牛牛游戏厅安卓,{原始关键词}

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                                    当前位置: 代写一篇论文多少钱 > 英语论文 > 英语介词非连续现象的类型和结构探析

                                    英语介词非连续现象的类型和结构探析

                                    时间:2020-04-24 12:38作者:李艳玲 赵雪
                                    本文导读:这是一篇关于英语介词非连续现象的类型和结构探析的文章,本文尝试从功能视角出发,以系统功能语言学为理论框架,主要依据加的夫语法的研究范式,采用树形图的分析方法,探讨英语介词非连续现象的类型和结构,并尝试解释介词非连续结构形成的动因。

                                      摘    要: 介词词组非连续现象是英语句法中的特殊结构之一,普遍存在于英语句法之中,学界对此已有不少讨论,目前主要集中探讨介词词组非连续现象的分类和个别非连续现象的成因。但现有分类标准规约性较强,未能全面关注意义对形式的影响,且目前只局限于对个别介词词组非连续现象成因的讨论,缺乏系统性。本文基于系统功能语言学视角,以加的夫语法为研究范式,采用树形图的分析方法,探究介词词组非连续现象的类别、内部结构及成因。本文认为介词词组在填充小句补语、状语、主要动词延长成分、名词词组后置修饰语和性质词组完成语时易出现非连续现象。介词词组非连续现象的形成主要受人际功能、语篇功能、“生成完整单位原则”“尾重原则”“最快生成首要成分原则”等的影响。

                                      关键词:牛牛游戏厅安卓,{原始关键词} 功能句法; 英语介词词组; 非连续现象; 加的夫语法; 系统功能语言学; 人际功能;

                                      Abstract: Discontinuous phenomena of prepositional phrase are the special structures which are prevalent in English syntax. They have been discussed for years in the linguistic circles. So far, scholars focus on the classifications of discontinuous phenomena of pre-positional phrase and the motivation of specific discontinuous prepositional phrase. However, the existing classification standard is too prescriptive, which ignores the influence of meanings on forms, and the explorations of discontinuity phenomena of prepositional phrase are not systematic. This paper tends to discuss the discontinuous phenomena of prepositional phrase, which is conducted by the Cardiff Grammar on the basis of Systemic Functional Linguistics, by tree diagrams to explore their types, inner structures and motivations. It finds that discontinuous phenomena is easy to occur when prepositional phrases are filling Complement, Adjunct, Main Verb Extension, the qualifier of a nominal group and the finisher of a quality group. The discontinuous phenomena of prepositional phrases are influenced by interpersonal function, textual function, “complete the unit” principle, “end weight” principle, “get the pivotal element in soon” principle, registers and the strengthened enhancement of grammatica-lization between the Main Verb and the minor verb.

                                      Keyword: Functional Syntax; prepositional phrase; discontinuous phenomena; Cardiff Grammar; Systemic Functional Linguistics; interpersonal function;

                                      1、 引言

                                      介词词组非连续现象是英语句法中的特殊结构之一,目前学界对该现象的研究可分为两个方面,其一,对介词词组非连续现象的分类研究,如Quirk等(1985:663) 提出“句尾介词”(deferred preposition)这一概念来描述介词词组的非连续现象,在被动结构、由不定式填充的补语、ing-结构中,介词易与介补语分裂。Biber等(2000:105) 提出“滞留介词”(stranded preposition)的概念,即当一个介词紧跟前面的动词,与其自身的介宾语或介补语分离时,该介词被称为“滞留介词”,他在Quirk等(1985)的基础上增加两种情况:在疑问句中,当介词词组中的介补语充当疑问代词时,介词与介补语发生分离;在关系从句中,当介词词组中的介补语充当先行词时,介词与介补语发生分离。国内学者对此也有过一些讨论,如张克礼(2003)、张震久和孙建民(2011)对介词非连续现象从传统语法的角度进行分类。徐振忠(1989)采用“介词后置”的概念讨论介词词组非连续现象的分类问题,概括英语句法中易出现介词后置的8种情况,即在疑问句、定语从句、名词性从句、感叹句、分裂句、被动句、不定式、ing-结构中。Fawcett(2000:223) 从系统功能语言学角度讨论介词词组在疑问句中的非连续现象,认为介词词组的分裂是一种“提升现象”(raising phenomena),即将介补语提升到更高的层次。张敬源和刘琛波(2011)探讨介词词组在小句层面上的非连续现象,高生文和闫振华(2013)介绍在疑问句中的介词词组非连续现象。何伟等(2015)提出介词词组在小句层面、名词词组层面的非连续现象。
                                     

                                    英语介词非连续现象的类型和结构探析
                                     

                                      QIER,DUIJIECIFEILIANXUXIANXIANGCHENGYINDETANXI,RUQuirkDENG(1985:664)RENWEIJIECIHEJIEBUYUSHIFOUFENLISHOUYUJINGDEYINGXIANG,ZHENGSHICHENGDUYUEDIDEYUJING,JIECICIZUYUEYOUKENENGFENLIE。BiberDENG(2000:106)TONGGUOYULIAOKUTONGJIDEFANGSHI,RENWEICHUYUJINGDEYINGXIANGWAI,YUFAHUACHENGDUYESHIYINGXIANGYINSUZHIYI,JIECIYUDONGCIDEGUANXIYUEJINMI,JIECIYUJIEBUYUDEGUANXIJIUYUESONGSAN。Fawcett(2000:224)TICHU“WEIZHI”(place)GAINIANLAIFENXIJIECICIZUDEFEILIANXUXIANXIANG,ZHIHOU,LIAOCHUYAN(2008)、ZHANGJINGYUANHELIUCHENBO(2011)、GAOSHENGWENHEYANZHENHUA(2013)SHENHUA“WEIZHI”GAINIANDUIJIECICIZUFEILIANXUXIANXIANGDEZUOYONG。HEWEIDENG(2015)RENWEIJIECICIZUZHISUOYIFASHENGFENLISHIYINSHOUJIEBUYUZHUWEIHUADEYINGXIANG。

                                    牛牛游戏厅安卓,{原始关键词}   BENWENCHANGSHICONGGONGNENGSHIJIAOCHUFA,YIXITONGGONGNENGYUYANXUEWEILILUNKUANGJIA,ZHUYAOYIJUJIADEFUYUFADEYANJIUFANSHI,CAIYONGSHUXINGTUDEFENXIFANGFA,TANTAOYINGYUJIECIFEILIANXUXIANXIANGDELEIXINGHEJIEGOU,BINGCHANGSHIJIESHIJIECIFEILIANXUJIEGOUXINGCHENGDEDONGYIN。

                                      2、 介词词组非连续现象界定

                                      DUIGAIXIANXIANGDEJIEDINGXUEJIEBIJIAOYIZHI,YUFAXUEJIASHIYONGBUTONGGAINIANDUIQIJINXINGMIAOSHU。QuirkDENG(1985)ZHICHU,YIBANQINGKUANGXIA,JIEBUYUWEIYUJIECIHOU,DANJIECIYUQIJIEBUYUFENLIQIEWEIYUJUWEISHIZEBEICHENGWEI“JUWEIJIECI”。Biber (2000)RENWEI,DANGYIGEJIECIJINGENQIANMIANDEDONGCI,YUQIZISHENDEJIEBINYUHUOJIEBUYUFENLISHI,GAIJIECIBEICHENGWEI“ZHILIUJIECI”。Fawcett(2000) JIANGQICHENGWEI“JIEMEICHENGFEN”ZHIJIANFASHENGDEFEILIANXUXIANXIANG,JIYIGEDANWEIZHONGDECHENGFENBEILINGYIGEDANWEIFENKAIDEQINGKUANGBEICHENGWEIFEILIANXUXIANXIANG。Fawcett(forthcoming)GENGJIAQUANMIANDIJIEDING“FEILIANXUXIANXIANG”DETEDIAN,JIDANGYIGEJUFACHENGFENCHUYUFEICHANGGUIWEIZHI,XIANYUHUOHOUYUSUOZAIJUFADANWEIZHONGDEZHUYAOCHENGFENSHI,GAIJUFADANWEIBEIJIEDINGWEIFASHENGFEILIANXUXIANXIANG。BENWENJIANGQIZUORUXIAJIEDING:ZAIYIGEJIECICIZUZHONGDEJIECIYUQIJIEBUYUBEIQITAJUFADANWEIHUOJUFACHENGFENJIEDUANERDAOZHIFENLIDEXIANXIANGCHENGWEIJIECICIZUDEFEILIANXUXIANXIANG。XIAMIANJIUJIADEFUYUFAZHONGDEXIANGGUANJUFAFANCHOUJIGUANXIJINXINGJIANYAOGAISHU。Fawcett(2000)JIANGJUFAFANCHOUFENWEILIANGGECENGCI,XIAOJUCENGHECIZUCENG,CIZUCENGBAOKUOMINGCICIZU、JIECICIZU、XINGZHICIZUHESHULIANGCIZU,YOUYUBENWENJINTAOLUNJIECICIZUDEXIANGGUANWENTI,YINCIZHIDUIJIECICIZUDENEIBUJIEGOUJINXINGMIAOSHU。

                                      3、 介词词组非连续现象探究

                                      3.1、 小句补语由介词词组填充

                                      ZAIJIADEFUYUFAZHONG,XIAOJUCHENGFENBAOKUOZHUYU(Subject)、ZHUYAODONGCI(Main Verb)、ZHUYAODONGCIYANZHANGCHENGFEN(Main Verb Extension)、CAOZUOCI(Operator)、ZHUDONGCI(Auxiliary Verb)、BUYU(Complement)、ZHUANGYU(Adjunct)、ZHANHECI(Binder)HELIANJIECI(Linker)DENG,QIZHONG,ZHUYAODONGCISHIXIAOJUZHONGDE“SHOUYAOCHENGFEN”(pivotal element)(Fawcett 2000:200-201)。DANGXIAOJUZHONGDEBUYUYOUJIECICIZUTIANCHONGQIEXIAOJULEIXINGZHUANHUANWEIYIWENJUSHI,JIECIYUJIEBUYUKENENGFENLI,RUXIAOJUWho were you seen by?1ZHONG,JIECICIZU by whomZAIYIWENJUZHONGFASHENGFEILIANXUXIANXIANG,RUTU1SUOSHI。

                                      图1 小句补语由介词词组填充
                                    图1 小句补语由介词词组填充

                                      TONGGUOTU1KEZHI,ZAIJUFAWAIBUwhoZUOWEIYIWENDAICISHIYIWENJUZHONGBUKEHUOQUEDECHENGFEN,DANZAIJUFANEIBU,WULUNwhoCHUYUXIAOJUZHONGDERENHEWEIZHISHIZHONGLISHUYUJIECICIZUby whom,CHONGDANGJIEBUYU,GAIXIAOJUSHIZEJIANGJIEBUYUTISHENGZHIXIAOJUCHENGFENCHONGDANGYIWENDAICI,JUFAJIEGOUBINGWEIFASHENGSHIZHIXINGGAIBIAN。

                                      3.2、 小句状语由介词词组填充

                                      ZAIXIAOJUZHONGDEZHUANGYUYOUJIECICIZUTIANCHONGQIEXIAOJUZHENDUIZHUANGYUJINXINGTIWENZHUANBIANWEIYIWENJUDEQINGKUANGXIA,JIECIHEJIEBUYUYIFENLIE,RUXIAOJUWho does he work for?2ZHONG,CHONGDANGXIAOJUZHUANGYUDEJIECICIZU for whoFASHENGFEILIANXUXIANXIANG,RUTU2SUOSHI。

                                      图2 小句状语由介词词组填充
                                    图2 小句状语由介词词组填充

                                    牛牛游戏厅安卓,{原始关键词}   GAIXIAOJUDECHENSHUJIEGOUWEIHe works for whom,JIANGCHENSHUJUZHUANHUANWEIYIWENJUSHI,ZAIJUFAWAIBUwhoWEIYUGAIXIAOJUJUSHOUZUOWEIYIWENDAICI,TONGGUOFENXISHUXINGTU,FAXIANZAIXIAOJUNEIBUJIEGOUZHONGwhoSHIZHONGCHONGDANGSUOZAIJIECICIZUfor whomDEJIEBUYU,JUFAGONGNENGBINGWEIFASHENGSHIZHIGAIBIAN。

                                      3.3、 主要动词延长成分由介词词组填充

                                      Fawcett(2000:235)JIANGDONGCICIZUZHONGDECHENGFENZHIJIETIZHIXIAOJUCENGMIAN,CHONGDANGXIAOJUZHONGDECAOZUOCI、ZHUYAODONGCI、ZHUYAODONGCIYANZHANGCHENGFEN。DANGZHUYAODONGCIYANZHANGCHENGFENYOUJIECICIZUTIANCHONGSHI,JIECIHEJIEBUYUYIFASHENGFENLI,RUZAIXIAOJUWhat a mess he’s got into!3ZHONG,JIECICIZUinto (what) a messBEIXIAOJUZHONGDEQITACHENGFENGELIE,RUTU3SUOSHI。

                                      图3 主要动词延长成分由介词词组填充
                                    图3 主要动词延长成分由介词词组填充

                                    牛牛游戏厅安卓,{原始关键词}   GAIXIAOJUDECHENSHUXINGSHIWEIHe’s got into (what) a mess, ERHOUZHUANBIANWEIGANTANJUJIEGOU,QIANGDIAODENEIRONGSHIJIECICIZUDEJIEBUYU,YINCIJIANGJIEBUYUTIQIAN,ZAIJUFAGONGNENGCENGMIAN,WULUNJUFACHENGFENRUHEGAIBIAN,what a messSHIZHONGCHUYUJIEBUYUDEDIWEI。

                                      3.4 名词词组后置修饰语由介词词组填充

                                      ZAIJIADEFUYUFAZHONG,MINGCICIZUCHENGFENZHUYAOBAOKUOZHONGXINCI(head)、XIANDINGCI(determiner)、HOUZHIXIUSHIYU(qualifier)DENG(Fawcett 2000:306),DANGJIECICIZUTIANCHONGMINGCICIZUHOUZHIXIUSHIYUSHI,JIECIHEJIEBUYUKENENGFENLI,RUan exercise that you’ve been asking for4ZHONGfor an exerciseBEIFENLI,RUTU4SUOSHI。

                                      图4 名词词组后置修饰语由介词词组填充
                                    图4 名词词组后置修饰语由介词词组填充

                                      CONGSHUXINGTUKEZHI,GAIXIAOJUZHONGDEBUYUSHIYOUMINGCICIZUTIANCHONG,ERMINGCICIZUDEHOUZHIXIUSHIYUYOUXIAOJUTIANCHONG,JIECICIZUTIANCHONGXIUSHIXIAOJUDEBUYU,ERTIANCHONGZHUJUBUYUDEMINGCICIZUZHONGXINCIan exerciseSHIJISHANGSHIJIECICIZUZHONGDEJIEBUYU,YINCIZAIJUFACENGMIANBIAOXIANWEIJIECICIZUfor an exercise BEIFENLI,JIECIforWEIYUJUWEI,JIEBUYUan exerciseCHONGDANGXIAOJUBUYU。

                                      3.5、 性质词组完成语由介词词组填充

                                      XINGZHICIZUDEZHUYAOCHENGFENWEIZHONGXINCI(apex)、DIAOJIECI(temperer)、WANCHENGYU(finisher)(TONGSHANG:307)。DANGJIECICIZUCHONGDANGXINGZHICIZUWANCHENGYUSHI,JIECIHEJIECIBUYUYIFENLI,RUZAIXIAOJULydia is easy to talk with5ZHONG,with LydiaFASHENGFENLI,RUTU5SUOSHI。

                                      图5 性质词组完成语由介词词组填充
                                    图5 性质词组完成语由介词词组填充

                                    牛牛游戏厅安卓,{原始关键词}   GAIXIAOJUZHONGDEBUYUYOUXINGZHICIZUeasy to talk withTIANCHONG,ZUOWEIXIUSHIXINGZHICIZUZHONGXINCIeasyDEXIAOJUto talk with,QIBUYUYOUJIECICIZUwith(Lydia)TIANCHONG,DANZHUJUZHUYULydiaSHIJISHANGSHIJIECICIZUZHONGDEJIEBUYU,QIJUFADIWEIWEIFASHENGBENZHIXINGGAIBIAN,ZAIJUFACENGMIANCHENGXIANWEIJIECICIZUwith Lydia FASHENGFENLIE,JIECIwithWEIYUJUWEI,JIEBUYULydiaWEIYUJUSHOUCHONGDANGZHUJUZHUYU。

                                      4 、介词词组非连续现象的成因

                                      4.1、 受人际功能的影响

                                      RENJIGONGNENGZAIJUFAZHONGTIXIANWEIYUQIXITONGDEJIANLI,Fawcett(2008:151)YIJUYUYANDEGONGNENGZHONGXINGOUJIANYUQIXITONG,TAJIANGYUQIXITONGFENWEIXINXIJU(information)HEXINGWEITIYIJU(proposal for action)BINGSHIYONGGAIRANLV(probabilities)QUEDINGGELEIXIAOJUDESHIYONGPINLV,QIZHONGXINXIJUBAOKUOXINXIJIYUJU(information giver)HEXINXIXUNQIUJU(information seeker),YOUYUBENWENYANJIUNEIRONGZHISHEJIXINXIJUBUFEN,YINCIZHIDUIGAIBUFENJINXINGCHANSHU。

                                      JIECICIZUTIANCHONGXIAOJUBUYU、ZHUANGYUHEZHUYAODONGCIYANZHANGCHENGFENSHICHUXIANDEFENLIXIANXIANGSHOURENJIGONGNENGDEYINGXIANG。SHUOHUARENTICHUWho were you seen by?DEWENTILAIXUNQIUXINXINXIwho,WEILEJIAQIANGDUICANYUZHEJIAOSEwhoDEDINGWEI,SHUOHUARENJIANGJIECIbyYUJIEBUYUwhoFENLI,BAXIANGHUODEDEXINXIwhoFANGZAIJUSHOUCHONGDANGYIWENDAICI,SHIXIANCONGXINXIJIYUJUDAOXINXIXUNQIUJUDEZHUANBIAN,CONGERDADAOJIAOJIMUDE。ZAIRUXIAOJUWho does he work for?JIECICIZUfor whomZAIXIAOJUZHONGCHONGDANGZHUANGYU,DANGSHUOHUARENXIANGLEJIESUOZUOSHIQINGDEMUDESHI,JIANGBIAOSHIJUTIMUDEDEJIEBUYUwhoTIDAOJUSHOUCHONGDANGYIWENDAICI,JIANGXINXIJIYUJUZHUANBIANWEIXINXIXUNQIUJU,TONGYANGDADAOJIAOJIMUDE。LINGWAI,JIECICIZUCHONGDANGZHUYAODONGCIYANZHANGCHENGFENSHI,WEILESHIXIANTEDINGDEYUYIGONGNENG,JIECIHEJIEBUYUYEYOUKENENGFENLI,XIAOJUWhat a mess he’s got into! FAHUIYUQIXITONGZHONGGANTANJU(exclamation)DEGONGNENG,SHUOHUARENWEILEQIANGDIAOSHITAIDEYANZHONGCHENGDU,JIANGBIAOSHICHENGDUDEMINGCICIZUTIQIAN,Fawcett(2008:156)RENWEI,GANTANJUXINGSHIBENZHISHANGSHUYUXINXIJIYUJU,whatSHIDUISHIWUDELIANGDEFANYING,BIAOSHISHUOHUARENDUIMOUYISHIWUHUOQINGKUANGDEJINGYACHENGDU,YINCI,whatKEYILIJIECHENGWEIDUIMINGCICIZUZHONGXINCImessDECHENGDUXIUSHI,what a messGONGTONGGOUCHENGMINGCICIZU,JUFASHANGJIANGGAIMINGCICIZUTIQIANGOUCHENGTONGCHANGYIYISHANGDE“GANTANJU”,YUYISHANGTIXIANSHUOHUARENDEJINGYACHENGDUHENGAO,SHUOHUARENDEGERENTAIDUBIAOXIANMINGXIAN。

                                      4.2、 受语篇功能的影响

                                      YUPIANGONGNENGZAIJUFACENGMIANYOUZHUWEIXITONGTIXIAN,QIZHONG,Halliday(1994)HEFawcett(2008)DUIWh-YIWENJUZHONGYIWENDAICIDEZHUWEIDIWEIYOUBUTONGDEKANFA。Halliday(1994:46)JIANGWEIYUJUSHOUDEwh-DAICIHUAFENWEIZHUWEICHENGFEN,DANFawcett(2008:153)RENWEIwh-YIWENDAICIBUJUBEIYUPIANGONGNENG。JIADEFUYUFAJINGUANZHUYIWENCIDETIWENGONGNENG,DANHULVESHUOHUARENSHIYONGYIWENJUSHIDEMUDE,YINCIBENWENYIZHAOHalliday(1994)DEHUAFENBIAOZHUN。CONGYUPIANGONGNENGJIAODULAIKAN,JIECICIZUDEFEILIANXUJIEGOUSHIZHUWEIZHUANHUANDEJIEGUO,CONGERSHIXIANJIECIBUYUZHUWEIHUA。CHENSHUJUYou were seen by whomZHUANHUANWEIYIWENJUWho were you seen by?SHI,ZHUWEICONGyouZHUANHUANWEIwho;XIAOJUHe works for whomZHUANHUANWEIYIWENJUWho does he work for?,ZHUWEICONGheZHUANHUANWEIwho. GENJUYUYONGXUYAO,ZHUWEIDEZHUANBIANGUOCHENGSUISHUOHUAZHEYITUERBIAN,JIANGSHUOHUARENQIANGDIAODEZHONGXINCHENGFENFANGYUJUSHOUSHIXIANZHUWEIHUA,RANGTINGHUARENKUAISULEJIESHUOHUARENDEYITU,CONGERSHIXIANYOUXIAODEJIAOJI,ZAIJUFASHANGTIXIANWEICHUZAIZHUWEIWEIZHISHANGDECIZU。

                                      4.3、 受成分生成原则的影响

                                    牛牛游戏厅安卓,{原始关键词}   Fawcett(forthcoming)TICHUSHENGCHENGYUPIANJUZIDE5TIAOYUANZE,QIZHONG,“SHENGCHENGWANZHENGDANWEIYUANZE”SHIJIBENYUANZE,“WEIZHONGYUANZE”“ZUIKUAISHENGCHENGSHOUYAOCHENGFENYUANZE”SHISHENGCHENGTESHUJUZIJIEGOUSHISHIYONGDEYUANZE。“SHENGCHENGWANZHENGDANWEIYUANZE”ZHIYIBANQINGKUANGXIA,SHENGCHENGYIGEWANZHENGDEJUFADANWEIZHIHOUCAINENGKAISHISHENGCHENGXIAYIGEJUFADANWEI。ZAITESHUQINGKUANGXIA,CHUXIANWEIBEIJIBENYUANZEDEXIAOJU,XUYAOSHIYONGQITADESHENGCHENGGUIZEJINXINGXIANZHI,JI“WEIZHONGYUANZE”HE“ZUIKUAISHENGCHENGSHOUYAOCHENGFENYUANZE”。“WEIZHONGYUANZE”ZHIYUYIZHONGLIJIAODADECHENGFENZUIHOUSHENGCHENG;“ZUIKUAISHENGCHENGSHOUYAOCHENGFENYUANZE”ZHIJINKUAISHENGCHENGYIGEDANWEIZHONGDESHOUYAOCHENGFEN。

                                    牛牛游戏厅安卓,{原始关键词}   JIECICIZUTIANCHONGMINGCICIZUHOUZHIXIUSHIYU、XINGZHICIZUWANCHENGYUSHIFASHENGDEFEILIANXUXIANXIANGDOUSHOUDAOSHENGCHENGYUANZEDEYINGXIANG,RUIt’s an exercise that you’ve been asking forZUNXUN“SHENGCHENGWANZHENGDANWEIYUANZE”,ANZHAOZHUYU、ZHUYAODONGCI、BUYUDESHUNXUSHENGCHENG,ZAISHENGCHENGBUYUDEGUOCHENGZHONG,MINGCICIZUTIANCHONGBUYUDEWEIZHI,ERMINGCICIZUZHONGDEZHONGXINCIWEIJIECICIZUfor an exerciseZHONGDEJIEBUYU,YINCIANZHAO“ZUIKUAISHENGCHENGSHOUYAOCHENGFENYUANZE”,YINGYOUXIANSHENGCHENGMINGCICIZUDEZHONGXINCI,NEIMETIXIANZAIJUFAJIEGOUSHANGZESHIJIANGJIECICIZUDEJIEBUYUexerciseYIZHIMINGCICIZUZHONGXINYUDEWEIZHI,JINERXINGCHENGan exercise that you’ve been asking forDEJIEGOU。XIAOJULydia is easy to talk withTONGYANGSHOUDAOSHENGCHENGGUIZEDEYINGXIANG。GENJU“SHENGCHENGWANZHENGDANWEIYUANZE”,XIAOJUYIZHUYU、ZHUYAODONGCI、BUYUDESHUNXUSHENGCHENG,SHUOHUAZHEJIANGCANYUZHELydiaDEXINGGEZAIto talk withQINGXINGXIADINGYIWEIeasy,HUANJUHUASHUO,LydiaZAITEDINGDECHANGHEBIAOXIANCHUeasyDETEDIAN,BUDAIBIAOQITACHANGHEYEYOUTONGYANGDETEDIAN,CISHI“WEIZHONGYUANZE”BEIJIHUO,YONGJUYOUXIANGDUIJIAOGAOYUYIZHONGLIDEXIAOJUto talk withXIANDINGeasy.

                                    牛牛游戏厅安卓,{原始关键词}   CHUSHOURENJIGONGNENG、YUPIANGONGNENG、“WEIZHONGYUANZE”HE“ZUIKUAISHENGCHENGSHOUYAOCHENGFENYUANZE”DEYINGXIANGWAI,YUYU、JIECIYUDONGCIYUFAHUACHENGDUDEZENGQIANGYESHIJIECICIZUFEILIANXUXIANXIANGDEPUBIANCHENGYIN。

                                      5、 结束语

                                      BENWENJIYUXITONGGONGNENGYUYANXUESHIJIAO,YIJIADEFUYUFAWEIYANJIUFANSHI,BENZHE“YIYIWEIZHONGXIN,XINGSHITIXIANYIYI”DESIXIANG,TAOLUNJIECICIZUDEFEILIANXUXIANXIANGDELEIXING、NEIBUJIEGOUJICHENGYIN。JIECICIZUFEILIANXUXIANXIANGDECHENGYINJIAOWEIFUZA,KEGAIKUOWEISHOURENJIGONGNENG、YUPIANGONGNENGDEYINGXIANG,SHOU“SHENGCHENGWANZHENGDANWEIYUANZE”“WEIZHONGYUANZE”“ZUIKUAISHENGCHENGSHOUYAOCHENGFENYUANZE”DEZHIYUE,CHUCIZHIWAI,YUYUHEZHUYAODONGCIYUJIECIDEYUFAHUAZENGQIANGYESHIYINGXIANGJIECICIZUFEILIANXUXIANXIANGDEZHONGYAOYINSU。

                                      参考文献

                                      高生文闫振华.英语不连续现象的加的夫语法研究[J].北京科技大学学报(社会科学版),2013(2).‖Gao,S.-W.,Yan,Z.-H.A Study of Discontinuity Within the Framework of the Cardiff Grammar[J].Journal of University of Science and Technology Beijing(Social Sciences Edition,2013(2).
                                      何伟 张敬源张 娇贾培培.英语功能句法分析[M].北京:外语教学与研究出版社,2015.‖He,W.,Zhang,J.-Y.,Zhang,J.,Jia,P.-P.Functional Syntactic Analysis of English[M].Beijing:Foreign Language Teaching and Research Press,2015.
                                      廖楚燕.加的夫语法中的位置概念[A].系统功能语法入门:加的夫模式[C].北京:北京大学出版社,2008.‖Liao,C.-Y.The Concept of Place in Cardiff Grammar[A].An Introduction to Systemic Functional Linguistics:The Cardiff Model[C].Beijing:Peking University Press,2008
                                      徐振忠.英语介词后置新探[J].外语教学,1989(4).‖ Xu,Z.-Z.The New Exploration of English Postposition Preposition[J].Foreign Language Education,1989(4).
                                      张克礼.英语语法与用法[M].北京:北京师范大学出版社,2003.‖Zhang,K.-L.English Grammar and Usage[M].Beijing:Beijing Normal University Publishing Group,2003.
                                      张敬源刘琛波.基于加的夫语法的英语介词词组非连续现象探析[J].天津外国语大学学报,2011(3).‖Zhang,J.-Y.,Liu,C.-B.An Exploration of Discontinuity in the Prepositional Group under the Cardiff Grammar[J].Journal of Tianjin Foreign Studies University,2011(3).
                                      张震久孙建民.英语应用语法[M].北京:外语教学与研究出版社,2011.‖Zhang,Z.-J.,Sun,J,-M.Mo-dern English Grammar in Use[M].Beijing:Foreign Language Teaching and Research Press,2011.
                                      Biber,D.,Johansson,S.,Leech,G.,Conrad,S.,Finegan,E.Longman Grammar of Spoken and Written English[M].Beijing:Foreign Language Teaching and Research Press,2000.
                                      Fawcett,R.P.A Theory of Syntax for Systemic Functional Linguistics[M].Amsterdam:Benjamins,2000.
                                      Fawcett,R.P.Invitation to Systemic Functional Linguistics Through the Cardiff Grammar:An Extension and Simplification of Halliday's Systemic Functional Grammar (3rd ed.)[M].London:Equinox,2008.
                                      Fawcett,R.P.The Functional Syntax Handbook:Analyzing English at the Level of Meaning[M].London:Equinox,Forthcoming.
                                      Halliday,M.A.K.An Introduction to Functional Grammar(2nd ed.)[M].London:Arno,1994.
                                    牛牛游戏厅安卓,{原始关键词}   Quirk,R.,Greenbaum,S.,Leech,G.,Svartvik,J.A Comprehensive Grammar of the English Language[M].London:Pearson Longman,1985.

                                      注释

                                      1例句来源于Fawcett(2000:225)。
                                      2例句来源于Corpus of Contemporary American English.
                                      3例句来源于徐振忠(1989:29)。
                                      4例句来源于British National Corpus.
                                      5例句来源于Corpus of Contemporary American English.

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