牛牛游戏厅安卓,{原始关键词}

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                  • 当前位置: 代写一篇论文多少钱 > 医学论文 > 小儿肠道蛔虫症的高频超声图像特征及运用

                    小儿肠道蛔虫症的高频超声图像特征及运用

                    时间:2020-02-13 11:17作者:谢春彦 魏海东 康晓慢
                    本文导读:这是一篇关于小儿肠道蛔虫症的高频超声图像特征及运用的文章,虫卵随患者的粪便排出进入到环境中,若温度适宜2周内即可发育为成熟虫卵,而后成熟虫卵随田地里的蔬菜等食物在清洁不足的情况下一起被吃进人体内,虽然大部分会被胃酸杀死,但仍有少部分会进入小肠发育为幼虫。

                      摘    要: 目的:探讨小儿肠道蛔虫症的高频超声图像特征及高频超声在该疾病中的应用方法及应用价值。方法:选取2017年1月~2019年6月收治的门诊或住院儿童患者32例,进行彩色多普勒高频超声检查,并对患者进行随访、复查及检查结果分析。结果:32例患儿超声检查肠腔内均可见一条或多条蛔虫样回声,6例患儿检测出蛔虫扭曲聚团而形成的肠梗阻,2例患儿检测出伴有肠系膜淋巴结肿大,经驱虫治疗后32例患儿均排出虫卵,粪便检查均可找到蛔虫,腹痛症状均见缓解或消失,高频超声复查未见蛔虫样回声。结论:高频超声诊断直观、简便、病症图像特异、无副作用,可为儿童肠道蛔虫症的诊断提供直接依据,临床诊断价值较高,可作为首选的诊断儿童肠道蛔虫症的影像学方法。

                      关键词:牛牛游戏厅安卓,{原始关键词} 高频超声; 儿童肠道蛔虫症; 诊断;

                      ERTONGCHANGDAOHUICHONGZHENGSHIZUICHANGJIANDEERTONGJISHENGCHONGBINGZHIYI,DADUOFASHENGYUNONGCUNDIQU,CHUANRANYUANSHIHUICHONGGANRANZHE。CHONGLUANSUIHUANZHEDEFENBIANPAICHUJINRUDAOHUANJINGZHONG,RUOWENDUSHIYI2ZHOUNEIJIKEFAYUWEICHENGSHUCHONGLUAN,ERHOUCHENGSHUCHONGLUANSUITIANDILIDESHUCAIDENGSHIWUZAIQINGJIEBUZUDEQINGKUANGXIAYIQIBEICHIJINRENTINEI,SUIRANDABUFENHUIBEIWEISUANSHASI,DANRENGYOUSHAOBUFENHUIJINRUXIAOCHANGFAYUWEIYOUCHONG[1]。CHANGDAOHUICHONGZHENGDEBINGZHENGZHUYAOYOUCHONGTICHANSHENGDEJIXIEXINGCIJIHECHONGTIDEFENMIHEDAIXIECHANWUYINQI,QIPUBIANZHENGZHUANGWEISHANGFUTONGHUOQIZHOUFUTONG,BUFENHUANZHEHUICHUXIANFUXIE、EXIN、OUTUDENGZHENGZHUANG。DUIYUERTONG,CHANGDAOHUICHONGZHENGHAIHUIYINDAOZHIYINGYANGBULIANG、FANFUKUNAO、JINGSHENBUAN、SHIMIANMOYADENGZHENGZHUANG。CHANGDAONEIDEHUICHONGYIBANCHUYUJINGZHIZHUANGTAI,SHOUDAOJITIPAIYIMIANYIFANYINGDENGCIJIHOU,HUICHONGYICHUXIANSAODONGHETINEIYIXING,JIERYINQIDANDAOHUICHONGZHENG、CHANGGENGZUDENGGENGYANZHONGDEJIBING[2]。SUOYI,ERTONGCHANGDAOHUICHONGZHENGDEYUFANG、ZAOQIZHENDUANHEZHILIAOSHIJIWEIZHONGYAODE。WOMENYINGJIAQIANGDUIGUANGDAQUNZHONGYIXUEZHISHIDEPUJIHEDUIERTONGLIANGHAOYINSHIXIGUANDEPEIYANG,TIXINGHAIZIWUCHISHENGSHI、WUKENSHOUZHI、QINXISHOU、QINJIANZHIJIA。ZAIMUQIAN,YINGYONGZUIGUANGDEJIANCEFANGFAWEIBINGYUANXUEJIANCHA,JIFENBIANTUPIANJIANCHA,TONGGUOJIANCHAHUANZHEFENBIANNEIYOUWUCHONGLUANJINXINGPANDUAN。GAIFANGFACUNZAIYIDINGLOUZHENLV,DUIZAIDABIANZHONGWEIZHAODAOCHONGLUANDEHUANZHEYIZAOCHENGWUZHEN。GAOPINCHAOSHENGZHIGUAN、JIANBIAN、WUFUZUOYONG,NENGWEILINCHUANGZHENDUANTIGONGKEKAOYIJU。BENYANJIUDUI2017~2019NIAN32LILINCHUANGZHENDUANWEICHANGDAOHUICHONGZHENGDEHUANERJINXINGGAOPINCHAOSHENGJIANCHAJITUXIANGFENXI,ZHIZAITANTAOXIAOERCHANGDAOHUICHONGZHENGDEGAOPINCHAOSHENGTUXIANGTEZHENGJIGAOPINCHAOSHENGZAIGAIJIBINGZHONGDEYINGYONGFANGFAJIYINGYONGJIAZHI。

                      1 、材料和方法

                      1.1、研究对象

                      XUANQUWOYUAN2017NIAN1YUE~2019NIAN6YUEMENZHENHUOZHUYUANHUANZHE32LI,NIANLING2~12SUI,YINKUNAOBUZHI、FUTONG、FUZHANGERJIUYI,QIZHONGNANXING18LI,NVXING14LI。YIJULINCHUANGZHENGZHUANGJIFENBIANJIANCHAZHAODAOHUICHONGLUANERZHENDUANWEIERTONGCHANGDAOHUICHONGZHENG。

                      1.2、研究方法

                    牛牛游戏厅安卓,{原始关键词}   SHIYONGFEILIPUHDI-4000HEALOKAα-10CAISEDUOPULECHAOSHENGYI,TANTOUPINLV6-12MHz。SHIHUANZHEYANGWO,WANQUANBAOLUFUBU,JIANGGAOPINTANTOUZHIYUFUBU,CONGSHANGDAOXIA,CONGZUOZHIYOUFANFUSAOCHA,GUANCHACHANGQIANGJIQIZHOUWEIQINGKUANG,ZHUYIGUANCHABINGBIANQUYU,JIANCHACHANGGUANKUOZHANGQINGKUANG,CHANGGUANNEIYOUWUHUICHONGHUISHENG,CHANGQIANGZHOUWEISHIFOUYOULINBAJIEZHONGDA。

                      2 、结 果

                      32例患儿在高频超声检查中均可见一条或多条类似平行管样蛔虫回声,小肠均有不同程度的扩张。蛔虫回声长轴显示为一条或多条高回声带伴随一条低回声带。短轴显示为外圈环形高回声和内部低回声形成的空心环形的“环靶”样特征。其外圈环形高回声为蛔虫虫体壁,内部低回声为蛔虫消化道。检查时可见蛔虫蠕动。32例患儿中有6例由于蛔虫在肠道内扭曲成团而形成肠梗阻,2例患儿伴随有肠系膜淋巴结肿大的症状。经驱虫治疗后,32例患儿症状均见缓解或消失,复查后未见肠管内平行管样蛔虫回声带。2例伴有淋巴结肿大的患儿给予抗炎治疗后见淋巴结肿大症状消失。
                     

                    小儿肠道蛔虫症的高频超声图像特征及运用
                     

                      3 、讨 论

                      ERTONGCHANGDAOHUICHONGZHENGSHIYOUYUWUSHIDAOZHIHUICHONGJISHENGYUERTONGTINEIYINQI,JINNIANDEYIYUSHENGHUOSHUIPINGHEWEISHENGTIAOJIANDEGAISHAN,QIFABINGLVYICHENGXIAJIANGQUSHI。DANWOMENRENGBUKEDIAOYIQINGXIN,ERTONGCHANGDAOHUICHONGZHENGRENGSHIZUICHANGJIANDEERTONGJISHENGCHONGBINGZHIYI。BINGYUANXUEJIANCHAHEXUECHANGGUIJIANCHASHIYIWANGDUICHANGDAOHUICHONGBINGZUICHANGYONGDEZHENDUANFANGFA。BINGYUANXUEJIANCHASHICAIJIHUANZHEFENBIANZHIJIETUPIAN,YIZAITUPIANZHONGZHAODAOHUICHONGLUANWEIZHIJIEYIJU,DANGAIFANGFAJIANCHULVJINZAI80%ZUOYOU,RONGYIZAOCHENGLOUZHEN[3]。XUECHANGGUIJIANCHASHITONGGUOJIANCEHUANZHEXUEYEZHONGSHISUANXINGLIXIBAOHANLIANGSHIFOUZENGGAOLAIJINXINGPANDUAN,GAIFANGFAJINKEZUOWEIFUZHUZHENDUAN,WUFATIGONGQUEZHENDEZHIJIEYIJU。BUTONGYUBINGYUANXUEJIANCHAHEXUECHANGGUIJIANCHA,YINGXIANGXUEJIANCHAJUYOUZHIGUAN、NENGGOUFANYINGYUANWEIQINGKUANGDEYOUDIAN。HUICHONGSHIRENTICHANGDAOZHONGJISHENGDETIXINGZUIDADEJISHENGCHONG,QIXIONGCHONGZHANGYUE15~31 cm,ZUIKUANCHUZHIJINGYUE2~4 mm,CICHONGZHANGYUE20~35 cm,ZUIKUANCHUZHIJINGYUEWEI3~6 mm[4]。PUTONGFUBUCHAOSHENGPINLVYIBANWEI2~3.5 MHz,QICHUANTOULIJIAOHAO,DANFENBIANLVJIAODI。GAOPINCHAOSHENGPINLVYIBANZAI7 MHzYISHANG,FENBIANLVGENGGAO,NENGGOUJIAOWEIZHUNQUEDEXIANSHIHUANZHECHANGDAONEISHIFOUCUNZAIHUICHONG、HUICHONGSHULIANGJIQISUOZAIWEIZHI。YOUYUCHANGDAOHUICHONGZHENGDELINCHUANGZHENGZHUANGYUHUANZHETINEIHUICHONGDESHULIANGJIWEIZHIXIXIXIANGGUAN,GUERGAOPINCHAOSHENGDEZHENDUANFANGFANENGWEILINCHUANGZHENDUANTIGONGGENGWEIZHUNQUEDEXINXI。XIANGJIAOYUQITAZHENDUANFANGFA,GAOPINCHAOSHENGJUYOUTUXIANGQINGXI、BINGZHENGTUXIANGTEYI、CAOZUOJIANDANDENGYOUDIAN。GAOPINCHAOSHENGFENBIANLVJIAOGAOQIEJUYOUJIAOQIANGDECHUANTOUXING,NENGQINGXIDEXIANSHICHANGBIJIEGOU。CHUCIZHIWAIGAOPINCHAOSHENGXIANSHIDEHUICHONGHUISHENGWEIZHANGZHOUPINGXINGGUANZHUANG、DUANZHOUHUANBAZHUANG,QITEZHENGMINGXIAN、RONGYIBIANREN,BINGQIEKEYIGUANCHAHUICHONGSHULIANG、WEIZHI,JUCIHAIKEYIPANDUANCHANGGUANYOUWUKUOZHANG、SHIFOUFASHENGCHANGGENGZU。

                    牛牛游戏厅安卓,{原始关键词}   GAOPINCHAOSHENGDEJIANCEYOUZHUYUDUILINCHUANGSHANGBIAOXIANWEIERTONGFUTONGDEJIBINGJINXINGJIANBIEZHENDUAN。CHANGDAOHUICHONGZHENGYINQIDECHANGGENGZUZAILINCHUANGBIAOXIANSHANGYUCHANGXIMOLINBAJIEYAN、JIXINGLANWEIYAN、CHANGTAODIEJUNBIAOXIANWEIFUTONG,ZHENDUANSHIXUJIAYIJIANBIE[5]。CHANGXIMOLINBAJIEYANDUOFASHENGYU7SUIYIXIAERTONG,YIBANSHIJIFAYUSHANGHUXIDAOGANRANHUOCHANGDAOYANZHENG,CHUFUTONGWAIHAIBANYOUFARE、OUTU、EXIN、FUXIEHUOBIANMIDENGZHENGZHUANG,QIFUTONGYIBANFASHENGYUQIZHOUHUOYOUXIAFU,GUCHAOSHENGXIANSHIWEIQIZHOUHUOYOUXIAFUYOUCHENGTUOYUANXINGDELINBAJIEHUISHENGQIEBIANJIEQINGXI[6]。JIXINGLANWEIYANDEDIANXINGLINCHUANGBIAOXIANWEILANWEICHUYATONGJIZHUANYIXINGYOUXIAFUTONG、FANTIAOTONG,DUOBANYOUEXIN、OUTUDEZHENGZHUANG,DADUOBINGLIHUICHUXIANBAIXIBAOHESHIZHONGXINGLIXIBAOZENGDUO。JIXINGLANWEIYANCHAOSHENGYIBANXIANSHIWEIYOUXIAFUMANGGUANYANGHUISHENG,CHANGGUANBIHOU、BURUDONG,HENGZHOUCHENGHUANBAYANG,ZHOUWEICHANGQIANGCUNZAIJIQI[7]。CHANGTAODIEFENWEIYUANFAXINGHEJIFAXING,YUANFAXINGYIBANDUOFAYU2SUIYIXIAYOUER,JIFAXINGYIBANDUOFAYUCHENGREN,ZHENGZHUANGYIBANWEIFUTONG、OUTU,CHAOSHENGYIBANXIANSHIWEIDUANZHOUTONGXINYUANZHUANGDUOCENGTAODIECHANGGUAN,HOUYUZHENGCHANGCHANGBI[8]。

                      ZAICAOZUOFANGMIAN,GAOPINCHAOSHENGSHISHIJIANDAN,DUIHUANZHEMEIYOUCHUANGSHANG、FUSHEDENGFUZUOYONG,HUANZHERONGYIJIESHOU;ZAIJIEGUOBUQUEDINGSHI,KEYIDUOCIFANFUJINXINGJIANCHA,YEBUHUIDUIHUANZHEYOURENHESHANGHAI;ZAIJIANCHASHI,KEJIANCHACHANGDAODESHISHIDONGTAIQINGKUANG,NENGGENGZHENSHIZHUNQUEDEFANYINGHUANZHEDESHENTIZHUANGKUANG。

                    牛牛游戏厅安卓,{原始关键词}   ZAILINCHUANGSHIJIGONGZUOZHONG,WOMENFAXIANGAOPINCHAOSHENGZHENDUANYOUSHIYEHUICUNZAILOUZHENHUOWUZHENDEQINGKUANG。QIYUANYINDAZHIKEYIFENWEIYIXIAJIDIAN:HUANERFEIPANGHUOCHANGDAOJIQI;YISHIDUIYUGAOPINCHAOSHENGZHENDUANDECAOZUOBUGOUSHULIAN,DAOZHITUXIANGCAIJIBUQUANHUOWEIZHAODAOGUANJIANWEIZHI;YISHIDUIYUGAIJIBINGZHENDUANJINGYANDEQIANQUE,DUIYULEISIHUISHENGWUFAJIANBIEDAOZHILOUZHENHUOWUZHEN。DUIYUHUANERFEIPANGHUOCHANGDAOJIQIYINQIDEHUISHENGGANRAO,KEZAIJIANCHAQIANRANGHUANZHEDUOFUWENSHUI,SHIHUANZHECHANGDAOCHONGYING,JIANGCHANGQIANGZHONGBIANWEIYEXINGANQU。RUCIBUJINKEYIPAICHUCHANGQIANGJIQIDEGANRAO,HAIKEYISHIHUICHONGHUISHENGYUCHANGQIANGHUISHENGDEDUIBIGENGWEIXIANMING。DUIYUYISHICAOZUOBUSHULIANDAOZHIDELOUZHEN,XUYAOYISHIZAILINCHUANGSHIJIANZHONGDUOJILEIJINGYAN。LINGWAI,RUGUODUIZHENDUANJIEGUOBUQUEDINGHUOCAIJITUXIANGBUQINGXIBUQIQUAN,KEZAIJIANCHASHIFANFUGUANCHACAIJI,HUOFUCHAYIQUEREN。ZAIHUANZHEXIAOCHANGCHUXIANKUOZHANGSHI,XIAOCHANGNIANMODEHUANXINGZHOUBIYESHIPINGXINGYANGHUISHENG,RUOYISHIJINGYANBUZU,YIYUHUICHONGHUISHENGHUNXIAO。YIBANQINGKUANGXIA,HUICHONGDEZHANGZHOUHUISHENGCUXIJIAOWEIJUNYUN,DAXIAOYIZHI,ZAIQIRUDONGSHICHENGSHUANGXIANHUOSANXIANJIEGOUGAIBIAN,HUICHONGGUANQIANGHUISHENGZHIJINGYIBANWEI3~6 mm,ERKONGCHANGGUANHUISHENGZHIJINGYIBANDAYU7 mm。CHUCIZHIWAI,XIAOCHANGZHOUBIYUHUICHONGHUISHENGDEFANGXIANGBUTONG,XIAOCHANGZHOUBIDEZHANGZHOUCHUIZHIYUXIAOCHANGZHANGZHOU,ERHUICHONGCHONGTIFANGXIANGYUXIAOCHANGZHANGZHOUFANGXIANGYIZHI。RUGUOZAIJIANCHAQIANHUANZHECHONGFENYINSHUI,CHANGGUANCHONGYING,CHANGBIHUIFENKAI,CHANGQIANGNEIZEXIANSHIWEIYEXINGANQU,QIERUDONGHUIJIAKUAI,CISHIHUICHONGHUISHENGYUCHANGQIANGQUYUGENGJIAFENMING。

                      ZONGSHANGSUOSHU,GAOPINCHAOSHENGZHENDUANJIEGUOZHIGUAN、CAOZUOJIANBIAN、BINGZHENGTUXIANGTEYI、WUFUZUOYONGKEFANFUJIANCHA,NENGGOUWEIERTONGCHANGDAOHUICHONGZHENGDEZHENDUANTIGONGZHIJIEYIJU,LINCHUANGZHENDUANJIAZHIJIAOGAO,KEZUOWEISHOUXUANDEZHENDUANERTONGCHANGDAOHUICHONGZHENGDEYINGXIANGXUEFANGFA。

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                      [3] 朱阿然. 贵阳市2014年中小学生蛔虫感染现状[J]. 中国学校卫生, 2017, 38(1):154-155.
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                      [5] 陶 琦, 彭 梅, 吴梦琦, 等. 超声检查在小儿肠重复畸形诊断与鉴别诊断中的价值[J]. 中国超声医学杂志, 2017,33(7):80-82.
                      [6] 仇美琴, 吴玉琴, 金建文, 等. 彩色多普勒高频超声检查在肺炎支原体感染所致肠系膜淋巴结炎患儿中的诊断价值[J]. 中华医院感染学杂志, 2018, 28(21):150-153.
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