牛牛游戏厅安卓,{原始关键词}

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                    当前位置: 代写一篇论文多少钱 > 英语论文 > 汉语数字缩略语的特点与英译方法

                    汉语数字缩略语的特点与英译方法

                    时间:2020-05-07 11:38作者:李岭岭 付抗抗 胡玉
                    本文导读:这是一篇关于汉语数字缩略语的特点与英译方法的文章,翻译事实上就是从原语言文化到目标语文化的一个连接体,它是译者在感受另一文化并根据目标语读者的文化语境去实现目标译文的这个特定功能的翻译行为。

                      摘    要:牛牛游戏厅安卓,{原始关键词} 外宣翻译目的是充分准确地对外宣传我国的国情和政策。政府工作报告中含有多样化数字,可分为“具体数字”和“抽象数字”。其中的”“抽象数字”——含数字的汉语缩略词,高度概括和简洁,给译者的理解和英译增加了许多难度。在中英数字的对比分析,以及具有中国特色的汉语缩略词特征分析基础之上,总结出翻译有增译、减译和转译等方法;对各级地方治理方针政策缩略词的翻译提供有价值的借鉴意义。

                      关键词: 外宣翻译; 抽象数字; 汉语数字缩略词;

                    牛牛游戏厅安卓,{原始关键词}   FANYISHISHISHANGJIUSHICONGYUANYUYANWENHUADAOMUBIAOYUWENHUADEYIGELIANJIETI,TASHIYIZHEZAIGANSHOULINGYIWENHUABINGGENJUMUBIAOYUDUZHEDEWENHUAYUJINGQUSHIXIANMUBIAOYIWENDEZHEIGETEDINGGONGNENGDEFANYIXINGWEI[4]。GONGNENGMUDELUNDEFANYILILUNJIANLIZAIXINGWEILILUNZHISHANG,QIDAIBIAORENWULAISI、NUODEHEFEIMIERDENGZHUBUJIANGGONGNENGZHUYIMUDELUNFAZHANWANSHAN。FUMIERRENWEI,YIZHEZAIFANYISHISUOYINGYONGDEFANYICELVEJIFANYIFANGSHIYOUYIWENDEYUQIMUDESUOJUEDING[6]。ERQIE,GENJUGONGNENGZHUYIFANYIMUDELUN,MUDEYUANZESHISUOYOUDEFANYIHUODONGBIXUZUNXUNDESHOUYAOYUANZE,QICISHILIANGUANXINGYUANZEHEZHONGSHIXINGYUANZE[1]。

                      《政府工作报告》(以下简称“《报告》”)是中国政府对过去一年的工作总结和对下一年主要目标任务、重大举措、工作重点等的部署,是外国媒体和民众了解中国的政策和国情的重要途径,也是我国对外宣传的一种重要方式。《报告》中有许多数字,既有阿拉伯数字,也有富有中国特色的汉语数字缩略语,这些数字反映了中国经济的重大进展、党和政府的政治方针和施政纲领。由此,对这些数字缩略语的翻译显得尤为重要。因此,让外媒充分准确地了解我国政策和国情,是《报告》英译的预期目的。
                     

                    汉语数字缩略语的特点与英译方法
                     

                      1 、中英文数字对比和汉语数字分类

                      1.1 、中英文数字由于文化、语言、宗教信仰以及心理因素等差异的影响,在表达及运用方面有共同点,同时也存在许多差异。

                      ZHEIJIUXUYAOWOMENZAIFANYIQIANDUIZHONGYINGWENSHUZIJINXINGDUIBIFENXI,SHENRULEJIELIANGZHEDECHAYIJITEDIAN。ZHONGYINGWENSHUZIBIAODAFUHAOHEDANWEIDUIBIRUXIA:

                      1.2、 政府工作报告中出现的数字可以分为“具体数字”和“抽象数字”

                      1.2.1、“JUTISHUZI”ZHIJUTI、ZHENSHIQIEZHUNQUEDESHUZI,CHANGCHUXIANZAIZHENGZHI、JINGJIHUOKEJIWENBENZHONG,ZENGQIANGWENBENDESHUOFULI,TIXIANZHUNQUEXING[5]。RU:

                      LI1:XINZENGJIUYE1361WANREN→A further 13.61 million new urban jobs were added.

                    牛牛游戏厅安卓,{原始关键词}   LI2:GUONEISHENGCHANZONGZHIZENGZHANG6.6%→Gross domestic product(GDP) grew by 6.6 percent.

                      LI3:XIANHOU4CIJIANGDICUNKUANZHUNBEIJINLV→we reduced required reserve ratios four times.

                      HANYUSHUZIZHONGDE“JUTISHUZI”SHIYONGPINFAN,FANYIFANGSHIDADUOWEIDAJIASUOSHUXI。RUTUYISUOSHI,WOMENKEYIFAXIAN,YINGYUZHONGBUCUNZAIHANYUDE“WANWEI”HE“YIWEI”,JIANGCHAOGUOSIWEISHUDEHANYUSHUZIYINGYIYINGYOUQIZHUYIZHEILIANGGESHUWEI。BAIFENBI、FENSHU、SHIJIANHERIQIDENGNEIHANDESHUZIFANYIYINYOUYUEDINGSUCHENGDEGUIFANFANYI,CICHUBUZAIZHUISHU。

                    牛牛游戏厅安卓,{原始关键词}   1.2.2、“CHOUXIANGSHUZI”ZHICHU“JUTISHUZI”ZHIWAIDE、CHANGYUHANZIJIEHE、YISIGAODUNONGSUODEHANYUHANSHUZICIYUHUODUANJU,ZAI《BAOGAO》ZHONGCHANGCHUXIANZAIYINHAOZHONG。RU:CANJIREN“LIANGXIANGBUTIE”、“LIANGBUCHOUSANBAOZHANG”、“LIANGGEYIBAINIAN”、“SANQUSANZHOU”DENG,XUEJIEDADUOJIANGQICHENGZHIWEI“SHUZISUOLVECI”HUO“SHUZILVEYU”。BENWENZHEZHONGTAOLUNZHEIYILEIXINGCIYUDEFANYITEDIANHEFANGFA。

                      2 、汉语数字缩略语的特点

                      HANYUSHUZILVEYUZAIGUDAIHANYUZHONGZAOYIYOUZHI。ZAIXIANDAIHANYUZHONG,QISHIYONGPINLVYEBUDUANZENGDUO。TASHIYUANLAIGUOZHANGDEYUYANXINGSHIJIANDANHUA,SHUOQILAIJIANJIE、FANGBIAN,SHIRENMENDEJIAOJISHENGSHISHENGLI[3]。RU:“SHUANGYING”、“SANNONG”DENG。YOUYUSHUZISHILVEYUDADUOCHUXIANYUSHIZHENGWENZHANGZHONG,QIBIAODAXINGYAOSUTEZHENGYAOQIUYIWENTIEJINYUANYUDEYUYI、JUFAJIEGOU,YITUCHUCILEIWENBENDE“BIAODA”GONGNENG[2]。GENJUJINSANNIANDEZHENGFUGONGZUOBAOGAOHESHUZISUOLVEYUBUTONGDEGOUCHENGFANGSHI,JIANGQITEDIANGUINARUXIA:

                      2.1、 数字+名词

                      RU:“YIDAIYILU”:“SICHOUZHILUJINGJIDAI”HE“21SHIJIHAISHANGSICHOUZHILU”,CONGNEIHANDAOSUOLVECIJUNWEIMINGCI;

                      “SIFENG”:XINGSHIZHUYI、GUANLIAOZHUYI、XIANGLEZHUYIHESHEMIZHIFENG,YEKELIJIEWEISIZHONGBULIANGFENGQI;

                    牛牛游戏厅安卓,{原始关键词}   “SIGEYISHI”:ZENGQIANGZHENGZHIYISHI、DAJUYISI、HEXINYISHIHEKANQIYISHIDENG,“YISHI”ZAICICHUWEIMINGCI。

                      2.2 、数字+动词

                      RU:“LIANGXUEYIZUO”、“SANQUYIJIANGYIBU”DENG,QIZHONGDEFEISHUZIHANZIWEI“DONGCI”,《BAOGAO》ZHONGYIZHEIZHONGZUHEJUDUO,TIXIANZHENGFUDUISHEHUIZHENGZHI、JINGJIHERENMINSHENGHUOFANGFANGMIANMIANDEZUOWEI。

                      2.3 、数字+形容词或副词

                      2.3.1、“SANGONG”JINGFEI:ZHENGFUBUMENRENYUANZAIYINGONGCHUGUO(JING)、GONGWUCHEGOUZHIJIYUNXINGHEGONGWUZHAODAIGUOCHENGZHONGZHICHUDECAIZHENGJINGFEI,“GONG”ZAICICHULIJIEWEIWEIXINGRONGCICIXING;

                    牛牛游戏厅安卓,{原始关键词}   2.3.2、“SIGEQUANMIAN”:QUANMIANJIANCHENGXIAOKANGSHEHUI、QUANMIANSHENHUAGAIGE、QUANMIANYIFAZHIGUOHEQUANMIANCONGYANZHIDANG,BAGAODUSUOLVEDECIYUZHANKAILIJIE,KEYIKANCHU“QUANMIAN”XINGSHISHANGSHIMINGCI,SHIJISHIQIDAOFUCIDEZUOYONG,TIXIANDANGHEZHENGFUJIANQIANGLINGDAODEJUEXIN。

                      2.4、 多词类混合

                      RU:“WUWEIYITI”(SHUZIHUNHELEMINGCIHEXINGRONGCI)、“SANQUANFENZHI”(SHUZIHUNHEMINGCIHEDONGCI)、“SHUANGSUIJI、YIGONGKAI”(SHUCI、FUCIHEDONGCI)DENG。

                      3、 汉语数字缩略语的英译方法

                      ZHONGYANGBIANYIJUJIAYUMINZHICHU,ZHENGLUNWENDEFANYIYICHUXIAN“ZHONGSHIYINGYU”DEQINGXIANG,JIUQIYUANYINYOUSAN:YISHIDAIYOUZHONGGUOTESEDEXINCIYU、XINTIFANANYICONGYINGWENCIDIANZHONGZHAODAOXIANCHENGDEDUIYINGCI;ERSHIDUIZHONGSHIYUYUANWENDEYAOQIUGENGYAN,JIYIZAOCHENGTAOYONGZHONGWENJIEGOUYIBUYIQU,DAOZHIYIWENJIXIE、YONGZHONGSHENZHIDAIBAN;SANSHIXINGWENZHONGBINGLIEWEIYUHUOBINGLIEDUANJUJIAODUO,JUXINGDANYI,YONGCICHOUXIANGQIEZHONGFU[1]。BIZHEZAIYANJIUJINSANNIAN《BAOGAO》YINGYIHOUZONGJIEYIFARUXIA:

                      3.1、 保留数字增译

                    牛牛游戏厅安卓,{原始关键词}   SHUZISUOLVEYUDEGAODUGAIKUOJUEDINGLEFANYISHIXUYAOSHIDANGZENGCI,JIANGSUOHANYIYIMINGQUEDIDUIWAIXUANCHUAN,JI:BAOLIUSHUZI,DUIHANZIBUFENJINXINGJIESHIXINGFANYI。DANSHICAIYONGJIANHUAFANYIHAISHIJIESHIXINGFANYIXUYAOSHIQINGKUANGERDING。RU:

                      LI4:“SANDAGONGJIANZHAN”SHIXIJINPINGZHUXIZAI2017NIAN10YUE18RIDANGDESHIJIUDABAOGAOZHONGTICHU,ZHONGYINGWENBANZAI2018NIAN3YUE1RIZHENGSHICHUBANFAXING。YINCI2018NIAN3YUEFENDE《BAOGAO》ZHONGJIANGQIFANYIWEI“the three critical battles against potential risk,poverty,and pollution”;SUIZHESHIJIANDETUIYI,ZHEIYISUOLVECI2019NIANZEJIANDANFANYIWEI“the three critical battles”。

                      LI5:“SANYANSANSHI”,JIANYIWEI“”Three Stricts and Three Earnests”。HENXIANRAN,DAXIEZIMUDE“YAN”HE“SHI”SHIYOUTESHUYIYIDE,ERWAIGUOYOURENGENJUYINGWENZIMIANYISIWUFADEZHIQINEIHAN,YINCIYINGWENBANZAIYEJIAOJIAZHU,QINGXIDIFANYIWEI:Three Stricts and Three Earnests refers to the need to be strict with oneself in practicing self-cultivation,using power,and exercising self-discipline;and to

                    牛牛游戏厅安卓,{原始关键词}   LI6:“WUWEIYITI”DEFANYITONG“SANYANSANSHI”DEFANYIFANGFASHITONGYANGDEDAOLI:The“Five-sphere Integrated Plan”is a plan to promote coordinated economic,political,cultural,social,and ecological advancement.QIZHONGDE“YITI”ZHIWUGEFANGMIANRONGWEIYITI;“YI”BINGFEISHUCI,BA“YITI”LIJIEWEIXINGRONGCI“ZHENGTIDE、YITIDE”YISI。

                      3.2 、去掉数字减译

                    牛牛游戏厅安卓,{原始关键词}   GENJUSUOYAOBIAODADENEIHANYIYIHEYINGHANCIXINGBIAODADECHAYI,SHUZISUOLVEYUDEFANYIKEYIJIANGSHUZIQUANBUHUOZHEBUFENQUDIAO、SHENZHIKEYIJIANGQIZHUANHUANWEIQITADESHUZIXINGSHI,YIQIUBIAOQINGDAYI。RU:

                      LI7:“LIANGBUCHOUSANBAOZHANG”YIWEI:The basic living needs of rural poor populations are met and that such people have access to compulsory education,basic medical services,and housing.CISUOLVEYUFANYIWEIBUHANSHUZIDEJUZI。QIZHONG“the basic needs”WEILAOBAIXINGSUOSHUODECHIBUCHOU、CHUANBUCHOU,CISUOWEI“LIANGBUCHOU”。

                    牛牛游戏厅安卓,{原始关键词}   LI8:“SANQUYIJIANGYIBU”:JIANYIWEI“the five priority tasks”。CISUOLVECIZAOZAI2015NIANJIUBEITICHU,WAIGUOMEITIYIJINGBIJIAOSHUZHI,JINJINIANWANGWANGCAIYONGJIANDANYIFA。“QU”、“JIANG”、“BU”ZAIYINGWENZHONGBUYIZHAODAOYUZHIDUIYINGDEMINGCIXINGSHIYONGLAIJIANYIDEBIAODASHUZISUOLVECIDEYIYI,YINCIJIANGSANGEDONGCIHEBINGWEIWUXIANGRENWU。ZAIGENJUQIJUTIYIYIZENGJIA“priority”YIWEI“five priority tasks”。

                    牛牛游戏厅安卓,{原始关键词}   LI9:“SIDABANKUAI”FAZHAN:the development of the eastern,central,western,and northeastern regions。ZHIJIEJIANGSHUZIQUDIAO,JIANGSIBUFENNEIRONGJUTIMIAOSHU,JIBUSHIJIANLIAN,YOUNENGQUANSHIZHUNQUE。LEISIDEGAODUGAIKUODECIYUQIEBUKEWANGWENSHENGYI,XUYAODIAOCHAYANJIUCAINENGZUODAOZHUNQUEFANYI。

                    牛牛游戏厅安卓,{原始关键词}   LI10:“SANNONG”:agriculture,rural areas,and farmers(2017NIAN《BAOGAO》YINGYI);agriculture,rural areas,and rural residents(2018NIAN《BAOGAO》YINGYI)。YIWENBUJINJIANGSHUZIQUDIAO,ERQIESUIZHESHEHUIZHUANGKUANGDEGAIBIANJINXINGLESHIDANGDEDIAOZHENG。YOUCIKEYIKANCHU,HANYUSHUZILVEYUDEFANYIBUSHIYICHENGBUBIANDE,SHIFANYINGGUOQINGDE“QINGYUBIAO”。

                      3.3、 灵活转译

                    牛牛游戏厅安卓,{原始关键词}   YOUYUFANYIYIDINGCHENGDUSHANGSHIYIZHONGCHUANGZAOXINGDEHUODONG,FANYISHIBUNENGYINXUNSHOUJIU。YUDAOFUZADEBIAODAFANGSHI,KEYIZONGHEKAOLV,LINGHUOZHUANYI。

                      LI11:“SHUANGCHUANG”ZAI《BAOGAO》ZHONGCHUXIANSANZHONGYIFA:2017NIANentrepreneurship and innovationHUOthe entire business startup and innovation;2018NIAN:business startups and innovation;2019NIAN:innovation and business startups;YOUCIKEJIAN,WULUNHEZHONGYIFA,QIZHONGBIAOSHISHUZIYIYIDE“SHUANG”ZIDOUBEIJIANYI,BINGQIEQIZHONGBIAOSHI“CHUANGYE”YISIDE“CHUANG”ZIDEFANYIYEYOULINGHUOCHULIDEHENJI。

                    牛牛游戏厅安卓,{原始关键词}   LI12:“SHUANGSUIJI、YIGONGKAI”

                      2017NIAN《BAOGAO》YINGYI:an oversight model of random inspection and public release across the board,JIANGQIYIWEIYIZHONGJIANGUANMOSHI,WEIMINGCIXINGJIEGOU;

                    牛牛游戏厅安卓,{原始关键词}   2018NIAN《BAOGAO》YINGYI:a new model of oversight combining randomly selected inspectors who inspect randomly selected entities and the prompt release of results./an oversight model using randomly selected inspectors to inspect randomly selected entities,YIWENJIANGrandom inspection(SUIJIJIANGUAN)JINYIBUMINGXIWEIrandomly selected inspectors who inspect randomly selected entities(SUIJIXUANQUJIANGUANRENHESUIJIJIANCHA);

                    牛牛游戏厅安卓,{原始关键词}   2019NIAN《BAOGAO》YINGYI:the random selection of both inspectors and inspection targets and the prompt release of results,CIYIWENZAINEIRONGZHUNQUEDEJICHUSHANGJINYIBUTILIANWEIMINGCIXINGDUANYU;YOUCIWOMENKEYIKANCHUHANYUSUOLVEYUDEGAODUGAIKUOXING,YIJISUIZHIERLAIDEFANYINANDU。MEIYIGEYUEDINGCHENGSUDEHANYUSUOLVECIBUYIDINGDUIYINGGUDINGDEYINGYICIYUHUODUANJU,SUIZHEXIANSHIZHUANGKUANGDEZHUANBIANNEIHANYEHUICHANSHENGXIANGYINGDEBIANHUA。ZHENDUIZHEIYANGDEQINGKUANG,JIEJUEBANFASHIBAITUOHANYUYUYANXINGSHIDESHUFULINGHUOZHUANYI,YESHIFANYICONGYEZHEJIAOGAODEFANYIJINGJIE。

                      4、 总结

                      TOUGUO“GUOZIHAO”《BAOGAO》DEFANYI,WOMENKEYIXUEXIDAOSHUZIFANYIDEBAOLIUSHUZIZENGYI、QUDIAOSHUZIJIANYIHELINGHUOZHUANYIDENGFANGFA。WEIJINHOUGAOXIAOHEDIFANGGUANLIFANGZHENZHENGCEZHONGJUYOUZHONGGUOTESEDEHANYUSHUZISUOLVEYUYINGYITIGONGYIGEXIANGDAO。“LUMANMANQIXIUYUANXI”,WANGGENGDUODERENCANYUDAOSHUZISUOLVEYUDEYANJIUZHONGLAI,GENGHAODEDUIWAIXUANCHUANWOGUODEGUOQINGHEZHENGCE,WEISHULIDAGUOXINGXIANGHE“YIDAIYILU”DEJIANSHEGONGXIANLILIANG!

                      参考文献

                      [1]卞建华,传承与超越:功能主义翻译目的论研究[M].北京:中国社会科学出版社,2008:79-92.
                      [2] 贾毓玲,从《政府工作报告》的翻译谈如何克服“中式英语”的倾向[J].上海科技翻译,2003(04):26-28.
                      [3]张文果.从政府工作报告的翻译谈汉语数字略语的英译[J]边疆经济与文化.2009.6:63-64.
                      [4]郑燕红.翻译目的论视角下中国特色词汇英译探究[J].洛阳师范学院学报.2018.10:70-72.
                      [5]周亚莉,杨晓敏.浅谈数字英译办法——以《第十二届全国人民代表大会第三次政府工作报告为例》[J]宁波广播电视大学学报.2016.:52-54.
                      [6] NORD C. Translating as a Purposeful Activity—Functionalist Approaches Explained[M]. Shanghai:Shanghai Foreign Language Eucation Press, 2002:123-128.

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