牛牛游戏厅安卓,{原始关键词}

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                  • 当前位置: 代写一篇论文多少钱 > 医学论文 > 射流压力雾化泵和喷雾器对临床雾化的影响

                    射流压力雾化泵和喷雾器对临床雾化的影响

                    时间:2020-04-18 10:19作者:王欢英 许望梅 吴英
                    本文导读:这是一篇关于射流压力雾化泵和喷雾器对临床雾化的影响的文章,雾化吸入作为呼吸系统气道炎症性疾病的首选治疗方法,临床上已经普及。无论是成人呼吸专科、儿科,还是社区卫生服务中心,建立门诊雾化治疗室已经成为呼吸科标准化建设的基本要求。

                      摘    要:牛牛游戏厅安卓,{原始关键词} 背景雾化吸入疗法是呼吸系统疾病的重要治疗方法,临床常见雾化吸入装置有射流压力雾化泵、超声雾化泵以及振动筛孔雾化泵,其中射流压力雾化泵使用率最高。射流压力雾化泵品牌较多,缺乏统一使用标准,国内外报道较少。目的 比较不同射流压力雾化泵及其喷雾器雾化时间和雾化后残余药量的差异。方法 选取呼吸与危重病学科示教室为实验室,于2019-03-15至2019-03-21进行试验。本研究在相同的密闭环境进行,所有射流压力雾化泵及喷雾器经检测符合各自品牌说明书标准,每组雾化10次。分别选用三种射流压力雾化泵a、b、c及其对应的喷雾器a1、b1、c1进行配对组合,分为aa1组、bb1组、cc1组、ab1组、ac1组、ba1组、bc1组、ca1组、cb1组。比较九组10 ml 0.9%氯化钠溶液的雾化时间、雾化后残余药量、平均雾化率。比较aa1、bb1、cc1组4 ml 0.9%氯化钠溶液的雾化时间、雾化后残余药量、平均雾化率。比较aa1、bb1、cc1组10 ml和4 ml 0.9%氯化钠溶液的雾化后残余药量。结果 ab1组10 ml 0.9%氯化钠溶液雾化时间长于aa1、ac1、ba1、bb1、bc1、ca1、cb1、cc1组(P<0.05);aa1组10 ml 0.9%氯化钠溶液雾化后残余药量多于ab1、ac1、ba1、bb1、bc1、ca1、cb1、cc1组(P<0.05);bb1组10 ml 0.9%氯化钠溶液平均雾化率高于aa1、ab1、ac1、ba1、bc1、ca1、cb1、cc1组(P<0.05)。aa1组4 ml 0.9%氯化钠溶液雾化时间长于bb1组和cc1组(P<0.05)。aa1组4 ml 0.9%氯化钠溶液雾化后残余药量多于bb1组和cc1组(P<0.05)。bb1组4 ml 0.9%氯化钠溶液平均雾化率高于aa1组和cc1组(P<0.05)。bb1组4 ml 0.9%氯化钠溶液雾化后残余药量少于10 ml 0.9%氯化钠溶液雾化后残余药量(P<0.05)。结论 不同的射流压力雾化泵和喷雾器雾化时间、雾化后残余药量差异较大,临床上为患者雾化治疗应选择合适的射流压力雾化泵及其配套喷雾器;合理安排每次雾化量和雾化次数,以获得最大治疗效果;各厂家应在说明书中标注射流压力雾化泵和喷雾器的输出压力、输出流量、雾化后残余药量及雾化率等参数,便于临床选择。

                      关键词: 呼吸系统; 肺疾病,慢性阻塞性; 哮喘; 雾化器和汽化器; 疗效比较研究;

                      Abstract: Background Atomization inhalation therapy is an important treatment for diseases of respiratory system.The common atomization inhalation devices include jet atomization pump,ultrasonic atomization pump and vibrating mesh technology,among which jet atomization pump has the highest utilization rate.There are many brands of jet atomization pumps,but there is a lack of unified use standards,and there are few reports on them.Objective To compare the atomization time and residual volume after atomization of different jet-pressure atomization pumps.Methods This study was conducted from March 15 to March 21,2019 in the classroom of Department of Respiratory and Critical Care.All atomization pumps and atomizers were tested under the same confined conditions in accordance with the standards of their respective brand specifications,and each group atomized 10 times.The three pressure jet atomization pumps of a,b and c and their corresponding atomizers of a1,b1,and c1 were paired,which were divided into aa1,bbl,cc1,ab1,ac1,ba1,bc1,ca1 and cb1 groups.The atomization time, residual dosage and average atomization rate of 10 ml 0.9% sodium chloride solution. The atomization time, residual dosage and average atomization rate of 4 ml 0.9% sodium chloride solution in aa1, bb1 and cc1 groups were compared. The residual dosage of 10 ml and 4 ml 0.9% sodium chloride solution in aa1, bb1 and cc1 groups were compared.Results The atomization time of 10 ml 0.9% sodium chloride solution in ab1 group was longer than that of groups of aa1,ac1,ba1,bb1,bc1,ca1,cb1,cc1(P<0.05).The volume after atomization of 10 ml 0.9% sodium chloride solution in aa1 group was more than that of groups of ab1,ac1,ba1,bb1,bc1,ca1,cb1 and cc1(P<0.05).The average atomization rate of 10 ml 0.9% sodium chloride solution in bb1 group was higher than that of groups aa1,ab1,ac1,ba1,bc1,ca1,cb1,cc1(P<0.05).The atomization time of 4 ml 0.9% sodium chloride solution in aa1 group was longer than that in bb1 group and cc1 group(P<0.05).The residual volume after atomization of 4 ml 0.9% sodium chloride solution in aa1 group was more than that in bb1 group and cc1 group(P<0.05).The average atomization rate of 4 ml 0.9% sodium chloride solution in bb1 group was higher than that in aa1 group and cc1 group(P<0.05).The residual volume after atomization of 4 ml 0.9% sodium chloride solution was less than that of 10 ml 0.9% sodium chloride solution after atomization in bb1 group(P<0.05).Conclusion There are great differences in atomization time and residual volume after atomization between different atomization pumps and atomizers.Suitable atomization pump and its supporting atomizer should be selected for atomization treatment of patients.Reasonable arrangement of each atomization amount and atomization times is necessary to obtain the maximum therapeutic effect.Each manufacturer should mark the output pressure,output flow rate,residual volume after atomization,atomization rate and other parameters of atomizing pumps and atomizers in specifications so as to facilitate clinical selection.

                      Keyword: Respiratory system; Pulmonary disease,chronic obstructive; Asthma; Nebulizers and vaporizers; Comparative effectiveness research;

                      本文重点介绍射流压力雾化泵和喷雾器对10 ml和4 ml液体雾化时间和雾化后残余药量的差异,说明射流压力雾化泵和喷雾器对临床雾化的影响。指出患者进行雾化治疗时,应根据不同患者疾病特点、雾化治疗药物剂量、患者呼吸功能状态,依据各射流压力雾化泵和喷雾器输出压力、输出流量、雾化率及雾化后残余药量的具体情况,选择合理的射流压力雾化泵和喷雾器,控制雾化的时间、雾化液剂量及雾化频次,以获得最佳雾化治疗效果。这也是目前雾化指南中提及较少的部分。
                     

                    射流压力雾化泵和喷雾器对临床雾化的影响
                     

                    牛牛游戏厅安卓,{原始关键词}   WUHUAXIRUZUOWEIHUXIXITONGQIDAOYANZHENGXINGJIBINGDESHOUXUANZHILIAOFANGFA,LINCHUANGSHANGYIJINGPUJI[1]。WULUNSHICHENGRENHUXIZHUANKE、ERKE,HAISHISHEQUWEISHENGFUWUZHONGXIN[2,3,4],JIANLIMENZHENWUHUAZHILIAOSHIYIJINGCHENGWEIHUXIKEBIAOZHUNHUAJIANSHEDEJIBENYAOQIU[5,6,7]。WEILEGENGHAODIGUIFANWUHUAZHILIAO,XIANGGUANBUMENYIJINGFABULE《WUHUAXIRULIAOFAZAIHUXIJIBINGZHONGDEYINGYONGZHUANJIAGONGSHI》[8]、《WUHUAXIRULIAOFAJIZHENLINCHUANGYINGYONGZHUANJIAGONGSHI(2018)》[9]、《WULIANWANGFUZHUWUHUAXIRUZHILIAOZHONGGUOZHUANJIAGONGSHI》[10]YIJI《WUHUAXIRULIAOFAHELIYONGYAOZHUANJIAGONGSHI(2019NIANBAN)》[11]DENGZHUANJIAGONGSHI。

                      DANZAILINCHUANGSHIJIGONGZUOZHONG,CHANGHUIYUDAOYIXIEWENTI,RUZAI《WUHUAXIRULIAOFAJIZHENLINCHUANGYINGYONGZHUANJIAGONGSHI(2018)》[9]HE《WUHUAXIRULIAOFAHELIYONGYAOZHUANJIAGONGSHI(2019NIANBAN)》[11]ZHONG,JUNJIANYIMANXINGZUSAIXINGFEIJIBING(XIACHENGMANZUFEI)JIXINGJIAZHONGQIHUANZHEWUHUAXIRUBUDINAIDE6~8 mg(3~4 mg/CI,2CI/d,HUO2 mg/CI,1CI/6 h,LIANHETEBUTALIN5 mg,3CI/d),YIBUDINAIDE1 mg/2 ml、TEBUTALIN5 mg/2 mlJISUAN,HUANZHEMEICIWUHUAZONGJILIANGWEI6~10 ml。YOUYUBUTONGWUHUABENGHEPENWUQIDECHAYI,DAJILIANGWUHUAZHILIAOSHI,WUHUASHIJIAN、WUHUAHOUCANYUYAOLIANGHEPINGJUNWUHUALVCHAYIHUIHENMINGXIAN,JINERYINGXIANGZHILIAOXIAOGUO。BENYANJIUZHIZAITONGGUODUIBIFENXI3ZHONGSHELIUYALIWUHUABENGJIFENBIEPEIDUI3ZHONGPENWUQIDUIBUTONGJILIANG0.9%LVHUANARONGYEDEWUHUAXIAOGUO,SHUOMINGWUHUASHIJIANHEWUHUAHOUCANYUYAOLIANGDECHAYI。

                      1 、材料与方法

                      1.1、 材料

                      WUHUAZHUANGZHI:WUHUABENG(BAIRUITurboBoyXINGYASUOSHIWUHUABENG,FEILIPUCN-B-0103YIYONGYASUOSHIWUHUABENG,OUMULONGNE-C900YASUOSHIWUHUABENG),WUHUAQI(BAIRUILCD-2022G875BXINGJIANYIPENWUQI,FEILIPUJKY-ⅤXINGPENWUQI,OUMULONGNEB-NSET2-90SHYAOYEBEIZUJIAN、XIZUIHESONGQIGUAN),WUHUAYETIWEI0.9%LVHUANAZHUSHEYE[CHANPINPIHAO:G1810042(GUOYAOZHUNZIH20023682)],MIAOBIAOJI[TIYUZHUANYONGMIAOBIAO(YUEZHI03000193)],CHOUQUYETIZHUSHEQI[10 ml、5 mlZHUSHEQI(YILIAOQIXIEZHUCEZHENGBIANHAO:GUOXIEZHUJIN20183151872),1 mlZHUSHEQIZHUCEZHENGHAO:GUOSHIYAOJIANXIE(JIN)ZI,2014DI3154648]。

                      1.2、 方法

                    牛牛游戏厅安卓,{原始关键词}   CAIYONGPINGXINGDUILIEFENXI。WEILEJIANSHAOKONGQILIUDONG、WENDU、SHIDUDENGDUISHIYANDEYINGXIANG,XUANQUHUXIYUWEIZHONGBINGXUEKESHIJIAOSHIWEISHIYANSHI,YU2019-03-15ZHI2019-03-21JINXINGSHIYAN。BENYANJIUZAIXIANGTONGDEMIBIHUANJINGJINXING,SUOYOUWUHUABENGJIPENWUQIJINGJIANCEFUHEGEZIPINPAISHUOMINGSHUBIAOZHUN,MEIZUWUHUA10CI。

                    牛牛游戏厅安卓,{原始关键词}   JIANG3ZHONGCHANGYONGSHELIUYALIWUHUABENGDINGYIWEIa、b、c,QIDUIYINGDEPENWUQIDINGYIWEIa1、b1、c1,JIANGaWUHUABENGYUa1PENWUQIPEIDUIZUOWEIaa1ZU,bWUHUABENGJIb1PENWUQIPEIDUIZUOWEIbb1ZU,cWUHUABENGJIc1PENWUQIPEIDUIZUOWEIcc1ZU,aWUHUABENGYUb1PENWUQIPEIDUIZUOWEIab1ZU,aWUHUABENGYUc1PENWUQIPEIDUIZUOWEIac1ZU,bWUHUABENGYUa1PENWUQIPEIDUIZUOWEIba1ZU,bWUHUABENGYUc1PENWUQIPEIDUIZUOWEIbc1ZU,cWUHUABENGYUa1PENWUQIPEIDUIZUOWEIca1ZU,cWUHUABENGYUb1PENWUQIPEIDUIZUOWEIcb1ZU。

                    牛牛游戏厅安卓,{原始关键词}   CAOZUOLIUCHENG:YI10 mlZHUSHEQICHOUQU10 ml 0.9%LVHUANARONGYEJINXINGWUHUASHIYAN;YI5 mlZHUSHEQICHOUQU4 ml 0.9%LVHUANAJINXINGWUHUASHIYAN。WUHUAKAISHIYUJIESHUPANDUANBIAOZHUNJIANCANKAOWENXIAN[12]。YONG1 mlZHUSHEQICHOUQUCANYUYETILIANG,PANDUANWUHUAHOUCANYUYETILIANG。PENWUQIQINGXI:MEICISHIYANJIESHUHOUYONGCHUNJINGSHUIJINXINGQINGJIE、LIANGGANBEIYONG。PINGJUNWUHUALV(ml/min)=[ZONGWUHUAJILIANG(ml)-CANLIUYAOLIANG(ml)]/WUHUASHIJIAN(min)[13]。1.3GUANCHAZHIBIAOBIJIAOaa1、bb1、cc1、ab1、ac1、ba1、bc1、ca1、cb1ZU10 ml 0.9%LVHUANARONGYEWUHUASHIJIAN、WUHUAHOUCANYUYAOLIANG、PINGJUNWUHUALV。BIJIAOaa1、bb1、cc1ZU4ml 0.9%LVHUANARONGYEWUHUASHIJIAN、WUHUAHOUCANYUYAOLIANG、PINGJUNWUHUALV。BIJIAOaa1、bb1、cc1ZU10 mlHE4 ml 0.9%LVHUANARONGYEDEWUHUAHOUCANYUYAOLIANG。

                      1.4、 统计学方法

                      CAIYONGSPSS 22.0RUANJIANJINXINGSHUJUFENXI。FUHEZHENGTAIFENBUDEJILIANGZILIAOYI(±s)BIAOSHI,LIANGZUJIANBIJIAOCAIYONGCHENGZUtJIANYAN;BUFUHEZHENGTAIFENBUDEJILIANGZILIAOYI[M(P25,P75)]BIAOSHI,DUOZUJIANBIJIAOCAIYONGKruskal-Wallis HJIANYAN,ZUJIANLIANGLIANGBIJIAOCAIYONGMann-Whitney UJIANYAN。YIP<0.05WEICHAYIYOUTONGJIXUEYIYI。

                      2 、结果

                      2.1 、九组10 ml 0.9%氯化钠溶液雾化观察指标比较

                      JIUZU10 ml 0.9%LVHUANARONGYEWUHUASHIJIAN、WUHUAHOUCANYUYAOLIANG、PINGJUNWUHUALVBIJIAO,CHAYIYOUTONGJIXUEYIYI(P<0.05);QIZHONGab1ZU10 ml 0.9%LVHUANARONGYEWUHUASHIJIANZHANGYUaa1、ac1、ba1、bb1、bc1、ca1、cb1、cc1ZU,CHAYIYOUTONGJIXUEYIYI(P<0.05);YUZUJIAN10 ml 0.9%LVHUANARONGYEWUHUASHIJIANLIANGLIANGBIJIAO,CHAYIWUTONGJIXUEYIYI(P>0.05)。aa1ZU10 ml 0.9%LVHUANARONGYEWUHUAHOUCANYUYAOLIANGDUOYUab1、ac1、ba1、bb1、bc1、ca1、cb1、cc1ZU,CHAYIYOUTONGJIXUEYIYI(P<0.05);YUZUJIAN10 ml 0.9%LVHUANARONGYEWUHUAHOUCANYUYAOLIANGLIANGLIANGBIJIAO,CHAYIWUTONGJIXUEYIYI(P>0.05)。bb1ZU10 ml 0.9%LVHUANARONGYEPINGJUNWUHUALVGAOYUaa1、ab1、ac1、ba1、bc1、ca1、cb1、cc1ZU,CHAYIYOUTONGJIXUEYIYI(P<0.05);YUZUJIAN10 ml 0.9%LVHUANARONGYEPINGJUNWUHUALVLIANGLIANGBIJIAO,CHAYIWUTONGJIXUEYIYI(P>0.05,JIANBIAO1)。

                      2.2 、aa1、bb1、cc1组4 ml 0.9%氯化钠溶液雾化观察指标比较

                      SANZU4 ml 0.9%LVHUANARONGYEWUHUASHIJIAN、WUHUAHOUCANYUYAOLIANG、PINGJUNWUHUALVBIJIAO,CHAYIYOUTONGJIXUEYIYI(P<0.05)。aa1ZU4 ml 0.9%LVHUANARONGYEWUHUASHIJIANZHANGYUbb1ZUHEcc1ZU,CHAYIYOUTONGJIXUEYIYI(P<0.05)。aa1ZU4 ml 0.9%LVHUANARONGYEWUHUAHOUCANYUYAOLIANGDUOYUbb1ZUHEcc1ZU,CHAYIYOUTONGJIXUEYIYI(P<0.05)。bb1ZU4 ml 0.9%LVHUANARONGYEPINGJUNWUHUALVGAOYUaa1ZUHEcc1ZU,CHAYIYOUTONGJIXUEYIYI(P<0.05,JIANBIAO2)。

                      2.3、 aa1、bb1、cc1组不同剂量0.9%氯化钠溶液雾化后残余药量比较

                      aa1ZUHEcc1ZU4 ml 0.9%LVHUANARONGYEWUHUAHOUCANYUYAOLIANGYU10 ml 0.9%LVHUANARONGYEWUHUAHOUCANYUYAOLIANGBIJIAO,CHAYIWUTONGJIXUEYIYI(P>0.05);bb1ZU4 ml 0.9%LVHUANARONGYEWUHUAHOUCANYUYAOLIANGSHAOYU10 ml 0.9%LVHUANARONGYEWUHUAHOUCANYUYAOLIANG,CHAYIYOUTONGJIXUEYIYI(P<0.05,JIANBIAO3)。

                      3 、讨论

                    牛牛游戏厅安卓,{原始关键词}   SUIZHEHUANJINGWURAN、XIYAN、RENKOULAONIANHUA,HUXIXITONGJIBINGRUMANZUFEIDEFABINGLVCHENGSHANGSHENGQUSHI,QIEZHUJIANNIANQINGHUA。DUIYUZHIQIGUANXIAOCHUAN(XIACHENGXIAOCHUAN)、MANZUFEI、ZHIQIGUANKUOZHANG、MANXINGKESOUDENGQIDAOYANZHENGXINGJIBING,WUHUAXIRUSHIZUICHANGYONGQIESHOUXUANDEZHILIAOFANGFA,SHELIUYALIWUHUABENGSHILINCHUANGYINGYONGZUIDUODESHEBEI,SHELIUYALIWUHUABENGJIQIPENWUQIXIANGGUANZHIBIAORU:WUHUASHIJIAN、WUHUAHOUYETICANLIULIANG、WUHUAQILIUCHANSHENGYALIKENENGHUIZHIJIEYINGXIANGWUHUAZHILIAOXIAOGUO,QIEMUQIANSHELIUYALIWUHUABENGJIPENWUQIPINPAIJIAODUO,SHANGWUTONGYISHIYONGBIAOZHUN。

                      表1 九组10 ml 0.9%氯化钠溶液雾化观察指标比较(n=10)
                    表1 九组10 ml 0.9%氯化钠溶液雾化观察指标比较(n=10)

                    牛牛游戏厅安卓,{原始关键词}   ZHU:BUFUHEZHENGTAIFENBUDESHUJUYONG[M(P25,P75)]BIAOSHI;YUaa1ZUBIJIAO,aP<0.05;YUab1ZUBIJIAO,bP<0.05;YUbb1ZUBIJIAO,cP<0.05

                      表2 aa1、bb1、cc1组4 ml 0.9%氯化钠溶液雾化观察指标比较(n=10)
                    表2 aa1、bb1、cc1组4 ml 0.9%氯化钠溶液雾化观察指标比较(n=10)

                      ZHU:YUaa1ZUBIJIAO,aP<0.05;YUbb1ZUBIJIAO,bP<0.05

                      表3 aa1、bb1、cc1组不同剂量0.9%氯化钠溶液雾化后残余药量比较(n=10)
                    表3 aa1、bb1、cc1组不同剂量0.9%氯化钠溶液雾化后残余药量比较(n=10)

                    牛牛游戏厅安卓,{原始关键词}   ZHU:aWEIZZHI

                      《WULIANWANGFUZHUWUHUAXIRUZHILIAOZHONGGUOZHUANJIAGONGSHI》[10]JIANYI,MEICIWUHUAYETILIANGWEI4~6 ml,WUHUASHIJIANBUCHAOGUO20 min。MANZUFEIJIXINGJIAZHONGQITUIJIANDEWUHUAZHILIAOFANGAN:BUDINAIDELIANHETEBUTALINWUHUAZHILIAO,2CI/d,WUHUAJILIANG6~10ml/CI;RUO4CI/d,WUHUAJILIANG4~6 ml/CI。BENYANJIUJIEGUOTISHI,10 ml 0.9%LVHUANARONGYEWUHUASHIJIANZAI(27.31±1.30)~(48.70±1.12)min,4 ml 0.9%LVHUANARONGYEWUHUASHIJIANZAI(8.46±0.63)~(14.90±0.91)min。TISHIDADUOSHUSHELIUYALIWUHUABENGZAIWUHUA10 mlYETISHIZONGTISUOXUSHIJIANJIAOZHANG,HUANZHEBUYIDINGNENGGOUNAISHOU。

                    牛牛游戏厅安卓,{原始关键词}   YITAOWUHUAZHUANGZHIYOUWUHUABENGHEPENWUQIZUCHENG,YIBANYUANCHANGSHENGCHANDEWUHUABENGYIJIPEITAODEPENWUQISHIZUIHESHIDEZUHE,DANBENYANJIUJIEGUOXIANSHI,YUANPEIZUHEDEWUHUABENGHEPENWUQIZAIWUHUASHIJIAN、WUHUAHOUCANYUYAOLIANG、PINGJUNWUHUALVFANGMIANYOUSHIYEBINGBUDOUSHIZUIJIAXUANZE,RUac1ZUDEWUHUASHIJIANMINGXIANDUANYUaa1ZU、ab1ZUWUHUAHOUCANYUYAOLIANGSHAOYUaa1,SUOYIZAIWUHUAYETILIANGJIAODADEYAOWUSHI,XUYAOXUANZEHESHIDESHELIUYALIWUHUABENGYIJIPENWUQI,BIMIANHUANZHEYINWUHUASHIJIANGUOZHANGERGANDAOBUSHI,YINGXIANGZHILIAOXIAOGUO,JIANGDIHUANZHEZHILIAODESHUNYINGXING。

                      WUHUACANYUYETILIANGZHIJIEYINGXIANGDAOHUANZHEWUHUAZHILIAOYAOWUDESHIJIYONGLIANG。BENYANJIUJIEGUOXIANSHI,10 ml 0.9%LVHUANARONGYEWUHUAHOUCANYUYAOLIANGWEI(0.42±0.12)~(0.96±0.16)ml,4 ml 0.9%LVHUANARONGYEWUHUAHOUCANYUYAOLIANGWEI(0.52±0.36)~(1.02±0.32)ml。YIMANZUFEIJIXINGJIAZHONGHUANZHEWUHUABUDINAIDE6~8 mg/dCESUAN,RUOWUHUA2CI/d,YAOLIANGZUIDUOKESUNSHI(2.04±0.64)ml;RUGUOWUHUA4CI/d,YAOLIANGZUIDUOKESUNSHI(4.08±1.28)ml。RANERWUHUAHOUCANYUYAOLIANGDEDUOSHAO,CHANGYINGXIANGHUANZHEDESHIJIYAOWUYONGLIANG。YINCIRUOZENGJIAWUHUACISHU,SUIKEYISUODUANWUHUASHIJIAN,DANWUHUAHOUCANYUYAOLIANGZENGJIA,SHIDESHIJIZHILIAOJILIANGDABUDAOYUQIYAOQIU。

                      YIBANERYAN,WUHUAZHILIAOSHI,SHELIUYALIWUHUABENGYASUOQITIDEYALIJILIULIANGJUNYUPENWUQISHIWULIANGCHENGZHENGBI,YUQIRONGJIAOKELIZHIJINGCHENGFANBI;QIYAYUEGAO、LIULIANGYUEDA,PENWUQICHANSHENGDEQIRONGJIAOKELIZHIJINGJIUYUEXIAO,SHIWULIANGJIUYUEDA[8],TONGYICHANGJIADESHELIUYALIWUHUABENGHEPENWUQISHUCHUQITIYALIHELIULIANGBIJIAOHENGDING,ZHILIAOXIAOGUODETONGZHIHUAHEKEBIXINGHAO。BENYANJIUJIEGUOXIANSHI,YUANPEICHANGJIASHELIUYALIWUHUABENGHEPENWUQIBIBUTONGCHANGJIAPEIDUIZUHEWUHUASHIJIANXIANGDUIGENGDUAN,RUbb1ZUYECUNZAIBUTONGCHANGJIAPEIDUIZUHEYOUYUYUANPEIZUHEXIANXIANG,RUac1ZUWUHUASHIJIANDUANYUaa1ZU。YINWEIBUTONGCHANGJIASHENGCHANDESHELIUWUHUABENGHEPENWUQIDESHUCHUYALIHESHUCHULIULIANGBUTONG,WUHUASHIJIANHEWUHUAHOUCANYUYAOLIANGCHAYIJIAODA。YINCI,ZAISHIJILINCHUANGGONGZUOZHONG,JIANYIGEYILIAOJIGOUZAICAIGOUSHELIUYALIWUHUABENGHEPENWUQISHI,YINGGENJUBUTONGCHANGJIADECHANPINCANSHUXUANZE。

                      综上所述,临床上对患者进行雾化治疗时,应根据不同患者疾病特点、雾化治疗药物剂量、患者呼吸功能状态,依据各射流压力雾化泵和喷雾器输出压力、输出流量、雾化率及雾化后残余药量的具体情况,选择合理的射流压力雾化泵和喷雾器,严格控制雾化时间、雾化液剂量及雾化频次,以获得最佳雾化治疗效果。
                      
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