牛牛游戏厅安卓,{原始关键词}

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                      • 当前位置: 代写一篇论文多少钱 > 英语论文 > 英汉反身代词的语法性质及其对比

                        英汉反身代词的语法性质及其对比

                        时间:2020-04-29 10:55作者:王蕾
                        本文导读:这是一篇关于英汉反身代词的语法性质及其对比的文章,从产生至今,生成语法一直是语言学界争论的焦点。特别是约束理论,众多研究者对其在不同语言中的适用性产生了质疑。本文从约束理论出发,探索了英汉两种语言中反身代词在句中所受约束的异同。

                          摘    要: 乔姆斯基的约束理论自产生至今,反身代词所指问题一直是语言学界研究的重点。本文在约束理论的基础上,比较了英汉反身代词的异同,并探讨了汉语反身代词中远距离约束、主语倾向性和阻塞效应等现象。

                          关键词:牛牛游戏厅安卓,{原始关键词} 约束理论; 反身代词;

                          1、引言

                        牛牛游戏厅安卓,{原始关键词}   CONGCHANSHENGZHIJIN,SHENGCHENGYUFAYIZHISHIYUYANXUEJIEZHENGLUNDEJIAODIAN。TEBIESHIYUESHULILUN,ZHONGDUOYANJIUZHEDUIQIZAIBUTONGYUYANZHONGDESHIYONGXINGCHANSHENGLEZHIYI。BENWENCONGYUESHULILUNCHUFA,TANSUOLEYINGHANLIANGZHONGYUYANZHONGFANSHENDAICIZAIJUZHONGSUOSHOUYUESHUDEYITONG。

                          2 、约束理论

                          BIAOZHUNDEYUESHULILUNBAOKUO(WENBINLI,2002,160):(1)ZHAOYINGYUZAIGUANXIAFANWEINEIBIXUSHOUYUESHU。(2)DAICIZAIGUANXIAFANWEINEIBUDESHOUYUESHU。(3)ZHICHENGYUZAIRENHEFANWEINEIDOUBUDESHOUYUESHU。“YUESHU”ZHILIANGGEMINGCIXINGCHENGFENZHIJIANZAIZHICHENGYIYISHANGDEYILAIGUANXI。“SHOUYUESHU”ZHIZHAOYINGYUYAOGENKEJIZHUYUTONGZHI。“BUSHOUYUESHU”JI“ZIYOU”。ZHICHENGYUYOUDULIDEZHICHENGYIYI。FANSHENDAICI、XIANGHUDAICIHERENCHENGDAICIDOUMEIYOUDULIDEZHICHENGNENGLI。FANSHENDAICIHEXIANGHUDAICITONGCHENGWEIZHAOYINGYU,JIYAOQIUJUZHONGYOUYIGECIYUCHONGDANGQIXIANXINGYU。

                          3 、英汉反身代词的语法性质

                          3.1、 英语反身代词的语法性质
                         

                        英汉反身代词的语法性质及其对比
                         

                        牛牛游戏厅安卓,{原始关键词}   YINGYUZHONG,FANSHENDAICIQUZHEBIANHUAFENGFU,KECHONGDANGBUTONGDEJUFACHENGFEN,DANBUKEZUOZHUYU:

                        牛牛游戏厅安卓,{原始关键词}   (1)*Himself is at home.(BUKEZUOZHUYU)

                          3.2 、汉语反身代词的语法性质

                          HANYUFANSHENDAICIYOULIANGZHONGBIAOXIANXINGSHI:(1)“DAICI+ZIJI”JIEGOU,BIRU“WOZIJI”;(2)WEI“ZIJI”,GAIXINGSHIXIA,BUTONGDEYUJINGZHONG“ZIJI”DUIYINGBUTONGDEZHICHENG。

                        牛牛游戏厅安卓,{原始关键词}   HANYUDEFANSHENDAICIBUJUYOUQUZHEBIANHUA。JUFAGONGNENGYUYINGYULEISI,DANKEZUOZHUYU,LIRU“ZIJIZAIJIA”。

                          4、 英汉反身代词的异同

                          HANYUZHONG“DAICI+ZIJI”BUHUIYINQIQIYI。BIRU“XIAOHONGZHIDAOXIAOMINGHENTAZIJI”。JUZHONG,“TAZIJI”ZHIDESHINANXING,JIXIAOMING。ERRUGUOSHUO“XIAOHONGZHIDAOXIAOMINGHENZIJI”,“ZIJI”ZEJIKEYIZHIXIAOMINGYEKEYIZHIXIAOHONG,YINQIQIYI。BENWENJINDUIHANYUZHONG“ZIJI”ZHEIYIXINGSHIJINXINGJIEXI。

                          4.1、 汉英反身代词的共同点

                          YUESHULILUNDIYIYUANZEDESHIXIANXUYAOYIDINGDETIAOJIAN:(1)XIANXINGYUJUQIANBINGTONGZHIZHAOYINGYU;(2)XIANXINGYUYUZHAOYINGYUTONGBIAO。RU:

                          2)[John]i hated[himself]i/*[herself]j.

                        牛牛游戏厅安卓,{原始关键词}   3)[Mary]i knows{[Tom]j hates[himself]j/*[herself]i}.

                          2)ZHONG,JohnWEIXIANXINGYU,GUANXIAYUWEIhate,himselfYUJohnTONGBIAO,YINCIZHEIJUHUAHANYIWEI“YUEHANHEN(YUEHAN)ZIJI”。

                        牛牛游戏厅安卓,{原始关键词}   3)ZHONG,YUESHUYUWEIDAKUOHAONEIDEBUFEN。TomWEIXIANXINGYU,hateWEIGUANXIAYU,ZHEIYANG,GAIJUZHONGZHINENGSHIYONGhimself。JITANGMUHENDESHITANGMUZIJI。

                          HAIYOUYILEIJUZI:

                        牛牛游戏厅安卓,{原始关键词}   4)[John]i welcomed{[the reporter]j’s criticism of[himself]j}.

                        牛牛游戏厅安卓,{原始关键词}   4)ZHONG,QIAOMUSIJIBADAKUOHAONEIDEBUFENDENGTONGYU“The reporter criticized himself”。YINCI,ZHEIJUHUAZHONG,XIANXINGYUJIKEJIZHUYUWEIreporter,GUANXIAYUWEIof,himselfZHIDESHIreporter,ERBUSHIJohn。

                          YISHANGWEIYUESHULILUNZAIYINGYUFANSHENDAICIZHONGDEYINGYONG。LINGYIFANGMIAN,YUESHULILUNDEZHAOYINGYUYUANZEZAIHANYUZHONGTONGYANGSHIYONG:

                        牛牛游戏厅安卓,{原始关键词}   5)ZHANGSANiPIPINGZIJIi。

                          ZHEILI,“ZHANGSAN”YU“ZIJI”TONGBIAO,ZHIDESHIYIGEREN,“ZIJI”SHOU“ZHANGSAN”YUESHU。

                        牛牛游戏厅安卓,{原始关键词}   BAYINGHANFANSHENDAICIFANGZAIYIQIJINXINGBIJIAO:

                          6)John likes himself’s book.(YUEHANXIHUANZIJIDESHU)

                          ZONGSHANGSUOSHU,YUESHULILUNJISHIYONGYUYINGYU,YESHIYONGYUHANYU。

                          4.2 、汉英反身代词的差异

                        牛牛游戏厅安卓,{原始关键词}   YUESHULILUNBUNENGHELIJIESHIYIXIEHANYUDEYISI:

                          7)ZHANGSANiZHIDAOLISIjHENZIJIi/j。

                        牛牛游戏厅安卓,{原始关键词}   7)ZHONG,GUANXIAYUWEI“LISIHENZIJI”。QIZHONG,“LISI”WEIKEJIZHUYU,GUANXIAYUWEI“HEN”。YINCI,“ZIJI”ZHIDESHILISI。DANHANYUZHONG,“ZIJI”JIKEYIZHIZHANGSAN,YEKEYIZHILISI。DANGZIJIZHIZHANGSANDESHIHOU,YUESHULILUNDEZHAOYINGYUYUANZEJIUBUZAISHIYONG。

                        牛牛游戏厅安卓,{原始关键词}   4.2.1 、YUANJULIYUESHU

                          7)ZHONG,WOMENBADANG“ZIJI”ZHIZHANGSANSHIDEXIANXIANGJIAOZUO“YUANJULIYUESHU”。

                        牛牛游戏厅安卓,{原始关键词}   BIJIAO(3)HE(7)KEYIFAXIAN,YINGYUZHONGFANSHENDAICIDEYUESHUSHIJUBUDE。DANZAIHANYUZHONG,FANSHENDAICIBUJINKEYISHOUDAOXIAOJUMINGCIDUANYUDEYUESHU,TONGSHIKEYISHOUJUSHOU“XIANXINGYU”DEYUESHU。DANGFANSHENDAICI“ZIJI”HEJUSHOUMINGCIDUANYUGONGZHISHI,YUANJULIYUESHUDEXIANXIANGJIUCHANSHENGLE。

                          4.2.2 、主语倾向性

                          XULIEJIONG(1999)RENWEITONGLINGFANSHENDAICIDEZHINENGCHONGDANGMOUYIJIXIANXINGYU。BIRU:

                          8)[ZHANGSAN]iSONGJI[LISI]jYIBEN[ZIJI]iDESHU。

                        牛牛游戏厅安卓,{原始关键词}   HANYUZHONG,“ZIJI”ZHIDESHIZHANGSAN。YEJIUSHISHUO,“ZIJI”YIGAIJUHUADEZHUYUZUOWEIXIANXINGYU。ZHEIJIUSHIZHUYUQINGXIANGXING。YOURU:

                          9)a.[Tom]i gave[Mary]j a book of[himself]i.

                        牛牛游戏厅安卓,{原始关键词}   b.[Tom]i gave[Mary]j a book of[herself]j.

                          9)ZHONG,aFUHEYUFAGUIFAN,KEYIYONGYUESHULILUNLAIJIESHI。bZHONG,herselfYUXIANXINGYUTomBUTONGBIAO,GUBUZHENGQUE。DANJINGUANbBUFUHEYUFAGUIFAN,RENMENJIBENHAINENGJIESHOU。YEJIUSHISHUO,YINGYUZHONG,KEYIBAJIANJIEBINYUZUOWEIFANSHENDAICIDEXIANXINGYU。ZHEIYIDIANSHIHANYUSUOBUYUNXUDE。

                          4.2.3、 阻塞效应

                          ZUSAIXIAOYINGZHIDANGFANSHENDAICIFUJINYOUDIYIHEDIERRENCHENGDAICISHI,FANSHENDAICIHUIYIFUJINDEDIYIHEDIERRENCHENGWEIXIANXINGYU,ERFANGQIYUANCHUDEMINGCIZUOWEIXIANXINGYU。BIRU:

                          10)[ZHANGSAN]iZHIDAO[WOMEN]jHEN[ZIJI]j。

                        牛牛游戏厅安卓,{原始关键词}   CICHU,“ZHANGSAN”HE“ZIJI”BEI“WOMEN”ZUSAI。“ZIJI”ZHIDESHI“WOMEN”,JIWOMENHENWOMENZIJI。ZHEIJIUSHIZUSAIXIAOYING。YOURU:

                        牛牛游戏厅安卓,{原始关键词}   11)[WO]iZHIDAO[ZHANGSAN]jHEN[ZIJI]i/j。

                        牛牛游戏厅安卓,{原始关键词}   11)ZHONG,“ZHANGSAN”ZAI“WO”HE“ZIJI”ZHIJIAN,ZHEIZHONGQINGKUANGXIA,“ZIJI”KEYIZHI“WO”HUOZHEZHANGSAN。JI:ZHANGSANHENWO,HUOZHE,ZHANGSANHENZHANGSANZIJI。ZHEIYANG,DANGFANSHENDAICI“ZIJI”JINCHUBUWEIDIYIHUODIERRENCHENGSHI,JIUHUICHANSHENGQIYI。

                          5 、总结

                          YINGHANLIANGZHONGYUYANZAISHIYONGFANSHENDAICIFANGMIANYOUSUOYITONG。YUESHULILUNDUIYINGYUJUYOUGENGJIAQIANGDADEJIESHILI,DANJIANGQIYINGYONGYUHANYUSHIHUICHANSHENGHENDUOLIWAIQINGKUANG。TONGSHI,YUANJULIYUESHU、ZHUYUQINGXIANGXING、ZUSAIXIAOYINGDENGTEZHENGKENENGZHISHIYONGYUHANYU,ERBUNENGJIESHIQITAYUYANZHONGFANSHENDAICIDESUOZHI。LINGWAI,YANJIUFANSHENDAICIQISUOZHIWENTIBUYINGJUXIANYUJUFAXUE。QIGENGDUODISHEJIDAOYUYONGXUELINGYU,JIANGJUFAXUEHEYUYONGXUEJIEHEQILAIYANJIUFANSHENDAICI,JIANGHUIDEDAOGENGHAODEJIEGUO。

                          参考文献

                          [1] 徐烈炯.生成语法理论[M].上海:上海外语出版社,2000.
                        牛牛游戏厅安卓,{原始关键词}   [2] 温宾利.当代句法学导论[M].北京:外语教学与研究出版社,2002.

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