINGHANYISHIYAOXIANDUJUZIJIEGOUJINXINGHUAFEN,ZHAOCHUZHUGAN,ZAIBAQITABUCHONGCHENGFENYICHULAI,ZHENGGEHANYIDEJUZIYINGDANGDUODUANJU,KEYISHIJUZIXIANDEBUNEIMEFANSUOLUOSUO。ZHONGWENZHONGYIHE,DUODUANJU,ZAIJINXINGYINGYISHIKEYIZAICHONGFENLIJIEJUZIYISIHOU,SHULICHULUOJIGUANXI,DUIQIJINXINGZHENGHE,TIANJIASHANGBIYAODELIANJIECI。

                                    BIRU“QUWEICUNZHEN”ZHEIYIGECHENGYU,JIUHANYUYISILAISHUOSHI“QUWEI‘BINGQIE'CUNZHEN”,YINCIJIASHANGLIANCI“and”,FANYIWEI“Eliminate the false and retain the true”。TONGYANGDI,“YOUKUNNAN,ZHAOJINGCHA”YISISHI“RUGUOYUDAOMAFAN,KEYIZHAOJINGCHA”。YINGWENFANYIWEI“In case of the trouble,you may dial the police”。YIWENJIANG“ZHAOJINGCHA”YIYIWEI“JIJINGCHADADIANHUA”,GENGJIAFUHEYIRUYUDUZHEDEBIAODAXIGUAN,YIYULIJIE。ZAIBIRU“SUHUASHUO,HOULAIJUSHANG”ZHEIGEJUZI,YINGYIWEI“As the saying goes,the latecomers surpass the early starter”,ZHEISHIYOUYUYINGYUZHONGDEYIJUHUAZHINENGYOUYIGEWEIYUHUODUOGEBINGLIEWEIYUDEYUFAYAOQIU,SUOYIZHEILIJIANGQIANWENDE“SUHUASHUO”YONGasYINDAOCHULAI,CHULICHENGFEIWEIYUDEXINGSHI,ERBA“HOULAIJUSHANG”CHULICHENGZHUJU,GENGJIATONGSHUN,FUHEYINGWENBIAODAXIGUAN。

                                    下面分别通过一些句子来分析英译汉及汉译英由于形合意合的差异,而在翻译中采用的翻译策略。
                                   

                                  英汉形合意合的翻译策略
                                   

                                    2.1、英译汉

                                  牛牛游戏厅安卓,{原始关键词}   1.A plane carrying the Polish president and dozens of the country's top political and military leaders to the site of a Soviet massacre of Polish officers in World War II crashed in western Russia on Saturday,killing everyone on board.

                                    YI:ZHOULIU,YIJIAFEIJIZAIELUOSIXIBUSHANGKONGZHUIHUI,JISHANGZAIYOUBOLANZONGTONGHESHUSHIMINGGAOGUAN,WURENSHENGHAI。CICICHUXINGDEMUDESHIQIANWANGERZHANQIJIANSULIANTUSHABOLANGUANYUANDEKATINGCANANYIZHICANJIAJINIANHUODONG。

                                  牛牛游戏厅安卓,{原始关键词}   FENXI:ZHEIJUHUASHIYIGEZHUWEIJIEGOU,ZHUYUSHIA plane,WEIYUSHIcrashed,YINCIZHENGJIANSHIDEDALUNKUOBIANXIANXIANCHULAILE。carrying the Polish president and dozens of the country's top political and military leaders to the site of a Soviet massacre of Polish officers in World War IISHIplaneDEXIUSHIYU,JIAODAILECHUXINGDEMUDEYIJIJISHANGSUOZAIGUANYUAN,in western Russia on Saturday,killing everyone on boardJIAODAILESHIJIANDEFASHENGSHIJIAN、DIDIANJIJIEGUO。YOUYINWEIZHEISHIYITIAOXINWENXIAOXILEIDEJUZI,YINCI,ZAIFANYISHI,YAOXIANBAZHUYAOSHIJIANJIANGQINGCHU,JUTINEIRONGHOUXUBUCHONG。SUOYI,XIANFANYICHUSHIJIANHESHIJIAN,ZAIJUTIDUIFEIJIDEQINGKUANGYIJISHISHIJIEGUOJINXINGFANYI。ZUIHOUBAZUIBUZHONGYAODECHUXINGMUDEFANGZAIZUIHOUFANYI,ZHENGGEYIWENJIEGOUJINCOU,YIYIHUNRANYITI,CHUANDAXINXIZHUNQUE,LIYUDUZHEYUEDU。

                                    2.Rescuers are searching for two others who are believed still trapped underground at Wangjialing Coal Mine,which straddles Xiangning County,of Linfen City,and Hejin City,of Yuncheng City,according to the rescue headquarters.

                                    YI:JIUYUANZHIHUIBUCHENG,JIUYUANRENYUANZHENGZAIQUANLISOUJIULINGWAILIANGMINGJUCHENGRENGKUNZAIWANGJIALINGMEIKUANGJINGXIADEKUANGGONG。GAIKUANGWEIYULINFENSHIXIANGNINGXIANHEYUNCHENGSHIDIJISHIHEJINSHIJIAOJIECHU。

                                    FENXI:ZHEIGEJUZISHIYIZEYOUGUANJIUYUANXIAOXIDEJUZI。JUZIDEDAJIEGOUSHIZHUWEIJIEGOU,YISISHI“JIUYUANRENYUANZHENGZAISOUJIULINGWAILIANGMINGKUANGGONG”,ZHIHOUYOUwhoYINDAODEDINGYUCONGJUYIJIwhichYINDAODEFEIXIANZHIXINGDINGYUCONGJUFENBIEXIUSHItwo othersHEWangjialing Coal Mine。SUOYIZAIFANYIZHONG,XIANBAZUIHOUYIGEBIAOMINGXIAOXILAIYUAN“JIUYUANZHIHUIBU”ZHEIYIXIAOFENJUFANGZAIYIWENDEKAITOU,ZHIHOUFANYIJUZIDEZHUGAN,JIJIUYUANRENYUANZHENGZAIQUANLISOUJIULINGWAILIANGMINGKUANGGONG。YOUYUXIUSHIKUANGGONGDEDINGYUCONGJUJIAODUAN,YINCIKEYIQIANZHIFANYI。ZUIHOUJIAODAICHUMEIKUANGDEJUTIWEIZHI。ZHENGGEYIWENJIBAYUANWENYISIWANZHENGZHUNQUEBIAODALECHULAI,YOUXIANDEXINGYUNLIUSHUI,BUTUOTA。

                                    2.2、汉译英

                                    1.人不犯我,我不犯人;人若犯我,我必犯人。

                                    YI:We will not attack unless we are attacked;if we are attacked,we will certainly counterattack.

                                  牛牛游戏厅安卓,{原始关键词}   FENXI:ZHEIJUHUACONGHANYUYISISHANGLAISHUO,BIAOSHIDESHI“RUGUOBIERENBUMAOFANWOMEN,NEIMEWOMENYEBUHUIMAOFANBIEREN;RUGUOBIERENMAOFANLEWOMEN,WOMENJIUYIDINGHUIJINXINGFANJI”,BENSHENSHIJUYOUTIAOJIANXINGDE,KEJIANHANYUBABENSHENDEGUANLIANCIDEYIWEIYEBIAOXIANLECHULAI。DANSHIJIUYINGWENLAIKAN,YOUYUYINGWENZHONGXINGHEDETEDIAN,YINCIZAIJINXINGYINGYISHIYIDINGYAOJIASHANGGUANLIANCI,BIAOSHICHUTIAOJIANXING。SUOYI,YIWENCHUXIANLE“unless”,“if”DENGBIAOSHITIAOJIANYIWEIDEGUANLIANCI,SHIDEZHENGGEYINGYIWENBIANDELIANGUANLIUCHANGLEHENDUO,YISIYEBIAODADEGENGWEIWANZHENGLE。FUHELEFANYIDE“XIN”“DA”DEYAOQIU。

                                    2.谦虚使人进步,骄傲使人落后。

                                  牛牛游戏厅安卓,{原始关键词}   YI:Modesty helps one go forward,whereas conceit makes one lag behind.

                                  牛牛游戏厅安卓,{原始关键词}   FENXI:BIRUZHEIJUHUA,JIUHANYUJUZIJIEGOULAISHUO,SHUYUDUIZHANGJU,DANSHIQIZHONGYINYINHANYOUBIJIAOYUZHUANZHEDEYIWEI。YISISHI“QIANXUBANGZHURENMENJINBU,DANSHIJIAOAOQUESHIRENLUOHOU”,HANYOUZHUANZHEDEYISI。YINCI,YOUYUYINGYUJUZIBENSHENWUFACHUANDACHUZHUANZHEDEYIWEI,ZAIFANYIWEIYINGYUSHI,JIUYAOZHUYILIANJIECIDESHIYONGLE。SUOYI,YINGWENFANYIZHONGTIANJIALE“whereas”YICI,BIAOSHICHUZHUANZHEDEYIWEI。

                                    3、结语

                                  牛牛游戏厅安卓,{原始关键词}   LIYONGYINGHANXINGHEYIHEDETEDIANKEYISHIDEYIWENGENGJIAQIHEYIRUYUYUYANDEBIAODAXIGUAN。DANBENWENBINGFEISHUOYINGWENQUANBUWEIXINGHE,ZHONGWENQUANBUWEIYIHE。YINGWENYEYOUYIXIELIYUSHIKEYIMEIYOULIANJIECIDE;ZHONGWENYOUXIEYESHIXUYAOGUANLIANCILAIQIANGDIAOBIAODAZHURUTIAOJIAN、YUANYIN、JIEGUODENGYINSUDE。YUYANWENHUABODAJINGSHEN,SHAOYOUBUSHENBIANWUFAZHUNQUECHUANDACHUYUANWENYISI,SHENZHIHUIWAIQUYISI。SUOYI,ZAIFANYISHIYAOCALIANGYANJING,JUTIWENTIJUTIFENXI,BINGCHENGYANFUDEXINDAYAYUANZE,YIYOUJIN·NAIDADEGONGNENGDUIDENGLILUNWEIYUANZE,ZIZHENJUZHUO,LINGHUODUOBIAN,JINZUIDANULIJIANGYUANWENDEYISIBIAODACHULAI,BUJINSHIDUIYIRUYUDUZHEDEFUZE,DUIYUANYUZUOZHEDEFUZE,GENGSHIDUIZIJIDEFUZE。

                                    参考文献

                                    [1] 孙致礼.高级英汉翻译[M].北京:外语教学与研究出版社,2010:68
                                    [2] 张元元.英汉思维差异对翻译的影响[J].海外英语,2016,(4):121-122.
                                  牛牛游戏厅安卓,{原始关键词}   [3] 何恩.形合与意合视角下新闻文体的翻译策略[J].新媒体研究,2015,(1):55-57.

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