牛牛游戏厅安卓,{原始关键词}

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                            1. 当前位置: 代写一篇论文多少钱 > 艺术论文 > “木雀舞”产生的源由、特点及成因

                              “木雀舞”产生的源由、特点及成因

                              时间:2020-01-22 10:16作者:杨维佳
                              本文导读:这是一篇关于“木雀舞”产生的源由、特点及成因的文章,哈尼族舞蹈种类繁多,风格各异。在哈尼族的生产生活中,丧葬礼仪具有最原始性、最稳定性的族群特征,对家族、姻亲有重要的稳固功能,礼教功能,体现着哈尼族独特的传统民族文化。

                                摘    要: 探讨哈尼族舞蹈,对于充实本土舞蹈教材,助推舞蹈教学和研究哈尼族跨境民族舞蹈有着重要作用。“木雀舞”是哈尼族丧葬舞蹈中具有代表性的一种舞蹈,本文从神话传说、舞蹈特点、艺术成因三个方面,对哈尼族丧葬舞蹈进行探讨。

                                关键词: 哈尼族; 木雀舞; 艺术成因;

                                Abstract: The discussion on Hani dance plays an important role in enriching local dance teaching materials and boosting dance teaching, as well as the research on Hani cross-border ethnic dance. "Wooden finch dance" is a representative dance in the funeral dance of the Hani nationality. This paper discusses the funeral dance of the Hani nationality from three aspects: myth and legend, dance characteristics and artistic causes.

                                Keyword: the Hani nationality; wooden finch dance; artistic causes;

                                ZAIZHONGDUOMINZU、MINSUWUDAOZHONG,HANIZUWUDAORUTONGYIKECUICANDEMINGZHU,ZAIZUGUODEBIANCHUIYAOSAIDUFANGYICAI。HANIZUWUDAOZHONGLEIFANDUO,FENGGEGEYI。ZAIHANIZUDESHENGCHANSHENGHUOZHONG,SANGZANGLIYIJUYOUZUIYUANSHIXING、ZUIWENDINGXINGDEZUQUNTEZHENG,DUIJIAZU、YINQINYOUZHONGYAODEWENGUGONGNENG,LIJIAOGONGNENG,TIXIANZHEHANIZUDUTEDECHUANTONGMINZUWENHUA。BIZHEJIEHEWUDAOJIAOXUESHIJI,XUANQISANGZANGWUDAOZHONGTEDIANXIANMINGDE“MUQUEWU”WEILI,QIANYIQIWUDAODEYISHUCHENGYIN。

                                1、“木雀舞”产生的源由

                                据《红河州民族民间传统文化保护名录》记载:“木雀舞”系云南省红河州元阳县胜村乡麻栗寨村的哈尼族创作,流传于麻栗寨、全福庄等少数几个村寨,至今已有600年左右的历史。胜村乡也被称之为“木雀舞”之乡。相传,过去一户卢姓哈尼人的小孩,全身生了癞疮,一直医不好,父母不忍看他离去,便把他放在山洞里,后来飞来一只小雀天天舔他身上的疮,慢慢治好了他。病愈后,他回到家中,父母都已经去世,他去祭拜父母,族中人却不认他,他只好到村外杀牛祭奠,并用木头制成小雀,手持小雀边跳边告诉父母:“我是你们的儿子,是小雀救活了我”。此后,只有在送葬、祭祀亡灵、为亡灵开路、送其灵魂回祖宗所在的地方时,才跳木雀舞。在哈尼族口传史(卢朝贵讲述,杨文钧整理的文献资料)《木雀舞的来历》中,另记有,传说远古时候爱落山一带的哈尼人李姓部落和百姓部落间发生了争斗,白姓部落幸存的男孩小克甲在一条母狗的帮助下得救。在母狗的抚育下小克甲渐渐长大,一天这条母狗冲到了李姓寨子,拖住一个妇女的裤脚。原来这女人是白姓部落的姑娘,狗把女人领到了它的狗窝前,她看到在狗窝里睡得正甜的小克甲,忍不住失声哭了,对蹲在一旁的白狗说:“狗啊!白家忘不了你!”此后,女人时常去看克甲,头人一怒之下把这女人活活吊死。翘尾巴雀看到这一切,急忙飞去告诉克甲她的阿娘被打死,让克甲快跑,克甲说:“小雀阿,我不能躲,阿娘为我死,阿娘的尸骨等着我收,阿娘的坟山等我踩。”他砍来一棵水冬瓜树,照着小雀做了只会翘尾摇头的木雀,并让小雀教他跳舞。几天后在吊死阿娘的树下堆起了一座坟,坟山前一个英俊的哈尼人手里举着一只会动的木雀跳舞,肩头上歇着一只翘尾巴雀,边跳边悲伤地唱着:九十九股龙潭水哗啦啦响,是同一座山肚子里淌出来的;老林里的九十九棵树一起长,地底下的根也是盘在一起的;天底下九十九姓的哈尼人呵,我们是亲亲的姐妹和兄弟!前来追杀他的人看到这个场面,开始悔恨,也感动得跟着小雀一起跳。1
                               

                              “木雀舞”产生的源由、特点及成因
                               

                                YOUYUHANIZUXINFENGWANWUYOULING,RENWEIRENHEWANWUDOUYOUSHENLINGHUOLINGHUNZHUZAI。DUISHIZHELAISHUO,SI,YIYIWEIZHESHENG,XIANGXINRENSHILINGCUN,BINGBARENSHENGLIYIZHONGDESANGZANG,KANZUORENSHENGZHONGDETOUDENGDASHI,SHENZHICHENGWEIZHEIGEMINZUXITIYONGSHENGHEFANRONGDEQIJI。ZHEIYANGDEMINZUXINYANG,SANGZANGXISUZHISHI“MUQUEWU”DECHANSHENGBINGSHIQIDEYICHUANCHENGZHIJIN,CHENGWEITESEXIANMINGDEHANIZUJISIXINGWUDAO。

                                2、“木雀舞”的基本特点

                                “MUQUEWU”ZAIHANIYUZHONGCHENG“AZHIANGLA”HUO“AYICUO”,YUANWEINANZIDUWU,HOUFAZHANCHENGYIZHONGJISIXINGNANXINGJITIWUDAO。HANIZUDUOCONGSHINONGYE,JUZHUZAISHANGAOPODOU、QINGDUOGOUSHENDEBANSHANQU,SHENGHUOHUANJINGJIANKU。XIANMINMENDAOGENGHUOZHONG,RENBEIMATUODEJIANLOUSHENGCHANFANGSHI,JIEHEBENMINZUDEDAOZUOWENHUA,YIJIZUXIANCHONGBAI、DUOSHENCHONGBAIDENGMINZUXINYANG,YUNYUCHUSHIJIEWENMINGDEHANITITIANHEFENGFUDUOCAIDEMINZULEWU;YUNYUCHUHANIZUHOUZHONGDEMINZUQINGGANHECHENWENDEWUDAODONGLV。YOUYULAOZUO,HANIZUWUDAOCHENGXIANCHUQUXI、NIUKUA、GUANXI、TAYAO、JUETUNDEJIBENXINGTAI。ZAIYOULAODONGZHONG,HANIZURENSHENFUCHENZHONGDEBEILUO,BEIDAIYOUTAOZAIQIANESHANG,ZAOCHENGTOUJINGZHUANDONGBULINGDEXIANXIANG。YUHANIZUQITAWUDAOXIANGBI,MUQUEWUBAOCHILEHANIZUWUDAODECHEN、WEN,ZHONGPAIXIANGXIADEDONGLVTEZHENGHENING、NIU、BAIKUADEWUDAOXINGTAI,DONGZUOQUBIEYUQITAZHONGLEIDEHANIZUWUDAO,DUOLETIAO、TENG、PU、DIEDENGXIAZHIDEJIQIAOXINGDONGZUO,ZHEIXIEDONGZUOJUYOUMINGXIANDEDONGWUXINGTAIHEDONGWUDONGZUOTEZHENG,JIANGNIAOZAIFEIXING、KANGZHENG、MISHIDENGXINGTAIDONGZUOYIYICHENGXIAN,WUZHELINGHUOSHIYONGMUQUE,WUDAOZHONGYUNYONGSHANZI,MUQUEWUJUBEILESHANGWENXIALING、JISHUYAOQIUJIAOGAO、WUZHENENGLIQIANGQIETIAOFAFUZADEJIBENTEDIAN。

                                3、“木雀舞”的艺术成因

                                “MUQUEWU”CHIQUEERWU,YISHANBANZHI,SHANSHENGFENG,FENGSHENGLI,YINYIRANGLINGQUEKUAIKUAIJIANGWUQUEZHIRENDEXINYUANCHUANDAJISUOZANGHUNLING。WUDAOZHONGSUOCHIMUQUEYOUGONGQUE、MUQUEZHIFEN。“ZHENGGEWUDAODONGZUODAZHIYOU12TAO,MEITAODONGZUODOUYOUGUDINGDENEIRONG。RU:BIAOXIANSHENGSIQIANDETOUSHI、WEIFENGLINLINDEGUANMAODONGZUOWEIYITAO;BIAOXIANSIZHESHENGQIANWEITONGSHUAI、SHENCAIFEIYANGDEYOUWEIYITAO;BIAOXIANSIZHESHENGQIANHEHEGONGJIDEYOUWEIYITAODENGDENG。MEIYITAODOUYOUYIXIEJIBENDONGZUOBINGJIAYIXIEJIXINGBIAOYAN。”2WUSHI,ZAIGU、MANGBANZOUXIA,WUZHEFUZHUANGSUHEI。LINGWUZUOSHOUCHIQUE,ANJIEZOUNIEDONGKAIGUAN,SHIMUQUESHANDONGCHIBANG、QIAOSHOUBAIWEI、WEIMIAOWEIXIAO;BANWUZUOSHOUCHIXIANGBAN,YOUSHOUCHIHEISEKAISHANHUOMAOJIN,SUILINGWUZHENISHIZHENFANGXIANGWEIQUANERWU,ZAI“YI-YO”DEJITIHUHANSHENGZHONGGONGSHENSUIBUYIJINYITUI,“YO”YINCHUSHI,BUDANYINLIANGZHOUZENG,HAIBANYOUJUSHOUTIAOYUEDEDONGZUO。MUQUEWUDUIXINGDANYI,LINGWUYIZHIERREN,BANWURENSHUBUXIAN,CHANGWEISI、LIU、BA、SHIDENG,JUNWEISHUANGSHU。

                                TANQI“MUQUEWU”DEWUDAOYISHUCHENGYIN,TADEFASHENG、FAZHAN,BUSHIJIANDANDEYUANSHENGMOFANG、JISIYISHIHUOMINSUWUDAO,YEBUSHIYIZHONGJIANDANDEWUDAODONGZUODUIJIAHUOXINGSHISHANGDECHUANXI,ERSHIYIZHONGZHENGTISHENGMINGZHUANGTAIDECHENGXIAN。

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                                HANIZUDEWUDAOSHIHANIZURENMINSHENGHUOFANGSHI、MINZUXINYANGHEMINZUQINGGANDEZHENSHITIXIAN。ZAIHANIZUYUANSHENGWUDAOZHONG,WUDAODETEDINGSHIJIAN、KONGJIANYUNEIHANTIXIANLEMINSUYURENSHENGYILI。HANIRENRENWEICONGFUMUWEIYINGERSHAJIQUMINGZHIRIQI,RENJIUYONGYOUZIJIDELINGHUN,ZAINANRENSHIERGEHUNHENVRENJIUGEHUNLI,XIAOHUNLIKAISHENGXIAOBING,DAHUNLIKAISHENGDABING,ZHUHUNLIKAIRENJIUSIWANG。HOURENTONGGUOSANGZANGJISI,WEISHIZHELINGHUNQIFU、ZHILU,SONGNIANJIAPU,RANGLINGHUNNENGSHUNLIDAODAZUXIANJUZHUDE“ZUXIANCUN”。HANIZUZUXIAN“WANWUYOULING”DELIANXIANG,SHIHANIRENDUIZIRANSHENGCUNCHANSHENGLEJINGWEIHECHONGBAI,BINGZAIFENFANFUZADESHENLINGXITONGZHONGZHUBUQUELILEYIHUN、GUI、SHENWEIHEXINDECHONGBAIXITONG,XINGCHENGYUANSHIZONGJIAOXINYANG。ZHEIXIEYUANSHIZONGJIAOXINYANGCHANSHENGDELIYIGUIFAN,YOUZAIHANIZUWUDAOZHONGDEYIZHANXIANBINGSHIDAICHUANXI。HANIZU“MUQUEWU”WEISANGZANGERWU,TONGGUOWUDAOCHUANDADUISHIZHEDESINIAN、ZUNJING,GAOWEIXIANLING。BULUNCONGWUDAOXINGSHI、WUDAOXINGTAI,HAISHICONGWUDAOYUYIZHONG,DOUXIANGHOURENCHUANDAZHENIAOYULINGDEMINZUQINGGANHEMINZUXINYANG。GUSHIBIANYOUNIAOTONGLINGYISHUO,《SHIJING·SHANGSONG·XUANNIAO》JIZAI“TIANMINGXUANNIAO,JIANGERSHENGSHANG”;《SHANHAIJINGDAHUANGDONGJING》YOUYUN:“TANGGUSHANGYOUFUMU,YIYUEFANGZHI,YIYUEFANGCHU,JIEZAIYUWU(WUJITAIYANGSHENNIAO)”。HANIZUYUANSHIXIANMINXIANGXINNIAOYOUMOUZHONGCHAOZIRANDELILIANG,SHISHENDEXINTUOSHIZHE,YIHUOSHILING,SHANKE“QUYAOZHUXIE”,YOUYOUZHIHUIDEXIANGZHENG。HANIZUYUANSHIZONGJIAOXINYANGZAOJIULEMUQUEWUDECHANSHENG,ZAIMANZHANGDEFAZHANGUOCHENGZHONG,SHIQIXINGCHENGJUYOUYIDINGLIYIJIAOHUAGUIFAN,QIEYISHUFENGGEGUDINGDEJISIXINGWUDAO。YINCI,YUANSHIZONGJIAOXINYANGSHIHANIZU“MUQUEWU”YISHUCHENGYINZHIER。

                                4、 结语

                              牛牛游戏厅安卓,{原始关键词}   SANGZANGWUDAODEGUPOXING、YUANSHIXING,JISHIDUISIZHELINGHUNDEANFU,YESHIDUISIZHEDECHONGJING,TASONGYANGSIZHEYISHENGDEGONGJI,TONGSHIJIAOYUHOUDAIBUWANGZUBEIENDIAN,CHUANDAOZUXIANCHONGBAIDELIYIJIAOHUAZUOYONG。QIHOUZHONGDEMINZUWENHUAJIDIAN,YOUZHUYUWAJUE、ZHENGLIBENTUWUDAOJIAOXUE,ZENGQIANGMINZUWENHUAZIXIN。

                                参考文献

                                [1] 余敏.略论哈尼族舞蹈的基本特点及其艺术成因[J].金色年华(下),2013(2).
                                [2]王兰凤.哈尼族原始宗教信仰研究[J].学周刊,2013(22).

                                注释

                                1《哈尼族口传史》,卢朝贵讲述,杨文钧整理的文献资料.
                                2陈卫业.纪兰蔚.马薇.中国少数民族民间舞蹈简介[M].北京人民音乐出版社,2002.

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