牛牛游戏厅安卓,{原始关键词}

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                        1. 当前位置: 代写一篇论文多少钱 > 艺术论文 > 《寄生虫》电影中的隐喻表达及其内涵

                          《寄生虫》电影中的隐喻表达及其内涵

                          时间:2020-05-06 10:19作者:贺天润
                          本文导读:这是一篇关于《寄生虫》电影中的隐喻表达及其内涵的文章,在生物学中,“寄生虫”是一种可作为病原体或作为介质传播疾病的低等真核生物,具有致病性,可以依附于宿主体内外以维持生存。

                            摘    要:牛牛游戏厅安卓,{原始关键词} 韩国导演奉俊昊执导的电影《寄生虫》在包括第72届戛纳国际电影节、第92届奥斯卡金像奖等国际数十个电影大奖评选中荣获55个奖项,并成为首部获得奥斯卡最佳影片的亚洲电影。奉俊昊导演延续了以往的风创作风格,依旧将触角深入现实底层民众生活,极致化地展现阶级对立,并将隐喻作为重要叙事手段。特将通过对本片文本的隐喻叙事以及社会符码建构分析,探寻影片在现实关照下的社会价值与传达出的人文关怀。

                            关键词: 奉俊昊; 隐喻叙事; 社会符码;

                            一、寄生虫隐喻的镜头化表达

                            ZAISHENGWUXUEZHONG,“JISHENGCHONG”SHIYIZHONGKEZUOWEIBINGYUANTIHUOZUOWEIJIEZHICHUANBOJIBINGDEDIDENGZHENHESHENGWU,JUYOUZHIBINGXING,KEYIYIFUYUSUZHUTINEIWAIYIWEICHISHENGCUN。DAOYANFENGJUNHAOJIANGQIZUOWEIDIANYINGMINGCHENGBINGNEIHUAWEIQUANPIANDEXUSHIXIANSUO。ZHEISHICHUANLIANZHENGBUYINGPIANDEZHUXIAN,YESHIBENPIANZUIDADEYIGEYINYU,YINYUSHENCHUPOSHEZHANGJIASHENFENWUFABAOLUZAIYANGGUANGXIADEJIYUYIJIAYUWENGUANGFUFU,GUOZHEJIQUTARENYINGYANGDEJISHENGCHONGYIBANDESHENGHUO。YINGPIANYUNDONGFENGFUDEJINGTOUYUYAN,TONGGUOBUTONGJINGBIEHESHIJIAO,JIANGRUJISHENGCHONGBANSHENGHUODERENDEZHUANGTAIZHANXIANDELINLIJINZHI。

                            比如,电影中段,金家四口趁朴家人外出时以“主人”的身份占有并使用朴社长夫妇的豪宅,几人在餐桌上举杯畅饮,场面一派“温情”,妻子调侃基泽若遇到朴社长一定会如蟑螂般逃走,基泽震怒,头一次感到自尊被别人踩在脚下。在而后一组在地面拍摄的镜头中,导演采用了匍匐在地观察的视角,朴社长夫妇在客厅的沙发上熟睡,基泽从沙发跟前的茶几下面以双手撑地,将身体滑出茶几,又匍匐逃走的样态和蟑螂如出一辙。而当小儿子多颂将朴社长夫妇叫醒时,基泽居然全然没有被前者发现,暗示基泽之于朴家人真的就像是蟑螂之于人类———低等昆虫之于高等动物。还有一组远景镜头更加耐人寻味,远景镜头越过庭院墙根的园艺草丛,以旁观者视角从远处聚焦室内的场景:当基泽一家与雯光夫妻抢夺手机时,就好似几只蟑螂在抢夺食物一般,而朴家的几只家养宠物狗恰好在此时出现。这组镜头似乎在说明,此时的基泽一家、雯光夫妻与抢夺食物的蟑螂、闹腾的狗没有本质区别。同时,室外的阴郁色调与室内的暖色调形成鲜明对比,更加强了室内场景的荒诞感。而后,天降大雨,基泽和一对儿女从地势较高的朴家豪宅一路顺着室外延伸的长楼梯向下慌张地逃回家,远景镜头将被雨淋得浑身湿透的父子三人如蟑螂般狼狈逃窜的样子刻画地入木三分。以上这些人类行为内化为蟑螂生存状态的镜头与片名“寄生虫”的文本传达出一致内涵:穷人像蟑螂一般寄生于富人家,而富人视他们如蟑螂一般,富人和穷人这两个所谓的阶层之间可以对话的可能性已经被完全消弭。
                           

                          《寄生虫》电影中的隐喻表达及其内涵
                           

                            二、二元叙事展现阶级对立

                          牛牛游戏厅安卓,{原始关键词}   JISHENGCHONGBANDEJINJIARENHEWENGUANGFUQIDEXINGWEIDONGXIANYIJIMAODUNCHONGTUGUANCHUANQUANPIAN,QINGJIEZHUXIANDETUIJINYEYIJIYUYIJIAWEIZHUYAOXUSHISHIJIAO,PIANZHONGSUOYISHEJIDEYINYUQUANBUSHIDUI“JISHENGCHONG”ZHEIYIYINYUDEJINYIBUCHANSHU。TONGSHI,DAOYANZAIXUSHIGUOCHENGZHONG,“YOUYISHIDIJIANGXUSHIYUANSUJINXINGGUILEI,JIEYONGERYUANDUILIDEXUSHICELVELAICHANSHENGQINGJIELUOCHAYUXIJUZHANGLI,JINERSHENHUAZHUTI,QIANGDIAOYUJIEJUEWENTI。”[1]

                            (一)奇石盆景

                          牛牛游戏厅安卓,{原始关键词}   DIYIGEYINYU,SHIJIYUDEYOURENMINHESONGJITADE“QISHI”。“QISHI”YEZUOWEIJIYUXINLIHUODONGDEXIANSUOZAISHOUWEIDIANTI。ZAIGUSHIQIANDUAN,SHENSHIHAO、XUELIGAODEHAOYOUMINHESONGLAIDEZHEIKUAISHITOUDUIYUJIYULAISHUOSHIYIKUAIBAOGUIDEXINGYUNSHI,KEYIWEIZIJIHEJIARENDAILAI“ZUIDUODECAIYUNHEKAOYUN”,TUOLIQIONGKUDESHENGHUO。RANERDANGTAFAXIANSUOWEIDE“QISHI”ZHIBUGUOCHANJINZAZHIDEPUTONGSHIKUAI,TATURANYISHIDAOZIJIJIUXIANGZHEIKUAIZHIDIBUCHUNDESHITOUYIYANG,YU“GAOGUI”XIANGQUSHENYUAN,YINWEITABIAOMIANSHANGHAOSIZHENDEMINGXIAOYANSHIDAXUEGAOCAISHENGYIYANG,QISHIZHISHIYIZHIXUYAOKAOJISUZAIFURENJIALIJIQUYANGFENCAIDEYISHENGCUNDEJISHENGCHONG。

                            TAYECENGXIANGPIANQUPOJIANVERDUOHUIDEAIQING,BINGYICIZUOWEISHUNLIDARUPOJIADECHOUMA,RANERJIAJINGYOUWOQUEYOUDANCHUNDEDUOHUISHIWUFALIJIEJIYUNEIXINDE,ERRENZHIJIANHENGZHEYIDAOWUFAYUYUEDEHONGGOU,JISHIMIANDUIMIANYEXIANGSHILIANGGESHIJIEDEREN。JIYUCENGHUANXIANGZIJITONGGUOZAIPOSHEZHANGJIAGONGZUOCONGERBURUSHANGLIUSHEHUIDEMEIMENGPOMIELE,JIEJILUOYINLAOLAOYINZAIJIYUSHENSHANG,WUFAMOQU。YINGPIANZUIHOUJIYUDEMENGJINGNAIRENXUNWEI,TAMENGDAOZIJIJIANGSHITOUSONGRUHEZHONG,BINGQIEZHUANGOULEZUYIMAIXIATAHEJIARENCENGJISHENGGUODENEIZUOHAOZHAI,CHENGLEHAOZHAIDEZHUREN。RANER,ZHEIZHISHIGEXUWUPIAOMIAODEMENGJING。

                            (二)“味道”

                            DIERGEYINYU,SHI“WEIDAO”。BENPIANZHONG,“WEIDAO”JUYOULIANGGECENGMIANDEHANYI。DIYICENGHANYI,SHIJUZHUZAIBANDIXIADEJIZEYIJIAHEZHUZAIBUJIANTIANRIDEHAOZHAIDIXIASHIDEWENGUANGFUQI,TAMENSHENSHANGYINWEIJUZHUHUANJINGDEYINANCHAOSHIBINGQIECONGSHIDALIANGTILILAODONGERSHENGCHUDEYIWEI。LINGYICENGHANYIZESHISHENCENGCIDE,SHITAMENZUOWEIQIONGRENYUFURENJIEJIDUILIKAILAIDEYIZHONGBIAOZHENG,SHIYIZHONGJIEJIMAODUN。ERJIZEBIANSHIZAIYINGPIANZUIHOUSHIJIEJIMAODUNCHEDIBAOFADEGUANJIANRENWU。WENGUANGFUQIDUONIANJISHENGZAIPOJIA,YOUQISHIWENGUANGZHANGFU,SINIANZHONGSHIZHONGYUWAIJIEGEJUE,JIHUSANGSHILESHEHUISHUXING,JINKAOWENGUANGTOUTOUCONGANDAOSONGLAIDEZHURENJIADESHENGFANWEICHISHENGMING,TAMENERRENDEMUDEJINSHIHUOXIAQU。ERJIZEZEBUTONG,TASUICHUYUSHEHUIDICENG,DANZUOWEIYIJIAZHIZHU,TARENGRANBAOYOUZIZUN,NEIXINSHENCHURENGYOUDUIYUCAIFUDEQIANGLIEYUWANG,BINGQIEKEWANGTUNSHIZIJIDEJIZHU。YINCI,DANGGEZHONGMAODUNBEIJIHUA,JIZENEIXINYAYIDUONIANDEYUWANGZHONGYUBAOFA。ZAIDUOCICONGPOSHEZHANGDUIZIJIDETAIDUHEFANYINGGANDAOLAIZIFURENJIEJIDEQISHIHOU,MAODUNZHUJIANJIHUA。YINGPIANHOUDUAN,YOUWENGUANGZHANGFUYINQIDEXUEANXIANCHANG,POSHEZHANGNIEZHUBIZIDANGZHUXUEXINGWEIZHEIYIXINGWEICHENGWEIDAOHUOSUO,JIZENUHUOYUYAYIYIJIUDEYUWANGZHONGYUBEIDIANRAN,ZUIZHONGJIANGDAOZHAJINLEPOSHEZHANGDEZUOXIONG。

                            (三)台阶

                            ZAIFENGJUNHAODEDIANYINGZHONG,PINFUJIECENGTONGCHANGSHITONGGUOYINGPIANZHONGDEMOUGEZHONGYAOYIXIANGLAIHUAFENDE,RU《XUEGUOLIECHE》SHIYICHEXIANGSHUNXUPAILIE,《YUZI》TONGGUOHANGUOSHANLIFANGYANHEYINGYUDEDUIZHAOLAIQUFEN,ER《JISHENGCHONG》ZESHITONGGUOTAIJIEZHEIYIZAIYINGPIANZHONGLVCICHUXIANDEYIXIANGJIANGPINFUJIECENGXIANGLIAN。BAOYUZHIYE,JINJIAFUZISANRENCONGPOSHEZHANGJIACANGHUANGTAOCHU,YILUYANZHEXIAXINGDETAIJIEBENHUIBANDIXIADEZIJIJIA,JIURUZHANGLANGSHUNZHEJINSHUGUANDAOTAOCUANYIBAN。XIAXINGTAIJIEZAIHEIANYINSENDEYUYEZHONGFANZHELENGYANDEJINSHUGUANGZE,XINGCHENGJUDADESHIJUECHONGJILI。ZHEIYITAOPAOGUOCHENG,QIAOMIAOZHANSHILEDICENGRENWUCONGPINMINGWANGSHANGJIDESHANGLIUJIECENGHUIDAOZIJIYUANBENJINGDI、DIEHUIYUANXINGSHIRUCIJIANDANQINGQIAO。TONGSHI,DAOYANYONGSHENGGEJINGTOUZHANSHIZHONGSHUZAIPOJIAJIANGWENGUANGCONGTONGWANGDIXIASHIDETAIJIECHUAIXIADEGUOCHENG,WENGUANGZAIDIERUDIXIAKONGJIANHOUBEISHUAIDETOUPOXUELIU。JINJIAFUZIHEWENGUANGDE“XIAXING”,SHIDUIHANGUOXIANSHISHEHUIJIEJIXIANZHUANGZUISHENGDONGDEBIAOZHENG———FURENJIECENGGAOGAOZAISHANG,XIACENGRENWUFEIJINZHOUZHEPADAOSHANGCENGSHEHUIHOU,QUEYOUBEIXIANSHICHUIDADEZHONGXINDIERUDICENG。YOUCIKEJIAN,ZAIHANGUO,JIEJIHONGGOUCONGWEIBEITIANPING。

                            三、辛辣的现实主义社会符码建构

                            YUQISHUO《JISHENGCHONG》SHIYIBUXIANSHIZHUYIYINGPIAN,WUNINGSHUOTASHIYIZESHEHUIYUYAN。TAYUNYONGSHEHUIXUEMOXINGHEFUHAOXUEYUANLI,JIANGOULEYITAODUTEDESHEHUIFUMA:FURENWENHUAJISHENGYUMEIGUOERKAOQIWEIYUBANDIXIASHIQIONGRENGELI;DIXIASHIQIONGRENTONGGUOCHUSUOGELIYUBANDIXIASHIQIONGRENERYOUZAIXINYANGSHANGJISHENGYUCHAOXIAN。YUHANGUOSHEHUIXIXIXIANGGUANDE“MEIGUO”HE“CHAOXIAN”ZUOWEILIANGGEZHENGZHIFUMA,FENBIEWEIYUZHEIZEYUYANDEZUIDINGDUANHEZUIDIDUAN,“ZHENGFUWUZUOWEIDE‘SHEHUIYITI’FAWENYIJIHANMEILISHIYILIUWENTIDEKAOLIANGGUOXIEQIZHONG,ZAIWUXINGZHIZHONGJIANGHANGUODELISHIDIWEIYUMINZHONGDUIDUCAIHEQIANGQUANDEBUMANYUFENMENQIAOMIAODITONGGUOYINGPIANWAIHUACHULAI。”[2]POJIANANZHURENZAIYIJIAMEISHANGZHUZIDEDIANZIQIYEGONGZHI,JIAZHONGZHUANGHUANGFENGGESHIXISHIDE,XIAOERZIDUOSONGSHIMEIGUO“TONGZIJUN”CHENGYUAN,XIAIDUIYINDIANRENJINXINGJIAOSEBANYAN,QIHUIHUAJUYOUNONGHOUDEXIFANGLITIZHUYIHUIHUAFENGGE,NANNVZHURENRENWEI“MEIGUOZHIZAO”DEZHANGPENGSHIZHIDEXINLAIDE。XIANSHIYESHIRUCI,MEIGUOWENHUAQUANFANGWEILONGZHAOZHEHANGUOFURENJIECENG,HOUZHEZAIYISHUSHENMEIHESHENGHUOYONGPINXUANZEFANGMIANDUOYIMEISHIWEIZHU,BIAOMINGHANGUOZAIHENDACHENGDUSHANG“JISHENG”YUMEIGUO。

                            “JIHUA”SHIDIANYINGZHONGYOUYIGELVCISHEJIDEMUTI,“QIONGRENSHIMEIYOUJIHUADE”,DAIBIAOZHEQIONGRENJIECENGDEYIZHONGPUBIANDESHENGHUOTAIDU,KEYIJIEDUWEITAMENLANDUO、DEGUOQIEGUO。ERTONGYANG“MEIYOUJIHUA”、JUZHUBANDIXIADEJIZEYUZHUZAIPOJIADIXIASHIDEWENGUANGLAOGONGYOUCUNZAIYIDAOGELIJIZHI。JIZEYOUZHANYOUFURENZIYUAN、BAITUOPINQIONGMINGYUNDEQIANGLIEYUANWANG,SUOYITASHALEPOSHEZHANG。ERZHONGRIHUOZAIDIXIADEWENGUANGLAOGONGQUE“MEIYOURENHEJIHUA”,SHENZHIBIAOSHIZAILIMIAN“GUODEHENSHUFU”,GANENDAIDEDIBAFURENJIATINGDANGZUOZIJIDESUZHU。JIUZHEIYANG,BANDIXIASHIQIONGRENTONGGUOCHUSUOGELIYUDIXIASHIQIONGREN。ERZHESUIRANDOUYIGEZHONGXINGSHIZAIFURENJIATING“JISHENG”,DANGUIGENJIEDI,RENGRANYOUZHE“DIXIA”HE“BANDIXIA”ZHIFEN,ZHUBANDIXIADEJINJIAZHISHIQIONG,ERZHUZAIDIXIADEWENGUANGJIAQUEHAIXUYAOCHANGHAIZHIQIANDEZHAIWU。YINCIXIACENGDEZHEILIANGZHERENGWUFAJIANLIDUIHUA,SHENZHIGENGJIASIYIDIHUXIANGSHANGHAI。YUSHI,TAMENJIANGSHANGLIUDEYIZHIZUOWEIZIJIYIZHIDEZHUZAI,SHITUTONGGUOJINGSHENSHANGDEMANZUXIAOJIEWUZHIPINQIONGDAILAIDEKUMEN。WENGUANGFUQIJIANGJINGSHENXINYANGJITUOYUCHAOXIANYIZHI,TAMENDESHENSHANGDAIZHEZIBENZHUYIZHONGRENXINGEDEBUFEN,QUEZAILINSIQIANXIANGCHOURENSHIFANGLESHANNIAN,“NEIGEDAJIE(ZHIZHONGSHU)YUANBENSHIGEHAOREN。”

                          牛牛游戏厅安卓,{原始关键词}   ZHEIZESHEHUIYUYANYONGLIAOLIAOSHUBIGOUJIANLEHANGUOZIBENSHEHUIFENCENGMOXING,DUIYUFUMADESHEZHIYEJINGQIAODUDAO,ZHANXIANCHUDAOYANYIXIAOJIANDADEXUSHIGONGDI。TONGSHI,ZAIBIAOXIANSHOUFASHANG,YINGPIANYONGCHAOXIANSHIZHUYISHOUFADUIRENWUJIAOSEJINXINGHUANGDANHUACHULI,SHIDERENWUXINGXIANGGENGJIALITIFENGMAN。LINGYIFANGMIAN,BENPIANSUIRANJIANGGUSHILANBENZHIYUHANGUOBENTU,DANQIWENBENRENGRANJUYOUKUADIYUKUAWENHUADEPUSHIXING。YINCI,BENPIANNENGGOUHUODEYOUXIFANGSHIJIEHUAYUZHUDAODEAOSIKAJINXIANGJIANGDEQINGLAI,HENDACHENGDUSHANGZAIYUQIJIYUBENTUWENHUAJINXINGDUOYUANWENHUAXUSHI,ZHEISHISHEHUIXUEZHUANYECHUSHENDEFENGJUNHAOTONGGUOSHEHUIFUMAGOUJIANDEYOUYIGESHEHUIXUEMOXING。

                            四、结语

                          牛牛游戏厅安卓,{原始关键词}   NENGYINFAGUANZHONGGONGMINGDEDIANYINGZUOPIN,YIDINGSHIGUANZHAOXIANSHIDEZUOPIN。FENGJUNHAODAOYANSHANYUYONGZHENSHILENGJINGDESHIJIAOJUJIAODANGXIALAIZHANXIANSHEHUISHENGHUODEYANKE,CONGERYINFADUIYUDANGXIAHANGUOSHEHUIQINGNIANQUNTISHENGCUNKUNJINGYUJINGSHENKUNJINGDEGUANZHU。SHEHUIXUEZHUANYECHUSHENDEFENGJUNHAOYOUYUZISHENJIAOGAODESHEHUIMINGANDU,YINCIGENGNENGGOUWAJUEQIANZANGZAIYINGPIANBEIHOUDEYANSUSHEHUIHUATI,YINCI,ZAIYINGPIANZUIHOU,RENJIDE、RENYUSHEHUIJIANDEDUIKANGHETUOXIETONGTONGNEIHUAZAILEZHEICHANGHUANGDANDEBEIJUZHONG。FENGJUNHAOCENGZAISHOUFANGSHIBIAOSHI:“SHEIDOUBUSHICONGYIKAISHIJIUSHIJISHENGCHONG。TAMENBENLAISHIWOMENDELINJU,PENGYOU,ZHISHIZAIBUJINGYIJIANBEITUIDAOLEXUANYADEBIANYUAN。”ZHEIYEBIAODALEDAOYANDECHUANGZUODONGJI,JIANGSHIJIAOJUJIAOYUHANGUOBENTUSHEHUIDEDICENGJIATING,BINGYONGJINHUJIDUANHUADERENWUSHEDINGHEYISHUSHOUDUANLAICHENGXIANSHEHUIPUBIANXIANZHUANG。TONGSHI,FENGJUNHAOYEYIZHIZAISHITUTONGGUOYINGXIANGHUADEXUSHI,ZAIBUTONGSHEHUIJIECENGJIANZHAOXUNYIZHONGWEIMIAODEPINGHENG。ZAIHUANGDANYINGXIANGDEBEIHOU,CHUANDACHUDESHIDAOYANYIZHIYILAIDUISHEHUIDICENGQUNTIBAOYOUDEYINQIERENWENGUANHUAI,HESHEHUIDICENGQUNTIGONGQING,BINGJIYUQIZUIJIBENDEZUNZHONGHEBANGZHU,YOUQISHIBANGZHUTAMEN“JINGSHENTUOPIN”,DAGAICAISHIBENPIANZHENZHENGXIANGYAOCHUANDADEZUIHEXINDEJIAZHIGUAN。

                            参考文献

                            [1] 李冰.奉俊昊电影研究[D].山东师范大学,2016.
                            [2] 夏颖.奉俊昊电影的叙事与文化思索[J].视听,2019(2):52.

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