牛牛游戏厅安卓,{原始关键词}

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                        • 当前位置: 代写一篇论文多少钱 > 艺术论文 > 扬州张氏剪纸的发展衍变过程探析

                          扬州张氏剪纸的发展衍变过程探析

                          时间:2020-04-15 14:39作者:张弛
                          本文导读:这是一篇关于扬州张氏剪纸的发展衍变过程探析的文章,中华民族是一个有着上下五千年文化传统的国家,民间艺术是中华民族优秀传统文化的重要组成部分。而扬州作为首批国家历史文化名城,其中的民间艺术更是琳琅满目,诸如漆器、剪纸、评话、玉器等,其中的扬州剪纸更是集秀美

                            摘    要:牛牛游戏厅安卓,{原始关键词} 扬州剪纸是一种优雅的民间艺术。千百年来,它立足于古城扬州,扎根于百姓生活,运用多元化的表现手法和多样化的艺术风格,来反映人民大众的心理特征与审美要求。本文选取扬州剪纸的张氏一派作为研究对象,通过对张永寿、张秀芳、张慕莉、张震梅四人剪纸技艺的探究,以此管窥扬州剪纸的发展脉络和衍变轨迹。

                            关键词: 牛牛游戏厅安卓,{原始关键词}扬州剪纸; 张氏剪纸; 发展轨迹; 艺术特征;

                            ZHONGHUAMINZUSHIYIGEYOUZHESHANGXIAWUQIANNIANWENHUACHUANTONGDEGUOJIA,MINJIANYISHUSHIZHONGHUAMINZUYOUXIUCHUANTONGWENHUADEZHONGYAOZUCHENGBUFEN。ERYANGZHOUZUOWEISHOUPIGUOJIALISHIWENHUAMINGCHENG,QIZHONGDEMINJIANYISHUGENGSHILINLANGMANMU,ZHURUQIQI、JIANZHI、PINGHUA、YUQIDENG,QIZHONGDEYANGZHOUJIANZHIGENGSHIJIXIUMEIHEPOSUYUYISHEN,DANYAYUXINIYUYITI。ZAOZAIWEIJINSHIQI,YANGZHOUJIANZHIJIUYINGYUNERSHENG,SUITANGQIJIANDEDAOPUJI。YUANMINGQINGSHIQI,SUIZHESHANGPINJINGJIDEFAZHAN,YIDAPIMINJIANJIANZHIYIRENYONGRUYANGZHOU,ZHEMINGDEJIANZHIYIRENZHANGWANGUOBIANSHIQIZHONGYIWEI。XINZHONGGUOCHENGLIHOU,ZHANGYONGSHOUDEJIANZHIYISHUJINGPINDIECHU、FEIYUEFAZHAN,TADEJIANZHIJIYIBUJINCHUANJIYOUZHEXUEYUANGUANXIDENVER、ZHINVDENGREN,ERQIEHAICHUANJINEIXIEHAOXUEDEQIUYIREN,XIONGCHONGZHI、LIMENGSHENGJIUSHINEIGESHIQIXIANGZHANGYONGSHOUXIANSHENGBAISHIXUEYIDE。ZAIZHANGYONGSHOUJIANZHIJIYIDEJICHUSHANG,XIONGCHONGZHIHELIMENGSHENGYOUJIANGYANGZHOUJIANZHIDEYIJICHENGHEFAZHAN,BINGCHUANGJIANLE“XIONGSHIJIANZHI”HE“LISHIJIANZHI”。XIANERYIJIAN,ZHANGYONGSHOUKANCHENGWEIYANGZHOUJIANZHIDE“LINGJUNRENWU”,ZHANGSHIJIANZHIYECHENGWEILEYANGZHOUJIANZHIDEJIECHUDAIBIAO。

                            一、张永寿:剪纸法则的创立者

                          牛牛游戏厅安卓,{原始关键词}   ZHANGYONGSHOU(1907NIAN1YUE—1989NIAN5YUE),YANGZHOUZHANGSHIJIANZHIDEDIWUDAICHUANREN,BEITUIXUWEIYANGZHOUJIANZHIYISHUDEYIDAIZONGSHI。DUIYUZHANGYONGSHOUDEJIANZHIFENGGEERYAN,DUONIANLAIYANJIUZHEBUFAQIREN,YOURENSHUOTASHI“XIANXIRUWEI,ROUMEITINGXIU”,YOURENSHUOTASHI“QINGXINXIULI,XIANXILIUCHANG”,DENGDENG。ZONGGUANTA70YUNIANDECHUANGZUOSHENGYA,SUIJINGLIGUOSHIDAIDEBIANQIAN,SUIYUEDEGENGDIE,DANQIJIANZHIZUOPINWUYIBUZUNXUNLE“YUANRUQIUYUEFANGRUZHUAN,QUERUJUCHIXIRUXU”DEJIANZHIFAZE。

                            SHOUXIAN,YUANRUQIUYUESHIZHIZAIJIANZHIGUOCHENGZHONGSUOJIANDEYUANXINGDEBUFENYAOXIANGQIUTIANDEYUANYUEYIYANG。LIRUJIANMEIHUASHI,MEIHUADEWUGEHUABANDOUYAOYIYANGDEYUANRUN、BAOMAN,CHONGMANSHENGJI。DANZHANGYONGSHOUDEJIANZHICHUANGZUOBINGBUZHISHIJUXIANYUJIANGHUABANJIANYUAN,ZAIZUBEIJIANYUANDEJICHUSHANG,TAHAIJIANCHULEMEIHUADEMINGAN、XUSHI、YUANJIN、SHUMIDENGYISHUXINGTAI,JIANGLINBU《SHANYUANXIAOMEI》ZHONG“SHUYINGHENGXIESHUIQINGQIAN,ANXIANGFUDONGYUEHUANGHUN”DEMEIHUAYUNWEIBIAOXIANDELINLIJINZHI。QICI,FANGRUQINGZHUANSHIZHIZUOPINZHONGDEXIANTIAOBIXUYAOPINGXINGPINGDENG、JIAODUDUIQI,JIUXIANGJIANFANGYONGDEQINGZHUANYIYANG。ZHANGYONGSHOUDEZUOPINZHONGXUYAOBIAOXIANLENGJIAODEDIFANGBUDUO,DANSHIZAIFUBEIDEJICHUSHANG,YOUSHITAHUIJIZUOPINJIANYIGEWAIKUANG,QIDAOGUIZHENGMEIHUADEZUOYONG。ZAICI,QUERUJUCHISHIZHIYOUXIEYEZIDEBIANYUANSHIJUCHIZHUANGDE,ZAIJIANZHEILEIYEBIANSHIYAOJIANDEXIANGJUCHIYIYANGFENGLI。ZHANGYONGSHOUXIZHIRUWEIDEGUANCHAGUOYEZIDESHENGZHANGGUILVHOU,RENGRANZUNXUNZHEZHEIYIYAOLINGJIANGYEZIBIAODADEQINGCUIYUDI、YUYUCONGCONG。ZUIHOU,XIRUHUXUSHIZHIJIANCHULAIDEXIANTIAOYAOXIANGLAORENDEHUXUYIXIAPIAOYI、ZIRAN。ZHANGYONGSHOUDEJUHUAJIANZHIZUOPIN《JINSHINUHOU》BUDANXIANTIAOLIUCHANGYOUMEI,RANGRENSHANGXINYUEMU,HAIZHURULETADEAIGUOQINGHUAI。TAJIANGSHIZIDEXINGTAICHOUXIANGDIJIANCHENGJUHUADEYANGZI,SHIWEILEQINGZHUXINZHONGGUODECHENGLI,YEWEILEGAOSUSHIJIE:DONGFANGDE“SHUISHI”XINGLE。

                            二、张秀芳:白粉画题材的缔造者

                          牛牛游戏厅安卓,{原始关键词}   ZHANGXIUFANG,SHENGYU1943NIAN,JIANGSUSHENGSHOUPIGONGYIMEISHUDASHI,1956NIANCONGSHIYUSHUFUZHANGYONGSHOU。ZAIJICHENGYANGZHOUJIANZHIYISHUYUANYOUDECHUANTONGTESEDEJICHUSHANG,YIXINQIANJINGYANSI,BUDUANDADANCHUANGXIN,CHUANGZUOCHU《HEWUYUNXIAO》《YANHUASANYUE》《BAFENGTU》DENGDAIBIAOXINGZUOPIN。

                            张秀芳的剪纸作品之所以能够得到世人的认可与称赞,与叔父张永寿的悉心指导是分不开的。与此同时,在叔父张永寿的基础上张秀芳也为扬州剪纸的成长增加了助力。在用纸方面,张秀芳继续采用厚薄适中、质地平整的安徽手抄宣,但是在衬纸的颜色上,她减少了黑色的使用量,加入了大量的深蓝色衬纸。深蓝色与白色的搭配既没有黑与白的强烈对比,又与扬州剪纸大量的花鸟题材相吻合,更能显现出花卉的素净淡雅与虫鸟的乖巧可爱。在题材方面,张秀芳在叔父的花鸟题材中,又加入了表现民间传说、戏曲故事、文学作品的题材,例如:“西天取经”“黛玉葬花”“李逵持板斧”等;还有一些扬州的风景名胜,例如:“瘦西湖”“文昌阁”“大明寺”等;还有一些具有象征意义的题材,例如:瓜瓞绵长、六合同春、竹报平安等。在艺术价值方面,张秀芳的剪纸作品已经不仅仅局限于窗花、喜花、供花等民间使用价值,她还提高了剪纸作品的商业价值。为了满足市场需要,张秀芳或将剪纸作品进行装裱,用于文人之间互赠礼物;或将剪纸作品做成屏风、摆件等家中的装饰物。
                           

                          扬州张氏剪纸的发展衍变过程探析
                           

                            ZHANGXIUFANGDEJIANZHIZUOPIN《WANXIA》ZHENGSHITAJIANZHICHUANGZUODAPOCHUANTONG、DUCHUANGXINYIDETIXIAN。SHOUXIAN,ZAITICAISHANGZHANGXIUFANGBINGQILEQIANRENDEHUANIAO,ERXUANZELETAZHIZISUOREAIDEBAIFENHUA《DALIEGUILAI》。QICI,ZAICHUANGZUOSHOUFASHANGZHANGXIUFANGDAPOLEYANGZHOUJIANZHIXIESHIDECHUANTONG,TACAIYONGDAOJINZITADEGOUTUFANGSHIZHENGMIANZHANXIANLEDALIEZHEDEXIAOYONGWUWEI、YINGWUJINGJIE,CHONGMANLEDALIEDEHUAMIANGANYULILIANGGAN。LINGWAI,ZAIHUAMIANDEBUJUSHANGZHANGXIUFANGYISHOULIEZHEWEIZHONGXIN,LIANGBIANBUZHILECHOUXIANGHUADERIYUETUANHESHOULIEWUQI,SHIDEZHENGGEHUAMIANZHONGDIANTUCHU、XIANGLVEDEDANG,YOUJUYOUZHUANGSHIHUADEKUAZHANGXINGYUZHUANGSHIXING。ZHEIFUZUOPINBUGUANSHIZAICHUANGZUOTICAIFANGMIAN,HAISHIZAICHUANGZUOSHOUFASHANG,DOUTIXIANCHUZHANGXIUFANGJIANZHIDUIFUBEIJIANZHIDEDADANCHUANGXIN、JIANGXINDUYUN。

                            三、张慕莉:姊妹艺术的借鉴者

                            ZHANGMULI,1960NIANCHUSHENG,SHIZHANGYONGSHOUDEYOUNV,YANGZHOUZHANGSHIJIANZHIDEDILIUDAICHUANREN。CONGXIAOSHOUFUQINDEXUNTAOERXIAIJIANZHI,15SUISHI,CONGWEIJIESHOUGUOJIANZHIXUEXIDETA,JURANJIANCHULEYIFUFUQINDE“GAOFANG”ZUOPIN。QIJIANZHILIUCHANGDUOZI、LINGLONGTITOU,XIANTIAOFANFUERQINGXI、XINGXIANGKUAZHANGERJIANJIE,ZAIJICHENGFUBEIJIANZHITICAIDEJICHUSHANGBUDUANCHUANGXIN。CHUANTONGDEZHANGSHIJIANZHIYIHUANIAOTICAIWEIZHU,ZHANGMULIZAICHUANTONGHUANIAOTICAIDEJICHUSHANGJIANGQITADONGWUTICAIYINJINQIZHONG,TAJIANXIADEXIONGMAOHANTAIKEJU、BENMAZHUIFENGZHUDIAN、LAOHUHENGMEILENGMU、XIONGJIJINGSHENDOUSOU……BUJINFENGFULEZHANGSHIJIANZHIDENEIRONG,KUODALEZHANGSHIJIANZHIDEYINGXIANGLI,ERQIEYEJIXINSHANGZHEYISHIJUEMEIDEXIANGSHOU。CHUCIZHIWAI,ZHANGMULIHAIJIANGSHANZONGZHUTIYINJINZHANGSHIJIANZHI,BINGCHUANGZUOCHUZUOPIN《SHANYI》。

                          牛牛游戏厅安卓,{原始关键词}   TONGSHI,ZHANGMULIHAITONGGUOXISHOUJIEJIANQITAZIMEIYISHUDEFANGSHI,LAIFENGFUYANGZHOUJIANZHIDEBIAOXIANXINGSHI。TADEZUOPIN《GUPING》JIUSHIJIEYONGZHONGGUOCIHUAPINGDEWAIXING,JIEZHUZHONGGUOHUADEBIAOXIANSHOUFA,CAIYONGHUAYUSHI、SHU、YINXIANGJIEHEDEFANGFA,JIANGSHANSHUI、JINGWU、DONGWU、HUANIAODENGRONGYUYITI,GOUTUJIANJIE,HEXIEYUNMEI,XUANQUSANDIANTOUSHIDEGUANCHAFANGSHI,YONGXIANTIAOGOULEXINGXIANG,MIAOHUILEYIFUCHUXIAXIAOCHIXINSHENGDETUJING,YINGZAOCHUZIRANPOSHI、ANGRANSHENGYIDEYIJING。CIWAI,ZHANGMULIHAIZHILIYUYANGZHOUJIANZHIDECHUANCHENG,TONGGUOCHUGUOBIAOYAN、XUEXIAOSHOUKE、SHITUXIANGSHOUDENGFANGSHIJIANGZIJIDUIJIANZHIDELINGWUCHUANDIJIYIDAIYOUYIDAIJIANZHIXINREN。

                            四、张震梅:剪纸邮票的创作者

                            ZHANGZHENMEI,1976NIANCHUSHENG,2007NIANCIQURENRENDOUXIANMUDEWENDINGGONGZUOSHICONGJIANGSUSHENGGONGYIMEISHUDASHIZHANGMULI,XIANYICHENGZHANGWEIYANGZHOUZHANGSHIJIANZHIDEXINYIDAICHUANCHENGREN。ZUOWEISHOUPI“SHIDAITU”DEJIANZHIYIREN,ZHANGZHENMEIGENZAISHIFUZHANGMULIHOUMIANKEKUZUANYANJIANZHIYISHU,BINGYU2015NIANWEIYANGZHOUJIANCHENG2500NIANXIANCHUZIJIDEZUOPIN《SHENGSHIHUAKAI》。ZAILAOJISHIFUJIANZHIYAOJUEDEJICHUSHANG,ZHANGZHENMEIZAIZIJIDEJIANZHIZHONGJIARULEHENDUODUCHUANGXINGDEXIANGFA。TAJIANGSHIFUZHANGMULIDONGWUTICAIDEJIANZHIZUOPINJINYIBUYANSHENGFAZHANWEISHIERSHENGXIAODEJIANZHIZUOPIN,BINGSHIYONGDAOYOUPIAOZHONG。JIANGJIANZHIYISHUYUYOUPIAOXIANGJIEHE,YIFANGMIANWEIYANGZHOUJIANZHIYINGDELEGUANGKUODESHICHANGZIYUAN;LINGYIFANGMIANYEZENGQIANGLEYANGZHOUJIANZHIDECHUANBOLIDU。ERJIANZHIYOUPIAOYECHENGWEILEYANGZHOUJIANZHIXIANGWAITUIGUANGDEYOUYIZHONGFANGSHI。

                            CHUCIYIWAI,ZHANGZHENMEIHAICHUANGZUOLEDALIANGDERENWUTICAIDEJIANZHIZUOPIN。ZAIQIZUOPIN《JIAHEWANSHIXING》ZHONG,JIUSHIJIANGLIANGGEFANGBIANPAO、BAODENGLONGDEXIAOHAIZUOWEIJIANZHIDEZHUTI,ZHEIFUZUOPINYIYANGZHOUJIANZHIWEILANBENDETONGSHI,YUNYONGLEBEIFANGJIANZHICUGUANGDEXIANTIAOLAIGOULERENWUWAIXING,DANSHIXIAOHAIDEMIANBUBIAOQING、FUSHIHUAWENDENGFANGMIANYIRANCAIYONGLEXINIERJINGZHIDEYANGZHOUJIANZHIJIFA。XIANERYIJIAN,ZHANGZHENMEISHIJIANGHAOMAIDEBEIFANGJIANZHIYINJINYANGZHOUZHANGSHIJIANZHIDEDIYIREN。

                            五、结语

                          牛牛游戏厅安卓,{原始关键词}   YANGZHOUJIANZHISHIZHONGGUONANFANGJIANZHIDEDAIBIAO,ERZHANGSHIJIANZHIZESHIYANGZHOUJIANZHIDEDAIBIAO。BENWENTONGGUODUIZHANGYONGSHOU、ZHANGXIUFANG、ZHANGMULI、ZHANGZHENMEIZHEISIWEIZHANGSHIJIANZHIYIRENDEYANJIU,BUDANQINGXIRENSHIDAOZHANGSHIJIANZHIDEFAZHANYANBIANGUOCHENG,ERQIESHENKEYISHIDAOBAOHUHECHUANCHENGZHEIYIGUOJIAJIFEIWUZHIWENHUAYICHANDEZHONGDAYIYI。WEILEJICHENGHEFAZHANZHEIYICHUANTONGMINJIANYISHU,YANGZHOUJIANZHIDECHUANTONGTICAIYINGBUDUANKAITUO,SHEJILINIANYINGBUDUANSHENGHUA,CHUANGXINYISHIYINGBUDUANJIAQIANG,CONGERGENGHAODIMANZUDUOCENGCI、DUOZHONGLEIDESHICHANGXUQIU。YANGZHOUJIANZHIZAISHICHANGHUADETONGSHI,HAIYINGBUDUANPEIYANGXINYIDAIDEJIANZHICHUANCHENGREN,SHIQICHUANGZUONENGSHIYINGBUDUANBIANQIANDESHEHUIXUQIU,TUIDONGCHUANTONGMINJIANYISHUDEGONGNENGZHUANXING,TISHENGYANGZHOUJIANZHIDESHENMEIJIAZHI。

                            参考文献

                            [1] 曹永森.扬州特色文化[M].苏州:苏州大学出版社,2006.
                            [2] 陈竟.中国民俗剪纸史[M].北京:北京大学出版社,2007.
                            [3] 马丽.浅析扬州民俗文化对扬州剪纸题材造型的影响[J].文艺生活·文艺理论,2015,(03).
                            [4] 张梦甜,顾志红.城市民俗文化承载新中国梦——以扬州剪纸为例[J].美与时代·城市,2016,(05).
                            [5] 顾春花.非遗语境中扬州剪纸艺术的文化内涵[J].艺苑,2016,(05).
                            [6] 王秀.张永寿剪纸艺术风格研究[J].扬州教育学院学报,2017,(01).
                          牛牛游戏厅安卓,{原始关键词}   [7] 熊晓昙.论扬州剪纸的传承与创新[J].文物鉴定与鉴赏,2019,(13).

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