牛牛游戏厅安卓,{原始关键词}

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                                  1. 当前位置: 代写一篇论文多少钱 > 艺术论文 > 张根有“海神工尺曲”的润腔习惯分析

                                    张根有“海神工尺曲”的润腔习惯分析

                                    时间:2020-04-18 10:42作者:高石磊
                                    本文导读:这是一篇关于张根有“海神工尺曲”的润腔习惯分析的文章,海神乐是流传于洛阳及周边地区的传统器乐乐种,原为工尺谱记谱,现存近百首工尺曲谱。老艺人张根有1存有一册手抄《海神工尺曲》(内含13首“海神工尺曲”),这些乐曲可以演唱,也可以由笛、管等乐器演奏。

                                      摘    要: 乐音的带腔性是中国传统音乐的一大特点。洛阳海神乐的工尺曲谱中没有润腔方面的提示,不便于音乐风格的把握。笔者跟随老艺人张根有学习了十三首海神工尺曲的演唱,对其润腔习惯进行分析和总结,发现了其“加花润腔”“‘哎哎’润腔”“滑音润腔”“波音润腔”“混合润腔”等润腔方式的规律,并分析了其演唱中唱腔与谱字不同之处的原因。

                                      关键词: 海神乐; 海神工尺曲; 润腔;

                                    牛牛游戏厅安卓,{原始关键词}   HAISHENLESHILIUCHUANYULUOYANGJIZHOUBIANDIQUDECHUANTONGQILELEZHONG,YUANWEIGONGCHIPUJIPU,XIANCUNJINBAISHOUGONGCHIQUPU。LAOYIRENZHANGGENYOU1CUNYOUYICESHOUCHAO《HAISHENGONGCHIQU》2(NEIHAN13SHOU“HAISHENGONGCHIQU”),ZHEIXIELEQUKEYIYANCHANG,YEKEYIYOUDI、GUANDENGLEQIYANZOU。ZHANGGENYOUSHIMUQIANSUOZHIWEIYIDEYIWEIYOUNIANXUEXIGUOHAISHENLEQIEHAINENGYUANZHIYUANWEIYANCHANGHAISHENLEQUDELAOYIREN。YINCI,FENXIZHANGGENYOUYANCHANGSHIDERUNQIANGTEDIAN,DUIYUYANJIUHAISHENLEYINLEFENGGEZHIGUANZHONGYAO,SHIQIHUOTAICHUANCHENGBIZUOZHISHI。

                                      一、“海神工尺曲”润腔特点

                                    牛牛游戏厅安卓,{原始关键词}   YINLEXUEJIADONGWEISONGJIANGRUNQIANGDINGYIWEI:“MINZUYINLE(BAOKUOCHUANTONGYINLE)BIAOYANYISHUJIAMEN,ZAITAMENYANCHANGHUOZHEYANZOUJUYOUZHONGGUOMINZUFENGGEHETESEDELEQU(CHANGQIANG)SHI,DUITAJINXINGGEZHONGKENENGDERUNSEHEZHUANGSHI,SHIZHICHENGWEIJUYOULITIGANQIANG、SECAIFENGFU、FENGGEDUTE、YUNWEINONGYUDEWANMEIDEYISHUZUOPIN。”[1]TAJIANGRUNQIANGFANGSHIFENWEI“YINGAOSHIRUNQIANG”“ZUYIN”“JIEZOUXINGRUNQIANG”“LIDUXINGRUNQIANG”“YINSEXINGRUNQIANG”HE“QITARUNQIANG”DENGLIUZHONGLEIXING。

                                      ZAIXUECHANGHELINGTINGDEGUOCHENGZHONG,BIZHEGANSHOUDAO13SHOU“HAISHENGONGCHIQU”DEYINLEFENGGESHITONGYIDE。JIUQIYUANYIN,CHULEDIAOSHI、LEQUFAZHANSHOUFA、SUDUCHULIDENGYINSUDETONGYIWAI,QIYANCHANGSHI,“YINGAOSHIRUNQIANG”FANGSHIDETONGYISHIZHEIXIELEQUFENGGETONGYIDEZHONGYAOYUANYIN。TONGGUOFENXIYANJIU,BIZHEJIANGZHANGGENYOUYANCHANGSHIDE“YINGAOSHIRUNQIANG”FENWEIYIXIAWUZHONG,JI“JIAHUARUNQIANG”“HUAYINRUNQIANG”“‘AIAI’RUNQIANG”“BOYINRUNQIANG”HE“HUNHERUNQIANG”。WEILEBIAOSHUFANGBIANHEBIANYULIJIE,BIZHEJIANGJIEHESHIYONGCHUANTONGYINLESHUYU、XIANDAILELISHUYUYIJIYIRENDEXINGHUADUISHANGSHUWUZHONGRUNQIANGFANGSHIJINXINGTANTAO。

                                      (一)加花润腔

                                      XUANLVJIAHUASHICHUANTONGYINLEZHONGPUBIANCUNZAIDERUNQIANGFANGSHI。ZAI“HAISHENGONGCHIQU”ZHONG,YOUYULEQUXUANLVDEPUZIJIZAIBIJIAOXIANGXI,ZHEIZHONGRUNQIANGFANGSHIBINGBUCHANGYONG,JINCUNZAIYUGEBIELEJUZHIZHONG,SHEJI“CHI”“LIU”HE“GONG”SANGEPUZI。ZHUYAOYOUYIXIASIZHONGQINGKUANG。

                                      1. JIPU:CHICHI3SHIJIYANCHANG:CHICHICHI

                                      2. JIPU:LIUGONGLIUSHIJIYANCHANG:LIULIUGONGLIU

                                      3. JIPU:CHICHISHIJIYANCHANG:CHIGONGCHIGONG

                                      4. JIPU:GONGCHISHIJIYANCHANG:GONGLIUGONGCHI

                                      从上我们可以看出,“海神工尺曲”中的“加花润腔”都是针对八分音符时值的谱字,且主要有两种方式,一是八分音符时值的谱字变为两个十六分音符时值的谱字,如类型1和类型2;二是谱字后方加入相邻音级的谱字,如类型3和类型4。
                                     

                                    张根有“海神工尺曲”的润腔习惯分析
                                     

                                      (二)滑音润腔

                                      HUAYINRUNQIANGSHIZHANGGENYOUYANCHANG“HAISHENGONGCHIQU”SHICHANGYONGDERUNQIANGFANGSHIZHIYI,GAIRUNQIANGFANGSHIGONGYOUWUZHONGQINGKUANG,JIQIANZHIXIAHUAYINRUNQIANG、HUIHUAYINRUNQIANG、HOUZHIXIAHUAYINRUNQIANG、QIANZHISHANGHUAYINRUNQIANGHEHOUZHISHANGHUAYINRUNQIANGWUZHONG。QIZHONG,DIYIZHONGFANGSHIPUBIANCUNZAIYUSUOYOUDEQUMUZHIZHONG。

                                      1.前置下滑音润腔

                                    牛牛游戏厅安卓,{原始关键词}   QIANZHIXIAHUAYINRUNQIANGGONGYOUSANZHONGQINGKUANG,FENBIESHIQIANZHIXIAOSANDUXIAHUARUNQIANG、QIANZHIDAERDUXIAHUARUNQIANG、QIANZHICHUNSIDUXIAHUARUNQIANG。

                                      QIANZHIXIAOSANDUXIAHUARUNQIANGSHEJI“YI”“GONG”LIANGGEPUZI,QITAPUZIBUSHIYONG。DANGZHEILIANGGEPUZIDEYINGAODIYUQIANYIPUZISHI,JIHUDOUSHIYONGZHEIZHONGFANGSHIDERUNQIANG;DANGLIANGGEPUZIYINGAOGAOYUQIANYIPUZISHI,OUERSHIYONGZHEIYANGDERUNQIANGFANGSHI。

                                      QIANZHIDAERDUXIAHUARUNQIANGCHUXIANCISHUJIAOSHAO,SHEJI“GONG”“SI”(“WU”)、“SHANG”DENGSANGEPUZI。

                                    牛牛游戏厅安卓,{原始关键词}   QIANZHICHUNSIDUXIAHUARUNQIANGCHUXIANZAISISHOULEQUZHIZHONG,JUNSHILEJUYI“HE”ZIJIEWEISHISHIYONG,YOU“CHI”XIAHUAZHI“HE”。

                                    牛牛游戏厅安卓,{原始关键词}   QIANZHIXIAHUAYINRUNQIANGSHI“HAISHENGONGCHIQU”ZUIZHONGYAODERUNQIANGFANGSHI,TONGGUOYISHANGDEFENXIHEDIAOSHIYINJIEDEFENXI,WOMENKEYIKANCHU,WUSHENGYINJIEDEJIJINXIAHUAYINRUNQIANG(TEBIESHIXIAOSANDUDEJIJINXIAHUARUNQIANG)SHIQIZUIZHONGYAODERUNQIANGFANGSHI。

                                      2.回滑音润腔

                                    牛牛游戏厅安卓,{原始关键词}   CIZHONGRUNQIANGFANGSHISHIYONGJIAOSHAO,JINCHUXIANZAILIANGSHOULEQUZHONG,JINSHEJI“GONG”ZI,YANCHANGXIAOGUOWEI:YOU“HE”XIAHUAZHI“GONG”,ZAIHUIHUAZHI“HE”,SHIJIYINXIAOGENGXIANGSHI“HE”ZIZUO“HUIHUAYINRUNQIANG”。

                                      3.后置下滑音润腔

                                      GAIHUAYINRUNQIANGFANGSHIYEBUCHANGYONG。“CHI”ZIDE“HOUZHIXIAOSANDUXIAHUAYINRUNQIANG”ZAILIANGSHOULEQUGECHUXIANYICI,SHIJIYINXIANGYU“YI”DEQIANZHIXIAOSANDUXIAHUARUNQIANGXIANGTONG,KESHIWEI“YI”ZIZUO“QIANZHIXIAOSANDUXIAHUARUNQIANG”DEBIANXING;“LIU”ZIHE“YI”ZIDEHOUZHIXIAHUAYINRUNQIANGJINZAIYIGEQUZIZHONGGECHUXIANLEYICI。

                                      4.前置上滑音润腔

                                    牛牛游戏厅安卓,{原始关键词}   GAIRUNQIANGFANGSHIZAILIANGSHOULEQUZHONGGECHUXIANYICI。QIZHONG,《DUTONGGE》ZHONG,LUYINYUPUZIYOUYI。《DAOSHIKANMEN》ZHONG,YIGELEJUDE“GONGLIU”ERYIN,QIZHONG“GONG”ZIWEI“QIANZHIXIAOSANDUXIAHUARUNQIANG”CHULI,“LIU”ZIWEIQIFANXIANG“SHANGXINGXIAOSANDUSHANGHUARUNQIANG”CHULI,LIANGGEPUZIDEHUAYINRUNQIANGXIANGHUPEIHE,SHIERZIDEXIANJIEGENGJIAJINCOUYUANRUN。

                                      5.后置上滑音润腔

                                      CIRUNQIANGFANGSHIJINZAI《SIZIMANZHOU》ZHONGCHUXIANLEYICI。LEJUWEI“SIHEYISI|HE—|”,DIYIGE“HE”ZIZUO“HOUZHIDAERDUSHANGHUARUNQIANG”,HOUBIANDE“YI”ZIWEI“QIANZHIXIAOSANDUXIAXINGRUNQIANG”YUQIANYIPUZIPEIHE,LIANGGEPUZIDERUNQIANGXIANGHUJIEHE,SHIDELEJUXIANDEGENGJIAWANZHUAN。

                                    牛牛游戏厅安卓,{原始关键词}   TONGGUOYISHANGFENXIWOMENKEYIKANDAO,“HAISHENGONGCHIQU”DEHUAYINRUNQIANGZHUYAOJIZHONGZAI“YI”“GONG”ERZI,QIEERGEPUZIDE“QIANZHIXIAOSANDUXIAHUARUNQIANG”ZUIWEIPUBIAN。QITADEHUAYINRUNQIANGFANGSHIYEDADOUYUZHEIERYINDERUNQIANGYOUGUAN,HUOXIANGHUPEIHE,HUOSHIQIBIANXINGXINGSHI。

                                      (三)“哎哎”润腔

                                      “AIAI”ERZICHUZIZHANGGENYOUZHIKOU。“AIAI”RUNQIANGDEJIBENXINGSHIWEI:DANGMOUGEPUZIYANCHANGLIANGPAISHIZHISHI,DIYIPAICHANGGAIPUZIDEFAYIN,DIERPAIYONGPUZIDEYUNMUFAYINCHANGCHULIANGGEBAFENYINFUSHIZHIDEYIN。YOUYU“HAISHENGONGCHIQU”DEJUSHIDADOUSHIXIAODUANJU,QIEZUIHOUJIESHUYINDADOUWEILIANGPAIDESHIZHI,YINCI,“AIAI”RUNQIANGDALIANGCUNZAIYUMEIYISHOU“HAISHENGONGCHIQU”ZHIZHONG(《DAOSHIKANMEN》CHUWAI,GAILEQUZHONGMEIYOUERPAIZISHIZHIDEPUZI)。GAIRUNQIANGFANGSHICHULESHANGSHUJIBENXINGSHIWAI,HAIYOUSANZHONGBIANXINGXINGSHI。XIAMIAN,YILIANGPAIDE“CHI”ZIWEILI,LIEJUCHANGJIANDE“AIAI”RUNQIANGFANGSHI。

                                    牛牛游戏厅安卓,{原始关键词}   JIBENFANGSHI:CHI—:CHIe e

                                      BIANXINGYI:CHI—:CHIe e e

                                    牛牛游戏厅安卓,{原始关键词}   BIANXINGER:CHI—:CHIe

                                    牛牛游戏厅安卓,{原始关键词}   BIANXINGSAN:CHI—:CHIe e

                                      TONGGUOGUANCHAZHANGGENYOUSHIYONGDIZICHUIZOU“HAISHENGONGCHIQU”,BIZHERENWEI,“AIAI”RUNQIANGYINGSHOUDIZIJIFA“DIEYIN”YINGXIANGERCHENG。QIYANCHANGZHONGSHIYONG“AIAI”RUNQIANGDELEYINJUNWEIDIZIYANZOUSHISHIYONG“DIEYIN”JIFAZHICHU。CHUCIZHIWAI,“AIAI”RUNQIANGCHANGYUQITARUNQIANGFANGSHIJIEHESHIYONG。

                                      (四)波音润腔

                                    牛牛游戏厅安卓,{原始关键词}   BOYINRUNQIANGSHIYANCHANG“HAISHENGONGCHIQU”SHILINGYIZHONGZHONGYAODERUNQIANGFANGSHI。TONGGUOFENXILUYIN,BIZHEFAXIAN,ZAI13SHOU“HAISHENGONGCHIQU”ZHONG,JINYISHOULEQUZHONGMEIYOUSHIYONGCIRUNQIANGFANGFA。ERQIETONGGUOTONGJIFAXIAN,SHIYONGCIZHONGRUNQIANGFANGSHIDEPUZIZHIYOUSANGE,JI“SI”“HE”“GONG”。QIZHONG,“SI”ZIDE“BOYINSHIRUNQIANG”ZUICHANGJIAN,XINGSHIYEZUIFENGFU;“HE”ZIDE“BOYINSHIRUNQIANG”JINCHUXIANZAILIANGGELEQUZHIZHONG,XINGSHIJIAODANYI;“GONG”ZIDE“BOYINRUNQIANG”CHUXIANZAISANSHOULEQUZHIZHONG,XINGSHIJIAODANYI。

                                      1.“四”字的“波音润腔”

                                    牛牛游戏厅安卓,{原始关键词}   JIUJIEZOUERYAN,“SI”ZIDE“BOYINRUNQIANG”CHUXIANZAIYIXIAJIZHONGJIEZOUXINGZHONG:“X”“0X”“X0”“X.0”4;JIUBOYINLEIXINGERYAN,YOU“DANBOYIN”“FUBOYIN”“CHIDAODANBOYIN”HE“CHIDAOFUBOYIN”5DENGSIZHONGQINGKUANG,LIANGZHONGFUBOYINRUNQIANGDEYINXIANGLEISIYUGUQINYANZOUJIFAZHONG“NAO”DEYINXIAO,BODONGDUOCI;JIUBOYINDEYINGAOERYAN,JIZHONGXINGSHIJUNWEISHANGFANGDAERDUDEBOYIN,DANDANGPUZIZUO“FUBOYINRUNQIANG”SHI,YINDANWEISHIJIANNEIBODONGCISHUJIAODUO,BOYINXIAOGUOWANGWANGDABUDAOSHANGFANGDAERDUDEYINGAO,ERSHISHAODIYIXIE(SUOYOULUYINZHONGDE“FUBOYINRUNQIANG”JUNSHIZHEIZHONGYINGAOXIAOGUO)。

                                      2.“合”字的“波音润腔”

                                    牛牛游戏厅安卓,{原始关键词}   “HE”ZIDE“BOYINRUNQIANG”JINCHUXIANZAI《SANZHUXIANG》HE《BAXIANGUOHAI》ZHONG,QIEJUNWEI“HE”HE“SI”ERYINZAI“HE.SI”DEJIEZOUXINGCHUXIANSHISHIYONG,QITAJIEZOUXINGZHONG“HE”ZIBUZUOZHEIZHONGFANGSHIDERUNQIANG,QIBOYINXIAOGUOYU“SI”ZIDE“FUBOYIN”RUNQIANGXIAOGUOXIANGTONG。

                                      3.“工”字的“波音润腔”

                                    牛牛游戏厅安卓,{原始关键词}   “GONG”ZIDE“BOYINRUNQIANG”CHUXIANZAI《SANZHUXIANG》《SANSHANGXIANG》HE《SANWENSHEN》SANSHOULEQUZHONG,JIEZOUYOU“X”“X.0”LIANGZHONG。BOYINLEIXINGYOU“DANBOYIN”“FUBOYIN”HE“CHIDAOFUBOYIN”SANZHONG。BOYINYINGAOYIBUDAOSHANGFANGDAERDUDEYINGAO,YU“SI”ZIDEQINGKUANGXIANGTONG。

                                    牛牛游戏厅安卓,{原始关键词}   TONGGUOYISHANGFENXIWOMENBUNANKANCHU,“BOYINRUNQIANG”DEPUBIANSHIYONGSHI13SHOU“HAISHENGONGCHIQU”FENGGEXIANGSIDEZHONGYAOYUANYIN。CHULESHANGMIANDANYILEIXINGDE“BOYINRUNQIANG”WAI,YIXIEPUZIHAIJIEHESHIYONG“BOYINRUNQIANG”HEQITADERUNQIANGFANGSHI。

                                      (五)混合润腔

                                      “HUAYINRUNQIANG”“‘AIAI’RUNQIANG”HE“BOYINRUNQIANG”SHI“HAISHENGONGCHIQU”YANCHANGSHIZUIZHUYAODESANZHONGRUNQIANGFANGSHI。HENDUOQINGKUANGXIA,TAMENXIANGHUJIEHESHIYONG。

                                    牛牛游戏厅安卓,{原始关键词}   “HUNHERUNQIANG”YOULIANGDALEI。DIYILEI“HUNHERUNQIANG”WEILIANGGEJIEZOUXIANGLIANDEPUZIFENBIEYONGMOUYIZHONGRUNQIANGFANGSHI,ZHEIZHONGQINGKUANGBIJIAODANYI,JINZAI“YI”“SI”ERYINYI“YISI”DEJIEZOUCHUXIANSHISHIYONG,QIZHONG,“YI”ZIWEI“QIANZHIXIAOSANDUXIAHUARUNQIANG”,“SI”ZISHI“DANBOYINSHIRUNQIANG”。ZHEIZHONGZUHECHUXIANZAIQISHOULEQUZHIZHONG。DIERLEI“HUNHERUNQIANG”SHITONGYIPUZIDEHUNHERUNQIANG。CILEIRUNQIANGFANGSHIKEYIFENWEISIZHONGQINGKUANG。

                                      YISHI“‘AIAI’RUNQIANG”HE“BOYINRUNQIANG”JIEHE。ZHEIZHONGHUNHERUNQIANGFANGFAYINGYONGZAILIANGPAIZIDE“SI”“GONG”“CHI”DENGPUZISHANG。QIZHONG,“SI”ZIZUICHANGSHIYONG,JUTIBIAOXIANWEIDIYIPAIWEI“BOYINRUNQIANG”,DIERPAIZUO“‘AIAI’RUNQIANG”。DIYIPAIDE“BOYINRUNQIANG”YOU“DANBOYIN”“FUBOYIN”LIANGZHONGQINGKUANG,“‘AIAI’RUNQIANG”YOU“JIBENXINGSHI”HE“BIANXINGER”。

                                      “GONG”ZIDEHUNHERUNQIANGFANGSHIZHIZAIYIGELEQUZHONGCHUXIAN,XINGSHIWEI:DIYIPAI“DANBOYINRUNQIANG”,DIERPAI“‘AIAI’RUNQIANG”(JIBENXINGSHI)。

                                    牛牛游戏厅安卓,{原始关键词}   “CHI”ZIDEGAIZHONGRUNQIANGFANGSHIBIAOXIANWEILIANGPAIZIDE“CHI”ZUO“‘AIAI’RUNQIANG”(BIANXINGYI),QIZHONG,DISIGEBAFENYINFUZUO“DANBOYINRUNQIANG”。

                                      ERSHI“HUAYINRUNQIANG”HE“‘AIAI’RUNQIANG”JIEHE。CIZHONGHUNHESHIRUNQIANGFANGFACHUXIANZAILIANGPAIZIDE“HE”“SHANG”“SI”HE“YI”DENGSIGEPUZISHANG。

                                    牛牛游戏厅安卓,{原始关键词}   “HE”ZIDERUNQIANGBIAOXIANWEI:DIYIPAIWEI“QIANZHIXIAHUAYINRUNQIANG”,DIERPAIWEI“‘AIAI’RUNQIANG”(JIBENXINGSHI)。

                                      “SHANG”ZIDERUNQIANGBIAOXIANWEI:LIANGPAIZIDE“SHANG”ZIZUO“BIANXINGYI”SHIDE“‘AIAI’RUNQIANG”,ZUIHOUYIGEBAFENYINFUZUO“HUAYINRUNQIANG”,TEBIEZHICHUZAIYU,HUAYINXIAOGUOYU“SHANG”ZIYINGAOMEIYOUGUANXI,ERSHICONG“CHI”HUADAO“YI”,ERQIEBUTONGLEQUZHONGDE“SHANG”ZIZUOZHEIZHONGRUNQIANGCHULISHI,QIHOUMIANDEPUZIDOUSHI“SI”ZI,QIRUNQIANGFANGSHISHIDELIANGGELEJUXIANJIEDEGENGJIASHUNCHANG、YUANRUN。

                                    牛牛游戏厅安卓,{原始关键词}   “SHANG”ZIDERUNQIANGBIAOXIANWEI:LIANGPAIZIDE“SI”ZIYI“BIANXINGYI”DE“‘AIAI’RUNQIANG”XINGSHICHUXIAN,QIZHONGDIYIGEBANPAIZUO“DANBOYINRUNQIANG”,HOUBIANSANGEBANPAIFENBIEZUO“QIANZHIDEDAERDUHUAYINRUNQIANG”。“YI”ZIDERUNQIANGBIAOXIANWEI:LIANGPAIZIDE“YI”ZIYI“‘AIAI’RUNQIANG”(JIBENXINGSHI)CHUXIAN,QIZHONGDIYIPAIZUO“QIANZHIXIAHUAYINRUNQIANG”。

                                      SANSHI“BOYINRUNQIANG”HE“HUAYINRUNQIANG”JIEHE。ZHEIZHONGRUNQIANGFANGSHIJINCHUXIANZAI《SANWENSHEN》ZHIZHONG,SHIYONGZHEIZHONGFANGSHIRUNQIANGDE“YI”ZIJUNWEIYIPAIZISHIZHI,JUTIBIAOXIANWEI:“YI”ZIYI“CHI”HE“YI”DEXIAOSANDUGUANXIZUOLEISIYU“NAO”DE“FUBOYINRUNQIANG”(YIBANWEI“CHI”“YI”ZHIJIANBODONGSANCI),RANHOUZAIHUAXIANG“SI”ZIDEYINGAO。SUIRANGAIRUNQIANGFANGSHIJINCHUXIANZAIYISHOULEQUZHIZHONG,DANYINQIDUOCICHUXIAN,QIERUNQIANGFANGSHIYIZHI,SHIDEGAIQUZICHENGXIANCHUYIZHONGDUTEDEYUNWEI。

                                    牛牛游戏厅安卓,{原始关键词}   SISHISANZHONGFANGSHIGONGCUNDEHUNHERUNQIANG。ZAI《SUWUMUYANG》HE《BAXIANZHUSHOU》ZHIZHONG,LIANGPAIZIDE“YI”ZISHIYONGLESANZHONGFANGSHIGONGCUNDEHUNHERUNQIANG,LIANGGELEQUZHONGRUNQIANGFANGSHIXIANGTONG。JUTIBIAOXIANWEI:DIYIPAIXIANZUO“QIANZHIXIAHUAYINRUNQIANG”(CONG“CHI”HUAZHI“YI”),RANHOUJINJIEZHEZUO“BOYINRUNQIANG”(“CHI”HE“YI”DEXIAOSANDUBOYIN),DIERPAIZUO“JIBENXINGSHI”DE“‘AIAI’RUNQIANG”。

                                    牛牛游戏厅安卓,{原始关键词}   TONGGUOYISHANGFENXI,WOMENKEYIKANDAO,YANCHANG“HAISHENGONGCHIQU”SHI,“YINGAOSHIRUNQIANG”SHIQIRUNQIANGDEZHUYAOFANGSHI。QIZHONG,“HUAYINRUNQIANG”“‘AIAI’RUNQIANG”“BOYINRUNQIANG”YIJISANZHEDEJIEHESHIYONGSHIZUICHANGYONGDERUNQIANGFANGSHI。CIWAI,SUIRANMEIZHONGRUNQIANGFANGSHIJUNYOUDUOZHONGXINGSHICUNZAI,DANSHIWANGWANGQIZHONGDEYIZHONGFANGSHISHIZUICHANGSHIYONGDE。ZHENGSHIYOUYUZHEIYANGDERUNQIANGTEDIAN,BAOZHENGLE“HAISHENGONGCHIQU”LEQUFENGGEDEYIZHI。

                                      二、谱面与实际音响不同处的原因分析

                                    牛牛游戏厅安卓,{原始关键词}   ZAIDUIBIPUZIHEYANCHANGYINPINDEGUOCHENGZHONG,BIZHEFAXIANYOUXIELEQUDEYINXIANGHEPUZIJILUBUYIZHI。TONGGUOFENXI,BIZHEJIANGCHUXIANZHEIZHONGQINGKUANGDEYUANYINFENWEIYIXIASANLEI。

                                      (一)记谱出错造成的差异

                                    牛牛游戏厅安卓,{原始关键词}   TONGGUOFENXI,BIZHERENDING《SANWENSHEN》ZHONGDEYIGELEJUSHUYUZHEIZHONGQINGKUANG(ZHANGGENYOUYANCHANGZHEISHOULEQUSHI,ZHIJIESHANDIAOLEZHEIJIGELEJU)。ZAILEQUDEJIESHUBUFEN,YOUZHEIYANGDEPULI:CHICHIGONGLIUWU|GONGLIUGONGCHIYI|CHICHISIYICHI|HE—|CHICHIGONGLIUSHANGCHICHISIYICHIHE,SHANGLIWEILIANGGELEJU,HOUJUZHANGGENYOUSHENGLVEBUCHANG,JIEZOUBUXIANG。LIANGLEJUDEHOUBANBUFENXIANGTONG,QIANBANBUFENDEQIANSIGEPUZIYIXIANGTONG,“SHANG”ZIDECUNZAISHILIANGLEJUDEQIANBANLEJUJIEGOUJIBUDUICHENG,BUFUHE“HAISHENGONGCHIQU”DELEJUJIEGOUTEDIAN。ERQIE,ZAIZHEISHOULEQUDEPULIZHONG,“SHANG”ZIJINZAICICHUCHUXIANYICI,YANCHANGCIPUZIDEYINGAOYUZHENGQUDEDIAOSHIYINJIEJIFENGGEGEGEBURU。YINCI,CICHUYINGGAIWEICHAOPUCHUCUO。

                                      (二)演唱原因造成的差异

                                    牛牛游戏厅安卓,{原始关键词}   ZAI《BAXIANGUOHAI》《DAOSHIKANMEN》HE《SUWUMUYANG》SANSHOULEQUZHONGCHUXIANDEBUYIZHIXIANXIANG,YINGGAISHIYOUZHANGGENYOUDEYANCHANGZAOCHENGDE。

                                      《DAOSHIKANMEN》ZHONG,LEJU“LIULIUWU|YIYIYIWU|LIU”DESHIJIYANCHANGYINGAOWEI“LIULIUYI|WUWUWUYI|LIU”,JI“WU”HE“YI”DEYINGAODIANDAOLE。ZAIGAILEQUZHONG,CHUCILEJUWAI,QITADE“YI”HE“WU”DESHIJIYINGAOJUNWEIPUZIXIANSHIDEYINGAO。YINCI,CICHUDECHAYIYINGWEIQIYANCHANGYUANYINSUOZHI。

                                    牛牛游戏厅安卓,{原始关键词}   《BAXIANGUOHAI》ZHONG,LEJU“SIYIGONGHE|GONG—|”DESHIJIYANCHANGYINGAOWEI“YICHIGONGCHI|GONG—|”,YOUYUGAIQUQITADE“SI”“YI”DEYANCHANGYINGAOJUNWEIPUZIYINGAO,CICHUCHAYIYIWEIYANCHANGZHEZAOCHENG。

                                      《SUWUMUYANG》ZHONG,LEJU“SHANGCHISHANGSI|HE—|SHANG.WU(HEZIYINGAO)SHANGGONGLIU|CHI—|”DESHIJIYINXIANGWEI“SICHI|YISI|HE—|SI.WUSIGONGLIU|CHI—|”,CICHU,“SHANG”ZISHIJIYINGAOFENBIEWEI“SI”HE“YI”,QIYULEJUZHONGDE“SHANG”ZIYANCHANGYINGAOYUPUZIYINGAOYIZHI,ZHEISHUOMINGCICHUYESHIZHANGGENYOUYANCHANGSHIZAOCHENGDECHAYI。

                                      (三)润腔习惯造成的差异

                                      GAILEICHAYIWEIRUNQIANGXIGUANZAOCHENGDE,BIAOXIANZAI“YI”HE“GONG”LIANGGEPUZISHANG。

                                    牛牛游戏厅安卓,{原始关键词}   1.“YI”ZICHANG“CHI”ZIDEYINGAO,CHUXIANZAI《BAXIANZUIJIU》《BAXIANGUOHAI》《DUTONGGE》《XIAOQIAOKUZHOU》《SUWUMUYANG》ZHONG。

                                      “YI”ZICHANG“CHI”ZIYINGAODEYUANYINWEI:YANCHANG“HAISHENGONGCHIQU”SHI,“YI”ZICHANGZUO“CHI”XIAHUAZHI“YI”DE“HUAYINRUNQIANG”,ERQIE,RUNQIANGSHI,“CHI”ZIDEYINGAOSHIZHIYU“YI”ZIYINGAOSHIZHITONGYANGZHONGYAO,GEZHANSHIZHIDEYIBAN。LINGWAI,YOUDELEQUZHONG,“CHI”ZIZUO“HOUZHIXIAHUARUNQIANG”,YOU“CHI”XIAHUAZHI“YI”DEYINGAO。SHANGSHULIANGZHONGQINGKUANGZHONG,RUGUOBUCHANGJUTIDEPUZI,LIANGZHEDESHIJIYINXIANGXIAOGUOWANQUANYIZHI。YINCI,“YI”ZICHANG“CHI”ZIDEYINGAOYINGWEIERPUZIZHIJIANDEHUAYINRUNQIANGXIGUANSUOZHI。

                                      2.“GONG”ZICHANG“HE”ZIDEYINGAO,CHUXIANZAI《SANZHUXIANG》《BAXIANZUIJIU》《XIAOQIAOKUZHOU》《SIZIMANZHOU》ZHONG。

                                    牛牛游戏厅安卓,{原始关键词}   “GONG”ZICHANG“HE”ZIYINGAODEYUANYINWEI:YANCHANGSHI,“GONG”ZIZUO“HUIHUAYINRUNQIANG”,YUXIFANGLELIDE“HUIHUAYIN”BUTONGZHICHUZAIYU,“GONG”ZIRUNQIANGSHI,SHIJIYINGAOQIYU“HE”,HUAZHI“GONG”,ZAIHUIHUAZHI“HE”ZIYINGAO,LEISIYUXIAOSANDUDEHUIHUAYINDEXIAOGUO,ZHEIZHONGRUNQIANGFANGSHI,SHIDEYINZHENGTIDETINGJUEXIAOGUOWEI“HE”ZIDEYINGAO,ERJIPUPUZIRENGWEI“GONG”ZI。

                                      “YI”HE“GONG”LIANGGEPUZIZAIYANCHANGSHICHUXIANDEYANCHANGYINGAOYUPUZIYINGAOBUYIZHIDEQINGKUANGCUNZAIYUHENDUOLEQUZHIZHONG。SIQIYUANYIN,BUSHI“CHANGCUO”,ERSHI“FENGGE”SUOZHI。

                                      三、结语

                                    牛牛游戏厅安卓,{原始关键词}   TONGGUOYISHANGDEFENXI,WOMENKEYIKANCHUZHANGGENYOUYANCHANG“HAISHENGONGCHIQU”DERUNQIANGXIGUAN,QIHUAYINRUNQIANG、“AIAI”RUNQIANGHEBOYINRUNQIANGZHONGCHENGXIANCHULAIDERUNQIANGXIGUANBAOZHENGLEZHEIXIELEQUFENGGEDETONGYI。

                                    牛牛游戏厅安卓,{原始关键词}   BENWENSUOFENXIDERUNQIANGFANGSHI,SUIWEIJIANGUOQIANYANSHISHIFANGLOUCUNHAISHENLESHEDERUNQIANGXIGUAN,DANJUZHANGGENYOUJIANG,LAOYIBEIYIRENJINGCHANGYUZHOUBIANHAISHENLEYIRENJIAOLIU。ZAIJIASHANGZHONGDUODEHAISHENSHEJINGCHANGZAI“GUANLINMIAOHUI”DENGCHANGSUOYITONGYANCHU,YINCI,JIANGUOQIANBUTONGHAISHENSHEDEYINLEFENGGEBIRANSHIXIANGHUYINGXIANGDE。YINCI,BENWENDERUNQIANGFENXIYINGGAIDUIHAISHENLEYINLEFENGGEDEBAWOYOUJIAODADEJIEJIANYIYI。

                                    牛牛游戏厅安卓,{原始关键词}   DUIYUQILELEZHONGDECHUANCHENGERYAN,RENYUANXUQIULIANGDA、HUODONGZUZHINANDUDA、JINGFEIXUQIUDADENGDOUSHIQICHUANCHENGZHONGDEZULI。YINCI,HAIXURENMENGONGTONGNULI。

                                      参考文献

                                    牛牛游戏厅安卓,{原始关键词}   [1]DONGWEISONG.LUNRUNQIANG[J].ZHONGGUOYINLE,2004,(04):62.

                                      注释

                                      1张根有1940年开始随偃师市方楼村海神乐社社长方奎娃学习海神工尺曲演唱和笛、管的演奏。
                                      2《海神工尺曲》的详细介绍见笔者的《洛阳<海神工尺曲>音乐形态初探》。
                                      3为了方便观察节奏,本文在工尺谱字下使用简谱的节奏符号。
                                      4空拍处均有谱字,下同。
                                      5“复波音润腔”和“迟到复波音”与现代乐理中的“复波音”不同,波动次数较多,一般波动三次以上;“迟到单波音”和“迟到复波音”为该谱字唱出一段时值后再做波音处理。

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